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good (хороший)
well (хорошо)
much/ many (много)
bad (плохой)
badly (плохо)
little (маленький)
little (мало)
Степени сравнения
Исключения:
better (лучше)
the best (лучший)
more (больше)
worse (хуже)
the most (больше всего)
the worst (самый худший)
less (меньше)
the least (меньше всего)
FARTHER-THE FARTHEST VS. FURTHER-THE FURTHEST
Обе группы этих степеней сравнения образовались от прилагательного far – «далекий,
дальний». Обе эти группы обозначают «более далекий» - farther и further; «самый дальний» - the
farthest и the furthest.
Her new apartment is much farther/ further than she told me.
Moscow is the farthest / furthest city I have ever travelled to.
Однако further-the furthest имеет также другое, более распространенное, значение, которым
farther-the farthest не обладает. Это значение «последующий, дальнейший (о сведениях,
информации)». Причем в этом значении further, и the furthest взаимозаменяемы.
We will send you further/ the furthest information by e-mail.
ELDER-THE ELDEST VS. OLDER-THE OLDEST
Сравнительная и превосходная степень от прилагательного old могут образовываться двумя
способами - Elder-the eldest и older-the oldest. Обе эти формы обозначают «старше» и «самый
старый» соответственно. Однако помимо этого значения, elder-the eldest чащего всего
употребляется в значении «старший в семье». Например, elder brother, the eldest brother. В то же
самое время, если говорить о старшинстве в семье, не рекомендуется употреблять форму olderthe oldest.
Грамматический тест
1. Поставь в нужной степени сравнения
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Jill is _______________________ (intelligent) person than my brother.
My mother is ___________________(good) in the world.
He studies ______________________(bad) than his brother does.
Kate was the_________________________ (practical) of the family.
Greg felt ________________________ (bad) yesterday than the day before.
This wine is the _____________________________ (good) I’ve ever tasted.
Jack was the___________________________________ (tall) of the two.
Jack is the_____________________________ (clever) of the three brothers.
If you need any ________________________ (far) information, please contact
our head office.
10. The sinking of Titanic is one of ___________________ (famous) shipwreck
stories of all time.
11.The deposits of oil in Russia are the _____________________ (rich) in the
world.
12.Could you come a bit ________________________ (early) tomorrow?
13.I like this song _______________________ (well) than the previous one.
14.Which of these two performances did you enjoy ______________________
(much)?
15.The fire was put out __________________________ (quickly) than we expected.
2. Выбери нужную форму
1. I have already read _______________ page of the book!
a) the last b) the later c) the latest
2. She always dresses in ______________________fashion.
a) late b) the latest c) the last
3. Computers are _________________________ discoveries of the 20th century.
a) the latest b) latter c) the last
4. Today is ____________________ day of November.
a) late b) the last c) later
5. Peter came with Tom. Peter was short and _______________ was tall.
a) the latter b) the last
c) the latest
6. I bought _______________ edition of this book.
a) the latest b) the last c) last
7. I was in Spain _______________ summer.
a) the last b) last c) later
8. What is ________________ month of the year.
a) the last b) later c) latter
9. My house is ______________ house on the right.
a) last
b) the last
c) later
10. I was in Moscow and St. Petersburg. ________________ I like more.
a) the last b) latter c) latest
11. He writes interesting books. ___________________ book is the most popular.
a) the last b) the latest c) latter
12. Let’s take a ____________________train.
a) later b) the last c) the latest
3. Подчеркни нужное слово
А:
1. My elder/ older sister is a medical student. She is five years elder/ older than me.
2. I have two brothers. My oldest/ eldest brother is Nick. He is the oldest/ eldest in the
class.
3. My granny is the oldest/ eldest in our family.
4. Is Steve your elder/older or younger brother.
5. Mr Brown has two daughters. His older/ elder daughter is an actress.
В:
1. She lives farther/ further than you think.
2. What do you think about your further/ farther education?
3. I have no further/ farther information.
4. Where is the farthest/ furthest shop?
5. Do you know further/ farther details?
C:
1. She lives nearer/ nearest than you think.
2. The next/ nearest lesson starts in 10 minutes.
3. This is the nearest/ next way!
4. Peter lives next/ nearer door.
5. His shelf is next/ near- door.
6. I will be a student in the near/ nearest future.
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