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People say: "spread your
carpet out and I shall tell
you what kind of person
you are”. And you make
sure of this popular
wisdom when you see the
unique works of modest
carpet-makers from the
distant mountain Lezghin
and Tabasaran auks.
Complicated and fine
patters of the ornament,
original gamut of colors
are achieved with the help
of the ordinary crochet
hook and natural dyestuffs from the grey clover
roots, walnut, pear and
apple-trees bark.
The carpet art has been
formed in Dagestan
during many centuries.
Its origin and
improvement were the
result of fast
development of
According to ancient
Greek historians, in the
5-century ВС, the
population of West
Coast of the Caspian
Sea was occupied in
making of multiсоlord
woolen fabrics. They
colored fabrics with
natural dyestuffs,
which were made of
plants, growing in the
Oriental pattern was
widespread in many
regions and villages of
Dagestan. Almost each
nation of those who
live in Dagestan has its
favorites type of
The local masters,
especially women
produced not only
carpets and rugs, but
also different knitted
woolen goods, such as
pillows, decorative
mates, bags, curtains,
socks and stockings,
knitted boots and
Decorative embroidery
was also a typical
occupation in many
villages of Dagestan.
Today Dagestan is
famous for its pile
carpets, which are
recognized not only at
home, but also outside
of it. They are
produced in Lezghin,
Tabasaran and Rutul
regions and in
Pile carpets, which are
made there, are known
under the name
«Daghestan» or
«Derbent». They are
widely known in our
country and are
exported to a number of
foreign countries,
including England,
Germany and the U.S.A.
Lezghins also make
carpets without pile,
known as «sumakh»
which are used as a rule,
for a floor. They are big,
as one «sumakh» should
cover a floor of the
whole room.
The average time period
of an exploitation of the
carpets is about 250-300
years. Daghestan handmade carpets have
national character, are
very much valued as
family relic and treasure.
They are firm, durable
and heavy inimitable
color, composition and
design. Carpets as the
works of eternally young
and unique art have
preserved the traditions
and technology of the old
past till today. They are
widely used to decorate
the interior of the houses
and social places, they
well harmonize with any
The main design on the
Daghestan carpets consists of
geometric ornament symbolizing
silhouettes of animals, birds and
vegetation of the
surrounding life and nature with
typical combination of warm and
cold contoured colors giving the
design expressiveness and
delicacy. They produce carpets
without a pile and the ones with
embossed images. The unique
nature of the carpets require
good qualification, exquisite
taste, individual skill, great
patience and hard work and
assiduity, because they are made
in sedentary posture.
Many experienced
masters can perform
their work without a
technical scheme of
design having it in
their memory. A
good carpet-maker
very keenly, hardly
touching the threads
of yarn can perform
about 7-8 thousand
knots a day, spending
only 2 seconds on
each. Depending on
use each carpet has
its own structure,
design and coloring
Daghestan carpets are exhibited in the museum of
New York, Paris, Montreal, Osaka, Milan, Tokyo,
Izmir and many other places. In there quality
Daghestan carpets are not worse than the best world
samples. They are constantly exhibited at
international and home fairs and shows and were
awarded honor diplomas and gold medals at the
international exhibition in Brussels (Belgium, 1958),
Leipzig exhibition-fair (Germany, 1967). The carpets
are included in the world catalogue under the names
«Tabasaran», «Derbent», «Akhty», «Mikrakh».
From ending of August to the beginning of
September in 2000 year in Russian Exhibition
Centre has passed Russian Festival of economic and
cultural cooperation "Moscow and Russian regions
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