Theme: PASSIVE VOICE • Цели урока: • 1. Понятие о страдательном залоге; • 2. Построение форм страдательного залога в группе Simple; • 3. Сопоставление форм активного и страдательного залогов; • 4. Сравнение изучаемого языка с родным, осознание особенностей каждого. One smart man, he felt smart. Two smart men, they both felt smart. Three smart men, they all felt smart. Do give have say see be speak build write read Put the verbs in the past simple • Children ( to visit) Mr. Grey in the morning. • They ( to give ) her apples from their garden. • We (not to translate) the poems. • John ( to write) a poem. PASSIVE VOICE YOU WANT TO SHOW THAT OBJECT HAS THE LARGER IMPORTANCE THAN SUBJECT Passive Voice We use passive forms when: • a) we don`t know WHO did it; The window was broken an hour ago. • b) we are interested in WHAT happens, not WHO it is done by; His watch was stolen in the street. • с) the situation is rather formal. Smoking is not allowed. Passive Voice Somebody cleans subject This room be+V3 this room every day. (active) object is cleaned every day. (passive) subject The object of the active verb becomes the subject in the new sentence. Passive voice use the verb to be + past participle Simple Present Simple Past Future am is (not) are was Were (not) will (not) be Participle II (III form,-ed) Remember If we want to say who does the action, we use by : This house was built by my grandfather. Two hundred people are employed by the company. If somebody does the action with the help of instruments, we use with : Meat should be cut with a knife. Food in Japan is eaten with chopsticks. We learn English at the University. (Active) is learnt at the University by us (Passive) . me the thebook book . (Active) He gave me The book was given to me by him (Passive) I was given the book b y him . (Passive) They will do This work this work this work tomorrow. (Active) will be done tomorrow by them . (Pass.) Translate using Present, Past or Future Simple Passive: • Меня встретили – Меня встречают – Меня встретят – I was met – I am met I will be met • Её видели – Её видят – Её увидят – She was seen – She is seen She will be seen • Нас послали – Нас посылают – Нас пошлют We were sent– We are –sent We will be sent • Ему помогли – Ему помогают – Ему помогут He was helped– He is helped He will be helped – • Вам прочитали – Вам читают – Вам прочитают – You were read– You are read You will be read Translate into Russian • • • • • • • • • • • She is shown He was sent They were lost I will be heard We are repeated He will be answered They are called You are invited I was understood She is known He will be given • • • • • • • • • • • Ей показывают Его послали Их потеряли Меня услышат Нам повторяют Ему ответят Их называют Тебя приглашают Меня поняли Её знают Ему дадут Translate into English,using Past Simple Active or Past Simple Passive: • • • • • • • • • • Я рассказал I told Она спросила She asked Мы ответили We answered Они дали They gave Он пригласил He invited • • • • • • • • • • Мне рассказали I was told Её спросили She was asked Нам ответили We were answered Им дали They were given Его пригласили He was invited Еда покупается мамой в магазине Книги читают в автобусе Дом строится Уроки делаются учеником Банан съеден обезьяной Обед приготовлен мамой Match 2 parts of the sentences to make up well known proverbs and find their Russian equivalents. • 1. Marriages are made undone • 2. Easily earned money taught • 3. The devil is not so black spent • 4. Things done painted • 5. Better untaught • • • • • a) cannot be b) than badly c) is quickly d) as he is e) in heaven Браки совершаются на небесах. Недоученный хуже неучёного. Не так страшен черт как его малюют. После драки кулаками не машут. Что легко наживается, легко и проживается. Text 1. Read, find and underline passive voice. HOW A LETTER WAS SENT TO MY FRIEND I sat down at my table, took a sheet of paper, a pen and an envelope. I tried to write all that I had to say. When the letter was written, it was put into the envelope. The address was written on the envelope. The letter was ready. It could be posted. TEST Variant 1. Change active into passive. 1.The gardener plants some trees. 2. Doctor Brown will give you some advice. 3. A famous designer will redecorate the hotel. 4. Steven Spielberg directed “E.T.” 5. Someone broke the vase. Variant 2. Change active into passive. 1. The postman delivers letters. 2. They built this church in 1815. 3. The policeman arrested the thief. 4. The Queen will open a new library. 5. He writes a book. Запомните: Если после сказуемого в страдательном залоге стоит предлог, то начинать переводить предложение следует именно с этого предлога. He was sent for. – За ним послали. We were followed. – За нами пошли. She is often spoken about. He was looked at with interest. They will be talked about. This house is not lived in. This bed was not slept in. I will be followed. This question was not answered. О ней часто говорят. На него смотрели с интересом. О них будут говорить. В этом доме не живут. В этой кровати не спали. За мной пойдут. На этот вопрос не ответили.