close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

код для вставкиСкачать
Multimedia Sound Production
Music Notation: Notes and Time Signatures
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Agenda





Theory and Conventions
Note Values, Graphical Form and Naming Conventions
Bars and Notation
Associated Note Rests
Time Signatures and Tempo
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Theory and Conventions








Musical notes are written on a Stave
A stave is divided into note groups called Bars
A musical note has Pitch and Duration
The duration of a note is indicated by its graphical form
The duration of a note is measured in Beats
The number of notes each bar will contain depends on the note
duration and the Time Signature
A common time signature is four beats to a bar
The notes and rests in each bar must add up to maintain
the correct number of beats in each bar for the given time
signature
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Musical Note Duration and Graphical Form
Graphical Form Value in Beats
Multimedia Sound Production
American Name
Classical Name
4
Whole Note
Semibreve
2
Half Note
Minim
UFCEXR-20-1
Musical Note Duration and Graphical Form
Graphical Form
Value in Beats
1
American Name
Classical Name
Quarter Note
Crotchet
The crochet or quarter note defines the basic pulse of the piece
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Musical Note Duration and Graphical Form
Graphical Form Value in Beats American Name
Multimedia Sound Production
1/2
Eighth Note
1/4
Sixteenth Note
Classical Name
Quaver
Semi Quaver
UFCEXR-20-1
Notes Written in Groups within a Bar
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Time Signatures
4/4 Time “Common Time”
4
4
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Time Signatures
2/4 Time ‘March’
2
4
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Time Signatures
3/4 Time ‘Waltz’
3
4
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Musical Rest Duration and Graphical Form
Note
Rest
Semibreve
Symbol’s position
on bar-line indicates
the type of rest
Minim
Crochet
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Musical Rest Duration and Graphical Form
Note
Rest
Quaver
Semi Quaver
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Semibreve and Minim Rests
Semibreve rest hangs from the fourth line
Minim rest sits on the third line
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Dotted Notes and Rests
A dotted note or rest indicates that the note or rest duration is
increased by half of its value
Crochet = two quavers

Dotted crochet = three quavers

Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Notes
Multimedia Sound Production
Rests
UFCEXR-20-1
Notes
Rests
Quavers joined with single bar
4
4
Semiquavers joined with double bar
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Notes
Rests
2
4
Complete the bars to maintain two - four time
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Notes
Rests
3
4
Complete the bars to maintain three - four time
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
Essential Reading
Read the following to support and extend your understanding:
Charlton: pages 134-195 Rhythm
Further details on note values and
graphical representation, tied notes and
triplets
Multimedia Sound Production
UFCEXR-20-1
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа