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Surgical Robotics
By Bernadette Wagner RN, CNOR

Describe the use of Robots in performing surgery

Describe Hardware and Software programs

Assess the Role and Function of the Nurse

Describe the Advantages/Disadvantages from a
Nursing perspective


Surgical robot is a computer controlled
device used by a surgeon
Surgical robotics is minimally invasive and
precise


An alternative to open and laparoscopic
surgery
Used successfully in over tens of thousands
cases: Cardiothoracic, Gynecologic, Urology
and Pediatric surgeries


Robotic Arm-Automated Endoscopic System
for Optimal Positioning (AESOP)
Haptic Sensor- a sensor that gives the
surgeon a “sense” of touch during remote
surgery

Computer Console with 3D high definition
visualization

Teleoperated Surgical Instruments
In Robotic Surgery
Voice Recognition
Depth Q Capture©
Depth Q Player©
Software Program

Criteria:

1. Human Computer Interaction(HCI)

2. Usability

3. Ergonomics

Hardware, Software and
Telecommunications
Networks
Special Purpose

Greater patient satisfaction and comfort

Revise patient education pre and post op

Nurses commitment to continued education
(Morris,2005)
Advantages


Greater patient
satisfaction and
comfort
Nursing advancement
and involvement in
“cutting-edge”
procedures and
training
Disadvantages


Robots eliminate the
need for nursing
personnel ?
Expensive price tag

Legal liability from state to state

State Licensure

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
Act (HIPPA)
Competencies required
Educator
Consultant
Informatics
Nurse
System Specialist
Project Manager
Summary
Robotic Surgery
American Association of Colleges of Nursing(AACN).
(2009).Nursings aging population. Retrieved April
16, 2010, from http://www.aacn.nche.edu
Morris, B. (2005). Robotic Surgery: Applications,
Limitations, and Impact on Surgical Education.
Medscape General Medicine, 7(3). Retrieved March
2,2010, from
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/511854
National Instruments Developer Zone. (2008).
Robotic Surgery Moves from Science Fiction to
Reality. Retrieved March 26, 2010, from
http://zone.nicom/devzone/cda/pub/p/id/257
Social Science Research Network (SSRN). (2010).
Legal and ethical issues in telemedicine and
robotics. International Journal of Gynecology and
Obstetrics. Vol.94,(pp.73-78). Retrieved April 17,
2010, from
http://papersssrn.com/so13/papers.cfm?abstractid=944833
Staggers, N., Gassert ,C., Curran, C.(2001).
Informatics competencies for nurses at four levels
of practice. Journal of Nursing Education, 40(7),
303-316.
Staggers, N.(2003). Human factors: Imperative
concepts for information systems in critical are.
AACN Clinical Issues, 14(3), 310-319.
Stair, R., & Reynolds, G. (2008). Principles of
information systems (8th ed.). Boston,MA:
Thompson Course Technology.
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