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Backward Lesson Planning
TCH 347
Social Studies in the
Elementary School
Department of Education
Shippensburg University
Han Liu, Ph. D.
Sequence of Backward Planning
1. A picture excited my mind
2. Think about what makes me interested in it
3. Make connections between the picture and
the social studies contents
4. Adapt content to appropriate grade level(S)
5. Relate to pedagogical theories and methods
6. Initiate class activities
7. Prepare materials
8. Identify objectives based on content
9. Align objectives with state standards
10. Match topics with NCSS Themes
11. Adjust instructional strategies
12. Modify class activities
13. Develop assessment
Her is the Picture
Why Doesn’t She Use the
Calculator?
• Selling modern calculators while
using a thousand years old
calculating antique
Related Topics
• Technology
• Culture
• History
• Geography
• Math
• Globalization
Grade Levels
• 4-6 Graders
Pedagogy
• Visual literacy education
• Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS)
• Visual Understanding in Education
(VUE)
• www.vue.org
Class Activity
• Students will be pondering on the
picture and make guesses on the
meaning of the picture
• Teacher: Elicit students’ responses and
guide the students to organize their
thoughts by topic categories
(technology,culture, history, geography,
math, globalization)
VTS Questions
1. What is going on in the picture?
2. What do you see that makes you
say that?
3. What more can you find?
Make Connections with Content
Areas
• Organize questions and answers by 5-Ws
 Who
 What
 When
 Where
 Why
Materials
• Get the Abacus-Calculator picture
readily available
• Prepare the Internet connection to
• Google Pictures of Abacus
• Google Pictures of Calculators
• Computer is a calculator
• Calculator
• Google.com
Map of the World
http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/mapcenter/map.aspx
Map of the World
• http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/mapcenter/map.aspx
Map of China
http://www.chinapage.com/map/map.html
Identify Objectives
• After this unit, students will be able to
 Know that abacus is an old fashioned
calculator
 Understand that calculating technology
advanced over a long period time
 Understand the relationship between
calculator and computer
 Understand people in different culture do
things differently
 Locate Shanghai in a map of the world
 Locate Shanghai in a map of China by
identifying its relevant location to Beijing,
Hong Kong, Tibet, and the Pacific Ocean.
State Standards
• Technology
• 3.7.4. GRADE 4
• Group tools and machines by their
function.
• Explain appropriate instrument selection
for specific tasks.
State Standards
• Geography
• 7.1.6. GRADE 6
• B. Describe and locate places and regions.
 Coordinate systems (e.g., latitude and longitude, time
zones)
NCSS Themes
• Culture
• Time, Continuity, and Change
• People, Places, and Environment
• Science, technology, and Society
• Globalization
Assessment
• Give 3 examples on technology
development over time
• Give 3 examples showing that
people of different culture do
things differently
Sequence of Backward Planning
1. A picture boggled my mind
2. Think about what makes me interested in it
3. Make connections between the picture and
the social studies topics
4. Adapt content to appropriate grade level(S)
5. Relate to pedagogical theories and methods
6. Initiate class activities
7. Prepare materials
8. Identify objectives based on content
9. Align objectives with state standards
10. Match topics with NCSS Themes
11. Adjust instructional strategies
12. Modify class activities
13. Develop assessment
Resources of Backward Lesson Planning
• http://www.glencoe.com/sec/teachingtoday/subject/backward
_mapping.phtml
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