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Икономиката на познанието
Световната банка и българските
предизвикателства
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
1
Why has Knowledge Economy
become important?
• Knowledge Revolution
• Changing Business Environment
• Link between Knowledge and Growth
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
2
Strong Correlation between KET and
GDP/per capita
Knowledge Economy
40000
GDP per capita
35000
30000
USA
2.1863
y = 269.02x
R2 = 0.8789
Norw ay
Ireland
Canada
Denmark
Japan
Germany Australia
Italy France
25000
20000
Kuw ait
15000
Argentina
Saudi Arabia
10000
5000
Algeria
Estonia
Kenya Mongolia
0
0.00
Russia Lithuania
Latvia
Tunisia
2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
KEI 1999
3
Functional Areas of Knowledgebased Society
• Educated, creative and skilled people
• Effective national innovation system
• Dynamic information infrastructure and
society
• Knowledge-friendly economic and
institutional regime
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
4
Players in the Knowledge-based
economy
•
•
•
•
•
Government
Businesses
Social Partners
Research and Academia
Civil Society and People
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
5
Challenges Ahead
• Coherent Knowledge Economy Strategy
• Public-Private Partnership for Strategy
Implementation
• Conditions for knowledge sharing and
across sector cooperation
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
6
Where is Bulgaria?
• WBI and the Knowledge Assessment
Methodology (KAM)
– set of 69 structural and qualitative variables
– Benchmark on how an economy compares
– helps to identify the problems and opportunities
that a country faces
– could be found at
http://www1.worldbank.org/gdln/kam.htm
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
7
Where is Bulgaria?
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
8
Bulgaria in the Global Context
Know ledge Econom y Index
9,00
Singapore
8,00
Finland UK
EC
Oceania
Ireland Germany
7,00
Estonia
Latvia Chile
Slovenia
Hungary
Czech Republic
Poland
Lithuania
EC Accession Korea
Bulgaria
Slovakia
Mexico EAP
Russia
Brazil
LAC
Turkey
6,00
Most Recent
USA
5,00
4,00
China
MNA
3,00
Romania
AFR
2,00
SA
1,00
0,00
0,00
1,00
2,00
3,00
4,00
5,00
6,00
7,00
8,00
9,00
1995
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
9
How Can the World Bank help?
• Boosts awareness and keeps the dialogue
at highest decision-making level (Paris
and Helsinki KE Conferences)
• Analytical support (Lithuania, Turkey)
• Builds consensus among different
stakeholders
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
10
From Concept to Implementation
A. Transforming Basic Educ.
B. Quality Improvement of
Secondary Educ.
C. Increase access, efficiency,
quality & relevance in Tertiary
D. Developing information
and Counseling Systems
E. Providing Qualification
Assurance Systems
A. Institutional Capacity Building
B. R&D Capacity Upgrading
I. EDUCATION
II. INNOVATION
AND LIFELONG
SYSTEMS
LEARNING
D. Technology Commercialization
E. Industrial Technology
Upgrading
F. Enhancing Science &
Technology in Formal Educ.
KNOWLEDGE
ECONOMY
A. Information Infrastructure
A. Competitiveness Policy
B. e-Leadership, Policy &
Inst. Development
C. e-Government
D. Capacity Building/ HR
E. ICT Industry Promotion
F. Socio-Economic e-Dev
Applications
C. Technology Transfer
III. INFO
SOCIETY
IV. ECONOMIC &
INSTITUTIONAL
REGIME
B. Financial Sector
C. Labor Markets
D. Social Protection
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
11
А сега накъде?
International Exhibition Centre, Sofia, October 8-9 2003
12
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