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ɍȾɄ 630*865*1
Ʌɟ ɑɭɧɝ ɏɢɟɭ, ɚɫɩɢɪɚɧɬ
[email protected]
ɋɚɧɤɬ-ɉɟɬɟɪɛɭɪɝɫɤɢɣ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ ɥɟɫɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ
ɊȺɋɑȿɌ ɈȻɔȿɆȺ ɉɊɈɂɁȼɈȾɋɌȼȺ ɂ ɂɋɉɈɅɖɁɈȼȺɇɂə
ɇɂɁɄɈɄȺɑȿɋɌȼȿɇɇɈɃ ȾɊȿȼȿɋɂɇɕ, ȾɊɈȼ ɂ ɈɌɏɈȾɈȼ
(ɧɚ ɩɪɢɦɟɪɟ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɢ ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦɚ)
ɇɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ, ɳɟɩɚ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ, ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɨɟ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨ, ɨɬɯɨɞɵ, ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ.
Low-quality wood, Wood chip, wood fuel, waste, real waste.
Ʌɟɫɨɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɹ ɥɟɫɧɨɝɨ ɫɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ. ɂɡ-ɡɚ ɧɢɡɤɨɝɨ ɭɪɨɜɧɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɧɨɰɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɨɝɨ ɫɵɪɶɹ ɜɨ ɦɧɨɝɢɯ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɨɬɪɚɫɥɹɯ ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɟɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɜɢɞɭ ɫɥɚɛɨɝɨ
ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɩɪɨɝɪɟɫɫɢɜɧɵɯ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɜ, ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɩɨɥɧɨɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɫɵɪɶɹ, ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɟɠɟɝɨɞɧɨ ɫɤɚɩɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɝɪɨɦɧɨɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ [2]. Ɂɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ
ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɧɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨ ɫɠɢɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɬɨɩɤɚɯ ɤɨɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɣ. Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɧɚ
ɤɪɭɩɧɵɯ ɥɟɫɨɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɹɯ, ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɟɬ ɜɵɜɨɡɢɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɨɬɜɚɥɵ ɡɚ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɵ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɣ, ɜɵɡɵɜɚɹ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɟ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɚɬɪɚɬɵ
ɬɪɭɞɚ ɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɧɚ ɢɯ ɭɬɢɥɢɡɚɰɢɸ. ɋɟɝɨɞɧɹ ɪɚɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɫɬɚɬɶ ɡɚɞɚɱɟɣ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɜɚɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɱɬɨ
ɢ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɬɟɦɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ.
ɐɟɥɶ, ɨɛɴɟɤɬ, ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ. ɐɟɥɶɸ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɝɧɨɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɞɪɨɜ ɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɥɟɫɨɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ
ɢ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɯ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ.
Ɉɛɴɟɤɬɨɦ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜɵɫɬɭɩɚɟɬ ɥɟɫɨɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɫɟɤɬɨɪ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ
ɢ ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦɚ.
Ɂɚɞɚɱɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ: ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ
ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ; ɪɚɫɱɟɬ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɞɪɨɜ
145
ɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ ɥɟɫɨɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚɯ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɢ ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦɚ; ɩɪɨɝɧɨɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɯ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ.
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɛɚɡɢɪɨɜɚɥɚɫɶ ɧɚ ɧɚɭɱɧɵɯ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɯ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɵɯ Ʌɟɧɢɧɝɪɚɞɫɤɨɣ ɥɟɫɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɚɤɚɞɟɦɢɟɣ, ɩɨ ɬɟɦɟ «ɂɡɭɱɟɧɢɟ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɧɢɡɤɨɫɨɪɬɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɢ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ ɥɟɫɧɨɣ, ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɟɣ ɢ ɰɟɥɥɸɥɨɡɧɨ-ɛɭɦɚɠɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɊɋɎɋɊ ɢ ɜɵɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɭɬɟɣ ɢɯ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ» [6].
ɋɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɦ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɦ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɟ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɬɢɩɵ:
– ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ;
– ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɥɢ ɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ;
– ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ.
ɉɨɞ ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚɦɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɜɫɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ
ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɩɨɥɭɱɚɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ.
ɗɬɨ ɬɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ ɝɨɬɨɜɨɣ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ
ɩɨɬɟɪɶ: ɭɫɭɲɤɚ ɢ ɭɩɪɟɫɫɨɜɤɚ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɪɚɫɩɵɥ ɢ ɬ. ɞ.
ɉɨɞ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɢɥɢ ɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚɦɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɡɚ ɦɢɧɭɫɨɦ ɩɨɬɟɪɶ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɰɢɢ, ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ. ɗɬɨ ɬɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɢɦɟɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɢ ɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɢɥɢ ɞɪɭɝɨɦ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ.
ɉɨɞ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɦɢ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚɦɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɸɬɫɹ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɡɚ ɦɢɧɭɫɨɦ ɬɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɜ ɫɢɥɭ ɧɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɰɟɧɬɪɚɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ ɭɞɚɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɧɚ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɩɭɧɤɬ
ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɣ ɢɯ ɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ. ɋɪɟɞɧɢɣ ɩɪɨɰɟɧɬ ɷɤɨɧɨɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɯ
ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ: ɩɨ ɤɭɫɤɨɜɵɦ ɨɬɯɨɞɚɦ (ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ
ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ ɢɯ ɩɟɪɟɜɨɡɤɢ) – 83–90 %, ɨɩɢɥɤɚɦ – 69 %, ɫɬɪɭɠɤɚɦ – 82 %. ɉɨ
ɜɫɟɦ ɜɢɞɚɦ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ (ɩɪɢ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɟ ɩɟɪɟɜɨɡɨɤ ɩɨ ɠɟɥɟɡɧɨɣ ɞɨɪɨɝɟ 500–
600 ɤɦ) – ɨɤɨɥɨ 78 % [1, 5, 6].
ȼ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɦɵ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ
ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɢɟ ɜ ɫɟɛɹ ɤɭɫɤɨɜɵɟ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ, ɨɩɢɥɤɢ, ɫɬɪɭɠɤɭ ɢ ɤɨɪɭ [4].
Ɉɛɴɟɦɵ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ ɞɟɪɟɜɨɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɮɨɪɦɭɥɟ
(ɬɵɫ. ɦ3):
Qɝ ɩ i ɇ ɪ ɫ i ɇ ɨɬɯ ij
(1)
,
Vɪ ɨ ij 
100
146
ɝɞɟ i – ɜɢɞ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ; j – ɜɢɞ ɨɬɯɨɞɚ; Vɪ ɨ ij – ɨɛɴɟɦ j-ɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ i-ɣ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3; Qɝ ɩ i – ɨɛɴɟɦ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ
i-ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3; ɇɪ ɫ i – ɧɨɪɦɚ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɚ ɫɵɪɶɹ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɭ i-ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3; Hɨɬɯ ij – ɧɨɪɦɚ j-ɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ
i-ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ, %.
Ɉɛɴɟɦ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɧɚ ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɤɚɯ (Vp o j) ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɢɡ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ (ɬɵɫ. ɦ3)
Qɜɵɜ ɇ ɨɬɯ j
Vɪ ɨ j 
,
(2)
100
ɝɞɟ Qɜɵɜ – ɨɛɴɟɦ ɜɵɜɨɡɤɢ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɡɚ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɵɣ ɝɨɞ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3; ɇɨɬɯ j –
ɧɨɪɦɚ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ j-ɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ, %.
Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜɟɞɟɬɫɹ ɢɫɯɨɞɹ ɢɡ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɝɥɚɜɧɟɣɲɢɯ ɜɢɞɨɜ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ, ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɢ ɰɟɥɥɸɥɨɡɧɨ-ɛɭɦɚɠɧɵɯ ɨɬɪɚɫɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ
ɜ 2011 ɝ. ɇɨɪɦɵ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɚ ɫɵɪɶɹ ɧɚ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɭ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ ɢ ɧɨɪɦɵ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɵ ɢɡ ɨɬɱɟɬɨɜ [5, 6] ɢ ɫɩɪɚɜɨɱɧɢɤɚ [1].
Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ. Ɂɚ ɛɚɡɨɜɵɣ ɩɪɢɧɹɬ 2011 ɝ., ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɨɛɴɟɦɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɥɟɫɨɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ ɜ ɷɬɨɦ ɝɨɞɭ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɫɚɦɵɟ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɟ ɬɟɦɩɵ
ɪɨɫɬɚ, ɞɚɥɟɟ ɨɛɴɟɦɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɥɢɫɶ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥ. 1–3.
Ɉɛɴɟɦɵ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɵɪɶɹ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ
ɫɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥ. 1, ɨɛɳɢɣ ɨɛɴɟɦ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɞɟɪɟɜɨɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɢɥ 18 216 ɬɵɫ. ɦ3, ɤɭɫɤɨɜɵɟ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ ɡɚɧɢɦɚɸɬ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɞɨɥɸ – 72,6 %, ɧɚ ɨɩɢɥɤɢ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ 13,5 % ɢ ɧɚ ɫɬɪɭɠɤɭ – 13,9 %.
Ɉɬɯɨɞɵ ɨɬ ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɨɤ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɵ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨ, ɫɦ. ɬɚɛɥ. 2, ɧɨɪɦɵ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɵ ɩɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɨɬɱɟɬɨɜ ɩɨ ɇɂɊ [5, 6].
Ⱦɥɹ ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦɚ ɛɵɥɚ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɚ ɬɚ ɠɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɱɬɨ ɢ ɞɥɹ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ.
Ʉ ɨɛɴɟɦɚɦ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɧɚ ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɤɚɯ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɨɛɴɟɦɵ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɵɪɶɹ ɢ ɞɪɨɜ ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɨɛɴɟɦɚ
ɞɪɨɜ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɯ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ.
ɂɡ ɬɚɛɥ. 2 ɜɢɞɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ, ɞɪɨɜɚ ɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ ɧɚ
ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɤɚɯ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɢɥɢ 84 968 ɬɵɫ. ɦ3, ɩɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ ɡɚɧɢɦɚɸɬ 30,2 %.
Ɋɚɫɱɟɬ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɞɪɨɜ ɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɨ
ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦɭ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɥɫɹ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɢɱɧɵɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɮɨɪɦɭɥɵ (1), (2), ɞɚɧɧɵɟ
ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥ. 2.
ȼ ɬɚɛɥ. 3 ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɵ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɞɪɨɜ ɢ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ: ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɳɟɩɵ,
ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ, ɞɥɹ ɝɢɞɪɨɥɢɡɚ ɢ ɷɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɤɢ.
147
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 1
Ɋɚɫɱɟɬ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɞɟɪɟɜɨɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɵɬɚɜɚɸɳɢɯ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜ (2011 ɝ.)
Ɉɛɴɟɦ ɩɪɨ- Ɉɛɴɟɦ Ɉɛɳɢɣ
ɨɛɴɟɦ
ɫɵɪɶɹ
ɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ
ɧɚ ɩɪɨɢɡ- ɨɬɯɨɝɨɬɨɜɨɣ
ȼɢɞ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ
ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ, ɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ Ƚɉ, ɞɨɜ,
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3 ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ
19177
30683
8284
Ʌɟɫɨɩɢɥɶɧɨ-ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɟɟ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ
Ʉɥɟɟɧɵɟ ɮɚɧɟɪɵ
2999
7498
2249
Ⱦɋɉ
6599
11548
4619
Ⱦȼɉ
2701
4727
1891
Ȼɭɦɚɝɚ
4637
24576
983
Ʉɚɪɬɨɧ
2961
4738
190
ɂɬɨɝɨ
83770
18216
ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦ
7048
11277
3045
Ʌɟɫɨɩɢɥɶɧɨ-ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɟɟ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
ɉɥɢɬɵ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
921
1612
645
Ȼɭɦɚɝɚ, ɬɵɫ. ɬ
950
5035
201
ɂɬɨɝɨ
17924
3891
ȼ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ
Ʉɨɪɚ,
ɤɭɫɤɨɨɩɢɥ- ɫɬɪɭɠ- ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
ɜɵɟ
ɤɢ
ɤɚ
ɨɬɯɨɞɵ
4556
2154 1574
3068
2174
75
–
4504 115
–
1843
47
–
123
123 737
24
24
142
13224 2538 2543
975
1056
614
2580
497
8790
1675
792
578
1128
629
25
2329
16
25
833
–
151
729
147
529
1804
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 2
Ɋɚɫɱɟɬ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɨɬ ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɨɤ (2011 ɝ.)
ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ
ɇɨɪɦɚ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, %
Ɉɛɴɟɦ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
3
Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ (Qɜɵɜɨɡ = 197,6 ɦɥɧ ɦ )
ɇɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟ30
59280
ɫɢɧɚ ɢ ɞɪɨɜɚ
25688
13
Ɉɬɯɨɞɵ
ȼ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ
13832
7
ɫɭɱɶɹ
9880
5
ɜɟɬɜɢ
1976
1
ɜɟɪɲɢɧɵ
ɂɬɨɝɨ
84968
148
Ɉɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ ɬɚɛɥ. 2
ɉɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɢ
ɇɨɪɦɚ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, %
Ɉɛɴɟɦ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
3
ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦ (Qɜɵɜɨɡ = 4692 ɬɵɫ. ɦ )
ɇɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟ30
1408
ɫɢɧɚ ɢ ɞɪɨɜɚ
Ɉɬɯɨɞɵ, ɜɫɟɝɨ:
13
610
ȼ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ
ɫɭɱɶɹ
7
328
ɜɟɬɜɢ
5
235
ɜɟɪɲɢɧɵ
1
47
ȼɫɟɝɨ
2018
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3
Ɉɛɴɟɦɵ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɢ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢɯ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ (2011 ɝ.)
ȼɢɞ
ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ
ɇɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ ɢ ɞɪɨɜɚ
ɋɭɱɶɹ
ȼɟɬɜɢ
ȼɟɪɲɢɧɵ
Ʉɭɫɤɨɜɵɟ
ɨɬɯɨɞɵ
Ɉɩɢɥɤɢ
ɋɬɪɭɠɤɚ
Ʉɨɪɚ
ɂɬɨɝɨ
ɇɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ ɢ ɞɪɨɜɚ
Ɉɛɴɟɦɵ
ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ,
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
59280
ɇɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɓɟɩɚ
ɓɟɩɚ
Ⱦɪɟɜɟɫɧɨɟ
ɞɥɹ ɐȻɉ
ɞɥɹ ɩɥɢɬ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ, %
ɞɨɜ, %
ɞɨɜ, %
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ
60 35568 20 11856 20 11856
30
30
30
20
Ƚɢɞɪɨɥɢɡ
ɢ ɷɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɤɚ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ, %
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
–
–
13832
9880
1976
13224
30
20
50
80
4150
1976
988
10579
4150
2964
593
2645
40
50
–
–
5533
4940
–
–
–
–
20
–
–
–
395
–
2538
2543
8790 *
112063
–
–
–
60
60
–
1523
1526
–
25377
40
–
–
1015
–
–
1410
1408
60
–
–
–
–
40
1017
–
–
–
53261
23224
ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦ
845
20
282
20
282
–
149
Ɉɤɨɧɱɚɧɢɟ ɬɚɛɥ. 3
ȼɢɞɚ
ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ
ɋɭɱɶɹ
ȼɟɬɜɢ
ȼɟɪɲɢɧɵ
Ʉɭɫɤɨɜɵɟ
ɨɬɯɨɞɵ
Ɉɩɢɥɤɢ
ɋɬɪɭɠɤɚ
Ʉɨɪɚ
ɂɬɨɝɨ
Ɉɛɴɟɦɵ
ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ,
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
328
235
47
2355
895
889
2374*
8531
ɇɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɓɟɩɚ
ɓɟɩɚ
Ⱦɪɟɜɟɫɧɨɟ
ɞɥɹ ɐȻɉ
ɞɥɹ ɩɥɢɬ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ, %
ɞɨɜ, %
ɞɨɜ, %
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
30
98
30
98
40
131
20
47
30
71
50
118
50
24
30
14
–
–
80
1884
20
471
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2898
–
40
–
–
356
–
1291
60
60
–
537
533
–
1601
Ƚɢɞɪɨɥɢɡ
ɢ ɷɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɤɚ
Ɉɛɴɟɦ
ɇɨɪɦɚ
ɨɬɯɨɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ,
ɞɨɜ, %
ɬɵɫ. ɦ3
–
–
–
–
20
9
–
–
40
–
–
358
–
–
367
ɉ ɪ ɢ ɦ ɟ ɱ ɚ ɧ ɢ ɟ . ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɪɵ ɧɟ ɜɩɢɫɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ɢ ɬɪɟɛɭɟɬ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ.
Ɉɛɳɢɣ ɨɛɴɟɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɣɫɤɨɣ Ɏɟɞɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɜ 2011 ɝ.
ɫɨɫɬɚɜɢɥ 112 063 ɬɵɫ. ɦ3, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ 84 968 ɬɵɫ. ɦ3 ɨɬ ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɨɤ
ɢ 27 095 ɬɵɫ. ɦ3 ɨɬ ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɟɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ. ɗɬɨ ɨɝɪɨɦɧɨɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɫɵɪɶɟ ɞɥɹ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ.
ȼɵɜɨɞɵ. Ɉɫɧɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ: ɳɟɩɚ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ Ⱦȼɉ, Ⱦɋɉ, ɐɋɉ
ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɥɸɥɨɡɧɨ-ɛɭɦɚɠɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ, ɝɢɞɪɨɥɢɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ
ɢ ɥɟɫɨɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ; ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜ ɝɢɞɪɨɥɢɡɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ ɢ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɬɢɤɟ; ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ ɢɥɢ ɫɵɪɶɹ ɞɥɹ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ [3].
ɇɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɩɟɪɩɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɦ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɵɪɶɹ ɢ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɳɟɩɵ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɥɸɥɨɡɧɨ-ɛɭɦɚɠɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ
ɩɥɢɬ. Ɍɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɳɟɩɚ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɵɦ ɜɢɞɨɦ
ɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ, ɜɵɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɟɦɨɣ ɢɡ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɧɚ ɜɫɟɯ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɹɬɢɹɯ, ɝɞɟ ɢɦɟɟɬɫɹ
ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɟɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ. Ɍɟɦ ɛɨɥɟɟ, ɱɬɨ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɧɟɣ
ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɢ ɡɚ ɪɭɛɟɠɨɦ ɪɚɫɬɟɬ ɫ ɤɚɠɞɵɦ ɝɨɞɨɦ, ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɰɟɥɥɸɥɨɡɧɨɛɭɦɚɠɧɨɦ ɢ ɩɥɢɬɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚɯ.
150
Ȼɨɥɶɲɨɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ. Ⱦɥɹ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɜɨɪɧɨɣ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɩɢɥɤɢ ɢ ɤɨɪɚ ɛɪɢɤɟɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ. ɉɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɛɪɢɤɟɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɯɨɞɢɬ ɛɟɡ ɫɜɹɡɭɸɳɢɯ ɞɨɛɚɜɨɤ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɵɦ ɢɥɢ ɝɨɪɹɱɢɦ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦ. Ɇɚɫɫɚ 1 ɦ3 ɯɜɨɣɧɵɯ ɫɭɯɢɯ ɨɩɢɥɨɤ – 150–200 ɤɝ,
ɚ ɛɪɢɤɟɬɨɜ – 800–1000 ɤɝ, ɤɚɥɨɪɢɣɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɭɯɢɯ ɛɪɢɤɟɬɨɜ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɜɵɲɟ
ɤɚɥɨɪɢɣɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɵɪɵɯ ɨɩɢɥɨɤ ɢ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɫɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɟ ɛɪɢɤɟɬɵ
ɞɚɸɬ 40 000 ɤɚɥ/ɤɝ. Ɋɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɛɪɢɤɟɬɨɜ ɨɛɵɱɧɨ ɧɟ ɩɪɟɜɵɲɚɸɬ 1607025–
30 ɦɦ, ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɶ – 0,35 ɝ/ɫɦ3, ɱɬɨ ɭɥɭɱɲɚɟɬ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬ
ɬɪɚɧɫɩɨɪɬɚɛɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ. Ɉɬɯɨɞɵ ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɛɪɢɤɟɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɥɭɱɲɟ ɝɨɪɹɬ, ɚ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɡɨɥɵ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɦɟɧɟɟ 1 %. ɉɨɥɭɱɚɟɦɚɹ ɩɪɢ
ɷɬɨɦ ɬɟɩɥɨɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ ɜ ɞɜɚ ɪɚɡɚ ɞɟɲɟɜɥɟ.
Ɉɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɝɢɞɪɨɥɢɡ, ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɪɹɞ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜ, ɢɦɟɸɳɢɯ ɧɟɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɧɵɣ ɫɛɵɬ ɜ ɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɦ ɯɨɡɹɣɫɬɜɟ ɫɬɪɚɧɵ. Ⱦɥɹ ɝɢɞɪɨɥɢɡɚ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦ ɦɹɝɤɢɟ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ ɩɪɟɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɯɜɨɣɧɵɯ ɩɨɪɨɞ.
Ɉɩɢɥɤɢ, ɜɟɪɲɢɧɚ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɸɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɝɢɞɪɨɥɢɡɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ. ȼ ɝɢɞɪɨɥɢɡɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɫɵɪɶɟɜɵɦɢ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɜ
Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɨɩɢɥɤɢ (38–40 %). ɂɡ 1 ɬ ɨɩɢɥɨɤ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ 185 ɥ ɷɬɢɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɩɢɪɬɚ, 44 ɤɝ ɤɨɪɦɨɜɵɯ ɛɟɥɤɨɜɵɯ ɞɪɨɠɠɟɣ, 5–6 ɤɝ ɮɭɪɮɭɪɨɥɚ, 70 ɤɝ ɠɢɞɤɨɣ ɭɝɥɟɤɢɫɥɨɬɵ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɰɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜ. ɉɪɢ ɩɢɪɨɥɢɡɟ (ɫɭɯɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɝɨɧɤɚ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɪɢ
ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ɛɟɡ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɚ ɤɢɫɥɨɪɨɞɚ) ɢɡ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɤɭɛɨɦɟɬɪɚ ɛɟɪɟɡɨɜɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ 100 ɤɝ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɨɝɨ ɭɝɥɹ, 20 ɥ ɭɤɫɭɫɧɨɣ ɤɢɫɥɨɬɵ, 5–6 ɥ ɦɟɬɢɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɩɢɪɬɚ ɢ 10–15 ɤɝ ɫɦɨɥɵ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɤɢɩɢɞɚɪɚ,
ɤɚɧɢɮɨɥɢ ɢ ɞɪ. Ɉɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɜɚɠɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɨɜ ɥɟɫɨɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɣ ɭɝɨɥɶ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɲɢɪɨɤɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ
ɜ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɨɬɪɚɫɥɹɯ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɯɨɡɹɣɫɬɜɚ.
Ȼɢɛɥɢɨɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ
1. Ʉɨɩɟɪɢɧ, Ɏ.ɂ. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ
ɥɟɫɨɡɚɝɨɬɨɜɨɤ [Ɍɟɤɫɬ] / Ɏ.ɂ. Ʉɨɩɟɪɢɧ. Ɇ.: Ʌɟɫɧ. ɩɪɨɦ-ɫɬɶ, 1970. 248 ɫ.
2. Ʌɨɛɨɜɢɤɨɜ, Ɍ.ɋ. ɗɤɨɧɨɦɢɤɚ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ
[Ɍɟɤɫɬ] / Ɍ.ɋ. Ʌɨɛɨɜɢɤɨɜ, Ⱥ.ɉ. ɉɟɬɪɨɜ. Ɇ.: Ʌɟɫɧ. ɩɪɨɦ-ɫɬɶ, 1976. 168 ɫ.
3. Ɇɢɯɚɣɥɨɜ, Ƚ.Ɇ. ɉɭɬɢ ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɨɝɨ
ɫɵɪɶɹ [Ɍɟɤɫɬ] / Ƚ.Ɇ. Ɇɢɯɚɣɥɨɜ. Ɇ.: Ʌɟɫɧ. ɩɪɨɦ-ɫɬɶ, 1988. 224 ɫ.
4. ɇɢɤɢɲɨɜ, ȼ.Ⱦ. Ʉɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɨɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ [Ɍɟɤɫɬ] / ȼ.Ⱦ. ɇɢɤɢɲɨɜ. Ɇ.: Ʌɟɫɧ. ɩɪɨɦ-ɫɬɶ, 1985. 264 ɫ.
151
5. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɥɟɫɨɫɟɱɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɢ ɞɪɨɜɹɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɸɳɢɯ ɧɚ ɧɢɠɧɢɟ ɫɤɥɚɞɵ ɥɟɫɩɪɨɦɯɨɡɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɳɟɩɭ [Ɍɟɤɫɬ] : ɨɬɱɟɬ ɩɨ ɧɚɭɱ.-ɢɫɫɥɟɞ. ɪɚɛɨɬɟ. Ɍ. 1. Ʌ., 1972.
6. ɂɡɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɧɢɡɤɨɫɨɪɬɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɢ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ ɥɟɫɧɨɣ, ɞɟɪɟɜɨɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɳɟɣ ɢ ɰɟɥɥɸɥɨɡɧɨ-ɛɭɦɚɠɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɊɋɎɋɊ
ɢ ɜɵɹɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɭɬɟɣ ɢɯ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ [Ɍɟɤɫɬ] : ɨɬɱɟɬ. Ɍ. 3. Ʌ., 1966.
7. ɉɚɬɹɤɢɧ, ȼ.ɂ. Ʌɟɫɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɹ [Ɍɟɤɫɬ]: ɭɱɟɛɧɢɤ ɞɥɹ ɫɬɭɞ. ɜɵɫɲ. ɭɱɟɛ.
ɡɚɜɟɞɟɧɢɣ / ȼ.ɂ. ɉɚɬɹɤɢɧ, ɗ.Ɉ. ɋɚɥɦɢɧɟɧ. Ɇ.: ɂɡɞ. ɰɟɧɬɪ «Ⱥɤɚɞɟɦɢɹ», 2006.
320 ɫ.
ɂɡɥɨɠɟɧɚ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɩɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧ ɪɚɫɱɟɬ ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɧɢɡɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɞɪɨɜ ɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ ɥɟɫɨɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚɯ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɢ ȼɶɟɬɧɚɦɚ. Ɋɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɥɢɫɶ ɨɛɴɟɦɵ
ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɢɯ: ɤɭɫɤɨɜɵɟ ɨɬɯɨɞɵ, ɨɩɢɥɤɢ,
ɫɬɪɭɠɤɭ ɢ ɤɨɪɭ. ȼ ɨɫɧɨɜɭ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɨɜ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɵ ɨɛɴɟɦɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɥɟɫɨɩɪɨɞɭɤɰɢɢ ɜ 2011 ɝ. ɢ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɵ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ. ɋɞɟɥɚɧ ɩɪɨɝɧɨɡ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɯ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɨɬɯɨɞɨɜ.
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The article presents method of determining the resources of wood waste, by
which the volume of low-quality wood, firewood, and waste in Russia's and Vietnam’s
forestry industries is calculated. The volumes of real resources of wood waste were
calculated, including: lump waste, sawdust, shavings and bark. In the basis of these
calculations there were placeds volume of wood products production in 2011, and
standards of industrial wastes. A prognosis of main directions for wood waste use was
made.
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