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The gatekeeping system in
Moldova
Viorica Dumbraveanu,
Head of Child Protection Department
25 November 2009
What is a gatekeeping system?
A set of actions by authorised bodies with the aim of
preventing the unnecessary separation of a child
from his or her family and community wherever
possible.
Actions are based on individual assessment of the
child.
Why do we need a gatekeeping
system?
To promote the child’s right to be brought up in a
family.
To ensure that, wherever possible, family-type care
services are provided if the child cannot remain with
his or her family and that institutional care is used
only as a last resort.
Elements of gatekeeping system
1. Assessment – carried out done by an
authorised agency.
2. Availability of child care services providing an alternative to residential care.
3. Decision making - a body responsible for
separation of child from the family where
necessary.
4. Monitoring of decisions taken supported by information systems.
1. Assessment
SASPF – Autoritate tutelară
Building 2
4. Monitoring decision
making
Information system
2. Child care services
Family support services
Family substitute services
3. Decision making
Gatekeeping Commission
GATEKEEPING SYSTEM
Figura 2
1. Assessment: progress
• Social Assistance and Family Protection
Department - Guardianship Authority
• Network of community social assistants
• Mechanism for effective assessment:
– Case management
– Professional supervision
– Referral mechanism
• Training
2. Child care services: progress
• Family support services:
– Community-based social assistance services
– Financial support for families
– Day care services for children
• Family substitute services:
– Guardianship services
– Adoption service
– Foster care service
– Family type home service
3. Decision making
• Decisions are made by Guardianship Authority on the advice of
gatekeeping commission
• Commission is semi-independent:
– Not representatives of Social Assistance or Education Departments
– Members are from Raion Council, NGOs, specialists in child care
– Commission reports to Raion Council
• Commission examines cases of children proposed for
institutionalisation
• Commission issues a notification either for or against residential
placement
• The child is placed in residential care only with
– Child assessment and individual care plan
– Positive notification of Commission
– Authorisation of relevant ministry
4. Monitoring of decision taken:
progress
•
•
•
•
Record keeping at local level
Standardized forms for case records
Information sharing
Monitoring of children in placement
Local level results
Achievements in reducing the number of
children cared for in residenrtial institutions
100%
80%
60%
40%
Orhei
Ungheni
20%
Cahul
0%
National level results 2006-2008
Indicator/year
2006
2007
2008
Operating
Gatekeeping
Commissions
3
15
36
Cases examined
by Gatekeeping
Commissions
472
1,458
829
Cases
recommended for
institutional care
81
(17.2%)
192
(13.2%)
110
(13.2%)
Challenges
• Fast expansion
• Low capacity of Commission members
– Recruitment process
– Lack of training
– Lack of support
•
•
•
•
•
Membership
Resourcing
Scope of work and responsibilities
Lack of child care services
Poor monitoring system
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