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THE PRESENT SIMPLE
TENSE
(Простое настоящее
время)
5 класс
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
(Простое настоящее время)
Случаи употребления простого настоящего времени:
1. Обычные, регулярно повторяющиеся действия;
I do morning exercises every day.
Каждое утро я делаю зарядку.
Указатели времени:
every day – каждый день
usually, normally – обычно
often – часто
always – всегда
sometimes – иногда
seldom - редко
2. Общеизвестная истина;
The sun rises in the East.
Солнце восходит на востоке.
3. Последовательность событий, действий в настоящем
времени.
I get up at 7 o’clock, eat breakfast
and go to school.
Я встаю в 7 часов, завтракаю и
иду в школу.
Указатели времени:
First- сначала
Then- затем
After - потом
Спряжение глаголов в the Present Simple Tense:
Утвердительная форма
I
You
We
They
He
She
It
work
works
Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
Do
I
you
we
they
Does
he
she
it
work?
I
You
We
They
work?
He
She
It
do not work
(don’t)
does not work
(doesn’t)
Правильно пишем и произносим:
Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на –ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o
I watch
he watches
Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на согласную + y
I study
-es, читается /iz/
y+ -ies, читается /z/
he studies
1. Change the sentences according to the model.
Model: They play football.- He plays football.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Your friends speak English. – He …
I read a book. – She…
We write letters. – My sister…
You go to school.- Sam…
They get up at nine o’clock in the morning. – Our father…
They have interesting books.- She…
2. Make questions from the sentences according to the model.
Model: We read and write in Russian.- Do we read and write in Russian?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
She likes animals.- …
They play football.-…
His mother cooks dinner in the morning.-…
He reads newspapers every evening.-…
You have holidays in summer.-…
3. Make negative sentences according to the model.
Use do not (don’t) or does not (doesn’t)
Model: I play chess. (cards).- I do not (don’t) play cards.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Bill plays the piano very well. (guitar) –…
You speak English. (French)– …
The children play football on Mondays. (hockey) – …
Barbara works in London. (live)- …
My father writes novels. (poetry) – …
I swim very well. (dive)- …
4. Choose the verb from the list and complete the text.
watch leave catch do read meet return have get start be
is a student. He 2)……..up
gets
James 1)….
early every morning and 3)has
…..breakfast
catches the bus to
with his family. Then he 4) leaves
…………..for school. James 5)…………..
meets his friends at
school because his school is far from his home. He 6)….……..
starts lessons. After school, he 8)…………
returns home and
school before he 7)………..
does
9)………his
homework. In the evening, he usually 10) watches
………… TV or
reads
11)……………...a
book.
Вопросы и краткие ответы:
Вопросительная форма
Do
I
you
we
they
work?
Does
he
she
it
work?
Краткие ответы
I
you
Yes, we
they
he
Yes, she
I
you
do . No, we
they
it
Answer the questions:
1. Do you live in Moscow?
2. Do you get up at 8 o’clock in the morning?
3. Do you watch TV every day?
4. Does your friend play football?
5. Does your mother like tea?
6. Do you always do your homework?
7. Do you play the guitar?
he
does. No, she
it
do not (don’t) .
does not (doesn’t).
Вопросительные предложения:
I study English at school.
Общий вопрос
Do you study English at school? or Don’t you study English at school?
Разделительный вопрос
You study English at school, don’t you? or You don’t study English at school, do you?
Альтернативный вопрос
Do you study English or German at school?
Специальные вопросы
Where
Why do you study English?
When
Вопрос к подлежащему
Who studies English?
Make questions.
Model: Where/she live.- Where does she live?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What/you want?....
What time/the film start?....
Where/you buy this hat?....
When/the lesson start?...
Who/play the piano?
Make questions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Michael works on a farm. Where...?
Luc likes tea with lemon. What...?
We have six lessons on Monday. When...?
Mr. Jones lives in the country. Who…?
I work at a bookshop. Where…?
Translate into English
1. Ты играешь в футбол?
2. Он не смотрит телевизор по утрам.
3. Даша любит чай с тортом.
4. Когда ты приходишь из школы?
5. Она обедает дома или в школе?
6. Джон не делает домашнее задание по субботам.
7. Кто гуляет с Гарри в парке после школы?
8. Где живет твоя сестра?
9. Я люблю читать английские рассказы, но я не
понимаю многих слов.
10.Моя мама работает в больнице три раза в неделю.
Thank you for your work
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