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Foreign Direct
Investment
(FDI)
Student: Anna Iegorova
Group: IE-11(e)
Content
 Determination of FDI
 Benefits and risks of FDI
 Investment climate
 FDI inflow into Ukrainian economy
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 is
a
crucial
development,
reduction,
factor
sustained
improved
for
economic
economic
and
growth,
infrastructure,
and
social
poverty
financial
stability.
 is an investment of capital in the foreign country in
order to make profit and to ensure long-term economic
interests in this particular country.
 investments allow an exporter of capital to establish
control over the object, in which it invests.
 FDI is vital complement to national and international
development efforts
 FDI contributes toward financing sustained economic
growth over the long term.
Benefits and risks of FDI
Beneficial effect
 The accumulation of capital;
 Development of technological and managerial knowledge;
 Regional and sectoral development;
 Internal competition and entrepreneurship growth;
 Balance of Payments; etc.
Negative influence
 The industrial supremacy;
 Technological dependence;
 Violation of economic plans;
 Cultural changes;
 Intervention TNCs in the host Government activities; etc.
Investment Climate
of the state
- a set of political, legal, economic and social
conditions that provide and facilitate investment
activities of domestic and foreign investors.
Favorable investment climate must protect the
investor from investment risks.
Investment Climate in Ukraine
13%
18%
5 - definitely favourable
to investing
8%
5%
49%
51%
37%
3%
18%
8%
7%
5%
5%
20%
15%
22%
0%
11%
24%
22%
25%
1%
1%
13%
2%
6%
8%
0%
2%
7%
1%
10%
2%
5%
7%
2%
6%
3%
6%
8%
17%
19%
4 - rather favourable to
investing
3 - neutral to investing
33%
47%
53%
42%
8%
15% 2%
0%
40%
35%
48%
40%
37%
50%
37%
44%
52%
4%
2 - rather unfavourable
to investing
12%
35%
22%
20%
43%
48%
37%
55%
38%
21%
1 - definitely
unfavourable to
investing
Mean
Positive Changes in
Investment Climate
(during the last 6 month of the year 2014)
No positive changes
29%
A legitime President is in place
21%
Signature of Association Agreement with EU
19%
New authorities, anti-corrution direction of
development
18%
IMF decision on stand-by loan, national currency
stabilisation
No major changes, but expectations of positive
changes are still in place
9%
4%
Negative Changes in
Investment Climate
(during the last 6 months of the year 2014)
Hard to say
9%
War in Donbass
60%
No real governmental activity to make reforms in doing
business
19%
Financial institutions instability, UAH devaluation
Outflow of russian investments, loosing the russian market
9%
4%
FDI inflow
FDI structure by sector:
Finance
Industrial , including:
Metal products
Foods and beverages
Electricity, gas, water
Mining
Chemicals
Machine building
Real Estate
Retail
Other
29,6%;
31,5%,
11,3%,
5,6%,
2,8%,
2,8%,
2,4%,
2,1%;
16,6%;
11%;
11,3%.
Conclusion
 FDI is one of the indicators characterizing the degree
of integration into the world community
 Ukraine’s growing economy has always
attractive for foreign businesses and investors
been
 Potential investors wary the influence of negative
factors such as an excessive regulations; complex,
confusing and high taxes; laws that can be changed;
inability to fulfill contracts, etc.
Thank You For
Your Attention!
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