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Real Estate and Planning
Mohammed Rizvi
Ethnicity, conflicts and the role of spatial planning - A concept of 'reverseethnocracy'
Abstract: Rizvi’s research explores the role of spatial planning in ethnic conflicts and
violence. His research aims to (A) explain the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka using the theoretical
framework of ethnocracy with case studies of public housing projects and (B) scale down
ethnocracy to a community level to study a divisive community housing project in the context
of regional concentration of ethnic minorities. In light of findings of the latter, he argues for a
new concept of ‘reverse-ethnocracy’ that may be operational at local levels within an
ethnocratic regime. He shows how housing development planning may be used for
ethnocratic intentions that become instrumental to ethnic conflicts and violence both within
an ethnocracy and a reverse-ethnocracy.
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