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Le gouvernement des quartiers populaires. Production
de l’espace et régulation politique dans les quartiers non
réglementaires de Dakar (Sénégal) et de Tunis (Tunisie)
Olivier Legros
To cite this version:
Olivier Legros. Le gouvernement des quartiers populaires. Production de l’espace et régulation politique dans les quartiers non réglementaires de Dakar (Sénégal) et de Tunis (Tunisie). Géographie.
Université François Rabelais - Tours, 2003. Français. �tel-00129096�
HAL Id: tel-00129096
https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00129096
Submitted on 5 Feb 2007
HAL is a multi-disciplinary open access
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Depuis 1996, l'option pour la régionalisation est devenue une réalité. Cette politique qui a pour principe fondamentale la
proximité et l'autonomie de gestion vient de terminer sa phase expérimentale de cinq ans coïncidant ainsi avec l'avènement de
l'alternance. Ces élections locales nous engagent plus que jamais nous de la CAP 21 conscient que le parachèvement de
l'altemance ne saurait être sans votre victoire du 12 mai 2002 Nous , Coalition à la base , aurons l'impérieux devoirs si vous
nous élisez de veiller au développement de notre cité par te biais des compétences qui nous serons transférées.
1.
COn1111Unlcatioli Un plan de communication adéquat en vue d'imprégner les populations et les organisations locales des
domaines de competences décentralisées , des budgets des programmes en cours et de la gestion de la commune. Les
décisions seront prises de manière transparente et rendues publiques.
Il.
La SANTE Les 9 % du budget seront affectes au volet socia pour que l'accès aux soins sot facilité. Les quartiers à grande
concentration devront être dotés de postes ou de centre de santé et de maternité avec I 'appui des partena!res au
développement qui ne demandent que l'apport en terrain Des programmes locaux de lutte contre le paludisiiie , le péril fécal , le
VIH SIDA seront mises en place ainsi que l'installation d'un centre conseil et d'accompagnement des personnes vivants avec le
VIH SIDA. Des mutuelles de santé seront encouragées
III.
J.tmF3tTA_l
. L E. ~t~I,>lç,~,~ .I NL .N,r Les zones inondées seront remblayées ou transformées en cuvette de rétention d 'eau en
attendant que des mesures de recasement soient parachevées Un programme intégré par la création de verger communal sera
arrêté pour faciliter la gestion des ordures( de la pré collecte à la vente du composte et de la récolte) Compte tenu de
l'enclavement de certains quartiers un système de ramassage des ordures sera encouragé par I utilisation des charrettes Des
voies de dégagement seront aussi aménagées avec les fonds de concours annuellement octroyées pour faciliter le
déplacement des personnes et des biens. En synergie avec le projet sectoriel eau. le PADELU etc , des branchements sociaux
seront facilités avec la collaboration des autorités locales( chefs de quartier). Avec la collaboration de la Gendarmerie et de la
Police, les comités de vigilance seront réorganisés dans chaque localité tout comme l'éclairage public (installation, extension et
réparation) participera à la lutte contre l'insécurité.
IV. l,'EDUCAtai~jV~E _I:_LA RMi~T10N Avec le programme décennal de l'éducation et de la fonnation(PDEF), des initiatives
allant dans le sens de recenser les besoins en infrastructures scolaires seront prises pour mieux relever le taux
d'analphabétisme A ce propos les mesures suivantes sont retenues La création d'écoles communautaires de base et de classes
d'alphabétisation.
356
[$#
La mise cri place d'un programme «une école• une salle d'ordiiiatcur> », pour l'initiation
aux t' uvelle> techniques de l'iiiforntatiun et rte la communication (N T I.C.). Lit fond d appui aux écoles privées le\ plus
performantes (résultats aux différents
examens et concours) Cieauun d'un tond d'appui aux bourses communales I- tnq l,uittiti.in dc; «cases des Tout Petits »
\M/LES SPORTS ET LO SIRS ariens i r le titIl)pcnirnt !municipal (.A D \1) scrn dalanta_c sttlficttce pour la
icbabüll,tnon titi (l)I PS la réalisation d'un complexe st?otttf et la coustiucttun d un stade municipal
T a»;+: 1.!T 1.'v, >tur,tr\ves et culturelles ci autres otean;sillions seront 1et.'uheremenl appuvees
en uwvvnls ' iie+iels ci tittanclers Une equtpe communale dans chaque tllscipiiue verra le
tour Le t,-Nul dan un s~stcmc adéquat et participatif de !gestion
CULTURE, 1--n deht'l> d: I existent:e tfes bibliothéqucs privee., qui du reste çen',n: rciilbrcccs. d'aunes
sclont.roc ,tlanN (il liefelites ecoles de la commit lie Les jeunes musiciens. i appeui s titi acteur -.
lit tlie:ive seront encuutaltes Des espaces d expiessum {fcte de la mtl:rque tèstival lie iheauei e; ce' t>vut I:t promotion
de leurs navres L'n ti-Na..t> ,I a;'plu a tocs Ces, croupes organisés set a pré. u
\ II',1,\ 1.1 l'l'RI•: CONTRIE(.A l L'yRf7E ET L:\ PRISE t•:\ (Il :OClA!,i•:
t41 ci)o ;eil Re est pré\'u iltlpies llu malte efl t ue (1 ,tltipiigter il.. »t,-,e d'alis l u teLlentent d,:; Irai ve; ci lit prise en charge des
personta•; tecs Rendu up~t:nlcimtel et \-istblc le' ttit:ds d appui :lit ,, lieux de culte, aux cerentontes sociales et aux
nccessacu\ Revaloriser ! es fends destines a la plontotion de la femme I a maison (le la femme détouritac pendant rfut atis
Je sa vocation primaire sera restituée aux femmes pour servir de cadre de :.anrnat,,,n Je retl 'oefl et d'échanges ou les
partenaires au développeraient les trouveront et Ic- ,ilrplncrl,nt dois leurs capacités techniques. ntatcrielles et
linancieres pour le euclupp, nirrn Ic> ictivltes génetatrices de IC\enttes Les marches de quartier 'etunt
Ciicoult1tC; e1 8:et,lilpaLlle>
\Iesdame< \iesdemutselles, Messieurs les électeurs de la Commune de
Yetmibeul \uni. nous sommes convaincus que le choix (le la liste SOIT AK CAP 21 le 12 usai 2Utr- pc,mcura aux éventuels
élus d'aider la population, d'apporter des changements profonds Cette equmpe. unis en tommes sirs, est co:nposec
d'hommes, de fenu„e' et jeunes
aveiir.. rompu: il lit liche, aux gantes et imaginations créateurs, disponibles et deternunes a
muvrrt pour le developpemeni de 't'cuinbeul Nutd
La coordination de la CAP 21.
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