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674.038.1
Ⱥɧɚɬɨɥɢɣ ɇɢɤɨɥɚɟɜɢɱ ɑɭɛɢɧɫɤɢɣ,
,
, SPIN9752-4460
[email protected]
Ⱥɥɟɤɫɚɧɞɪ Ⱥɥɟɤɫɟɟɜɢɱ Ɍɚɦɛɢ,
,
, SPIN2962-0864
[email protected]
ȿɝɨɪ Ƚɟɪɦɚɧɨɜɢɱ ɏɢɬɪɨɜ,
, SPIN-
4663-5944
[email protected]
ɘɪɢɣ Ⱥɥɟɤɫɚɧɞɪɨɜɢɱ ɒɢɦɤɟɜɢɱ,
[email protected]
ɋɟɪɝɟɣ Ɉɥɟɝɨɜɢɱ ɋɟɦɢɲɤɭɪ,
[email protected]
-
ɈȻɈɋɇɈȼȺɇɂȿ ɈȻɔȿɆɇɈȽɈ ȼɕɏɈȾȺ ɉɂɅɈɆȺɌȿɊɂȺɅɈȼ
ȾɅə ɄɅȿȿɇɕɏ ȾȿɊȿȼəɇɇɕɏ ɄɈɇɋɌɊɍɄɐɂɃ
ɇȺ ɈɋɇɈȼȿ ɎɂɁɂɑȿɋɄɂɏ ɋȼɈɃɋɌȼ ȾɊȿȼȿɋɂɇɕ
Ⱦɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ, ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɢ, ɜɥɚɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ,
ɢɧɧɨɜɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɵ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ, ɬɨɦɨɝɪɚɮɢɹ.
Wood science, the distribution of density, wood moisture content, innovative
methods of control, tomography.
ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ.
-
.
500
/ 3,
.
(
)
,
,
,
,
.
146
.
[1, 2].
,
[3],
.
.
,
.
,
.
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ.
(Pinus sylvestris),
.
,
(
. 1),
101025
,
. 2.
. 1.
147
. 2.
22
[1, 2]
-
[4, 5].
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɢɯ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ.
,
,
.
.3
(1), %:
,
W  45,0  63,8 R  120 R 2  7.30 R 3  (338 R 3  211R 2  33, 2 R 
 7, 49)
R–
 (688 R 3  685 R 2  33,8 R  8, 45)
;H–
2
(1)
,
.
. 3, ,
.
148
,
[2],
(2)
-
/ 3:
. 4,
w  531  348 R  1320 R 2  569 R3  (1480 R 3  737 R 2 
 629 R  68,8) H  (2180 R  1570 R 2  509 R  60,1) H 2 .
(2)
-
,
[4, 5].
,
. 5,
(3),
/ 3:
0  418  45,8 R  604 R 2  461R3  (36,7 R 3  390 R 2 
 568 R  58, 2)
 (412 R3  976 R 2  603R  58,8)
2
(3)
,
)
1
Ⱦɨɥɢ ɞɥɢɧɵ ɫɬɜɨɥɚ, ɇ
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
. 3.
, %:
–
[2]: 1 – 0–20; 2 – 20–40; 3 – 40–60;
4 – 60–80; 5 – 80–100; 6 – 100–120; 7 – 120–140; 8 – 140–160; 9 – 160–180;
–
-
149
)
)
1
0,9
Ⱦɨɥɢ ɞɥɢɧɵ ɫɬɜɨɥɚ, ɇ
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
. 4.
,
/ 3: –
[2]:
1 – 450-500; 2 – 500–550; 3 – 550–600; 4 – 600–650; 5 – 650–700; 6 – 700–750;
7 – 750–800; 8 – 800–850; 9 – 850–900; 10 – 900–950; –
(
,
)
1
Ⱦɨɥɢ ɞɥɢɧɵ ɫɬɜɨɥɚ, ɇ
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
. 5.
,
/ 3:
1 – 350–400; 2 – 400–450; 3 – 450–500; 4 – 500–550
150
(4) [1],
(5) (
(3)
12 % –
. 6),
0
;
0,946
12 
/ 3:
,
(4)
12  442  48,4 R  638 R 2  487 R3  1,06(36,7 R3  390 R 2 
 568R  58,2)
 1,06(412 R3  976 R 2  603R  58,8)
2
(5)
.
,
-
.
,
12 = 505
,
/
3
[1],
,
,
.
12 %-
,
400
600
,
-
,
/ 3,
.
1
0,9
Ⱦɨɥɢ ɞɥɢɧɵ ɫɬɜɨɥɚ, ɇ
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
. 6.
12 %-
,
/ 3:
1 – 400–450; 2 – 450–500; 3 – 500–550; 4 – 550–600
151
.7
,
500
,
/
3
,
-
. 6,
0,4R
.
. 7.
,%
ȼɵɜɨɞɵ
1.
,
:
2.
.
500
35 %
152
/ 3,
,
.
Ȼɢɛɥɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ
1.
4-
.
.:
2.
3.
. 2010.
4.
. .,
5.
. .
, 2007. 351 .
.И.
. .,
. .,
//
. 190. . 155–163.
,
,
.
.
. .
.:
.
-
, 1976. 160 .
-
-
,
. .,
. .,
.
//
. 2013. № 202. C. 158–168.
. .,
. .,
-
-
И. .
. .,
//
. 2013. № 203. C. 100–107.
-
-
-
,
.Э
-
,
.
,
.
500
/
3
,
-
.
***
Article is devoted to the justification of a quantitative yield of saw-timber, the
density of which meets the requirements for glued wooden structures. Experimentally
defined zone of a tree trunk with a certain density and moisture content.
Mathematically described the distribution of density and moisture content along
the length and radius of the trunk.
Identified a possible yield and location of saw-timber weighing more than 500 kg
of one m3 in the trunk of a tree.
153
1/--страниц
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