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Poets, Musicians and
Reciters
Status and personality in
Islamic oral performance
Islamic tradition
 The


Qur’an and its recitation…
Not Music
Not Poetry
The Hadith
 Unfavourable
opinions of:
Music
 Non-Quranic reciation


Prophet: "From among my followers there will be
some people who will consider illegal sexual
intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of
alcoholic drinks, and the use of musical
instruments as lawful. And (from them), there will
be some who will stay near the side of a mountain, and
in the evening their shepherd will come to them with
their sheep and ask them for something, but they will
say to him, 'Return to us tomorrow.' Allah will destroy
them during the night and will let the mountain
fall on them, and Allah will transform the rest of
them into monkeys and pigs and they will remain
so till the Day of Resurrection.”
Al-Bukhari 7:494
(http://muttaqun.com/music.html)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him) made allowances for certain types of musical
instruments at weddings and the like, and he made
allowances for women to play the daff (drum) at
weddings and on other joyful occasions. But the men
at his time did not play the daff (drums) or clap
with their hands. It was narrated in Al-Saheeh that
he said: "Clapping is for women and tasbeeh
(saying Subhaan Allah) is for men." And he cursed
women who imitate men and men who imitate
women.
Shaykh Ibn Taymiyah
(http://muttaqun.com/music.html)
Got Nusrat?
Reclaiming the sacred

Musical and lyrical performance in ritual
Profane Medium
Special Performer
Special Audience

Recitation of the Qur’an
Sacred Medium
Special Performer
Special Audience
Inversion of Status

Musical and lyrical
performance


Status from performer
and audience…
To text

Recitation of the
Qur’an


Status from text…
To performer and
audience
The performer and listener

Wajd
Ecstasy in production and consumption of text.
 Self control.
 The real thing
 “Mystical” process for performer and listener.


Tilāwa
Emotional response to Surat Al-Fatiha.
 Recitation by children.
 Professional training.

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