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*REMEMBER*
UNIT 6 QUIZ
Available from Tuesday 3 pm to
Friday midnight.
YOU MUST COMPLETE 7 OUT OF 9
QUIZZES TO PASS THIS CLASS.
BOOK REVIEWS
Are due IN CLASS on
THURSDAY MAY 20
NO EXCEPTIONS!!
BRING DRAFT TO SECTION THIS WEEK
Unit 6:
Economic Archaeology:
Studying Production and Exchange
Economic Behavior
Means of producing, distributing, and
consuming things that are biologically
necessary and/or culturally valued.
Oikos = house
Nemein = distribute, manage
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Production
A. Forces of Production:
1) Means of Production
--technology, resources
2) Organization of Production
--division of labor
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
B. Social Relations of
Production:
 social identity, status, and
power
Exchange
 The distribution and consumption of things
Evans-Pritchard: “the chain along which social
relationships run”
Marcel Mauss: The Gift--reciprocity creates
relationships of obligation and dependency
Commodities: “objects of value”
Value: determined by “desire and demand”
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Production and Exchange
Links material things to social world.
Imbues objects with symbolic and social
potential (agency).
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Archaeological Case Studies:
Pottery Manufacture and Exchange in the
Rio Grande Valley, New Mexico,
AD.1300-1700
The Arroyo Hondo Pottery Study (1988-1990)
The Rio Grande Glaze Ware Project (1995-present)
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Arroyo Hondo Pottery Study
One of the earliest nucleated towns in NRG:
Component 1 (A.D. 1300-1350)
Component 2 (A.D. 1370-1425)
Decorated pottery dominated by various and
diverse types of black-on-white bowls
throughout occupation
Analytical Techniques: attribute analysis;
petrography; XRF
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Black-on-White Pottery
Local diversity of styles and resources
Elaborate, labor intensive designs
Small to medium bowls
No evidence of workshops
Each local type not widely distributed
Reflect emergence of new communities and
localized ethnolinguistic identities
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Rio Grande Glaze Ware Project
Four Sites: San Marcos, Cieneguilla, Pueblo
Blanco, and Kuapa
Associated with two archaeological districts
(Galisteo and Santo Domingo) that are
identified historically and ethnographically
w/ two different ethnolinguistic groups
(Tano and Keres)
Analytical Techniques: attribute analysis;
petrography; lead isotope analysis
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Glaze Painted Pottery
More restricted use of resources (control?)
More standardized forms and sizes
Simplicity/efficiency of designs
Some community specialization
Large bowls (feasting?)
Iconographic imagery (regional cult)
Reflects emergence of inter-community
alliances and exchange networks
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
Glaze Ware Production, Exchange and
Use in its Broader Social Context
Judith Habicht-Mauche, UCSC, Spring 2005
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