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Cody Lawson
Vitaceae
 Genus: Vitis Vinifera
 Grows on vines
 Fruiting Berry
Geography of Cultivation/Origin
 6,000-8,000 years ago from Georgia (country)
 Gene-mapping of grapes mapped heritage to Georgia
 First ever wine discovered from Georgia
 Wild Grapes in North America were part of the diet of
Native Americans
Morphological Description
 Can grow in clusters of 15-300
 Come in many colors: Green, Purple, Orange, Pink,
dark blue, Crimson, and even Black
 White grapes are actually green in color, derived from
the purple grape through mutations
 Generally an ellipsoid shape
 About 80% water, until dried to raisins then its 15%
Cultivation
 75,866 sq km are used in the production of grapes
 Grapes need full-sun to grow
 The vines can tolerate almost every soil there is,
provided it has proper draining
 Very drought resistant but susceptible to fungus in the
roots if not given water
Plant Uses
 According to FAO, 71% of all production of grapes is
for wine, 27% as fresh produce, and 2% is dried
 Small portion is used for grape juice
Top producers of grapes for wine
making
Country
Area (km²)
World grape production and some of the important
producers
Spain
11,750
France
8,640
Italy
8,270
Turkey
8,120
United States
4,150
Iran
2,860
Romania
2,480
China
8,039,091
8,651,831
12.67%
Portugal
2,160
Italy
8,242,500
7,787,800
11.40%
Argentina
2,080
6,629,160
6,220,360
9.11%
Chile
1,840
United
States
Spain
5,573,400
6,107,200
8.94%
Australia
1,642
France
6,104,340
5,848,960
8.56%
Armenia
1,459
Turkey
4,264,720
4,255,000
6.23%
Lebanon
1,122
Chile
2,500,000
Argentina
2,181,570
2,616,610
India
1,878,000
2,263,100
Iran
2,255,670
2,255,670
Country
World
Productio
n
in 2009
(Tonnes)
67,901,744
‡
(F)
(A)
Productio
n
in 2010
(Tonnes)
2,755,700
68,311,466
‡
(I)
Percentag
e of
world
productio
n
in 2010
4.03%
3.83%
(I)
3.31%
3.30%
(A)
100%
Historical Facts
 Grapes are used in Catholicism, the wine is used in the
partaking of Communion
 Oldest grape vine is 400 years old
 Oldest winery was found in Armenia it was 4,000 years
old
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