МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ ФГБОУ ВПО «Орловский государственный университет» Межрегиональная олимпиада школьников «Путь в науку» Заочный этап Предмет __АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК_ ВАРИАНТ 1 Задание 1. Установите соответствие между заголовками A – H и текстами 1 — 7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. A. Room Service B. Safety on Board C. Information D. Post office and telephone E. Entertainment F. Restaurants G. Excursions H. Dress Code 1. The meal times are scheduled in the daily programmes. Menu for the day is posted at the entrance of the restaurant. During the cruise you will enjoy cuisine variety in the restaurant. If for some reason you are on a special diet, please, inform the reception staff about it. Tea and coffee are included with each meal. Bar drinks can be purchased from the bartenders in the bar or in the restaurant during meal times. 2. You cam purchase stamps, envelopes and postcards at the Reception Desk. Mail will be sent from the nearest port. Pay phone cards to make a local, distant or international call are available at the Reception Desk. The Receptionists will show you the location of the pay phone on board. 3. Most of tours involve a considerable amount of walking, thus comfortable walking shoes are advised. Dress code on board is generally casual. A visit to Orthodox churches or monasteries requires observing certain regulations, such as wearing trouses for gentlemen, no shorts, long skirts or pants and head scarves for ladies. For Captain’s Dinner you might prefer to have a dressier outfit. 4. You can contribute to environmental protection by lessening the damage caused by detergents. Your towel will be changed when you drop it down on the floor of your bathroom. If you leave it hanging, we would assume, you are intending to use it again . Generally bath towels are changed every third day, hand towels — every day. 5. If you would like to extend your programme we are pleased to offer уou a number of optional tours. Bills for optional tours will be added to your ship account. In every port of call you are requested to observe the departure time of the ship. Make sure you are оn board no later than 15 minutes before the ship disembarks. 6. Schedules are delivered daily. Route information is posted on bulletin board. Radio announcements for guests will go over the passengers address system. The staff is open to your questions and happy to accommodate you. 7. You are travelling on a ship conforming to security standards accepted in the world. The crew of the ship is well trained for emergency action. In case of emergency situation on board follow the instructions of crew members. Use your life vest which is stored under your bed. When walking along the decks be very cautious as decks may be slippery when wet, be very careful on steep staircases. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Задание 2. Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 - 7, обводя символ, соответствующий выбранному вами варианту ответа. Sea Rituals and Customs The seas have always been dangerous for those who choose to sail them and most seafarers tried hard to avoid incurring the wrath of Davy Jones – they once were sometimes reluctant even to save drowning comrades lest they deprive the deep of a victim. However the dilemma could be resolved by throwing the drowning man a rope or spar. This was a much less personal intervention than actually giving a hand or diving in to help and therefore less risky. Various shipboard ceremonies were observed and maintained religiously: at Christmas a tree would be lashed to the top of the mast (the custom is still followed, and on ships lacking a mast the tree is tied to the railings on the highest deck). At midnight as New Year’s Eve becomes New Year’s Day the ship’s bell is rung eight times for the old year and eight times for the new – midnight on a ship is normally eight bells – the oldest member of the crew giving the first eight rings, the youngest the second. “Burying the Dead Horse” was a ceremony which was continued in merchant ships until late in the nineteenth century. The horse was a symbol for the month’s pay advanced on shore (and usually spent before sailing); after twenty-eight days at sea the advance was worked out. The horse’s body was made from a barrel, its legs of straw, the main and tail of hemp. The animal was hoisted to the main yardarm and set on fire. It was allowed to blaze for a short time and was then cut loose and dropped into the sea. Seafarers crossing the equator for the first time – and sometimes the tropics of the polar circles – are often put through a sort of baptism or initiation ceremony. The earliest recorded reference to such a ritual dates back to 1529 on a French ship, but by the end of the following century English vessels were involved in the same custom, which continues to this day in both Royal Navy and merchant service. One of the crew appears as Neptune, complete with crown, trident and luxuriant beard; others represent Queen Amphitrite, a barber, a surgeon and various nymphs and bears. Anyone who has not previously crossed “the Line” is ceremonially shaved with huge wooden razors, then thoroughly ducked into a bath full of sea-water. Finally, the victim is given a certificate which protects him from the same ordeal on any future occasion. When a naval captain leaves his ship he can expect a ritual farewell. Even Prince Charles was unable to escape when in 1976 he relinquished command of the minesweeper, HMS “Bronington”; he was seized by white – coated doctors (his officers), placed in a wheelchair and “invalided out” to the cheers of his crew members who held up a banner inscribed: “Command has aged me”. 1. Davy Jones is most likely a) a famous pirate b) a legendary ship c) a spirit of the sea d) the spirit of a ship 2. The fear of Davy Jones’ wrath made sailors a) b) c) d) hesitate to save a drowning man deprive the deep of a victim dive in to help a drowning person avoid throwing a rope into the sea 3. On New Year’s Day the ship’s bell is rung by a) the captain b) the second youngest member of the crew c) two of the crew members d) the oldest sailor on the ship 4. The ceremony of burying the horse took place when a) the horse died b) the crew received their monthly pay c) the ship was in danger d) sailors had worked off their first wage 5. When did the ritual of initiation on crossing the equator appear on English ships? a) in the beginning of the 15th century b) in the first half of the 16th century c) in the end of the 16th century d) in the 17th century. 6. According to the text, a person who undergoes the ceremony of initiation on crossing the equator a) is thrown overboard b) will be protected from such ceremony in future c) must dress as a barber, surgeon, nymph, etc. d) must be clean shaven. 7. In 1976 Prince Charles a) organized his ritual farewell b) left “Bronington” c) became captain of HMS “Bronington” d) established a new farewell tradition. Задание 3. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1—6 частями предложений A-G Одна из частей в списке A—G лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу. The monster fish announced itself with four huge blows of its tail, thrashing against the net that had trapped it in the Mekong River. It was a rare giant catfish, 1_____________________. At 2.7 meters in length and weighing 293 kilogram, it may be the biggest freshwater fish ever recorded. But in one of the world's more surprising mysteries, nobody really knows which is the biggest species of fish lurking under the waters of the Mekong or the Amazon or the Yangtze or the Congo or the Colorado or Lake Baikal. When the giant catfish was caught in May, a biologist named Zeb S. Hogan rushed here to take a look. It was his first trophy 2_____________________ . Sponsored by the National Geographic Society and the World Wildlife Fund, 3 _________________ . He has started with the Mekong, which he said has seven species of giant fish, more than any other river, along with at least 750 other species. All of them are threatened - 4_____________________ - by overfishing, pollution and development, including major dam projects. The Mekong giant catfish may be 5_____________________. The few that remain can be spotted now only in central Cambodia and here, just below the Golden Triangle, where northern Thailand, Laos and Myanmar meet. No one has made a credible claim to top this year's trophy, Mr. Hogan said. "I keep expecting people to send me photos or records of larger fish, 6______________________," Mr. Hogan said. "But that's kind of the point of the project. Let's gather all the information that's out there and decide which is the largest freshwater fish." A. like river fish around the world B. in a project to identify the world's largest freshwater fish in the hope of slowing their extinction C. but nobody has D. and it took five boatmen an hour to pull it in and 10 men to lift it when they reached the shore in this remote village in northern Thailand E. but we couldn't weigh it F. Mr. Hogan has embarked on an 18-month expedition that will take him to five continents G. the first to disappear from the river, he said 1 2 3 4 5 6 Задание 4. Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию. Albert Einstein, a Nobel Prize Winner in Physics Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany. His interest in science 1 when he was only five years old. His father gave him a magnetic compass. Looking at it, the young Albert wanted to know why the needle 2 In 1909 Einstein began his lifelong career in the academic world. His genius was recognized, and in 1921 he 3 the Nobel Prize in physics. In 1933, when Nazi came into power, Einstein and his 4 wife moved to the USA. He 5 a professor at Princeton University where he remained until his death in 1955. Shortly before his death he wrote and signed the RussellEinstein Manifesto, 6 the people of the world about the danger of nuclear catastrophe. Albert Einstein is remembered as the scientist in the world. His theories have BEGIN MOVE GIVE TWO BECOME WARN changed science forever. It is generally thought that Albert Einstein is the greatest theoretical physicist who ever 7 . LIVE Задание 5. Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, так чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию. UK: Conservation and Environment Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain. Despite its high population density and widespread 1__________________, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal areas. Twelve 2__________________Parks are freely accessible to the public and were created to conserve the 3__________________ beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage they contain. Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but administered by an independent National Park Authority which works to balance the expectations of 4__________________ with the need to conserve these open spaces for future generations. The UK also works to improve the global environment and has taken global warming 5__________________ ever since scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer. In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding developed countries to 6__________________emissions of the six main greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental 7__________________. Nowadays British 8__________________ are taking part in one of the largest international projects that is undertaken to protect endangered species. URBAN NATION NATURE VISIT SERIOUS REDUCE PROTECT SCIENCE Задание 6. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 1-7. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 1-7, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Your Future World What will you be doing in 2035? Will you be living in an undersea research station? Will you be the chief engineer 1________ a bridge across the Atlantic Ocean? Will you be leading an 2________ to the planet Mars? Will you be…? You can daydream, of course, but nobody knows exactly what the world will be 3________. But scientists have made some guesses. Based on the advances made, they believe people will be healthier. Diphtheria, malaria, tuberculosis, polio and many other killers are under control now. These diseases are on the way out, 4________ to germ-killing chemicals, new ways of finding out about our bodies, and new ways of providing clean, safe 5________ water. Healthier people live longer, so we can expect the world's population to 6________ sharply. It may double in the next forty years! This brings up a serious problem: how will we find food, water, and minerals for such a huge population? Scientists are at work on some 7________ . From the ocean they hope to get new fertilizers to increase the yield of the soil; new chemicals to kill crop-destroying insects without harming other animals, new sources of water or supplies of food. 1) a) inventing b) designing c) scheming d) doing 2) a) exploration b) expenditure c) expedition d) exhibit 3) a) like b) alike c) likely d) likable 4) a) as a result b) because c) on account d) thanks 5) a) eat b) feed c) food d) cooking 6) a) decrease b) distract c) dissolve d) increase 7) a) solutions b) alternatives c) preferences d) questions Задание 7. Прочитайте текст с пропусками. Заполните пропуски 1-8 подходящими по смыслу словами. Competition: Your Ideal School Is your school just as you want (0)_it_____ to be? Or are there things you and your classmates 1____________ change, given the opportunity? This is your chance to express your ideas about 2____________ the ideal school is like. Our competition is open to 3___________ student between the ages of twelve and eighteen. You can enter 4_____________ an individual or your whole class can work together on a team entry. Your entry can take any form – a piece of writing, a picture, or even architectural plans. It is completely 5___________ to you. What we are looking for is evidence 6___________originality, imagination and, above 7____________, the genuine views of young people. Entries must reach us no later 8____________ Friday 30 April.