close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

код для вставкиСкачать
The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK)
The PMBOK guide is an attempt to document the generally
accepted PM information and practices and has since become the
standard amongst project management around the globe.
1
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK)
is a collection of processes and knowledge areas generally accepted
as best practice within the project management discipline.
As an internationally recognized standard (IEEE Std 1490-2003) it
provides the fundamentals of project management, irrespective of
the type of project be it construction, software, engineering,
automotive etc.
PMBOK recognizes 5 basic process groups and
9_knowledge areas typical of almost all projects.
Processes overlap and interact throughout a project or phase.
Processes are described in terms of:
• Inputs (documents, plans, designs, etc.)
• Tools and Techniques (mechanisms applied to inputs)
• Outputs (documents, products, etc.)
2
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
Project Management Process Groups and Knowledge Areas Map
Knowledge
Areas
Project
Integration
Management
(Process Matrix Chart)
Project Management Process Groups
Initiating
Develop Project
Charter
Planning
Develop Project
Management Plan
Executing
Direct and Manage
Project Execution
Monitoring & Controlling
Monitor and Control Project
Work
Perform Integrated Change
Control
Project Scope
Management
Collect Requirements
Define Scope
Create Work Breakdown
Structure (WBS)
Verify Scope
Control Scope
Project Time
Management
Project Time
Management
•Define Activities
•Sequence Activities
•Estimate Activity Resources
•Estimate Activity Durations
•Develop Schedule
•Control Schedule
Project Cost
Management
Estimate Costs
Determine Budget
Control Costs
Project Quality
Management
Plan Quality
Perform Quality
Assurance
Project Human
Resource
Management
•Develop Human Resource
Plan
Acquire Project Team
Develop Project Team
Manage Project Team
Plan Communications
Distribute Information
Manage Stakeholder
Expectations
Project
Communications
Management
Identify
Stakeholders
Project Risk
Management
•Plan Risk Management
•Identify Risk
•Perform Qualitative Risk
Analysis
•Perform Quantitative Risk
Analysis
•Plan Risk Response
Project
Procurement
Management
Plan Procurements
Closing
Close Project or
Phase
Perform Quality Control
Report Performance
•Monitor & Control Risk
Conduct Procurements
Administer Procurements
Close
Procurements
3
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
Project Cost Management
Describes the processes involved in planning, estimating, budgeting, and
controlling costs so that the project can be completed within the approved
budget.
• Estimate Costs
• Determine Budget
• Control Costs
Comments: for developing cost estimates and budgets and performing ongoing project cost control .
4
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
Estimate Costs
Inputs, Tools and Techniques, and Outputs
Inputs
1. Scope baseline
2. Project schedule
3. Human resource plan
4. Risk register
5. Enterprise environmental
factors
6. Organizational process assts
Tools & Techniques
1. Expert judgment
2. Analogous estimating
3. Parametric estimating
4. Bottom-up estimating
5. Three-point estimates
6. Reserve analysis
7. Cost of quality
8. Project management
estimating software
9. Vendor bid analysis
Outputs
1. Activity cost estimates
2. Basis of estimates
3. Project document updates
5
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
Determine Budget
Inputs, Tools and Techniques, and Outputs
Inputs
1. Activity cost estimates
2. Basis of estimates
3. Scope baseline
4. Project schedule
5. Resource calendars
6. Contracts
7. Organizational process
assets
Tools & Techniques
1. Cost aggregation
2. Reserve analysis
3. Expert judgment
4. Historical relationships
5. Funding limit reconciliation
Outputs
1. Cost Performance baseline
2. Project funding requirements
3. Project document updates
6
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
Control Costs
Inputs, Tools and Techniques, and Outputs
Inputs
1. Project Management Plan
2. Project funding requirements
3. Work performance
information
4. Organizational process
assets
Tools & Techniques
1. Earned Value Management
2. Forecasting
3. To-complete performance
index
4. Performance reviews
5. Variance analysis
6. Project management
software
Outputs
1. Work performance
measurements
2. Budget forecasts
3. Organizational process
assets updates
4. Change requests
5. Project management plan
updates
6. Project document updates
7
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
Inputs, Tools and Techniques, and Outputs
Inputs
1.
Tools & Techniques
1.
Outputs
1.
8
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
The Project Management Knowledge Areas organize
the 42 project management processes into nine
Knowledge Areas.
Project Management Knowledge Areas describe the key
competencies that project managers must develop.
• Four core knowledge areas lead to specific
project objectives (scope, time, cost, and quality).
• Four facilitating knowledge areas are the
means through which the project objectives are
achieved (human resources, communication, risk, and
procurement management).
•
One knowledge area (project integration
management) affects and is affected by all of the
other knowledge areas.
9
Source: PMBOK 4th Ed.
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа