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is used when
something is done to the subject
PASSIVE VOICE
•
The clouds were blown away by the wind.
2
The dog is taken for a walk by Mr.
Green.
3
THE GENERAL FORMULA
to BE + V
3
to be is changed according to the tense and the
subject :
Present Simple: to be = am / is / are
I am always asked to look after his dog.
Past Simple: to be = was / were
I was asked to look after his dog yesterday.
Future Simple: to be = shall / will be
I shall be asked at the next lesson.
4
You do not need to learn all the
formulae by heart !
You can always work it out!
ACTIVE VOICE
Simple
Progressive
Future
Shall/will
V
Present
V (s)
Past
V2
Am/is/are
+ V ing
was / were
+ V ing
Perfect
Perfect
Progr.
Shall/will
have V3
Have /has
V3
Had V3
do not exist in Passive Voice
6
PASSIVE VOICE
to be + V3
Simple
Future
Shall/will
be + V3
Present Am/is/are
V3
Past
Was/were
V3
Progressive
Perfect
P.P
?
?
Am/is/ are + V ing
+
to be + V3
______________________
Am/is are +? being + V3
The house is being built now.
7
PASSIVE VOICE
to be + V3
Simple
Progressive
Perfect
P.P
Future
Shall/will
?
be + V3
Present Am/is/are Am/is/are +
?
Was /were + V ing
V3
+being+V3
+
to be + V3
Past
Was/were
V3
______________________
Was / were?+ being + V3
The house was being built when …
8
PASSIVE VOICE
to be + V3
Simple
Progressive
Perfect
P.P
Future
Shall/will
be + V3
Present Am/is/are Am/is/are
+ have + V3
Shall/will
+
to be + V3
V3
+being+V3
Past
__________________________
Shall/will have been + V3
Was/were was / were
willV3
have been built by the 1st
V3 The+house
being+
of May
9
PASSIVE VOICE
to be + V3
Simple
Future
Progressive
Shall/will
be + V3
Present Am/is/are Am/is/are +
V3
+being+V3
Past
Was/were
V3
Perfect
P.P
Shall/will have
been +V3
Have/has + V3
+
to be + V3
was________________________
/ were
+ being+ Have
V3 /has + been + V3
The house has just been built.
10
PASSIVE VOICE
to be + V3
Simple
Progressive
Perfect
P.P
Future
Shall/will
Shall/will have
been +V3
be + V3
Present Am/is/are Am/is/are + Have / has
had + V3 been + V3
V3
+being+V3
Past
+
to be + V3
_____________________
Was/were was /Had
were
+ been + V3
V3
+ being+ V3
The house had been built by 1888.
11
PASSIVE VOICE
to be + V3
Simple
Progressive
Future Shall/will
be + V3
Present Am/is/are Am/is/are +
V3
+being+V3
Past
Was/were
V3
Perfect
P.P
Shall/will have
been +V3
Have / has
been + V3
was / were Had been + V3
+ being+ V3
12
PAY ATTENTION
The hunter killed the duck.
The duck was killed by the hunter.
THE SUBJECT AND THE
OBJECT REPLACED EACH
OTHER
13
If it is not known or not important who did the action,
miss it in the sentence in Passive Voice
They built the church in the 18 –th century.
The church was built in the 18 – th century by them.
If you want to say who did it or what
caused the action, use BY .
14
If you want to change the sentence
from Active into Passive, you must:
A.V. The company often sends Tom abroad
1.change the subject and the object:
Tom …………
by the company.
2. Find the verb and find out its tense
sends
Present Simple
3.Put the verb into the formula of this tense in Passive
according to the subject
is sent
P.V. Tom is often sent abroad by the company
15
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