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SP/3
System Wide Information
Management (SWIM)
SWIM Program
Overview
Presented to: Asia/Pacific Air Traffic Service Message Handling
System (AMHS)/SWIM Workshop
By: Hoang Tran, FAA International Telecommunication Service
Location: Chiang Mai, Thailand
Date: 5-6 March , 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
Agenda
• SWIM Overview
• SWIM Segment 1
• SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Governance
• Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
• International Coordination
• Cloud Computing
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
2
Program Concept
SWIM is an Information Technology (IT) infrastructure program that
operates in the background to provide data to authorized users to
facilitate collaboration across National Airspace System (NAS) domains
• SWIM will:
― Implement a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) in the NAS by
providing Enterprise Infrastructure services that include messaging,
security, enterprise service management, and interface management
― Ensure adherence to common standards (Governance)
― Allow the FAA to create new system interfaces more quickly and costeffectively than is possible today
― Facilitate the data-sharing that is required for the Next Generation Air
Transportation System (NextGen)
• NAS Programs using SWIM Enterprise Infrastructure will receive SWIM
support during their Investment Analysis phase as well as during their
Development phase of the new services
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
3
SWIM Concept
• Migrate the NAS to SOA
– Makes it easier to establish interfaces
between systems
• Get the right information to the right place
at the right time
– Facilitate Shared Situational Awareness
– Facilitate Collaborative Decision Making
(CDM)
• Establish governance over service
implementations
• Represents significant cultural change
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
4
SOA organizes technical capabilities in a
standard way to allow flexible accomplishment
of constantly changing demands
S
O
A
Service
Capabilities performed by one for
another to achieve a desired
outcome
SOA establishes services as the
mechanism by which needs and
capabilities are brought together
Oriented
When capabilities are self-contained
and independent to enable a
collection of services to be linked
together to solve a business problem
Architecture
The fundamental organization of a
system embodied in its capabilities,
their interactions, and the
environment
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
SOA standardizes the necessary
interfaces and behavior to support
interaction
SOA provides an organizing and
delivery paradigm that derives
greater value by reusing existing
software solutions rather than
duplicating capabilities
Federal Aviation
Administration
5
SWIM is a SOA Implementation
• SWIM provides:
― SOA technology infrastructure
― Governance to ensure that information management standards
and processes are followed
• Leads to consistent service development, operation, and
management across the enterprise
• By following SOA standards and principles:
― SWIM makes services available on a network
― Enables systems on the network seeking those services to
invoke them without having to change or adapt to the underlying
implementation of the service (i.e., loose coupling)
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
6
What types of information are
shared through SWIM?
SWIM facilitates more efficient sharing of Air Traffic
Management (ATM) system information, such as:
•Airport surface management information
•Weather data
•Flight planning data
•Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs)
•Status of navigational aids
•Airspace restrictions
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
7
Benefits of SWIM
•
Business and IT Alignment
– Systems design is driven by a market forces model (supply and demand)
– Systems are grown to evolve with the environment rather than designed and built
as a fixed structure (a city vs. a building)
•
Adaptability
– Agility: allow for rapid enhancement of services capability
– Flexibility: enable on-demand composition and restructuring of services to meet
business needs
•
Interoperability
– Priority on exposing capability for rapid consumption
– Create ability for unanticipated utilization (emergent behaviors)
•
Reuse
– Maximize utility of the services provided
– Maximize utilization of existing services (eliminate/reduce development)
•
Scalability
– Distribution of effort: widely distribute the development of capability
– Distribution of value: enable wide access to capability
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
8
Options for NAS Evolution
More point-to-point unique
interfaces
– NAS SYSTEM INTERFACES IN
THE LEGACY ENVIRONMENT
– BUSINESS
Host
ETMS
Costly development, test,
maintenance, CM
AS USUAL
WARP
New decisions linked to
old data constructs
IDS/
ERIDS
ASDE
Cumbersome data access
outside the NAS
ATOP
ERAM
STARS/
CIWS
TAMR
TMA
Existing point-to-point
hardwired NAS
Unique interfaces, custom
designs
– ENTERPRISE
MANAGEMENT
(SWIM)
SWIM-Compliant
Non-Government
Systems
FTI
ATOP
TDDS
TFM
InterAgency
ERAM
ITWS
ARTS/
SWIM-Compliant
Government
Systems
FAA Systems
LEGEND
SWIM Segment 1
SWIM Future Services
SWIM Adapter
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
9
Conceptual Overview
Terminal
Controllers
En Route
Controllers
NextGen Applications
AIXM
System
Developers
Non-FAA Users
(e.g., Airlines, DoD
DHS, ANSPs)
FIXM
FAA
Command Center
WXXM
Standards for Data Exchange
SWIM Messaging Infrastructure
FTI IP Backbone
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
10
Segmented Approach to SWIM
• SWIM Segment 1:
― Implementation of a set of federated services in the NAS with SWIMprovided governance, standards, and software to support development
of reusable SOA services
― SWIM provides requirements, schedule, and funding to seven other
NAS programs; tracks progress via formal monthly reviews
― Segment 1 results in SOA services deployed to all Air Route Traffic
Control Centers (ARTCCs), 39 Terminal Radar Approach Controls
(TRACONs), the Air Traffic Control System Command Center, the
William J. Hughes Technical Center (WJHTC), and NAS Enterprise
Management Centers (NEMCs)
• SWIM Segment 2:
― Continues provision of governance, standards, and software to
additional NAS programs
― Implements enterprise messaging service for new “SWIM Implementing
Programs” (SIPs) and facilitates transition by Segment 1 SIPs
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
11
Agenda
• SWIM Overview
• SWIM Segment 1
• SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Governance
• Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
• International Coordination
• Cloud Computing
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
12
SWIM Segment 1
• Federated Approach
– Implementation of a set of federated services in the NAS with
SWIM-provided governance, standards, and software to support
development of reusable SOA services
– SWIM provides:
– Overall Program Cost and Schedule
– SWIM System Engineering and Requirements Management
– Definition and Maintenance of Program Level Agreements (PLAs)
with implementing programs
– Governance of SIPs
– SIPs are responsible for:
– Managing the development and deployment of allocated SWIM
requirements per the SWIM Final Program Requirements (FPR)
document and in accordance with the SWIM Program Schedule
– Reporting progress against schedule
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
13
SWIM Segment 1 Enterprise
Infrastructure and Tools
• NAS Service Registry/Repository (NSRR), a central
repository to help users discover, use and (whenever
possible) reuse Web services
• Developer Tools:
– SWIM Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) Products
Repository (SCPR), which provides a single point
from which implementing programs can retrieve COTS
products, tools, and artifacts
– SWIM Wiki, which provides a forum for developers
and other members of the SWIM development
community
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
14
Service Registry/Repository
• A Service Registry is a resource that provides
controlled access to data necessary for the
implementation and governance of Service Oriented
Architecture (SOA) projects
• A Repository is a database containing the artifacts
and metadata that constitutes a SOA registry
Note: These are usually referenced as one product, often called a Registry/Repository
• A Registry/Repository provides:
– Centralized discovery
– Centralized deployment
– Lifecycle governance
– Policy and standards enforcement
– Automated service notification mechanism
– Central to any SOA infrastructure in the promotion of reuse
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
15
Registry/Repository
Discover
and Retrieve
Contract
Service
Consumer
Service
Registry
Exchange Messages
Publish
and Register
Contract
Service
Provider
"In fact, it was the existence of a discovery mechanism that primarily distinguished SOA
from previous distributed architecture models."
Principles of Service Design
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
16
NSRR
• The SWIM Program has
stood-up a National
Airspace System (NAS)
Service
Registry/Repository
• This creates a central
repository to help users
discover, use and,
whenever possible,
reuse Web services
• The Hewlett Packard Systinet V3.2. product is being
used to implement the NSRR
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
17
NSRR
• Publishers manage and store metadata and service
artifacts about their services in a single location.
This information includes:
– Service Description
– Classifications: Protocol Types, Service Category, and Delivery
Channels
– Access Information: Interface Requirements Documents (IRDs),
Web Service Definition Language (WSDL) files, and endpoints
• Potential consumers search the registry in order to
discover NAS services that will be/are available for
consumption.
• Potential consumers have access to metadata and
service artifacts prior to consuming a service. They
can then use this information to request services
from the providers.
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
18
NSRR and Governance
• Governance organizations ensure that
publishers are in compliance with policies
and requirements
• Contracts between publishers and
consumers are created, negotiated, and
enforced
• The lifecycle of the NAS services can be
effectively managed and service changes
can be efficiently approved and implemented
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
19
SCPR
• Provides a single point from which
implementing programs can retrieve COTS
products, tools, and artifacts.
• Stores current and previous versions of
supported COTS products.
• Enables the program to more effectively
manage version control by ensuring that
implementing programs are only using
tested, supported and validated versions of
the COTS products.
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
20
SCPR
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
21
SWIM Wiki
• Provides a forum where developers and
other members of the SWIM development
community can:
– prepare, distribute and update living documents;
– post topics for discussion including issues, concerns,
and lessons learned; and
– store important information and resources such as
guidance, standards, and integration patterns
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
22
SWIM Wiki
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
23
SWIM Segment 1 Capabilities
Aeronautical Information
Management (AIM)
Community of Interest (COI)
Special Use Airspace (SUA)
Automated Data Exchange
Weather COI
Flight & Flow Management
(F&FM) COI
Corridor Integrated Weather
System (CIWS) Publication
Flight Data
Publication Service (FDPS)
Integrated Terminal Weather
System (ITWS) Publication
SWIM Terminal Data
Distribution System (STDDS)
Pilot Report (PIREP) Data
Publication
Flow Information
Publication
Runway Visual Range (RVR)
Publication
Capabilities will be implemented as multiple
services by SIPs through FY15
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Reroute
Data Exchange
Federal Aviation
Administration
24
Segment 1 Status Summary
•
SWIM Segment 1 commits to delivery of 9 capabilities, 8 of which are
on track:
― Two capabilities are complete and operational:
 ITWS Data Publication
 CIWS Data Publication
― Three capabilities are complete and waiting for installation:
• Weather Message Switching Center Replacement (WMSCR)
PIREP Data Publication
• AIM SUA Automated Data Exchange
• Pre-Departure Reroute
― Three capabilities are on schedule and within budget allocations:
• STDDS
• Flow Data Publication
• RVR Data Publication
― One capability is has been replanned but is expected to be on schedule
and within budget allocation:
• Flight Data Publication Service (FDPS)
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
25
Segment 1 Products
Capability
ITWS Data
Publication
CIWS Data
Publication
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Airport Lightning Warning
Configured Alerts
Forecast Accuracy
Forecast Contour
Forecast Image
Gust Front TRACON Map
Microburst TRACON Map
Precipitation 5nm
Precipitation Long Range
Precipitation TRACON
Tornado Alert
• Vertically Integrated Liquid Water
(VIL) Mosaic (1km resolution)
• VIL 2-hr. Forecast
• Echo Tops Mosaic (1km resolution)
• Echo Tops 2hr. Forecast
• Satellite Mosaic
WMSCR PIREP • PIREPs
Data
Publication
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Products
Tornado Detections Wind Profile
Storm Motion (SM) Storm
Extrapolated Positions (SEP) 5nm
SM SEP Long Range
SM SEP TRACON
Terminal Weather Text Normal
Anomalous Propagation (AP)
Indicated Precipitation
AP Status
Gust Front Estimated-Time-To-Impact
(ETI)
Storm Info: Echo Top Tags
Storm Info: Leading Edges
Storm Info: Motion Vectors
VIL Forecast Contours (Std. Mode)
VIL Forecast Contours (Winter Mode)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hazard Text 5nm
Hazard Text Long Range
Hazard Text TRACON
ITWS Status Information
Microburst Automatic Terminal
Information Service (ATIS)
Runway Configuration
Storm Motion 5NM
Storm Motion TRACON
Terminal Weather Text Special
Wind Shear ATIS
•
•
•
•
•
Echo Tops Forecast Contours
Growth & Decay Contours
Forecast Accuracy: Echo Tops
Forecast Accuracy: Std. Precip
Forecast Accuracy: Winter Precip
• Altimeter settings
Federal Aviation
Administration
26
Segment 1 Products (cont.)
Capability
Products
• SUA data, dynamically provided in the • AIXM SUA definitions
Aeronautical Information Exchange
Model (AIXM) standard
AIM SUA Data
Exchange
• SUA data, dynamically via an
improved Air Traffic Control (ATC)
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
STDDS
• Airport Surface Detection SystemModel X (ASDE-X) streaming data
service
• Surface Movement Events (SME)
• Tower Departure Events (TDE)
Flow Data
Publication
• Flow Constrained Area (FCA)
• Airspace Flow Program (AFP)
• Ground Delay Program (GDP)
• Ground Stops (GSs)
• Reroutes
• Advisories
FDPS
• Flight Information Service (FIS)
• Track Information Service (TIS)
• Airspace Utilization Information
Services
• Communication Information Services
• Beacon Code Management
Information Services
• Status Information Services
• Metering Information Services
• Interfacility Information Services
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
27
Benefits of SWIM-Enabled
Weather Services
• ITWS
CIWS
– Without SWIM, ITWS and CIWS only distribute images, not data, to
subscribers
– Through SWIM, ITWS and CIWS distribute data, which may be
integrated into situational displays, providing subscribers with the same
information as the FAA
• WMSCR PIREPs
– Through SWIM, WMSCR data is distributed in near-realtime, allowing
subscribers to process the information
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
28
Example: ITWS
• There are more than 10,000 airports in the US, yet less than 100 Air
Traffic Control Towers have direct access to ITWS Situation Displays
• SWIM enables ITWS information to be accessed by those without direct
access, facilitating common situational awareness
ITWS information accessed through ITWS
Situation Display
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
ITWS information accessed via Internet
Federal Aviation
Administration
29
ITWS Team on SWIM
The SWIM infrastructure and data formats left us
perfectly positioned to begin immediately leveraging the
capabilities of the Google geospatial applications once
there was a requirement for visualizing our data. The
integration tools we needed were right at our fingertips
as they already existed as part of the SWIM
Development Environment.
– David Reiser , ITWS Team, Volpe Center
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
30
Agenda
• SWIM Overview
• SWIM Segment 1
• SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Governance
• Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
• International Coordination
• Cloud Computing
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
31
SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Segment 2 received Authorization to Proceed (ATP) from
the FAA Joint Resource Council (JRC) in November 2010
– Authorized 2 years of funding (FY11-12), divided into planning and
procurement activities for prototypes and work toward a Segment 2
Final Investment Decision (FID)
― SWIM to provide the enterprise SOA infrastructure within the NAS for
individual programs to use
― SWIM will support the Technical Review Board (TRB) in ensuring that
SOA governance complies with NAS regulations
― Specific SOA tools are being prototyped as Segment 2 candidates
• Segment 2 prototyping has identified new opportunities that
may reduce cost and risk of Segment 1 services
― NAS Enterprise Messaging Service (NEMS) to be provided via FAA
Telecommunications Infrastructure (FTI), building on the Airport Surface
Detection Equipment - Model X (ASDE-X) prototype
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
32
Segment 2 Core Services
Segment 2 Core Services supported by SWIM
include:
• Messaging - reliable messaging as well as
publish/subscribe services
• Interface Management - interface specification,
discovery, and schema management
• Security –authentication, authorization, and audit
services
• Enterprise Service Management - service
monitoring, service configuration, and system
monitoring
NEMS is providing Messaging Services
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
33
SWIM Segment 2 Enterprise
Infrastructure
(via FTI)
• NEMS, which will provide the SWIM Segment 2
Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) via Oracle WebLogic,
Oracle Internet Directory (OID), and other COTS products
• Domain Name Service (DNS), which will provide naming
and name-to-address resolution services across the
Enterprise
• Network Time Protocol (NTP) and Precision Time
Protocol (PTP), which will provide time synchronization
services across the Enterprise
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
34
NEMS Deployment
• DEX is the operational prototype NEMS
• Current DEX deployment includes messaging nodes at:
– NAS Enterprise Security Gateways (NESGs) (Atlanta and Atlantic City)
– FTI National Test Bed (FNTB) (Atlantic City)
– R&D Domain (Atlantic City)
• Four internal NAS nodes will be installed: early 2012
– Used for NAS-to-NAS distribution of SOA data products
– Node Locations: ACY, ZTL, OEX, ZLC
• Implement 2-way SOA data exchange
– Allows for non-NAS Producers to feed data into the NAS
– Planned completion date: Fall 2012
• DEX integration with Active MQ
– Planned completion date: March 2012
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
35
NEMS Message Node Locations
Current NEMS
messaging nodes at:
 Atlanta and Atlantic City
NESGs
 FNTB
Key
Current Message Node
Planned Message Node
 R&D Domain
Four internal NAS
nodes will be installed
beginning of 2012 at:
 ACY, ZTL, OEX, ZLC
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
36
Agenda
• SWIM Overview
• SWIM Segment 1
• SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Governance
• Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
• International Coordination
• Cloud Computing
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
37
SOA Governance
• Without a controlling entity, SOA is not only challenging to
manage, but it invites chaos because of its open and
distributed nature
• Because of this nature, SOA needs a management and
controlling entity
‒ Governance assures keeping services at a defined level in terms
of integrity, performance, reliability, and currency
‒ Governance also enforces security of enterprise data and privacy
of information shared across boundaries
‒ It enforces integrity and reliability of data
‒ It ensures a certain level of performance and quality of all services
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
38
SWIM Governance
• WHO is responsible
– Governance Authority
• Initial Service Candidate Approval by Technical Review Board (TRB)
• SWIM manages remainder of lifecycle for approved programs
– Service Providers responsibilities documented
– Service Consumers responsibilities documented
• WHAT must they do
– SWIM Governance Policies v1.1
– SWIM Service Lifecycle Management Processes v1.0
• HOW must they do it
– Technical Standards coordinated with NAS Enterprise Architecture
• TV-1 Technical Standards Profile
• TV-2 Technical Standards Forecast
– FAA Standards
•
•
•
•
FAA-STD-063 XML Namespaces
FAA-STD-064 Web Service Registration
FAA-STD-065 Web Service Description Documents
FAA-STD-066 Web Service Taxonomies
– SWIM Version Management Processes v1.0
– NSRR User Guides
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
39
Segment 2 Governance
• Programs will use the enterprise SOA infrastructure
provided by SWIM
• Programs will not develop their own redundant
enterprise SOA infrastructure
• Programs will meet SWIM-compliance requirements
as required by Technology Review Board (TRB)
• Disputes related to implementation of enterprise
SOA will be resolved by the TRB
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
40
Scope of SWIM Governance
It’s a part of FAA Governance
What is FAA/ATO/NAS governance?
Establishing decision making rights
associated with the FAA/ATO/NAS
Establishing mechanisms and policies
used to measure and control the way
FAA/ATO/NAS decisions are made and
carried out
FAA Governance
ATO Governance
NAS Governance
SWIM
Governance
What is SWIM governance?
Extension of NAS governance focused
on the lifecycle of services to ensure
the business value of SWIM
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
SWIM Governance is a
catalyst for improving
overall NAS, Air Traffic
Organization (ATO) and FAA
governance
Federal Aviation
Administration
41
SWIM Compliance
• SWIM Compliance Definition:
– “Verified conformance to SWIM
Policies.” (SWIM Service Lifecycle
Management Processes v1.0)
• Verification Mechanisms
– Manual review of artifacts
– Governance-enabling Technology
• NSRR
• Testing Tools (Actional, Lisa, etc…)
• SWIM Web Service Security
Compliance Test Kit (SWIM WS-S CTK)
• Policy Servers
• XML Gateways
• Enterprise Service Management (ESM)
software
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
42
Service Lifecycle Management
Decisions
TRB
Investment Decision Authority
SWIM Governance Team
New proposal
Stage 1:
Service
Proposal
Stage 2:
Service
Definition
Stage 3:
Service
Development
Stage 4:
Service
Verification
Stage 5:
Service
Production
Stage 6:
Service
Deprecation
Stage 7:
Service
Retirement
In Service Decision (ISD) Authority
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
43
SOA Suitability Criteria
• NAS Enterprise View
– Potential for existing SWIM service to be utilized or tailored to
meet the requirement
– Potential for other users to benefit from the information exchange
– Potential hazards for exposing data through SWIM (e.g.,
proprietary data, non-FAA user access)
• Program View (Cost, Schedule, Technical)
– Life-Cycle Cost of SWIM versus other solutions
– System performance requirements: latency, transmission rate,
bandwidth, response time, overhead, etc.
– Safety/certification requirements
– Information security requirements
– Existing architecture/vendor solution impacts
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
44
SOA Suitability Assessments
SOA
Score
FY
Program
11
Alaska Satellite Telecommunications Infrastructure (ASTI)
11
ATO Resource Management Tool
11
Automatic Terminal Information System (ATIS)
Low
11
Aviation Environmental Design tool (AEDT)
High
11
Aviation Safety Knowledge Management Environment (ASKME) Segment 2
High
11
Facility Security Risk Management (FSRM) (Phase 2)
11
Flight Standards Inspector Aircraft Replacement (FSIAR)
Low
11
Instrument Flight Procedures Automation (IFPA) (Includes Tech Refresh)
High
11
Logistics Center Supply System (LCSS) Segment 2
11
Mobile Airport Surveillance Radar (MASR)
High
11
Surveillance and Broadcast Services (SBS)
High
11
Surveillance Interface Modernization (SIM)
High
12
Tower Flight Data Manager (TFDM)
High
Low
Medium
Medium
Medium
SWIM provides SOA Suitability Assessments as NAS programs
appear on a JRC watch list
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
45
Agenda
• SWIM Overview
• SWIM Segment 1
• SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Governance
• Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
• International Coordination
• Cloud Computing
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
46
Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
•
•
•
•
•
AAtS provides aircraft with a connection to NAS services enabled by SWIM
AAtS will improve aircraft situational awareness:
– Aircraft will have the same information the FAA uses to make ATM decisions
AAtS Concept:
– AAtS will initially use existing NAS and aircraft infrastructure
– Information delivered via AAtS is not intended for uses that directly affect the
trajectory of the aircraft
Data services via AAtS
– Services available on the NEMS will be available via AAtS
– The scalability of this capability is key:
• New data elements can be added more quickly, more easily, and less
expensively
• New NAS data will be made available to aircraft by granting operators
access to the additional data elements provided by SWIM
Note:
– FAA has no plans at this time to acquire a system or infrastructure to specifically
support AAtS
– AAtS will not replace existing or planned FAA systems
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
47
AAtS Activities
• Demos, Tests, and Simulations
– Beginning in late 2011
– Continuing to 2014
– Scope is to:
• Define and validate capabilities and interoperability solutions
• Define and validate operational changes and impacts
• Demonstrate the architecture in both domestic and oceanic/remote areas
• Architecture and technical profile definition underway
– Functional architecture is being developed in phases
• Demo – to support AAtS simulations and infrastructure development
(available for review)
• Mid-term – to support AAtS capability IOC in early 2014 (March 2012)
• Far-term – to support long term evolution (September 2012)
– Integrated Operational & Technical Requirements Document (IO&TRD)
• 2012
• Includes “Quick Start Users Guide”
FAA SWIM Overview
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Agenda
• SWIM Overview
• SWIM Segment 1
• SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Governance
• Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
• International Coordination
• Cloud Computing
FAA SWIM Overview
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Collaboration with Europe
• Past –
Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) between FAA and
the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation
(EUROCONTROL) for joint R&D
– In place for 25 years
– Work with EUROCONTROL will continue, but will
focus on near term and procedural issues
• New –
MOC between U.S./FAA and European Union/Single European Sky
ATM Research (SESAR) for civil aviation R&D
– Primary purpose of the MOC was to create a legal mechanism for
NextGen – SESAR collaboration
– Other joint aviation research (e.g., metrics or safety) may be added as
new annexes
FAA SWIM Overview
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Administration
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FAA-SESAR Work Groups
• Five Work Groups:
– Work Group 1: Transversal Activities
– Work Group 2: Information Management
– SWIM interoperability
– Information Management Interoperability
– Meteorological (MET) Information Exchange
– Work Group 3: Trajectory Management
– Work Group 4: Communication/Navigation/Surveillance (CNS) &
Airborne Interoperability
– Work Group 5: Collaboration Projects
FAA SWIM Overview
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Federal Aviation
Administration
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Collaboration with Japan
•
FAA-Japan Civil Aviation Bureau (JCAB) Harmonization of Future Air
Transportation System (FATS) Working Group
– Harmonize future US and Japanese air traffic management
systems
– Met on May, 2011: San Francisco
• NextGen/Collaborative Actions for Renovation of Air Traffic Systems
(CARATS) updates:
• SWIM update, common terminology, and demonstration status
• Flight Object (FO) demonstration status and data dictionary discussion
• Global Unique Flight Identifier (GUFI) discussion
• Established plan for performance assessment
– Met October, 2011: Tokyo
• NextGen/CARATS updates:
• Flight Data, Performance Metrics, 2012 SWIM Activities
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
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Collaboration with China
• Recent FAA-Civil Aviation Authority of China Air
Traffic Management Bureau (CAAC/ATMB)
workshops and demonstrations:
– December 2010, Shenzhen
– March 2011, Atlantic City
– September 2011: Washington, DC
– October 2011: Beijing
– Spring 2012: Washington, DC
FAA SWIM Overview
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Agenda
• SWIM Overview
• SWIM Segment 1
• SWIM Segment 2
• SWIM Governance
• Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS)
• International Coordination
• Cloud Computing
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
54
Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is “a model for enabling
convenient, on-demand network access to a
shared pool of configurable computing
resources… that can be rapidly provisioned
and released with minimal management effort
or service provider interaction.”
— National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
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FAA Cloud Computing Approach
• FAA National Airspace System (NAS) and non-NAS
organizations will work collaboratively on cloud
adoption under the leadership of the FAA’s Chief
Information Officer (CIO)
– The SWIM Program will be responsible for implementing cloud
in the NAS
– The FAA IT Infrastructure Board will be responsible for
oversight and guidance for FAA’s non-NAS IT infrastructure,
including cloud computing and data center consolidation efforts
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
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FAA Cloud Overview
• Driver: 25 Point Implementation Plan To Reform Federal
Information Technology Management
(Vivek Kundra, U.S. Chief Information Officer (CIO), December 9, 2010)
– “Each agency will identify three “must move” services within
three months, and move one of those services to the cloud within
12 months [December 2011] and the remaining two within 18
months [June 2012].”
• Driver: Federal Cloud Computing Strategy
(Kundra, February 8, 2011)
– Potential for addressing inefficiencies and reducing costs
– Improves government service delivery by allowing us to respond
faster
FAA SWIM Overview
5-6 March, 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
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FAA Cloud Objectives
• Support the Office of Management and Budget
(OMB) priority on cloud computing
• Reduce FAA’s total unit cost for servers and data
storage
• Increase the agility of the Information Technology
(IT) infrastructure
• Reduce the time to market of new IT capability
• Meet system security requirements as we pursue
cloud computing
• Seek standardized solutions that avoid vendor lock-in
FAA SWIM Overview
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Federal Aviation
Administration
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Questions and Comments?
FAA SWIM Overview
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Administration
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There are several ways to learn
more about SWIM
The SWIM website
describes the SWIM
program and provides
news, announcements,
and information on
current issues
It also contains key
documentation, including
select briefings, the
SWIM Newsletter, and
the SWIM Q&A
www.faa.gov/nextgen/swim
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