Project «An Ideal WELFARE State» Has executed: Mukhametshina Gulnur From 10 ”A” class. Has checked: Smolyakova N.I Plan Key words Key-word expressions Spidergram Story Literature Key words Benefit Allowance The retired The disabled The widowed The unemployed The sick Income To claim Key-word expressions A Welfare State The National Health Service The National Security The National Insurance To be entitled A certain level Medical care Spidergram Basic Principles Medical care An Ideal Welfare State Categories of Citizens entitled to Various benefits Types Of benefits Story My Ideal State is a Welfare State, a country that has a system of ensuring the welfare of its citizens by the means of social services, provided by the state. At the national level the Government is responsible for the National Health Service, National Insurance and Social Security. When people work they must pay contributions to the National Insurance fund. Contributions are also made by the employer and the Government. National Insurance benefits are available to the unemployed, the sick, the retired, the disable, the widowed and every child. Social Security covers a wide range of payments, mainly to people who do not qualify for National Insurance payments. The main social groups who claim Social Security benefits are: single parents, the longterm unemployed, and pensioners whose pension is too low. People in full-time work whose earnings are below a certain level can claim benefits, too. In Ideal Welfare State some categories of people are entitled to financial help: Retired people/pensioners receive state/retirement pension. Women whose husbands die before they retire if they are aged 45 or over receive widow’s pension. Women who leave work to have a baby receive maternity pay. Every child until he/she leaves school or longer if the child continues education (up to 19) receive child benefit. A person who is out of work for up to a year receive unemployment benefit. Families with children who have very low incomes receive family credit. A person who is unable to work after a sickness period receive invalidity pension. Disabled people receive mobility allowance to pay for transport or to buy a special vehicle. Medical insurance is organized by the Government and is compulsory. The country doesn’t spend a lot of money per person on health care. Despite the shortage of money, the system of medical care works well. Citizens spend a small proportion of their wealth on health service, because of its simple administration. In spite of being poor, you can get good medical care. Although Welfare State has public health care, it has a private sector, too. There is a little cooperation between public health care service and the private sector. In the Welfare State, most benefits are available to everybody who is entitled to them and it’s very good. In the Welfare State, nobody is allowed to live in poverty. Everybody is to have proper health care and education regardless of their income. The Welfare State helps the disabled. The Welfare State system provides the elderly with an income that allows them to live some degree of dignity. Without financial help, many people would have been reduced to begging. Literature Working with this project I used student’s book, activity book, exercise book and vocabulary.