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Pahnin M.L ., Advisor to the Head of Kharkiv Regional State

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Pahnin M.L., Advisor to the Head of Kharkiv Regional State Administration,
m. Kharkiv
FEATURES STATE INFORMATION POLICY IN THE DEVELOPED
WORLD
In today's world, a characteristic feature of which is the rapid development
of information technology and the production of information critical to the social
and political life of each country has the state information policy, which is a
specific type of public administration regulation of information relations.
Summarize the main approaches and identify common principles and
directions of the State Information Policy in the developed world.
In recent years, Western countries have issued a large number of works
devoted to the analysis of the state's role in the sharing of information resources,
protection of national information space, establishing communication in the
information field of information and communication technologies. Particular
attention of scientists cause problems formulation and implementation of
information strategies of the state in the rapid development of the information
society. Interest in this issue is caused by such circumstances. 1. mediation of
social networks, people increasingly communicate with each other, bypassing the
state and involved, and state control. 2. IT field is a factor of social life, and the
Internet is increasingly affecting the state of political, economic, social and other
spheres of public life. 3. At the turn of the century and the millennium in modern
states largely unchanged structural dominant sector and the media. 4. All the more
acute competition between different social and political actors in the information
space.
These trends led to the need to review the strategy and tactics of the most
developed countries in the information field. That is why the main content of the
information policy in developed countries account for systematic action of public
authorities for the improvement of information relations. Among the main ones
being the following: the development of e-government and e-state, modernization
of information legislation, protect its information space and countering information
aggression by other states, the fight against cybercrime.
Also established a complete system emergency management, which includes
mitigation programs, critical infrastructure protection, information security,
information sharing
between
ministries
and agencies,
agreements
with
international partners and the private sector protection information.
The generalization of international experience to determine priority areas
such implementing state information policy in Ukraine:
– modernization of infrastructure of national information space of Ukraine;
– introduction of e-governance; computerization of the state apparatus and
process of preparation and adoption of the most important socially significant
management decisions; creation of electronic databases, corporate and political and
administrative systems;
– harmonization of national standards and norms in the area of information
with international standards;
– development of information security Ukraine, including improving the
forms, methods and tools for identifying, assessing and predicting threats to
information security of Ukraine, as well as systems to counter those threats;
– expansion of cooperation with international bodies and organizations to
combat cybercrime;
– providing conditions for active participation of Ukraine in the creation and
use of global information networks and systems;
– improving the information culture of citizens;
– a unified system of training in the field of information security and
information technology.
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