JP2000019296

Patent Translate
Powered by EPO and Google
Notice
This translation is machine-generated. It cannot be guaranteed that it is intelligible, accurate,
complete, reliable or fit for specific purposes. Critical decisions, such as commercially relevant or
financial decisions, should not be based on machine-translation output.
DESCRIPTION JP2000019296
[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a
material activation apparatus, and more particularly, to a conductive metal layer between a
substance to be activated and radiation generating means for generating radiation to be
irradiated to the substance. The present invention relates to a substance activation device which
is improved so that the substance can be efficiently activated by interposing.
[0002]
2. Description of the Related Art Heretofore, various techniques have been proposed to improve
combustion efficiency by irradiating the intake air of an internal combustion engine with
radiation for activation.
[0003]
For example, in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 52-131024, "an ionizing element made of a
radioactive substance which irradiates a weak dose of alpha rays, beta rays, etc. is disposed in a
pipe line for mixing air and fuel supplied to the engine. The installed vaporizer with ionization
element is described.
In the present invention, as shown in FIG. 6, an annular ionizing element 2 obtained by
processing a radioactive substance with a non-absorbing synthetic resin is stretched on the inner
11-05-2019
1
wall surface of the vaporizer main body 1 and the outside of the vaporizer main body 1 The wall
is surrounded by a radiation-proof layer 3 of lead or the like. The portion 4 in contact with the
intake air of the ionization element 2 is formed in a bowl shape to increase the contact area
between the ionization element 2 and the intake air.
[0004]
Also, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 53-16118 discloses a technique for applying a
paint layer for irradiating radiation such as alpha rays, beta rays, and gamma rays on the inner
wall surface of an outside air suction pipe of an engine. It is done. At the same time, as shown in
FIG. 7, inside the air cleaner 6 disposed inside the intake pipe 5, tritium having a activity of 100
millicuries is ionized in a foil shape with a thickness of 0.3 mm and a height of 10 mm. There is
also disclosed a technique for suspending the foil 7 at a suspension line 8.
[0005]
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In any of the above-described conventional techniques, the
radioactive substance is placed in the intake pipe of the engine and activated by bringing the
intake air of the engine into direct contact with the radioactive substance. It is to try. However,
the time for which the intake air of the engine contacts the above-described ionizing element 2
and the ionizing foil 7 becomes shorter in inverse proportion to the increase in engine speed. As
a result, in the above-described prior art, the intake air of the engine is less activated by the
radioactive material, and the effect is not significantly exhibited.
[0006]
Further, since the above-mentioned prior art arranges the ionizing element 2 or the ionizing foil
7 in the intake channel of the engine, it becomes a resistance when the engine sucks air, rather
the output of the engine Lower the
[0007]
Further, when the above-described ionizing element 2 or ionizing foil 7 is disposed in the exhaust
pipe of the engine and brought into direct contact with the exhaust gas of the engine, the ionizing
element 2 or ionizing foil 7 is generated by the heat of the exhaust gas. It will be damaged.
11-05-2019
2
Thus, the conventional substance activation device described above can not be used to activate
the exhaust gas of the engine.
[0008]
Therefore, the object of the present invention is to solve the problems of the above-mentioned
prior art, and activate the substances such as combustion air sucked by the engine and
combustion exhaust gas discharged by the engine very efficiently. An object of the present
invention is to provide a material activation device that can
[0009]
[Means for Solving the Problems] In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the substance
activation device according to claim 1 of the present invention comprises a substance to be
activated, and radiation generation for irradiating the substance with radiation. A conductive
metal layer is interposed between the means.
[0010]
That is, according to the present invention, "The activation effect of the substance by the
radiation is greatly enhanced by interposing the conductive metal layer between the substance to
be activated and the radiation generating means for generating the radiation irradiating the
substance. Based on the discovery that
It is necessary to await further study to fully explain such effects, but the charge generated when
the substance is ionized by irradiation with radiation charges the conductive metal part to cause
an electric field. It is currently believed that such phenomena occur as a result of the interaction
between the electric field and the magnetic field thus generated and the ionized substance, as
well as the generation of a magnetic field.
It has been found that the higher the specific gravity of the metal layer, the higher the activation
level of the substance. In any case, by activating the combustion air and combustion exhaust gas
of the automobile engine using the substance activation device according to the present
invention, the fuel consumption at the time of high speed traveling at a speed of 100 km / h can
be maximized. It has been experimentally confirmed that the reduction was about 40% and the
11-05-2019
3
carbon dioxide contained in the exhaust gas was reduced by up to 20%.
[0011]
Further, according to the present invention, a conductive metal layer is interposed between the
substance to be activated and the radiation generating means. Therefore, for example, when
utilizing the intake pipe or exhaust pipe of the engine as a conductive metal layer, the radiation
generating means can be disposed outside the intake pipe or exhaust pipe of the engine. As a
result, the radiation generating means does not resist air intake by the engine and is not
damaged by the high temperature exhaust gas.
[0012]
In the material activation apparatus according to the second aspect of the present invention, the
radiation generating means is laminated on a conductive metal plate. Therefore, even if the
tubular member forming the flow path through which the combustion air flows is made of a nonmetallic material such as a polymer material, such as an air intake duct of an automobile engine,
for example, on this tubular member By winding the device according to claim 2 of the present
invention, not only can a metal layer be formed around the activated combustion air, but also the
layer of radiation generating means is arranged and fixed on the outside of this metal layer be
able to.
[0013]
On the other hand, in the device according to the third aspect of the present invention, the
conductive metal member forming the flow path through which the substance to be activated
flows is used as it is as the metal layer. That is, for example, an intake pipe, an exhaust pipe, a
cylinder block or the like of a car is generally formed of a conductive metal such as steel or
aluminum. Therefore, by holding the radiation generating means on the surface on the other side
of this metal member, it is possible to efficiently activate the substance flowing on one side of
this member.
[0014]
11-05-2019
4
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Embodiments of the substance activation
device according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 1 to
5. Here, FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the structure of the substance activation device
according to the first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view
showing a state in which the device shown in FIG. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a state
in which the substance activating device of the second embodiment according to the present
invention is attached to an exhaust pipe, and FIG. 5 is a third embodiment according to the
present invention It is sectional drawing which shows the state which attached the substance
activation apparatus of the form to the cylinder block.
[0015]
First Embodiment First, the substance activation apparatus according to the first embodiment
will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3.
[0016]
As shown in FIG. 1, the substance activating device 10 of the first embodiment is obtained by
laminating a radioactive substance as a radiation generating means together with a belt-like
metal plate.
The radioactive substance layer 11 is formed by molding a monazite powder that emits a weak
dose of radiation into a band plate shape using a synthetic resin that does not absorb the
radiation. Further, below the radioactive substance layer 11, strip-shaped copper plates 12 and
13 as metal plates having conductivity are laminated. On the other hand, a band plate-like lead
plate 14 for blocking radiation is laminated on the upper side of the radioactive substance layer
11, and on the upper side, the same copper plate 15 as the copper plates 12 and 13 described
above is laminated. There is. The radioactive substance layer 11, the copper plates 12 and 13,
the lead plate 14 and the copper plate 15 are crimped in a relatively slidable state using the
rivets 16.
[0017]
The material activation device 10 of the first embodiment assembled in this manner is, as shown
in FIG. 2, the two-sheet stack described above on the air duct D made of a polymer material of an
11-05-2019
5
automobile engine. The copper plates 12 and 13 are wound in close contact with each other.
Then, a metal layer is formed on the duct D by the double copper plates 12 and 13, and a
radioactive substance layer 11 is further formed on the outside of the metal layer.
[0018]
Thus, the radiation of about 100 millisieverts emitted by the radioactive substance layer 11 acts
on the intake air flowing in the duct D to ionize it. At the same time, the charge generated during
this ionization charges the metal layers 12 and 13 to generate an electric field and a magnetic
field, and the electric field and the magnetic field thus generated act on the ionized intake air to
activate the intake air. Significantly promote Then, when the air thus activated is supplied into
the cylinder of the automobile engine (not shown), it is sufficiently mixed with the fuel injected
into the cylinder, so the combustion efficiency of the fuel in the cylinder is greatly enhanced. The
reduction of the fuel consumption rate and the purification of the exhaust gas can be promoted.
[0019]
That is, according to the substance activation device 10 of the first embodiment, the conductive
metal layer and the radioactive substance layer can be simultaneously formed by winding around
the outside of the duct D of the automobile engine. . And since the attachment is sufficient only
by winding around the duct D, the attachment work can be performed extremely easily
regardless of the shape of the duct D. In addition, since the metal layer is formed of the two
copper plates 12 and 13 laminated in a mutually slidable manner, a metal layer having a
sufficient thickness can be formed without making the mounting operation difficult due to the
bending rigidity thereof. it can. Furthermore, since the substance activation device 10 of the first
embodiment is attached to the outside of the duct D, it does not become a resistance when the
engine sucks air. In addition, it can replace with a copper plate and can also use a brass plate and
a steel plate as a metal layer.
[0020]
Second Embodiment Next, with reference to FIG. 4, the substance activation device 20 of the
second embodiment will be described in detail.
[0021]
11-05-2019
6
As shown in FIG. 4, the substance activating device 20 of the second embodiment utilizes the
exhaust pipe EP of an automobile molded from a steel pipe which is a conductive metal as it is as
a conductive metal layer. It is
That is, around the exhaust pipe EP, a pair of upper and lower semi-cylindrical holding members
21 and 22 is fixed by tightening the flanges 21 a and 22 a with each other with a bolt B. And, in
the gap formed between the exhaust pipe EP and the holding members 21 and 22, powder 23 of
monazite as a radioactive substance layer is sealed in a sealed state using a heat-resistant seal
(not shown).
[0022]
Thus, the effect of the radiation emitted by the monazite 23 toward the exhaust gas of the
automobile engine flowing in the exhaust pipe EP is greatly enhanced by the metal layer formed
by the exhaust pipe EP. Therefore, compounds such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or
nitrogen oxides contained in the exhaust gas flowing in the exhaust pipe EP are ionized by
radiation and at the same time the electric field generated by the exhaust pipe EP as a conductive
metal layer And are sent to the catalytic device in a highly activated state by the magnetic field
and cleaned very efficiently.
[0023]
That is, since the substance activation device 20 of the second embodiment utilizes the exhaust
pipe EP itself of the automobile as the conductive metal layer, it can be used as it is without
replacing the existing parts of the automobile. be able to. Further, since the substance activation
device 20 of the second embodiment is provided with the radioactive substance layer 23 outside
the exhaust pipe EP of the automobile, the radioactive substance layer 23 is damaged by the
influence of the high temperature exhaust gas. I have not. It goes without saying that the
substance activation device 20 of the second embodiment can be applied not only to the exhaust
pipe EP of the automobile but also to the intake pipe.
[0024]
Third Embodiment Next, the combustion air and combustion exhaust gas material activation
device 30 of the third embodiment will be described in detail with reference to FIG.
11-05-2019
7
[0025]
As shown in FIG. 5, the substance activation device 30 of the third embodiment is to use the
cylinder block CB of the automobile engine which is a conductive metal as it is as a conductive
metal layer. .
That is, on the surface of the cylinder block CB, monazite powder 33 held in a sealed state by the
pair of upper and lower holding members 31 and 32 is fixed by the bolt B. The holding member
32 in close contact with the cylinder block CB is preferably formed of a conductive metal
material such as steel.
[0026]
Thus, the effect of the radiation emitted by the monazite 33 is greatly amplified by the cylinder
block CB and the holding member 32 forming the conductive metal layer, so that the intake of
the automobile engine flowing in the cylinder block CB Air or exhaust gas can be activated
efficiently.
[0027]
That is, since the substance activation device 30 of the third embodiment utilizes the cylinder
block CB of the automobile engine as the conductive metal layer, the intake air of the automobile
engine flowing in the cylinder block CB or the intake air of the automobile engine Exhaust gas
can be activated efficiently.
Note that, instead of holding the radioactive substance using the holding member, the radioactive
substance may be filled and held inside the hollow portion penetrating the cylinder block CB.
[0028]
Fourth Embodiment The material activation apparatus of the present invention can be used not
only for the activation of combustion air and combustion exhaust gas of the engine described
11-05-2019
8
above, but also for the activation of various substances. Thus, in the fourth embodiment, the case
of activating air filled in a vehicle tire will be described.
[0029]
In the case of a general vehicle tire, a rubber tire mounted on the rim of a metal wheel is
expanded by the pressure of air, and the elasticity of rubber and air is used to obtain a buffer
action, and the tire and the road surface Drive and brake the vehicle using the friction that occurs
between When the tire is at rest, the pressure of air acting on the inner surface of the tire is
uniform, but when traveling is started, the flat deformation portion of the tire generated in the
contact portion moves in the direction opposite to the tire rotation direction. Along with this
movement, an air flow in the direction opposite to the rotational direction of the tire is generated
inside the tire. And the speed of this air flow increases with the increase of the number of
rotations of the tire. Furthermore, since the cross-sectional area of the flat deformation portion of
the tire is smaller than that of the other general portions, as the air flow velocity inside the tire
increases, the pressure difference between the air inside the tire before and after the flat
deformation portion increases. Increase.
[0030]
[0030] Such a pressure difference in the air inside the tire not only increases the rolling
resistance, but also contributes to the occurrence of the standing wave phenomenon, since it
hinders the restoring action of the flat deformation portion of the tire trying to restore. Become.
In addition, when the vehicle turns, the cross-sectional area of the flat deformation portion of the
tire is further reduced along with the movement of the center of gravity of the vehicle body, and
the pressure difference of the air inside the tire is further increased. Further promote At this
time, the tire tries to adjust the air pressure difference inside by the elasticity of its own, but
when a large load is loaded on the tire at high speed rotation, the air pressure difference can not
be adjusted by itself, eventually leading to a burst. . In addition, although the frictional noise
generated when the tire rolls on the road surface increases according to the contact area and the
number of rotations of the tire, when the flat deformation of the tire is promoted, the tire noise is
aggravated by generation of squeal and the like. In addition, when the flat deformation of the tire
is promoted, the turbulence generated at the rear of the tire at the time of high-speed traveling
(120 Km / h or more) becomes large, and the air resistance increases.
[0031]
11-05-2019
9
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the material activating device of the fourth
embodiment is between the air filled inside the tire and the radiation generating means for
generating the radiation to be irradiated to the air. In addition, it has a structure in which a
conductive metal wheel on which dirt is attached is interposed as a metal layer.
[0032]
That is, the air inside the tire is irradiated with radiation, ionizes, and flows smoothly inside the
tire.
As a result, the pressure difference of the air inside the tire generated before and after the flat
deformation portion of the tire is reduced, so that the restoring action of the flat deformation
portion of the tire to return to the original state is not hindered. Therefore, it is possible to
suppress the occurrence of a standing wave phenomenon, the occurrence of tire burst at high
speed rotation, and the increase in tire noise and air resistance at high speed traveling.
[0033]
Also, since the elasticity of the air inside the ionized tire is increased, the micro-scrubbing that
occurs between the tire and the road surface is reduced, the tire wear is also reduced, and when a
cross wind is received or severe. Increase the dynamic stability of the vehicle when driving is
done.
[0034]
Further, since the air inside the ionized tire does not amplify the friction noise of the tire, it is
possible to suppress an increase in tire noise.
[0035]
In addition, since the air inside the ionized tire always activates the rubber that forms the tire, it
is possible to prevent the deterioration of the tire and maintain its elasticity for a long time.
[0036]
Further, since the heat transfer coefficient of the air inside the ionized tire increases, the heat
generated by rolling on the road surface and the heat generated by the brake device at the time
of braking are efficiently aired through the tire. It can be dissipated into.
11-05-2019
10
[0037]
Fifth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the substance activation device of the present
invention to a shock absorber of a vehicle will be described.
[0038]
In a shock absorber which is a shock absorber of a vehicle, a type using a damping force
generated when oil or high pressure gas sealed in a cylinder passes through an orifice is
generally used.
However, since the variation in the surface accuracy of the orifice is inevitable in the
manufacture of the orifice, the quality of the buffer action can not be improved.
[0039]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activating device according to the fifth
embodiment irradiates the working fluid such as oil or high pressure gas sealed in a shock
absorber with the working fluid. A piston made of a conductive metal shock absorber housing or
an orifice is interposed as a metal layer between the radiation generating means for generating
the radiation.
[0040]
That is, when the substance activating device of the fifth embodiment is used, the oil and high
pressure gas sealed in the shock absorber can be ionized and can flow smoothly through the
orifice.
As a result, even if the surface accuracy of the orifice is uneven, the sealed oil or high pressure
gas can smoothly flow in the orifice, and the quality of the buffer action can be further improved.
In addition, since the ionized oil and high pressure gas not only improve their elasticity but also
11-05-2019
11
their durability, they can perform high-quality shock absorbing action over a long period of time.
[0041]
By providing a conductive metal layer and radiation generating means around a rubber bush
provided in a portion where such a shock absorbing device is attached to a vehicle body, the
elastic force of the rubber bush itself is improved and Deterioration can be prevented to further
enhance the impact cushioning effect.
[0042]
Sixth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the material activating device of the present
invention to a lubricating device for lubricating a sliding portion of a machine with oil will be
described.
[0043]
Chemically synthesized lubricating oils are used to reduce the friction between the sliding parts
of the machine metals, but such lubricating oils are adversely affected by heat, worn metal
powder, etc. Its lubricating ability and heat exchange ability gradually decline.
In addition, when metal wear debris accumulates on the oil filter, the oil passing ability
decreases, and the lubricating performance further decreases.
[0044]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activating apparatus of the sixth
embodiment generates a lubricating oil for lubricating the sliding portion of the machine and a
radiation for irradiating the lubricating oil. A conductive metal container for containing
lubricating oil or a conductive metal pipe through which lubricating oil flows is interposed as a
metal layer between the radiation generating means and the inside of the container.
[0045]
That is, by using the substance activating device of the sixth embodiment, the lubricating oil can
be efficiently ionized to make the film of the lubricating oil adhere to the surface of the metal to
11-05-2019
12
be lubricated.
As a result, the metal element such as molybdenum dispersed in the lubricating oil comes into
contact with the metal surface with certainty, the lubricating performance and the heat exchange
capability can be greatly improved, and the machine life can be extended.
In addition, since the ionized lubricating oil can flow smoothly between metal abrasion powder
and the like accumulated on the oil filter, not only the lubricating performance can be improved
while maintaining the performance of the oil filter, but also the oil pump Power loss by reducing
the burden of
[0046]
Seventh Embodiment Next, the case where the material activation apparatus of the present
invention is applied to an apparatus for cooling a heat generating part of a machine using a
cooling liquid will be described.
[0047]
For example, in an engine or the like, the coolant is pressurized and circulated to efficiently
remove heat generated by combustion from the cylinder block.
However, pressurizing and circulating the coolant not only imposes a load on the pump, but also
causes a leak from a connection part such as a pipe or a breakage of a hose.
[0048]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the material activating device of the seventh
embodiment is provided with a cooling liquid for cooling the heat generating portion of the
machine and a radiation for generating radiation for irradiating the cooling liquid. Between the
generating means, a conductive metal container for containing the coolant or a conductive metal
pipe through which the coolant flows is interposed as a metal layer.
[0049]
11-05-2019
13
That is, since the coolant can be ionized to form an ionized coolant layer on the inner wall
surface of the coolant circulation system by using the substance activation device of the seventh
embodiment, the heat transfer coefficient can be obtained. Not only can the cooling efficiency be
improved, but also the coolant becomes laminar and flows smoothly, and the circulation
resistance of the coolant is reduced.
As a result, the circulating pressure of the coolant can be reduced, so that not only the power loss
can be reduced by reducing the load on the pump, but also the leakage from the connecting part
such as a pipe or the breakage of the hose can be prevented. it can.
Furthermore, the layer of the ionized coolant can prevent corrosion of the coolant circulation
system and also has the effect of preventing deterioration of the rubber hose and the like.
[0050]
Eighth Embodiment Next, the case where the substance activation apparatus of the present
invention is applied to an apparatus for supplying liquid fuel to a combustion engine such as an
engine will be described.
[0051]
In general combustion, vaporized liquid fuel and oxygen are combined in the combustion
chamber to extract thermal energy, but in order to efficiently extract the energy from the liquid
fuel, the fuel and air may be used. It must be mixed well.
[0052]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activation apparatus according to the
eighth embodiment is provided with a fluid fuel to be supplied to a combustion engine and a
radiation generating means for generating radiation to be applied to the fluid fuel. And a
conductive metal fluid fuel container or a conductive metal pipe line through which the fluid fuel
flows is interposed as a metal layer.
[0053]
That is, using the substance activation device according to the eighth embodiment, the liquid fuel
11-05-2019
14
such as gasoline or light oil is ionized, and the particle diameter of the liquid fuel at the time of
atomization by injection from the fuel injection valve It can be miniaturized much more than in
the case.
Thus, the liquid fuel and the air can be sufficiently mixed in the combustion chamber, and the
heat energy of the liquid fuel can be sufficiently extracted.
The substance activation device according to the eighth embodiment can be applied not only to
liquid fuels such as gasoline and light oil, but also to gaseous fuels such as propane gas.
[0054]
Ninth Embodiment Next, the case where the material activation apparatus of the present
invention is applied to an exhaust gas purification apparatus for purifying the exhaust gas of an
engine will be described.
[0055]
The exhaust gas of the engine contains hydrocarbons such as carbon monoxide and carbon
dioxide.
Although these hydrocarbons can be released into the atmosphere as water or carbon dioxide by
complete combustion, such complete combustion is physically difficult, so various exhaust gas
purification devices such as catalyst devices etc. Must be used.
Furthermore, the flow of the exhaust gas discharged from the inside of the cylinder of the
internal combustion engine can not flow smoothly because of the resistance of the catalyst
device or the like, and the back pressure increases to hinder the increase of the output.
[0056]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activation apparatus according to the
ninth embodiment generates exhaust gas discharged from the combustion engine and radiation
generating radiation for irradiating the exhaust gas. Between the means, an exhaust gas purifier
made of a conductive metal is interposed as a metal layer.
11-05-2019
15
[0057]
That is, since the exhaust gas in contact with the metal surface of the exhaust gas purification
device is ionized by using the substance activation device of the ninth embodiment, the
purification operation of the exhaust gas is efficiently performed.
Further, since the exhaust gas can be smoothly flowed through the inside of the exhaust gas
purification device by being ionized, the exhaust gas smoothly flows and is discharged without
being affected by the resistance by the catalytic device.
Furthermore, the ionized exhaust gas also has the effect of preventing corrosion of the exhaust
gas purification device.
[0058]
Tenth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the material activation apparatus of the present
invention to a fluid flowing in a turbine will be described.
[0059]
In hydroelectric power generation, a rotational driving force is obtained by causing a working
fluid such as water in thermal power generation, water vapor in thermal power generation, and
oil in an automatic transmission of an automobile to act on a turbine blade.
However, the resistance generated on the turbine blade upon contact with the fluid increases as
the velocity of the fluid increases, thereby reducing the energy transfer capability from the fluid
to the turbine blade.
[0060]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activation apparatus of the tenth
11-05-2019
16
embodiment has a working fluid flowing into the turbine, and a radiation generating means for
generating radiation to be applied to the working fluid. Between the two, there is a structure in
which a conductive metal turbine blade or a casing that accommodates these turbine blades is
interposed as a metal layer.
Specifically, the radiation generating means is built in a hollow space formed inside a moving
blade or a stationary blade that constitutes a turbine.
[0061]
That is, using the material activation apparatus of the tenth embodiment, the working fluid
flowing into the turbine is ionized at the moment when it contacts the rotor blades or vanes of
the turbine, and a layer is formed on the rotor blades or vane surfaces. Since the flow is formed
to flow smoothly between the turbine blades, the resistance generated on the turbine blades can
be reduced, and the rotational driving force can be obtained with high efficiency.
[0062]
Eleventh Embodiment Next, the case where the material activation apparatus of the present
invention is applied to a slide bearing will be described.
[0063]
Oil lubricated slide bearings are classified into dynamic pressure type and static pressure type,
but in the case of the dynamic pressure type slide bearings, pressure is applied to the lubricating
fluid film interposed in the bearing clearance by the relative slide motion between the shaft and
the bearing. (Dynamic pressure) is generated to support the load by this pressure.
However, in this dynamic pressure type slide bearing, the higher the rotation speed of the shaft,
the higher the dynamic pressure, so the resistance of the bearing increases and eventually slight
vibrations occur.
[0064]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the material activating device of the eleventh
11-05-2019
17
embodiment generates a lubricating oil interposed in the bearing gap of the slide bearing and
radiation to be applied to the lubricating oil. Between the radiation generating means, a
conductive metal sliding bearing main body or a rotating shaft is interposed as a metal layer.
Specifically, the radiation generating means is built in the bearing main body forming the slide
bearing or the hollow space formed in the rotating shaft.
[0065]
That is, when the material activating device of the eleventh embodiment is used, the lubricating
oil present in the bearing gap is ionized and is in close contact with the metal surface of the
rotating shaft and the bearing as a film of the lubricating oil. The oil flows smoothly, and it is
possible not only to reduce the bearing resistance at high rotation but also to prevent the
occurrence of micro-vibration. In addition, since the metal surface of the rotating shaft and the
bearing can be reliably lubricated even at high revolutions, the wear of the sliding bearing can be
reduced. The substance activating device of the eleventh embodiment can be applied to the
transmission of an automobile or the gear of a differential gear in the same manner.
[0066]
Twelfth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the substance activation apparatus of the present
invention to a cooling apparatus such as an air conditioner will be described.
[0067]
For example, after a cooling device of an air conditioner or refrigerator vaporizes the refrigerant
in the evaporator and deprives the air from the air in the room or the refrigerator, the refrigerant
is compressed by the condenser and dissipated to the outside through the radiator. It has
become.
Therefore, in order to improve the cooling performance of the refrigerator or the air conditioner,
it is necessary to improve the heat exchange efficiency of the refrigerant in the evaporator.
[0068]
11-05-2019
18
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activating device of the twelfth
embodiment is between the refrigerant used in the cooling device and the radiation generating
means for generating the radiation to be irradiated to the refrigerant. An evaporator made of a
conductive metal or a pipe through which a refrigerant flows is interposed as a metal layer.
[0069]
That is, since the refrigerant in the evaporator is ionized and the film of the ionized refrigerant
adheres to the metal inner wall surface of the evaporator when the substance activation device of
the twelfth embodiment is used, the metal surface of the evaporator and the refrigerant The heat
exchange efficiency between can be significantly improved.
[0070]
Thirteenth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the substance activating apparatus of the
present invention to washing water will be described.
[0071]
For example, in general households, tap water is used as a detergent solvent for washing dishes
etc. However, in order to enhance the detergency, hot water must be used, and the cost of
utilities is high. is there.
[0072]
Therefore, in order to solve such a problem, the substance activating device according to the
thirteenth embodiment conducts electricity between the washing water and the radiation
generating means for generating the radiation to be applied to the washing water. It has a
structure in which a metal metal washing water storage container or a pipe line through which
the washing water flows is interposed as a metal layer.
[0073]
That is, using the substance activation device of the thirteenth embodiment, tap water used as
washing water can be efficiently ionized.
Further, in the ionized tap water, the surfactant of the detergent efficiently exhibits the active
action even at normal temperature, so the ability to wash dishes, laundry and the like can be
11-05-2019
19
significantly improved.
In addition, the ionized tap water also has the effect of preventing corrosion inside the water
pipe.
[0074]
Fourteenth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the material activating device of the present
invention to the bottom of a ship will be described.
[0075]
Although the bottom surface of the ship must regularly remove the adhesion of phytoplankton
and shellfish in order to reduce the frictional resistance during navigation, such removal work
requires a great deal of labor. Do.
[0076]
Therefore, in order to solve such a problem, the substance activating device of the fourteenth
embodiment conducts electricity between the water on which the vessel floats and the radiation
generating means for generating the radiation to be irradiated to the water. It has a structure in
which a metal-made metal bottom is interposed as a metal layer.
[0077]
That is, when the substance activating device of the fourteenth embodiment is used, a film of
ionized water is formed on the bottom surface of the ship to weaken the adhesion of
phytoplankton, shellfish and the like.
Thus, phytoplankton, shellfish, and the like attached to the bottom of the ship can be easily
removed by the water pressure generated when the ship travels.
In addition, since a film of ionized water is in close contact with the bottom surface of the ship, it
is possible to reduce the frictional resistance of water received by the ship at the time of
navigation.
11-05-2019
20
[0078]
Fifteenth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the substance activating device of the present
invention to an aircraft will be described.
[0079]
At the front end of the main wing of the aircraft, in order to prevent the moisture in the air from
freezing and adhering, an anti-icing device using an electric heater, hot air or the like is provided.
However, in the case of providing a high lift device such as a leading edge slat or the like for
increasing lift at takeoff and landing, it is difficult to provide an electrical wiring for the electric
heater and a hot air supply pipe.
[0080]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the material activating device of the fifteenth
embodiment comprises ice adhering to the surface of the wing of an aircraft, and radiation
generating means for generating radiation to be irradiated to the ice. Between the two, a
conductive metal main wing surface plate is interposed as a metal layer.
[0081]
That is, when the material activation device of the fifteenth embodiment is used, the portion of
the ice attached to the front edge of the main wing of the aircraft is ionized and melted, so that
the wind pressure received during flight It easily falls off the wing surface.
In addition, since the material activation device of the fifteenth embodiment does not require any
equipment such as electrical wiring and piping for hot air, it can be easily attached to the leading
edge of the wing even if a high lift device such as a leading edge slat is provided. be able to.
Furthermore, in addition to the effect of reducing the air resistance, the film of the ionized air is
in close contact with the surface of the main wing provided with the substance activation device
11-05-2019
21
of the fifteenth embodiment, so that the air flowing there is made laminar. , Also has the effect of
preventing the adhesion of ice.
[0082]
Sixteenth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the substance activating device of the present
invention to plants will be described.
[0083]
Although water containing nutrients is required for growth of plants in addition to sunlight and
carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the amount of water absorbed from the roots of plants for
promoting the growth of plants Need to increase.
However, in the prior art, it has stopped to such an extent that the absorbed quantity can be
increased to some extent by raising the temperature of water.
[0084]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activating apparatus of the sixteenth
embodiment comprises water containing nutrients to be supplied to a plant, and radiation
generating means for generating radiation to be irradiated to the water. Between the two, a
conductive metal storage container made of conductive metal or a pipeline through which the
supply water flows is interposed as a metal layer.
[0085]
That is, using the substance activation device of the sixteenth embodiment, it is possible to ionize
water supplied to a plant and nutrients contained therein.
And since water and nutrients thus ionized are easily absorbed by the hair roots of plants, it is
possible to promote plant growth.
In addition, nitrogen compounds required by plants are produced when bacteria and enzymes
11-05-2019
22
decompose humus, but when ionized water is supplied by the substance activation device
according to the sixteenth embodiment, decomposition on the humus is It is promoted to
increase the formation of nitrogen compounds.
Thus, the growth of plants can be greatly promoted by the ionized water sufficiently dissolved
with such a nitrogen compound.
[0086]
Seventeenth Embodiment Next, the case where the substance activation apparatus of the present
invention is applied to a septic tank for treating dirty water will be described.
[0087]
For example, in a septic tank for treating human waste discharged from general households,
aerobic bacteria oxidize and decompose organic substances while taking in oxygen from the air.
Therefore, it is possible to process human waste efficiently by growing such aerobic bacteria.
[0088]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the material activation apparatus of the seventeenth
embodiment relates to aeration air to be supplied into the septic tank for treating sewage and
radiation to be applied to the aeration air. A conductive metal aeration air supply pump or a pipe
line through which aeration air flows is interposed as a metal layer between the radiation
generation means to be generated and the pump.
[0089]
That is, since the ionized air can be supplied into the septic tank by using the substance
activation device according to the seventeenth embodiment, aerobic bacteria that decompose
human waste can be activated to achieve higher efficiency. Sewage can be treated.
[0090]
Eighteenth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the substance activating apparatus of the
present invention to a spray coating apparatus will be described.
11-05-2019
23
[0091]
For example, when painting the body of an automobile, it is necessary to make the particle size of
the paint dispersed in the form of mist smaller in order to form a more homogeneous and highquality painted surface.
However, since the conventional spray coating apparatus has a structure in which the paint is
dispersed in the form of mist using air as it is, it is difficult to further reduce the particle size of
the dispersed paint.
[0092]
Therefore, in order to solve such problems, the substance activating apparatus of the eighteenth
embodiment uses compressed air used to spray and atomize paint, and radiation to be applied to
the compressed air. A conductive metal compressed air supply pump or a pipe line through
which compressed air flows is interposed as a metal layer between the generated radiation
generating means and the conductive metal compressed air supply pump.
[0093]
That is, since the paint is sprayed and atomized using compressed ionized air when the substance
activation device of the eighteenth embodiment is used, the mixing of the air and the paint is
promoted and the paint is atomized. Particle size can be further reduced.
Therefore, by using the spray coating apparatus to which the substance activating device of the
eighteenth embodiment is applied, it is possible to form a more homogeneous and high quality
coated surface.
[0094]
Nineteenth Embodiment Next, the case of applying the substance activating device of the present
invention to an acoustic speaker will be described.
11-05-2019
24
[0095]
The acoustic speaker vibrates air by electrically vibrating the speaker cone to generate a sound.
At this time, since the conventional speaker vibrates the air around it as it is, various attempts
have been made such as variously changing the material of the cone in order to produce a clearer
sound.
[0096]
Therefore, in order to solve such a problem, the substance activating device according to the
nineteenth embodiment comprises between the air around the speaker cone and the radiation
generating means for generating the radiation to be applied to the air. In addition, a conductive
metal speaker support member or a conductive metal housing for housing the speaker is
interposed as a metal layer.
[0097]
That is, since the air existing around the cone of the acoustic speaker is ionized by using the
substance activating device of the nineteenth embodiment, not only a clearer acoustic effect can
be obtained, but also It is possible to prevent deterioration and maintain excellent sound effects
over a long period of time.
[0098]
Although the embodiments of the substance activation device according to the present invention
have been described in detail above, it goes without saying that the present invention is not
limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications can be made.
For example, although the powder of monazite is used as the radiation generating means in the
embodiment described above, other radiation generating substances can be used within the
legally acceptable range.
[0099]
11-05-2019
25
As is apparent from the above description, the substance activating device of the present
invention is electrically conductive between the substance to be activated and the radiation
generating means for irradiating the substance with radiation. A metal layer is interposed.
Thereby, the radiation generated by the radiation generating means ionizes the substance
activated by the radiation, and the charge generated in the ionization charges the conductive
metal portion to generate an electric field and a magnetic field, and thus The generated electric
and magnetic fields interact with the ionized substance.
Therefore, according to the substance activation apparatus of the present invention, various
substances can be efficiently activated to exhibit excellent effects.
[0100]
Brief description of the drawings
[0101]
1 is a perspective view showing the structure of a substance activation device according to a first
embodiment of the present invention.
[0102]
2 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which the device shown in FIG. 1 is wound around a
duct.
[0103]
3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the main part of FIG.
[0104]
4 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which the substance activation device according to
the second embodiment of the present invention is attached to an exhaust pipe.
[0105]
5 is a cross-sectional view showing a state where the material activation device of the third
11-05-2019
26
embodiment according to the present invention is attached to a cylinder block.
[0106]
6 is a horizontal sectional view showing a state in which the substance activation device
described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 52-131024 is attached to the inside of a car's
vaporizer.
[0107]
7 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a state in which the substance activation device
described in JP-A-53-16118 is attached to the inside of an air cleaner of a car.
[0108]
Explanation of sign
[0109]
10 Material Activation Device 11 of the First Embodiment of the Present Invention Radioactive
Material Layer 12, 13 Conductive Metal Plate 14 Lead Plate 15 Metal Plate 16 Rivet 20 Material
Activation Device 21, 22 of Second Embodiment of the Present Invention Holding Member 23
radioactive substance EP exhaust pipe 30 substance activation device 31, 32 according to the
third embodiment of the present invention holding member 33 radioactive substance CB cylinder
block
11-05-2019
27