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Theme: PASSIVE VOICE
• Цели урока:
• 1. Понятие о страдательном залоге;
• 2. Построение форм страдательного залога
в группе Simple;
• 3. Сопоставление форм активного и
страдательного залогов;
• 4. Сравнение изучаемого языка с родным,
осознание особенностей каждого.
One smart man, he felt smart.
Two smart men, they both felt smart.
Three smart men, they all felt smart.
Do
give
have
say
see
be
speak
build
write
read
Put the verbs in the past simple
• Children ( to visit) Mr. Grey in the
morning.
• They ( to give ) her apples from their
garden.
• We (not to translate) the poems.
• John ( to write) a poem.
PASSIVE VOICE
YOU WANT TO SHOW THAT OBJECT
HAS THE LARGER IMPORTANCE THAN
SUBJECT
Passive Voice
We use passive forms when:
• a) we don`t know WHO did it;
The window was broken an hour ago.
• b) we are interested in WHAT happens, not
WHO it is done by;
His watch was stolen in the street.
• с) the situation is rather formal.
Smoking is not allowed.
Passive Voice
Somebody cleans
subject
This room
be+V3
this room every day. (active)
object
is cleaned every day. (passive)
subject
The object of the active verb becomes the subject in the new
sentence.
Passive voice use the verb to be + past participle
Simple Present
Simple Past
Future
am
is (not)
are
was
Were
(not)
will (not) be
Participle II
(III form,-ed)
Remember
If we want to say who does the action,
we use by :
This house was built by my grandfather.
Two hundred people are employed by the company.
If somebody does the action with the help of
instruments, we use with :
Meat should be cut with a knife.
Food in Japan is eaten with chopsticks.
We learn
English
at the University. (Active)
is learnt at the University by us (Passive)
.
me the
thebook
book . (Active)
He gave me
The book was given to me by him (Passive)
I was given the book b y him . (Passive)
They will do
This work
this
work
this
work
tomorrow. (Active)
will be done tomorrow by them . (Pass.)
Translate using Present, Past or Future Simple Passive:
• Меня встретили – Меня встречают – Меня встретят
–
I was met –
I am met
I will be met
• Её видели – Её видят – Её увидят
–
She was seen –
She is seen
She will be seen
• Нас послали – Нас посылают – Нас пошлют
We were sent–
We are –sent
We will be sent
• Ему помогли – Ему помогают – Ему помогут
He was helped–
He is helped
He will be helped
–
• Вам прочитали – Вам читают – Вам прочитают
–
You were read–
You are read
You will be read
Translate into Russian
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
She is shown
He was sent
They were lost
I will be heard
We are repeated
He will be answered
They are called
You are invited
I was understood
She is known
He will be given
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ей показывают
Его послали
Их потеряли
Меня услышат
Нам повторяют
Ему ответят
Их называют
Тебя приглашают
Меня поняли
Её знают
Ему дадут
Translate into English,using Past Simple Active or Past Simple
Passive:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Я рассказал
I told
Она спросила
She asked
Мы ответили
We answered
Они дали
They gave
Он пригласил
He invited
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Мне рассказали
I was told
Её спросили
She was asked
Нам ответили
We were answered
Им дали
They were given
Его пригласили
He was invited
Еда покупается
мамой в магазине
Книги читают в автобусе
Дом строится
Уроки делаются учеником
Банан съеден обезьяной
Обед приготовлен мамой
Match 2 parts of the sentences to make up well known proverbs
and find their Russian equivalents.
• 1. Marriages are made
undone
• 2. Easily earned money
taught
• 3. The devil is not so black
spent
• 4. Things done painted
• 5. Better untaught
•
•
•
•
•
a) cannot be
b) than badly
c) is quickly
d) as he is
e) in heaven
Браки совершаются на небесах.
Недоученный хуже неучёного.
Не так страшен черт как его малюют.
После драки кулаками не машут.
Что легко наживается, легко и проживается.
Text 1.
Read, find and underline passive voice.
HOW A LETTER WAS SENT TO MY FRIEND
I sat down at my table, took a sheet of paper, a pen and an
envelope. I tried to write all that I had to say. When the letter was
written, it was put into the envelope. The address was written on
the envelope.
The letter was ready. It could be posted.
TEST
Variant 1.
Change active into passive.
1.The gardener plants some trees.
2. Doctor Brown will give you some advice.
3. A famous designer will redecorate the hotel.
4. Steven Spielberg directed “E.T.”
5. Someone broke the vase.
Variant 2.
Change active into passive.
1. The postman delivers letters.
2. They built this church in 1815.
3. The policeman arrested the thief.
4. The Queen will open a new library.
5. He writes a book.
Запомните: Если после сказуемого в страдательном залоге стоит
предлог, то начинать переводить предложение следует именно с этого
предлога.
He was sent for. – За ним послали.
We were followed. – За нами пошли.
She is often spoken about.
He was looked at with interest.
They will be talked about.
This house is not lived in.
This bed was not slept in.
I will be followed.
This question was not
answered.
О ней часто говорят.
На него смотрели с
интересом.
О них будут говорить.
В этом доме не живут.
В этой кровати не спали.
За мной пойдут.
На этот вопрос не ответили.
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