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Chapter 16: The Family
Sociology: A Down-to-Earth
Approach 7/e
James M. Henslin
Chapter Sixteen: The Family
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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
1
Chapter 16: The Family
What is a Family?

In U.S.—One Woman, Man, and Children

Other Cultures Polygamy and Polyandry

Approved Group into which a Child is Born?
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
2
Chapter 16: The Family
Family Defined
“A family consists of people who consider
themselves related by blood, marriage, or
adoption.”
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
3
Chapter 16: The Family
Common Cultural Themes

Families Establish Patterns of…

Mate Selection

Descent

Inheritance

Authority
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
4
Chapter 16: The Family
Marriage and Family in Theoretical
Perspective—Functionalist

Economic Production

Socialization of Children

Care of Sick and Aged
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
5
Chapter 16: The Family
Marriage and Family in Theoretical
Perspective—Functionalist

Recreation

Sexual Control

Reproduction
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
6
Chapter 16: The Family
Marriage and Family in Theoretical
Perspective—Functionalist

Functions of Incest and Taboo

Isolation and Emotional Overload
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
7
Chapter 16: The Family
Marriage and Family in Theoretical
Perspective—Conflict

Gender and Power

Power Struggle over Housework
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
8
Chapter 16: The Family
Marriage and Family in Theoretical
Perspective—Symbolic Interaction

Gender the Meaning of Marriage

Gender Role Identification
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
9
Chapter 16: The Family
The Family Life Cycle

Love and Courtship in Global Perspective

Marriage
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
10
Chapter 16: The Family
The Family Life Cycle

Childbirth

Marital Satisfaction

Social Class
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
11
Chapter 16: The Family
The Family Life Cycle

Child Rearing

Married Couples and Single Mothers

Day Care

Nannies

Social Class

Birth Order
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
12
Chapter 16: The Family
The Family Life Cycle

Family in Later Life

The Empty Nest

“Boomerang” Children

Widowhood
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
13
Chapter 16: The Family
Diversity in U.S. Families

African-American Families

Latino Families

Asian Families

Native American Families
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
14
Chapter 16: The Family
Diversity in U.S. Families

One-Parent Families

Families Without Children

Blended Families

Gay and Lesbian Families
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
15
Chapter 16: The Family
Trends in U.S. Families

Postponing Marriage

Cohabitation

Unmarried Mothers

Grandparents as Parents

The Sandwich Generation and Elder Care
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
16
Chapter 16: The Family
Divorce and Remarriage

Problems in Measuring Divorce

Children of Divorce

Absent Fathers and Serial Fatherhood

Ex-Spouses

Remarriage
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
17
Chapter 16: The Family
Two Sides of Family Life

The Dark Side

Battering

Child Abuse

Marital Rape

Incest
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
18
Chapter 16: The Family
Two Sides of Family Life

The Bright Side—Successful Marriages

Spouse is Best Friend

Like Spouse as Person

Think Marriage is Long-Term Commitment

Believe Marriage is Sacred
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
19
Chapter 16: The Family
Two Sides of Family Life

The Bright Side—Successful Marriages

Agree with Spouse Aims and Goals

Believe Spouse Grown More Interesting

Want Relationship to Succeed

Laugh Together
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
20
Chapter 16: The Family
The Future of Marriage and Family

No Danger of Becoming a Relic

Cohabitation, Single Mothers, Age at
Marriage, Grandparents as Parents will
Increase

Changes in Balance of Work and Home
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005
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