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MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
M
ainstreaming of LEADER+
and Innovation –
The finnish experience
L
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
ocal Action Groups 2000-2006
LEADER method has been fully mainstreamed into 3 other
programmes than just LEADER+ (the only excample of full
mainstreaming in EU)
58 LAGs covering 419 municipalities out of 444 (centres of
larger cities and a few small cities remain outside)
25 LEADER+ groups (LEADER+ Programme)
19,5 LAGs financed from Regional Rural
Development Programme
6,5 LAGs financed from Objective 1 Programme
7 LAGs with POMO+ national financing
L
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
ocal Action Groups 2000-2006
almost 5.000 projects have already sprung up
total number of projects will probably be around 7.000
during the entire functioning period approximately 220 million
euros of public funding and 120 million euros of private
funding will be used for projects established through LAG
work
L
ocal Action
Groups in
Finland
LEADER+ -action group
POMO+ - action group
ALMA - action group
Objective 1, Northern Finland
- action group
Objective 1, Eastern Finland
- action group
Border of Objective 1 Programme
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
L
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
EADER features in all LAGs
area-based approach
bottom-up approach
local partnership
innovation
multi-sectoral intergration
inter-territorial co-operation (incl. transnational co-operation)
networking
decentralised management and financing
L
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
ocal Action Group in Finland
approximately
7 municipalities / LAG area
41 000 inhabitants / LAG area
1,8 people working in a LAG
founding 6 Meuros (until 2006) / LAG
C
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
ommon features for all LAGs in
Finland
Members in the board of the LAG:
1/3 representatives of municipalities
1/3 local associations and enterprises
1/3 rural inhabitants
National public financing:
Municipalities of the LAG area must cover 20 % of total public
financing
National Network Unit financed nationally and serves all local
action groups
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
Local Action Group
Board
1/3 representatives of municipalities
1/3 local associations and enterprises
1/3 rural inhabitants
Project
municipalities
Project
Project
staff
Project
Project
Project
local people, enterprises, farms and residents
Administrative model
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
Financing model
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND
FORESTRY
project- and administrative funding
(EU and State)
National
funding
NETWORK UNIT
MUNICIPALITIES
project- and administrative funding
(municipalities)
RURAL DEPARTMENT
OF EMPLOYMENT
AND ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
CENTRE
administrative funding
(EU and State)
project funds
(EU and State)
LOCAL ACTION GROUP
LAG
municipal
project funding
PROJECT n
private funding
H
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
ow was the LAG work
mainstreamed in Finland? How
has the national rural policy been
supporting LAG work?
strategic choice made at top policy level and translated down to
lower ranks of the administration
necessary cross-coordination with other relevant authorities at
horizontal level (Rural Policy Committee)
local people very interested in LEADER activities
regional broadening and deepening of LAG work was supported by
national rural policy
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
D
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
escription of the process of
mainstreaming LEADER
autumn 1995: writing of the 2nd Rural Policy Programme - drafters
made a suggestion to distribute LEADER method nationally
the rural policy report presented by the Government to the
Parliament included statement ”Local Action Group work should be
broadened to cover all areas of Finland” 1996 and 1998
proposal was one of the most important issues in the Rural Policy
Programme drafted by an expert committee appointed by the
Government
D
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
escription of the process of
mainstreaming LEADER
Rural Policy Committee (YTR) had political backing for trying to find
national funding for new LAGs -> acchieved -> funding from
Agricultural Development Fund for POMO groups (guidelines 1997)
22 LEADERII and 26 POMO LAGs working 1997-1999, planning of the
future
LEADER+ became only a bit bigger for 2000 - 2006 -> needed other
funding for the good work to be mainstreamed
autumn 2000 (after Finland sent the L+ programme to the
Commission) General Secretary of the Rural Policy Committee
started negotiating with 12 regions about funding for LAG work
D
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
escription of the process of
mainstreaming LEADER
the negotiating position was strengthened by the situation where the
final selection of LEADER+ groups was not yet completed
General Secretary presented the issue for the Ministry of Agriculture
and Forestry -> funding for 26 LAGs in either ALMA or Objective 1
Process involved a big risk that regions would start lobbying to get
more LEADER+ groups - list of L+ LAGs held until the end
7 LAGs was still out of funding and the Ministry wanted to use
Agricultural Development Fund specifically for agricultural funding
D
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
escription of the process of
mainstreaming LEADER
LAGs took their concerns to the members of the Parliament ->
question to the Government ”How will the Government act to enable
all areas to be covered under the LAG work, as was promised in
defenitions of the policy?”
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry had to consent, since the
Agricultural Development Fund was the only possibility for funding
seven LAGs
whole country became covered with LAGs for 2000 - 2006
idea of mainstreaming autumn 1995 - goals attchieved autumn 2002
W
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
hat can we learn from this?
Cross-administratorial rural policy need an organ, which constantly
develops the rural policy system as a network in central
administration as well as the regional and local levels
Risks have to be taken to achieve results
Although the main direction and power of LAG work moves upwards,
the crucial beginnings must be brought about from a higher level
downwards
W
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
hat can we learn from this?
Rural policy needs contact persons who will watch the
progress of whole projects, preferably on all levels of action
Activities must be considered and planned sufficiently long
into the future, for example the negotiations carried out at the
turn of 2000 and 2001 were aimed for both the periods 20002006 and 2007-2013
LAG work functions well for local people and is close to them
W
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
hat does the future look like
in Finland?
LAGs are essential part of Finland´s entire rural policy
LAG work will continue during the period 2007-2013 in the entire
Finland
An increase in the amount of social tasks for the groups has taken
place of regional mainstreaming
Goal for LAG work is to remain stable and grow stronger in the whole
country
I
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
nnovation in the rural
development programmes
innovation of the Rural Policy Committee in the mainstreaming
someone has to make moves in getting new ways of doing spread ->
this will not happen just bottom-up, you need also top-down
LAGs have to start new processes and ways of doing also by
themselves
innovation can be just something slightly different from the old and
can still have strong influences
I
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
nnovation in the rural
development programmes
tripartition in the boards of finnish LAGs has been innovative and is
really important, as it keeps the work of the group on the wide base
there has to be rules of administration and they have to be controlled
and secured (Work Group for the LAGs in Finland, under Rural Policy
Committee)
I
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
nnovation requirements in the
rural development programmes
there should not be strict rules for appropriate funding and eligibility
for experimentation and innovation or strict requirements for
innovation
when people get freedom for innovating and the financing bodies use
consideration and take some risks, the activity and development
potential will rise
result: local people stay very interested in developing their rural areas
M
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
AND FORESTRY
ore information about LAG work
and Rural Policy in Finland
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, www.mmm.fi
Mainstreaming, Mr. Eero Uusitalo, [email protected]
Rural Policy Committee, www.maaseutupolitiikka.fi
Secretary-General, Rural Counsellor Mr Eero Uusitalo, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Mobile
+358-40-541 9916, [email protected]
Deputy Secretary-General, Senior Officer Mr Risto Matti Niemi, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,
Mobile +358- 50-599 5229, [email protected]
Secretary of the Project Group, Senior Officer Mrs Johanna Heikkilä, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,
Tel. +358-9-160 52506, [email protected]
Programme Secretary, Senior Officer Mrs Marjatta Koskinen, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Tel.
+358- 9-160 53348, [email protected]
Secretary, Departmental Secretary Mrs Maarit Skogberg, Ministry of the Interior, Tel. +358-9-160 44592,
[email protected]
Rural Development Expert Mrs Tytti Siltanen, Mobile +358- 50-597 5551, [email protected]
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