Образец письменной конкурсной работы по английскому языку

Образец письменной конкурсной работы по английскому
языку для абитуриентов, поступающих в 10 класс медикобиологического профиля
При поступлении на медицинский профиль вступительные испытания проводятся в форме
письменного теста. Устная часть экзамена не проводится.
Письменная работа по английскому языку состоит из 3 разделов: аудирования, чтения и лексикограмматической части. Каждый раздел может включать от 1 до 3 заданий. Количество и формат
заданий в каждом разделе теста могут варьироваться из года в год.
За выполнение заданий абитуриент получает максимально 40 баллов: 10 баллов за задания по
аудированию, 10 баллов за задания по чтению и 20 баллов за лексико-грамматический тест.
При успешном выполнении 50% работы (20 баллов) работа считается засчитанной и
абитуриенту выставляется зачет. Баллы, полученные сверх 20 баллов, делятся пополам, и
полученное число составляет количество бонусных баллов.
Внимание! Приведенные
вступительного теста.
Раздел 1. Аудирование.
Установите соответствие между людьми 1–5 и проблемами со здоровьем A–F. Занесите
свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна буква
1. Jenny
2. Mike
3. Mary
4. Lucy
5. Lucy’s dad _____
A. headache
B. sore throat
C. toothache
D. sore eyes
E. fever
F. earache
Прослушайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений соответствуют
содержанию текста (1 – True), а какие не соответствуют (2 – False). Обведите правильный
All energy comes from the sun.
1. True
2. False
Plants are herbivores.
1. True
2. False
A lion is a carnivore because it eats plants.
1. True
2. False
The food chain ends with consumers.
1. True
2. False
Animals will die if all plants die.
1. True
2. False
Total: _____ (10=1x10)
Раздел 2. Чтение
Установите соответствие между заголовками A–F и текстами 1–5. Занесите
свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В
задании один заголовок лишний.
Man and Microbes
Too Many to Count
Cleaning the Environment
Making Medicine
Some of the organisms that cause disease
Microbes in War
1. What makes a microbe? There is a huge variety of creatures in this section. They can
work alone or in colonies. They can help you or hurt you. Most important fact is that
they make up the largest number of living organisms on the planet. It helps to be that
small. It's not millions, billions, or trillions. There are trillions of trillions of trillions of
microbes around the Earth. Maybe more.
2. As with many things in life, humans need more than nature provides, not only to battle
hazards in nature but also to battle things we have created ourselves. Scientists all over
the world are experimenting with viruses, bacteria, and fungi for hundreds of reasons.
They are the simplest of all organisms. They can also be the most deadly. That is
reason enough to study them.
3. Scientists are working with microbes to help the environment. Good examples are the
bacteria they have developed to break down oil in the water. If a tanker leaked and oil
began to get into the water, these bacteria could be released to break down the oil. The
resulting compounds would not hurt the environment. Scientists are also working with
bacteria and fungi to help breakdown garbage.
4. Scientists are also working with microbes and the compounds they create to make new
medicines to save our lives. You might be vaccinated for pox or the flu. Scientists have
studied those viruses to see how they act. Then they came up with a way to teach your
immune system to do battle. If you get sick at all, you will be able to fight off the
infection. Labs are also developing drugs that help you fight infections after you get the
disease. They are creating new and stronger antibiotics every day.
5. Although nobody likes to talk about it, humans have a history of using disease and
compounds created by microbes in warfare. Labs were built to create chemical
compounds that would kill people. They also isolate viruses that could be released to
infect entire populations of people. Most of the world has chosen not to develop
diseases for use in war. They realized how dangerous and uncontrollable these diseases
are. Once they are out, they might not be able to be stopped.
Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 6-10
соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 –
False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни
положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated).
Everyone plays a specific role in the food chain of life. Producers are the beginning of a
simple food chain. Plants are at the beginning of every food chain that involves the Sun.
All energy comes from the Sun and plants are the ones who make food with that energy.
They use the process of photosynthesis. Plants also make loads of other nutrients for other
organisms to eat. There are also photosynthetic protists that start food chains. You might
find them floating on the surface of the ocean acting as food for small unicellular animals.
Consumers are the next link in a food chain. There are three levels of consumers. The
levels start with the organisms that eat plants. Scientists named this first group of
organisms the primary consumers. They are also called herbivores. They are the plant
eaters of the chain. It might be a squirrel or it might be an elk. It will be out there eating
plants and fruits. It will not eat animals.
Secondary consumers eat the primary consumers. A mouse might be a primary consumer
and a cat might be the secondary. Secondary consumers are also called carnivores.
Carnivore means "meat eater."
In some ecosystems, there is a third level of consumer called the tertiary consumer (that
means third level). These are consumers that eat the secondary and primary consumers. A
tertiary consumer could be a wolf that eats the cat and the mouse.
There are also consumers called omnivores. Omnivores can either be secondary or tertiary
consumers. Humans and bears are considered omnivores: we eat meat, plants, and just
about anything.
The last links in the chain are the decomposers. Whenever something that was alive dies,
the decomposers get it. Decomposers break down nutrients in the dead "stuff" and return it
to the soil. The producers can then use the nutrients and elements once it's in the soil. The
decomposers complete the system, returning essential molecules to the producers.
Any protist is a producer.
1. True
2. False
3. Not stated
All protists are unicellular.
1. True
2. False
3. Not stated
A cat is the primary consumer.
1. True
2. False
3. Not stated
Omnivores can eat herbivores.
1. True
2. False
3. Not stated
Decomposers are tertiary consumers.
1. True
2. False
3. Not stated
Total: _____ (10=1x10)
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова,
напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 1-5, так
чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните
пропуски полученными словами.
1 Bacteria are the ____________ of creatures that are considered alive.
Bacteria are everywhere. They are in the bread you eat, the soil that plants
grow in, and even inside of you. They are very simple cells that fall under
the heading prokaryotic.
2 There ___________bacteria that go through a process called fixing
3 nitrogen. These bacteria, __________ in the roots of plants, actually help
4 ___________absorb nitrogen from the surrounding soil. The nitrogen is
5 very important for the growth of the plant, and ___________ little bacteria
give them an advantage for survival.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова,
напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 6-10,
так чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию
текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
The word ecosystem is short for ______________ systems. An
ecosystem includes all of the ___________ organisms in a specific
area. These systems are the plants and animals interacting with their
non-living environments (weather, Earth, Sun, soil, atmosphere).
8 An ecosystem's ____________ depends on the energy that moves in
and out of that system. A biome is a large area on the Earth's surface
that is defined by the types of animals and plants living there. Biomes
don't just start and stop when they border each other. They all have
transition zones that have characteristics of both sides. They are often
9 ____________ seen because one biome (for example, a forest) changes
10 __________ into another biome (the cliffs of a mountain).
Total: _____ (10= 1x10))
Выберите из предложенных вариантов ответа наиболее подходящий и обведите
соответствующую букву.
1. I …... to school by bus every day, but today I ..…. .
a) go, am walking b) am going, walk c) go, walk
2. I …... the camera if it …... not expensive.
a) will buy , will be b) will buy, is c) will buy, be
3.-My mother ...... a teacher for 15 years already. –Oh! When …… she …... teaching?
a) has been, did start b) is, did start c) was, did start
4. Jessica ...... cook dinner. Her mother does it for the whole family.
a) has to b) mustn’t c) doesn’t have to
5. I ...... maths yesterday when my friend …… me to invite for his birthday party.
a) did, was calling b) have done, called c) was doing, called.
6. I think a Volvo is …… as a Renault.
a) as comfortable b)more comfortable c) less comfortable
7. Alex called for a taxi after he …… his suitcase.
a) packed
b) had packed c) was packing
8. I am sorry about it, but …… nothing I can do right now.
a) it is b) there is
c) there are
9. This room …… only for guests.
a) uses b) is using c)is used
10. Please, stay with me. I don’t want you …… .
a) go b) to go c) going
11. Ann wanted to know …… in Moscow.
a) if I had always lived b) had I always lived c) did I always live
12. The money …… on the table. Take…… .
a) are, them
b) is, them
c) is, it
13. This is …… theatre in London.
a) the eldest
b) the oldest
c) an older
14. Give me your photo and I will give you …… .
a) my b) mine c) me
15. Could you tell me …… time, please? –– It’s …… qurter to four.
a) a, a
b) the, the c) the, a
16. There isn’t …… milk left.
a) no
b) some
c) any
17. There …… a table and two chairs in the room.
a) am
b) is
c) are
18. I know English …… .
a) good enough
b) well enough
c) enough good
19. I havent’ got …… time.
a) much b) many c) a lot
20. …… your watch keep good time? –– No, …… five minutes slow.
a) does, it’s b) do they’re c) are, they do
Total: _____ (10=0,5x20))
SUM ________________ (40=10+10+10+10)