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Positive and Negative Space?
• Positive space
– can be thought of as the space that is occupied by or
represents the objects in a picture.
• Negative space
– Can be thought of as the empty space that surrounds
objects in a picture.
A loose comparison can be made between the
positive and negative space and the foreground
and the background of an image
Positive and Negative space cont.
The easiest way to think about
positive and negative space is in
terms of black objects and white
background. This is in effect
creating a silhouette of an object
on a white surface.
Well, maybe it’s a little more
than a silhouette. But this is a
good start.
Now that’s better.
From here, all you need to do
is decide what areas (shapes)
you could change to white
(negative) that will add to, and
clarify our image without
destroying its overall form.
Lets Give it a Try
When your
Positive
andcreating
Negative
spaces
your
cardboard
can be flipped
around.
relief
the spaces you
cut away will become
Using the cut away
your white (negative
(negative) space for
space) areas, and the
your image and
parts you leave will
leaving the (positive)
become your
background will give
black/coloured
you a very different
(positive space) areas
effect.
Some
things will
have to go,
while others
may need to
be added.
Now you try!
Positive and negative space
“mixing it up”
Switching your positive and negative space gives the
impression of your object extending beyond the frame
Some more
examples of
“mixing it up”
Through the
center of
both tires
•Dividing the image between a negative and
positive space adds interest to the image.
•Maintaining a balance between the two
spaces and paying attention to where the
division line falls are important
considerations
Through the
center of the
image
Choosing/Creating your image
Things to think about
1
Difficult images may not give you
the effect your looking for in the
end.
Remember your negative space
will be made up of a series of
parallel lines. What direction do
you want your lines to run on your
image?
-How much detail does your image have?
Images with large shapes will be easier to
create using only positive and negative
space, but details will add interest to your
work.
2
-Is their a balance between the positive and
negative space in your image. Having
balance will create a more visually
appealing final product.
3
-realism? Abstraction? Abstract?
Any
one of these can be used successfully with
this process. Choose what you are most
comfortable with.
#1- On Paper
• Choose/draw and image you will use for
your relief print
• Experiment with different ways of
producing your image using the positive
and negative techniques we looked at
#2- On your cardboard
• Transfer your decided upon picture on
your piece of cardboard using carbon
paper or making your own carbon paper
• Colour in all the sections you are going to
leave (your positive space) leaving all the
negative space blank.
• This will make it easier to keep track of what you
want to remove and what not.
#3- Printing
• Put one thin layer of acrylic paint on your
now completed printing block and let it dry
• Double check that your print is ready (that all
“bits” have been removed
• Ink your block (cardboard) and placing your
paper on top rub it firmly in all places in all
directions.
– Be sure you rub up and down each space of the
corrugation or your print will not turn out .
BE C R E AT I V E
Stencilling
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