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Early Exploration of California
By Bonnie Rodriguez
June 2007
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/shepherd/explorer_map_shepherd.jpg
The Conquistadors
► Early
Spanish explorers were called
conquistadors. Conquistador means
“conqueror.”
► They came to the Americas in search of
riches and to change people’s beliefs to
Christianity.
► A famous conquistador was Hernando
Cortes, who defeated the Aztecs.
Finding a Shortcut
• Explorers wanted to find a shortcut to
Asia, to make trading easier.
http://www.mariner.org/exploration/mm_images/MSm0400-1_large.jpg
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
• Cabrillo was looking
for a shortcut to Asia.
• He found San Diego
in 1542.
• His exploring helped
the Spanish learn
about the coast of
Alta California.
http://www.etsu.edu/cas/history/resources/Private/Faculty/Fac_To1
877ChapterDocFiles/ChapterImages/Ch2cabrillo.jpg
Francis Drake
• Francis Drake wanted
to find a shortcut to
Asia too.
• He sailed for England.
• While sailing up the
Pacific Ocean, he
attacked many
Spanish settlements.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Francis_drake.jpg
Alta California
• The Spanish wanted
to start a colony in
Alta California before
someone else came
along.
• A colony is a
settlement that is
ruled by a faraway
government.
http://media.maps.com/magellan/Images/CALEX
P-W2.gif
Missions
• Spanish leaders
wanted to start their
colony by building
missions.
• A mission is a
religious
settlement.
http://www.barnhartschool.com/beilstein/images/California-missions-map_000.jpg
Spanish Missions
• Missions were run by missionaries, or a
person who teaches religion to others.
• Missionaries tried to convert Indians to the
Catholic religion, teach them Spanish and
show them the Spanish ways of life.
San Diego
http://www.moonblink.info/Pictures/index.cgi?item=Cruising1a/01CabrilloPan/Web
• Spanish explorers traveled to Alta California to
establish settlements.
• The reached San Diego Bay in 1769.
Junipero Serra
• A priest named
Junipero Serra began
the first of 21
missions in Alta
California in San
Diego.
• It was called San
Diego de Alcala.
http://www.sandiegohistory.org/bio/serra/images/serra.jpg
Monterey
• The Spanish had heard that Monterey had a
good bay and set out to find it.
• Gaspar de Portola found Monterey Bay in 1770.
http://www.celestedavidsonmannis.com/images/lobos_panorama.jpg
Is There a Better Way?
• The route to Alta California was hard.
There were mountains and deserts to
cross. Many of the routes lacked grass
and water.
• Even though it was hard, people still came
to California.
Quiz
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Why did early Spanish “conquistadors”
come to the Americas?
What was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo looking
for?
What did missionaries do?
Who was Junipero Serra?
Why was exploring California difficult?
1/--страниц
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