TEXT 1

UNIT 14
______________________Ученик
BASIC GRAMMAR OF UNIT 14
THE COMPLEX OBJECT
(Сложное дополнение)
Подлежащее Сказуемое
Дополнение или
местоимение в Дат. п.
I
We
They
want
wanted
expect
expected
Nelly
Nick
you
him (her)
He (She)
Jack
Ann
sees
saw
Nelly
Nick
me
us
them
He (She)
Ann
hears
heard
Nelly
Nick
Частица
to
Второстепенные члены
предложения
make a report.
return soon.
ride in a taxi.
sing at the party.
go along the street every morning.
take the book from the desk.
stand near the Kremlin.
come up to the window and shut it.
write exercises every evening.
Не
speak loudly.
употребляется sing beautifully every Sunday.
laugh softly at the joke.
Jack
Ann
The Teacher
The mother
makes
made
Nick
him (her)
us
them
do the room every day.
speak loudly enough.
get up early every morning.
work regularly.
GRAMMAR EXERCISES
I. Write one sentence instead of the given two using complex objects.
Model: I saw John every day. He often spoke with his comrades. I often saw John speak with his comrades (or
John speaking).
1. I watched the sun. It was rising. 2. I heard him. He was singing an English song. 3. We noticed a man.
The man was cleaning his shoes. 4. He saw two girls. They were dancing on the stage. 5. She watched the
children. They ran about and played in the garden. 6. I saw her every morning. She arranged her hair carefully. 7.
Every night we saw our heighbour. He listened to the news. 8. John heard his daughter. She was talking loudly. 9.
We saw Roger. He was crossing the square. 10. They heard their father. He played the piano every night.
II. Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Я видел, что Николай пришел. 2. Я видела, что Джордж идет по улице. 3. Каждое утро Мэдж
видела, как ее сосед раскрывает окно. 4. Мы заставили брата прочесть свои стихи. 5. Мои друзья
заставили меня петь вчера. 6. Никто не может заставить меня это сделать. 7. Мы видели, как
разговаривали их родители. 8. Мы видели, как дети играли. 9. Она видела, что Нина примеряет шляпу. 10.
Алиса видела, что ее сестра взяла книгу. 11. Он видел, что его ученики стоят около школы. 12. Том видел,
что она вышла из комнаты. 13. Мать видела, что ее дети сидят и делают домашнее задание. 14. Она
видела, что Роджер сидит на диване. 15. Николай видел, что Анна что-то пишет. 16. Я хочу, чтобы вы
меня поняли 17. Я хочу, чтобы вы купили это платье. 18. Я не хочу, чтобы вы уходили рано. 19. Мы
ожидаем, что они скоро придут. 20. Учитель заметил, что ученики разговаривают.
Ш. Paraphrase the following sentences as in the model:
Model: Nelly spoke to the dean yesterday.
It was Nelly who (that) spoke to the dean yesterday.
Those boys have brought me the letter.
It is those boys who (that) have brought me the letter.
1. The guide showed them many places of interest. 2. Mrs. Hilton told the children to go to bed. 3. Lizzie
does not want to eat her porridge. 4. Jim is eager to ride a pony. 5. Alice is cutting some sandwiches. 6. James
says the frost is severe. 7. Alice and Roger swam further along. 8. The conductor told me where to get out. 9. The
students began a lively talk with an English correspondent. 10. Robert and Nora noticed a nasty-looking cloud.
11. My friends helped me to catch up with the group.
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Аракин В.Д.
Книга 1
UNIT 14
______________________Ученик
TEXT 1
CARRIE GOES TO A DEPARTMENT STORE
The extract is taken from “Sister Carrie” by Th. Dreiser, a well-known American writer (1871-1945). Carrie,
a young provincial girl, comes to Chicago and is greatly attracted by the pleasures the big city offers. Shopping
is one of them. Drouet, her friend, is to meet her at the ready-made clothes department.
Carrie reached Dearborn Street. Here was the great Fair store with its crowds of shoppers. She thought she would
go in and see. She would look at the jackets.
She paused at each article of clothing. How pretty she would look in this, how charming that would make her!
Carrie stopped at the jewelry department. She saw the ear-rings, the bracelets, the pins, the chains.
But the jackets were the greatest attraction. When she entered the store, she already had her heart fixed on a jacket
with large mother-of-pearl buttons. The cut was all the fashion that fall. She said to herself there was nothing she
would like better.
Here she saw Drouet who was coming up to her smiling.
“Let’s go and look at the jackets,” he said as if he had read her thoughts.
When Carrie got the jacket in her hand, it seemed so much nicer. The saleswoman helped her on with it. It fitted
perfectly. It was just her size, not a bit loose. She looked quite smart.
Carrie turned before the glass. She could not help feeling pleased as she looked at herself. It was so becoming.
“That’s the thing,” said Drouet. “Now pay for it.”
“It’s nine dollars,” said Carrie, after she had asked the saleswoman how much it was. She took out one of the
bills and gave it to the cashier.
From there they went to a shoe department where Carrie tried on some shoes. Drouet stood by and when he saw
how nice they looked, said: “Wear them.”
Then Drouet advised her to buy a purse made of leather, a pair of gloves and stockings.
Carrie thought that she would come the next day and buy herself a skirt to match the new jacket.
TEXT 2
SHOPPING
Mother: Pete, we’ve run out of vegetables and we’ve hardly any bread in the house. You know, not it’s your
turn to go to the greengrocer’s and to the baker’s.
Pete: Oh, bother? Why do we have to go shopping so often?
Mother: The day before yesterday it was Nelly who did all the shopping. She went to the grocer’s and to the
butcher’s.
Pete: Did she? But, Mother, girls are so fond of shopping. Let Nelly do it today as well.
Mother: Oh, you’ve been a lazy-bones ever since you were born! It’s so difficult to make you go anywhere.
Pete: D’you want to make me a model boy, Mum?
Mother: I’d like to. Take that bag and don’t grumble. Buy a cabbage, a pound of onions, half a pound of carrots
and a loaf of bread. Here is the money and don’t forget the change.
Pete: Did I ever forget it?
Mother: I don’t say you did. But you are so absent-minded.
Pete: (sighing): My teacher says the same.
Mother: I expect you to be back in half an hour.
Pete: All right. I’ll do my best.
VOCABULARY NOTES
department store – универсальный магазин
ready-made clothes/ clothes department – отдел готовой одежды; footwear, millinery, knitted goods,
leather goods, textiles hosiery, haberdashery, cosmetics (departments) отделы: обувь, головные уборы,
трикотаж, кожгалантерея, чулки-носки, галантерея, косметика
pretty – хорошенький; Syn. good-looking, beautiful, handsome (usually about men)
cut – покрой, e.g. The saleswoman assured Eliza that the cut of the coat was fashionable. cut (cut, cut) – резать.
fashion – мода. Syn. style, e.g. Take this coat. It’s the latest fashion (style). in fashion в моде, e.g. Such shoes
are in fashion now. fashionable – модный, e.g. Alice has gone shopping and is sure to buy a fashionable hat.
old-fashioned –e.g. I don’t like old-fashioned furniture.
to help smb. on with smth. – помочь надеть что-л. to help smb. off with smth. Помочь снять что-л.
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Аракин В.Д.
Книга 1
UNIT 14
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become (became, become) – идти, быть к лицу, e.g. I don’t think it’s very becoming. Сравните
использование глаголов to become (в значении «быть к лицу»), to fit, to match, to go with, to suit.
to fit – сидеть, годиться, быть впору, e.g. The dress fits her like a glove. to match – подходить по цвету,
тону, e.g. She is going to buy a hat to match her new coat. to go with –подходить (по фактуре, стилю),
соответствовать, e.g. That cardigan does not go with a silk skirt. to suit –подходить, соответствовать, идти к
лицу. The costume suits her. She looks smart in it.
size – размер, e.g. What size shoes do you wear? What size gloves do you wear? What size clothes do you wear?
loose – широкий, свободный; to be loose on smb. e.g. The frock’s a bit loose on me. Ant. tight: to be tight on
smb., e.g. The coat is tight on him. The shoes are tight on me.
How much is it? What is the price of…? What does it cost? Сколько это стоит? I bought a nice hat yesterday.
– Really? How much was it? (What was the price?)
cashier – кассир; cash-desk –касса, box-office (theatre); booking-office (railway station)
to try on smth. – примерять что-л.
wear (wore, worn) 1. Носить, быть одетым в… e.g. He always wears a grey hat. Kitty was wearing a lovely
pink dress that night. Syn. to be dressed in smth.; to have smth. on. e.g. She was dressed in a light summer
dress. She had a light summer dress on. 2. носиться (о платье, материи и т.д.) e.g. Does that material wear
well?
advise – советовать, e.g. The teacher strongly advised him to work harder. advice – совет;
to be made of – сделанный из… made of leather, wood, etc.
to run out of smth. – истощить свой запас, e.g. We’ve run out of sugar. У нас кончился сахар.
to have hardly any, e.g. We’ve hardly any bread in the house. У нас почти не осталось хлеба дома.
turn – очередь; in turn по очереди, e.g. Speak in turn, please. I can’t understand you when you ate talking
together. (But! Стоять в очереди за чем-либо – to stand in a queue (line) for something).
the greengrocer’s – овощной магазин
the baker’s булочная, e.g. I met her at the baker’s yesterday. the grocer’s магазин «Бакалея»; the butcher’s
мясной магазин, provision shop – продуктовый магазин, fishmonger’s рыбный магазин, fruit-shop –
фруктовый магазин, confectionery – кондитерская, dairy – молочная, supermarket – магазин
самообслуживания, shopping centre – торговый центр.
Oh, bother! – какая досада!
It was…who (that), e.g. It was Nelly who did all the shopping. Это Нелли сделала все покупки.
to do shopping, to go shopping – делать покупки, e.g. Boys don’t like to do shopping. Mary likes to go
shopping in the morning, when there are fewer people.
as well – также, Syn. too, also. E.g. Everybody was eager to go sightseeing. Ann wanted to see the town as well.
model – образцовый, e.g. Tom Sawyer hated the model boy because he was so good. model – образец, модель,
e.g. Sentences must be formed according to this model.
sigh – вздыхать, вздох
expect – ожидать, предполагать, полагать, думать; e.g. I expect a letter any day now. Everybody expects he
will come tomorrow. Syn. to wait - ждать. Whom are you waiting for? I am waiting for a friend of mine.
TOPICAL VOCABULARY
Kinds of clothes: sleeveless jacket, coat, shirt, blouse, cardigan, sweater, skirt, suit, trousers, pants, shorts, a pullover, dressing-gown, jersey, jeans, corduroy trousers (corduroys), windcheater, jumper, raincoat, sheepskin coat,
waistcoat (vest), one-piece suit, swimsuit, bikini, jacket, undershirt, swimming trunks, dress (gown, frock),
wedding gown, dinner jacket, cloak, down-padded coat, chemise, sundress, sweatshirt, T-shirt, fur coat.
Articles of clothing: socks, stockings, knee-length socks, scarf, muffler, kerchief, gloves, mittens, tie,
handkerchief, tights, pyjamas, nightgown (nighty), underwear.
Parts of clothes: collar, sleeve, belt
Footwear: slippers, sandals, sport shoes, walking shoes, court shoes, rubber boots, training shoes.
Textiles: silk, cotton, velvet, woolen cloth.
Jewelry: ring, bracelet, ear-rings, chain, brooch, necklace, pendant, fashion (imitation) jewelery.
Cereals: buckwheat, rice, semolina, oats, oatmeal, wheat
Meat: beef, pork, mutton, chicken, veal, horse meat, goose, duck, turkey, tinned meat
Fish: herring, salmon, cod (codfish), sprats, smoked fish, tinned fish
Dairy products: cream, sour cream, cottage cheese, kefir, sour milk, yogurt
Confectionery: biscuits, cakes, chocolate, pastry
Vegetables: onions, turnips, cauliflower, lettuce, radish, parsley, celery.
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Аракин В.Д.
Книга 1
UNIT 14
______________________Ученик
EXERCISES
I. Write the interrogative and negative forms of the following sentences:
1. John saw his brother go to the fruit-shop. 2. Everybody expected you to give this information. 3. They want
him to take his parents’ advice. 4. We saw Peter buy rolls at the baker’s. 5. I have made Michael tell the news. 6.
Helen wants me to wear this cardigan. 7. I want you to clean your shoes.
II. Fill in prepositions of adverbs whenever necessary:
A. 1. What size…gloves does your daughter wear? 2. Is your blouse made…silk or…nylon? 3. This frock
suits…her and she looks so well today. 4. Go …the fitting-room and try …the green frock. 5. Go…the
mirror and have a look …yourself. 6. I’m afraid the shirt is a bit loose…you. 7. You must choose another
belt. This one does not go…your light dress. 8. I’m sure they will soon make…their quarrel. 9. The
woman was made to believe that such shoes were not…fashion…that time.
B. 1. We’ve run… … meat. Let’s go and buy some …the butcher’s. 2. Please weight half…a pound…
sweets. 3. Will you give me a quarter…a pound…sausage? 4. Whom are you waiting …? – I’m waiting
…my friends. They are …the greengrocer’s. 5. She paid …a cabbage and went…. 6. The salesmen will
finish their work …half…an hour. 7. There is no cottage cheese …the dairy today. 8. I’m not going to
stand …a queue …a tin…sprats.
III. Change the following direct questions into indirect and answer them. Begin the sentences with the
words I wonder…. Or Tell me… or I’d like to know…
1. At what shop did you buy this hat? 2. What colour scarf would you like to buy to match your new coat? 3. Are
those gloves old or new? 4. How old is your father? 5. Does Ann do shopping every day? 6. When will you go to
the State Department Store? 7. Were any new films on last week? 8. How much is this material? 9. Has anything
gone wrong with the iron? 10. Why didn’t you come to the dining-hall yesterday? 11. Is it snowing hard? 12. Had
John given you good advice? 13. Why is it so stuffy in the room? 14. When did they get everything arranged? 15.
Have you managed to knit a pull-over for your father? 16. When are you going to the dairy? 17. When was he
made to write that letter?
IV. Choose the right verb:
(to expect - to wait)
1. Don’t … for him. He is going to return very late. 2. Nobody …such an answer from him. 3. …a minute. Your
brother is sure to come soon. 4. Do you…her to be late? 5. Nobody…him to repair that broken radio-set. 6. Let’s
…for some other students. They are sure to help us to put the tape-recorder right. 7. Everybody…him to hurry
out, but he remained proudly in his seat. 8. Nobody …the weather to become so nasty. 9. The children …
impatiently for the beginning of the performance. 10. They …the river to freeze over in a few days. 11. We…the
box-office to be opened on Sunday.
V. Translate the following sentences into English:
Model 1: His answer surprised me.
I was surprised at his answer.
А. 1. Какого размера перчатки (туфли, пальто) вы носите? 2. Это платье вам идет. Вам идет эта шляпа. Не
примеряйте это платье. Вам не подходит цвет. Идет ли мне эта блузка? 3. Я хочу купить туфли в тон
своему новому костюму. 4. Этот костюм плохо сидит на мне. Это платье очень хорошо сидит на вас.
Ирине очень идет это платье. 5. Эти перчатки не подходят к твоему костюму. Эти туфли не подходят к
твоему нарядному платью. Этот бант не подходит к твоей лиловой блузке. 6. Эта блузка широка тебе.
Этот костюм вам широк. Это платье мне узко. Эти туфли мне малы. Этот пиджак вам узок. 7. Эти туфли
очень красивы. Примерьте их. Это пальто очень элегантно. Примерьте его. 8. Это пальто слишком дорого
для меня. Этот зонтик не очень дорогой. 9. Мне нужны дешевые туфли для улицы. Я предпочитаю носить
дешевые вещи. 10. По-моему, он умен. По-моему, это интересно. По-моему, нужно подождать его.
В. 1. У нас кончилось мясо. У нас кончился лук. У нас кончился картофель. 2. Мне нужно пойти в
бакалею (булочную, овощной магазин, рыбный магазин, в кондитерскую, молочную, фруктовый магазин).
3. Это Нина нам помогла. Это мама вымыла всю посуду. Это Николай был нашим гидом. 4. Моя очередь
читать. Твоя очередь идти за покупками. Её очередь мыть посуду. 5. Пусть Петя купит лук. Пусть Аня
купит кочан капусты. Пусть Николай купит огурцы. 6. Не ждите его, он не придет. Кто ждет меня? –
Роджер. Пожалуйста, подожди нас на станции у билетной кассы.
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Аракин В.Д.
Книга 1
UNIT 14
______________________Ученик
VI. Think of sentences using the word combinations in bold type. Add a sentence or two to develop a
situation as in the model:
Model: I don’t know much about this material. So I’m not buying the dress, I’m afraid.
1. Will you please show me that blue dress? 2. I don’t know much about this fruit-shop. 3. We’ve run out of
sugar. 4. She looks so smart today. 5. It was Nelly who did all the shopping. 6. Let Nelly go to the fishmonger’s.
7. He went both to the greengrocer’s and to the baker’s. 8. This cut is out of fashion now. 9. It’s your turn to go
shopping. 10. It is those boys who are fond of figure skating.
VII.
Retell the story using indirect speech. Write logical questions to the text. Give a title to it:
Once a little boy entered a shop and said to the shopman: “How much will I have to pay for ten pounds of sugar,
two pounds of coffee and three pounds of butter?” The shopman took a piece of paper and a pencil, wrote
something down and said: “Four dollars and sixty cents.”
Then the boy said: “How much change will you give me if I give you five dollars?”
“I shall give you forty cents”, answered the shopman.
“Thank you”, said the boy, “I don’t want to buy anything. It is my homework for tomorrow, and I cannot do it
myself.”
VIII. Fill in articles wherever necessary:
1. …train stopped at…small station. …passenger looked out of…window and saw…woman who was selling…
cakes….man wanted to buy…cake. …woman was standing rather far from …carriage. …man called…boy, who
was walking on…platform near…carriage and asked him:
“How much does…cake cost?”
“Three pence, sir,” answered…boy. …man gave him…six pence and said to him: “Bring me…cake, and with …
other three pence buy one for yourself.”
Some minutes later…boy returned. He was eating …cake. He gave…man threepence change and said: “There
was only one cake, sir.”
IX. Translate the following sentences into English:
А. 1. Когда Ирина подошла к примерочной, она увидела, что ее подруга примеряет нарядное платье. 2. Ты
слышала, как Олег читал текст? Он читал его очень хорошо. Теперь твоя очередь записывать свое чтение.
3. Не советуй ей покупать эту блузку. Она не идет ей. 4. Пусть Лена купит картофель, лук и помидоры. 5.
Вы хотите, чтобы она купила эти дорогие туфли? - Да, они ведь такие красивые. 6. Мама хочет, чтобы
Нина пошла в булочную. 7. На днях я встретила свою подругу. Она выходила из центрального
универмага. 8. Нина не спала и слышала, как ее сестра вошла в комнату. Она почувствовала, что Анна
касается (to touch) ее руки. 9. Заставь ребенка убрать свои вещи. 10. Никто не может заставить его
следовать вашим советам.
В. 1. Вчера в универмаге я купила замшевые (suede) перчатки. Они тесны мне. Если хотите, я могу отдать
их вам. – Спасибо. Я возьму их с удовольствием, если подойдет размер. – Это размер 6 с половиной – Как
удачно! Это как раз мой размер. – Сколько они стоят? – 10 долларов. – Вот вам деньги, пожалуйста. 2. Я
получила стипендию, и мне придется сделать некоторые покупки. Мне нужно купить чулки, носки и
красный кожаный ремешок для моего нового платья. 3. Летом я предпочитаю носить платья из ситца. В
них не так жарко, как в шелковых. 4. Вам очень идет этот костюм. Но жакет слишком длинный, по-моему.
5. Платья в этом магазине не продаются. Здесь продаются только мужские костюмы, брюки, пиджаки и
мужские рубашки. 6. Помоги мне выбрать туфли – Примерь те коричневые. Мне кажется, что они
подойдут к твоему зеленому костюму. 7. Послушайте моего совета, не берите это пальто. Оно уже не
модно. То, скорее, гораздо лучше. Я уверена, что оно будет хорошо сидеть на вас. Пройдите в
примерочную. Сюда, пожалуйста. – О, пальто действительно изумительное. Сколько оно стоит? – 500
долларов. Выписать чек? Да, пожалуйста, я вам очень благодарна. 8. У нас кончились сахар и масло. По
дороге с работы не забудь зайти в бакалею и купить все необходимое. 9. У нас почти не осталось хлеба.
Зайди в булочную и купи батон и две сдобные булочки (bun). 10. Нам необходимо купить к праздничному
столу колбасу, сыр, банку шпрот (a tin of sprats), овощи для салата, конфеты и пирожные. 11. Нине
придется пойти в овощной магазин и купить капусты и моркови. 12. Роберта заставили пойти в
продуктовый магазин.
X. Write a composition on the topic “Shopping in my life”
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Аракин В.Д.
Книга 1