РАЗДЕЛ 1

1. The Present Perfect Tense
Упражнение 1. Закончите предложения, используя один из предложенных
глаголов во времени (have/has + 3-я форма глагола)
break, buy, finish, do, go, lose, go, paint, read, take
1. “Are they still having dinner?” “No, they have finished”.
2. I ___________________ (to buy) some new shoes. Do you want to see them?
3. “Is Tom here?” “No? he ___________________ (to go) to work”.
4. “___________you ______________ (to do) the shopping?
5. “Where’s your key?” “I don’t know. I _______________ (lose) it”.
6. “Look: Somebody _______________ (to break) that window”.
7. Your house looks different. __________ you ____________ (paint) it?
8. I can’t find my umbrella. Somebody ________________ (take) it?
9. I’m looking for Ann. Where ___________ she ____________ (go)?
10.
“Do you want the
newspaper?” “No, thanks. I ____________ (read) it”.
Упражнение 2. Напишите вопросы, начинающиеся со слов:
Have you ever…
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
(Paris) Have you ever been to Paris? No, never.
Have you ever played golf? Yes, many times.
(Australia) Have ____________________? No, never.
(lose/your passport) _________________? Yes, once.
(sleep/in a park) ______________________? No, never.
(eat/Chinese food) ______________________? Yes, a few times.
(New York) ___________________________? Yes, twice.
(win/a lot of money) _____________________? No, never.
(break/your leg) _______________________? Yes, once.
Упражнение 3. Закончите предложения.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Jill is in London. She has been in London since Monday.
I know George. I have known him for a long time.
They are married. They ______________ married since 1993.
John is ill. He ______________ ill for a week.
We live in this house. We ___________________ here for ten years.
I know Tom very well. I ____________him since we went to school together.
She has a headache. She _______________ a headache. Since she got up.
Упражнение 4. Составьте вопросы, начинающиеся со слов: How long?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
John is in London. How long has he been in London?
I know George. How long have you known him?
Mike and Ann are in Brasil. How long _______________?
My brother lives in Germany. _______________________
Bill is teacher. ______________________________________
I know Margaret. ___________________________________
I have a car. ________________________________________
8. Linda and Frank are married. ___________________________?
9. Ann works in London. ___________________________________?
Упражнение 5. Вставьте for или since.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
She’s been in London since Monday.
She’s been in London for four days.
Mike has been ill ________ a long time.
My aunt has lived in Australia _______ 15 years.
Nobody lives in these houses. They have been empty ______ many years.
Mrs Harris is in her office. She’s been there ___________ 7 o’clock.
Упражнение 6. Ответьте на вопросы. Используйте слова в скобках и for
или ago.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
(four days) When did he arrive in London? Four days ago.
(four days) How long has she been in London? For four days.
(20 years) How long have they been married? ________________
(20 years) When they did get married? _______________________
(ten minutes) When did John arrive? _________________________
(two months) When did you buy these shoes? _________________
(two months) How long has she been in Moscow? ______________
(a long time) How long have you known Jane? _________________
(an hour) What time did you have lunch? ______________________
Упражнение 7. Закончите предложения, используя for или since.
1. She is London now. She arrived there four days ago. She has been there
for four days.
2. Jack is here. He arrived here in Thursday. He has _____________________
3. I know Ann. I first met Ann two years ago. I’ve _________________________
4. I have a camera. I bought it in 1995. I’ve _______________________________
5. They are married. They got married six month ago. They’ve _____________
Упражнение 8. Используйте слова в скобках, отвечая на вопросы.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Have you ever lost your key? (yesterday) Yes, I lost it yesterday.
Have you seen Ann? (ten minutes ago) Yes, I _________ ten minutes ago.
Have you painted the gate? (last week) Yes, we ____________________ it.
Has Jane gone to France? (on Friday) Yes, she ______________________
Have they had dinner? (at 7 o’clock) _________________________________
Has he started his new work? (yesterday) ____________________________
Упражнение 9. Напишите вопросы, начинающиеся со слов: When…? What
time…?
1.
2.
3.
4.
They have arrived. What time did they arrive?
Bill has gone out. What time ________________
I’ve seen Carol. When _______________________
She’s left her job. When _____________________
Упражнение 10. В следующих предложениях укажите, правильны ли
формы подчеркнутых глаголов. Если форма неправильна, поставьте
нужную форму.
1. Tom arrived last week. – right
2. Have you seen Pam last week? – wrong. Надо: Did you see Pam last
week?
3. I have finished my work. _________________________________________
4. I have finished my work at 2 o’clock. ______________________________
5. When have you finished your work? _______________________________
6. George has left school three years ago. _____________________________
7. “Where’s Ann?” “She’s gone to the cinema” __________________________
8. Napoleon Bonaparte has died in 1821. _______________________________
9. Have you ever been to Britain? _______________________________________
10. I haven’t seen you at party on Saturday. _____________________________
11. The weather has been very bad last week. ___________________________
Упражнение 11. Поставьте глаголы в Present Perfect (I have done) или в
Past Simple (I did)
1. My friend is writer. She has written (write) many books.
2. We didn’t have (not/have) a holiday last year.
3. Did you see (you/see) Alan last week?
4. I _______________ (play) tennis yesterday afternoon.
5. What time ____________ (you/go) to bed last night?
6. ________________ (you/ever/be) to the United States?
7. My hair is clean. I _____________ (wash) it.
8. I ___________ (wash) my hair before breakfast this morning.
9. When I was child I ____________ (not/like) sport.
10. Ann loves traveling. She ___________ (visit) many countries.
11. John works in bookshop. He ______________ (work) there for three years.
12. Last year we _______________ (go) to Finland for a holiday. We _______
(stay) there for a three weeks.
Упражнение 12. Вставьте пропущенные слова: was, left, started, has been,
went
A. Angela Thomas (1) was born in Bristol in the south-west of England. She
(2) started school when she (3) _______ years old. She (4) ________ at
school for twelve years. When she (5) _________ school she (6)
_______________ to the London College of Medicine. She (7) ____________
there for eight years. Then she (8) _______________ the College and (9)
_______________ her work as a doctor in a London hospital. She is still in
London. She (10) ____________ there for twelve years. She is still a doctor
in the same hospital, too. She (11) ____________ a doctor there for four
years now.
B. Закончите вопросы, используя слова: when, how old, where, how long.
Напишите также ответы.
(1) Where was Angela born? – In (2) Bristol.
(2) ____________ in Bristol? - It’s in the (4) _____________ of (5) ___________
(6) __________ did Angela start school? When she was (7) _____________ years
old.
(8) __________ was she at school? For (9) _______ years.
(10) _________ was she when she left school?
She was (11) __________ years old.
(12) ____________ was she at medical college?
For (13) _________ year.
(14) __________ did she start work as a doctor?
When she was (15) _____________ years old.
(16) _________ has she been in London?
For (17) ___________ years.
(18) _____________ has she been a doctor at the hospital?
For (19) _________ years.
(20) ________ she is now? She is (21) ___________ years old.
Упражнение 13. Поставьте в нужную форму глаголы в скобках.
Перепишите письмо и переведите его на русский язык.
Dear Jan and Phil,
We (have) __________ a wonderful holiday. This really is a great place. I
(never be) __________ anywhere like it before. People are friendly, the food is
great, and the weather’s a lot better then at home. We (be) ________ here for
ten days now, and we (have) _________ sun every day. Can you (believe)
______ it?
I (swim) _______ two or three times a day, but Bill just (spend) ____________
all his time lying on the beach with his eyes closed. Sometimes he (write)
__________ a postcard, but then he (forget) _________ to post it.
Last Saturday I (get) _________ on a bus and (go) ________ to the north end of
the island. It (be) __________ very beautiful. Tomorrow we (go) ______________
to the east coast (see) _________ some of old villages, if Bill (wake) __________
up in time. And next week, if the weather (be) _________ still nice, I (think)
________ I (do) _________ some walking in the mountains.
Love to Joe and the family. See you soon, I (hope) ___________.
Alex.
2.Modal Verbs. Модальные глаголы.
Упражнение 1. Закончите предложения, используя can или can’t и один из
следующих глаголов
come, find, hear, see, speak
1. I’m sorry, but we can’t come to your party next Saturday.
2. She got the job because she _______ five languages.
3. You are speaking very quietly. I ____________ you.
4. Have you seen my bag? I _______________ it.
5. I like this hotel room. You ______________ the mountains from the
window.
Упражнение 2. Закончите предложения. Используйте can’t или couldn’t и
один из следующих глаголов
eat, go, go, see, sleep, understand
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
I was tired but I couldn’t sleep.
She spoke very quickly. I _____________ her.
His eyes are not very good. He ____________ very well.
I wasn’t hungry yesterday. I _______________ my dinner.
He ____________ to the concert next Saturday. He’s working.
He ____________ to the meeting last week. He was ill.
Упражнение 3. Вставьте: can, could, was able to, can’t, couldn’t или wasn’t
able to
Dear Mary,
I’m very pleased you (1) can come to stay at the weekend. I’m sorry (2)
_________ talk to you on the phone yesterday but I (3) ______________ leave the
baby. I (4) ___________ get ticket for the theatre on Saturday I (5) ____________
wait to go. Mom says that when she was young you (6) ___________ have a night
out for £21. You certainly (7) ____________ now! We (8) __________ fix our car
yet, but Mom says we (9) __________ borrow hers. By the way, the baby (10)
____________ says three new words! See you Friday.
Love, Anna.
Упражнение 4. Напишите предложения, используя may
1. (perhaps I will go to the cinema) I may go to the cinema.
2. (perhaps Kay will be late) Kay ______________________________
3. (perhaps it will snow today) It ______________________________
4. (perhaps I will see Tom tomorrow) I_________________________
5. (perhaps I will wear my new jeans) I_________________________
Напишите отрицательные предложения
6. (perhaps they will not come) ___________________________________
7. (perhaps I will not go out tonight) ______________________________
Упражнение 5. Ответьте на вопросы, употребляя may и одно из следующих
выражений:
go away, some shoes, Spain, fish, this evening, to a restaurant, tomorrow
1. Where are you going for your holidays next year? I’m not sure yet. I may
go to Spain.
2. Where are you going tonight? I don’t know yet. I _______________________
3. When will you see Ann again? I’m not sure. I ___________________________
4. What are you going to buy when you go shopping? I don’t know now. I
___________________
5. What are you doing at the weekend? __________________________________
6. When are you going to phone John? ___________________________________
7. What are you going to have for dinner tonight? _________________________
Упражнение 6. Что Вы собираетесь делать завтра? Напишите ответы,
используя I’m (not) going to или I may.
1. (watch television) I’m not going to watch television.
2. (write a letter) I may write a letter.
3. (get up early) I __________________________________________________
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
(go to the cinema) ________________________________________________
(have a bath) _____________________________________________________
(buy a newspaper) ________________________________________________
(play tennis) ______________________________________________________
(make a telephone call) ____________________________________________
Упражнение 7. Закончите предложения. Используйте must и один из
следующих глаголов:
be, buy, go, help, hurry, learn, meet, phone, read, wash, win, go
1. We must go to the bank today. We haven’t got any money.
2. I ________________ I haven’t got much time.
3. She’s a very interesting person. You _______________ her.
4. I forgot the phone Dave last night. I ____________ him today.
5. You _____________ to drive. It’s very useful.
6. This is an excellent book. You ________________ it.
7. We ________________ some food. We’ve got nothing for dinner.
8. I _______________ to the post office. I need some stamps.
9. My hair is dirty. I ________________ it.
10. I have a big problem. You __________________ me.
11. The game tomorrow is very important for us. We __________________
12. You can’t always have things immediately. You ______________ patient.
Упражнение 8. Вставьте must или had to.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
I had to go to the bank yesterday to get some money.
The windows were very dirty yesterday. I ____________ clean them.
The windows are very dirty. I __________________ clean them.
I ________________ get up early tomorrow. I’ve got a lot to do.
Come on! We __________ hurry. We haven’t got much time.
We arrived home very late last night. We ___________wait half an hour for
a taxi.
7. These cakes are very nice. You ____________ have on.
8. Ann came to the party but she didn’t stay very long. She _______ leave
early.
9. He didn’t know how to use the machine. I ____________ show him.
10. I was nearly late for my appointment this morning. I __________ run to
get there on time.
Упражнение 9. Закончите предложения. Используйте mustn’t или needn’t и
один из глаголов:
be, busy, clean, hurry, lose, take, tell, wait
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
The windows aren’t dirty. You needn’t clean them.
I must hurry. I mustn’t be late.
The letter is very important. You __________ it.
We have a lots of time. We ______________.
We _____________ an umbrella. It’s not going to rain.
You _____________ a newspaper. You can have mine.
This is a secret. You _____________ anybody.
8. I’m not ready yet but you ___________________ for me. You go now and I’ll
come later.
Упражнение 10. Закончите предложения, используя have to или has to и
один из глаголов:
do, read, speak, travel, wear
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
My eyes are not very good. I have to wear glasses.
At the end of the course, all the students ___________ a test.
Mary is studying literature. She ____________ a lot of books.
He doesn’t understand much English, so I ____________ very slow to him.
George is not often at home. He ____________ a lot in his job.
Упражнение 11. Закончите предложения. Используйте have to или had to и
один из глаголов:
to walk, to get up, to go, to buy, to change, to answer
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
There were no buses yesterday evening. I had to walk home.
I’m going to bed early tonight. I ____________ up early tomorrow morning.
It’s late. I ______________ now. I’ll see you tomorrow.
I went to supermarket after work because I ____________ some food.
This train doesn’t go to London. You __________ at Bristol.
We did an exam yesterday. We ____________ six questions out of ten.
Упражнение 12. Составьте вопросы. Используйте настоящее и прошедшее
время.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
I have to get up early tomorrow. What time do you have to get up?
They had to leave early. Why ___________________________________
We had to pay a lot of money. How much ___________ you ___________?
I have to go home now. Why ____________________________________
We had to wait a long time. How long ___________________________
John has to work this evening. Why _____________________________
Упражнение 13. Напишите предложения с don’t/doesn’t/didn’t have to
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Why
Why
Why
Why
Why
are you going home now? You don’t have to go home now.
is she waiting? She doesn’t _____________________________
did you get up so early? You ____________________________
do you want to decide now? We _________________________
does he work so hard? He _______________________________
Упражнение 14. Вставьте have to/has to/had to или must
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
It’s a fantastic film, you must /or have to/ see it.
In many countries men have to do military service.
Ann is nurse. Sometimes she _____________ work at weekend.
I didn’t have any money with me, so I ____________ borrow some.
You can’t park here for nothing. You ________________ pay.
I eat too much chocolate. I really __________________ stop.
7. In tennis you ________________ hit the ball over the net.
3.Способы выражения будущего времени. Употребление
времен в придаточных предложениях времени и условия
Упражнение 1. Напишите вопросы. Все предложения относятся к
будущему времени
(you/go/out tonight) Are you going out tonight?
(what/you/do/tomorrow evening) What _________________________
(what time/Bob and Sue/come) _________________________________
(you/work/next week)___________________________________________
(when/Liz/go/on/holiday) ______________________________________
Упражнение 2. Напишите предложения, используя слова, данные в
скобках. Все предложения должны относиться к будущему времени
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
(I/not/go out/tonight) I’m not going out tonight.
(I/meet/my friends this evening) I ______________________________
(Tom/not/come/to party on Thursday) Tom _____________________
(my sister/get/married next December) My ______________________
(I/not/go/to London tomorrow) __________________________________
(what time/you/leave/tomorrow) _________________________________
(when/they/get married) _________________________________________
Упражнение 3. Составьте вопросы, используя выражение “…going to…”
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
(what/you/wear/to the party?) What are you going to wear to the party?
(when/you/visit me again?) __________________________________________
(what time/Tom/phone you tonight?) _________________________________
(how long/your friends/stay here?) ___________________________________
(what time/you/get up tomorrow?) ____________________________________
Упражнение 4. Закончите предложения, используя выражение “…going
to…” и один из данных глаголов:
eat, give, lie, rain, walk, wash
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
My hair is dirty. I’m going to wash it.
I don’t want to go home by bus. I ______________________________________
Take an umbrella with you. It __________________________________________
I’m hungry. I __________________________________ this sandwich.
It’s Ann’s birthday next week. We _______________________ her a present.
I feel tired. I __________________________ down for an hour.
Упражнение 5. Напишите отрицательные предложения
1. You’ll sleep. You won’t sleep.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I’ll forget. I _________________________
It will happen. ______________________
I’ll find it. ___________________________
She’ll be in Rome tomorrow. _________________________
Упражнение 6. Напишите предложения, начинающиеся со слов I think.
Все предложения должны относиться к будущему времени.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
(Diana/pass the exam) I think Diana will pass the exam.
(Jack/win the game) I think ______________________________
(Ann/ like her present) I think ____________________________
(the weather/be nice tomorrow) I think _____________________
(they/get married) I think __________________________________
(I/be at home this evening) I think __________________________
Упражнение 7. Закончите предложения, используя выражение I think I’ll…
или I don’t think I’ll и один из глаголов:
buy go have play
1.
2.
3.
4.
It’s cold. I don’t think I’ll go out.
I’m hungry. I think ___________ something to eat.
I feel tired. I don’t _____________ tennis.
This dress is too expensive. I ______________ it.
Упражнение 8. Прочтите и переведите диалог.
Alec: I’m going to hitchhike round the world.
Bess: Oh, that’s very dangerous.
A: No, it isn’t. I’ll be all right.
B: Where will you sleep?
A: Oh, I don’t know. In cheap hotels.
B: You’ll get lost.
A: No, I won’t.
B: You won’t get lifts.
A: Yes, I will.
B: What will you do to get money?
A: I’ll take money with me.
B: You’ll haven’t got enough.
A: If I need money, I’ll find jobs.
B: Well… are you sure you’ll be all right?
A: Of course I’ll be all right.
Упражнение 9. Выберите правильную форму глагола:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
If I don’t feel/won’t feel well tomorrow, I stay/I’ll stay at home.
If the weather is/will be nice tomorrow, we can go to the beach.
It will be difficult to find the hotel if we arrive/we’ll arrive late.
The alarm will ring if there is/will be fire.
I’m/I’ll be surprised if they get/they’ll get married.
Do you go/will you go to the party if they invite/they’ll invite you?
Упражнение 10. Вставьте if или when.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
If I’m late this morning, don’t wait for me.
_____ I don’t see you tomorrow, I’ll phone ypo.
Do you mind _______ I close the window?
_______ I get up in the morning, I usually drink a cup of coffee.
Have something to eat. _______ you don’t eat now, you’ll be hungry later.
John is still at school. _______ he leaves school, he wants to go to
university.
7. Be careful. ________ you aren’t careful, you’ll fall.
Упражнение 11. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужном времени
(настоящем или будущем)
1. When he (return) I’ll give him the key.
2. He’ll be ready as soon as you (be).
3. I’ll stay in bed till the clock (strike) seven.
4. She will be delighted when she (hear) this.
5. When the laundry comes I (have) some clean handkerchief.
6. I shan’t buy tomatoes till the price (come) down.
7. Stay here till the lights (turn) green.
8. When it (get) cold I’ll light the fire.
9. The lift (not start) until you press that button.
10. She’ll have to behave better when she (go) to school.
11. When you look at yourself in the glass you (see) what I mean.
12. He (be) here before you go.
13. I (lend) your cassette recorder whenever you want it.
14. He (wake) up when we turn the lights on.
15. He (ring) us up when he arrives in England?
16. He will wash up before he (go) to bed?
17. I won’t come to London till the bus strike (be) over.
18. I (give) the children their dinner before he (come) home.
19. They will be astonished when they (see) how slow he works.
20. I’ll pay you when I (get) my cheque.
21. I (go) on doing it until he tells me to stop.
22. I’ll buy that house when I (have) enough money.
23. You (fall) rapidly through the air till you parachute opens.
24. We’ll have to stay here till the tide (go) out.
25. When the Queen (arrive) the audience will stand up.
26. When the fog (lift) we’ll be able to see where we are.
27. The refrigerator (go on) making that noise till we have it repaired.
28. As soon as the holidays begin this beach (become) very crowded.
29. The car (not move) till you take the brake off.
30. The alarm bell (go on) ringing till you press this button.
31. As soon as she (learn) to type I’ll get her a job.
32. Look before your (leap). (proverb)
33. We (have) to stay on this desert island till we can repair our boat.
34. Don’t count on salary increase before you actually (get) it.
35. When winter (begin) the swallows will fly away to the warmer country.
36. We can’t make any decisions till he (arrive) here.
Упражнение 12. Поставьте глагол во времени Present Indefinite или Future
Indefinite. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If you press that button, you will get a cup of coffee (press, get).
If it ________, we _________ the party inside (rain, have).
If I _________ time, I _________ and see you (have, come).
I __________ you if I __________ help (tell, need).
I hope you ____________ and see us if you ___________ in Chicago again
(come, be).
6. If you ____________ that door, you _____________ something strange (open,
see).
7. I ______________ surprised if she _______________ before 7 o’clock (be,
arrive).
8. If you ______________ fast, we _______________ time to play a game of
tennis (eat, have).
9. If you ____________ up early tomorrow, I ___________ you swimming (get,
take).
10. I _____________ my car if I _______________ to live in London (sell, go).
Упражнение 13. Напишите предложения, начинающиеся с if
if +
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
we don’t hurry
I can get a flight
you come home later tonight
I don’t feel well tomorrow
you have some problems
If
If
If
If
If
please come in quickly
I’m not going to work
+ we’ll be late
I’ll try to help you
I’ll fly home on Sunday
we don’t hurry, we’ll be late.
I can ___________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Упражнение 14. напишите предложения с if середине
I can understand you
It will be nice
You’ll be cold
What are you going to do
I’m sure they’ll understand
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
if
you
you
you
you
you
don’t wear a coat
don’t pass your exam
explain the problem to them
speak slowly
can come to the party
I can understand you if you speak slowly.
It _______________________________________
You’ll ____________________________________
What ____________________________________
I’m ______________________________________
4.ПАССИВНЫЙ ЗАЛОГ.
Измените предложения, поставив глагол в пассивном залоге.
Example: Somebody built this house in 1930. – This house was built in 1930.
1. Somebody cleans the room every day. __________________________________
2. They cancelled all flights because the fog. ______________________________
3. People don’t use this road very often. __________________________________
4. Somebody accused me of stealing money. ______________________________
5. How do people learn languages? _______________________________________
6. People advised us not to go out alone. __________________________________
7. The company employs two hundred people. ____________________________
8. A loud noise woke us up during the night. ______________________________
9. Somebody locks the park gates at 6.30 p.m. ____________________________
10. I posted the letter a week ago. _________________________________________
11. Somebody has cleaned the room. ______________________________________
12. They have postponed the concert. _____________________________________
13. Somebody is using the computer at the moment. ______________________
14. I didn’t realise that somebody was recording our conversation. _________
15. They are building a new ring road round the city. ______________________
16. They have built a new hospital near the airport. _______________________
17. Somebody will clean the windows later. _______________________________
Упражнение 15. Измените предложения, поставив глагол в пассивном
залоге.
1. The gardener had planted some trees. Some trees have been planted by
the gardener.
2. Doctor Brown will gave you some advice.
3. A famous designer will redecorate the hotel.
4. Steven Spielberg directed the film.
5. Someone has broken the crystal vase.
6. Fleming discovered penicillin.
7. They will advertise the product on television.
8. They often remake films.
9. He gave me a present.
10. The waiter will bring us the bill.
Упражнение 16. Используя пассивный залог, поставьте вопросы к
выделенным словам
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Columbus discovered America. Who was America discivered by?
We keep money in a safe.
They speak Italian in Italy.
They took his aunt to hospital.
The boys damaged the television.
Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa.
He invited 30 people to his party.
They grow bananas in Africa.
Упражнение 17. Напишите следующие предложения в пассивном залоге
1. Somebody has stolen a bus from outside the school. Some children saw
the thief. The police search for the bus. They will use the children’s
description to catch the thief.
2. Someone broke into the local jewellery shop yesterday. The owner locked
up this shop but robber with gun threatened him. The robber told him to
unlock the shop and give him all diamonds in the safe. Then the robber
tied him up. The police organized a search for the robber. They hope they
will find him in a few days. Doctors treat the owner of shop for chock.
Упражнение 18. Переведите на русский язык.
1.The meeting was attended by representatives of different organizations. 2.
This book is much spoken about. 3. This book is often referred to. 4. This
man’s report was listened to with great attention. 5. The meeting was
addressed by a man who was well-known scientist. 6. The bell was followed
by a loud knock at the door. 7. All the preparations for the expedition must
be completed this week. 8. Many interesting facts can be found in this
article. 9. The visitors was shown the way to the station. 10. This subject
will be dealt with in the next chapter. 11. His warning was not taken notice
of. 12. They were followed by some people whom they did not know. 13.
Yesterday we were given some new articles to translate. 14. Lomonosov may
be justly considered as the founder of Russian science. 15. He was asked to
repair this motor as soon as possible.
ТЕКСТЫ
1. Прочитайте и переводите текст.
WHILE THE AUTO WAITS
(O’Henry)
The girl in grey came again to that quiet corner of the small park. She sat
down upon the bench and began to read the book.
Her dress was grey and simple. Her face was very beautiful. She came there
at the same hour yesterday, and the day before yesterday, and there was a
young man who knew it.
The young man came near. At the moment her book fell on the ground. The
young man picked up the book, returned it to the girl, said a few words about
the weather, and stood waiting.
The girl looked at his simple coat and said, “Sit down if you like, the light is
too bad for reading, let’s talk”.
“Do you know”, he said, “that you are very, very fine? I saw you yesterday”.
“Don’t forget that I’m lady”, said the girl in an angry voice.
“Let’s change the subject. Now tell me about these passing people. Where
are they going? Why do they hurry so? Are they happy? I come here to sit
because only here I am near the masses of people. I speak to you because I
want to talk to a man not spoilt by money. Oh, you don’t know how tired I am
of money, money, money! And of the men who surround me! I am tired of
pleasure, of travel!”
“I always had an idea”, said the young man, “that money must be a very
good thing”.
“When you have so many millions? Dinners, theatres, suppers! I’m tired of
it”, said the young girl.
The young man looked at her with interest.
“And I always liked,” he said, “to read and to hear about the life of reach
people.”
“Sometimes I think,” continued the girl, “that I should love only a simple
man. What is your profession?”
“I am a very simple man. I work at a restaurant,” he said.
“Not as a waiter?” she asked.
“I am a cashier in the restaurant that you see on the opposite side of
street.”
The girl looked at her watch and rose.
“Why are you not at work?” she asked.
“My work begins in an hour. When shall I see you again?” asked the young
man.
“I don’t know. Now I must go. Oh, there is a dinner and a concert tonight.
Did you have notice a white automobile at the corner of the park when you
came?”
“Yes, I did” said the young man.
“I always come in it. The driver waits for me there. Good night!”
“May I accompany you to the car?”
“You will remain on this bench for ten minutes.” And she went away. The
young man looked at her while she was going to park gate, then he rose and
followed her. When the girl reached the park gate, she turned her head to look
at the white car, then passed it, crossed the street and entered the restaurant.
A girl left the cashier’s desk and the girl in grey took her place.
The young man walked slowly down the street, then got into the white
automobile and said the driver,
“To the club, Henry!”
Notes:
a bench – скамейка
to pick up – поднимать
mass – масса
to spoil (spoilt) – портить
a cashier – кассир
an automobile – автомобиль
an auto – автомобиль
simple – простой
surround – окружать
pleasure – удовольствие
Ответьте на вопросы:
What did the girl look like?
What did the girl speak to the young man?
Why was the young man interested?
Why did she tell the young man to stay an the bench for ten minutes and
not to follow her?
2. Прочитайте и переведите текст.
THE GIFTS OF THE MAGI
(O’Henry)
One dollar and eighty-seven cents. That was all. Three times Della counted
them. One dollar and eighty-seven cents. And the next day would be
Christmas. She could do nothing. So she lay down on the old sofa and cried.
Her husband and she lived in the furnished room. One could immediately
notice that they were very poor. Della finished crying. She stood by the window
thinking. Tomorrow would be a Christmas Day, and she had only one dollar
and eighty-seven cents to buy Jim a present with. She had tried to save money
but result was one dollar and eighty-seven cents.
Suddenly an idea came to her head. She quickly run up to the mirror and
looked at her hair attentively. Her hair was really beautiful. It was long and
shining. Another moment she put on her old brown hat and was in the street.
She stopped at a shop and run up to the second floor.
“Will you buy my hair?” she asked the lady.
“Well,” said the woman, “take off your hat and let me see it.”
“Twenty dollars”, she said, taking her hair into her hand.
“Give me the money quick, I’m in hurry”, said Della.
The next two hours she was running about the shops, looking for Jim’s
present.
She found it at least. It was gold chain for Jim’s watch. She was sure he
would like it. It cost twenty-one dollars and she hurried home with eightyseven cents in her pocket.
At seven o’clock the coffee was ready and Della was going to cook the meat
when Jim came. He looked at Della, at her hair and a strange expression
appeared on his face.
Della cried:
“Jim, darling, don’t look at me this way. I sold my hair because I wanted to
buy you a present. My hair will grow again. It grows awfully fast. You don’t
know what a beautiful present I’ve got for you.”
Suddenly Jim took out a package from his pocket and put it on the table.
“Della,” he said, “I don’t mind your hair-do. I like you all the same. Now
have a look at this package.” Della opened it and screamed with delight
because there was the set of combs she had admired so long in a Broadway
window. They were here but now she had no hair. Then she cried:
“O, Jim, you haven’t yet seen my present. Look! Isn’t it charming? Give me
your watch. I want to see how it looks on it.”
Jim smiled.
“Della,” he said, “Let’s put our Christmas presents away. They are too nice
to use just now. I sold my watch to get the money to buy you combs.”
Notes:
“The Gifts of the Magi” – «Дары волхвов»
magi – волхвы, маги
Christmas – Рождество
chain – цепочка
hair-do – прическа
to admire – восхищаться
to lie – лечь
furnished room – меблированная комната
to save money – копить деньги
strange expression – странное выражение
set of combs – набор гребней
Broadway – название улицы в Нью-Йорке
to appear – появиться
a package – сверток
delight – восторг
Ответьте на вопросы:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
How much money did Della have?
Were Della and Jim rich or poor?
Why did Della want to buy Jim a present?
What idea came to Della’s head?
What present did she find for Jim?
What present did Jim buy for her?
What do you think of Jim and Della?
3.Прочитайте и переведите текст
THE LOVE DRUG
(O’Henry)
Jim, the young car-driver, was a border at old Riddles. He was in love with
Riddle’s daughter Rosy. And Rosy in love with Jim. They wanted to get married
but Mr.Riddle, Rosy’s father was against it. He hoped to find a rich husband for
his daughter. Jim had a friend who worked as a clerk at a druggist’s shop. His
name was Pilkins.
Jim often called on Pilkins at his shop and they talked together and Jim,
who was very frank, told Pilkins that he was in love with Rosy. When Jim
talked of Rosy, Pilkins listened to him in silence and never said the word.
One afternoon Jim called at the shop. He looked very nervous.
“Old Riddle does not like me,” he began. “For a week he hasn’t let Rosy go
outside the door with me. He probably knows that we are in love with each
other. So Rosy and I have decided to run away tonight and get married. Of
course,” he continued, “if she doesn’t change her mind. Because one day she
says she will, the same evening she says she won’t as she is afraid. We have
decided to run away tonight. But it is five hours yet till the time and I am afraid
that she will change her mind again!” Jim stopped and looked at Pilkins.
“But you can help me,” he added.
“I don’t see now”. said Pilkins.
“I say, Pilkins, isn’t there a drug that will make a girl like me better if I give
it to her. I think I have such a drug to give Rosy when I see her in supper
tonight it may give her courage and she will keep her promise and run away
with me.”
“When is this foolishness to happen?” asked Pilkins gloomily.
“At ten o’clock Supper is at seven. At nine Rosy will get to bed with
headache. At ten I’ll come under her window and help her to climb down. Can
you make such a drug, Pilkins?”
“Of course I can,” said Pilkins and went behind the desk. There he crushed
to powder two tablets. “This will make Rosy sleep for several hours,” he said to
himself. Then he handed the powder to Jim. When Jim had gone Pilkins who
was secretly in love with Rosy went to Mr.Riddle and told him everything.
Mr.Riddle decided to watch the lovers and shoot at Jim. Pilkins was sure that
he had nothing to fear of. All night he waited for the news of the tragedy but
none came. At eight o’clock Pilkins could wait no longer and went to
Mr.Riddle’s to learn the outcome. The first man he saw in the street was Jim.
Jim seized his hand and said:
“Rosy and I were married last night. She is in my flat now. Oh, how happy I
am! You must come to see us some day.”
“But the powder!” exclaimed Pilkins.
“Oh, that powder you gave me? Well, it was this way. I sat down at supper
table last night at Riddle’s. I looked at Rosy and said to myself: Don’t try any
tricks with that girl. She loves you enough without that. Then I looked at her
father and thought: He must feel more love for me. So I took my chance and
put the powder into old Riddle’s coffee.”
Notes:
to be a boarder – быть квартирантом
outcome – здесь: результат
to give courage – придать храбрости
frank – откровенный
to seize – схватить
foolishness – глупость
to crush to powder – растереть в порошок
to shoot at – стрелять в
to fear – бояться
tricks – уловки
I took my chance – я использовал возможность
Ответьте на вопросы:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Why wasn’t Jim sure that Rosy would married him?
What drug did Jim ask Pilkins to make?
What was Pilkins’ plan?
Did his plan work?
4.Прочитайте и переведите текст.
THE COP AND THE ANTHEM
(O’Henry)
Winter was coming, and Soapy, one of the many thousands of new York
pickpockets, felt bad. He knew that the time had come for him to look for
shelter. Soapy’s desires were not great. Three months in prison was what he
wanted. There he was sure of a little food and bed, safe from winter wind and
the cold.
For years prison had been his shelter in winter. Now he was thinking how to
get there again. There were many easy ways to do this. The most pleasant way
for him was to dine well at some expensive restaurant; then he would say that
he could not pay for the dinner and the policeman would arrest him and send
him to prison.
Soapy left the square where he had spent the night and stopped at the
window of a restaurant.
He knew that his coat, his tie and shirt were good enough, but as for his
trousers and shoes he understood that they were not at all good and clean.
“If I can enter the restaurant and sit down at the table,” he thought,
“everything will be all right. Nobody will see my shoes and trousers. But the
thing is, I don’t know how to get into restaurant.”
Indeed, as soon as Soapy entered through the restaurant door, the head
waiter saw his dirty trousers and shoes. The waiter said nothing but turned
Soapy round and pushed into the street.
Now he had to think of another way to get into prison. At a corner of Sixth
Avenue he saw a shop window. Soapy took a stone, threw it at the glass and
broke it. Many people and policeman run up to the corner. Soapy did not, of
course, run away but stood near the shop window with his hands in his
pockets. He smiled when he saw the policeman’s blue coat.
“Where is the man who has done it?” shouted the policeman.
“Do you think I have done it?” said Soapy in a friendly way.
The policeman did not understand what Soapy meant. Men who break
windows do not usually remain to speak to a policeman. They run away. Just
then the policeman saw a man hurrying to a car. He run after that man and
soon caught him and took to the police station. As for Soapy nobody even
looked at him.
On the other side of the street Soapy saw a small and cheap restaurant. He
entered it, sat down at the table, and ate beefsteak and big apple-pie.
“Now call the policeman. I cannot pay. I have no money,” said Soapy.
“No policeman for you,” said the waiter. He took Soapy by the collar and
threw him out of the restaurant.
Soapy was in despair.
He began to cry, to dance, to shout like a madman. A policeman who was
standing nearby turned his back to Soapy and say to himself:
“It is one of there University boys. They are celebrating their holidays. They
are noisy. But we have instruction to leave them in peace.”
Soapy stopped in despair.
He was walking along the streets and did not know what to do.
At least he came to a street where there were very few people. At a corner he
suddenly stopped. There was an old church in front of him. Through one
window a soft light was shining, and he heard some quiet music. He came
nearer. The sky above him was cold and beautiful and the music made Soapy
remember his mother and those days when there were roses in his life and
when his thoughts and collars were clean. He listened to the anthem, looked at
the sky and said to himself:
“There is time yet. I will become an honest man. I am still young. I will be
somebody in the world. I will…”
“What are you doing here?” A policeman shouted at him.
“Nothing,” answered Soapy.
“Then come along,” said the policeman. “You are thinking how to rob the
church. I know you.”
Soapy got to prison.
Notes:
pickpocket – карманный вор
desire – желание
prison – тюрьма
safe from – в безопасности от
to push – толкать
stone – камень
to remain – оставаться
in despair – в отчаянии
madman – сумасшедший
church – церковь
to rob – грабить
honest – честный
beefsteak – бифштекс
collar – воротник
in peace – в покое
cop – полицейский (разг.)
anthem – торжественное пение, гимн
restaurant – ресторан
expensive – дорогой
avenue – проспект
cheep – дешевый
made him remember – напомнила ему
shelter – убежище, укрытие
Ответьте на вопросы:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
How did Soapy feel in winter?
What did Soapy want?
What were the ways to get the prison?
Why did the waiter push him into the street?
Why didn’t the policeman arrest Soapy when he broke the window?
How did Soapy manage to get to prison?
5.Прочитайте и переведите текст.
THE VERGER
W.S.Maughem
There had been a wedding that afternoon at St. Peter’s Church, and Edward
Foreman still wore his verger’s gown. He had been verger for 16 years and liked
his job. The verger was waiting for the vicar. The vicar had just been appointed.
He has a red-faced energetic man and the verger disliked him. Soon the vicar
came in and said: “Foreman, I’ve got something unpleasant to say you. You
have been here a great many years and I think you’ve fulfilled your duties quite
satisfactorily here, but I found out a most striking thing the other day. I
discovered to my astonishment that you could neither read nor write. I think
you must learn, Foreman.”
“I’m afraid I can’t now, sir. I’m too old a dog to learn new tricks.”
“In that case, Foreman, I’m afraid you must go.”
“Yes, sir, I quite understand. I shall be happy to hand in my resignation as
soon as you have found somebody to take my place.”
Up to now Edward’s face hadn’t shown any signs of emotion. But when he
had closed to door of the church behind him his lips trembled. He walked
slowly with a heavy heart. He didn’t know what to do with himself. True, he
had saved a small sum of money but it was not enough to live on without doing
something, and life cost more and more every year.
It occurred to him now that a cigarette would comfort him and since he was
not a smoker and never had any in his pockets he looked for a shop where he
could buy a packet of good cigarettes. It was a long street with all sorts if shops
in it, but there was not single one where you could buy cigarettes.
“That’s strange,” said Edward, “I can’t be the only man who walks along the
street and wants to have a smoke,” he thought. An idea struck him. Why
shouldn’t he open a little shop there? Tobacco and Sweets.
“That’s an idea,” he said. “It is strange how things come to you when you
least expect it.”
He turned, walked home and had his tea.
“You are very silent this afternoon, Edward,” his wife remarked.
“I’m thinking,” he said. He thought the matter over from every point of view
and the next day he went to look for a suitable shop. And within a week the
shop was opened and Edward was behind the counter selling cigarettes.
Edward Forman did very well. Soon he decided that he might open another
shop and employ a manager. He looked for another long street that didn’t have
a tobacconist’s in it and opened another shop. This was a success too. In the
course of ten years he acquired no less then ten shops and was making a lot of
money. Every Monday he went to all his shops, collected the week’s taking and
took them to the bank.
One morning the bank manager said that he wanted to talk with him.
“Mr. Foreman, do you know how much money you have got in the bank?”
“Well, I have a rough idea.”
“You have 30 thousands dollars and it’s a large sum. You should invest it.
We shall make you out a list of securities which will bring you better rate of
interests then the bank can give you.”
There was a troubled look on Mr. Foreman face. “And what will I have to
do?”
“Oh, you needn’t worry,” the banker smiled. “All you have to do is to read
and to sign the papers.”
“That’s the trouble, sir. I can sign my name but I can’t read.” The manager
was so surprised that he jumped up from his seat. He couldn’t believe his ears.
“Good God, man, what would you be if you had been able to read?!”
“I can tell you that, sir,” said Mr. Foreman. “I would be verger of St. Peter’s
Church.”
Notes:
verger – служитель в церкви
securities – ценные бумаги
a better rate of interest – больше процентов
Ответьте на вопросы:
For how long had Edward Foreman worked at St. Peter’s Church?
What did the verger think of a new vicar?
What did the vicar become aware of?
Did the verger’s face betray any emotions at first?
Did it really make no difference for him that he had to leave his positions?
Give your grounds.
What caused his idea to open a tobacco shop?
“He thought the matter over from every point of view.” What do you think he
may the considered?
His business was a success; wasn’t it? Prove it.
How did Foreman accept the idea of investing his money?
10.What was in that made the banker jump up from his seat?
6.Прочтите и переведите тексты, ответьте на вопросы и выучите слова.
Lawyers
The legal profession in England is divided into two separated branches,
barristers and solicitors, having large different training and function.
Barristers are called “the bar”, deriving that name from the fact that they
were qualified to come to the bar or barrier in the court and address the judge.
They are often called “counsel”. Although barristers can and do a certain
amount of work in advising, their main work at any rate in the common law
field, including the criminal law, lies in the conduct of cases before the courts.
They have the exclusive rights of audience in the superior courts at Assizes,
and in most but not all Quarter Sessions. Solicitors are admitted to conduct
cases in county Courts, Magistrates’ Courts, and the Quarter Sessions in areas
where barristers are not readily available.
From any modern point of view, barristers occupy an anomalous position.
Their relation with solicitors and their “lay” clients are not contractual, they are
not entitled in law to their fees, and they cannot be sued for negligence. They
practice as individuals, and cannot enter into partnership with one another. No
lay client may approach or deal with, or even see, a barrister except through
and in the company of his solicitor (or one of his clerks). When any layman is
in need of legal advice or other assistance, he must begin by employing a
solicitor, who will take him to barrister.
Solicitors, formerly called “attorneys” in the common law courts and
“solicitors” in Chancery Courts are now always called “solicitors”. There are
over 22,000 practicing in England and Wales. Their function is to give their
clients all the legal advice and service which barristers do not render, including
the preparation of cases for barristers to give advice to conduct the case to the
court, and including too the conduct of cases in courts where they have a right
to appear. They can, and generally do, enter into partnership with other
solicitors, and they can employ other solicitors, as well as unqualified clerks, to
work in their practices. Their relations with their clients are the matter of
contract and subject to certain limitations. They may make arrangements with
their clients as to their remuneration, may sue for it and a liable for negligence.
The Magistrates
The magistrates have always been important and local people, who can be
relied on. They are appointed by the Lord Chancellor in the name of Queen.
What work do the magistrates do? It is all criminal, save for few little bits of
civil law. As for their criminal work, it comes into both the two main sections
into which our procedure divides the cases, viz: the small charges that can be
and are disposed of in the court, the magistrates’ court, at one go, and the
other more serious charges, called indictable because they come to trial before
a superior court, before a jury, and are preceded by a formal accusation called
an indictment, after a previous investigation before the magistrates.
In England, the minor cases are tried before the magistrates, sitting without
a jury (but with at least two magistrates), in courts which are held in nearly
every town. These are officially called “pretty sessional courts” but normally
“magistrates courts” or “police courts”. All minor cases are tried and disposed
of by the untrained magistrates (with a right of appeal only to other magistrates
in Quarter Sessions).
Nor are the magistrates confined to the minor cases. Every major case,
which if it comes to trial will be heard before a jury at either Quarter Sessions
or at the Assizes or the Central Criminal Court, must start the judicial enquiry,
which takes the form of the public hearing of evidence before the magistrates.
Notes:
1. …they were qualified to come to the bar or barrier… - …они получили
право (обучились) выступать в суде у барьера, отделяющего их от
судей…
2. …and do a certain amount of work… on advising… - и действительно
выполняют определенную работу в плане юридической консультации…
3. They have an exclusive
right of audience… - они обладают
исключительным правом выступать…
4. …they cannot be sued for negligence… - против них нельзя возбуждать
дела по обвинению в преступной небрежности…
5. They… cannot enter into partnership… - они не могут быть
партнерами…
6. …to work in the practices… - для работы с ними…
7. Their relations… are the matter of contract… - их отношения основаны
на контракте…
8. The magistrates have always been important and local people –
Полицейские (мировые) судьи всегда были влиятельными в своей
местности людьми…
9. …save for a few little bits of civil law… - кроме некоторых
незначительных гражданских дел…
10. viz. – лат. читается namely - именно
11. at one to go – за один раз
12. Nor are the magistrates confined to the minor cases – Мировые судьи,
однако, не ограничиваются разбором только мелких дел.
Words and word combinations:
to qualify – обучать(ся), проходить подготовку, получать право
field – область
conduct – ведение (дел), вести (дела)
exclusive – исключительный
right to audience – право выступать
to admitted – здесь: получать право
available – имеющийся в распоряжении (наличии)
as many (as) – целый, то же самое количество
to be entitled (to) – иметь право (на)
point of view – точка зрения
client – клиент
contractual – договорный
fee – гонорар
negligence – здесь: халатность, преступная небрежность
to enter into partnership – становиться партнером
to sue – предъявлять иск, возбуждать дело; преследовать
to approach – здесь: начинать переговоры
legal advice – совет (консультация) по вопросам юридического характера
Chancery Court – суд лорд-канцлера
to be subject (to) – подлежать
limitation – ограничение
to make arrangement – договариваться
remuneration – вознаграждение, плата
sitting – заседание
to sit – заседать
to be under the duty – быть обязанным
to save for – за исключением, кроме
viz. – лат. именно
to dispose – улаживать, приводить в порядок
indictable – подлежащий судебном преследованию (разбирательству)
to come to trail – передавать (дело) в суд
to precede – предшествовать; идти перед (чем-либо), впереди (кого-либо)
minor – незначительный, мелкий
minor case – мелкое дело
pretty sessional court – суд малых сессий
major – здесь: крупный
major case – крупное дело
accusation – обвинение
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
What the legal professions in England divided into?
What is the difference between “barristers” and “solicitors”?
Who are magistrates appointed by?
What work do they do?
How the major cases tried? (Where?)
How the minor cases tried? (Where?)
Is every minor (major) case heard before the jury?
STAGES OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
As a rule, premeditated criminal activity consists of several stages: preparation,
attempt and commission.
Preparation of a crime is the search for adaptation of means or instruments, or
any other premeditated creation of conditions for commission of a crime.
Preparation of crimes generally is a punishable offence. But in determining the
penalty, the court must take into consideration the extent of danger to society
involved in the preparation, the degree to which the criminal intent has been
put into effect, and the causes that prevented the full commission of the crime.
In cases where the person plotting a crime has not gone beyond the
preparation, the court usually imposes a milder penalty or none at all.
An attempt is premeditated directly aimed at the commission of the crime but
not completed for reasons not depending on the will of the guilty person.
An attempt is a punishable offence. But in determining the penalty the court
must also take a consideration the character and the degree of the danger to
society involved in the act committed by the guilty person, the degree to which
the criminal intent has been put into effect, and the causes that prevent the
full commission of the crime.
A crime is considered as committed when the guilty person has performed the
act containing the corpus delicti* of crime.
Desisting from completion of a crime is possible in the stages of preparation
and attempt when the person having a possibility of completing the crime of his
own free will abandons his criminal intent before its completion. He is then
responsible only if the act performed by him contains the corpus delicti of
another crime.
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Corpus delicti (лат.) – состав преступления