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Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Intellectual Property at the Higher
Education in Republic of Macedonia
Dr. Gligorche VRTANOSKI, Ph.D.
University Professor, WIPO IP Coordinator
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje,
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Georgia, Tbilisi, April 11 and 12, 2012
1
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Republic of Macedonia
2
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
University Cities in Republic of Macedonia
3
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Higher Education in Republic of Macedonia
The bearer of the Higher Education in Republic of Macedonia is
Ministry of Education and Science.
• State Governmental Universities = 5
• Private Universities = 14
• Academic Ranking of World Universities: Shanghai Ranking
The ranking of Macedonian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) was
commissioned by Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of
Macedonia in February, 2011 and released on February 16, 2012.
Nineteen qualified HEIs were included in the ranking. The ranking used 19
indicators of academic performance and competitiveness, covering major
mission aspects of HEIs such as teaching, research and social service. It
is the first university ranking in Macedonia.
4
Macedonian HEIs Ranking
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
Faculty of Mechanical
University
The
ranking of
of Skopje
Macedonian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) was commissionedEngineering
by Ministry of
Education and Science of Republic of Macedonia in February, 2011 and released on February 16,
2012. Nineteen qualified HEIs were included in the ranking. The ranking used 19 indicators of
academic performance and competitiveness, covering major mission aspects of HEIs such as
teaching, research and social service. It is the first university ranking in Macedonia.
Macedonian HEIs Ranking 2011/12
Overall
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Institution
University Ss. Cyril and Methodius – Skopje
Southeast Europe University - Tetovo
University “Goce Delcev” – Stip
University “St. Kliment Ohridski” – Bitola
University for Computer Science and Information
Technology “Ss. Apostle Paul” – Ohrid
International Balkan University – Skopje
The first Private University, European University of
the Republic of Macedonia – Skopje
Private Faculty of Business and Economy –
NEOKOM - Skopje
School of Journalism and Public Relations
University American College Skopje
First Private University – FON – Skopje
University for Audio Visual Arts – European Film
Academy ESRA Paris – Skopje – New York
State University in Tetovo
University for Tourism and Management – Skopje
International Slavonic Institute G. R. Derzavin in
Sveti Nikole
International University in Struga
MIT - Skopje
Private Professional Institution of Higher Education
for Business Studies “Euro College” – Kumanovo
Business Academy - Smilevski - Skopje
Founding
Year
Total
Score
Score on
Teaching
& Learning
Score on
Research
Score on
Social
Service
1949
2001
2007
1979
100
61.9
61.7
55.5
88.7
67.1
81.6
72.1
100
50
60.5
43.6
100
59.6
1.6
28.3
2009
44.1
100
0
0
2006
41.6
90.3
4.3
0
2005
38.5
80
7.4
0.6
2006
37.9
56.4
31
0
2008
2005
2003
37.5
36.4
35.4
85
70.5
65
0
10.4
16
0
5
0
2007
32.2
64.1
6.7
6
2004
2006
29.5
25.3
58.1
47
9.2
9.6
0
3.1
2005
24.9
54.8
1.7
0
2007
2007
24.5
22.9
49
52
6.4
0
0.9
0
2008
15.6
35.5
0
0
2008
11.7
26.6
0
0
5
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
6
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
SS. Cyril and Methodius University v.s. Other
• The oldest and biggest University in Republic of Macedonia is
Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, where, study
around 30000 students. (Integrated University from 2010)
 University Structure, compose of:
23 Faculties => 9 Faculties from Engineering field,
and
9 Autonomus Public Scientific Institutes.
• The second State University is Bitola.
• The other State Universities are very new.
• Private Universities do not have serious scientific R&D
7
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
8
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Education at UKIM - University of Skopje
 At UKIM - University of Skopje we have established Bologna
Process in 2004/05.
 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Faculty of Low were
pioneers in renewed curriculum with ECTS according to
Bologna Process. (We are in the second process of renewing
of curriculum, wait approval from accreditation board, starting
from September 2012)
9
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Education at FME
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering offers different study
programs…
 Academic study with 4 years duration
=> 9 bachelor’s degree programs
 Professional study with 3 years duration
=> 5 bachelor’s degree programs
10
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Important of IP
• During the preparation of my doctoral dissertation (2000/03) I
realized how important is the issue of protection of scientific
research.
• Result of protection of my scientific research&development
work, I am owner of few patents (one of them granted with
Golden Medal in Brussels, 2003).
• From that experience, develop teaching subject:
Management of New Product Development (8 EKTS)
offered on three study programs (approx. 90 students):
 Academic study at Industrial Engineering and Management
 Professional studies: Production Informatics and Industrial
Design
11
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Creations of the Mind: IP Assets
• Students obtain knowledge of the Intellectual Property Rights:
1. Industrial Property:
• Patents (inventions)
• Utility Models
• Trade Secret
• Trademarks
• Industrial Designs
• Geographic Indications
• New Plant Varieties
2. Copyright (author rights), related rights.
• Students, have doing practical project.
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Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
IP Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer
• Many thanks to CARDS project: WIPO University Initiative
start 2005, was established office for providing information to
the University Researchers in protecting their researches and
innovations.
• By my experience and as a WIPO University Coordinator I
have information that Universities in this region, West Balkan
Countries and Turkey still they have not established University
IP policy, what is the first important level for serious research
and protecting Intellectual Property Rights.
13
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
National IP Strategy
• Republic of Macedonia has implemented its National IP
Strategy, under which diversified and comprehensive policy
tools have been adopted to promote innovation and effective
utilization of innovative achievements (2010)
Not Sufficient Commercialization and Technology Transfer
•
Among all utilized patents in Republic of Macedonia, 95% is
self-utilized by the right owners, while the ratio of transferred
and licensed is only below 5%.
•
Easier to file, harder to commercialize and transfer
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Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Not Sufficient Interest for R&D Projects
•
•
•
•
Lack of Support (Government, Ministry University) and incentive
Lack of Strategic Research Planning
Gap between basic research and market needs
Lack of Funds for IP protection
• Lack of IP Knowledge
• Lack of expertise to Manage TT and Commercialization Process
• Lack of Entrepreneurial Skills
• Conflict of interest (University vs. Industry)
15
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Major Problems in Technology Transfer
• Imbalanced capacities and potentials for innovation
• Complexity of technology transfer
• No willing to transfer technology
• Out of date technologies transferred
• Hard to access to information & evaluation of technology
• High cost for negotiations, signing and executing contract
• IP abuse hindering technology transfer and innovation
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Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Most Important Legal Sources
•
•
•
•
•
Industrial Property Law (21/2009 and 24/2011)
Law for Copyrights and Related Rights (15/2010 and 51/2011)
Law for Seed and Planting Material for Agricultural Plants (39/06)
Law for Topography of Integrated Circuits (5/98, 33/2006 and 136/2011)
Customs Law of Measures for the Protection of Intellectual Property
Rights (38/2005, 107/2005 and 135/2011)
• Obligations Law (18/2001, 4/2002, 5/2003 and 84/2008)
• Law on Protection of Competition (145/2010)
• Law on State Aid Control (145/2010)
• Law against Unfair Competition (80/99)
• Law on the Macedonian Academic and Research Network (124/2010, 47/2011)
• Law on Scientific activity (46/2008, 103/2008 and 24/2011)
17
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Most Important Legal Sources
• Law to Encourage and Facilitate the Technological Development (41/2009)
• Law on Technological Industrial Development Zones
(14/2007, 103/2008, 130/2008,
139/2009 and 156/2010)
• Labour Relations Law – Consolidation (158/2010)
• Company Law (28/2004..... 24/2011)
• Courts Law
• Civil Procedure Law
• Enforcement Law
• Law on General Administrative Procedure
• Law on Administrative Disputes
• Law on Providing Claims
• Criminal Code
• Law on Criminal Procedure
18
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
International Resources – Ratified in RM
• Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization;
• Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
(TRIPS Agreement);
• Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property;
•
•
•
•
•
Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Patents;
European Patent Convention;
Treaty Patent;
Agreement of Trademarks Rights;
Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of
Trademarks;
• Madrid Protocol for International Registration of Trademarks;
• Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial
Designs;
• Stabilisation and Association Republic of Macedonia and the European
Communities and its Member States;
19
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Spin-off Company - CIRKO
CIRKO – CENTER FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND
CONTIUNOUS EDUCATION (estab. 2002) (profit-organiz.)
•
•
•
•
Created by University;
Technologies owned by University;
Financed by University;
Managed by University staff.
INTERNATIONAL SUPPORTED PROJECTS:
•
•
•
•
Technology transfer – GTZ - 9 projects (Germany)
Center for energy efficiency (Norway)
Center for mechanical systems – Center for excellence (USAID)
Johnson Control, Training room (USA)
20
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Focus on Project
Science Projects
•
•
•
•
Biomedical Materials, dental implants, medical prosthesis, etc.
Substitution materials in machines
Advance materials in military, railway vehicles (wagons, locos)
Bioengineering and composite materials
Applied projects
•
•
•
•
Research of patents in pharmaceuticals, generic drugs
New products in cosmetics
Medical haemodialysis solutions
Organic herbs
21
Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University of Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering
Thank you for your attention
**********************************************************************************
Professor Gligorce Vrtanoski, Ph.D.
Head of the Division for Manufacturing Systems and Technologies
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University Skopje
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Institute for Production Engineering and Management
Karpos II b.b., or P.O.Box 464
MK-1000 Skopje,
Republic of Macedonia
Tel.: +389 2 3099 259
Fax.: +389 2 3099 298
Mob: +389 70 268 699
E-mail: [email protected]
[email protected]******************
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