The impact and leverage effect on territorial cohesion
of the Connecting Europe Facility
Session 3
Implementation of Infrastructure projects:
Keeping the regional perspective
October 24th, 2012
1/ Brief presentation of the region
2/ Growing IT use
3/ Content and schedule of the regional super-fast broadband plan
4/ Key factors for success
1/ Brief presentation of the region
– Region in central France in the heart of the Massif
– Area: 26 000 km²
– Population: 1.3 million
– Population density: 52 people / km² (average for France:
114 people / km²)
– 4 general councils and 6 urban areas
– ICT context : all elected officials in Auvergne consider
that coverage with infrastructure allowing access to
super-fast broadband and associated usage are a priority
for the region’s competitiveness and attractiveness.
Added value of collaboration on a project to develop 21st Century super-fast
• Pooling human and financial resources
• Equal treatment of areas in the region through an appropriate, wide-ranging
network -> social cohesion
• Market large enough to be attractive for private operators
2/ Growing digital uses
• ICTs have penetrated all areas of
economic and social life
Users (general public, business)
now consider super-fast broadband
 a high-priority local public
A criterion for choice of
 Local authorities need to invest in
rural areas where private initiatives
are lacking (significant investment
costs and limited prospects for
medium-term profitability)
 In parallel with this, major work is
needed on uses.
Leisure (TV, video, games, etc.)
Internet and e-mail (photos, films)
Digital workspace (pupils and students)
Mobility, etc.
Connecting different sites/clients
Computer-aided design, in real time, with a secure
connection to clients
Tele-workers, etc.
Open Data, etc.
3/ Content and schedule of the super-fast broadband plan
 Business
(deadline : 2017)
Roll out super-fast broadband in areas
where it is not yet available, and boost
competition in areas where it is available
at a prohibitive rate.
Offer guaranteed, symmetrical-accessspeed services at affordable rates by
bringing fibre-optic cables closer to
companies’ IT rooms.
Cable up priority sites (108 business parks,
2 100 companies, 169 educational sites,
48 health sites, 229 high points).
competitive and attractive region
(3 deadlines: 2017, 2021 et 2025)
Make Auvergne households eligible as fast
as possible for multi-terminal triple play
(internet, telephone, multi-screen TV over
the domestic network to include at least
one HD channel), with the aim of
progressing from 58% currently technically
eligible to 96% technically eligible by 2025,
with at least 70% via FTTH in each of the 4
– For the remaining 5%, satellite solutions for
super-fast broadband.
Principles for action:
 must complement private-sector activity
 pooling of private- and public-sector
 equal treatment, social cohesion
3/ Content of the super-fast broadband plan and timetable
 Strategic framework => Regional Outline Plan for Digital Development
 All areas will benefit from the Regional Outline Plan, financial burden equally shared between
region and departments, with support from national government and the EU
Projet costs : EUR 0.5- 0.7 billion over 24 years (2013-2037)
EUR 35 million subsidy from the Digital Society Fund (National Super-fast Broadband Programme,
notified to European Commission in 2011).
o Still looking into other financing sources : CEF ?
 A public-private partnership (PPP) initiated by the Region under State control with financial
autonomy and legal status ;
Board of Directors with representatives of General Councils and urban districts
 Project in three stages : 2013-2017, 2017-2021, 2021-2025 (stages 2 and 3 subject to national
and European co-financing)
 Provisional schedule :
launch of procedure on 27 July 2011
end of competitive dialogue, early January 2013
selection of co-contractor, spring 2013 ;
signature of contract, summer 2013
first services activated late 2013.
4/ Key factors for success (1)
1/ Strategic governance involving central government, the region, departments and
urban districts
 Since 2008 : agreement on preliminary studies
 Meetings at different levels : Technical Committee, Steering Committee with elected
 Establishing a multi-party co-financing agreement between local authorities to ensure that
the project is financially attractive
2/ At regional level, a small team with access to project management services (technical,
legal, economic and financial specialists)
 Estimated cost of EUR 2.5 million net over 3 years
3/ Complementary roles for the public and private sectors : working in close cooperation
with the private operator to ensure commitments are met in the most densely populated
areas(47% of the region’s population and 10% of local authorities)
 Agreement of 7 February 2012 between the private operator, the State, regional council,
general councils and urban areas setting out the commitments of each party
 Regional Consultative Committee on Digital private Development, every 6 months
4/ Operational involvement of all stakeholders, including local authorities (granting
access rights in order to install technical shelters for example)
4/ Key factors for success (2)
5/ Appropriate financing arrangements for each kind of project :
 Need for financial instruments suited to areas where profitability exists, but only in the longterm: subsidised loans with different repayment arrangements for public and private-sector
contribution  CEF, Project bonds… ?
 Grants needed for areas which are not profitable even in the long-term  CEF, ERDF 20142020… ?
Opportunities in the CEF proposals: €9,2 Bn dedicated to ICT (share between grants and
financial instruments to be determined) + possibility to combine several EU funds (incl.
financial instruments) in the new 2014-2020 regulation
CEF ongoing negotiations in the EP : what is at stake?
+ : Tosenovsky’s report on telecom. networks targets rural areas
! Threats : Riquet-Sender-Valean CEF report :
• suggests suppressing combined CEF + EU funding possibility
• prioritises digital service infrastructures over broadband networks
Thank you for your time !
Regular use of the Internet
Over 70 % of individuals in the EU-27 used
the Internet in 2011 and more than two
thirds (68 %) were regular Internet users, in
other words, they used the Internet at
least once a week; the latter share rose
from around 45 % in 2006. There is a
relation between regular use of the
Internet and broadband connectivity:
regions with a higher share of broadband
connections can be expected to have a
higher shar.e of regular Internet users
Extrait de
déc. 2010
Le haut débit est désormais considéré par les usagers comme l’un des services
publics locaux les plus prioritaires
70 % des personnes qui ne bénéficient pas du haut débit souhaiteraient y avoir accès
Grand Public
L’accès à des réseaux performants est devenu un levier de compétitivité pour les
entreprises et, de ce fait, un facteur d’attractivité pour les territoires
Importance relative des critères de choix d’implantation des entreprises
(évolution 2006-2010)
Fréquence de citation
(en % des sondés)
Facilité d’accès aux marchés et aux clients
Disponibilité de personnel qualifié
Qualité des télécommunications
Liaisons de transport avec les autres villes et pays
Source : European Cities Monitor 2010 - 2007, Cushman & Wakefield
place depuis 2007 devant
les transports
Les entreprises de la région participent à une économie mondialisée, elles ont donc besoin de
communiquer au même niveau que leurs partenaires internationaux de plus en plus équipés en THD