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Проблемы и перспективы развития строительного;pdf

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-3
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1
1
2
-
,
,
,
,
-
.
-
2
3
1.
(
).
2.
.
3.
,
–
–
:
,
;
.
-
-
,
-
3
4
-
,
.
4
)
4.5
0.6
0.4
0.4
1000 °C
0.3
900 °C
850 °C
0.2
0.2
0.5
)
,
-
3
2.5
0.3
2
3.5
0.5
1100 °C
/(
4
1200 °C
0.5
M( ),
T = 1000
1300 °C
0.6
x 10
T = 800
2
1.5
T = 500
1
1000
°C
11
T = 300
1250 °C
0.5
1.5
1.5
22
,
0
-
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
,14
-
(
)
-
(
)
4
0.08
T
630–830
0.07
,
.
M( ,T),
10
/(
2
10
10
8 – 14
0.06
0.05
)
4
6000
0.04
-
3–5
0.03
3000
10
5
2
0.02
2000
1500
2000
0.9 – 1.8
,
-
0.8 – 0.9
0.01
-
0.7 – 0.8
1000
800
0
10 000
1000
T
0
0
500
1000
1500
600
,
400
-2
,
,
300
200
10
10
10
-4
,
-6
-
77
-8
10
-1
T,2000
-
10
0
5
10
1
10
2
,
0.1
6
-
,
.
-
4-5
,
Pyrovision
M9103 M9104
8–14
0.8
700–3000
0.63–0.83
800–1700
2000
,
3000
,
4 000–36 000
6
8–10 %
1.5–2 %
40 000
3 000
), s )
·10-10,
=1300 º
12
0.4
10
Ttv
0.3
.
0.7–0.9
6
0.2
exp b
,
2
4
(1)
0.1
–
/ –
2
b=
8
)
( )
2
2
,
( ).
=800 º
0
3
1
2
2
2 1 3
Tr 2
T
2 3
eps2
1/Tr1 - 1/Tr2
Tr1
1/Tr3 - 1/Tr2
3
1
1 2
5
Tr 3
1.5
2
x 10
2
2.5
0
,
3
3
4
2
= 0.2
3
1
1/Tr3 - 1/Tr2, 1/
2
0.8
0.6
0.4
0
-4
2
2
-3
2
-2
-1
-5
x 10
1/Tr1 - 1/Tr2, 1/
0
0
1
-2
=1
,
6
0.2
4
= 0.9
1
0
0.2
= 0.5
2
2,
1.0
-
-1
-5
x 10
-2
-4
1/Tr3 - 1/Tr2, 1/
7
-3
-2
-1
1/Tr1 - 1/Tr2, 1/
0
1
-5
x 10
7
10-300
8
8
.
.
.
, R, G, B
- G, G- B
R
0.4
Tr1, Tr2
Tr3,
0.35
.
.
2
2(
)=
( )
R(
)
( )/2.5
-
)
.
.
.
, G, B
.
R
( ) , f( )/2.5
,
0.25
i
0.3
0.15
f
1(
0.2
( )/2
( )
)
R-G(
)
3(
)
( ) B( )
0.1
0.45
( )/2
0.4
0.05
0.35
( ) , f( )
0.3
0
550
630–830
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
,
0.25
0.2
,
0.15
SL 730/200,
0.1
0.05
0
1(
400
600
800
,
1000
)=
R-G(
1200
9
)
( ),
2(
)=
R(
)
( )
:
3( ) = B( )
( )
9
10
,
60
50
V1(T), V2(T)
V3(T)
1.
/
10
4
.
4log2[Vi( i,T)] = log2[ Di( i,T)/ ]
Di( i,T)
.
Vi( i,T)
20
10
0120 130
-
Vi ,
2.
10
3
Vi = Di( i,T)/ ,
V2
,
-
40
30
D1, D2, D3,
-
140 150 160 D
.
-
10
2
Vi( i,T)
log2[Vi( i,T)] = log2[ Di( i,T)/ ]
.
Di( i,T)
3.
-
10
4-
1
.
V1(T)
V2(T)
V3(T)
Tr1, Tr2, Tr3.
10
Tr2
0
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
T,
–
1500
o
1600
1700
C
,
–
10-300
10
-
11
ef2
2
exp b
2
,
v = D/
D
-
v1
2
1 b
1
-
v2
2
1 b
v3
2
1 b
Ttv
,
–
(
I(Ttv)
, Fi(Ttv) –
),
I(Ttv)
–
v
b,
( ), . .
Ttv
F1 Ttv ,
2
Ttv
F2 Ttv ,
3
Ttv
F3 Ttv ,
.
.
z T , v1 , v2 , v3
.
–
630–850
,
1ef, 2ef,
vi.
vi
T
v1
v2
T
v3
v2
0
-4
z
,
3ef
1
2
x 10
0
-2
-4
10 ,
-
-4
.
-6
-8
-
-10
( ),
-12
.
-14
,
-
-16
1150
0.01-0.02.
11
1200
1250
1300
1350
1400
1450
1500
T*,
12
v1, v2, v3
T*, 2*, b*
T = 1250 ,
2 = 0.5,
b = 0.21 1/
T*,
2
*, b*
b*, 1/
2*
T*,
T*,
2*,
b* (
T*, 2*, b*,
T = 1250 ,
)
T = 1250
12
,
2
= 0.5
b = 0.21 1/
13
b,
1/
0.3
b( , 2)
0.2
= 1.4
0.1
:
–
0
b
;
1/
=0
b, 0.3
-0.1
b3 = 0.21
b2 = 0
–
b
1/
0.2
b
2
80
361
8
361
2
2
72
361
b
2
–
= -0.7
-0.2
= -1.4
-0.3
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.1
.
0
b,
-0.1
T
2.
-0.2
ef2
b1 = – 0.21
-0.3
0.2
.
2*,
)
1/
0.3
0.4
0.5
b*
0.6
0.7
T*,
T = 1250 ,
T = 1250 , 2 = 0.5
0.8
2*,
0.9
12
b*,
T*, 2*, b* (
b: b1 = - 0.21, b2 = 0 b3 = 0.21 1/
13
0.7
0.8
0.9
12
14
T
800
1700
Tr3,
2
.
Tmax.
14
Tr1, Tr2
-
,
Tmax
,
.
15
15
16
,
(
25
t=2
2 = 0.55
T2max = 1186 C
19
t=1
2 = 0.74
T2max = 1194 C
16
)
(
)
(
17
)) 17
18
1.
,
,
,
MT9V034STC
-
,
.
2.
( )
2
0.015–0.02.
18
-
1/--страниц
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