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FREE TIME AND LEISURE
VOCABULARY
1. hobby
2. passtime
3. leisure-time, spare-time
4. favourite occupation
5. activity
6. fun
7. passion
8. art
9. dancing
10. painting
11. drawing
12. music
13. sport
14. cinema
be a cinema goer
15. theatre
16. travelling
17. (go) camping
18. (go) hiking
19. (go) rowing
20. cooking
21. foreign languages
22. (go) fishing
23. be interested in
24. like doing smth
25. enjoy doing smth
26. be keen on smth
27. be engaged in
28. be fond of
29. join a club/group/society
30. go in for sport/tennis/swimming
31. attend
32. play games/football/basketball
33.
34.
35.
36.
learn
find out
get to know
make friends
хобби
времяпрепровождение
свободное время, досуг
любимое занятие
деятельность
развлечение
увлечение
искусство
танцы
живопись
рисование
музыка
спорт
кино
часто ходить в кино/увлекаться кино
театр
путешествия
жить в палатках
ходить в поход
гребля
кулинария
иностранные языки
рыбная ловля
интересоваться чем-либо
нравится заниматься чем-либо
получать удовольствие от чего-либо
увлекаться чем-либо
заниматься чем-либо
очень нравится; любить что-либо
вступить в клуб/группу/общество
заниматься спортом/ теннисом/
плаванием
посещать
играть в спортивные игры/ футбол/
баскетбол
изучать
узнавать
узнавать, познакомиться
находить друзей, подружиться
встречаться с людьми
поддерживать форму, укреплять
здоровье
собирать
принимать участие
37. meet people
38. keep fit
39. collect
40. take part in
ADDITIONAL WORDS
альпин’изм (-а) n. mountaineering,
(mountain-)climbing
антр’акт (-а) n. interval
аплод’ировать (ком’у/чем’у) v. impf. to
applaud, to clap
аплодисм’енты (-ов) n. pl. applause
атл’етика (-и) n. athletics
аудит’ория (-и) n. auditorium; audience
бал’ет (-а) n. ballet
бараб’ан (-а) n. drum
баскетб’ол (-а) n. basketball
бокс (-а) n. boxing
бол’ельщик (-а) n. fan, supporter
виолонч’ель (-и) n. cello
вы’игрывать/в’ыиграть v. to win
в’ыставка (-и) n. exhibition
газ’ета (-ы) n. newspaper
гимн’астика (-и) n. gymnastics
гит’ара (-ы) n. guitar
глав’а (-’ы) n. chapter
гольф (-а) n. golf
джаз (-а) n. jazz band; jazz (music)
документ’альный фильм documentary (film)
дос’уг (-а) n. leisure(-time), spare/free time
ж’ивопись (-и) n. painting
журн’ал (-а) n. magazine; journal
забив’ать/заб’ить гол to score a goal
зр’итель (-я) n. spectator
игр’а (-’ы) n. game
игр’ать в к’арты impf. to play cards
игр’ать в футб’ол impf. to play football
игр’ать в ш’ахматы impf. to play chess
игр’ать на гит’аре impf. to play the guitar
игр’ать на скрипке impf. to play the violin
игр’ать по сл’уху impf. to play by ear
игр’ать/сыгр’ать v. to play; to act
импровиз’ировать/сымпровиз’ировать v. to
improvise
инструм’ент (-а) n. instrument
интересов’аться (чем) v. impf. to be
interested (in)
иск’усство (-а) n. art
кат’ание на коньк’ах (ice-)skating
орк’естр (-а) n. orchestra; band
отл’ичный adj. excellent
п’арусный спорт sailing
перед’ача (-и) n. broadcast; (television/radio)
programme
п’есня (-и) n. song
петь/спеть v. to sing
пиан’ино n. nt. indecl. (upright) piano
пл’авание (-я) n. swimming
поп-м’узыка (-и) n. pop music
портр’ет (-а) n. portrait
по’эзия (-и) n. poetry
представл’ение (-я) n. performance
при’ятный adj. pleasant, nice, agreeable,
pleasing
про’игрывать/проигр’ать v. to lose, to be
defeated
прям’ая перед’ача live broadcast
пь’еса (-ы) n. (stage) play
радиост’анция (-и) n. radio station
развлек’ательный adj. entertaining
рак’етка (-и) n. racket/racquet, bat
расск’аз (-а) n. story, tale
репет’иция (-и) n. rehearsal
рец’ензия на кн’игу book review
рисов’ание (-я) n. drawing
рисов’ать/нарисов’ать v. to draw, to paint
ром’ан (-а) n. novel; romance
ро’яль (-я) n. (grand) piano
саксоф’он (-а) n. saxophone
сентимент’альный adj. sentimental
скр’ипка (-и) n. violin
скульпт’ура (-ы) n. sculpture
сл’ушать/посл’ушать v. to listen (to)
смешн’ой adj. funny
смотр’еть/посмотр’еть (на ког’о/что) v. to
look (at), to watch
соревнов’ание (-я) n. competition, contest,
tournament
спорт (-а) n. sport(s)
стих’и (-’ов) n. pl. verse(s), (lines of) poetry
стихотвор’ение (-я) n. poem
сц’ена (-ы) n. stage; scene
кат’ание на л’ыжах skiing
кат’ание на р’оликах roller-skating
кисть (-и) n. (paint)brush
кларн’ет (-а) n. clarinet
класс’ическая м’узыка classical music
кн’ига (-и) n. book
ком’анда (-ы) n. team
конц’ерт (-а) n. concert, recital
кроссв’орд (-а) n. crossword
литерат’ура (-ы) n. literature
люб’имый adj. favourite
м’узыка (-и) n. music
мяч (-’а) n. ball
на дос’уге in one's spare/free time
наст’ольный т’еннис table-tennis
ничь’я (-’ей) n. draw, tie
танцев’ать/станцев’ать v. to dance
т’еннис (-а) n. tennis
тр’огательный adj. touching, moving
тромб’он (-а) n. trombone
труб’а (-’ы) n. trumpet
увлеч’ение (-я) n. passion, (favourite) hobby,
(main) interest
фильм (-а) n. film, movie
фильм ’ужасов horror film/movie
фл’ейта (-ы) n. flute
ф’окус (-а) n. (magic/conjuring) trick
фотоаппар’ат (-а) n. camera
футб’ол (-а) n. football
футб’ольный матч football match
холст (-’а) n. canvas
хор (-а) n. choir
чит’ать вслух impf. to read aloud
ш’ахматы (-) n. pl. chess
Exercise 1
Talking points (answer some questions):
1.
Do you have enough free time?
2.
Do you have much free time during the day?
3.
Do you have much free time in the evenings?
4.
What are you doing this weekend?
5.
What did you do last summer vacation?
6.
What did you do last weekend?
7.
When do you have free time? (How do you spend your free time?)
8.
Where do you spend your free time?
9.
Who do you spend your free time with?
10.
If you had more free time, what would you do with it?
11.
Where do young people in your country usually spend their free time?
12.
Would you like to have more free time?
13.
What would you like to give up so that you could have more free time?
14.
How do the women in your family usually spend their free time?
15.
How do the men in your family usually spend their free time?
16.
Do men and women spend their free time differently? How?
17.
Do people's leisure time activities change as they get older? How?
18.
Who do you like to spend your leisure time with?
19.
Do you like gossiping in your free time?
20.
What do you really hate having to do in your free time?
21.
What new activity would you like to try doing in your free time?
22.
Do you ever feel that you waste your free time? How?
23.
Do you find that your works or studies takes up your free time?
24.
Are there any activities that you used to do but don't do anymore?
Exercise 2
Read the following text and get ready to answer the questions
The word leisure comes from the Latin word licere, meaning "to be permitted"
or "to be free", via Old French leisir, and first appeared in the early 14th century. The
notions of leisure and leisure time are thought to have emerged in Victorian Britain in
the late nineteenth century, late in the Industrial Revolution. Early factories required
workers to perform long shifts (смена), often up to eighteen hours per day, with only
Sundays off work. By the 1870s though, more efficient machinery and the emergence
of trade unions resulted in decreases in working hours per day, and allowed
industrialists to give their workers Saturdays as well as Sundays off work.
Inexpensive and reliable transport in the form of railways allowed urban
workers to travel on their days off, with the first package holidays (экскурсии) to
seaside resorts appearing in the 1870s, a trend which spread to industrial nations in
Europe and North America. As workers put their wages into leisure activities, the
modern entertainment industry emerged in industrialised nations, providing
entertainment for workers on their days off. This Victorian concept - the weekend –
proclaimed the beginning of leisure time as it is known today.
Types of leisure
Active leisure activities involve the spending of physical or mental energy.
Low-impact physical activities include walking and yoga, which expend little energy
and have little contact or competition. High-impact activities such as kick-boxing and
soccer consume much energy and are competitive. Some active leisure activities
involve almost no physical activity, but do require a substantial mental effort, such as
playing chess or painting a picture. Active leisure and recreation cross significantly.
Passive leisure activities are those in which a person does not spend any
significant physical or mental energy, such as going to the cinema, watching
television, or gambling (играть) on slot machines. Some leisure experts discourage
these types of leisure activity, on the grounds that they do not provide the benefits
offered by active leisure activities. For example, acting in a community drama (an
active leisure activity) could build a person's skills or self-confidence. Nevertheless,
passive leisure activities are a good way of relaxing for many people.
Examples of leisure activities
People who work indoors and spend most of their time sitting and doing
sedentary (сидячий) office work can add physical activity to their lives by doing
sports during their leisure time, such as playing a ball game, going camping, hiking
or fishing. On the other hand, people whose jobs involve a lot of physical activity
may prefer to spend their free time doing quiet, relaxing activities, such as reading
books or magazines or watching TV. Some people find that collecting stamps,
postcards, badges, model cars or ships, bottles, or antiques is a relaxing hobby.
Free time is organized in many schools and institutions. Schools offer many
extra-curricular activities including hobby groups, sports activities, and choirs. Other
institutions such as retirement homes (дом престарелых) and hospitals also offer
activities such as clubs and meetings for playing games.
Most people like communicating with friends for dinner or a drink after a hard
day at work. For many young people, having a regular night out a week is a normal
part of their free time, whether it is joining friends for a drink in a pub, dining out in a
restaurant, watching a film, playing video games or dancing the night away at a club.
Some people do leisure activities that also have a longer-term goal. In some
cases, people do a leisure activity that they hope to turn into a full-time activity (e.g.,
volunteer paramedics1 who hope to eventually become professional paramedics).
Many people also study part-time in evening university or college courses, both for
the love of learning, and to help their career prospects.
1.
1
Do you have a hobby?
медик, сбрасываемый к больному на парашюте (в труднодоступных местах)
2.
What are your hobbies?
3.
How long have you had your hobby?
4.
Which hobbies are the most expensive?
5.
Which hobbies are the cheapest?
6.
Which hobbies cost nothing at all?
7.
Is hunting a hobby or a sport in your country?
8.
Which hobbies are the most popular with women in your country? With
9.
Did you have any hobbies when you were a child?
10.
Are there any dangerous hobbies?
men?
LEISURE ACTIVITIES
Exercise 3
Read how people describe the way they spend their free time. Try to guess
what leisure activities they mean. The hints are given in the box.
gardening
playing chess
watching films
playing musical instrument
taking pictures
surfing the Internet
jogging
shopping
1. Usually I use colour, but sometimes you get a better effect with black and
white. It really depends on the subject.
2. I really enjoy going round the shops and markets looking for a bargain.
3. I try to practise every day but sometimes it's difficult because I don't want
to disturb my neighbours too much. And one neighbour gets very angry if I
play the same thing over and over again.
4. The great thing is you can do it when you like. I usually do it three or four
times a week – either early in the morning or after university. I only go for
about 25 minutes but it really keeps me fit.
5. I joined the club because I wanted to get better, and I now play twice a
week in the evenings. It has helped me a lot and I have a much better
memory for all the different moves and strategies.
6. I think this is a very common hobby for people like me, who have their
own house with a garden and enjoy growing plants.
Exercise 4
Describe how you spend your free time without naming the leisure activity and let
your group mates guess what it is.
Exercise 5
It is fair to say that people are getting addicted to the computer and the Internet.
Children play computer games. Teenagers chat. Grown ups go to different Web sites.
What is your attitude towards the computer and the Internet? Is it a positive/a
negative one?
Exercise 6
Look at the proverbs below, guess their meaning. Think of Russian equivalents of
these proverbs.
1. Art is long, life is short.
2. Every man has his hobby-horse.
3. Tastes differ.
4. The busiest man finds the most leisure.
5. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
6. There is a time for everything.
7. The one who is first to act achieves success.
Explain the meaning of each proverb in English. Do you agree or disagree with the
proverbs?
Prepare own monologue using one of the given proverbs and add some information
about your free time and hobbies.
KEEPING FIT
Exercise 7
Look at the words and put them in the appropriate columns
PEOPLE
PLACES
EQUIPMENT
Exercise 8
Read the dialogue:
SPORTS
MARK: We might go to the football match next Saturday, Cristina.
CRISTINA: Football? You must be joking. I can't stand it.
MARK: No? Why not?
CRISTINA: Oh, Mark, haven't you realised yet? Twenty-two men in shorts, running
after a ball, trying to kick it into a net, a man blowing a whistle, two others waving
flags… and thousands of people shouting and screaming like madmen every time it's
a goal or not. Is this a game?
MARK: I see… you prefer things like hopscotch, hide-and-seek, leap frog, blind
man's buff…
CRISTINA: Don't tease me, Mark. I'm not a child anymore and there are much
better sports than football.
MARK: Really?
CRISTINA: Yes, take volleyball, for example. It's so exciting, I'd say wonderful,
the two teams trying to keep the ball in motion without letting it touch the ground. No
foul play, no violence…
MARK: Yes, maybe you're right. I like volleyball, too. For me all ball games are
great!
CRISTINA: Not only ball games, Mark. Don't you like badminton, cards, chess,
even darts… and things like that?
MARK: Er… of course I do. Especially if I can play it with you!
CRISTINA: Oh Mark! This is not fair play…
Find out whether the following statements are true or false Tick (√) or cross (x):
1. Cristina likes football very much.
True False
2. Cristina doesn't like volleyball.
True False
3. Volleyball is a violent game
True False
Exercise 9
A lot of people do exercise in their free time. Discuss the questions using words in the
box.
play football
go running
play basketball
go swimming
go to a fitness club
dance
do aerobics
play tennis
ride a bike
ski
do yoga
What do you do?
How many hours a week do you exercise?
What sports do you play regularly?
What is your favorite winter sport?
What is your favorite indoor sport?
What is your favorite outdoor sport?
Do you prefer watching or playing sports?
What sports do you enjoying watching?
Do you watch the Olympics?
Do you watch the World Cup?
Do you do any dangerous sports?
Have you ever gone scuba diving/ ski
diving/ mountain biking/ snowboarding or
skiing?
Have you ever been injured in a sport?
Have you ever won an award in some
sport?
Do you know any professional athletes?
How do you usually spend your days off?
If you have a day off, do you like to sleep in or get up early?
How many hours a night do you sleep?
Do you often go for walks?
Do you ever go hiking?
Do have bike at home? How often do you ride it?
Exercise 10
Complete the information about fans and places where sport events take place:
Pitch
Stadium
Spectators Captain
Court Team
Referee
Course Coach Umpire
Linesmen
Line judges
The playing area for football, rugby, hockey and cricket is called a ____1____;
for tennis, volleyball, basketball, squash and badminton it is a ____2_____; for golf it
is a _____3____.
Note: When you describe the playing area for football and the area around for
the crowd (people who watch, also called ____4____), it is called a ____5_____.
Players: Some games are played by individuals, others are ___6____ games. In
a team, one player is the ____7_____, and there is a manager (e.g. in football) or a
_____8____ (e.g. in basketball).
Officials: Football, rugby and hockey have a _____9_____ but tennis, cricket
and baseball have an____10_____. In football the referee has a whistle to control the
game and two _____11______, in tennis there are _____12_____ to decide if the ball
is 'in' or 'out'.
Exercise 11
Read the dialogue “Di and Angie deciding to have a day out”.
Look at the following words and expressions. Do you know their meaning?
- to pop round
- to fancy going somewhere
- down in the dumps
- in the mood
- to be a sport
- the world of good
- for a change
- smb’s cup of tea
Di and Angie deciding to have a day out
It’s a Sunday morning and Diane has decided to call round to see Angie, to see
whether or not she’d like a day out in London.
Diane: Hi ya Angie! I thought I’d pop round to see if you’d like to go out
somewhere for the day. Come on, where do you fancy going then?
Angie: That’s really thoughtful of you Di, but I’m feeling a bit down in the
dumps. I’m not really in the mood. My boss has been so ratty with me lately, he’s
making my life a misery.
Diane: Never mind, be a sport. Go on, it would really cheer you up and take
your mind off things. It would do you the world of good to get out of this dump and
go out somewhere interesting for a change.
Angie: Where did you have in mind, then?
Diane: Well, in a place like London we’ve got a lot of choice. There’s the
British Museum, with the Egyptian Mummies… then there’s the Tate with so many
fabulous painting… you’ve never been there, have you?
Angie: No, but you know that art galleries are not really my cup of tea. I feel
out of place there, and I can’t even tell Gainsborough from Picasso, you know that!
And anyway, museums are about as interesting as watching grass grow.
Diane: Angie, you’re so narrow-minded, so negative all the time. Why don’t
you try something different for once in your life? You never know you might enjoy
it. OK, if you don’t like that idea how about Covent Garden then? There’s a really
brilliant market there… we could grab a bite to eat and have a coffee.
Angie: Now you’re talking, that sounds a whole lot better than some stuffy
gallery. I could do with a new frock. I want something not too dear, but classy. Hey, a
girl at work was telling me that Covent Garden’s number one in London for unusual
stuff, for bargains.
Diane: At long last, I’ve talked you into it. If we go to Covent Garden you’ve
got to make a compromise. You and me are going to watch an opera at the Royal
Opera House after we’ve been shopping and had something to eat. Is it a deal or not?
Angie: Do we have to Di? – I can’t stick those high-pitched voices, and I can’t
understand a word they’re singing about… Oh, alright then, if you insist. I suppose
I’ll just have to grit my teeth and put up with it, if it makes you happy and it means
I’ll get that new dress.
Exercise 12
Work in pairs( dialogue). Act out the following situations.
One student is not really in the mood. The other student tries to cheer him/her
up and invites to go anywhere, according to their interests.
EXTENSIVE READING
Exercise 13
Read the text and retell it:
Going out by Thomas
Most people, as teenagers, go out on Friday or Saturday nights, as there is no school
or college to go to early in the morning on the next day, so they can stay up late. The
choice of places to go and spend these evenings is different in towns and cities and in
the countryside, generally. Maybe in a small village there could be one pub or disco
which is open on a Friday evening whereas in the city you could choose from many
of each, alongside many other types of places to go to as well, like concerts, the
theatre, or the cinema. For me this was always a time to spend time with my friends,
and to meet new friends. I remember when I was younger, about 15 or 16, I used to
go to a rock disco every week at a local university. A little bit later, I started going to
a pub every Friday night, which was a biker’s pub where they played very loud rock
music all evening and a lot of bikers and rockers would go to meet, have fun together,
and get drunk.
Then I went through quite a long period of trying to go to see a concert every week,
at least once a week. Sometimes I’d even go in .the middle of the week, even if I had
school the next day, if a band was playing that I liked very much, and sometimes I’d
get back home at 2 o’clock in the morning and still have to get up for college the next
day.
During the time I lived in Glastonbury, as I wasn’t working within a set daily routine
I’d go out many nights of the week, normally to visit friends in their houses to talk or
to listen to music. Because this was quite a close community, many friends would
meet at each other’s houses and I’d often go to visit somebody and unexpectedly find
other good friends there.
Sometimes, especially in the summer, we’d go to climb the local hill together in the
night, and bring musical instruments with us such as drums, flutes and didgeridoos.
As this was a long way away from many houses, we wouldn’t disturb anybody with
our music. Since I’ve been more involved with music, I’ve spent quite a lot of
evenings going out to play, either to play concerts or to sit in a pub where people
come with their instruments and play “sessions” together, like in Ireland. In Ireland,
one of the main forms of entertainment is that people go to play music in the pub or
listen to the music if they don’t play an instrument.
I’ve occasionally been out with friends to restaurants in Budapest, although as a
vegetarian I find that there is vexy little I can eat in most restaurants, and the
restaurants that are specifically de-signed to cater for vegetarians are gen-erally too
expensive - although there’s generally something on the menu I can eat, it's normally
fried cheese or mushrooms or cauliflower with chips or rice and a vegetable salad. If
this happens, it’s normally because Maria or I have just had a particularly Well- paid
concert and we can afford it.
In England I used to enjoy going to the theatre very much, and I’ve enjoyed it here in
Budapest too, although most of the time the language is a block, and I can’t
understand very many plays unless they’re mostly visual. I did go however to see “A
Midsummer Night’s Dream” in Hungarian, and as I know the play in English, having
seen it a few times in England, I could understand what was happening and was very
impressed by the production and performance and especially by the music.
When I was a child, going out meant going to places with my father and mother of
course. On Sundays we would often go to places in the nearest town such as
museums or exhibitions. I used to like it very much and have some very strong
memories from this time, especially visiting a natural history museum, where there
were a lot of stuffed animals and birds. It was really nice to be able to see these
animals so close up.
I also remember a few times being taken out to the nearest National Park, the Peak
District in Derbyshire. We used to go to some beautiful places there. We visited
Matlock a few times, which is a very high village where there’s an animal park, like a
very large open zoo. Animals from all over the world roam in this park, and you can
drive around in your car and see them - there are monkeys and baboons, different
types of deer and lions, and other animals.
Sometimes, between the ages of 11 and 15, my great aunt would take me out to a
classical music concert at the local concert hall. I remember going to see Handel’s
Messiah at Christmas time, or concerts by Mozart, Beethoven or Bach. Sometimes,
we went on spe-cial school trips, to theatres and concerts, or to special exhibitions
which were relevant to things that we were studying.
Recently in Budapest we went to a very interesting exhibition which was organised
by blind people, which involved going into a kind of maze which was completely
dark. We were given a stick to help us find our way around, and absolutely no light.
It was pitch black in there. Blind people acted as our guides, and-we experienced
different scenes which the people had created. For example, one scenario was set in a
forest, another a recreated city street, and another was a vegetable market. We found
our way around and identified our locations only with our senses of touch, smell and
hearing. We really put ourselves in the position of somebody who is blind, to try to
understand how it is for them. This was a very strong experience for us and really
made us think about and appreciate the value of our sense of sight.
Find out whether the following statements are true or false:
1. For Thomas spending free time means to go out with his friends.
2. Thomas has never been to rock clubs.
3. When in Glastonbury, they used to take musical instruments far away to the
hills and play there.
4. In Ireland, the main thing what people do when they go out is watching films.
5. Thomas can’t afford good vegetarian restaurants, so he rarely goes there.
6. When a boy, he was taken to the natural park in Derbyshire and he didn’t enjoy
the experience.
7. His uncle took him to classical music concerts when he was a teenager.
8. Thomas was greatly impressed by an exhibition made by deaf people in
Budapest.
9. It was pitch dark at that exhibition.
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