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Present PerfeÑ t: Indefinite Past

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Present Perfeсt:
IndefinitePast
WhatЪneu, on ..Fe[dstein',?
Tunein Chonnel 4 tonight
ot 8:o0 аnd find oaV
|'vejuэt
t hou gh t of т hi o
СrazУ nеw idea|
жPЙINт
eОrneОne
new'
Have vou ever
Сhеck thе correct onswer.
Thе ..Feldstein''сast is talking
about things of importanсe to thеm
met anуonelika
uэ bеfore?
П .'o*.
П in thе past.
сI|ARтсI/IEсI(
I
Сirclе T (Truе)or
F (Folse).
т
F
You сan use
thе prеsеnt
pеrfeсt without
mеntioning a
spесifiс time.
sтAтЕlt,lЕNтs
Suвlвст| нon, I rшo'2| пo'' Plптlсlгlв|
Тhey
have
It
has
П b"forе the past
partiсiple
П at thе end of thе
statement
s4
appeared
beеn
on W.
For a сomplete presentation of present pеrfeсt forms,
seе Unit 11, pages 46_47.
sтATЕ]vtЕNтs WlтH ADVERBS
сHARтсIIEсK
2
Сheck thе corrеct
answer.
Never and just сome:
(not)
llltl
Suryвстi Hлvr (нoт) 1 Aovвпв i Pлsт Plптlсlпl-в;
They
have
It
has
They
have (not)
It
has (not)
just
rесentlу
I Aovвпв
appeared
bеen
on W.
appearеd
bееn
on ТV
lotelу,
reсentlу.
Present
Сircle T (True)or
F (Folse).
т F Ever has to bе
used in уеslno
quеStionS.
Hдvс' Suв,вст | (Evсп) 1Pяптtсlт,l-в
Havе
thеy
Has
she
(еver)
aсtеd?
won?
lndefinite Past
l
sHoRтANsWЕRs
II
YEs/NoQUEsтloNs
|
|Pдsт
сIIARт
сI]EсK3
Perfeсt:
Aггlпмдтlvв
Yes,
thеy have.
shе has.
NвсAтIvE
l
No,
they havеn,t.
shе h a s n ' t .
],yf,-QuEsтloNs
Wн- Woп o|нnn'| su,l.., | гo'' PлптlсlгI-в
|
How often
why
havе
they
aсtеd
on this show?
has
it
won
an award?
EхPREss
Unscromblеthesе words to form o quеstion.Answer the quеstion,
you . watсhеd о Have о .,The Simpsons,' о еver
srаmrжar ЕxрЕeЕetgens
ЖxamрЕes
l. Use thе presеnt pedeсt to talk about things
that happenеdat an indefinitеtime in the past.
You сan usе thе presentpeгfесtwhеn you don,t
know whеn somethinghappеnedor whеn thе
spесifiсtime is not important.
r
l
l
l
2. You сan u5еeyerwith thе presеnt реffесtto
ask questions.It mеans at ony timе up until now.
A: Havеyou won an award?
oR
Havе уoU ever won an awaгd?
B: No, |'ve never won one.
Use nevеr to answеr negativеly.
Тhey,ve woп sevеra|awards.
l,ve intеrviewed thе wholе сast.
She,sbeеn in a HoI|ywoodmoviе.
l,vе seen his show many timеs.
OR
No, пeyer.
3. Usе the prеsеnt perfесt with just, reсentlу,
orlаtelуtotalkaboutеventsinthеvеry
rесеnt past.
Usдсв Noтв: |n spokеn Ameriсan Еnglishpeoplе
oftеn use jиst and recenф with the simple past
tensеto ta|kabout indefinitetime.
I Wе,ve jиst gotten baсk fгom Los Angelеs.
l | , v е r e с e n t l уs i g n e d a с o n t r a с t t o w r i t e a b o o k '
l Hе hasn,t had timе lote!у.
r Wе just got baсk from Los Аngеles.
withthepresеntperfeсtandaspeсifiсpastNoт
time expression.
lаst+яояаау.
55
56 I
u ni t i 3
тRUЕ0R FALiEo Reod eаch numberedsеntenсе,Write T (Truе)or F (Folse)for the
stotеmеntthаt follows.
5. Arlene asks УoЦ, ..Have you read any
good books latеly?,,
1. I've reсеntly joined the show.
т
I am a new сast member.
Arlene wants to know about
a book you read last year.
2. I have nevеr been to Lоs Angеles.
I went to Lоs Angeles a long
time ago.
6. She's visitеd New York sevеral times.
3. I,vejust finishedJimmy,sboоk.
Т.Н:
ffi
I finishеd it a little while ago.
first visit tо
7. She has beсome vеry popular.
4. Have you ever seen this mоvie?
She is popular now.
I want to know when you
saw the mоvie.
o Rеod this script from o scеne from ,,FеIdstein,,,
Сomplеte it with
сl]00sE& сOмPIETE
the prеsentpеrfeсt form of the vеrbs in thе box. Some vеrbs аre used morе thon onсe,
have
mаke
stop
talk
travеl
Havе
Uвsul,д: This is a niсe restaura6.
want
had
уg\
1.
the steak?
Jrммy:
No, but I
the spaghetti. I always have that. Aсtually
eating meat. It's not that I love animals. I just hate
I
plants.
you ever really
to a plant?
4-.
They have absolutely nothing to say.
Uвsur,д: Right. So,
you ever
to livе оutside
оf New York?
Jrмlгy: outside of New York? Where,s that? But seriously. I
nevеr
6.
Uвsur,д: But
to try another plaсe. I lovе it hеre.
you evеr
7.
to a different сity?
Jrмплy: No. Why should I do that? You like it here too, right?
Uвsur.д: It,s oK, but I
Jrмштy: I like it right herе. Say,
to other plaсes toо. It's a big world!
you
e.
for tomorrow night? How abоut dinner? Same time, same plaсe . . .
plans
Present
Рerfeсt:
indefinite Рast
l
57
Asк a АNswERО Сompletе the XYZ Network onlinе intеrviеw with lаkе Stewort, thе
oсtor who ploуs thе port of Gizmo on limmy,sshow. Use thе words in porеnthesеsond
the prеsеntperfеct form of thе verb,
YYZз Welсome to Live Studio. Jake. You,ve bесomе vеrv famous.
How manу onl\ne in|erviewэhave Уou done?
1 . ( H o w m a п у l o n | i n еi n t е r v i e w sl d o ? )
Jдкв: None!
. Very exсiting!
2 . ( n e v е rе v e n / b е / i n а с h a t r o o m )
YYZз
3. (How / сhangе / аs аn aсtor?)
Jдкв: I work with a gтoup, so
4 . ( b е с o m е / a b е t t е rt е a m p l а y e rl a t е | y )
lГYZz As a сomiс aсtor.
5 . ( w h o l b e l у o u r г o | еm o d е | ? )
Jдкв: Hard to sav.
YYZз
6 . ( С h a r l i еС h a p | i n/ h а v е / g r е а ti n f | u е n с еo n m е )
7. (Whаt l bе l уour best momеnt on this show?)
Jдкв: Well. vou know.
YYZз All in all.
8. (jimmy l iust lwin / thе Еmmy)
That Was fantastiс.
9 . ( w h а t l t i n d l m o s t r е w a r d i n ga b o u t t h i s е х p е r i е n с e ? )
Jдкв: Frее сoffee! No, really,
1 o . ( m е е t / s o m е f а n t a s t i сp е o p | еo n t h i s s h o w )
EDIT.Reod this mеssogеfrom on onlinе mеssogеboord. Find ond corrеctsevеnmistokes
in thе use of thе prеsеntperfесt. The first mistoke is аIrеodycorrеctеd.
ffi'::To-ni'r:у::ffi11#1'**#|,#,;,ж!i:FeldsteinFaпGhatЖr:ir':.'.r'::...:'*;?:*-Ъ|::|:|'/l'.:,:',''2:;;;fi;7,x,l;;o/12т';;Т**?
Subj.: Re: Jimmy'sBlindDate
From: Yikes123
watched
Haveyou neverseen
l'vejustWаtGhthe Blind Date episodeon Fe|dstein!
anythingso funny?l LoVЕ this show!lt'sthe best show I haveeversaw in my
By the Way,haveyou notiсethatJimmyand Ar|ene
Iife.I rea||yenjoyedit late|y.
to get along?I thinkJimmyhavestartedto reallylikeher.Last
are beginning
nightArlenehas movedrightnextdoorto Jimmy,buthe doesn'tknowit yet!
l сan'tWaitto see Whathappenson the nextepisode.Does anyoneknowwhen
Jimmy'sbookis сomingout?
60 I
u ni t 14
o Rеod obout loе ond Маrio. Сirclе thе vеrbs in the presentperfеct. Undеrline
IDENтIFY
thе simple post tensе verbs,
Many mоdern marriages arе frnding intеrеsting solutions to diffiсult problems. Joе
andMaria,forexample,@marriеdsinсe1995.Aftertheirwedding,thе
сouple settled down in Boston, where Maria openеd an aссounting business. Thеn in
1997 Jоe lost his job. By that timе, Maria's new business was booming, so they didn,t
сonsider moving' Joe nеver found a nеW jоb in Bоston, but in 1998, he got a great
Los Angeles. The сouple has lived apart еver
оffer on the other side of thе сountry-in
..сommutеr marriage', up to now? Joe notes, ..It
sinсe. How have thеy handled this
сеrtainly hasn,t beеn easy. We,ve beеn geogтaphiсally separatеd, but we've grown a lot
сloser еmotionallv. For that reason. it's been wоrth it.,'
тRUE0R tАLsEo Now writе T (True)or F (Folse) for
eaсh stotemеnt.
l.
lji
Joe and Maria arе divorсed.
Мaria started her оwn business in Boston.
3 . Thе сouple used to livе apart.
4. In 1997, they thought about moving.
5 . The сouple is now сloser emotionally.
o loе is cаlling Mаrio. Сomplete thеir conversotionwith the corrеct form of
с0IIPLEтE
thе vеrbs in porenthesesond with short onswers,Сhoosе bеtwееn thе prеsеntpеrfеct
ond thе simplеpost tense.
Joв: Hi, honey.
Мдвrд:
No. I didn't
2.
Dia
you
finieh
that repоrt yesterday?
1. (finish)
I'm still writing it, and I
3. (not stop)
worrylng
about it all week.
Joш: Besides that, how
the wеek
Мдвrд: OK, I guess.I'm a little tired. I onlv
Joв: It sounds likе you
7. (sее)
6. (not gеt)
5. (slееp)
4. (bе)
so far?
a few hours last night.
muсh rest this week. Listen-wе
eaсh other оnly twiсe this month. I'll сome tomorrow.
Мдвrд: oK, but I still have to work. Last time I
8. (not do)
any work.
Рresent
Joв: Right! And it
11.
and Siпrрle
Рast
Тense
us at all, remember? Listen, why dоn,t you
9. (not bothеф
you
relaх now?
Mдвrд:
Рerfeet
. In faсt, I
that speсial соffee yet?
1O. (try)
r2. (drink)
five сups today, and it's still
early. And yesterday t
at least six. I'm really wired now.
, r. ,o_o
Joв: Then have some herbal tеa. and I,ll seе vou tomorrow.
Аsl(& АNswERо Lifеstylе Magazine (LM) is intеrviewingloe ond Morio. Сomplеtethе
intеrview using the words in porеnthеsesond informotion from Еxercisе1, Сhoosе
bеtweеnthе prеsеntperfесtond thе simplеpost tеnsе.
LM:
When did уou get married?
Joш:
We got, married in 1995.
LМ:
Did уou |\ve|n boэt,on after that?
Yeэ, we did.
МдвIд:
LМ:
Mдвrд:
LM:
1 . ( W h e n/ g е t m a r r i е d ? )
2.
3 . ( | i v e/ i n B o s t o n a f t e rt h а t ? )
5 . ( s t a r ty o u r b u s i n е s s/ b е f o r еy o u r m a r r i a g e ? )
7. (How |ong / own your own businеss?)
МдвIд:
LM:
Joв:
LM:
Мдвrд:
9 . ( W h е nl у o u l f i n d y o u r ; o b i n L o sА n g е | е s ? )
10.
1 . I . ( y o u r с o m m u t e r m a r r i a g е/ b е v е r y d i f f i с u | t ? )
12.
ЕDlT. Reod this entrу from Morio,s iournol, Find ond сorreсt six mistokеs in thе usе of
the prеsеnt pеrfеct ond the simplе pаst tеnse. Thе first mistаkе is olrеodу сorrеcted.
Thиrsdау, Deсember 28
,э
been
tt,s B:0o пм. |tfrаs а hаrс/ -eek, апd it,s пot orerуet! I sti// hаrе to fпЬh thаt report. I,vestаrtеd
it /аst tУloиdау, bиt so fаr l,ve шrotе oп|у f',e pа7еs, Апd itЪ dие иext ouееkl l,Vork шаs so dffiси/t
/'t"/!/, |,ve шorked /аtе еverу иght {his 'ueek. l,m tirеd, апd I hаven,t7ottеп mиch
I missJoe. /,ve sreп him /аst cuеekепd,bиt it seems /ikе а /oпg timе а9o,
"/,,P
/аst п!ht,
l
6|
j..;!!li
iii:;;!!l$]i4ii$фll:l:!:
t
364
Ansияеr
Key
neхt door to Jimmy, but he doesn't know it
Present
Perfeсt:
lndefinite Past
yеt! I сan't wait to see what happens on the
neхt episode. Does anyone know when
Г::-,,"-."ii?ш*жPЙINT
Jimmy,s book is сoming out?
now
сl]ARтсl/iEсК
I
T
Present
Simple
сltАRтсIiEсK2
rurrP0Шт
before the past partiсiple
EхPREssr;i;;i:;i;,,:у;',}
T
Have you evеr watсhed..Thе Simpsons''?
Yes, Vwe have. oв No, Vwе haven,t.
ffi
ffi
z.F
з.T
2.
3.
4.
s.
4.F
s.F
'vе had
've
stopped
Have . . . talked
have...wanted
с. F'
т.T
6.
7.
8.
9.
Perfeсt
and
Past Tense
сl/lARтс,]Eсl(l
the present perfeсt
сIiARтсHEсК2
hauе * past partiсiplе
,ve . . . wanted
havе . . . traveled
've travelеd
havе...made
2,
3.
4.
5.
6.
I,уe never even been in a сhat room.
How havе you сhanged as an aсtor?
I've beсome a better tеam player lately.
who has been your role model?
Charlie Chaplin has had gтeat influenсе
on me.
7. What has bеen your best moment on
this show?
8. Jimmy has just wоn the Еmmy.
9. what have you found most rewarding
about this experienсe?
.Io.
I,ve met some fantastiс peopie on
this shоw.
EхPRES|T#,!':i;"{',,!iii!н
mеt, have been
Many modern marriages are finding
interеsting solutions to diffiсult problems.
Joe and Maria, for exampt",@
married sinсe 1995. After their wedding, the
сouple settled down in Boston, where Maria
opened an aссounting business. Then in 1997
Joe lost his job. By that timе, Maria's new
business was booming, so they didn't сonsider
moving. Joе never found a new job in Boston,
but in 1998, he got a gтeat offеr on the other
side of the сountry-in
.o.'pl"@
Los Angeles. Thе
apart ever sinсe. How
thi s ..сommuter marri age,,
watched
I'vе just w.atеh thе Blind Date episodе on
6u?") tь"y @
up to now? Joe notes,..It сertainly
Feldstein! Have ro,, #
reщщs99 easy.w(ygщФ geogтaphiсally
separated,b..,t*@a
lot сloser
emotionally.For that reason,it( beф
funny? I LovЕ
geen
seen anything so
this show! It,s the best show
've
I havе ever sаlv in my life. I^realiy enjoyed
noticed
it lately. By the way, have you notiсе that
Jimmy and Arlenе are beginning to get
along? I think Jimmy #.
started to rеally
like her. Last night Arlene Ж
moved right
z--=*
-\
worth it."
2.7
3.F
4. F
5. T
1/--страниц
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