1232624

Synthèse comportementale basée sur l’ordonnancement
Z. Sugar
To cite this version:
Z. Sugar.
Synthèse comportementale basée sur l’ordonnancement.
Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble - INPG, 2000. Français. �tel00163733�
HAL Id: tel-00163733
https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00163733
Submitted on 18 Jul 2007
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Modèle
comportemental
Ordonnancement
Synthèse
comportementale
traditionnelle
Allocation
de ressources
Association
de ressources
Synthèse au niveau
transfert de registres
Portes logiques
Synthèse au niveau
transfert de registres
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Coprocesseur
FUn
Controleur
FU1
Contraintes
...
Reseau de communication
Process
variabl
subtyp
begin
wait un
loop
a :
if
end
end
Description
comportementale
ÅÅ
Outil de
synthèse
comportementale
Compilation
S15
OP[5-6]
Représentations internes
S16
a
b
c
d
w
r1
r2
Description
RTL
Process
variabl
subtyp
begin
wait un
loop
a :
if
end
end
...
1
S15
2
=
=
w
S16
5
7
r
6
R1
3
4
S17
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+ 82(*Y(!<3k:3 .1!`)%3'@POòI982 + -.h88_<!<@J.1:!#($&PLM_<w&:I9&:"i=;6a+(!`'Ž=:3)O+\[email protected]=(;H8^(K&:\]%$
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3)=8M3)\P&:=$g .h"!#(1$&,8_`*&'@P(;H8_<%7nP&=Lc8M_<*&'(*C;?(!`$&'.+.h8)\=P&,4"(*&'_#P&'+(1;.1!`$P&
+ -.h88_<!<@J.1:!#($ j
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$=_`_#a+M]ý›($ˆV>=*;6=$M$ˆ+.1$&A_#.‹*=_`_#[email protected]=($g"3"_#\=P&,8.13A*$ˆ@=(;H8)%*3F(3"+M!<$.1!<3"L
_#P&p!<$&:"3:*@=:!#($&Ÿ&:($gŸ&"\=_<[email protected]%"!#(1$$\P=&82(*3p*$“%7n\[email protected]=*:!#($a&"\P‹*%$g"!#%_<_<j{>$|[13 .18G
+kÔ*[email protected]=($g"3)1_#'P&D“*M$6[13 .18Gv ÒÍÓÕÔ·Ö ×FØÚه›( ۍ_<P&&"(1;6;6="&@P(3:3)P&D8^(1$+.1$g~4
@PO‹*F_e-f($Z.1882=_`_#,+P&0_<([email protected]=&+F0c.1&"w=k_<P&'.13"@P&+M\[email protected]=3:!<Y=$g'_#AÔ*[email protected]=($g"3)1_#j
{>$0_#([email protected]+M0c.&"k=&:›*$k&:\P‹*%[email protected]>+ -ƒ!<$&D"3"*@="!<($&[email protected]($g)%$c.1$g“.1*@%*$k!<$&:"3:*@%q
"!#(1$?+'@=($g"3)1_#j‡NF.1$&“@P%")>&"[email protected]=:!#($ŒLg_#=&0_#([email protected]&›+k0c.&:>$,&:($g~8_`*&›@P($&:!#+M\=3)\=&
@P(;H;?w+MP&'&"(;H;6=)&=L;.h!#&@)Gc.1‹g* !`$&::3"*@%"!#(1$d3)=8M3)\P&:=$g) *$C&"(;H;?%Jj
T~Gc.18!`"3)]ÇnjMse$9:3)(9+M*@%"!#(1$54}_™.|&DIg$9:GiP&:[email protected]=(;682(3:)=;6=$g).1_#
VHDL
ÅÛ
Graphe de flux de contrôle
e01
v1
e11
w
e12
wait until start = ’1’
and rising_edge(clk);
while start = ’1’ loop
if sel = ’1’ then
cnt_1 := cnt_1 + 1;
else
cnt_2 := cnt_2 + 1;
end if;
wait until rising_edge(clk);
end loop;
v2
e62
e23
v3
e35
e34
v4
v5
=
=
e46
e56
v6
a)
e66
e2?
w
b)
!#[1*3)OÇ9jÈM’“uF3 .h8GO+wÔ*M7b+M @=($g"3"_#
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ñFãà«â»æ³òó*êýêFþ+â?îƒà"û›æ±ç;èÈé«êÚãæ;á·ê+à«âÝvÒÍÓÔ»Ö~×FØ_ÙFÿ6ã
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ŀ
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8^(*MYK($&àqe$(1*&6\=[.1_<=;6=$g}@P(1$&:!<+\=3"=3_#=&.13)@=&[email protected]=(;H;??*M$d3)=8M3)\P&:=$g .h"!#(1$À+=&
+\[email protected]=&A+O+(1$$\P=&'=$g"3" _<P&k+M!`YK=3"&"=&,(82\=3).1"!<($&‹*!p+M\=)%3";H!<$%$gk_#F8c.hq
3 .1_`_#\=_`!#&D;?>='_#=&'&"\P‹*%[email protected]=&A+=&,(18^\%3 .1:!#($&=j
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VHDL
ÅtÖ
Graphe de flux de données
a
r1 := a + b;
r2 := c + d;
r := r1 * r2;
b
c
d
r2
r1
r
!#[*M3)OÇnj Õ ’“uF3 .18MGO+wÔ*M7b+O+(1$$\P=&
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ùà
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A ÖÍ
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A Ÿ
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Mode d’ordonnancement des pas d’exécutions
Mode pour
les entrées/sorties
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Mode des macro-états
Mode des états
comportementaux
E/S fixes
1. En un cycle
E/S fixes
2. Macros
E/S fixes
3. Comportementaux
E/S fixes
5. Macros
E/S flottantes
6. Comportementaux
E/S flottantes
E/S flottantes
4. En un cycle
E/S flottantes
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les entrées/sorties
Mode en un cycle
Mode des macro-états
Mode des états
comportementaux
E/S fixes
1. En un cycle
E/S fixes
2. Macros
E/S fixes
3. Comportementaux
E/S fixes
5. Macros
E/S flottantes
6. Comportementaux
E/S flottantes
E/S flottantes
4. En un cycle
E/S flottantes
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Macro-Etat 1
wait until rising_edge (clk);
if in1 < 100
then
var := calcul (...);
wait until rising_edge (clk);
else
wait until rising_edge (clk);
end if;
c
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Macro-Etat 2
Á %ž
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wait until rising_edge (clk);
2/+vW+:Ő="8-&Q'c‘W8-0A/""+&L)+1FJ-#+3#(/&
while var1 < 100 loop
(/ß7-&%'A/:+2/+”Ý/(*Žà2/+2/8-*$+m+!
...
wait until rising_edge (clk);
2/+Ò?8-=!)&)q-+',1b4M8-&%2/8'/J'?+0+=!s2/+
...
end loop;
FR8-(/?+ "0AB89)+V(/‰`!Š<D"+}254M$?&)"!#(/&%+
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A/"(}&)+`!)&%+"=!G
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Process
variabl
subtyp
begin
wait un
loop
a :
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end
Spécification
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Partitionnement
Process
variabl
subtyp
begin
wait un
loop
a :
if
end
end
Descriptions
comportementales
Correspondance
entre les descriptions
comportementale et
celles RTL
Synthèse
basée sur
l’ordonncement
Simulation
comportementale
d1
ack
1
2
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Descriptions
RTL
clk
Comparaison
Simulation
RTL
Process
variabl
subtyp
begin
wait un
loop
a :
if
end
end
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Procedure Read_Ram_Nrt (...) Is
Begin
Cs_grt <= ’0’;
Grt_addr <= Address;
rw_grt <= ’1’; Oe_grt <= ’0’;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
Rw_grt <= ’0’; Oe_grt <= ’1’;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
Grt1 := Dout_grt (16 Downto 6);
Grt2 := Dout_grt (1);
Grt3 := Dout_grt (0);
End Read_Ram_Nrt;
...
Main_Loop: Loop
...
Read_Ram_Nrt (Addr_nrt, ...);
If DC = 16#000# Then
Aux_pt := Nrt_pt;
Else
Addr_nrt := Nrt_pt;
Addr_grt := Gn_nrt;
Aux_pt := FFL;
Loop_1: While DC /= 16#000# Loop
...
If Fe_nrt = ’0’ Then
Aux_pt := Aux_pt + 1;
Addr_nrt := Addr_nrt + 1;
Else
Aux_pt := Addr_nrt;
End If;
DC := DC - 1;
End Loop Loop_1;
End If;
DC := DC + 1;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
...
End Loop Main_Loop;
(a)
...
Cs_grt <= ’0’; Rw_grt <= ’1’;
Oe_grt <= ’0’; Grt_addr <= Address;
S15
Rw_grt <= ’0’; Cs_grt <= ’1’;
S16
(DC = 16#000#) :
Aux_pt := Nrt_pt
DC := DC + 1;
Grt1 := Dout_grt (16 Downto 6);
Grt2 := Dout_grt (1);
Grt3 := Dout_grt (0);
(DC /= 16#000#) :
Addr_nrt := Nrt_pt;
Addr_grt := Gn_nrt;
Aux_pt := FFL;
IF
DC = 16#000#
WHILE
DC /= 16#000#
(Fe_nrt /= ’0’) :
Aux_pt := Addr_nrt;
DC := DC - 1;
(Fe_nrt = ’0’) :
Aux_pt := Aux_pt + 1;
Addr_nrt := Addr_nrt + 1;
DC := DC - 1;
IF
Fe_nrt = ’0’
DC := DC + 1;
S17
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Mode d’ordonnancement des pas d’exécutions
Mode pour
les entrées/sorties
Mode en un cycle
Mode des macro-états
Mode des états
comportementaux
E/S fixes
1. En un cycle
E/S fixes
2. Macro
E/S fixes
3. Comportementaux
E/S fixes
5. Macro
E/S flottantes
6. Comportementaux
E/S flottantes
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E/S flottantes
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Cs_grt <= ’0’; Rw_grt <= ’1’;
Oe_grt <= ’0’; Grt_addr <= Address;
OP[1-4]
S15
Rw_grt <= ’0’; Cs_grt <= ’1’;
OP[5-6]
S16
OP[7-9]
Grt1 := Dout_grt (16 Downto 6);
Grt2 := Dout_grt (1);
Grt3 := Dout_grt (0);
OP[13-14]
(DC = 16#000#) :
Aux_pt := Nrt_pt
DC := DC + 1;
OP[10-12]
(DC /= 16#000#) :
Addr_nrt := Nrt_pt;
Addr_grt := Gn_nrt;
Aux_pt := FFL;
IF
DC = 16#000#
(Fe_nrt /= ’0’) :
Aux_pt := Addr_nrt;
DC := DC - 1;
WHILE
DC /= 16#000#
OP[15-16]
(Fe_nrt = ’0’) :
Aux_pt := Aux_pt + 1;
Addr_nrt := Addr_nrt + 1;
DC := DC - 1;
OP[17-19]
OP[20]
IF
DC := DC + 1;
Fe_nrt = ’0’
S17
...
S15
S16
S16
S16
OP[1-4]
OP[5-6]
OP[7-9]
OP[7-9]
OP[7-9]
S15
S16
1
1
1
1
2
OP[13-14]
OP[10-12]
OP[10-12]
6
S17
S16
3
OP[20]
2
S17
OP[17-19]
OP[7-9]
1
4
7
8
2
2
2
OP[15-16]
OP[17-19]
OP[15-16]
OP[10-12]
5
9
OP[20]
S17
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VHDL:
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C1
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a
a := b + c + d
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b
b
c
a
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clk
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a
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10
a := in1 + 1;
If a < 10 Then
b := c;
Else
b := d;
End If
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c
d
:=
a
c
:=
d
b
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10
b
clk
in1
1
in1
1
1
10
10
a
a
c
d
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d
c
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When ST_schedul_47 =>
C_H_A_I_N_E_D_67 := Dout_Grt (16 Downto 6);
Next_Gn_Grt <= C_H_A_I_N_A_D_67;
Next_Sg <= Dout_Grt (1);
C_H_A_I_N_E_D_68 := Dout_Grt (0);
Next_Ri <= C_H_A_I_N_E_D_68;
If C_H_A_I_N_E_D_68 = ’0’ Then
C_H_A_I_N_E_D_69 := C_H_A_I_N_E_D_67;
Next_Addr_Grt <= C_H_A_I_N_E_D_69;
Next_Cs_Grt <= ’0’;
Next_Grt_Addr <= C_H_A_I_N_E_D_69;
Next_Rw_Grt <= ’1’;
Next_Oe_Grt <= ’0’;
NEXT_STATE_schedul <= ST_schedul_48;
Else
Next_Cs_Grt <= ’0’;
Next_Grt_Addr <= Addr_Grt;
Next_Rw_Grt <= Addr_Grt;
Next_Oe_Grt <= ’0’;
NEXT_STATE_schedule <= ST_schedul_50;
End If;l
When ST_schedul_48 =>
Next_Rw_Grt <= ’0’;
Next_Cs_Grt <= ’1’;
NEXT_STATE_schedul <= ST_schedule_49;
When ST_schedul_49 =>
C_H_A_I_N_E_D_70 := Dout_Grt (16 Downto 6);
Next_Gn_Grt <= C_H_A_I_N_E_D_70;
Next_Sg <= Dout_Grt (1);
C_H_A_I_N_E_D_71 := Dout_Grt (0);
Next_Ri <= C_H_A_I_N_E_D_71;
C_H_A_I_N_E_D_70 := C_H_A_I_N_E_D_71 + 1;
Next_Gn_Grt <= C_H_A_I_N_E_D_70;
If C_H_A_I_N_E_D_71 = ’0’ Then
C_H_A_I_N_E_D_72 := C_H_A_I_N_E_D_70;
Next_Addr_Grt <= C_H_A_I_N_E_D_72;
Next_Cs_Grt <= ’0’;
End If;
Procedure Read_Ram_Grt2 (...) Is
Begin
Cs_Grt <= ’0’;
Grt_Addr <= Adresse;
Rw_Grt <= ’1’;
Oe_Grt <= ’0’;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
Rw_Grt <= ’0’;
Cs_Grt <= ’1’;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
Grt1 := Dout_Grt (16 Downto 6);
Grt2 := Dout_Grt (1);
Grt3 := Dout_Grt (0);
End Read_Ram_Grt2;
Main_Loop: Loop
...
Else --(FE = ’1’)
....
While RI = ’0’ Loop
Addr_Grt := Gn_Grt;
Read_Ram_Grt2 (Addr_Grt,
Gn_Grt, SG, RI);
Gn_Grt := Gn_Grt + 1;
End Loop;
...
End If;
...
End Loop Main_Loop;
b.) code au niveau transfert de registres
a.) code comportemental
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Procedure Read_Ram_Nrt (...) Is
Begin
Cs_grt <= ’0’;
Grt_addr <= Address;
rw_grt <= ’1’; Oe_grt <= ’0’;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
Rw_grt <= ’0’; Oe_grt <= ’1’;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
Grt1 := Dout_grt (16 Downto 6);
Grt2 := Dout_grt (1);
Grt3 := Dout_grt (0);
End Read_Ram_Nrt;
...
Main_Loop: Loop
...
Read_Ram_Nrt (Addr_nrt, ...);
If DC = 16#000# Then
Aux_pt := Nrt_pt;
Else
Addr_nrt := Nrt_pt;
Addr_grt := Gn_nrt;
Aux_pt := FFL;
Loop_1: While DC /= 16#000# Loop
...
If Fe_nrt = ’0’ Then
Aux_pt := Aux_pt + 1;
Addr_nrt := Addr_nrt + 1;
Else
Aux_pt := Addr_nrt;
End If;
DC := DC - 1;
End Loop Loop_1;
End If;
DC := DC + 1;
Wait Until Rising_Edge (Clk);
...
End Loop Main_Loop;
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VHDL au niveau
transfert de registres
codage au niveau
transfert de registres
Jeu de tests
¢
synthèse au niveau
transfert de registres
Portes logiques
SIMULATION
Placement & routage
synthèse au niveau
transfert de registres
Portes logiques
Equipe au niveau transfert de registres
spécification
Equipe de la spécification
Equipe comportementale
codeage au niveau
comportemental
VHDL au niveau
comportemental
SIMULATION
synthèse
comportemental
Jeu de tests
VHDL au niveau
transfert de registres
SIMULATION
Placement & routage
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<Ë
Conception
au niveau
transfert de registres
Description
Conception
comportementale
VHDL
comportemental
3200 lignes
VHDL
transfert de registres
9311 lignes
10250
Nombre de
portes logique
28500 portes
27000 portes
Nombre de
modules
7 modules
15 modules
Effort de conception
(personnes/mois)
8
25
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3œ
niveau spécification
PARTITIONNEMENT
R1
G1
B1
niveau comportemental
Validation B
OK?
SYNTHESE COMPORTEMENTALE
contraintes
G2
R2
niveau transfert de registres
Validation R
OK?
SYNTHESE AU NIVEAU
TRANSFER DE REGISTRES
contraintes
G3
niveau des portes logiques
Validation G
OK?
ROUTAGE
niveau phisyque
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Lignes de code
comportemental
Module
Synthèse comportementale
traditionnelle
Lignes de code
au niveau transfert
de registres
Nouvelle synthèse
comportementale
Lignes de code
Nombre de Chemin critique
au niveau transfert
portes logique
(ns)
de registres
Nombre de Chemin critique
portes logique
(ns)
Scheduler
781
4176
5060
19.57
1476
4350
13.82
Sender
621
3267
3930
18.31
1289
3840
16.46
ABR_SA
425
3765
3220
18.76
952
3440
14.35
Time unit
115
985
730
16.14
209
800
13.25
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Module
HME
Lignes de code
comportemental
290
Synthèse comportementale
traditionnelle
×Õ3Õ
Nouvelle synthèse
comportementale
Lignes de code
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Nombre de
portes logique
Chemin critique
(ns)
Lignes de code
au niveau transfert
de registres
Nombre de
portes logique
Chemin critique
(ns)
6021
7850
11.19
538
4200
8.49
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C
SDL
×Õ×
VHDL
Cosimulation : Vérification au niveau système
Système
Synthèse
au niveau système
logiciel
Comportemental
Génération
du code C
Transfert de registres
C
C
matériel
Ordonnancement
IF
VHDL
Validation de l’architecture
Compilateur
Synthèse RTL
Portes
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Machine d’états finis initiale
Graphe de flux de contrôle
Procédure
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