close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

1231193

код для вставки
Etude de la production de neutrinos associés aux
Sursauts Gamma dans le modèle du Boulet de Canon.
Possibilité d’observation de ces neutrinos par le
détecteur Antares, et étude du bruit de fond optique
enregistré par le prototype d’un secteur de ligne
Sophie Ferry
To cite this version:
Sophie Ferry. Etude de la production de neutrinos associés aux Sursauts Gamma dans le modèle du
Boulet de Canon. Possibilité d’observation de ces neutrinos par le détecteur Antares, et étude du
bruit de fond optique enregistré par le prototype d’un secteur de ligne. Physique des Hautes Energies
- Expérience [hep-ex]. Université Louis Pasteur - Strasbourg I, 2004. Français. �tel-00120193�
HAL Id: tel-00120193
https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00120193
Submitted on 13 Dec 2006
HAL is a multi-disciplinary open access
archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from
teaching and research institutions in France or
abroad, or from public or private research centers.
L’archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est
destinée au dépôt et à la diffusion de documents
scientifiques de niveau recherche, publiés ou non,
émanant des établissements d’enseignement et de
recherche français ou étrangers, des laboratoires
publics ou privés.
&
'
(
!#"%$
)*(
+ ,.-/ 01/ 243 5-/ /6/ 37018:9%3;/ 2.9%/ + 9 <%=?>[email protected] / AB/ 2C3=?/EDFG01/ + 3;/ AG< , /GH:I:I:J
+ 8K9 , =MLN8:<%3;/ 2431>?8K2PO%9RQ ,1S O /TO /
UWVYXZ\[^]`_ba
[
c.d;egf`h ij[^_#kh Z [ l
mnVj]`hokqpsrGktZ[^]`_ua
[
vZ_#rwkxyVj]`_z
{ +|5-/ } > S =>3 ^
-/ ~4€.0>[email protected] /6O /50‚~ S:, 3;>}59 =/50
+ƒS„,†‡ˆŠ‰Š‹Œ
Ž’‘“‘’”
•P–˜— ™
Z]`a
[
a
[
c5r
k]`_#k\rG]ZkzžrGŸ
psVBk\khox`hocohZ`[ l
š`_VYa`]`XZh5Vjf
Ÿ
r
[
rwf`kuc5[
[
Ÿ
­¦ª*®
[^f`_[’zjhokŠZ_´[ l
š
™
a
vy¯`[†Z
rw_bc5[
[^]Z_#hof
[
a`]
[
Vjk›rGkkŠVYX‚h[’
l kurG]Rœ
¢£Vj]`c5[†Zua
X[^kuf
[†
l Z]`a
a`]
š`_VEZVEZµ¶šy[
coh5zjf
O /¸ S 2437= S } K
8 AjAB>0101>8K2OL¹/º S Aj/52^»
¼ / S 2½7/ €4¸ S / , 3;0
¿ =¸ S:, 8jÀ’/TÁ 9- ¾9 = S
À S 2%>?/5=Ã’>?Q:2 S 9 O
Ä  S 243 S =tÁ S }5} S
¼ 8K%2ÁTƽ‚9 <%< S:, O
¼ / S 2ÉÈ ¼ S }[email protected] /50 ¿ 9 </ , 3
f
VYa¡[^c5[
a¦d§Vjx`k\[^_i6r¨Zh5Vjf
a›[†
l Z\[^XZ\[^]`_ª¬«
VjšZho³P]
a
a
[’]Z_#hof
¤£rwf
Vjk©š
x`_°]`hZ±a
a¦d]`f
[
rG_qc5[
[
²KVjf`a
k\[^X·Z[^]`_ua
[B¥
~ ,.5-/ 0>?O / 2C3†O
Á S„+ + 8 , 3;/ 9 ,
Á S„+ + 8 , 3;/ 9 ,
À’> , /5} 3 , >}5/’O
Ç\º S AB>2 S 3;/ 9
Ç\º S AB>2 S 3;/ 9
VBf¦¥
9G¾9 , €/ 3 ,1S:+ + 8 , 31/59 , >?2C31/ , 2%/
/º.31/ , 2%/
/º.31/ , 2%/
/^31/5Å 0/
,
,
[
®u[^Ÿ
[^_#X7h5[^Ÿ
[^fZk
¼ / , /5Aj/ , 5
} >/GÀ S 2 >/5=Š½‚9 00ÃO > , /5} 13 /59 , O G
/ = S <Ã8 1, S ;3 8:> , / + 8:9 , 0 8K2 S }5} 9 /5>= S 901/5>2`O G
/ =ML Á/ { Æ
¼ / , / AB/ , }5>/ 5-/ Q S =?/5Aj/52C3 Ä  S 243 S = Á S 5
} } S A S %
O > , / } 3 , >?} /^O /^3;/ Å 01
/ + 8K9 , ¶
A L S ¸:8K> , 8/ , 7
3 = SG+ 8K0 È
10 >< >?=>3 †
-/ O / + ,.-/ ƒ
+ S:, / , }5/TO 8.} 318 ,;S 3oÆ
¼ L S O , /5001/EA S Q ,1S 3;> 3;9 O / S 9ɺAj/5AG< , /50‚O 9B¾9 , €318K9%3 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9
+ 8K9 , /52 S ¸:8K> ,+%, >?0#= ST+%,.5-/ 0>?O / 2 }5/73;8K9É3|/ 2 -/ 3 S 2C3 ,;S:+%+ 8 , 3;/ 9 , 4/ 3 +
Å , /5Aj/ , }5>?/ ,
+ /52 0 S < =?/ + 8:9 , = S¨,.-/ 5-/ } , >319 , /†O /†} /50 +ƒS QK/50 Æ ¼ /†31>?/52%06S¨
/ 3 ¿ =¸ S:, 8žÀ’/TÁ 9- ¾9 = S OL S ¸:8K> ,S } }5/ + 3 6
-/ OL/ 3 , / ,1S:+ + 8 , 31/59 , 05Æ
2%/ + / 2 0 -/ /^019 + + = 5-/ Aj/52C3 S > , /’/50§3·O /50§3;>2 5-/ / S 9PO%/ , 2%>?/ , }5>3 -/ + 8K9 ,
¾/T0 S =9 /^< >/52Y0 9 , ¿ , 2 8K2¶À S:, Æ
?= > / Å , / AB/ 2C3jS Å ¼ / S 2 ½7/ €4¸ S / , 3;0
8K9 ,°S ¸K8K> ,E-/ 3 O >?0§È
-/ 9 2%/ S >O />?2 %
2 8„3 S AjAB/ 2C3À S 2%?> /5=ƒÂ†>?QK2 S 9 O
018:2P018K9%31>?/ 2P/ 3018:2
S AB> 3;> 7
-/ /3
¼ / 018K9  S >31/ S O , /5010/ , 318K9%3;/|A S 01>?2%}:/ Å , / , / }58K2%2 S >?00 S 2%}5/wS Å À’>?} 0 S 2%[email protected] > }5/|3 ;, S ¸ S >=É2L S 9 ,1S >3
0 ¸É9 =/¾8K9 , Æ~t8K9 , =MLN>2C3 -/ , / 3†@.9%/G3;9 S 0 + 8 , 3 ¶
+ƒS ‚
-/ S Å Aj8K23 ,;S ¸ S >?=ƒ3 S“+ƒS 3;>?/ 2 }5/¶S Å ;3 8K9É3;/ -/ +%, /59ɸK/
/ 3 + 8K9 , } / 33;/>?2 } , 8 € S < =?/ +ƒS 0101>8K2žO /= S’+ C€.10 >@49 /‚@49 /·319 S 0019jAB/ S > , / + S:, 3 S QK/ , R/ , }5>\S Å 318K> Æ
2 Q ,1S 2 O¶AB/ , } > S Å ¼ / S É
2 È ~>/ 1, , /6Çƃ01/ 0†} 8K2 10 / ?> =0 S ¸.>?0 5-/ 07/ 370 S O >?0 + 8:2 ?> < >=?> 3 7
-/ ARL¹8K2C3 -/ 3 6
-/ OL¹9 2
Q ,1S 2 Ow0/5} 8K9 , 0 ÆR/ , } > + 8K9 , 3;8K2 S AB> 3;> -/ 53 S <Ã8:2 2 / 4
 9 Aj/59 , / 3\3;8:2G018K9É3;>?/ 2/ 3 + 8K9 , = S } 8K2 S 2%}5/
@49 /T3;9YARL S 0 S } }58 , O 5-/ /„Æ
¼ ž
/ ¸K/ 9ɺ 5-/ Q S =?/5Aj/52C3 ,
SB+ / , AB>0È / 3 + / , Aj/ 33 ,;S
+ = S 2 }  /„Æ
¼ /^2L¹8K9 < =>?/ ,;S > +ƒS 0  >/
05L S O , /5001/ -/ Q S =/5Aj/52C3GS Å ¿
/ AB/ , } >?/ ,  > / ,, € ~tÆ + K
8 9 , 0 8K2 S Aj>31> ¨
8 2 .
 9%AB8K9 ,
-/ / 3¨018K2 10 8K9%31>?/ 2Æ { K
È6S Å 018K2/52C3;8K9 ;, S QK/¨O /wQ :
8 9 ,;S QK/ S ¸K/ } S A S 2ÉÈ
S , O / , =/¨08K9 , > , /„Æ|8K2} K
,1, € { Æ /^08K9%3;>/52YO / Æ ‚/59É3 , >2 8 ,1S 2 }5/^A¶L S 3;8K9 }  5-/ /T/ 3 S >O 5-/ /„Æ Ä /5} >
2C3;8K> , / !Eƃ/ 3GS Å 9 }5> S 2 8" Æ
¼ / , /5Aj/ , }5>?/=ML -/ @49 > + /=?8.} S =?/\@49 /þ L S >K}8: 3;8 € 5-/ /$# + , / [email protected] /&%}  S @.9%/¾8K9 ,' ¼ / S 2ÉÈ( S 9 , /52C3)) S 9 , / 243
¿ , 2 S 9 =O+* ,.-/ O -/ , >?}ž/ 3wÀ’8 , > S 2 /,‚>}58K= S 0/3wÀ’>O >?/ , Æ ¼ /j0 S ?= 9 /ž3;8K9%06=/506AB/ AG< , 5
/ 06O /B= S 5
} 8K== S È
{
¼
<8 ,;S 31>?8K2.-0/,13254,6 7 3;8:9%3 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?> / Å , /5Aj/52C3
/ S 2ÉÈ ~>?/ ,1, /
} .9%=?=?/ , /3ž=?/50E31 5-/ 0 S:, O [email protected] G
/ ¾ LS >
8 243 ,.-/ 0O / + , / Å 0‚8:9¶O%/¨=8K>?2Æ
, / 2 }5:
¼ 7
/ Q :
/ 9 2 / + /52 0 5-/ /†0 +|5-/ } > S = / + 8K9 , AB/ 0 + :
¸ 8K> ,G-/ 3 -/ + ,.-/ 01/52C310
S , O S , / 24310 /3|Aj8K28 , / Å , /„ƶ/ , } >OL S :
O /TA¶L S ¸K:
8 > , 10 8:9%3;/ 2.9%/¨/3‚09 + + 8 , 3 5-/ "
/ #:9;%/ 37019 , ;3 8:9%37OL S ¸:8K> , S > 3·/52¶018 , 3;/TO / , 5
/ 031/ , 9 2 >05Æ
~ 8K9 , j
t
A 8K2PAB/ >?==?/59 , S Aj> { >2 S 2 ¾/^2L S > +ƒS 0·O /TAj8:3 + 8K9 , =/ , / AB/ , }5>/ , OL/ 3 , /^3;8:9%3·01>A + =?/È
Aj/52C37=§S Å Æ ÆÆ
Ç 3 + 9%>?0O S 2 0=?/ O 5-/ 08 , O , /¾/ , /5Aj/ , }5>?/ { 5
/ < 8 , >?0:~>?/ ,, / Ä  , >?0318 +  / S 249 / =<= S 2K~ S 9 <=
‚/ >?= ¼ / S 2 2%>?2 />* S <%?> /524À’>?O >/ , ¼ / S 2ÉÈ ¼ S }[email protected] / 0Ɇ>?8K= S >?2%/’ÆÆ Æ4/ 3|;3 8K9 0°}5/ 9ɺ“@.9%/#¾/7}38: 318K>?// 3|@49 /
¾ L¹8K9 < =>?/GÆ ÆÆ
&
! #" %$ '& ")(* + ( -,. 0/21 3 ( 4(65 7(98:5<;;=5
? @ ( 1 A ( B )CEDF")( ;
4I
KJ
‡
‹‡
‘
†‘
Œ
DKÆ D
DKÆ H
NJ
‘

‡ˆŠ‰
‹
Œ
¶Œ
‹
‡
Œ
G
Œ
HÉÆ D
NJ
HÉÆ H
HÉÆ
%Æ H
%Æ
H
J
7L
7L
M
O
H
PBU
Œ Œ K‡ˆŒ
¶Œ
‹ ‡
~ , >?2%}5> + /^O /TO -/ 3;/5}3;>8K2 ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƛH„J
HÉÆ DKÆD
2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2Y2 /59É3 , >2 8
Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƛH„J
HÉÆ DKÆ H
~ , 8 +ƒS Q S 3;>?8:2PO 9RAw9 8K2PÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƛH
HÉÆ DKÆ
/T< , 9 >3O / 8K2%ORÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƛH
/50 + , 8¾/ 3;0/ 2R} 8K9 , 07Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6Æ¨Æ KI
/T3 5-/ =/501} 8 + / -0/,13254,6 7±Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
HÉÆ %ÆD
À’/ 01} , > + 3;>?8:2
Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
Ä S =?>?< ,;S 31>?8K2/3 + 8K0>31>?8K2 2%/5Aj/52C3·O 9¶O -/ 31/5}3;/59 , Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6Æ¨Æ JCI
HÉÆ %Æ H
Ä S„,;S }3 -/ , >?0 S 3;>8K2PO 9¶AB>=?>?/ 9A S:, >2 ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6Æ¨Æ J D
HÉÆ %Æ
HÉÆ %ÆNJ
S =?>QK2 / ¬ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6Æ¨Æ J
HÉÆ %Æ
/ + , 8:3;8:3 € + /T=?>?Q:2 /’01/ } 31/59 , ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6Æ¨Æ J
HÉÆ %Æ
2C31/ , S }5/6Q ,;S:+  >[email protected] /^9%31>?=>?0 S 3;/59 , È°< S 0/6O%/6O%8K2 2 -/ /50Æ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6Æ¨Æ J4F
HÉÆ %Æ F
~t/ , 8 , A S 2 } /50 ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6Æ¨Æ J
KJ
NJ
NJ
NJ KJ
NJ
%L
NJ [L
NJ KM
NJ
U Q ( 4(65 7(98:5<;;=5 \ C A 4( ! S C (
J
^]
J
J
J
']
J
J
J NJ
Œ
%Æ D
H
RŒ
‹ ‡
ˆ‡
‡ ‡
‹Œ
Á7/ Q S:, O¶09 , =?/^} >?/5= ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
¿ 03 , 8K2 8:AB>/‚È ¿ + / , }59%>?0318 , >@49 /›Æ¨Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
DKÆ DKÆD
DKÆ DKÆ H
Á S €K8K2%07} 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0EƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱDKD
DKÆ DKÆ
>AB> 3 S 31>?8K2 0°O /T= L¹8K< 0/ , ¸ S 3;>?8:2 S 9ɺY S 9%3;/ 0 -/ 2 / , QK>?/ 0¦Æ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱD
/502 /59É3 , >2 8K0 Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱD
DKÆ HÉÆD
À -/ }58K9ɸK/ , 3;/6O /502 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0BÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱD
DKÆ HÉÆ H
/ 072%/59%3 , >?2%8K0O S 2 0=?/^Aj8.O/5Å =/’03 S 2 O S:, O
Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱD
¿ 0§3 , 8:2 8KAj>?/BS Å = L S >O /^O /‚/ 9%3 , >?2 8K0
ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱDF
DKÆ %ÆD
~ , 8ÉO 9%} 3;>8K2YO /T2 /59É3 , >2 8K0qÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱD
{ 8K9 , } /50 + 8„3;/52C31>?/5==?/ 0O /T2 /59É3 , >2 8K0
DKÆ %Æ H
Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƱD
NJ
NJ
P Q ( $ R C ( T( 5 S 1 A (
DKÆ
>
VL
WH
XJ
XJYL
XJYL
ZL
YM
YH
U
_LWJ
_LWJ
_LVL
_LWH
_LWH
XM
XMVJ
Œ
Œ
‡ Œ Œ
/50 { 9 , 0 S 9%310
S AjA S ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
%Æ DKÆD
½7>?0§3;8 , >[email protected] / ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
%Æ DKÆ H
~ , 8 + , > -/ 3 5-/ 08K< 0/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2%2 /5==?/50qÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
/50AB8.O/ Å =?/50·O%/
S AjA S Á S € 9 , 0310¦Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
%Æ HÉÆD
/ 07Aj8.O/5Å =/50·O / + , 8KQ 5-/ 2%>3;/ 9 , 0 Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
%Æ HÉÆ H
SE+ , 8ÉO 9%} 3;>8K2YO / ,;S €K8:2 0‚Q S ABA S 0 Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
/ ¶8ÉO/ Å =?/^O 9 8K9%=?/ 3O%/ Ä S 2 8K2
Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
D
KI
J NJ
XMYL
J NJ
XVM O
J NJ KJ
J NJ
VL
1 B 5<C C C C ( ;=53 C 5 A ( 5<( C ; S C 5< >
G
XO
XO
XO
KJ
XOVJ
XO
XO
XOYL
NJ
XO
NJ
XO
NJ
XOVO
NJ KJ
T]
XOVH
NJ
XH
XH
XH
XH
KL
XHVM
KL
XHVM
KL
XH
KL KJ
XH
; S C
? U
L
VJ
L
YL
L
YL
L
VM
L KJ
L
VO
L [L
VO
L KM
VH
L
L NJ
L NJ J
L NJ M
L NJ KJ
O
L
O
")5 C + (
?AP ?
M M
M
M
%Æ %ÆD
%Æ %Æ H
%Æ %Æ
%Æ %ÆNJ
R‡
‡
J ÆD
J ÆH
J Æ
J ƹJ
J Æ

ÉÆ D
ÉÆ H
ÉÆ
ÉƹJ
%Æ D
%Æ H
Ì
ŒPŒ
/T} S 2 2 8K24< S ==/ 37=/ , /50§3;/TO /6019 + / , 2 8 ¸ S
Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
L 5-/ Aj>?001>?8:2PQ S AjA S
Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
~ , 8ÉO 9%} 3;>8K2YO /T2 /59É3 , >2 8K0qÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƛFKH
À’>01} 9 010>?8K2Y019 , = SE+ , 8.O 9 }3;>?8:2PO /T2 /59%3 , >2 8K0TƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƛF
‹
‹˜‡
Œ
ˆ
‡
‹‡
tŒ
Œ
‹
‡
Œ
‡
Œ
Œ
/62%8K9%¸K/ S 9¶AB8.O/5Å =/^O /50} S 2 2 8K24< S =?=?0 Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ DKÆD
/T} S 2 2 8K24< S ==YƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ DKÆ H
S 019 + / , 2 8 ¸ S
ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ DKÆ
L -/ ¸:8K=?9%31>?8K2YO 9¶} S 2 2 8K24< S ==O S 2%07= S 019 + / , 2 8 ¸ S Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
2 / 8K2 /T>?2C3;/ , A 5-/ O > S > , /’/ 3 + =?9 0>?/59 , 0}  8.}50“Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ HÉÆD
S 58:2 /TO /T}  8É} Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ HÉÆ H
~=9 01>/59 , 0 8K2 / 07O%/6} %8É} 0uÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
{ >?Aw9 = S 31>?8K2%0 Æ6Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ %ÆD
/ 0 + S:,;S A¶/ Å 3 , / 0gÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ %Æ H
Ǹ:8K=?9%31>?8K2nS Š}  S @49 /
PƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ %Æ
~ , 8ÉO 9%} 3;>8K2YO 9 6Á Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ %ÆNJ
~ , 8ÉO 9%} 3;>8K2YO /502 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0BÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
~ S:,1S A -/ 3 , >?0 S 3;>8K2O / 0‚>2431/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 0YÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J ƹJ ÆD
2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2 0249 }5= 5-/ 8K2.È 249 }5= 5-/ 8K2 Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J ƹJ Æ H
¶9 =31> + =>?}5> 3 7
-/ O /50 + >8K2 0·}  S:, Q 5-/ 0 ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
Ä >?2 -/ A S 3;>[email protected] /†O 9R} S 2 2 8:2.< S =?=
Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
{
J Æ ÉÆD
ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
S 2 0 + / , 31/6OL -/ 2 / , QK>?/ +ƒS:,·+%, 8.O 9 } 31>?8K2YO /T2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0
¿
J Æ ÉÆ H
¸K/ } + / , 3;/TOL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/ + S:,·+ , 8.O 9 }3;>8K2YO /T2 /59%3 , >2 8K0
ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
J Æ ÉÆ
2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2 0249 }5= 5-/ 8K2.È 249 }5= 5-/ 8K2 Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ
KI
KI
%D
:J
:J
CF
CF
KI
CH
CH
:J
CF
CF
tŒ
‡ Œ Œ
Ä K
8 A +ƒS:,;S >?018:2PO /T= SG+ , 8ÉO 9%} 3;>8K2YO /T2 /59É3 , >2 8K0TÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoI
ǸK8K=9%3;>8K2PO /50 +ƒS:,1S AR/ Å 3 , /50/52 8K2 }3;>8K2PO 9Y3;/5A + 0
ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoI
ÉÆ HÉÆD
~ S:,;S AR/Å 3 , / 09%3;>=?>?0 5-/ 0 Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoI
ÉÆ HÉÆ H
À’/ 2 01> 3 ^
-/ O /T= S 8K2 /TO /T}  8.} ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoI
ÉÆ HÉÆ
* S }3;/ 9 , O / 8 , /52C3 6O%9R} S 2 2 8K24< S =?=/3‚O%/6= S 58K2%/¨O /T}  8.} ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoICF
ÉÆ HÉÆNJ
* S }3;/ 9 , O / 8 , / 243 O /= S 8K2 /O%/“}  8.}O S 2%0G=?/ ,.-/ -/ , / 2C3;>?/ = O 9y} S 2ÉÈ
2%8K24< S =?=
ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoI
ÉÆ HÉÆ
†>31/5010/TO /T= L¹8K2 O /^O /6}  8.} S ¸ S 2C3
ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoI
ÉÆ HÉÆ
Ç2 / , QK>/^AB8 €:/52 2 / + , 8ÉO 9%>3;/^/ 2R2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0yÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷDoI
ÉÆ HÉÆ F
Ç2 / , QK>/’3;8:3 S =?/ +%, 8.O 9 >31/^/52¶2 /59É3 , >2 8K0
ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD:DKD
{ } S 2RO / 0 +ƒS:,;S AR/Å 3 , / 0
ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD:DKD
ÉÆ %ÆD
2 ƒ9 /52%}5/6O /
Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD:D
ÉÆ %Æ H
2 ƒ9 /52%}5/6O /^3;8K9 0=/50 +ƒS:,1S AR/Å 3 , /50·OL¹>?2 > 3;> S =?>0 S 31>?8K2
Æ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD:D
{ 5-/ =?/ } 31>?8K2YOL¹9 2¶}5/ , 3 S >2Y2 8KAG< , /TOLN/ 2 01/ AG< =/6O%/ + S:,;S A¶/ Å 3 , / 0
ÉÆ %Æ
Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD:D
*\=?9.ºPO /T2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0 ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD:D
Œ
’< 01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2YO /T019 , 0 S 9É3;07/52¶}58 ,,.5-/ = S 3;>8K2 S ¸K/ } -0/,1>2 4,6 7`ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ DKÆD
Á 5-/ O%9 } 31>?8K2YO 9¶< , 9%>3O / 8K2 O
Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ DKÆ H
~ , 8K< S < >=?> 3 †
Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
-/ O%/6O -/ 3;/ } 31>?8K2
{ >?Aw9 = S 31?> 8K2%0 Æ6Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
H
HÉD
HKH
H„J
H„J
M
M
]
%Æ HÉÆD
5-/ 2 -/ ,;S 3;>?8:2
Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ HÉÆ H
~ , 8 +ƒS Q S 3;>?8:2PO /507AG9 8K2%0EƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ HÉÆ
Á/5} 8K2 0§3 , 9%} 3;>8K2
Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ HÉÆNJ
Ç\ºÉ/5A + =/ ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
{ 9 , S }5/T/ Ã/5}3;> ¸K/´Æ¨ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
Á -/ 019 = 3 S 310 Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%ƹJ ÆD
À -/ + / 2 O S 2%}5/ S 2 QK9 = S > , /
ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%ƹJ Æ H
À -/ + / 2 O S 2%}5/6O /50 +ƒS:,1S AR/ Å 3 , /50bÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%ƹJ Æ
~ , 8K< S < =>3 ’
-/ O /TO -/ 31/5}3;>?8:2RO S 2 0 -"/,132 4,6 7 Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
À’>?0}59 001>?8:2 ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ ÉÆD
>AB> 3 S 31>?8K2 0 Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ ÉÆ H
¶8ÉO/ Å =?/^O /T= S |8K9 =?/^O%/ *ƒ/ 9 ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ ÉÆ
Á 5-/ 09 =3 S 3;0·O%/50 S 9%3 , /50·3 -/ =?/ 01}58 + / 0†ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
M KJ
M
%Æ
%ƹJ
M
M
M KJ
M KL
M KL
M KL KJ
@ ^! " %$ & Q 5 C A A D
> Q 5 C ; ( \ C 5 C ( A A M KL
%Æ


NJ

‘
%Æ D
%Æ H
%Æ
O
%ƹJ
O KL
%Æ

‹
Œ
Œ
Œ
-0/,1>2 4,6 7
H
J
H
%D
CH
CH
CH
:J
J
J
J
J
JVM
JVM
JVO
JVH
? ?
? ZL
YO
L
L
L
L
L
LWJ
L
? B
LVL
LVL
L
LWO
LWH
M
M
MVJ
MVM
MVO
MVH
WJ
VL
WO
WH
OVM
OVM
OVM
‹‡
‹ Œ KŒ KŒYŒ
‹
Œ
Œ
Œ
¿ } 3;>¸.> 3 ^
Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD5J
-/ < >8K=?9 Aj>?2%/501} /52C3;/†O /50 8K2 O 0A S:, >2 0
Ç3;9 O / 0‚O%/60>31/50»ƒ=/^< , 9 > 3O / 8K2 OY8 + 31>[email protected] /¬Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD5J
S =>?QK2%/’01/ } 3;/ 9 , ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD :I
FÉÆ %ÆD
À’/ 01} , > + 3;>?8:2PO 9 +%, 8:318:3 € + /PÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD :I
FÉÆ %Æ H
~ , >?01/TO /TO 8:2 2 5-/ / 0
ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD ÉD
{
FÉÆ %Æ
3 , 9%} 3;9 , /TO /507O 8K2%2 5-/ / 0
ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD ÉD
FÉÆ %ÆNJ
/ 0 +%, 8K< = /5Å Aj/50 , /52 } 8K2C3 ,.-/ 0 S ¸K/ }¨= S =?>QK2 /’0/5} 31/59 , ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD KH
FÉÆ %Æ
S Aj>?2 > È =?>QK2 />?2%03 , 9 Aj/52C3 -/ / ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
FÉÆ %Æ
/^3;/ 036DKÆ DF*Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD „J
NJ
NJ
NJ KJ
NJ
NJ [L
NJ KM
O
O
O
O KJ
O
O
O
O KJ
O
O [L
O KM
O NJ
O NJ
O NJ

HKF
M
M NJ
FÉÆ D
F ÆH
É
FÉÆ
VL
WO
WH
H
-, tŒ
Š‹ tŒ ‡
‡ˆ ‹ tŒ
Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
\S 9ɺYO /T}58:A + 3 S QK/
Ä
%Æ DKÆD
/ 0
Á$
ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ DKÆ H
/ 0$ I Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ DKÆ
IE/52 8K2 }3;>8K2YO /50 Ä Á$
Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
>?QK2 /^O%/6< S 01/T/ 33 S 9ɺYO /T< 9 , 0310*Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ HÉÆD
-/ 3;%8ÉO /TO /T} S =?} 9 =
Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ HÉÆ H
>QK2 /^O /T< S 0/©Æ¨Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ HÉÆ
ŠS 9ɺPO /T< 9 , 0§3;0 Æ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
Ä 8 ,1,.-/ = S 31>?8K2P=>?QK2%/’O /T< S 0/^È#3 S 9ɺYO%/6<%9 , 0§3;0ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ HÉÆNJ
%Æ HÉÆ
2 >8 , Aj>3 ‚
Æ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
-/ O /507=?>QK2 / 0O /T< S 0/6/33 S 9ɺPO /T< 9 , 0§3;0
Ä
%Æ HÉÆ
8 ,1,.-/ = S 31>?8K2 S ¸:/5}6=?/^}58:9 ,;S 2C3¨Æ¨Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
Ä 8 ,1,.5-/ = S 3;>8K2 0/ 243 , /6AB8.O 9 =/508 + 3;>@.9%/50“Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ %ÆD
À’>03 , >?<%9%3;>8K2 0
ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
Ä
%Æ %Æ H
8./ j} >?/52C3^O%/G}58 ,,.-/ = S 31>?8K2R/52 8K2 }3;>8K2O /w= S O%>?03 S 2 } /G/52C3 , /EAB8.O 9 =/50
8 + 3;>@.9%/50 ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
~ -/ , >8ÉO%>?}5> 3 ¶
-/ ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%ƹJ ÆD
½ S 9%31/50 ,.-/ @.9%/52 } /50žÆ¨Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%ƹJ Æ H
S 010/50 ,.5-/ @49 / 2 }5/ 0 ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
~>?}50O /T< >8K=?9%AB>2 /50}5/52%}5/
ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ ÉÆD
À -/ ƒ2 > 3;>?8:2
ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ ÉÆ H
-/ 3;%8ÉO /TOL¹/º.3 ,;S }3;>?8:2RO / 0 + >?} 0sÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD
O
O
O KL
O KL
J
KF
KI
%D
FKH
F
F
F
F
FKF
O KL KJ
O KL
C ( " $ 75<( 4;=5 Q \" ; 5 (
¨‡
VH J
? GBG
P ?
‹˜‡
‡
‹‡
tŒ
‡ Œ Œ
ˆtˆ ‡ ‹
‹‡
S + + / =?0·09 , =?/503 ,;S 2%0 8 , A S 31>?8K2%0O /8 , / 243 Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I%D
„
Æ DKÆ D
Ç2 / , QK>/†È A + 9 =?0>?8K2 Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I%D
Æ DKÆ H
À’>03 S 2 }5/ 0
ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„ICH
Æ DKÆ
Ç Ã/ 3‚À’8 + + =?/ , /37À 5-/ } S = S Q:/^0 + /5} 3 ,;S =Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„ICH
S O > S 31>?8K2“OLN9%2 /T018K9 , }5/PS Å O >?0§3 S 2 } /T}58K0AB8K=8KQK>@.9%/¬Æ¨Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I
Æ HÉÆ D
À’>03 S 2 }5/^O%/ 9 Aj>?2%8K01> 3 6
-/ ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I
Æ HÉÆ H
*Š=?9 / 2 }5/
ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I
+ +%, 8oºÉ>?A S 3;>8K2 0´Æ¨ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I:J
S:,1S AR/ Å 3 , /509%31>?=?>0 -/ 0 + 8K9 ,S ¾9 031/ , =?/ 07O%8K2 2 -/ /507O /50 6Á :I%DH 6Á :I:J4H
3 TÁ$ KICFÉD HjÆ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I
= S 001>ƒ} S 31>?8K2PO%/50 { 9 + / , 2 8 ¸ S /
ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH„I
¿ Æ DWÁ
¿
¿
¿
NJ
¿ Æ H¬Á
¿
¿
¿ Æ
¿
NJ
¿ ƹJ
] #HVH WJ ] #HVO VL
VJ
VJ
VJ
] VH H
YL
KL
VM
( D C ( 5 45 ( ( D 5< 5<C C D B 5 75< ; R S R ,. P>
P ?3U
C ( R C (
J
J
KJ
@ 1 ( :C ( 5 ; 5 P? >
C ; ( P? G
H
KJ
WJ
KJ
WJ
KJ
WM
~
/
¿ Æ
Ä
Ž·‹
Œ
Œ ‡
Œ
ˆ
 ‡
Ä ÆD
Ä ÆH
Ä Æ
R‡

H
*ƒ8 , AB/†O /50 + >?} 0
Æ Æ¨Æ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨƷD CH
6
Ä 8 1, ,.-/ = S 31>?8K2%0/52C3 , /¨= /50·Q ,1S 2 O / 9 , 07} S„,;S }3 -/ , >?0 S 2C3= S 8 , Aj/’O / 0 + >?}50YÆ6ƨƷD
%Æ ÉÆ
%Æ ÉÆNJ
‹˜‡
Ç·ÆD
Ç·Æ H
Ç·Æ
‹‡
tŒ
Œ
‹
‹
Œ
‡
Œ
‡
‹‡
Œ
Œ
‹‡
tŒ
Œ ‡‹ Œ
S >010 S 2 }5/TO / 0 -/ 3;8K>=?/ 0qƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH.D
’>/^O /50 -/ 318K>?=/50PÆ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH.D
S 2RO / 0 -/ 3;8K>=?/ 0
ÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH.DoJ
Œ
tŒ
K‡
ˆ
Œ
‹ Œ KŒ KŒ
>?QK2 /^O%/ S 01/T/ 3 ŠS 9ɺYO%/ |9 , 0§3;0
ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH.D
Ä 8 ,1,.5-/ = S 3;>8K2
Æ6Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH:H:I
~ -/ , >8ÉO%>?}5> 3 ¶
-/ ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆTÆ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH:H
Ç·Æ %Æ D
Ç}  S 2431>?==?8K2 2 S QK/’09 , D¨ / 9 , /
Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH:H
Ç·Æ %Æ H
Ç}  S 2431>?==?8K2 2 S QK/’09 , H:IEAB>2
Æ6ÆTƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ÆTƨÆ6ƨÆ6Æ6ƨÆ6ƨưH:H
J
= !#" $%&(')" *+",.-,,/0"12)34657.,
S 3; -/ A S 31>[email protected] /¨O 9
+ , 8¾/ 3 -0/+132 4,6 7 #
%Š0/ 3 , 8K9%¸K/wS Å = S , 8K2C3;> / Å , /|/52C3 , / + =?9 0>?/ 9 , 0O%8KA S >?2 / 0\O /= S‚+ C€.01>@49 /»
= S‚+ C€É0>[email protected] /·O / 0 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ 0= L S 03 , 8K2%8KAB>/#/ 3= S }58K0AB8:=?8KQK>/:Æ Ä / 33;/ 31 5-/ A S 31>[email protected] /@49 > + , / 2 O + 8K9 ,
2 8KA
+ C€.01>@.9%/†O / 0 S 0§3 , 8 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ 0 C}  / , }  /BS Å 8K< 0/ , ¸:/ , =?/ 0 +  5-/ 2 8:AR/ Å 2 /50 S 03 , 8 + C€.01>@49 /50|/52
/5A + , 9 2C3 S 2C3T=?/ 0†3;/ }  2 >@.9%/50TO /E= SB+ C€É0>[email protected] /žO / 0 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 05ÆÇ2 +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =>?/ , S Å  S 9É3;/ 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/
}5/ 0|31/5}  2 >@49 /50|018K2C3|9%3;>=?>?0 5-/ / 0 + 8K9 , 0>?QK2 / , =/ +ƒS 00 S QK/‚O / ,;S €K8K2%0
8K9
CO / ,;S €:8K2 0 } 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0
8K9B/52 } 8 , /7OL¹8K2 O / 0 Q ,1S ¸.> 3 S 31>?8K2 2%/5=?=/50 ÆCÀ’/ + =?9 0°/52 + =?9%04= S }58:01Aj8K=?8KQ:>?/·Aj/ 3°/52^¾/59“= S6+ 4€.0>[email protected] /
O / 0 +ƒS„, 3;>}59 =/50#/ 3°} 8K2C3 , >< 9 /GS Å = S }58K2C3 ,;S >2 O , /„Æ4Ç2“/ Ã/ 3C= L 2 > ¸K/ , 0 + / 9%3$/ 3 , /‚} 8K2 0>?O -/ ,.
-/ }58KAjAj/
9 2¶= S <8 ,1S 3;8K> , /‚8 Å9 , /5Å Q:2 /52C3‚O /50}58:2 O >31>?8K2%0·/º.3 , /5 Aj/507> ,1,.-/ S =>?0 S < =?/ 0 09 , / ,1, /„Æ
À S 2 0j}5/¶2 8K9ɸK/ S 9 O 8KA S >?2%/=/¶2%/59%3 , >?2%8 + , /52 O¡9 2 /¶<Ã8K2%2 / + = S } / #}  S:+ > 3 , / D % Æ { S 2 S 3;9 , /
S >< =?/ AB/ 243>?2C3;/ ,;S QK>010 S 2C3;/C0 S 2%/59%3 ,;S =>3 -/ / 3°0 S 03 S < >?=>3 
-/ 8K9%¸ , / 2C3|O%/‚2 8:9%¸K/ =?=?/ 0 + / , 0 + /5}3;> ¸K/50 Æ =
2L¹/50§3 +ƒS 0|/ºÉ}5=94}58KAjAj/‚=8 , 0#O / 0 + , /5Aj> / Å , /50°8K< 0/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2%0|O / 0 ,1S €:8K2 2 / AB/ 2C3;0 s8K9
4O /$ S > , /
O /¨2 8K9%¸:/5=?=/507O 5-/ } 8K9%¸:/ , 31/50 ÆÇ2 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?>/ , = S O -/ 31/5}3;>?8:2 O /w2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0‚/ 2 + , 8¸:/52 S 2 }5/GO%/¾/ 310
S 0§3 , 8 + C€É0>[email protected] / 0·01/ ,1S >3|9 2 /‚>?2 O%>?} S 3;>?8:2j} 8K2C¸ S >?2 } S 2C3;/‚/52 S ¸K/ 9 , OL¹9 2Aj8.O/5Å =/7O%/#¾/ 310 } 8K2 031>319 -/
O /j S O , 8K2 0"#˜Aj8.O/5Å =/E S O , 8K2 >[email protected] /)% + =?9%3 8: [email protected] /jOLN9%2yAj8ÉO/ Å =?/ -/ =?/5}3 , 8KA S QK2 -/ 31>[email protected] /EO S 2 0¨=/[email protected] / =
}5/ 0 + S:, 31>?}59%=?/50·0/ ,1S >?/ 243 S <%01/52C31/505Æ
~=?9 0>?/ 9 , 0¨O -/ 31/5} 31/59 , 0žO /“2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0¨È S 9%0101> S:+ + /5= 5-/ 0¨3 5-/ =/501} 8 + /50RS Å 2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0Š} S:, >?=?06018:243G/52
Aj/5019 , /`O /`=8É} S =?>01/ , = S 018K9 , }5/ Ȟ08K2C3nS Å = L¹ /59 , / S } 319 /5==?/R/52 8K2 }3;>?8:2 2 /5Aj/52C3P8:9 / 2 }58K9 , 0
O / ,.-/ S =>?0 S 3;>?8:2 #˜}  S:+ >3 , / H%Æ-0/,13254,6 7`/50§3Y= L¹9 2 O /`}5/ 0PO -/ 31/5}3;/59 , 05Æ =‚01/ ,1S + = S } -/ /52 R/ ,
-/ O >31/ ,1,1S 2 -/ /ÅS JCI .A S 9j= S:, Q:/·O / 8K9%=?8K2ž/ 3^S Å H :I:ITA O / + , 88:2 O /59 , Æ =ƒ05L S QK> 3#OL¹9 2 ,.5-/ 0/ S 9
3 , >?O >AB/ 2 01>8K2 2 / = O / +  8„3;8KAG9%=3;> + =?>} S 31/59 , [email protected]%>\O -/ 3;/5}3;/ 2436= S =?9%AB> / Å , / Ä / , /52 „8¸ + , 8.O 9 > 3;/¨=?8 , 0
O /|= S+ , 8 + S Q S 31>?8K2TO / 0\AG9 8:2 0Š>0109 0\O /|= L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>8K2TO / 2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0 S 9.º S =?/ 24318K9 , 0ŠO 9wO -/ 31/5} 31/59 , Æ
À’>¸:/ , 01/50 -/ 319 O / 0‚0/ , 8:243 + 8K010>?< =/50 S ¸K/ }¨=/’3 -/ =?/50}58 + / -"/,132 4,6 7»
" 08.0!" 092*;:=<?>@"A2,-,
CB
ED
GF IH
JF IH
VL
M
LK
= S O -/ 3;/5}3;>8K2 O /¨018K9 , 5
} / 0 + K
8 2%} 3;9%/5=?=/50 5-/ Aj/ 313 , >}5/507O /G2%/59%3 , >?2%8K001> 3;9 -/ /50BS Å O%/50’O >03 S 2 }5/ 0
Q S = S };3 >[email protected] / 0·8K9Y/º.3 ,1S È Q S = S };3 >@.9%/50 '
M
=ML -/ 3;9 O /^O%/50 ƒ9ɺPO > Ã9 ·
0 O /^2 / 9%3 , ?> 2 8:0·}58K0AB>@.9%/50·}58:2 031>3;9 ^
-/ O /^= L¹/52 0/5AG<%=?/^O / 0
2 / 9%3 , ?> 2 >@49 /50O /TO > -/ , 5
/ 2C31/507018K9 , 5
} / 0 '
M
-/ AB>010>?8K2 0
= Sw, / }  / , }  /TO /’= S A S 31> / Å , †
/ 2%8K> , / ƒ
/ 2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0>?0019 0·O%/’= L S 2 2 > ?> = S ;3 >8K2
+ S:, = S O -/ 3;/ } 13 >?8K2YO ’
O /^2%/59%3 ,;S =>?2 8K0 + > -/ Q 5-/ 0·Q ;, S .
¸ >3 S 3;>?8:2 2 /5==?/ AB/ 243|O S 2%0·=?/ { 8:=?/5>=<4= S / ,, /^8K9Y=/’}5/ 243 , /TO ^
/ =S
S = S º%>/:Æ
]
Ç2 ƒ
+ S:,1S ?= = /5Å =?/3-"/,132 4,6 7 + 8K9 ,,;S } 8K2C3 , >< 9 / , S Å = S }58KA + ,.-/  /52%01>?8:2PO /50·Aj>?=>?/59.ºž018K9%0§È A S:, >?2 0|O /
Q ,1S 2 O / + , 88K2 O / 9 , Æ
=:/ºÉ>?0§3;/O /#2 8KAw< , / 9 01/ 0t08K9 , }5/50 S 0§3 , 8 + C€.01>[email protected] / 0Š@49 >o01/ =?8K2^=/50Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/ 0 + 8K9 ,1,;S >?/52C3 -/ AB/313 , /
O / 0°2%/59%3 , >?2%8K05Æ/ 0°09 , 0 S 9%310°Q S ABA S 08K2C3#O /50#018:9 , } /50 + , 8KAj/ 33;/ 9 01/ 0°O%/·}5/ + 8:>?2C3O /·¸.9 /#˜}  S È
%Æ Ä /T018K2C37O / 0 -/ ¸ -/ 2 /5Aj/52C310‚¸.>?8K=/52C3;0·O 5-/ }58:9%¸K/ , 3;0žS Å = S ƒ2¶O /50 S 2 2 5-/ /50 KIƒ@49 > -/ AB/3131/52C3
+ >3 , /
O / 0 +  8:3;8:2 0O S 2 0#=/O 8KA S >?2%/ Q S AjA S #
I D ¶/ Â% + /52 O S 2C3#9 2 /}58K9 , 3;/·O%9 ,.-/ / #@49 /[email protected]%/50
01/ }58K2%O /50 %Æ =0Š08K2C3Q -/ 2 -/ ,1S =?/ AB/ 243Š019%>¸.>?0ŠOLN9%2 / -/ AB>0101>8K2 + =?9 0Š=?8K2%QK9 / # ¾9 0@.9LS†
Å + =?9 0>?/59 , 0 ¾8K9 , 0 %
O S 2%07=/50O 8KA S >2 /50
/3‚8 + 3;>@.9%/ = Sž,.5-/ A S 2 / 2 }5/„Æ
~=?9 0>?/ 9 , 0RAB8.O/5Å =/50 + / , Aj/ 33;/ 243O / , / + , 8ÉO%9 > , / =/50 + , 8 +%, > -/ 3 -/ 0O / 0019 , 0 S 9%3;0 Q S ABA S Æ L¹9 2
OL¹/59ɺ =/ R8.O/5Å =/O 9 8K9 =/ 3EO%/ Ä S 2 8K2\O -/ ¸:/5=?8 + +|-/ +ƒS:, ¿ ÆÀ S:, /3 ¿ ÆÀ’/Á 9- ¾9 = S + ,.-/ ¸K8K> 3
2 S 319 , / =?=/5Aj/52C3#9 2 / 5-/ Aj>?010>?8K2EO%/‚2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:05Æ3/7Aj8.O/5Å =/ S 01018.}5>/=?/ +  -/ 2 8KAR/5Å 2 /7O /50°019 + / , 2 8 ¸ S /
2 / -/ 3;8K>=?/PA S 010>¸:/¶/ 2 ƒ2 O /Y¸.>?/P¸K8K> 3j018K2¦}58./59 , 05L¹/ Ã8K2 O , / , #
S 9ɺ 09 , 0 S 9%310BQ S ABA S Æ
&% + 9 >?0601/ 0w}58:9 }  /50w/º.3;/ , 2 / 0 / 3 , / -/ ¾/5}3 5-/ / 05Æ
2 / +ƒS:, 3;>?/žO /j}5/3131/“A S 3;> / Å , /
%J
NPORQ TS
M
JF
-,**U /0."R $./0" &8
L
,-,"
-/ ¾/ } 3 5-/ / , / 13 8KAG</‚09 , =MLN8:<.¾/ 3°}58:A +ƒS } 3|}5/52C3 ,;S =C/ 3 8 , Aj/9 2“O >[email protected] /‚OL S }5} ,.-/ 31>?8K2Æ4À’/ 0¾/3;0 + / , È
+ /52 O > }59 = S > , /50 S 9 + = S 2PO 9¶O >?0@49 //º + 9%=?01/ 2C3‚O%/6= S A S 31> / Å , /’08K9 0 8 , Aj/^O /TQK=8K< 9 =/50 S:+%+ / = 5-/ / 0
Æ Ä / 0 -/ ¾/5} 31>?8K2%0°3 ,;S ¸K/ , 01/ 2C3= L S 9%3 , / +ƒS:, 3;>/·O /‚= S A S 31> / Å , / -/ ¾/ } 3 5-/ / ,.-/ +ƒS:, 3;>?/O / S } 8K2
>?08:3 , 8 + /^/ 3‚@.9%>t0 LN/ 03 5-/ =8K>?QK2 5-/ /^O /6= L¹8K<.¾/3‚} /52C3 ,1S = Æ /T=?8:2 QžO /¨=/59 , 3 ,;S ¸K/ , 0 -/ /=?/ 07} S 2 2 8:2.< S =?=0
>?2C31/ ,;S QK>?001/52C3 S ¸K/5} }5/ 33;/|A S 31> / Å , /#}5> , }59%AB0§3;/5== S > , /»5=?/50t2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0Š018K2C3 + , 8.O 9 > 3;0 +ƒS:, >?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>?8:2
249 }5= 5-/ 8K2.È 249 }5= 5-/ 8K2É=ML -/ AB>0101>8K2jQ S AjA S /50§3>?0019 /†O 9 ,;S €:8K2 2 / AB/ 243 3; / , Aj>[email protected] /7O 9P} S 2%2 8K24< S ==/3
= S¶,.-/ A S 2%/52 } / + , 8 ¸.>?/ 2C3EO 9 ,;S €:8K2 2 / AB/ 243ž0§€.2 }  , 8„3 , 8:2 O /50 -/ =?/5}3 , 8K2 0 +%,.5-/ 0/52C3;0žO S 2 0G=?/B} S 2.È
2 8K24< S =?= Æ
À S 2 0‚=?/¨AB8.O/5Å =/¨8 , >?Q:>?2 S = = S 3 ,1S ¸:/ , 0 5-/ /EO%9`} S 2 2%8K24< S =?=tO S 2%0’=?/ , /50§3;/GO%/G019 + / , 2 8 ¸ S 2LN/ 03 + S 0
3 ,1S >3 5-/ /„Æ S Aj8.O >ƒ} S 3;>[email protected] /\¾ L S > S:+ + 8 , 3 5-/ /·>2C3 , 8.O 9 > 3= L -/ ¸:8K=?9É3;>?8:2EO 9B} S 2 2 8:2.< S =?= O S 2 0#=?/ , /50§3;/
O /#019 + / , 2 8 ¸ S /3 + / , AB/3 O / , / 2 O , /°}5/#Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/ + =?9 0 ,.-/ S =>?031/:Æ À’/ 0 8K2 O / 0tO%/°} %8É}°01/#O -/ ¸K/5=8 + + /52C3
S 9P¸K8:>?01>2 S QK/^O%/[email protected] / =?=/507=?/50·2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0018K2C3 + , 8.O 9 > 3;0#}  S:+ > 3 , /TJ% Æ
/·AB8.O /·O / + , 8ÉO%9 } 31>?8K2EO / 0 ,;S €K8K2%2 /5Aj/52C3;0°2L¹/50§3 + S 0#AB8.O > 
-/ O S 2 0} / 33;/2 8K9%¸:/5==?/¸K/ , 0>?8K2jO 9
Aj8ÉO/ Å =?/„Æ Ä / + /52 O S 2C3)=?/T}  8K> º¶O /50 +ƒS:,1S AR/Å 3 , /507OLN>2 >31> S =>?0 S 3;>8K2 + /59É3†}  S 2 QK/ , = L 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/^3;8:3 S =?/
5-/ Aj>?0/:Æ,L¹>?2 9 /52 } /BO%/j} /50 +ƒS:,1S AR/Å 3 , /50019 , = L 5-/ Aj>?001>8K2`O 9´019 , 0 S 9%36Q S ABA S / 36O / 062%/59%3 , >?2%8K0
S 0018.}5> -/ 0ƒ/ 03 -/ 3;9%O > -/ /^O S 2 07=?/^}  S„+ >3 , / ÉÆ
8K9%3G} 8KAjAB/j=?/ 0 +  8„3;8K2 0 \=/5062 /59%3 , >2 8K0 +%, 8.O 9 >310wO S 2 0w=/“} S O , /BO /}5/BAB8.O/ Å =?/jO /019 , 0 S 9%3
Q S AjA S 018K2C3^3 , /5Å 0^} 8K=?=>?A 5-/ 0 Æ S / ,1, /žO 8K>38/ 3 , / + , 8.}  /EO /E= S O > , /5}3;>?8:2 O 9“¾/ 3 + 8K9 , @49 /E} /50
+ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/50·018:>?/52C37O -/ 3;/5}3 S <%=?/50 Æ { >9 2¶019 , 0 S 9É3‚/ 03‚O -/ 31/5}3 -/ +ƒS:, 9 2¶0 S 31/5==?>31/’O S 2%07=MLN 5-/ Aj>?0 + / Å , /
019%O01/ 0T2 /59%3 , >2 8K0^01/ , 8K2C3 + 8:3;/ 2C3;>?/ =?=/5Aj/52C3†¸.>?0>?< =/50 + S:, -0/+132 4,6 7CÆ/50^>?2>8 , A S 3;>8K2 07O > , /5} È
3;>8K2 2 / =?=/50/3·3;/5A + 8 , / =?=?/ 0O / 070 S 3;/ =?=>3;/ 0 + / , Aj/ 33 , 8K2C3O / ,.5-/ O%9 > , /^=?/^< , 9 >3·O%/8:2 OYO /50AG9 8:2 0
/ 37O / 0†2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0 S 3;Aj8K0 +  -/ , >@49 /50 Æ S Aj>?01/T/ 2}58 2 } >?O / 2 }5/TO / 0 ,1S €:8K2 07Q S AjA S O -/ 3;/ } 3 -/ 0 +ƒS„,
=?/ 0 0 S 3;/ =?=?> 3;/ 0 S ¸K/ }^O /50 2 /59%3 , >2 8K08K<%01/ , ¸ S < =?/ 0O S 2%0 =?/‚O -/ 31/5}3;/59 ,·+ / , Aj/ 3OL -/ ¸ S =?9 / , = S¨,.-/ + 8K2 0/
OL-0/+132 4,6 7 S 9ɺj2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0 -/ ¸K/52C319 /5==?/5Aj/52C3 + , 8.O 9 > 3;0#O S 2%0|=/50#019 , 0 S 9É3;0 Q S ABA S #˜}  S:+ >3 , / %Æ
I
-A20)5,2**
L
M
/nAj>?=>?/ 9 A S:, >2O S 2 0`=/[email protected] / =w=?/ O -/ 31/5}3;/59 , -0/,13254,6 7n/50§3 + = S } -/ 7>?2%O 9 >39 2 < , 9 >3O /
8K2 O¦019 +%+ = -/ AB/ 243 S > , /:Æ 78KAG< , /ROL¹8 , Q S 2 >01Aj/50ž018K9%0§È A S:, >?2 0 + , 8ÉO 9%>?01/ 2C3O /¶= S =?9%AB> / Å , /Y} 8KAžÈ
AG9 2 5-/ Aj/52C3 S:+ + /5= -/ / < >8K=?9 Aj>?2%/501} /52 } / #}  S:+ > 3 , /|F % Æ Ä / 33;/°=?9 Aj> / Å , / -/ AB>01/ +ƒS:, } /50t8 , Q S 2 >?0AB/ 0
< >8K=?9 Aj>?2%/501} /52C3;0 S >?2 0>[email protected] /E=/ ,1S €K8K2 2%/5Aj/52C3T>?0019 O /w= S 3 ,;S 2%01AG9%3 S 3;>8K2O%9
! + ,.-/ 01/52C3TO S 2 0
= L¹/ S 9O /¨AB/ , S:+ +ƒS:,1S >?001/ 243†O S 2 0‚= S A / AB/6Q S AjAB/TO /¨=?8K2%QK9 /59 , OL¹8K2 O%/[email protected] /G}5/ =?=/YS Å = S @49 / =?=?/
=?/ 0 +  8:318KAG9 = 3;> + =?>?} S 3;/ 9 , 0w9%3;>=?>?0 5-/ 0E08K2C3“0/52 0>?< =/505Æ L -/ 3;9 O%/RO /¶}5/¶< , 9 >3jO / 8K2 O¦/503B>?A + 8 , È
3 S 243 S ƒ2YOLN/ 031>?Aj/ , 018:2¶>A + S } 3 019 , =?/ 0 + / , 8 , A S 2 }5/ 0·O 9P3 5-/ =/50}58 + /:ÆÀ’/ + =?9 0 /5==?/ + / , AB/313 ,1S
O /¨AB>/59ɺ¶} 8K2 2 S 3 , /w= L S }3;>¸.> 3 ^
2 + , 8:318:3 € + / S
-/ O / 0’8 , Q S 2 >?0AB/ 0 +%,.5-/ 0/52C3;0“S Å }5/ 0 + , 88K2 O / 9 , 0 Æ
-/ 3 -/ >?AjAj/ , Q -/ S 9n}58K9 , 0GO /B= L S 2 2 -/ /PH:I:I / 3¾ L S > -/ 3;9 O > “
-/ =/50wO%8K2 2 -/ /50EO /B< >?8K=9 Aj>?2 / 01}5/ 2 }5/ , / È
}59%/5>?==?>/50"#˜}  S„+ >3 , / %Æ /50 S 2 S = €É0/50¨/ Ã/5} 319 5-/ / 0 , / + , / 2 2 /52C3ž=/50 + 8K>2C3;06O -/ ¾SR
Å S <Ã8 , O -/ 0w=?8 , 06O /
3;/ 0310 + ,.5-/ } 5-/ O / 24310.}58KAjAj/= L -/ 319 O /O /= S }58 ,1,.-/ = S 31>?8K2wO /50#3 S 9.ºžO /}58KA + 3 S QK/ S ¸K/ }‚=/·}58K9 ,1S 2C3°8K9
/52C3 , /^Aj8ÉO 9%=?/50|8 + 31>[email protected] /50 Æ ÀGL S 9%3 , /50 + 8K>2C3;0OL S 2 S =€.01/’8:243 -/ 3 ^
-/ >2C3 , 8.O 9 > 3;0 .} 8KAjAB/‚= Sw, /5}  / , }  /
OL¹9 2 / +|-/ , >8ÉO >}5> 3 ž
-/ O S 2 0w=?/50wO 8K2 2 -/ /50E8K9y= L -/ 3;9%O /O /= S 8 , AB/jO /50E>A + 9 =?0>?8K2 0 + , 8ÉO%9 >31/50 +ƒS„,
}5/ , 3 S >?2 08 , Q S 2 >01Aj/50<%>?8K=9 AB>2 /50}5/ 243105Æ
GB
\O
D
VJ
M
T= =
X
)
=
=
=
T282" 3 " ! " & 57*+"# T282"P/0. $ *U2 "A3 #/T2 - *+"
T2 -A20G5 "13 " ",- "A3 8K=Q S 2 Qž~ S 9 =?>
Á/5Q S:, O / , =ML 2 >¸:/ , 0‚8.}5} 9 + /6=?/ 0/50 +%, >310‚O%/ + 9 >0†= Sž+%,.5-/ %>?0318K> , /:Æ /50 S ¸ S 2 } -/ /50‚31 5-/ 8 , >[email protected] / 0‚/3
3;/ }  2 >@.9%/508K2C3 + , 8 ¸[email protected] ’
-/ O / 0 ,.-/ ¸K8:=?9%31>?8K2 0°A S ¾/59 , /50O S 2 0 = S6+ / , }5/ + 3;>8K2O /‚= L¹/50 + S }5/‚@.9%>Ã2 8:9 0
/52C318K9 , /„Æ Ä / 0 S ¸ S 2 } -/ /50.3;8K9¾8K9 , 0 + =?9%0 ,1S:+ >?O%/50 + / , Aj/ 33;/ 243 S 9¾8K9 , OL¹49 >OL¹8K< 0/ , ¸K/ , = L 2 > ¸K/ , 0
S Å O /507O >03 S 2 }5/ 07O%/ + =?9 0>?/59 , 0AB>=?=> S:, O 0#OL S 2 2 5-/ / È =9 AB> / Å , /505Æ
S >0\>= S„+ +ƒS:,1S 3Š@49 /=?/ 0\Aj/500 S QK/ , 0Q 5-/ 2 -/ ,;S =/5Aj/52C39%31>?=>?0 -/ 0=?/ 0 + %8:3;8K2%02 /018:243 +ƒS 0\=/50ŠAB>/59ɺ
S O S„+ 3 -/ 0 + 8K9 , = L¹8K< 01/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2PS Å O /°Q ,;S 2 O /50\O >?0§3 S 2 } /50Š/ 3S Å  S 9%31/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/„Æ„~t8K9 ,Š,.-/ S =?>?0/ , O /°3;/5==?/ 0
8K< 0/ , ¸ S 3;>?8:2 0K>=%/ 03#2 -/ }5/500 S > , /OL¹9%3;>=?>01/ , O /50#Aj/500 S QK/ , 0#@49 > + 9%>?010/52C3#¸K8 € S QK/ , O / + 9 >?0#=/59 , =>?/ 9
OL 5-/ Aj>?001>?8:2G¾9%[email protected] S Å = S / ,, /T0 S 2 0>?2C3;/ ,;S QK> , Æ
/ž2 /59%3 , >2 8 + 8:0105/ Å O /j}5/50 + , 8 + , > -/ 3 5-/ 05Æ, /5 Aj/ž01>}5/3131/ + S:, 31>?}59%=?/GQ S„, O /E/ 2 }58 , /žO /ž01/50601/ } , / 3;0
/5==?/’8:9%¸ , /69 2 /T2 8K9%¸:/5==?/ /52/ 3 , /¨OLN8K<%01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2YO /T= L 2 > ¸K/ , 05Æ
Ä / }  S„+ >3 , / 01/ + ,.-/ 01/
8K< 0/ , ¸ S 3;>?8:2 0ž/ Ã/5} 319 5-/ / 0
Aj>?0/ 2 -/ ¸.>O /52 } /‚O%/50 +  -/
¸K8:>?/52C3^=>?Aj>3 5-/ 0ƒ08K>3 +ƒS:,
3 ,1S ¾/5}3;8K> , /"# wDKÆ DKÆ %ÆÀ S
=?/ 0·C€ + 8:31/5Å 0/50†} 8K2 } / , 2 S
KJ
¥
®u[†zjrw_#a
B
2431/ } 8KAjAB/`9 2%/´>2C3 , 8.O 9 }3;>8K2 S Å
= L S 03 , 8K2%8KAB>/2 / 9%3 , >?2 >@49 /
S ¸K/ }R=/50 + %8:3;8K2%0 # D:ÆDKÆ D %w/3B=/50 ,;S €:8K2 0ž}58K0AB>@49 /50 # RDKÆ DKÆ H
2 8KAR/5Å 2 / 0 +ƒS„, 8K>0>?2 S 33;/ 2 O 9 0 Æ ¿  S 9%3;/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/K}5/ 0 ,1S €:8K2 2 / AB/
= S O%>?03 S 2 } /[email protected]>=?0 + / 9%¸K/ 2C3 + S:, } 8K9 , > , 018K> 3 + S:, = S O -/ ¸.> S 3;>8K2O
2 0} /w}58:2431/º.3;/¨=?/T2 / 9%3 , >?2 8 # wDKÆ H%·0/5AG<%=?/T< >?/ 2 S O S:+ 3 -/ + 8K9 ,
2C3†= S 2 S 3;9 , /TO /50018:9 , } /50 S 03 , 8 + C€.01>@49 /50 # ¨DKÆ ÉÆ H % Æ
k]`_bc [
KJ
/ 0
% 8K2C3
w
2C3;0 0/
/w=?/59 ,
3;/ 03;/ ,
X7h5[^c
¿ 9 }58K9 , 0žO 9¦0> / Å }5=?/PO%/ , 2%>?/ , =ML S 03 , 8K2
8K< 0/ , ¸ S 3;>?8:2 0 O /¸K/ 2.9%/50 + 8:0101>< =?/ 0 O S 2 0 9
¾9 0@.9L S 9¦O 5-/ <%9%3O 9
01> /5Å } =?/Y= L¹/º +
¸.>?0>?< =/ S =?8 , 0·@49L S 9¾8K9 , OL¹.9%>< 3;8:9%3=?/^0 +
F F DÆ
8KAj>?/j05L¹/50§3“/ 2 Q ,;S 2%O / +ƒS:, 31>?/O -/ ¸K/ =?8 +%+ 5-/ /¶Q , S }5/ S 9ɺ
2%/ + =?9%0 = S„, QK/7Q S AjAB/O /†=?8K2 Q:9 /59 , 0 OL¹8K2 O%/:ÆÉÇ#2P/ /3
=8 ,;S 31>?8K2 O%9¡}5>/5=·0 LN/ / } 3;9 S >3B/ºÉ}5=9 01> ¸K/ AB/ 243BO S 2%0B=/
/ } 3 , / -/ =?/ } 3 , 8KA S QK2 -/ 3;>[email protected] /^/ 037/º + =8K>3 :-/ Æ
!#"$#%'& (*)+-,.(/#1/0 243 & 56&87 2 (
Ä ¹L /50§3/ 2w}  / , }  S 2C3†S Å >?O / 2C3;> / , = S } S 9 10 /|O / + S:,;S 0>31/50 + / , 3;9 , < S 2C3Š=?/ 0 ,1S O >?8.}58:ABAG9%2 ?> } S 3;>8K2 0
@49L¹/52¶D %D ¼ S 2 0 .>%8K< 01/ , ¸:/‚=/50 + , /5Aj> / Å , /5
0 8:2 O /50 ,1S O >8’OL¹8 , > QK>?2 /|/º.3 ,1S È 31/ ,, /50§3 , /:ÆLN8 , >?:
Q >?2 /|O /
}5/ 0#8K2 O / 0°/ 03 + , 8K< S < =/5Aj/52C3#=?/ }5/5C
2 3 , /O /= S Q S = S ºÉ>?/„Æ/ 0 -/ AB> 010>?8K2 0 ,;S O > 8^018K2C3 S 33 , >< 9 -/ /50 S 9ɺ
HVJ
H
5-/ =/5}3 , 8:2 0 O -/ ¸.> 5-/ 0 +ƒS:, =/50|}  S A + 0A S QK2 -/ 3;>[email protected] / 0 , /5Å QK2 S 2C3 + , / Å 0O / 08K<.¾/3;0 S 0§3 , 8 + C€.01>[email protected] / 0 8:9 S Å
=?/ 9 , >?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>?8:2 S ¸K/ } O /|= S A S 3;> / Å , /„Æ^9%/[email protected] / 0 S 2%2 5-/ / 0 + =?9%0t3 S:, O=/ ,1S O >?8„3 5-/ =/50}58 + /#/503\>?2C¸K/ 2C3 -/
%Æ S O -/ 3;/ } 31>?8K2ROLN8:2 O /50 ,;S O >8 SB+ / , Aj>?0O /¨AB/313 , /6/52 -/ ¸É>O /52%}5/w=MLN/ ºÉ>?031/52 } /
+ƒS:, Á/5</ , #§D
OL 5-/ =/5} 3 , 8K2%0 , /5= S 3;> ¸É>031/50O S 2 0#= L 2 > ¸K/ , 0/ 3#O /O -/ }58K9ɸ , > , O / 0#8K<.¾/ 310#}58KAjAB/ =?/[email protected] S 0 S:, 0 # D KI%
8K9 =/50 + 9 =?0 S:, 0 #§D CF %Æ Ä L¹/503’O S 2 0’=/wO 8:A S >2 /TO /50^8:2 O /50 ,;S O >8“@49 /E~t/52 > S 0†/ 3
>=?08K28K2C3
/52¶D
>KO -/ 3;/5}3 7
-/ =?/8K2%OBO >9%0}58K0AB8K=8KQK>@.9%/¨S Å !EÆ Ä /313;/7O -/ }58K9%¸:/ , 3;/ S } 8K28 , 3 -/ =?/·Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/
O 9 >?Q S 2 Q ƒ@49 > + ,.5-/ O > 3= L¹/ºÉ>?0§3;/ 2 }5/6O /T}5/ ,;S €:8K2 2 / AB/ 243‚O 9 S 9YO 5-/ } 8K9 + = S QK/TO / 0 +  8:3;8:2 05Æ
HVJWM
HVMVL
HWM
J
H YO
HVM
DKÆD
M > /0",- " " *+",- 4 2 " 7$ " PF
Ç2 D :J É=?/ 0 + , / AB>/ , 0 ,;S €K8K2%0
018K2C38K< 0/ , ¸ -/ 0 + S:, * , >/5O A S 2 #= S 018:9 , } /^/5037=/ { 8K=/5>?= %Æ.~Š8:9 ,
9 2 /w<Ã8K2%2 /GO -/ 3;/5}3;>8K2`O /G} /50 ,1S €:8K2 2 / AB/ 2C3;0>=, S 9%3’} / + /52 O S 2C3 + = S } / , O%/50’O -/ 3;/ } 3;/ 9 , 0S Å 9%2 /
S = 3;>319 O /G09 +|-/ , >?/ 9 , /`S Å :I 4Aq} S:, =ML S 31AB8:0 + / Å , /G31/ ,1, /50§3 , /j/50§3 S < 018 , < S 2C31/ S 9.º ,;S €K8:2 0 GÆ+/
+ , /5Aj>?/ , 0 S 3;/5==?> 3;/ S:, 31>ƒ} >?/ =<K=/‚0 S 3;/ =?=?> 3;/ , 9%0101/ { + 8:9%3;2 > É/ 03 + = S } ‚
-/ 09 , 8 , < >31/‚/ 2 D KF.Æ>/ + , / È
Aj>?/ , 0 S 31/5==?>31/¨OLN8K<%01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2
# 49 , 9 %†O S 3;/EO /“D CF:IÃ/ 3^=/ + , /5Aj>?/ , 0 S 31/5==?>31/
 # ¿ TH %
O S 31/O / D
ÉÆ L¹8K< 0/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2¦O /50 ,;S €K8K2%0
S + / , Aj>?0žO /O 5-/ }58:9%¸ , > , O /50“8K<.¾/ 310“>A + ,.-/ ¸.9 0
}58:ABAj/E=?/ 060§€.03o/ Å AB/ 0w< >2 S > , /50
#˜O%/59ɺ S 0§3 , / 0¨/ 2 , 8:3 S 3;>?8:2 S 9%3;8K9 , O%9y}5/ 2C3 , /jO /jQ ,;S ¸.>3 ž
-/ O /
=?/ 9 , 0€.0§3o/5Å Aj/&%^8K9´=?/ +  5-/ 2 8KA¶/5Å 2%/BOL S } } ,.-/ 3;>8K2 # S }5} 9 AG9 = S 3;>8K2`O /žA S 3;> / Å , / S 9%3;8K9 , OLN9 2´8K<.¾/3
3 , /5Å 0A S 010> %Æ
L S 03 , 8K2 8KAj>?/PQ S ABA S O -/ < 9%3;/ S Å = S ƒ2 O /50 S 2 2 -/ /50 KI S ¸:/5}R=?/50ž8K<%01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2 0žO /50j0 S 3;/5==?> 3;/50
Â^Ç ¿ @49 >°O -/ 31/5}3;/52C3 + 8K9 , = SR+%, /5Aj> / Å , /08K>?06O /50 5-/ Aj>?010>?8K2%0 + , 8 ¸K/52 S 2C3žO /“08K9 , } /50 S:+%+ / = 5-/ / 0
019 , 0 S 9%3;0‚Q S AjA S Æ S O -/ }58K9%¸:/ , 3;/G/3†=/50 + , 8 + , > -/ 3 -/ 0‚O%/50†09 , 0 S 9%310†Q S AjA S 08K2C3†O -/ 3 S >?=?= 5-/ 0·O S 2 0
=?/^}  S:+ >3 , / %Æ
À S 2 0j}5/O 8KA S >?2 /YO / 0“ S 9%3;/ 0 5-/ 2 / , QK>/50j}5/ 2LN/ 0[email protected] / KI S 2 0 + =9 0B3 S:, O S ¸:/5} =/RO -/ 3;/ } 3;/ 9 ,
Ç 6Á7Ç @49 /G=/50 + , / AB> / Å , / 0†8K<%01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2 0 + /59ɸK/52C3/ 3 , /w/ Ã/5} 319 5-/ / 0 S 9ÉÈ O /50019 0’O%/G= S O > S >?2%/
O / T/ÂGÆ Ä / O -/ 31/5}3;/59 , + = S } -/ S Å <8 , O¡O 9 0 S 3;/5==?> 3;/ Ä 6Á /301/ 2 01>< =?/R/52C3 , / H:I ¶/ Âb/3
KI ^/ Â
Sn-/ 3 S < =>= SE+ , /5Aj> / Å , /T} S:, 3;/TO 9¶}5>?/ = S Å  S 9%3;/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/"# QK9 , /žDKÆ H %/ 37Aj>?0·/ 2 -/ ¸É>O /52%}5/
=?/ 0 + , /5Aj> / Å , /5008K9 , }5/ 5-/ Aj/ 33 , >?}5/ 0 S 9O%/50109 07O /GD IKI R/ Âwƃ~ S:, AB>Ã=?/ 0·HKFÉD^08K9 , }5/50 ,.-/ + / , 3;8 , > 5-/ / 0
O S 2%0 =?/73 , 8K>?0> /5Å Aj/} S 3 S =?8:QK9 /7OL Ç TÁ‚Ç H + =9 0 OLN9 2%/’}5>2 @49 S 2C3 S >2 / -/ AB/3131/52C3 S 9.È O / 01019%0O 9
^/ ÂGÆ~ S:,;S =?= / Å =?/ AB/ 243%=/^O -/ 31/5} 31/59 ,‚S 9¶018K=
%> + + =
/ 8K< 01/ , ¸:/w9 2 / + , /5Aj> / Å , /^018:9 , } / -/ AB/313 , >?} /
S 9ɺ -/ 2 / , QK>?/ 0‚O /¨= L¹8 , O , /TO 9 / Ân»= S 2 -/ < 9 =?/ 9 01/¨O 9 Ä ,1S </ ÆÀGL S 9%3 , /50‚018K9 , }5/ 0†018:243†AB>01/ 0
L
HVMVO
F
6F
HYL
H
IF
6F
M
]
J ]
]
J
TJ
]
]
]
L
!"$#&%('*),+.-(/ / -10324-105687"$#&'9/ ":;=<9?>@
A CBED/F7GHD(I+.-J/ /K- 24-10MLONPH"$#&QC-CG&D(#&0SRT:UU$VA(W(W(WYX8ZP&-CG&"$[\[9'9GH"])$D(/ 7^D#G_-JYGa` '9PGH#&b/ "$YG_Pc7^Db#ab"]PH"$8V
PH'9N'\[\'dG.
e" "$e"$":#H%'9","$YG&#H"gf(WFh"$ij"kGlfW +,":im< `(>n
f;3:e" [9"PH)$D(7"Ko8"S:Wp/qo8"o8'*-J/p"$r GH#&"os$e" GH":)kG&-(Gg[\":Pt%("$#&N":Pg-CG&/ DPH7uc:e" #H'*vYb":P.7-(#]'\/ -(%(":b#EwB "$#&"$hDCQyxzo-JP
b"g%Y-J/ / "go|{T$e" ":#H%'9".-J[\[\-(YGco8"KW(W +,"$i}-p
r W~;"$i~
`^:€[P:{ -J%('9G4o8bM#H"PTG&".oz{ b"]Pb7"$#&DCQC-FD(NPH"$#&Q!$e" "O7-J#4o":PaP&-1Q1-(YG&Pc)_u'\D('*Pc[9"g`,‚Tb'\[\[9"$Gt:WYƒC`
D I
DKÆ H
M 2& "!32$L- " *J25 ." &8F" /T2 *+"!53 " ",- " $%R<G:=<#' 32$ 20 74/)" " "420 "."I3 "
- 0" !" 0G3;2T *+" 2;0" !" 0 ;24!3 C" " 2 " QsD IKI " VM
/52 -/ .
¸ >O /52 } / +ƒS:,
{ 6D IKI %Æ
 > + + =?/\» H“2 8 € S 9.º
S } 31>0’O /žQ S = S ºÉ>?/H
+ 9%=?0 S„, 0^/ 36=/ , / 03;/žO /ž09 + / , 2 8 ¸ S
/ 0 +  8„3;8K2 072 /6018K2C3 +ƒS 07=?/50701/ 9 ?= / 0 +ƒS„, 3;>}59 = /509%31>?=?>0 -/ /50 + 8:9 , 01} , 9%3;/ , =ML 2 >¸:/ , 0 ÆÀGL S 9É3 , / 0
/ 9%¸:/52C38/ 3 , /¨O -/ 31/5}3 5-/ / 05Æ Ä / 0 +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/50 8K2C3’=MLN8K<4¾/ 3‚O /w= S
+ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/50=/50 ,;S €K8K2%0’}58K0AB>@49 /50 + 5
01/ } 31>?8K2¶019 > ¸ S 2C3;/:Æ
#"$ 1 % 8& 7 2 (/
H
M
/ 0 ,;S €:8K2 0w} 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0tO 5-/ } 8K9%¸:/ , 310G/52¦D %DH +ƒS:, ÂGƊ½‚/ 010 ^ S 3131/5>QK2 /52C3¨= S / ,1, /“/52 9 2
ƒ9ɺ>?08:3 , 8 + /„Æ/ 0 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 0 @49 >=/50} 8KA + 8K0/52C3·018:243 S 9 010>< >?/ 2PO /50 + S:, 31>?}59%=?/50 5-/ = 5-/ Aj/52C3 S > , / 0
@49 /O / 0G2 8 € S 9ɺ S 3;8KAj>[email protected] / 05Æ /59 , >2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 S ¸K/5}“=?/50¨AB8:= 5-/ } 9 =?/ 0¨OL S 8:3;/B/ 3wOLN8oº.€.Q /5Å 2%/PO /
= L S 31AB8K0 + / Å , /†31/ ,1, /50§3 , /^O%8K2 2 /^=>?/59 S Å O /50·Q:/ , </50·O%/ +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 0 01/ }58K2%O S > , /50 @49 > + /59%¸:/52C3 / 3 , /
O -/ 3;/5}3 -/ /50 S 9¨018K=MÆ Ä /50Q:/ , </50t018:243\8K< 0/ , ¸ -/ /50 + 8K9 , = S·+ , /5Aj> / Å , / 8:>?0 /52BD
+ƒS:, ~ŠÆ ¿ 9%QK/ ,F FÉ/3
= L 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/·O / 0 +ƒS„, 3;>}59 =/50 + , >?A S > , /50/ 03|/50§3;>?A 5-/ /GS Å D I / ÂwÆ ¿ 9¾8K9 , OL¹49 ><C=/50 ,;S €K8:2 0|} 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0
018:243 O -/ 31/5}3 5-/ 0 ¾9 [email protected] S Å D I / ÂGÆ>/59 , ƒ9ɺ + /59%3 / 3 , / S ¾9%03 -/ +ƒS:, 9 2 /‚=?8K>ƒO / + 9 >010 S 2 }5/
.8 Å9
Ä
= L¹/º + 8K0 S 243 /503‚= L¹>?2%O >?} /’0 + /5}3 ,;S = Æ /6O / , 2 >?/ ,·+ , / 2 O ž¸ S =/59 , 0·01/5=8K2¶= S Q S AjAj/’OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/:»
=H
N O
N
!# H S F
"
$
H J%S I
S ¸K/ }
S
H F
KJ
HVJVO
J
/50‚}  S 2 QK/ AB/ 2C3;0†O%/ + /52C3;/¨8K< 10 / , ¸ 5-/ 08# ƒQK9 , /jDKÆ %GS Å D I }  / ¸É>=?=/ MÆ
+ /5} 31>¸:/5Aj/52C3)ƒ=/ QK/ 2 8K9 t/ 37= S
#B
D
B
D
&% N % DoI &% N % D I '
N QqDoI ' /Â
D I D I + 8K9 ,
+ 8K9 ,
+ 8K9 ,
/Â
]
'
/3BS Å D I /Â
6N O
/Â
/ Â
08K2C3 S:+%+ / = 5-/ 0
# DKÆD&%
, /50 È
/ ƒ9ɺjO / +ƒS„, 3;>}59 =/50#OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/>?2 -/ , >?/ 9 , /GS Å D I T/ /503|>?A + 8 , 3 S 2C3 ' O / + / 3;> 3;0O -/ 3;/5}3;/ 9 , 0
/5Aw< S:, @49 -/ 0Š09 , O /50 < S ==?8K2%0019 j01/ 2C3 + 8K9 , =?/#Aj/509 , / , Æ /50 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 ?= / 0 + , >A S > , / 0 018:243tO -/ 3;/ } 3 -/ /50
8 A + 8:01>31>?8K2 , /5= S 3;> ¸K/ + /59%3 / 3 , /^O -/ ;3 / , j
A >?2 -/ / »
S ¸ S 2C3‚=/59 , >2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2P/37=?/59 , }5K
M L:I)(£O%/
M HVL*(£O%/
+%, 8:318K2 0
,+
+ S:, 31>?}59%=?/50
M DJ)(£OL -/ =?/5Aj/52C3107} 8KAjAB/’=/^} S:, <Ã8:2
M DKD-(£OL -/ =?/5Aj/52C3107O%// ,
/ƒ=ML S
DKD
8:3;/ = L¹8oº.€ÉQ /5Å 2 /
M %
M
¿
KJ M * $
D:Æ
( OL -/ =?/ } 3 , 8K2 0
I D-(£O / +  8„3;8K2 0
3 "# 2;TR-,. 7$ ",1" 0 " " " " D
]
O / 0 -/ 2 / , QK>?/ 0019 +|-/ , >/59 , /50S Å D I ^/  o01/ 9 =?/=ML -/ 2 / , QK>?/\318:3 S =?/O /= S QK/ , </ + / 9%3 / 3 , /O -/ 31/ , AB>2 5-/ /
A S >?0= S 2 S 3;9 , / O / = Sn+ƒS„, 3;>}59 =/ + , >A S > , /R2L¹/503 +ƒS 0¶} 8K2 249 /„Æ$L¹8 , >QK>?2%/ O /50 +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/50P/50§3
Q -/ 2 -/ ,1S =?/ AB/ 243 S O AB>01/»\}5/5==?/O%/50 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ 0EOL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/50ž>?2 -/ , >/59 , /50 S 9 QK/ 2 8K9 /503 +%, 8K< S < =?/ È
Aj/52C3·Q S = S } 31>[email protected] /É} /5=?=/’O / 0 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 0OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/50·019 + -/ , >?/59 , /50wS Å = S }  /¸É>=?=/’/50§3 + , 8K< S < =?/ AB/ 2C3
/º.3 ,;S È Q S = S } 3;>@49 /:Æ Ç#2 / Ã/ 3·=?/`}  S A + A S QK2 -/ 3;>[email protected] /
Q S = S }3;>[email protected] //503Y31/5=^@49 / =?/ 0 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 0
}  S:, Q 5-/ / 0’OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/¨09 +|-/ , >?/ 9 , /YS Å = S }  /¸.>?=?=/ƒ8K2C3†9 2 /T3 ,;S ¾/5} 318K> , /¨O%8K2C3’=?/ ,1S €:8K2 O /¨}58K9 , < 9 , /
O -/ +ƒS 010/“=/ ,1S €K8K2 } S:,1S } 3 -/ , >031>[email protected] /žO /j= S Q S = S º%>/ #§DoI
+ } %Æ Ä /50 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ 0T2 / + /59ɸK/52C3 / 3 , /
, /3;/ 2.9%/50†O S 2 0= S Q S = S ºÉ>?/„Æ
]
S @49 /50§3;>8K2 O%/50 + , .
8 }5/ 0109 R
0 OL S } } -/ = -/ ,1S 3;>8K2 Aj>?0/ 2 ¾/ 9 + 8K9 P
, + / , AB/313 , / S 9ɺ +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 0
OL S 3131/5>2 O , /†}5/50 -/ 2 / , QK?> / 0#
D I T/ Â% , /50§3;/^8K9%¸:/ , 3;:
o
/ Æ À’/59ɺ“3 € + /50·O%/^AB8.O/5Å =/50°3;/52C31/52C37OL¹€
, -/ + 8:2 O , /\»
.
N Q M
=/50Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/ 0
5 $./[email protected]
> S }5} -/ = / Å , /52C3t=?/ 0 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ 0O /< S 0101/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/ +ƒS„, =?/A 5-/ } S 2 >01Aj/
ƒ
".)_u^-J/ 7p/ -(%(ce"kGH'*vYb".o8".[\- iD'9"-)?G$e" ".o8"]f+F
.7y) fx WYƒaW .)k/! fx A"F- [ DH
M
O
O /*ƒ/ , AB> ^ '
H
L S 03 ,
O -/ }58K9%¸:/ ,
019%>¸ S 2C3†/
 S 9É3;/ 5-/ 2
,/ #3 =/50TAB8.O/ Å =?/50
nO S %
2 0¨=/[email protected] / =?06O 5
/ 0 ƒ
/ Å 06A S 0 01> ¸K/50 , /5=>[email protected] / 06O%9 > Q
+ S:, 3;>}59 =/50^3 , 5
S 2 Q + , 8ÉO 9%> ,;S >?/52C3·O%/50 +ƒS:, 13 >?} 9 =?/ 0·O 6
/ 3 , /Å ‚
0  S 9%3;/ 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/ ƒ
+ S:, O -/ 01>?2C3 5-/ Q ,1S 3;>8K2Y8K9 S 2 2 > È
 >= S 31>?8K2 Æ
8K2%8KAB>/yQ S B
A A S / 3 = S O -/ 3;/5}3;>8K2 O /50 ,1S €:8K2 0 }58:01Aj>[email protected] /50`8:243 + / , AB>0 O / Q ,1S 2 O / 0
3;/50 Æ3 S >07S Å 3 , /5Å 0\ S 9%31/ 5-/ 2 / , QK>/ =MLN8K<%01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2wO w
9 }5>?/ =ÉO%/ ¸.>?/ 243O > j}5>=?/„Æ/ + S:,;S Q ,;S:+ %/
º + 8K0/G=?/ 0 + , 8K<%= /5Å Aj/507=?> 5-/ 0GS Å =MLN8:< 01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2¶O /50 +  8:318K2 0†/3†O%/50 ,1S €K8K2 0‚}58K0AB>@49 /50‚O /
/ , QK>/:Æ
&% & &8#"$ ( $ (/
!& #"
2 3 2 5(/( "$(/ & (/
-/ =?/ ¸ -/ / + =?9 0¨= L¹8K< 01/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2
~ =9 w
0 =ML -/ 2 / , K
Q >?/jO /50 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 ?= / 0YS Å O -/ 3;/ } 31/ , / 03
O > B} 9 =3 5-/ 0 , / 2 }5:
8 243 ,.-/ /507018K2C37=?/ 7
0 09 >¸ S 2C31/505Æ
/503wO > j} >?=?/„Æ / 0
NJ
D % / 9ɺYO / +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/50 + , >?A S > , /50 + ,.-/ 01/52C3 &
-/ ƒQ:9 , /žDKÆ E019 > 3·9 2 /T=?8:>O / + 9 >010 S 2 }5/TOL¹>?2%O >?} /
0 + /5}3 ,1S =†09 +|-/ , >?/ 9 , S Å H.Æ =‚O >?Aj>?249 /P3 , /5Å 0"8 , 31/5Aj/52C3 '|S 9¡2 > ¸K/ S 9 O /= S }  /¸.>?=?=/#=?/ ƒ9ɺ¡/50§3
5-/ @49 > ¸ S =?/ 243GS Å D +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ +ƒS:, 4A +ƒS:,S 2Æ
H%$/50’08K9 , }5/50^/ º.3 ,;S È Q S = S } 31>[email protected] / 0‚8K<%01/ , ¸ 5-/ /50 +ƒS„, Ç 6Á7Ç 018K2C3^=8K>?2C3 S >?2 / 05Æ /59 , O 5-/ } S = S Q:/
0 + /5}3 ,1S =# , /5O 0 > 3 %w/503ž} 8KA + , >0w/52C3 , /¶I / 3jH>\8 , =?/ ƒ9ɺ O%/ +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 0GO -/ 31/5}3 S < =/50E09 ,
/ ,1, /TO >?Aj>?249 /^} 8KABAj/’=MLN>24¸:/ , 01/TO 9¶} S:,,.T
-/ O /T= S O >03 S 2 }5/„Æ
% S ,.5-/ 08K=?9É3;>?8:2 S 2 QK9%= S > , / S 313;/ >?2C3;/“O S 2 0E=/B¸.>?0>?< =/ , / 031/¶2%/ 3131/5Aj/52C3ž019 + -/ , >?/59 , /yS Å }5/ =?=/
8K<%31/5249 /PS Å  S 9%31/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/0# D + 8K9 , Ç TÁ7Ç % Æ 8K2 Q:31/5A + 0ƒ=/50·O -/ 3;/5}3;>8K2 0O S 2 0=/^O 8KA S >?2 /
Q S AjA S 2L¹8K2C3 + / , Aj>?0’O%/G¸K8K> , @49LN9%2 8K2%O`O >Ã9 05Æ / 0^2 8K9%¸:/ S 9.º 0 S 31/5==?>31/507¸K8K>/52C3T=?/ 9 , 0 + / , È
8 , A S 2%}5/50|/ 3 =?/59 ,|,.5-/ 018:=?9%31>?8K2j05L S A 5-/ =?>8 , / , + / , AB/313 S 243 S >?2%01>O /†OLN>O /52C3;>ƒ/ , =?/ 0 018:9 , } /50 + 8K2 } È
{ > 3 8K9 ¿ { 3;9%/5=?=/50 Æ&/50t0 S 31/5=?=>31/50} 8KABAj/ O 8K2C3t=?/= S 2 }5/ AB/ 243t/ 03 + ,.-/ ¸.9 , / 0 + /5}3;>¸:/5Aj/52C3
D 5Æ
+ 8K9 , 8.} 3;8:< , /¨H:IKI„JE/ 3†H:IKICF3 S 3131/5>2 O , 8:2439%2 / ,.5-/ 08K=?9É3;>?8:2 S 2 QK9 = S > , /†O /¨I ·/ 3‚I 8
J% /50 +  8„3;8K2 0|O /7 S 9%31/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/72 / + / 9%¸K/ 24305L 5-/ }  S:+%+ / , O /50 ,.-/ QK>?8K2%0°O%/52 0/50O /7= L 2%>¸K/ , 0 Æ
=?0€>?2C3;/ ,;S QK>010/52C3 + 8K9 , 8 , Aj/ , O / 0 +ƒS > , /50
/ / Æ
%#L¹/ Ã/ 3 !8%O 9¶2 8KA O%/60/50>?2C¸:/52C3;/ 9 , 0
, /5>?0/52 S 3;0/ + >2¶/3$!T9 :L¹AB>2P/503 -/ Q S =?/ AB/ 2C3
9 2/ /3=>?Aj>3 S 243 D I < D:Y
D Æ ¿  S 9%3;/ 5-/ 2 / , QK>/.=?/ 0 + %8:3;8K2%0>?2C3;/ ,;S Q:>?010/52C3 S ¸:/5}^=/50 +  8:318K2 0 O%/50
O > -/ , /52C310 8:2 O 0O >9 0 #=?/ 8:2 OžAB>} , 8È 8K2 O%/ , /5=>[email protected] /·O 90 >Q S 2 QK=?/ 8:2 Ož>?2 ,1S È , 8K9 QK/ ,.5-/ 01>O 9
O /= S 8 , A S 3;>?8:2 O / 0EQ S = S ºÉ>?/50 8K9n=?/08K2 O ,1S O >8%Æ5 S ƒQK9 , / DKƹJ + ,.5-/ 01/ 2C3;/P=?/B=?>< , / +ƒS:, }58K9 , 0
Aj8€:/52¶O /50 +  8„3;8K2 0/ 243 , /žD 
I 7/ 36D I †/ÂGÆ LN>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2PAj>?0/^/52G¾/59¶/50§3»
]
KL
J
KL
]
]
L
]
^]
H
!#"%$!& '
H
NJYL
(*) +,"*.-
/ '
/
# DKÆ H%
~ „
S , /ºÉ/ A + =/É9 2 +  8„3;8K2O%/GD /  2%/ + / 9%3 + S:, } 8K9 , > , @49 /TF„IKI + }’/ 2AB8 €:/52 2 /„Æ ¿ 9.º/ 24¸.> È
, 8:2O /wDoIKI /  %=?/‚=?>< , / +ƒS:, }58K9 , 0Aj8 €K/52“O /’}5/ +  8:318K2O /¸.>?/52C3·O%/’= L¹8 , O , /7O /†= S 3 S >?=?=/·OL¹9 2 /
Q S = S ºÉ>?/#O /T= L¹8 , O , /^O /žD I8 + })%Æ
% L¹9%3;>=?>?0 S 3;>8K2EO / 0 ,;S €:8K2 0} 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0  S O , 8K2 >@49 /50 + 8K9 ,1,;S >3$/ 3 , /7/52C¸.>?0 S Q 5-/ /’A S >0°=/50 +ƒS:, È
3;>}59 =/50}  S„, Q -/ /50 08K2C3°O -/ ¸.> -/ /50 +ƒS:, =?/ 0#}  S A + 0|A S QK2 -/ 3;>@49 /50#Q S = S } 31>[email protected] / 0/ 3°/º.3 ,1S È Q S = S }3;>@.9%/505Æ
LN>28 , A S 31>?8K2‚O > , /5}3;>?8:2 2 /5==?/t/50§3 S =?8 , 0 + / , O 9%/:Æ&L¹>?2 ƒ9%/52 } /°O%/}5/50 }  S A + 0O%/ ¸.>?/ 243t2 -/ QK=?>QK/ S < =?/
I /  % ƒA S >?0TS Å }5/50 -/ 2 / , QK>?/ 0·= L¹/ Ã/ 3 ! O%/ ¸.>?/ 2437=>?Aj>3 S 243 # ¸K8K> ,
S 9ɺ 5-/ 2 / , QK>/50·/ ºÉ3 , / AB/ 0 1# 0 D + 8K>?2C3019%>¸ S 2C3 % Æ
F% / 0 + , 8:3;8K2%0‚09 < >?001/ 243 5-/ Q S =?/5Aj/52C37= L¹/ Ã/ 3 ! #31> , / 3;009 , = S QK9 , /jDKƹJ%Æ Ä 8:A + 31/631/5249
O /¨= S O /52 0>3 ¨
JCIKIž}5A
% ÃO /6=?/ 9 ,Y5-/ 2 / , QK>/ #O /
-/ O / 0 + %8:3;8K2%0†O 9 8:2 OO >9%0‚} 8K01Aj8K=?8:QK>[email protected] /0#
= L¹8 , O , /7O /T3
H 2D I /  %°/3O /‚= S 0/5}3;>?8:2/ j} S }5/’OL¹>?2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2 +%, 8:318K2ÉÈ +  8:3;8:2 #˜O%/’= L¹8 , O , /7O /
M
4 *
5
]
]
":PH'9N'\[\'dG.
e" "$YGH#&" :W76I"$i "$G]:WWF+,":itx7#:e" QYb"O7D(b#9"k8 GH#&"]ƒJW;: D('*P4)k":[9[\"go|{ E+.24E;.
J
D
M ** $; A2 3 " * " " }" 82* $% 32$ * 57" /T2-,$% !;" 3 ",/00 T
* 2" /)*+" " " P3 ", /), T * 2" /00**"." !" - 3 "#* 1" " 2 " ", 25 E" -,00$;
.0=)327$I", 32, " @ * 2"" /00 ," -,&", /0)3 *U * "I3 "-,&", /0)3;2-,"
* "72" " 0"6*+"#3 ".-A2*U "= /0",- A2* " *U!32+ 2-," ?2$ 3 " * *U -,$ 57$%"R", /T -," " /0 ",
# /)" )32,"1" (-, /) " DKƹJ
H
O
D IKI< % = L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/|Aj>?2%>?AG9 AsO 9 + , 8„3;8K2G>A + =?>[email protected] #
-/ O S 2 0= L¹>?2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2
'
'
/50§37OLN/ 2C¸É> , 8K2´D I / ÂwÆ /T=?>?< , / +ƒS„, }58:9 , 0Aj8€:/52¶}58 ,, / 0 + 8K2 O S 2C37/50§37O / " + } DKDFMÆ ¿ + =?9%0
< S 001/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/=?/ 0 +  5-/ 2 8KA¶/5Å 2%/50GO /j} ,.-/ S 31>?8K2 O / +ƒS > , /50 / /
O 9 0 S 9ɺ >?2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2 0 S ¸K/ }=?/ 0
}  S A + 0A S QK2 -/ 3;>[email protected] / 0 + ,.-/ 01/52C310‚O S 2 0= L 2 > ¸K/ , 0ƒO 8:AB>2 /52C3oÆ
%/ž2 /59É3 , 8:2n2L¹/503 +ƒS 0¨9 2y} S 2 O >O S 360 S 3;>?0: S >?0 S 2C36} S:, 018:2y3;/ A + 06O /ž¸.>?/ž/50§3w3 , 8 + }58K9 , 3
#
D “Aj>?2 S 9 , / + 8K0 %†/ 3^08K2 +ƒS:, } 8K9 , 0^/503T=>?Aj>3 :-/ Æ~ S:, /ºÉ/5A + =?/9 2 2 / 9%3 , 8K2 O /PD I ^/ 2 /
+ /59%3 +ƒS:, }58K9 , > , @49L¹/52C¸.> , 8K2´D + }:Æ
O
7L
’< 0/ , ¸K/ , =?/} >?/5=:019 , O /#Q ,;S 2 O /50 O >03 S 2 }5/ 0Š/3·S Å  S 9%3;/ 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/ , / @49 >?/ , 3t9 26AB/ 010 S QK/ , O 8K2C3t=?/ 0
} „
S ,;S }3 -/ , >?0§3;>[email protected] / 0=?9 > + / , Aj/ 33;/52C3#O /¸:8 € S QK/ , =?8K2 Q„3;/5A + 0 „}„LN/ 03^S Å O > , /019 , O /·Q ,;S 2 O /50#O >03 S 2 }5/ 0
#˜0§3 S <%>?=?> 3 )-/ % O /3 ,1S ¸K/ , 01/ , O%/50 ,.-/ QK>?8:2 0wO / 2 01/ 0 #>?2C3;/ ,;S Q:>?010 S 2C3 S >< =?/ AB/ 2C3 % t/ 3GO /P2 / +ƒS 0 / 3 , /
O /¸É> -/ O /P0 S 3 ,;S ¾/5} 318K> , / #˜2%8K2 }  S:, Q &-/ % Æ /2 /59É3 , >2 8 / 03ž=?/“} S 2 O%>?O S 3w>?O -/ S = } S:, >= ,.5-/ 9 2 > 3G} /50
} S„,;S }3 -/ , >?0§3;>[email protected] / 0¨/3w8:9%¸ , /“9%2 /B2%8K9%¸K/ =?=/0/ 2,/ 3 , /j019 , = L 2 > ¸K/ , 0"# ƒQK9 , /¶DKÆ %Æ /B2 / 9%3 , >?2 80 S
O -/ }58K9%¸:/ , 3;/w/3701/50} S:,;S }3 -/ , >?0§3;>@.9%/50018K2C3 + ,.-/ 01/ 243 5-/ 0‚O S 2 0= S 0/5}3;>?8:2R09 >¸ S 2C3;/„Æ
[L
W ,)$/
DoJ
KL M 42" 3 1" " 2 " -,$ 82" &P/T2 *+", 32 " " 0 !",,7 " ", " $ . .0
/).",." 0 P $ = $ *+" /0",- " " .0 *+",P." $ * 6" 0 " " 8 "(2T a7$ 2$ 3 " * R 3 " 8 DKÆ
"
¥
mn[^kf
[^]Z_#hof
( 1 2 (/55(
Vjk
(/ $
" ( 2 56&"$
1 A R C A ,. HVJ
RŒ
‹ ‡ Œ Œ
‡ ‹
Œ
*\>2 D :I‚=/50 + 4€.0>?}5>/52 001/n3 , 8K9%¸:/52C3 }58K2> , 8K2C3 -/ 0¦S Å 9 2 +%, 8K< = /5Å Aj/yQ ,1S ¸K/:Æ /y0 + /5} 3 , /nO%/50
5-/ =/5}3 , 8:2 0 + , 8.O 9 > 3;0^O S 2%0¨= S O 5-/ 0>?2C3 -/ Q ,;S 31>?8K2 O%/50T2 8 € S 9.º ,;S O >8 S }3;>0†/503¨}58:2431>?249 S =?8 , 0’@49 /
=?/ + , >2 }5> + /¨O /G} 8K2 01/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2`O /w= L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/w031> + 9%=?/[email protected]¹>?=tO /¸ ,1S >38/ 3 , /GO >01} , / 35Æ
8K=Q S 2 Q~ S 9 =?>
+ 8K0319 =?/ S =8 , 0= L¹/ºÉ>03;/ 2 }5/¨OL¹9 2 /62 8K9%¸:/5=?=/ + S:, 31>?}59%=?/^@49 >t01/ ,1S >37O 9RA / AB/^3 € + /[email protected] /6= L 5-/ =?/ } 3 , 8K2Æ
Ä / 33;/ +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/ O 8K> 3 / 3 , /`2 / 9%3 , /·>?=‚= S < S„+ 3;>01/ S =8 , 02%/59%3 , 8K2Æ S >?0P/ 2 D CH> Ä  S O >}
O -/ }58K9%¸ , /6=/†2 / 9%3 , 8K2 S } 319 /5=MÆ S A /5 Aj/ S 2 2 -/ / *ƒ/ , Aj><4019 , =/ + 8K>?2C3O%/’3;/ , AB>2 / , = S 31 5-/ 8 , >?/†O /
= S O 5-/ 01>2C3 5-/ Q ,;S 31>?8K2 y2%8KABAj/^= SG+ S:, 31>?}59%=?/^>?2C¸:/52C3 -/ / +ƒS„, ~ S 9 =>< =/^2 /59É3 , >2 8 Æ
’9 /[email protected] /50 + , 8 +%, > -/ 3 -/ 0j08K2C3OL¹8 , /50j/ 3BO -/ ¾S Å 5-/ 2 8K2%} 5-/ / 0» 9%2¡0 + >?2 O /5Aj> È /52C3;>/ , 9%2 /RA S 001/Y3 , / Å 0
+ / 3;> 3;/Š9 2%/}  S:, QK/ 5-/ =/5}3 , >@49 /“249 ==?/“/3G9 2%/01/ } 3;>8K2 / j} S }5/POL¹>?2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2 + S:, 31>?}59%=?> / Å , / AB/ 243
S >< =?/„Æ
Ä 8 S 2E/ 3#Á/5>2 /50 „/ 2PD ÉD / 24¸.>0 S QK/ 2C3O /O -/ 3;/ } 3;/ , O / 02 /59%3 , >2 8K0 +%, 8.O 9 >310Š/ 2 S <8K2 O S 2%}5/ +ƒS„,
=?/ 0 ,.-/ S } 31/59 , 0°249 } = -/ S > , /50 #§Do
I }5A 0 %Æ/·O >0 + 8K01> 3;>/ 03 + = S } -/ +%, /5Å 0#O 9 ,.-/ S }3;/59 , O%/‚½ S 28 , O
/52´D
/ 37O 8:>3·0>?QK2 / , = SE,.-/ S } 31>?8K2 >?2C¸K/ , 01/\»
HVJ
HYL
HYL J
+ƒS:, = S } 8 2%}5>?O%/52 } / , / 3 S:, O
+  8„3;8K2 0°/52B}58 2 }5>O /52%}5/O S
018 ,1+ 31>?8K2žO 9ž2 / 9%3 , 8K2Æ/<
S Å DHžA 018K9 073;/ ,1, / + , /5Å 0‚O 9
/50§3 S =?8 , 0·AB>0/52 -/ ¸.>?O%/52 } /
'
'
KJ
# DKÆ %
/ O%9 + 8K01> 3 , 8K2 #˜05L S 2 2%>? >= S 2C3 S ¸K/
2 0°9 2B01}5>2C3;>?== S 31/59 , }58K9 + = G
-/ S Å O%/50 + 
, 9 > 3#O /8K2 Oj/50§3#3 , / Å 0 5-/ =?/¸ 7
-/ /3#/52¶D
,.-/ S }3;/ 9 , O%/ { S ¸ S 2 2 S  Á>¸:/ , ÆÇ2
DH MÆ
1 A ; ,. HYL
-/ /
}
9 2 5-/ =/5} 3 , 8K2 +
8:3;8:AG9 =31> + =>?} S 3;/
†=/·A / AB/·O%>?0 +
D
ƒ=/^2 /59É3 , >2
HYLVL
HYLWM
8K9 , O 8K2%2 / , H
9 , 0 % S ¸K/ }†= L S <ÉÈ
8K0>3;>/50§3 + = S } -/
8 -/ =?/ } 3 , 8K2 >@.9%/
RŒ
‹ ‡
‡ ‹
Œ
Â#/ , 0B= S 2¡O / 0 S 2%2 5-/ / 0D „I8K2¡} 8K2 2 S 3žAj>?/59.º =?/ 0B>2431/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 08 S >< =?/ 05Æ ’2¦0 S > [email protected] /R=?/ 0
A 5-/ 018:2 0 /3 q01/‚O 5-/ 0>?2C3o/ Å Q , / 2C3/529 2“AG9 8K2/39 2“2 /59%3 , >2 8 ./ 3@49 /†=?/†Aw9 8K2“0/’O -/ 01>?2C3o/5Å Q , /BS Å
018:2¨3;8:9 , / 2w9 2 5-/ =/5} 3 , 8K2¨/ 3ŠO /59.ºw2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0#>?=C0 L S Q:>3tOL¹9 2wA 5-/ } S 2 >?0AB/#} = S 001>[email protected] /°O / + , 8.O 9 }3;>8K2
O /¨2 /59%3 , >2 [email protected]%>Š/ 03 S <Ã8 , O -/ 5-/ Q S =/5Aj/52C3 S 9 + S:,;S Q ,;S:+ %/BDKÆ %Æ D %Æ S @49 / 031>?8K2R/503†O /w0 S ¸K8K> , 0>
}5/ 0|O%/59ɺj2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0018K2C3°O /7A / AB/ 3 € + /:Æ.Ç2RD
{ }  S:, 3 7O 5-/ } >?O /7OL -/ 3;9%O >?/ , =?/50 + , 8ÉO%9 >310O /
= S O -/ 01>?2C3 5-/ Q ,1S 3;>8K2O / 0 + >8K2 0 + , 8.O 9 > 3;0 S 9 +%, /5Å 0†OLN9%2 S } } 5-/ = -/ ,1S 3;/ 9 , Æ
2 S >?01} / S 9RO / + , 8:318K2 0‚O /
HYLWH
7L
D
NJ
7L ]
T/¡>2C3;/ ,1S QK>0101/ 2C3Š09 , 9 2 / } >?< =/O /°< -/ , €É==?>9 ARÆ) / 0 + >?8K2 0€T08K2C3\} ,.5-/ / 0 + 9%>?0t01/°O 5-/ 0>?2C3o/ Å Q , / 2435Æ
26< =>?2 O S QK/O / / , / 03tO >?0 + 8:0 -/ S ƒ[email protected] S 9¨O / =§S Å 5>?=K2L € S > 3 + =?9%[email protected] /#O / 0Š2%/59%3 , >?2%8K05Æ /50 + , 8ÉO%9 >310
OL¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>8K2yO / 0w2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0w018:243wAB>0¨/ 2 -/ ¸.>O /52 } / S Å =ML S >?O /žO /B}58K9 } %/50EOL S =?9%AB>2 >?9 Au/ 3wO /
}  S Aw< , / 0“S¡
Å -/ 3;>2 }5/ =?=/505ÆÃÀ’/50‚3 ,;S }5/50^O%/GAG9 8K2%0’018K2C3T8K<%01/ , ¸ 5-/ /50T0 S 2 0 S 9 } 9 2`01>QK2 /GO%/ + ,.-/ 01/ 2 }5/
OL 5-/ =/5} 3 , 8K2%05Æ Ä /50 ,.-/ 019 = 3 S 310·AB8K2C3 , /[email protected] /6=?/^2 / 9%3 , >?2 8jAG9 8K2%>[email protected] /^/50§3†9%2 / +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/^O > -/ , / 2431/
O 9¶2 /59É3 , >2 8 5-/ =/5} 3 , 8K2%>[email protected] / ' =/^2 /59%3 , >2 8žAG9 8K2 >@49 /T/503 S >2 01>>?O / 2431> “
-/ S Å , 8É8 4 S ¸:/52 D Æ
D
J
1 A 5 ,. H VL
RŒ
‹ ‡
‡ ‹ tŒ
/=/ + 318K2¦3 S 9 # %j/ 03“O 5-/ } 8K9%¸K/ , 3Y/ 2 D CF
DoJMÆ L¹/ºÉ>?0§3;/52%}5/ OL¹9 2 2%/59%3 , >?2%8 3 S 9 8K2 >@.9%//50§3
=?/“AB/3
S 9 001> 38: 3 + 8K0§3;9 = :-/ Æ S >?0G} /P2L¹/50[email protected]¹/52 ¾9 >?==?/3GH„IKIKI @49 /P= S } 8K=?= S <8 ,;S 31>?8K2´À ‚9 /52 -/ ¸.>?O / 2 }5/ D Æ5/50w2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0¨3 S 9 8K2 >@49 /50¨018K2C3 +%, 8.O 9 >310 + S:, 9 2 S >?0}5/ S 9yO / + , 8:318K2 0¨O /
KIKI T/ / 2C¸K8 € 5-/ 0^019 , 9 2 /¨}5>< =?/ -/ + S >?001/wO%/¨3;9%2 QK03o/5Å 2 /„ÆÀ S 2%0‚} /50†} 8K2 O > 3;>8K2 00/59 =/50†=/50 +ƒS:, È
3;>}59 =/50|O /‚3 , /5Å 0 }58K9 , 3;/’O%9 ,.-/ /’O /†¸.>?/‚8K2C3=/731/5A + 0O /’0/†O -/ 01>243 5-/ Q , / ,·S ¸ S 2C3·OL¹>?2C31/ ,;S QK> , Æ Ä /†@.9%>
+ / , Aj/ 3†O / +%, >¸.>= 5-/ Q:>?/ , = Sj+ , 8ÉO%9 } 31>?8K2 O%/ +ƒS:, = S O 5-/ 01>2C3 5-/ Q ,;S 31>?8K2RO /GA 5-/ 018:2 0 #˜}58:A + 8K0 -/ 0
O /¨[email protected] S:, 40 ' % Æ SE,.-/ S }3;>?8:2¶@49 >Aj/ 3=/^2 /59É3 , >2 8ž3 S 9 8:2 >[email protected] /^/ 2 -/ ¸É>O /52%}5/6/503»
7L
O ]
'
'
-
# DKÆNJ%
'
019%>¸.>?/EO /j= S O 5-/ 01>2C3 5-/ Q ,;S 31>?8K2 O 9´=?/ + 3;8K2 /52´=?/ + 3;8K2 '
-/ 2
=?/‚O -/ 31/5}3;/59 , /503} 8K2 0§3;>319 ’
€ 0 5-/ /
-/ O / + = S @49 / 0OL 5-/ AG9%=?01>8K2 # S 2 S = É
ƒ2 / 0}58K9%}  /50#OL S }5>/ , Æ L S 2 S =€.0/ S 0108É} > -/ /¨S Å = S‚, /5} %/ , } %
 / + ,.5-/ }
J -/ ¸ 5-/ 2%/5Aj/52C3;0#O 8K2C3°= S 3;8 + 8K=?8:QK>?/ , / @.9%>?01/ + 8K9 , = S 01>QK2 S 13 9 , /·O
8K2C3 S >2 01> -/ 3 T
-/ Aj>?0/ 2 -/ ¸.>O /52 } /:Æ
( "$( 2 6&8"$#
( 8( "
"$ ( %
/ , K
Q >?/žA S 2 @49 S 2C3;/„Æ
0 +ƒS:, = S 019%>3;/)% S = 3;/
>?01/ O /¸K/ , 3;/ º S’+ / ,
/
/50§3#0 S 31>?0 S >3;/„Æ
~Š8K9 , } /0 S > , /
, 2 5-/ / 0 S ¸K/ }^O /
AB>0\OL¹8K<%31/52 > ,
/502%/59%3 , >?2%8K0
/ 073 , 8K>02 /59É3 , >2 8K0O -/ }58K9%¸:/ , 3;0 S 9R0> /5Å } =?/^O / , 2 >/ , 8K2C3 +ƒS:, 3;>/^>?2C3 -/ Q ,;S 2C31/6O%9RAj8ÉO/5Å =?/^0§3 S 2.È
O S:, O¡O /R= S + C€.01>[email protected] /O /50 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 05Æ Ä /Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/ + / , AB/3“O /¶O -/ } , > , /R=?/50 +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/5088K2 O S È
Aj/52C3 S =/50j/ 3“=?/59 , 0“>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2%05Æ =}58KA + , / 2 O DF +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ 008:2 O S Aj/52C3 S =?/50 ,.-/ +ƒS:, 3;>?/ 0“/ 2 H
Q , 8K9 + /50»C=/50 / , AB>8K2 0 #˜@49 S„, 40#/ 3°=?/ + 3;8K2%0 %}58K2%03;> 3;9 S 24310#O /‚= S A S 3;> / Å , //3°=?/50#<8K018:2 0¸K/5}3;/ 9 , 0
O / 08 , } /50# QK9 , /wDKÆ %Æ / 0 / , AB>8K2 0 08K2C3 , / Q , 8K9 + 5-/ 0·/ 2
S AB>=?=/505Æ/ 0·<Ã8K08K2 0·08K2C3·=?/ 0 +ƒS:, È
3;>}59 =/50A 5-/ O%> S 3 , >?} /50O%/50 8 , } /50»ƒ=/50 + %8:3;8K2%0 + 8K9 , = S 8 , }5/ 5-/ =/5}3 , 8:A S Q:2 -/ 31>[email protected] /É=?/ 0<Ã8:018K2 0 / 3 + 8K9 , = S 8 , }5/ S >< =?/’/3=?/ 07Q:=?9 8K2%0 + 8K9 , = S 8 , } / 8 , 31/:Æ
À S 2 0°=?/7Aj8ÉO/ Å =?/03 S 2 O S„, O.=?/ 0|2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0|2L¹8K2C3 + S 0 O /‚A S 0101/4018K2C30§3 S <%=?/50|/ 3 5-/ =?/ } 3 , >[email protected] / AB/ 2C3
2 / 9%3 , /505Æ =?0·8:243‚9 2¶0 + >2 D HG/ 3‚9 2 /T 5-/ =>?} >3 ^
-/ Q S 9 }  /„Æ =02 /T018K2C3 +ƒS 07}58K9 + = 5-/ 0 S 9.º¶QK=?9 8:2 0 /3
2L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S Q:>?010/52C3 S ¸:/5}w=/50 S 9%3 , /50 +ƒS:, 3;>?} 9 =?/ 0‚O%9Aj8ÉO/ Å =?/T03 S 2 O S„, [email protected] / +ƒS:, >?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>?8:2 0 S >?< =/
}:L¹/50§3 S Å O > , / +ƒS„, -/ }  S 2 QK/O /R<8K08K2 0 8:
9 ¨Æ°À S 2 0ž3;8:9%3;/ 0“=?/ 0B>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2%0BO -/ } , >3;/ 0 +ƒS„,
=?/6Aj8ÉO/ Å =?/603 S 2 O S:, O=?/w2%8KAG< , /¨=/ + 318K2 >[email protected] /¨/50§3^}58K2%01/ , ¸ :-/ Æ ¿ >?2 0>Š=/50‚2 /59%3 , >2 8K0†08K2C3†318K9¾8K9 , 0
S 0018.}5> -/ 08#8K9 + , 8ÉO%9 >310 +ƒS„, %7O%/50†=/ + 318K2 0‚}  S:, Q 5-/ 0†O%/w= S A /5 Aj/ S Aj>?==?/%8K9 +%, 8.O 9 >310‚/ 2 +ƒS > , / 0
+ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/‚È S 2C3;> È +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/:Æ
/^2 8KAG< , /^O / S Aj>?==?/ 0°O%/^2 /59%3 , >2 8K0·/50§3O -/ 31/ , AB>2 ^
-/ O / + 9 >?0·=/50Aj/509 , / 07O%/^= S A S 010/^/ 3O /^= S
O 9 ,.5-/ /7O /·¸.>?/O 9j<Ã8K08K
2 ,.-/ S =?>0 5-/ / 0 S 9 Ä Ç°Á +ƒS:, =?/ 0#/º +|-/ , >?/ 2 }5/ 0 + = S } -/ /50 S 9 + , /5Å 0°O 9"tÇ#~ Æ
/^<Ã8:018K
2 + / 9%301/^O 5-/ 01>2C3 5-/ Q , / , / 2
É/ 30 S O 9 ,.5-/ /TO /’¸.>/^O >?Aj>?249 /’0>=?/†2 8KAG< , /^O / S Aj>?==?/
» S ¸K/ } = S = S:, Q:/59 , 2 S 319 , / =?=/·O /
S 9 Q:AB/ 2431/:Æ.Ç2“/ /3)401/ =?8K2j=?/ + , >?2 } > + /·OLN>2 }5/ , 31>3;9%O /
= ST+ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/7/
3 B0 S O 9 ,.5-/ /†O%/7¸.>?/„Æ.Ç#2“8K< 01/ , ¸ S 2C3= S O >?0§3 , >< 9%31>?8K2žO 92%8KAG< , /‚OL -/ ¸ -/ 2 /5Aj/52C3;0 /52
8K2 }3;>8K2BO%/‚=ML -/ 2 / , QK>?/>?2%>3;> S =?/ S 9%3;8:9 , O /†= S A S 001/†O%
9 # %D H ^/  % 48K2 S }5}:/5Å O /jS Å 0 S O 9 ,.5-/ /‚O /
¸.>?/„Æ ¿ >?2 0>=?/ 0‚Aj/509 , / 0‚/ / } 3;9 5-/ /50 + / , Aj/ 3131/52C3‚OLN8:<%3;/ 2 > , =?/T2 8:AG< , /6O / S Aj>?=?=/50|O /¨2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0
KM
9J
H ]
U O
'9#&":)kG,LONPH"$#&Q1-JGH'\D(3D :"!l"$b8G&#H'\D; -Jb
:W $#jRTU (UJVA(W(WWX8Z&%('*),+.-0/213-54768):9*;<=9*>@?A68?B9C;D459*1A1E?BFG-7)7H
M
D
NM
M 0 " 0$" &$ - $ ,"32$ 7 3 " *+"1> 92)3;2 33 "*U 7$0"I3 ",P2& - $ *+", ",
/T2& - $ *+", .0 2,$./ ".", " " & T 7$ 2.(" *+" /) T L" 45 ..T *+" ", /T
" /).",." 0" DKÆ
@49 >/50§3
NHVH
-/ Q S =|S Å H>
TS
TI NI%DKÆ
WJ
/^Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/†03 S 2 O S:, O , /5A + 8 , 3;/’9%2¶Q ,;S 2 OY09 }5}:/5Å 07O S 2 0= S O%/501} , > + 3;>8K2PO /50 +ƒS„, 3;>}59 =/50·/3O /
=?/ 9 , 0>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2%05Æ S >?0= S }58:=?= S <Ã8 ,1S 3;>8K2 { 9 + / , ! S Aj>?8 S 2%O / H ^ S Aj>?0Š/52 -/ ¸.>O /52 } /= L¹8K01} >?=?= S È
3;>8K2w/ 2C3 , /|O /59.ºG0 S ¸:/59 , 0O / 2%/59%3 , >?2%8K05ÆLN/ º%>031/52 } /O / =MLN8:01}5>=?= S 3;>8K2^>?A + =?>@49 /@49 /=?/ 0Š2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0
S >/52C379 2 /TA S 0101/62 8K2¶249 =?=/:Æ { >=?/50 -/ 3 S 310 +%, 8 + , /507O /60 S ¸K/ 9 , 2%/¨08K2C3 +ƒS 07=/50 -/ 3 S 3;0 + , 8 + , /507O /
A S 010/·=?/ 0 -/ 3 S 3;0YO /´0 S ¸K/ 9 , 0 + / 9%¸K/ 243 / 3 , / A -/ = S 2%Q 5-/ 0 / 3¶= L¹8K0}5>?== S 31>?8K2¦O / ¸.>/52C3 + 8K001>?<%=?/:Æ =
2L¹/ºÉ>?0§3;/6/52 } 8 , /[email protected] /6O /50=>?Aj>3;/ 0 09 , =?/50A S 010/50O / 072%/59%3 , >?2%8K0 D K»
M
J
M %
E/ Â
M % ITS DO0R/ Â
M % DOTS HR/ Â
À’/ + = 9 ^
0 = S @49 / 03;>8K2´O /ž0 S ¸K8K> , 10 >=/50^2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0^08K2C36O /E3 € + /" S ¾8 1, S 2 S #˜=/G2 / %
9 3 , >?2 Y
8 /50§360 S
/ 0§3;/E8K9%¸:/ , 3;/:ÆÀ’/50^/º +|-/ , >5
/ 2 } /50TO /EO -/ 01>?2C3 5-/ Q ,1S 3;>8K2
+ , 8 + , / S 2431> È +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/)%8K9`O%/w3 € + /jÀ’> ,1S } , 5
O 8K9%< =?/ DF O / ¸ ,;S >?/52C3 S:+ + 8 , 3;/ , 9%2 / ,.-/ + 8K2 0/:Æ
/j2 /59É3 , >2 8/ 03w9 2 / + S:, 31>?}59%=?/ž@49 >|Q S:, O /j/52%}58 , /“< >/52yO%/50wA¨€É0§3o/ Å , /50w/52y} /“@49 >°}58K2%}5/ , 2 /
0 S A S 010/E8K9 0 S 2 S 319 , /„Æ, =/50§3T2 -/ S 2 AB8:>?2 0 + ,.5-/ 0/52C36O S 2 0T9 2 Q ,1S 2 O 2 8KAG< , /EO /EO 8:A S >2 /50†O /
+ C€.01>@.9%/» >?=} 8K2 }5/ , 2 /ž= S+ C€É0>[email protected] /j249 }5= -/ S > , /E/ 3T= S+ C€.01>[email protected] /jO / 0 + S:, 31>?}59%=?/50 >?=Š/52C3 , /ž/52¾/59
O S 2%07= S }58K0AB8K=8KQK>/.>?=/ 0379 2¶} S 2 O%>?O S 3 + 8K9 , = S A S 31> / Å , /’2 8:> , /EÆ Æ ÆN/3;}:Æ
À’/ + =9 0 +ƒS:, 0 S 2 S 3;9 , / S >?< =/5Aj/52C3>2C3;/ ,1S QK>010 S 2431/ 0§3 S <%=?/^/ 32%/59%3 , /ƒ>= S:+%+ƒS:,;S 3} 8KAjAB/’9%2 /
+ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/ + , > ¸.>?= -/ QK> -/ / + 8K9 , 08K2 O / , =ML 2 >¸:/ , 05Æ Ç2 } /ž01/52%0= L S 0§3 , 8:2 8KAj>?/G2 / 9%3 , >?2 >@49 /E/50§3¨9%2 /
O >01}5> + =?>2 /[email protected] > + 8K9 ,1,;SPS„+ + 8 , 3;/ , 0 S } 8K2C3 , >?< 9%31>?8K2¡S Å 2%8:3 , /G}58KA + ,.5-/  / 2 01>8K2 O /E= L 2 > ¸K/ , 0’/3TO /
018:2 -/ ¸K8K=9%3;>8K2Æ
¥
ª
kŠZ_#Vjf
HVM
VjŸ
h5[
r
c.d§rGhoa
[
a
[
«*[^]Z_°h5f
VBk
Ä ¹L /50§3^/52 D :J“@49 / S  } S =?= / 3^À S ¸.>0‚09 QKQ / Å , /52C3TOL¹8K< 0/ , ¸K/ , = /50‚2 /59%3 , >2 8K0 +%, 8.O 9 >310 + S:, = /
{ 8K=/5>= Æ 2“O -/ 3;/5}3;/ 9 , 5
} 8:2 031>3;9 †
-/ O / + =?9%0|O / KIKIT3;8K2 2%/50 O%/731/ 3 ,1S }  =8 , 8 -/ 3;C€.= / Å 2 /†/ 03 + = S } ‚
-/ O S 2 0
9 2 /7Aj>?2 /OL¹8 , O 9À S „8:3 S S Å ½78KAj/503 S :/„Æ/ 0|2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0|08K= S > , / 0#3 ,;S 2%01AG9%31/52C3|=?/ Ä = /52 ¿ ,
M
DF
,;S O >?8 S } 3;> Æ /¨} 8KA + 3 S Q:/¨O / 0†2 8 € S 9ɺROL ¿ , Q:8K2 S >2 01>,8 , A -/ 0 + / , AB/3†OLN8K<É3;/52%> , =?/62 8KAG< , /6O /
2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0 -/ =?/5}3 , 8K2 >[email protected] / 0 S € S 2C36>?2C3;/ ,;S QK>\O S 2 06=?/EO >0 + 8K01> 3;> Æ/50 + , /5Aj>?/ , 0 ,.-/ 019 = S 3;0^Aj8K2C3 , /52C3
9 2 O -/ ƒ}5> 3 S Q ,1S 2C3EO /P2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0 +%, 8.O 9 >310GO S 2%0E=?/ { 8:=?/5>= +ƒS„,G,;S:+%+ 8 , 3S Å }5/[email protected] /P= S 3; -/ 8 , >/
+ ,.5-/ O > 3oÆ Ä /6O -/ }5>3 S:+ + /5= -/ =?/ +%, 8K< = /5Å Aj/^O /5072 / 9%3 , >?2 8K008K= S > , / 0
+ 8:9 ,1,1S >3/ 3 , /T/ º + =?>[email protected] -/ +ƒS„,
=?/ +  -/ 2 8KAR/5Å 2 /·OL¹8K0}5>?== S 31>?8K2TO / 02 /59É3 , >2 8K0 ÆKÀ’/ 2%8KAG< , /59 0/50#/º +|-/ , >?/ 2 }5/ 0018K2C3#O -/ ¸K/ =?8 + +|5-/ /50 +ƒS„,
= S 019 > 3;/:9%3;>=?>?0 S 2C3\O%/50}5>< =?/ 0O / + =9 0/ 2 + =?9 0Q ,;S 2 O%/50 S ƒ2žO / , /5} 9 /5>=?=?> , 9 2 + =?9 0\Q ,;S 2%OE2 8KAG< , /
O /701>QK2 S 319 , / 0 O 9 +ƒS 010 S QK/‚O /‚2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0|O S 2 0 O%/50 Q S ABAj/50#OL 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/ + =?9 0 -/ 31/52 O%9 /50 D ^ D MÆ
/50 + , /5Aj>?/ , 0 2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0 + , 8¸:/52 S 2437OL¹9 2 /^08K9 , }5/^/º.3 ,;S È 018K= S > , /‚08K2C3O -/ 31/5} 3 5-/ 0·/ 2´D CF +ƒS„, =?/ 0
/º +|-/ , >/52 } /50 : # { ¿ % ! S AB>8 S 2 O / # ¼ S:+ 8K2 %·/ 3 S 40 S 2 #˜Á79 001>/&% H:I^ HÉD(< HKHMÆ
2 /
¿
{
¸.>?2 Q„3 S >2 /·O /72 /59%3 , >2 8K0°018K2C3|O -/ 31/5} 3 5-/ 0|/52 +%, 8 ¸K/ 2 S 2 } /’O /7= S 019 + / , 2 8 ¸ S
6D CF C01> 3;9 -/ /‚O S 2 0
=?/
,;S 2%O 79 S QK/jO /" S Q:/5=?= S 2Æ Ä /3131/BO -/ 3;/ } 3;>8K2 , /50§3;/`S Å } /^¾8K9 , = S 01/59%=?/žO -/ 31/5}3;>?8:2yO /ž2 / 9ÉÈ
3 , >?2 8:07/ º.3 ,;S È 018:= S > , /50·A S >0·>?=/50§3‚3 , / Å 0 + , 8K< S <%=?/[email protected] /¨OL S 9É3 , /6018:9 , } /50†} 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0O /¨2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0
/ºÉ>03;/ 2C3oÆÇ=?=?/ 0·O / ¸ ,1S >?/ 243/ 3 , /TO -/ 3;/ } 3 -/ /50‚O S 2 09 2 S ¸K/52%> ,7S 010/ + , 8.}  /„Æ
#B
ED
HVO
\]
HVO
O H
NJ
/ j
0 08K9 , }5/50 + 8:3;/ 2431>?/ =?=?/ 0GO P
/ 2 / 9%3 , >?2 :
8 0E018K2C3 + .
2 0j=/ ƒ
, -/ 01/ 243 5-/ / 0“O S %
+ S:,1S Q ,1S:+  /`DKÆ %Æ H
9 2 /T} K
8 9 , 31/TO /50} , > + 3;>8K2YO /507A 5-/ } S 2 ?> 0AB/ 0·O / + , 8.O 9 } 3;>?8:2¶O%/5072 /5%
9 3 , >2 8K5
0 Æ
!
2$1 &8#"
S:+ , / Å 0
( "$( 2 6&8"$
/ 072%/59%3 , >?2%8K0 + / 9%¸K/ 243 / 3 , / + , 8.O 9 > 3;0·O S 2 0O > -/ , /52C3;/ 0‚>2431/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 0 »
M
L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S } 3;>?8:2“O ’
/  S O , 8:2 0 09 , 9 2 /†}5>?<%=?/ #˜2 8 € S 9P8K9 +  8„3;8K2 % + , 8.O 9 > 3 O%/50 + >8K2 °
0 }  :
S , Q 5-/ 0
O 8:243= S O 5-/ 0>?2C3 -/ Q ,;S 31>?8K2 + , 8.O 9 > 3 9%2 AG9 8K2s/ 3 9%2 2 /59É3 , >2 8 G
A 9%8K2 >[email protected] /„Æ / G
A 9 8K2 0 /
O -/ 01>243o/5Å Q , T
/ /52 -/ ?= / } 3 , 8K2Y/ 372 / 9%3 , ?> 2 8K0 -/ =?/5}3 , 8K2 >[email protected] /^/37AG9 8K2 >@49 / »
'
H -
H
'
'
H
M
'
/ '
'
/
'
'
'
'
ÆÆÆ
'
À S 2%0¨O / 0wAj>?=>?/59.º`O / 2 10 / 0E8 Å9 = S 31/5A + -/ ,1S 3;9 , /“/ 03w3 , / Å 0 5-/ =/ ¸ 5-/ /Š} K
8 AjAB/jO 9 1, S C
2 3G= L¹/ Ã8K2ÉÈ
O , /5Aj/52C37O 9¶}58./59 , OL¹9 2 / -/ 318K>?=/’A S 0101> ¸K
/ ƒO /5072 /59É3 , >2 8K0 + /59%¸:/52C3 / 3 , / +%, 8.O 9 >13 0/52Y3 , / Å 0
Q ,1S 2 OY2 8KAw< , / +ƒS:, =/50 + , 8É} /50109 07OL S < 018 ,+ 3;>8K2Y/ 3 5-/ Aj>?001>8K2^»
'
/
'
/ -
-
8K9 + 8:9 , 3;8K9%31/50=?/ 0·0 S ¸K/ 9 , 0‚O /T2 /59É3 , >2 8K0
M
/ '
/
'
'
+ƒS:,S 2 2%>? >= S 31>?8K2BO / + 8K0>3 , 8K2ÉÈ 5-/ =/5} 3 , 8K2^»
-
'
À S 2%0°O%/50 / º.3;/52%01>?8:2 0 O 9 R8.O/5Å =/ { 3 S 2 O S:, O +ƒS„, / º%/ A + =?/O S 2 0°}5/ , 3 S >?2 / 0|} 8K2 O > 3;>8K2 0#O 9
Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/†019 + / , 0€.A -/ 3 , >[email protected] /=ML S 2%2 >? >= S 31>?8K2žO / +ƒS„, 3;>}59 =/50·} 8KABAj/’=/^2 /59%3 ,;S =>?2 8 #
5%
'
} 8K2 031>319 S 2C3 + 8:0101>< =?/PO%/¶= S A S 3;> / Å , /2%8K> , / + /59%3 + , 8ÉO%9 > , /PO /50ž2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0ž8K<%01/ , ¸ S < =?/ 0
O S 2 0O /503 -/ =?/50}58 + /50} 8KABAj/-0/,1>2 4,6 7 H„J H MÆ
Ä /313;/·08K9 , }5/ + 8:0101>< =?/ O /·2 /59É3 , >2 [email protected] > , /5= / Å ¸K/·O%9jAj8.O/5Å =/ 019 + / , 0€.A -/ 3 , >[email protected] /2 /·0/ ,1ST+ S 0
O -/ 3 S >=?= 5-/ / + =9 0·=?8:2 QK9 / AB/ 243O S 2 0}5/TO 8.}59 Aj/52C35Æ
VL
O
D
/50 S 9%3 , /50w08K9 , }5/50 + 8:31/52C3;>/5=?=/506O /“2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0w08K2C3 + ,.-/ 01/ 243 5-/ / 0jO S 2 w
0 =/ ƒ
+ S„,;S Q ,1S:+  /j019%>¸ S 2C3
0 S 9w=/50P09 , 0 S 9%3;0¶Q S j
A A S @49 > 8K2C3Y= L¹8K<.¾/3YOL¹9 2 / O 5
/ 0} , > + 31>?8K2 O -/ 3 S >=?= -/ /O S 2 Y
0 =?/3 , 8K>01> / Å AB/
}  S:+ >3 , /:Æ
" ( 2 56&"$
2 1 (/ ,. 5( " !& ( /( ( $
5 7 5 ( 5 + ( ( ; ., ( ( )C 5 ;=5 S <5 C 5 ,.
Q ]
Œ
‹‡
Œ
‘
‡
K‡
‹
tŒ
‹Œ
Œ
‹
tŒ
L 5-/ Aj>?001>?8:2Q S = S } 31>[email protected] /6O /50 +  8:318K2 0†O%/G S 9%31/ 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/ #
D T/Â%7/ 03^<%>?/52AB/ 019 ,.5-/ /:ÆÇ=?=?/
+ , 8¸.>/52C3†O%/w= S O -/ 01>?2C3 5-/ Q ,1S 3;>8K2RO%/50 + >?8K2 072 / 9%3 , /50 +%, 8.O 9 >310 +ƒS:, = L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>?8:2¶O%/50 ,1S €K8K2 0‚}58K0 È
Aj>[email protected] /506019 , = S A S 3;> / Å , /ž>?2C31/ , 0§3;/ =?= S > , /„Æ ~ S:,1S =?= /5Å =/5Aj/52C3 S 9ɺ + >?8:2 0¨2%/59%3 , /50 \O / 0 + >8K2 06}  S:, Q 5-/ 0
018:243 + , 8ÉO%9 >310`/ 3´=?/ 9 , O 5-/ 0>?2C3 -/ Q ,;S 3;>?8:2 } 8K2 0§3;>319 / + , 8:< S < =/5Aj/52C3 9 2 / 018:9 , } / O%/ 2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0
Q S = S }3;>@.9%/50 Æ / ƒ9.º¶O /¨} /50‚2 /59%3 , >2 8K0 # ƒ9ɺ¶O%>Ã9 0 %·O 8K> 3019 > ¸ , /¨9%2 /w=8K>O / + 9 >010 S 2 }5/¨O 8K2C3
= L¹>?2%O >?} /‚0 + / } 3 ,1S = + 8K9 ,,;S > 3 / 3 , /†}58:A +ƒS„,;S < =/žS Å = L¹>?2 O >}5/70 + /5}3 ,;S =O 9 ƒ9.ºO / ,;S €K8:2 0·}58K0AB>@49 /50 Æ
/ 9ɺ¦O /2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0B09 >¸ ,;S >3 S =?8 , 0ž9 2 /R=?8K>·/ 2
 #0/5AG< = S < =/ S Å }5/ =?=?/nS Å = S @49 / =?=?/P8:< 5-/ > 3
=?/ ƒ9ɺ O / ,;S €K8:2 0G}58:01Aj>[email protected] /50¨8K< 0/ , ¸ -/ 09 , / ,, /„Æ =#01/ ,;S O S 2%0w}5/B} S 0 + ,;S 3;>[email protected] / AB/ 2C3w>A + 8K0§È
01>< =?/žO /BO -/ 31/5}3;/ , }5/ 0G2 /59É3 , >2 8K0 S ¸K/5}B=?/ž3 -/ =?/50}58 + / -0/,13254,6 7 H ^MÆ { >°=?/50 ,;S €:8K2 0w} 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0
018:243 S } } 5-/ = -/ ,.5-/ 0 +ƒS:, =?/TA 5-/ } S 2 >?0AB/^O / *ƒ/ , AB>%=?/ 9 , 0 + /5}3 , / + 8K9 ,1,1S >3/ 3 , /¨/ 2
 Æ~Š8K9 , 9 2Y3;/ =
0 + /5}3 , /“O /j2 /59É3 , >2 8K0 t=/ž2 8KAG< , /BOL -/ ¸ -/ 2 /5Aj/52C310G01/ ,;S > 3 + =?9 06>?A + 8 , 3 S 243T/3 + 8K9 ,1,;S >36O / ¸:/52 > ,
O -/ 3;/5}3 S <%=?/:Æ+/ 0 ,1S €:8K2 06}58K0AB>@49 /50 + /59%¸:/52C3 -/ Q S =?/ AB/ 2C3T>?2C3;/ ,;S QK> , 019 , =/ 8K2 O´}58K0AB8:=?8KQK>@49 /
+ 8K9 ,·+ , 8ÉO 9%> , /^O%/5072 /59%3 , >2 8K0·018:9 0 8 , Aj/^O / ƒ9ɺYO >9%05Æ
À’/¶A S 2%> / Å , /RQ 5-/ 2 -/ ,;S =/#=?/ 0 ,.-/ QK>?8:2 0BO%/52 0/50O /= S Q S = S º%>/ + / 9%¸K/ 243 / 3 , /R} 8K2 01>O -/ ,.5-/ / 0}58KAjAj/
O / 0·}5>?<%=?/50 019 , =/[email protected] / =?=/50=/50 ,1S €:8K2 0·} 8K01Aj>[email protected] / 0¸K8K2C3 + 8K9%¸K8:> , >2431/ ,1S QK> , / 3 +%, 8.O 9 > , /’O / 0 + >?8K2%0
}  S:, Q 5-/ 0 /3 ƒ2 S =?/5Aj/52C3‚O /50†2 /59%3 , >2 8K05Æ / { 8:=?/5>=<ƒ=/¨} /52C3 , /GQ S = S } 31>[email protected] /68K9=/ + = S 2Q S = S }3;>[email protected] /
018:243†O /50 ,.-/ QK>?8K2%0‚O / 2 01/ 0’@49 >t018K2C3’O%/50†08K9 , }5/50 + 8:0101>< =?/ 05Æ S ƒQ:9 , /BDKÆ F + ,.-/ 01/ 2431/GO / 0†/50§3;>A S È
3;>8K2 0·O /T} /50 ƒ9ɺ + 8K9 , =/ { 8K=?/ >?=%=?/ + = S 2PQ S = S }3;>[email protected] /^/37=?/ 8K2 OYO >9%0·}58K0AB8K=8KQK>@.9%/:Æ
B
ED
N*
WM
N
+ (AS ; ( 5 (
Œ
Œ
‹
‹ Œ
/ 0^0€.03o/5Å Aj/50T< >?2 S > , /50†0/E}58KA + 8K01/ 243’OLN9%2´8:<.¾/ 3^} 8KA +ƒS } 3} 8KABAj/w9%2 / -/ 318K>?=/YS Å 2 / 9%3 , 8K2
8K9 9 2n3 , 8K9 2%8K> , S } }58KA +ƒS Q:2 -/ OL¹9 2 / -/ 3;8K>=?/j2 8 , A S =/:Æ5#L¹8K<.¾/3E}58:A +ƒS } 3 S } } , / Å 3;/P= S A S 3;> / Å , /
O /G=ML -/ 3;8K>=?/^8 , O >?2 S > , /¨/3 8 , AB/69 2 O >[email protected] /GOL S } } ,.-/ 3;>8K2 S 9É3;8K9 , O /w=9 > ÆÀ’/ 0#¾/ 310’01/8 , Aj/52C3†O /
}  S @49 /Y}8: 3 -/ O%9 + = S 2nO%9 O%>[email protected] / + / ,1+ /52%O >?} 9 = S > , / AB/ 243¶S Å }5/ =?9 > È }5>MÆtÀ S 2 0G} /50‚¾/ 310E=?/ 0 +ƒS:, 3;> È
}59%=?/50 + 8K9 ,,;S >/52C3/ 3 , / S } } -/ = -/ ,.5-/ / 0žS Å O /^3 , /5Å 0· S 9%3;/ 0 -/ 2 / , QK>?/ 05Æ { >O /50 +ƒS„, 3;>}59 =/50 S O , 8:2 >[email protected] / 0€
018:243 S } } 5-/ = -/ ,.5-/ /50 Ã=/59 , >2431/ ,1S } 31>?8K2YO S 2%0‚=/¾/378K9 S ¸K/ }w= S A S 31> / Å , /^/52C¸.> , 8K2 2 S 2C31/ + , 8ÉO%9 > ,1S O%/50
2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0 Æ
1 3+ 5 5 ( 5<C 5 (
]
¶‡
‹
Œ
‹Œ
- 82" =2*U - -# $ - *+" / 0^Q S = S º%>/50ES Å 2 8 € S 9 S }3;> # ¿ + 8K9 ,
:%‚08K2C3TO /50^Q S = S ºÉ>/507O 8K2C3
= L 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/3;8„3 S =/ ,;S €K8:2 2 5-/ /R/50§3B2%/ 3131/5Aj/52C3B019 +|-/ , >/59 , / S Å = L 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/ 5-/ Aj>?0/PO S 2 0ž=/¸É>01>< =?/ +ƒS„,
= L¹/52%01/5Aw< =?/·O / 0 -/ 3;8:>?=?/ [email protected] >ƒ= S } 8KA + 8K0/52C3oÆ Ä / 0#Q S = S º%>/50 -/ AB/3131/52C3 S 9 010>ƒ< >?/ 2žO S 2 0=MLN>2 ,;S:, 8K9 QK/
@49 /’O S 2 0=?/‚O 8KA S >?2%/ ,1S O >?8  8K9 wÆ À S 2%0 =?/‚O 8KA S >?2%/‚O / 0 ,;S €:8K2 0
/ =?=/50 0/’} S„,;S }3 -/ , >?0/52C3
+ƒS:, 9%2 / -/ AB>010>?8K2P>2431/52 0/T=?8.} S =>?0 -/ /’O S 2%07= SE,.5-/ Q:>?8K2P} /52C3 ,1S =?/TO /T= S Q S = S ºÉ>/:Æ
/‚} /52C3 , /‚O%/‚} /50 Q S = S ºÉ>/50/50§3 9%2B3 , 8K9j2 8K> , 09 + / , A S 001> #§D I S Å D I % S }5} ,.-/ 3 S 2C3 9%2 /‚@49 S 2ÉÈ
3;> 3 ž
-/ O /jA S 3;> / Å , /E} 8K2 01>O -/ ,1S < =/ # D InS Å D IKI +ƒS:,¨S 2 % Æ ¿ = S A S 2 > / Å , /jO%/5060€.03o/5Å Aj/50w<%>?2 S > , / 0
}5> 3 -/ 0 + ,.-/ } 5-/ O%/5AjAB/ 243 O / 9ɺw¾/ 310·>?2C3;/ 2 01/ 0/ 3·¸ S:, > S < =/50 #O S 2 0·=/’} S 0·O /50 ¿ % 08K2C3 5-/ Aj>?0 + / , È
+ /52 O >}59 = S > , /5Aj/52C3 S 9 + = S 2PO 9¶O >?0@.9%/¨OL S } } ,.-/ 3;>8K2Æ
Sw+ 9 >010 S 2 }5/ ,;S €K8K2%2 5-/ / + S:, } /50·8K<.¾/3;0/ 03 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?> / Å , / AB/ 2C3 -/ =?/ ¸ -/ /»D I S Å D I / , Q 0/ 3 S >3
O / 0 ¿ ¡9%2EO /50 +  5-/ 2 8KA¶/5Å 2%/50=?/ 0 + =9 0Š¸.>?8:=?/52C310O /=ML 2 >¸:/ , 0 :8K<%01/ , ¸ S < =?/ 0019 , O / 3 , /5Å 0Q ,1S 2 O / 0
!F
JF
]
H
D
]
M * $ ", ", 3 " " $%&./),732$ /T2 * 0 " - 3 ", A2; T6-,. 7$0",P $%
3 ", ," 2 TP3 " T.", -,!"J*+" /)*U2.;2*U - 7$ " *+"J>@*+" * $1 $% *+" )3R-,. !*+ 27$0"
" G$ 3 ",6" $%&.12 !. /0p" &7$ ", ", j" ;2*+" !" 0" /).",." 0" DKÆ F
O > 03 S 2 }5/ 0 #O 5-/ } S = S QK/50^¸K/ , 0T=?/ , 8K9 QK/E09 +|-/ , >?/ 9 , 0PS Å D %Æ / 0 ¾/ 3;0 + , 8ÉO%9 >?0/52C36O /50 +  8„3;8K2 0TO S 2 0
=?/¨O 8KA S >?2%/¨Q S ABA S @49 > + / 9%¸K/ 2C3"/ 3 , /GO -/ 31/5}3 5-/ 0 + S:, =/50†3 5-/ =?/ 01} 8 + / 0 Ä / , /52 „8¸ S 9`018:=<}58KAjAj/
O S 2%0w=?/j} S 0wO / 0w2 8 € S 9ɺ S } 3;>0¨O%/50wQ S = S ºÉ>/50 + , 8.}  /50 42 :I%Dj/ 3wJ4HÉD # I NI :JR/ 3wI I %D
, / 0 + /5}3;>¸:/5Aj/52C3 % Æ
8K9 0w=/5062 8 € S 9.ºyO%/“Q S = S ºÉ>?/E2 /B018K2C3 +ƒS 0 S } 31>05Æ { / 9 =?0wH ±=/j0/ ,1S >?/ 2435Æ ¿ 9y} /52C3 , /O /j2 8:3 , /
Q S = S ºÉ>?/%= S Â#8:>?/ S }3 5-/ /ƒ01/^3 , 8K9%¸:/69%2R2 8 € S 9 S } 3;9%/5=?=/5Aj/52C3 + , /50@.9%/¨>2 S } 31> Æ S 31/ , Aj>?2%8K=?8KQ:>?/
@49 >tO 5-/ } , >3‚=?/ 0‚O%> -/ , / 2C3;0‚3 € + /50‚O /w2 8 € S 9ɺ S } 31>0O /wQ S = S ºÉ>/6/ 03 S 010/ w} 8KA + =?/ º%/„Æ
2 Aj8ÉO/5Å =?/
OL¹9 2 >ƒ} S 31>?8K2 + / , Aj/ 3^O%/ , / Q , 8:9 + / , =?/ 0 +  5-/ 2 8KA¶/5Å 2%/50 }58:ABAj/w=/50†<%= S S:, 0 Ã=/50†@49 S 0 S:, 0GÆÆ Æ¹/ 3;}
01/ =?8K2R= L S 2 QK=/^OL¹8K< 01/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2¶/ 3‚= L¹>?2C3;/ 2 01> 3 T
-/ O /6= L 5-/ Aj>?001>?8:2Æ S QK9 , /jDKÆ B>=?=?9%03 , /^}5/313;/69 2 >ƒ} S È
3;>8K2Æ
=%/ ºÉ>?031/O / 9ɺEAj8ÉO/5Å =?/ 0 + / , AB/313 S 2C3O /O -/ } , > , /|=?/ 0¾/ 310 ' =MLN9 2w S O , 8K2 >[email protected] / / 3=ML S 9%3 , / 5-/ =/5}3 , 8:A S È
QK2 -/ 3;>@.9%/:Æ / 0O 8K2%2 5-/ / 0Q S AjA S / 3=/59 , 0“} 8K2C3 , / +ƒS:, 31>?/ 0 u/ 3¸.>?0>?< =/2 / + / , Aj/ 3131/52C3 + S 0
O /Y3 ,1S 2 }  / , /52C3 , /¶}5/50BO /59.º¡Aj8.O/5Å =/505Æ S ƒQK9 , /yDKÆ + ,.-/ 01/52C31/ 9 2¡0 + / } 3 , /Y3 € + >[email protected] /OL ¿ #< .2 J4H.D %Æ S + , /5Aj> / Å , / <8K010/`/50§3 S 0108É} > 5-/ / S 9 ,1S €K8K2 2%/5Aj/52C3¶0€.2 }  , 8:3 , 8K2 O%/50 5-/ =/5}3 , 8:2 0
S } } 5-/ = -/ ,.5-/ 0žO S 2 0ž=/50‚¾/ 3105Æ S O /59.º%> /5Å Aj/ + / 9%3 / 3 , /P>?2C31/ ,1+%,.-/ 3 5-/ /Y}58:ABAj/ -/ 3 S 2C3žO 9 /nS Å = S O >9ÉÈ
01>8K2 Ä 8KA + 3;8K20 2C¸K/ , 01/#AB8.O/ Å =?/ 5-/ =/5}3 , 8:A S Q:2 -/ 31>[email protected] /&%\8:9 S Å = S O 5-/ 0>?2C3 -/ Q ,;S 3;>?8:2jO%/ + >8K2 0#2 / 9%3 , /50
(
L
K
TS VJ
NO
WJ
NH
H:I
IF
]
NO
M >@-,I" 4 ** $; 20!* $ 0 P-A
3 ",32 " " 0 &/0",3 " 22$L -
&13" "/)$%;+2,*U7 2 "-," ." /T*+2 & 7"P$0"#$.*U/ 4" .&" $ $%,-," "1",$!J33 ""
/)* $; 257*+"=/)$ +,72-," /T2 " " " $ " " I $ 820!* 2 2*+"3 " 8.$0" 3 " * 25 ." &8
" $% DKÆ
KH
M > /0",- " 3 $ G &/)7$0" @ /)" " ,"5 .,." ", 2 &57$I"." 2$
2 0" !" 0 -, 3 ", " *+",- T -,-g" *" ,",!3;2T *+", E" @ 3 " $ " !" 5 .,."R/0" $
" " " /)* 7$I"."4/T2*U 32 =$; /) 082" ." !73 " *+" " *+",- ,4 2 " 7$ " $/T2*U
3 ", 0" 2A2 3 ", /) T " $%", !73 " *+" T;3207$0" D:Æ
#˜Aj8.O/5Å =/’ S O , 8K2 >@.9%/&%Æ #L¹8K< 0/ , ¸ S 3;>?8:2¶O%/^2 /59%3 , >2 8K0 S 0018.}5> -/ 0
9 2 /†>?2 O >} S 31>?8K2j}58:24¸ S >2 } S 2431/^/52 S ¸K/ 9 , OL¹9 2PAj8ÉO/5Å =?/7 S O , 8K2
3;8:9 ,;S 2C3 =?/‚3 , 8K9“2 8K> , }5/ 2C3 ,;S =/ 3= S¨+%,.5-/ 0/52 } /^O /’}  S A + 0 A S Q:2
+ƒS 0 S 9ɺ +  8:318K2 0¨8K9 S 9ɺ + , 8:3;8:2 0wO /“05L 5-/ }  S:+%+ / , Æ / 0G2 /59É3
019%}5}5/ + 3;>< =?/ 0‚O%/6=/ S > , /:Æ
! - ,. 5<(65 (
J Y
‹
9 º¨¾/3;0 + / , Aj/ 33 ,1S >3
S É
>@49 /:Æ S O /52 0>3 ^
-/ O 9 +
-/ 31>[email protected] /50|>?2C3;/ 2 01/ 02 / +
, >2 8K0¨018K2C3E=/50601/59%=?/50
O T
/ O 8K2 2 / ,
= S 01A S / 2ÉÈ
/ , AB/3131/52C3
+ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 0
‡
/ †
0 Aj>?} , 8É@49 S 0 S:, 0708K2C3) S >?2%01>@49 /w=/59 , 2 K
8 A›=MLN>2 O >@.9%/ƒO / 0‚¸K/ , 0>?8K2 0 .
, -/ O 9 >31/507O /50‚@49 S 0 S„, 0
%D MÆ Ä ¨
/ 018K2C3^O / ’
0 0€.0§3o/5Å Aj/50†< >?2 S > , / 0
8 , A 5-/ 0‚OL¹9 23 , 8K9 2 8:> , OLN9%2 /GA S 010/wO /¨@.9%/[email protected] / ^
0 O >È
F
HÉD
S ?> 2 / 0|O /‚A S 0101/ 0 08K= S > , / 0 S 9%318K9 , O 9 @49 / =0/$8 , AB/9 2BO >?0@.9%/†}58:2 031>3;9 ‚
-/ O /‚A S 3;> / Å , / S:,,;S }  -/ /
S Å = L -/ 318K>?=/†}58:A +ƒS QK2 8K2 +ƒS:,S 313 ,1S } 31>?8K2YQ ,1S ¸É> 3 S 31>?8K2%2 /5==?/:Æ.À’/ 0¾/3;0018:243 -/ Q S =?/ AB/ 2C3 8 , A 5-/ 0 + / , È
+ /52 O >}59 = S > , /5Aj/52C3 S 9 + = S 2¶O 9 O >[email protected] /„ÆL¹>?2C3 -/ , / 3‚O / 0’AB>} , 8É@49 S 0 S:, 0/ 03’OL/ 3 , /63 , /5Å 0†0>?Aj>?= S > , /50
S 9ɺ@49 S 0 S„, 0·A S >?0 S ¸:/5}TO / 07} 8K2 0§3 S 2C3;/ 0O /’3;/ A + 0 + =?9 0} 8K9 , 3;/50 / 3OL/ 3 , / S 9 010> + =?9 0 + , 8.}  /50 Æ
L -/ 3;9 O%/´O%/50 +  -/ 2 8KAR/5Å 2 / 0ROL S } } ,.-/ 3;>8K2 / 3¶O / 8 , A S 31>?8K2¡O /50w¾/ 310Y/503 S } >?=>3 -/ /} S:, O /50Y8K<.È
01/ , ¸ S 31>?8K2 0BO / + =?9 0>?/59 , 0 S 2 2 -/ /5009 , =?/ [email protected] S 0 S:, 001/ ,;S AR/5Å 2 / 2C3 S Å @49 / [email protected] /50“AB>2.9É3;/50j019 , =?/ 0
Aj>?} , 8É@49 S 0 S:, 05Æ°À’/50j2 /59É3 , >2 8K0j01/ ,;S >/52C3 + , 8ÉO%9 >310B/3 + =9 01>/59 , 0B/ 031>?A S 3;>8K2 0žO 9 9ɺ 8:243 -/ 3 -/
H < ^ :
J MÆ
+ , 8 + 8:0 5-/ / 0 C8
Œ
J VJ J J
( ,. (
‡
KŒ
Œ ‡
‹
Œ
]
À / 0 ,;S €:8K2 0E}58:01Aj>[email protected] /50wO / + =9 0wO /`DoI? ^/ ›8K2C3 -/ 3 ’
-/ 8:< 01/ , ¸ 5-/ 0 Æ Ä 8KA + 3;/B31/5249 O /=MLN/ /3
!} /50 +ƒS:, 31>?} 9 =?/ 06O%8K>¸:/52C3 /
3 , / + , 8ÉO 9%>3;/ 0¨O S 2 0wO%/50 ,.5-/ Q:>?8K2 0 , / = S 31>¸:/5Aj/52C3 + , 8.}  /50 # :I S Å
D IKI + }&%Æ S >0‚=/¨2%8KAG< , /wO /¨018K9 , }5/ 0’8K< 0/ , ¸ -/ /50“S Å } /50’O%>?03 S 2 } /50†2%/ + / , Aj/ 3 +ƒS 07O / , /52 O , /
}58:A + 31/^O /508K<%01/ , ¸ S 3;>8K2 05Æ
2 /T/º + =>?} S 3;>8K2 + 8K010>?< =/ + / 9%301/^3 , 8K9%¸:/ , O S 2 0O / 0AB8.O/5Å =/50/ ºÉ8„È
3;>@49 /50G>A + =?>[email protected] S 243 +ƒS„, /ºÉ/ A + =/O / 0GO -/ S 9%3;0w318 + 8K=?8KQ:>[email protected] /5068K9nO%/50 +ƒS:, 3;>}59 =/50wA S 001>¸:/50 #=?/ 0
Aj8K2 8 + 8K=?/ 0A S QK2 -/ 3;>[email protected] / 0P/52 018K2C3¶9 2 /ºÉ/5A + =/&% , / =?>@.9%/50PO 9 >?Q. S 2 Q Æ Ä / 0 + S:, 31>?}59%=?/50P0/
O -/ 01>?2C3o/5Å Q , / ,;S >?/52C3ž/3 + , 8.O 9 > ,;S >/52C3GO%/50E2 / 9%3 , >?2 8K0w/ 3EO / 0 +  8:318K2 0EO /B3 , / Å 0E S 9%31/ 5-/ 2 / , QK>/ ^MÆ
/50·2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0 + / 9%¸K/ 2C301/ + , 8 +ƒS QK/ , 019 , O /’Q ,1S 2 O / 0·O >?0§3 S 2%}5/50·/3·>?2C31/ ,;S QK> ,°+ 8:9 , + , 8ÉO%9 > , /’=?/ 0
,;S €:8K2 07}58K0AB>@.9%/50 S 9ɺ -/ 2 / , QK>?/ 0019 +|-/ , >/59 , /50ES Å = S }58K9 + 9 , / !žÆ
]
L
]
H
¤
VBf`X7co]`kh VBf
]
L S 03 , 8K2%8KAB>/ + %8:3;8K2%>[email protected] /¨S Å  S 9%3;/ -/ 2 / , QK>?// 03#=>?Aj>3 -/ / +ƒS:, =MLN/ /3
!EÆ/[email protected] /50§3;>8K2 0#018K9.È
=?/¸ 5-/ /50 +ƒS:, =MLN/ º%>031/52 } /’O /50 ,;S €K8K2%0·}58K0AB>@.9%/50O /† S 9%31/ 5-/ 2 / , QK>/#¾9 0§3;>ƒ/52C3·=MLN/ 8 , 3 O%/’O -/ ¸:/5=8 +
+ /5Aj/52C3}58K2%01/52C31> + 8K9 , O -/ 31/5} 31/ , O / 0·2 /59%3 , >2 8K0·OL¹8 , >QK>?2%/†Q S = S } 31>[email protected] /’8:9P/º.3 ,1S È Q S = S }3;>[email protected] /„Æ Ç2
/ Ã/ 3Š= L¹8K< 0/ , ¸ S 3;>?8:26O%/°2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0 /52 + S:,;S == / Å =?/ S ¸K/ } =ML S 0§3 , 8K2 8KAj>?/Š}5= S 0101>@49 / + / , AB/313 ,;S O /°AB>/59ɺ
}58:A + , /52 O , /T=?/ 0 +  5-/ 2 8:AR/ Å 2 /5078K< 0/ , ¸ -/ 05ÆÃÀ’/ + =?9 0= S 2 S 3;9 , / S >?< =/5Aj/52C3·>2431/ ,1S QK>?00 S 2C31/ƒ03 S < =/
/ 372 / 9%3 , /TO 9R2%/59%3 , >?2%8 + / , AB/313 ,1S OL¹8K< 01/ , ¸:/ , =/50Aj>?=?>/59ɺB8 + S @49 /50 S 9ɺ +  8:3;8:2 05Æ SE+ 8:0101>< > È
=?> 3 ·
-/ O /O -/ }58K9ɸ , > , O /2 8K9%¸:/5==?/50°018:9 , } /50 / 03|9 2 /Aj8:3;> ¸ S 3;>?8:2G019 +%+ = -/ AB/ 243 S > , /GS Å = S } 8K2 0§3 , 9%} 3;>8K2
OL¹9 2Y3 5-/ =/50}58 + /S Å 2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:05Æ
HKH
M
=
&
=
¿ 9 }  S:+ > 3 , / +%,.5-/ } 5-/ O / 2C3)°2 8K9 0 S ¸K8:2 0E¸É9 @49 /Y=?/ 0 + , 8 +%, > -/ 3 -/ 0EO 9 2 /59%3 , >2 8 8K2C3EO /Y=?9 >|9 2
Aj/5010 S QK/ , 9 2 >@.9%/ + 8K9 , =ML S 03 , 8 + C€.01>@.9%/GO /G S 9%3;/ -/ 2 / , QK>?/„Æ { S 01/ } 3;>8K2`/ j} S }5/GOLN>2431/ ,1S } 31>?8K2
3 , /5Å 0 S >?< =/ S ¸K/5}63;8K9É3;/6A S 31> / Å , /ƒ=9 > + / , Aj/ 3‚O /¨05L 5-/ }  S:+%+ / , O / 0 , / QK>?8:2 0‚8 +ƒS @49 /50‚O /6= L 2 > ¸K/ , 0
/ 37OL S 33;/5>2 O , /^= S8 / ,1, /60 S 2 0 S ¸K8K> ,-/ 3 -/ S 33 -/ 2.9 ¨
-/ 8K9YO -/ ¸.> :-/ Æ
S O -/ 3;/5}3;>8K2`O /50†2 /59%3 , >2 8K0’0/ S >3‚O /GA S 2 > / Å , /w>?2%O > , /5} 31/:Æ /59 , >2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 S ¸K/5}E= S A S 3;> / Å , /
3;/ ,1, /503 , / + , 8.O 9 > 3‚9%2=?/ + 3;8:2RO S 2 0‚=ML -/ 3 S 3 ƒ2 S = Æ ¿ = L S >?O%/^O / + %8:3;8KAw9 =31> + =>?} S 3;/59 , 0É= S =?9%AB> / Å , /
+ , 8ÉO 9%>3;/ +ƒS:, / Ã/ 3 Ä / , / 2 :8 ¸ =?8 , [email protected] /E} /ž=?/ + 3;8K2`0/ +%, 8 +ƒS QK/GO S 2%06=MLN/ S 9 + / 9%3"/ 3 , /EO -/ 31/5}3 5-/ /„Æ
/†2 / 9%3 , >?2 8wAG9 8K2 >@49 /‚/ 03 + =?9 0 S }5>=?/5Aj/52C3°O -/ 3;/5}3 ^
-/ } S:, =/ +ƒS„, }58:9 , 0|O 9PAG9 8K2B>?2 O%9 >3|/50§3 + =?9%0
Q ,1S 2 [email protected] /}5/ =?9 > OLN9 2 -/ =?/5}3 , 8K2ž8K9EOL¹9 2E3 S 9Æ S 3 ,;S } /·O 9žAG9 8K2 + / , AB/3#OL¹/5031>?Aj/ , = S O > , /5}3;>?8:2
O 9E2 / 9%3 , >?2 8†>?2 } >?O / 243 + 8K9 ,S 9 ƒ2 S =O -/ 3;/ , Aj>?2 / , = S‚+ 8K01> 3;>?8:2wO /= S 08K9 , } /O /2%/59%3 , >?2%8K05Æ/ S >3
O / + 8K9%¸:8K> , O -/ 3;/ , AB>2 / , = S 018K9 , }5/^OL¹8 , >?QK>2 / S AB/ 2 B
Å S„+ + / =?/ , }5/ 0O -/ 3;/5}3;/ 9 , 0·O / 0 ˜3 5-/ =/501} 8 + /50
-/ SG
S Å 2 /59É3 , >2 8K0 Æ
LN>O 5-/ /^O%/^O -/ 31/5} 31/ , O /50·2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0·O /T S 9%31/ 5-/ 2 / , QK>/ +ƒS:, = S =?9 Aj> / Å , / Ä / , / 2 :8 ¸Y>?0019 /TO 9YAG9%8K2
>?2%O 9 >3 S -/ 3 -/ + , 8 + 8K0 5-/ /T>?=€ Sž+ =?9 0·O /TJCI S 2%0 + S:, Æ ¿ Æ S:, :8 ¸ ƒA S >?00 S Aj>?0/^/52 S:+ + => È
} S 3;>?8:2 , / + ,.5-/ 0/52C3;/¨9 2 ,.5-/ / = O -/ ¶3;/ }  2 >[email protected] /„Æ
S 0/5} 31>?8K2R/ j} S }5/GOL¹>?2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2¶2 /59%3 , >2 8„È 249 } = -/ 8K2=?/ +ƒS:, }58K9 , 0†O%9AG9 8:2/ 3†= S @49 S 2C3;> 3 6
-/ O /
Ä
Ä
=?9%AB> / Å , /
/ , /52 „8¸ + , 8.O 9 > 3;/ S 9%QKAB/ 2C3;/52C3 S ¸:/5}ž= L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/:Æ
/5= S 3;/52%O S Å S ¸:8 , >01/ , = S O -/ 3;/ } 3;>8K2
O / 0°2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0O / S 9%31/ 5-/ 2 / , QK>/:Æ S >?0=/ ƒ9ɺžO%/·2 /59%3 , >2 8K0#O 5-/ } , 8 3 S ¸K/ }‚=ML -/ 2 / , QK>?/„ÆKÀ’/ + =9 0=?/ 0
+ , 8 + , > -/ 3 5-/ 0O 9ž2 / 9%3 , >?2 [email protected] > 8K2C3#O /·=9 >%9 2jAj/5010 S QK/ ,+ , > ¸É>= -/ QK> -/ , /52 O%/52C3 0 S O -/ 31/5} 31>?8K2žO > j}5>?=/:Æ
=/503 /52/ /3 2 5-/ }5/ 010 S > , /’OL¹>?2 0§3 , 9%AB/ 2431/ , 9 2Q ,1S 2 OB¸:8K=?9%AB/.O%/†= L¹8 , O , /O 9 4A + 8K9 , ¸:8K> , =?/ 0
O -/ < 9%3;07OL¹9 2 / ,.-/ /5==?/ S 0§3 , 8:2 8KAj>?/’2 / 9%3 , >?2 >@49 /:Æ
S }58K2%03 , 9 } 31>?8K2 OL¹9 2 O -/ 31/5}3;/59 , O%/P= S 3 S >?=?=/BO%9 4A O 8:>3 / 3 , / +%,.5-/ } 5-/ O -/ /ROL -/ 3;9 O / 0žO / S > È
0 S < >?=>3 „-/ Æ ¿ ¸K/5}B0 S 019 , S }5/j/ Ã/5}3;> ¸K/ #˜/52´3;/ , Aj/jO%/jAw9 8K2 0 %^OLN/ 24¸.> , 8K2yID04A -0/,1>2 4,6 7B/50§3
9 2 3 5-/ =/50}58 + /@49 > , / + ,.-/ 01/52C31/ = L -/ 3 S:+ /Y¸K/ , 09%2¡Q ,1S 2 O¡O -/ 3;/ } 31/59 , Æ S +  S 01/RO / , /5}  / , }  / /3
O -/ ¸K/5=8 + + /5Aj/52C3jOL-"/,132 4,6 7¶/503ž31/ , Aj>?2 5-/ /\=?/50 +%, 8:318:3 € + / 0BAj>?0G/ 2 + = S } /P018K2C3j019 , =/ + 8K>2C3
OL S }  /¸K/ , = S ¸ S =>?O S 31>?8K2BO /503;/ }  2 >@.9%/[email protected]%>01/ , 8K2C3†/ A + =?8 € 5-/ /50 Æ S } 8K2 0§3 , 9%} 3;>8K2¶OL;-0/,13254,6 7
/50§37019 , =?/ + 8K>243O%/6} 8KAjAB/ 2 }5/ , Æ
K
B
ED
JYL
LK
K
/ 0 +  5-/ 2 8KA¶/5Å 2%/50 + 4€.0>[email protected] 5/ 0B=?> 5-/ 0S Å = S O -/ 31/5}3;>?8:2¦O / 0“2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:0 ,;S„+ >?O / AB/ 2C3 -/ 2 8K2 } 5-/ 0B}5> È
O / 01019%0018:243’O -/ ¸:/5=?8 + +|5-/ 0TO S 2 ’
0 = S 01/ } 3;>8K2´HÉÆ DKÆ S 0/5}3;>?8:2´HÉÆ H + ,.-/ 01/52C31/j=/50‚O > -/ , /52C3;0 + , 8¾/ 310
/ºÉ>03 S 24310‚8:9R/ 2}58:9 , 07O / ,.-/ S ?= >0 S 31>?8K2Æ/T3 5-/ =/501} 8 + / -0/,1>2 4,6 7¨/ 03‚O 5-/ } , >37O S 2 0018K2R/52 0/5G
A < =/
O S 2%07= S 01/5}3;>8K2RHÉÆ ÉÆ
KJ
WJ
H
P¥ p
_#hof`X7hošy[
a
[
a›[†
l Z\[^X·Zh5Vjf
/ + , >2 }5> + /jO /O -/ 3;/ } 3;>8K2 , / + 8K01/09 , =MLN>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2´O 9 2 / 9%3 , >?2 8 ƒ
+ S:, }58K9 1, S 2C3G}  S„, Q „-/ Æ /
=?/ + 3;8:2n>?0019nO /“}5/ 33;/>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 + / , OnO%/= L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/B/ 2 01/ + , 8 + S QK/ S 4
2 3G/ 3)tO S 2%0G= L¹/ S 9 -/ AB/3
Ä
Ä
O /ž= S =9 AB> / Å , /
/ , / 2 :8 ¸Æ
/50 + 8K>2C3;0T018K2C3 S <8 , O 5-/ 0 + =?9 0 +ƒS„, 3;>}59 => / Å , /5j
A /52C3 + K
8 9 , =/E2 /59%3 , >2 8
AG9 8:2 >[email protected] /^/3‚=/^AG9 8K2YO S 2 0‚=/50 +ƒS„,;S Q ,1S:+  / 0019 > ¸ S 243105Æ
K
" (/ 1 &8#" $
" ( 2 56&8"$
/‚2 /59%3 , >2 8w>2431/ ,1S QK>3 S ¸K/ }’= S A S 3;> / Å , / +ƒS„, } 8K9 ,;S 243 2 /59É3 , /8# Ä %¸.> S 9 2<8K018K2 48K9 +ƒS„,
}58:9 ,;S 2C3°}  S:, Q -/ # Ä·Ä %\¸.> S 9 2j<Ã8K08K2 Æ/50#>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>8K2 0#}  S:, Q 5-/ / 0 + , 8ÉO%9 >?0/52C3°O /50#=?/ + 3;8:2 0
O /6A / AB/60 S ¸:/59 , @.9%/w=?/62 / 9%3 , >?2 8j>?2 } >?O / 2C38# 5-/ =?/ } 3 , 8K2 >@49 /AG9 8:2 >[email protected] /68K9R3 S 9 8K2%>[email protected] /&% S }5} 8KAEÈ
+ƒS Q:2 5-/ / 0OL¹9 2 /QK/ , </  S O , 8K2%>[email protected] /:ÆLN>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 +ƒS:, }58K9 ,1S 2C32 / 9%3 , / 2 / +%, 8.O 9 >3Š@49L¹9 2 /QK/ , </
 S O , 8K2 >@49 /:Æ S 2 S 3;9 , / =?/E31/5A + 0¨O%/j¸.>?/ž/3w=/ + S:, } 8K9 , 06Aj8€:/52 O /50 + , 8.O 9 > 3;0TOL¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>8K2
+ , 8ÉO 9%>?01/ 2C3BO%/50ž3;8 + 8K=?8:QK>?/ 0EO > -/ , /52C3;/ 0BO S 2 0ž9 2¦3 5-/ =?/ 01} 8 + /nS Å 2 /59É3 , >2 8K0 Æ /P3 S 9 8K2 +ƒS„, 08K2
3;/ A + 0‚O /T¸.>?/^3 , /5Å 0‚}58K9 , 3†0/¨O 5-/ 01>2C3o/5Å Q , / S„+ , / Å 0 S ¸K8:> ,+ƒS:, }58K9 , 9
2nD I
~ #§D T/ %AR/Å 3 , / 0
/ 3 S:+%+ƒS:,;S 3^} 8KABAj/E9 2 + 8:>?2C3oÆ,/ 06Q:/ , </50 5-/ =/5}3 , 8:A S Q:2 -/ 31>[email protected] /50^/36 S O , 8K2 >[email protected] / 0T8K2C3¨9%2 /ž/º4È
3;/ 2 01>8K2j0 +ƒS 31> S =/ 5-/ Q S =?/5Aj/52C33 , / Å 0 ,.5-/ O 9 > 3;/„Æ { /59 ==/·AG9 8K2 +ƒS:, }58K9 , 3°O /50°O >03 S 2 }5/ 0 S 001/ ‚Q ,1S 2 O / 0
+ 8K9 ,·+ 8K9%¸K8:> ,·, / }58K2%03 , 9 > , /T0 S 3 ,;S }5/:Æ L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>8K2Y9%3;>=?>?0 5-/ / + , 88K2 O / AB/ 2C3‚>2 5-/ = S 031>[email protected] /»
L
'
'
-
]
'
'
/50§3t>?=?=9 0 3 ,.-/ / ƒ
QK9 , /°HÉÆ K
D Æ Ä / + /52%O S 2C3\O%/50 -/ 3;9%O /50 018:243tAj/52 -/ /50 S 9T01/ ?> 26OL-"/,132 4,6 7 S ƒ2TOL¹9%3;>=?>01/ ,
=?/ 0·>?28 , A S 3;> 8K2 0 %
O /50 S 9%3 , /50=?/ + ;3 8:2 08K9YO /507QK/ , <Ã/ 0 < CF MÆ
JVM J JVO
µνµ
W
d
hadrons
u
n
HÉÆ D
2A2!"3 " " 042 3 " * 0 " A - 3 $% " $%& $007$ " $%($%
0$0- * "./T2R-,$% 20P-,T25" M
JVH
S 01/5}3;>8K2R/ j} S } /¨O / 0‚2%/59%3 , >?2%8K0·05L 5-/ } , >3 ^:»
N
HS
'
S
%
#
'
#
S
%,# D
% #MHÉÆD&%
8
Å9
/ 0§3¨= S A S 0 01/žO ´
5
9 249 5
} = 5-/ 8K2 5
/ 0§3¨= S A S 0 01/žO 9´<Ã8:018K2 / 03¨= S 5
} 8:2 0 3 S 2C3;/jO /
*ƒ/ , AB>:/ 3 / 0|
3 = ¹L 8 + + 8K0 ·
@ 9 S O , > >?A + 9 =01>?8:2w3 ,1S 2 0 -/ ,.-/ /‚O 9j2 / 9%3 , >?2 8 S 9jAG9 8K2Æ
-/ O 9B} S:,,.
-/ O /= S 4
H„J
S
S
/50  8K2%} 3;>8K2 0 # 6
% / 3 # %w08K2C3ž=?/50  8:2 } 13 >?8K2 0wO /PO >?0§3 , >?< 9%31>?8K2yO 5/ [email protected] S:, 40jO S 2 0ž=?/ 0
249 }5= 5-/ 8K2%05Æ /50·3;/ , Aj/50 /3 10 8K2C37=?/ 0·¸ S„, > S < =?/ 0O / ¾8 , :/52R/ 308K2C3†O -/ ƒ2 >5
/ 0 +ƒS:, »
N
N
#
H
/ 3
%
N N
N
#MHÉÆ H%
S ƒQK9 , /PH.Æ HYAB8K2C3 , /“=ML -/ ¸K8K=9%3;>8K2´O /50G0/5}3;>?8:2 0G/ j} S }5/ 0GO /50w2 /59%3 , >2 8K0w/ 2 8K2 }3;>?8:2yO /B=?/59 ,
5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/:Æ Ä / =?=?/ È } > S 9 QKAj/52C3;/ S ¸K/ } = L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/ '+ =9 0B=ML -/ 2 / , QK>?/YO 9¦2 /59É3 , >2 8y/ 03BQ ,;S 2 O / + =?9 0ž>?=
T/Â
, >[email protected] /BOLN>2C3;/ ,1S QK> ,6+ 8K9 , O 8K2%2 / , 9 2nAG9%8K2 ¸.>?0>?< =/žO S 2 0¨=?/žO -/ 31/5}3;/59 , Æ ¿ +ƒS:, 3;> , O /¶D I
= S / ,, /PO /¸.>?/52C3j8 +ƒS @.9%/ S 9ɺ 2 / 9%3 , >?2 8:05Æ L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>?8:2 S =?>?/ 9sS Å = L 5-/ } S:, 3žO /P= S 58K2%/P>?2 0§3 , 9.È
Aj/52C3 -/ //3T=?/ + S:, } 8K9 , 0^O%9´Aw9 8K2ÃA / AB/¨05L¹>?= S 9 QKAj/52C3;/ S ¸K/ }ž= L 5-/ 2 / , QK>//503^3 , 8 + } 8K9 , 3 + 8K9 ,
=?9%> + / , AB/313 , /°OL S 313;/ >?2 O , / =/|O -/ 3;/ } 31/59 , Æ ¿ } /50 -/ 2 / , QK>?/ 0=?/ 0\AG9%8K2 0Š¸.>01>?<%=?/50 08K2C3 + ,1S 3;>@.9%/5Aj/52C3
 8 , > 8K2C3 S 9ɺÃÆ
/B} 8É/ j}5>?/ 2C3GO /j3 ,;S 2 01Aj>?001>?8:2 O /B= S / ,1, /“/50§3 + ,.5-/ 0/52C3 -/ QK9 , /HÉÆ /52 8:2 } 31>?8K2´O /“=ML S 2 QK=?/
-/ 2 >31 S = / 36O /ž=ML -/ 2 / , QK>?/žO 9´2 /59É3 , >2 8 Æ,L S 2 QK=/
-/ 2 >31 S =O 9´2 /59É3 , >2 8¶O -/ ƒ2%>36= S } 8K=?8K2%2 /žO /
O / 2 01> 3 `
-/ O / A S 31> / Å , /R31/ ,1, /50§3 , /`@49L¹>?=‚O 8K> 3“3 ,1S ¸K/ , 01/ , ·/ 3019 > ¸ S 243018K2 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/|0 Sn+ , 8K< S <%>?=?> 3 -/
OL¹>?2C3;/ ,;S Q:> , ¸ S:, >?/:Æ Ä /6} 8É/ j}5>?/ 2C3†O /^3 ,;S 2 0AB>010>?< >=?>3 ‚
-/ / 037O -/ ƒ2 > }58KAjAj/ ^K»
]
NJ
8
Å9 # % 2 / 9%3 , ?> 2 8ž/ 3%$'&
N 2S
#
% /
JWH
# ! % # 5/ 0§3R= S }58:=?8K2 %
"
2 / O /52%01>3 `
-/ O /`A S 3;> / Å , /R>?2C3 -/ Q ,.-/ /`019 , =/3 ,1S ¾/ 3
=?/^2%8KAG< , /6OL ¿ K
¸ 8KQ S O , 8 Æ
HÉÆ H
5F .
H Æ
"(
#
#
%“O 9
KJ M ." - " 0 3 "! 2T +, 57 * "63 " U* ' " &"1" - 3 " * C" " 2 "
" J3 "6* 2 2*+" t" 0 T2*@32$ " $%& M >@",- " -A -," 3 ", " $ . " T2$% " 20 " $%&. " 5, " - 3 " *+" $ " " 2 " " " ", .",- T=" -A -,", /T2=-,$ 20
" $ " /T2=-,$ 20 -,T25" " @ 2*+" .0
" /). ",." 0".", KJ
#MHÉÆ %
"(
*)
"(
!#,
9
!& "
2 % 2 "
¿ + , /Å 0 = L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>?8:2 ƒ
8 9 ;, S 243}  :
8 2 >@.9%/ = /’AG9 8K2 + , 8ÉO%9 >3 10 / + , 8 È
+ S:, } K
S , Q ^
-/ O%9R2 / 9%3 , ?> 2 8EAw9 K
/ Aj/52C3 ƒ
+ƒS Q:/¶O S 2 0j=?/PAj>?=?>/59Æ = + / , O 10 8K2 5-/ 2 / , QK>/ + , >2 }5> +ƒS =5
+ S:, >8K2 ?> 0 S 3;>8K2 }58:ABAj/P= L¹/ ºÉ}5> 3 S È
!{ -(%([\",+|:e" 'dG&u-J[y"PTGlos.e" -'|7^-J#a#_-J77D(#HGg- r [n{ -C68".Q("$#HGH'*)$-([|o8bIoEke" G&":)kGH"$b#:
VL
H
3;>8K2 OL 5-/ =/5}3 , 8:2 08K9 = S } ,.-/ S 31>?8K2¡O / ,;S >?/50 3°A S >?0 -/ Q S =/5Aj/52C3 +ƒS„, O / 0 + , 8.}5/ 01019%0 ,;S O > S 3;>0
}58:ABAj/Y= S } ,.-/ S 3;>8K2 O / + S > , /50jO /R=/ + 318K2 0 °=/ ,;S €K8K2%2 /5Aj/52C3PO / , / >?2 S QK/Y8K9¡=/50j>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>?8:2
+  8„3;8„È 2.9%}5= -/ S > , /50 Æ S }58K2C3 , >?<%9%3;>8K2žO /‚=MLN9%2“8K9jO /7= L S 9%3 , /O /†} /50 + , 8.}5/ 01019%0O / + / , 3;/7OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/
O -/ + / 2 O O%/E= L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/GO 9`AG9 8:2 JCI ' ¾9 0@49LS Å @49 /[email protected] /50T}5/ 2C3 S >2 /50^O / ^/  =?/wAG9 8K2`/ 03 + , / Å 0
O 9žAj>?2 >AG9 A OL¹>?8K2 >0 S 31>?8K2w/ 3#0 ST+ / , 31/·OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/7/ 03 + , 8 + 8 , 31>?8K2 2%/5=?=/6S Å 018:2 + S:, } 8K9 , 0 Æ ¿ 9ÉÈ O /5= S Å
O /[email protected] /[email protected] /50 / =?/ 0 + , 8.}5/ 0109 0 ,1S O > S 3;>0|O 8KAj>?2 / 2C3 # ƒQK9 , /¨HÉƹJ%Æ
]
M =" " 3 1" " 2 "32$ $ 3;2T* "A2$ ;2$ -,0" " 3;2T*U .-,0" 32, " ",J/)&- /T2$ /).-,",, $ .0" /).",." 0", * 0+72 *U - ."72 3 "J/T2", / *+"
2;0" !" 0J3 " ," ) " 5 " G* 0 " - I/00 0$0- *"72" /) H.ÆNJ
5
D R ; (65 Œ
Œ
Œ
Œ
‹Œ
‡
8 , 0@49 /B=/59 ,-/ 2 / , QK>?/ž} >?2 -/ 3;>[email protected]
‹‡
< > 3 S =/O 5
/ 0 -/ =?/5}3 , 8K2 0žO 9 }58 , 3o/ Å QK/YO /50 S 318KAB/
5-/ = S 031>[email protected] / S K
¸ /5}R}5/ 0 5-/ =/5}3 , 8:2 0B/3“>8K2 >01/52C3B= S
OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/TO R
9 Aw9 8K2Y/50§3‚O 5-/ } , >31/ + S:, = S 8 , AG9
‡
‹
R 53 5 (
/ / 03 S 001/
E
5-/ =/ ¸ 5-/ /
0E}5>< =?/ 0=/50EAG9 8:2
A S 3;> / Å , /Y=/¶=8K2 Q´O
=?/†O / / 31 /È =?8.} 
+ S:,^,1S:+ + 8 , 3S Å = S ¸.> 3;/5001/ž8 , È
ƒ
0E>?2C3;/ ,;S Q:>?010/52C3 +ƒS:, O >9%01>?8:2
/¶=?/59 , 3 ,;S ¾/ } 3;8:> , /„Æ S + / , 31/
J (D Æ
¿ 9ÉÈ O /5= S Å O%9 /  = S } ,.-/ S 31>?8K2TO / +ƒS > , / 0t/ 0 3t=?/ +%, 8.}5/50019 t
0 =?/ + =?9 0 ?> A + 8 , È
Œ
˜‹ ‡
tŒ¨ˆ ‹ Œ
3 S 4
2 3 + 8K9 , = S’+ / , 31/·OL -/ 2 / , QK>?/·O%9BAG9%8K2ÆKÇ==?/0 L S:+%+ƒS:, / 2C3;/ES Å %
O /50#} S 0} S O%/50 5-/ =?/ } 3 , „
8 È A S Q:2 -/ 31>[email protected] /50
 8 , A -/ /50O / ƒ
+ S:, 3;?> } 9 =?/ 0·01/ }58K2 O S > , /50 # -/ =?/5}3 , 8K2 0 + 8K0>3 , 8K2 0 Q S AjA S 0 %Æ
;( (75 C =05L S QK> 3jO 9
Œ
‰
OL¹9 ¶
2 }5/52C3 , /6O >Ã9 01/ 9 , Æ
7 5 C R 5 ‹ ‡
ˆ\‰ ‡ ‡ Œ ‹
OL¹9 2 +  8:318K2j¸.> , 3;9%/5= / 03 ,;S:, //
= ST+ / , 31/‚OL -/ 2 / , QK>?/7O / ¸.>/52C3>A +
D I
O S 2 07= SG, 8É} %/6/37O /¨H:I
Œ
(
(
Œ
3#0 S
8 , 3
O S 2
, /5>2 S QK/YO 9¦AG9 8K2¦=?8 , [email protected]¹>?=·0 L S:+%+ , 8.}  /
,1S €:8K2 2 / AB/ 2C3PO /
#L¹>?2C31/ ,;S } 3;>8K2Y/52C3 , /¨9%2RAG9%8K2Y/ 379 2¶2.9%}5= -/ 8K2 + :
S ,P5-/ }  S 2%QK/
}58:243 , >< 9%3;>8K2 , / 03;/ S >< =?/„Æ S >?0†S^
Å +ƒS:, 3;> , O%/[email protected] / ?= @49 / 0 / Â
S 2C3;/·/3 } /50 >2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2%0#¸.>/52 2 / 2C3}58:243 , >< 9 / , S Å  S 9%3;/ 9 , O /
0= L¹/ S 9Æ
JVH
2 /¶A S 2 > / Å , /QK=?8:< S =?/B01>A + =/O / +ƒS„,;S A -/ 3 , / , = S + / , 13 /PAB8 K
%
€ / 2 2 /¶OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/PO 9¦Aw9 8K20/5=8K2
018:2 +ƒS„, }58:9 , 0 #˜/ 2RQž} A  %/ 037O /T= SE, / + ,.-/ 01/ 2431/ ,7+ƒS:, = L¹/º + , 5
/ 001>?8:2 ^:»
% N Q +
WM
H
'
N
#MHÉÆNJ%
+
8Å9
/ 3 s08K2C3jO /508K2 }3;>?8:2
OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/ +ƒS:, >?8K2%>?0 S 3;>?8:2C/ 3 3;>0 % Æ4À S 2 0°= L¹/ S 9 + 8K9 , O / 0 -/ 2
/º + , >?A 5-/ / S ¸K/ } n/3 }58K2%03 S
+
") C A Œ
Œ
‹
; ‡
0EO /Y= L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/:Æ / +ƒS:,1S AR/ Å
.}5/ =?=?/ 0 O 9%5
/ 0 S 9.º + / , 3;/50 } S
/ , QK>?/ 0¾9 0@4
9 L S 9 /Â 4}5/3131/
24310/ 3
HR
/Â Q } A
+ 3 ,
3 S
+
/
03
/ ,
/ 3
+
+ , / 2 O¦/ 2¦} 8KA + 3;/Y=?/
, 8 + %>[email protected] /50#=?/ 0 + , 8É} /50109
31/‚OL -/ 2 / , QK>?/7AB8 €:/52 2 / +
NJ2nD I
Q }5A
J%S
0 + / , 3;/ 0
0 ,;S O > S È
/ 9%3 / 3 , /
Æ
t‡
S }5>2 5-/ A S 3;>@49 / O / =MLN>2C3;/ ,1S } 31>?8K2 S >[email protected] /y=/ AG9 8K2 2L¹/503 +ƒS 0 S =>?QK2 -/ S ¸:/5}y=/ 2 /59%3 , >2 8
>?2%}5>?O%/52C3oÆÀ’/ + =?9%07=/507O >Ã9 0>?8K2 0} 8K9 =?8:AG< >?/ 2 2 / 0709 < >/50 +ƒS:, =?/TAG9 8K2¶=?8 , 0O /6018K2 +ƒS:, } 8K9 , 0‚=/
O -/ ¸É>/52C37O /^0 S 3 ,1S ¾/5}3;8K> , /’>2 >31> S =/:Æ3L S 2 QK=?/†/52C3 , /6=/^2 /59É3 , >2 8E/ 3=/^AG9 8K2P¸ S:, >?/ S ¸K/ }T= L 5-/ 2 / , QK>/
O 9Y2 / 9%3 , >?2 8E/3·0 S O >03 , >?< 9É3;>?8:2 + /59%3/ 3 , / -/ 3;9 O%> 5-/ / + S:, 01>AG9 = S 3;>8K2 ¶8K2C3;/ Ä S:, =8 Æ Ä / 3131/ -/ 3;9%O /
S > 3 S:+ +ƒS„,;S 3 , /^O%/59ɺ ,.5-/ QK>AB/ 0»
M N % D I ]T/ »= L S 2 QK=/w/ 243 , /j=?/E2 / 9%3 , >?2 8Y/3¨=/EAG9 8K2 / 036O /ž= L¹8 , O , /EO 9´O /5Q ,.-/ >=/50§3
O -/ 3;/ , Aj>?2 -/ +ƒS„, = S }5>2 5-/ A S 3;>@49 /^O /T= L¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>8K2Æ
M N QsD I ]^/ Ân»É=ML S 2%QK=?/7/52C3 , /^=?/72 /59É3 , >2 8G/3·=?/‚AG9 8K2/ 03·Q:8K9%¸K/ , 2 -/ +ƒS:, = S O >9 0>?8K2BO 9
AG9%8K2YO S 2 0= S A S 3;> / Å , /†3 ,1S ¸:/ , 0 5-/ /„Æ
L -/ ¸K8K=9%3;>8K2GO /·=ML S 2 QK=?/°/52C3 , /·= S O > , /5} 31>?8K2wO 9E2 /59É3 , >2 8^>?2%}5>?O%/52C3/ 3}5/5==?/|O 9žAG9 [email protected] > +ƒS:, ¸.>/52C3
S 9YO -/ 3;/5}3;/ 9 ,†+ /59%3/ 3 , / +ƒS„,;S A -/ 3 ,.5-/ /^0/5=8K2^»
%
! Q " #
?
KL
N %
D I / Â
N Q
D IKI /Â
[L
#MHÉÆ %
S ƒQK9 , /¶HÉÆ `Aj8K2C3 , /= L -/ :
¸ 8K=?9É3;>?8:2n/52  8K2 }3;>8K2 O P
/ = L 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/O /P=ML S 2 K
Q =?/B/52C3 , /Y=?/AG9%8K2 / 3ž=/
2 / 9%3 , >?2 8’/ 288K2 } 31>?8K2wO /= L 5-/ 2%/ , Q:>?/ S 9 + K
8 >2C3OL¹>?2C3;/ ,;S }3;>8K2 # ¸:/ , 3;/º %/ 3 S 9G2 > ¸K/ S 9jO%9EO -/ 31/5} 315
/ 9 , Æ
HÉÆKL M 2*+" !;" " 0 " *+" " $%& " *+"
$ " - 3 "
* C" " 2 " 32$ " $%& 2$
082"A2$ 32$ 3" ",- " $ (" I2$
082"A2$32$ 82" & " ^5 B 4( ; K‡
t‡
6N / + S:, } 8K9 , 0·O%9PAG9 8K2 #
%|OL 5-/ 2 / , QK>/
9 3 / 3 , /†/5031>?A -/ É/52 + , 5
/ Aj> / Å , / S:+ %
+ / %
+ , 8oºÉ>?A S 3;>8K2
/52E09 + + 8K0 S 243 R/ 3 YO / =ML -/ .
@ 9 S 3;>8K2žHÉƹJ†} 8K2 0 3 S 2C3;0 K}5/@49 >É}58K2C¸.>?/ 2C3 + 8:9 , O / 0 5-/ 2%/ , Q:?> /50ƒ¾9 014
@ 9L S 9
2 05L 5-/ } , >3 S =?8 , 0 K»
/ ÂGÆ / +ƒS:, }58K9 , 0O 9¶AG9 8K¶
+
JVH
% '&
"!
!)(+*-, &
%
.0/2351 46387:9;<3>=57?;[email protected]?;<BC63 EFED G 35H:@JI /K381 4L387?9;<3NOPM IQOBC635I<IA3"I<[email protected]# 7:;<[email protected]?;<R4LHWV638HYXZ387:@?38HJV / ;<R46;AHTO[@?;<R4
[email protected]\VL38H\X]357:@?38H\=^O[@TOH:@?7?RXL_6;<BC635H`VL35ab;<[email protected] 381 9SO[I<38H5cd=53eBC6;O[[email protected]+jk354ab;A7?R46HlVLCnmJ35o *
(p
Front d'onde
Čerenkov
θc
particule
chargée
v > c/n
(+* , !"$#%'&( *+ ) , .-/0
%
%
1 RC67V638H 381 46357?9;A38H;<432 381 7?;A38C67:38H5c 35H:@ @T7835M HX]3'@T;[email protected][[email protected] 3'@ I<3 XfO7:=8RCL7?HV6C54C6R4eV635ab;[email protected]
6 F G * 1 RC67$IA38H 351 @?C6V635H V635H$RH:=8;AI<IQO @T;<R46HdRC`IQO 7:38= _6357?= _63 V63798;: 1=< BC6;>2 [email protected] ;<[email protected]?387:a3846;A7
V61 35H=4CLR46HEV 1 /2351 46387:9;<3\;A4.2 381 7:;<38CL7?3\OC m 3'ocYI<3lXfO[7?=8/ RC67?HEV6C?4C6R4 X]357$4`[email protected]`[email protected] 1 [email protected]?387 OeM H:R4
384L387?9;<31 cb384 H 35I<381 ='@T;[email protected] I<38H>@T7?O=835H [email protected]= 35H:@ OEM V6;<7:3 IA38H>@T7?O=835H [email protected] I<3 V [email protected] [email protected] IQOBAf4
[email protected] V 3'@T35$7 4`;<4 35H *
CED
FHGJIK + ) IMLNI!OQPSR . OPV 3'1 @T38='@T;AR4 [email protected]:;<46RHWXfO7WI<35H V 3'1 @T38='@[email protected]<H BC /UT*VXW!YQZ\[S] c 35H:@YUfO[H 381 3>H:C67WIQO V 3'1 @[email protected];AR4
V63EIQO\I<C^4`;35M 7?3 + ) 357?384._R a XL7?RbV6C6;[email protected]?3 XfO 7I<35. H`4CLR46H ;<46V6CL;[email protected] *Sa O46HC64 4 ;AI<;<35C V / ;<46V6;A=81 3 cI<Olab;cb
@T35H?H:3 V63 X6_fO H:3 V63 I<O I<C.4 1 ;38M 7?3`38H @*d d* 3e4 C6R4 cJ=8Rf4*4`3 @[email protected] X6O7:@?;<=8CLI<3 = 1 _6O7?9 353 [email protected]<O
ab;[email protected]?38H?H:3 ! + g G d & 38H [email protected]/2H?1 C6X 387?;A38C67:3 OlM =838IAI<3 V63 IQO IAC^4`;38M 7:3NVfO[46HPI<3(4`;<IA;<35C`@?+7TO^a357?H 3[cfX67?RbV6C6; @PV63 I<O
I<.C 4 ;38M 7?3 ) 387:38^4 _[Rha * 3846357?9;A3PV63 H?35C6;<IJ/ O M XfO7:@?;<7 V6C6BC638IfIA3 [email protected] [email protected] ) 357?354^_R al35H:@>X67:R+V6CL;[email protected]^c
XZRC67PC654 4C6R4 H:3 X67:RXfO93^[email protected] VfO46HI 38OC V6j3 4 357 ! 4 G Uc kfk & c638H \@ l
`mnoqpr G t s F
f, | : 35o
!)(+* p &
xiy{z v
u
. 3 7T}O [email protected] 4 [email protected] + ) 357?35^4 _R a 35H:@lIA3 7 381 [email protected] O @V / ;<4Sw @T357 2 351 7?384L=838Hl=5R46H @[email protected]; a35HlV638HR46V638H @3 1 4 ;AH?35H
I<3EI<R469 VLC @T7?NO ~:[email protected] V6C + 4CLR4 * . =3 2 [email protected] V / R46V63 H?/3 XL7?RXfO[93 O^a38=C64 O469IA3 €MD  X6O7N7?OX6XZR7:@lO M I<O
V6;A7?38='@T;AR4 V65C 4C6R4 * 3'@ O469IA3 38H:@ V 3 Af46;YXfO7PI ;A46V6;A=83 V65C 4`;<I<;A38BC l
V6O46H ƒI ‚ 3^OC V6=3 4`38„7 l d †‡ ! €MD  & G ‰ ˆ
!)(+Œ* ‹ &
} Š
. 3 46fR 4 U67?3PV63 [email protected]?R46H ! BŽ & 3 1 4`;<H XfO7"CL46;[email protected] 3 1 V63PI<R469C635C67 [email protected][7"C646; @ 3 1 V63PIAR469CL38C67"V / R4LV63
! 38H @ V [email protected] Af4L;JX6O7"‘ “, ’ l
Q% •–
< jŽ (”
SN!  G  < — ! & <˜
!)(+Œ* ™ &
Q% •–
v u
.
RW. C M 35H:@ IQO=8R46H:@[email protected] H:@T7:[email protected]?C67?j3 Af463 * šO A69C67?3 (+* , ;<I<IAC6H:@?7?3 I / @3 ›][email protected] + ) 387:38^4 _[Rha * 1 1
/I O38H;AV63XL_6V6R3\@TRX646_LH [email protected]?fR 3 4 [email protected]?Xf;<X6O[IA9;<=^38O [email protected]@ 38CLVf7?O[H 46Ÿ* H ž C64 œ4 ;<4S4`@ 351 ;<9IA;<7T38O[C [email protected] V6I; ›/2351 C6BH:Cf38O[[email protected] ;AR354 @ (+O[U* U6™ H?VfRO7:Uf46OH 4SI<@^O c 9SX6O C64*;<H 4 H?3 [email protected] 3lV [email protected]?=5;[email protected] 38;<IAH ;[email protected] O 3M 1
V635H [email protected] 4 [email protected]?;<X6IA;<=^O @T38CL7?H [email protected];<IA;<H 381 H !  & cf3'@ 354 X67:384fO[[email protected] 384e=8R 4 [email protected]?3 I<38CL7 3 ¡`=^O=5;[email protected] 3E1 [email protected];ABC63
¢N£¤ ¥¦ §¨Œ©vª«¬¥­¦@®¯¬°U±@¥³²j¦@´´°Œ± ¥¶µ>¦q­¬°·®¸¨Œ¥´
(‹
!6V C54!C6 R&?4 & cRl [email protected];<[email protected]<3$46Rf4U67:3PV63 [email protected] 351 @[email protected];[email protected] 3 1 V63PIAR469C635C67 ! V6C\XfO7:=8RC67:H
&
!
jŽ % ‡ < €! 
S G (N”
! D&
N! &  <
!(b* | &
1 RC67 C64L3 @3 ¡`=^O[=8;[email protected] 3N1 [email protected]?;<BC63NVL3 cb= / 38H @ O M V6;A7?3 X]RC67 C64 [email protected]?Rf4C6I @T;<XLI<;<=8O[@T35C67"XfO[72 O; @^[email protected]?7?3
k |f| ^4 4 [email protected] f, |f| ^4 4eSc k | [email protected]] [email protected] @?7?3 V 351 @?38='@ 381 H [email protected] *
. 3 XZ387:@?3 V /2381 46357?9;A3 XfO7 @3 ›][email protected] + ) 387:38^4 _[R a]cPV6O46H =83'@[email protected]?3 9SO4*4 3 V63 IAR469C635C67?H V / R46V63c$38H @ V63
I / R7:V67?3EV63 | c ‹ *_3'o @= 4 1 38IAI<3 38H @ 4 351 9I<;A93^OULI<3 XfO7 7TO[X6X]R7:@NOC+j X]357:@?38HNV /2351 46387:9;<3EV6C 4CLR4
Xf. O7PIA381H [email protected]?7?35H XL7?Rb=838H:H?C6H w V 38=57?; @[email protected] *
38H @ 35I<38H:=8RXZ38HkO M [email protected]?7?1 ;<4LRH [email protected];<IA;<H:[email protected] I<[email protected]?34`X6H V / O7:7?; a 351 3 V638H [email protected]?1R46H + ) 357?354^_R a H?C67 I<35H
X6_6R[@TfR [email protected];AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C67:H * 1 RC677:38=5R46H:@?7?C6;A7?3 [email protected]?7TO=53 V6C 4 C6R4 3'@l384 V 38V6CL;<7?3 IQOe1 V6;<7:[email protected]?;<R4 V6C
[email protected]:;<46R\;<4L=8;<[email protected]^cfC64 7 38H?38OC @?7?;AV6; 4`3846H:;<R4L4638I]V63 [email protected]?Rf4C6I @T;<XLI<;<=8O[@T35C67?H$38H @ 4 38=835H?H?O;<7:3 *
!"$#%'&$)(+*-,!&
. [email protected] 351 I<38H:=8RXZ38H\O M [email protected]:;<46RH H?;[email protected]<3EXfOH?H?O93VL38H(4CLR46H * 8KI<H [email protected] H?384LH?;<ULI<38HNOC+j 4C6R46H
X61 7:R+V6CL;[email protected] / ;<[email protected]?387TO[[email protected];AR4V / C64`[email protected]?;A+ 46R X67?R [email protected] V63IQ1O H:RC67:=83BC63PI / [email protected] 351 @TCLV6;<3578cf4 O;<H
389OI<[email protected] [email protected] O M @TRC6H IA38H O[[email protected]:38HB4C6R46H * 35H V6387:46;<357?H 7?35X67 [email protected][email protected] C64 U67?C6; @ V63 2 R4LV 1 * 8KI"3 j+;<H:@?3
V635C+j H?RC67?=538HEV63\U67?C61 ; @ V6š3 2 R46BV l I<38BH 4 C6R46+ H X67:R+V6CL;[email protected] I<35H [email protected]?;A46RH O[@$4 RH?X6_ 357?;ABbCL38H8cW3'@
I<35šH 4C6R4LH\O[,@ 4`RH?XL/ _ 387:;<BC638H\35C+Mj b¯4 3g 4`38H * 35H\V638C+j U67?C6;1 @THl1 V63 2 R4LV \[email protected]`IQO4e3g 4`3 R7:;<9;A463 l
;<IAH H:R1 [email protected] ;AH?H:C6Hl/ V63 I ;<[email protected]='@T;AR+ 4 V63 7?OihR46H\=8RH$4`;<BC638H5c"9 354 387?OI<[email protected] [email protected]\VL38HlX67:[email protected]>O^a35=eCL1 463
4`RI 35=8C6IA3 V63I O ,@ 4`RH?X6_ 38M 7?3 * 3'@[email protected];[email protected][email protected]?;<R4 X67?RbV6C6; @ V635H 9387:U]35H _fOV67:R46;<BC635H =8R46H:@?;[email protected] 3838H5c
381 [email protected][email protected]?7?3c0VL3eXL;<R46Hl= _6O7?9 351 H * + 38H`V6357?46;A387?H\H:3eV 381 H?;A4S1 @^38M [email protected] 384 14C6R4LHl35. @`[email protected]?;A46RH * . 35H
38IA38='@T7?R46H 1 [email protected]]RH?;[email protected]?7?R4L/H X67?RbV6C6; @TH5c ;<46; @T;[email protected] V61 35HE9387?UZ38H 38IA38='@T7?R 4 O94 [email protected]?;<BC638H * eO Af9C67:3 (b* p 38H @
C6463 7:38X67 [email protected] O[@?;<R4 V CL463 9387:U]3EO[[email protected] 4 RH:X6_ 357?;<BC63 *
.
p
π
0
π
v (+*-pe 5 0/ / 11>32 >
Q# ! '4! 65 ‰2 i7198!/ q;:Sœ><i/ =1.
!>
1Ÿ,¯@
? i3 2š;:S0BA C1Ÿ ¯ >¸ +D
4 /?j! F E!j$# ; 2 i7 198HG ,-1Ÿ,F D
! >(! $
1Ÿ.0 IX $
1Ÿ.J
?8. 4K/ i
/ > L4G > B
0
2šS. !q i0
+,-
µ
e,
γ
ν
£ Q«`¬­[email protected]°Œ´°Q¥SP R ¥UTN­V° ¬XWi¥ :[email protected]«FWH¥´¬[ZN­]¥\ ´¥;«¬^N¨U¥_TN­ VN°U¬XWi¥ :YO `« WaO6Zi¬°cbdVN¥3ei±6O °Œ­\®f¦+Z 4 £
M LN
(™
IQRŸO LNR\C K
L O KiIML
K ' R OšCXI*OXI\KiLOQR K R I!LXI
. 38H [email protected]?;A46RH O[@$4 RH:X6_ 351 7?;<BC635H>[email protected] X67?RbV6C6; @TH>V63 2 O=5 R4 BCfO[H?;;<H:[email protected]:RX]3 I<35 C67fC+j\35H:@$I<3 4 3g 4`3
XZRC67 IA38H V635C+j _ 31 4`;<H?XL_W1 38M 7:38H * + 3fC+j V 381 =87:R [email protected] O^a38= I /2351 46387:9;<3 ! ! & & * 1 RCL7 IQO XLI<C6XfO[7:@^c
;<IAHd463PH:[email protected]>XfOH>OULH?R1 7:U 38H0XfO[70IQONmJ387:[email protected]>[email protected] IA;<1 38CeO M V638H¶4CL1 R46H¶4`[email protected] [email protected]\V638H:[email protected]
b XfO7d7?OX6XZR7:@dOCV [email protected][email protected]?38C67 ! Af9C67:3 (+U* ‹ & b BC6;[email protected] 359SOIA34`[email protected] 38XfO[7:@T;AHdV63 2 O=8 R4 BCfOH:;L;<H:[email protected]:RXZ3
! A69C67?3 (+U* ‹ & * + 38H 4C6R4LH H:[email protected] [email protected];AI<;<H 381 H XZRC67PI /23'1 @TC6VL3EVL38H RH?=5;<I<I<O[@T;AR46H V638H [email protected]:;<46RH=‘ ˆ (N’ cQ‘ ˆ k ’)*
IQRŸO K R IM LQI
+ 38H 4CLR46H O[@$4 RH:X6_ 351 7?;<BC635H [email protected] X67 [email protected] 2 381 7:[email protected];A38IAI<34`[email protected] X67:R+VLC6;[email protected]?H OC [email protected]?7?3 V63 IQO 9387?UZ3c ;<I<H
H?3 [email protected] ~:C6H?BC / OC V 3'1 @T38='@T35C67 4 O;<HEX][email protected] 97TO4LV63 XfO[7:@T;A3 VL3 I<35C67 + 351 / 46387:9;<3 ;AI<HE/ 463
[email protected]@T7?O a387:H?387 IQO mJ387:7?3 [email protected] H:[email protected]'j+=51 I<C6H:;[email protected] 4 [email protected] [email protected]?H ! Af9C67:3 (+U* 1‹ & * 38H @P1 XZRC67 H O 2 b
2 7TO[46= _6;<7>V63 =83 U67:C6;[email protected]>V63v2 R46V`BC63 I<[email protected] 38I<35H?=5RX]35HEO M [email protected]?;A46RH>[email protected][email protected]?; 4`;<H 38H0XZRC67>V [email protected]?38='@T387$I<35H
4C6R46¶H 4 [email protected]@[email protected]>BC / ;<I<H0H:[email protected]>X6IQO[= 381 H>354`XL7?R 2 R4LV638C675cSRYClM I<3 fCbj\V638JH 4CLR46H>O[[email protected] 4 RH:X6_ 351 7?;<BC635H
38H @j4 R;<46V67:3 ! A69C67?3 (+*Œ™ & * + 35HB4C6R46H 7:38X67 381 H:[email protected]@ C64 2 R7 @ U67?CL;[email protected] V63 2 R46V I<R7:H?BC / ;<IAH [email protected]$O M
@T.0R/ 7:@^cL7?38=5R461 H @T7?/ CL;[email protected] 4`1 [email protected] [email protected]?H *
3 ¡`=^O=51 ;[email protected] 30V C64EV 3'@T38='@[email protected]?;A46RHWV 351 X]3546VE/ V / CL463>XfO7:@ V630H?R4 1 aRI<^C 4`[email protected] 381 R 4 + 3'1 @T7?;A3c
[email protected]?; 4`;<H 383 X]RCL7d1 C6463 [email protected]=83 4 O j+; 4 OIA3c [email protected] [email protected]:3 / XfO7 @"V63 HTO 7 [email protected];AR4O[469C6I<O;</27:1 3 * 38IAI<3 b
=8; 2 RC67?4L;[email protected] I<OX67 35=8;AH?;<R4 H?C67PI<O 4 35H?C67:3 1 V63 IQO X]RH:;[email protected]?;<R4 V C64L3EH:RC67:[email protected]<3 =8OHPV [email protected] V63
H?RC67?=53 XZR46='@TC635I<I<3[cL35I<I<3 XZ387 4 3'@V63 7 35V6C6;<7:3 H?;<946ƒ; Af=8O[@T; [email protected] 4 [email protected] U67?CL;[email protected] 2 R4LV *
.
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
-1
10
-10
µATM
µ induits par νATM (Eµ › 1 TeV)
µ induits par νATM (Eµ › 10 TeV)
-2 -1
10
-9
Eµ › 1 TeV
-11
-12
10
10
10
10
Eµ › 10 TeV
-13
10
-14
10
-15
10
-16
10
-6
-7
µ issus de νATM (Eµ › 10 GeV)
-8
-9
-10
-11
-12
µATM 1500 m
µATM 2000 m
µATM 2500 m
µATM 3000 m
µATM 3500 m
-13
-17
-1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2
v (+*U‹B!J#"
;2 i7198$/ q;:> & / > 8.0 IX 2
> i, 1> ( '
/32 >
4 564
dΦ/dΩ (cm s sr )
-2 -1
-1
dΦ/dΩ (cm s sr )
0
0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8
1
10
80
cosθ
90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180
θ
(+*Œ™ J#" ! 2š>. D
2 i7
198$/ q;:> = $} ? ?!j 1Ÿ,1$}9D
! 3e! 0 / ¯? 2 ' 2š>S 1>! ! 1Ÿ,1
$}Ÿ! ! 1ŸM'
/ -/ i/ 3
*-,.0/@0
! ` !q i" 2šS.
$} ? !?$# 4
%
!q i i> 1Ÿ;:S3D
2š>.i> )"<? <D
B
! ? Ÿ>'+
*-,.0/@0
798;:=<?>@BAC8ED:F8;G
-14
[email protected]?>J:
. 3PX67:;<46=5;<XZ3 V63PV 351 @[email protected]?;<R4 c3'j+X]RH 31 VfO46H0I<[email protected]?;<R4lX67 381 = 381 [email protected]?3cM4`[email protected][email protected] 381 IA38H?=5RXZ38H O M
[email protected]:;<46RHdV6R;[email protected] H:3P7?38H @T7:38;<4LV67?3 ONM I<ONV 3'1 @T38='@T1;AR4lV638H¶4 C6R46H 4`[email protected] O[[email protected]?H * 8KILH?357TO V6R4L= 4 381 =5381 H:HTO;A7?3
V63 X6IQO[[email protected]?38I<[email protected] 38I<35H?=5RX]35HdVfO[46HYI<38HYV635C+j _ 34`;<H:X6_ 35M 7?38H O“Af4EV63 =8RC+a+7:;<[email protected]@T3>IQO aRYCLg @T3>= 35I<35H:@T3 *
k|
53 H:@PIA3 @ 3811 IA38H?=5RXZ3NV63 I / _ 31 4`;<H:X6_ 38M 7:3 H:C6V * / 8KI]1 35H:@ XLIQO= 3N1 OC 1 Rg I<3cRWC M HTO=2 [email protected]?C67?3 3'[email protected]?;AR4
H:387?O 389SO[I<34`[email protected] =8R4LH:@T7:C6;[email protected]?3 O46H I _ [email protected] ;AH?X6_ 35M 7?3E46R7:V cX6I<C6H:;<35C67?H X67?RN~:[email protected] [email protected]
=8T*RV\C6W37?H$YQVZ\35[S1 a] 38I<RX6X][email protected] [email protected] * + 38H XL7?R~:3'@TH H:[email protected] *ŸX6a 7 381 H:[email protected] 351 H 7TOXL;<[email protected] [email protected]$VfO4LH =83'@[email protected][email protected]?;<R4 * . 3 X67?R~:3'@
35H:@ V 38=57?;[email protected]:[email protected]?;<R4eH?CL;Aa[[email protected] *
THYQV Y
a357?H IA3j_!4
.
I IM LI!O I HYQV ‘ ˆ ’
!"#%$'&)(*,+%.-.#&/1023(4"6547(8
H / O[9;[email protected] V / C6461 3 V6351 [email protected] ;38M 7:38H 3 j+X 381 7:;<384L=838HlBC6; O;[email protected] 351 @ 3 1 7 381 OI<;AH 381 3 *Qž 4 ™f™ kLcJIQOe=8RIAIQO/UZR7TO @T/:;<9 R4 c
OX67838M HO^aˆ R;<7 [email protected]?C6V6; 3 I<38H =8R46VL;[email protected];AR46H 354Sa+;A7?R4L4631 4`[email protected] O[I<38HPVLCeH:;[email protected]?3 = _6R;<H:; b OC I<O7?93 V63 I gi<IA3NV ONb
; O;<;)c>O M ‹f|f| 4 V63X67:R2 R46V635C67HbO ;ƒ4{4`387:9 3EC64 X67?R[@[email protected]¯[email protected] O X6C 7:38=5R46H:@?7?C6;A7?3VL38HB4C6R46H
O[[email protected] 4 RH:X6_ 351 7?;<BC635H * : O[;<HPC6461 3(2 CL;[email protected]/3 V6O461 HI / C64 V635H 1 =51 [email protected] C67:H 351 I<38='@T7:R46;<BC635HP4 / O`XZ3874 ;AH BC63 |
_635C67?35H V63`X67:;<H?3\V63\V61 R464 3835H * 3 jLX 387?+ ;A3846=53 O [email protected] 1 3 O[7?7 3'@ 353`1 354 ™f™, cWXfO[7B4 1 O4LBbCL3 V63šAf46O46=8 3qb
4`[email protected]^cWO[X67835M H ‹ O[464 3835H [email protected]^a[OC+j * 3'@[email protected]\3 jLX 387?;A3846=53 7 35aZ38M IA3\ IQO V6;¡ [email protected] 3lV63 4 ;AH?3354 XLIQO=53
V / C64eV 351 @[email protected]?38C6 7lO\M 97TO4LV63 X67?“R 2 R46V635C67 *
I IM LI!O I=< ?> @ P BA ‘ ˆ , ’
.0/ 3 j+X 381 7:;<384L=83DC O*Ei _ OI 7:3897:RC6XZ3 V638H IQOUZR7?O[@TR;A7?35H 7?C6H:[email protected]<34 O46VLH ^* ž IAI<3 38H @NH:;[email protected]?C 381 3 VfO4LH IA3
IQO[.= C FO Ei _ OIcS35H4 G+;<U 381 1 7?;A3c O M CL463 X67:R 2 R/2461 V635C67 VL3 ( |f| 4 * . 3NV 381 X6IAR;<@3 4 [email protected][email protected] IQO 7 381 =5C6X 351 7TO[@?;<R4 VL38H
I<;A946351 [email protected] O=8;AI<;[email protected] 38H 354 _6; a357 X61 O7I 38XfO;AH?H:3E=5R C6= _63 V63E9IQO=53 [email protected]<O= *^a 38X6C6;AH ™f™f‹ c
I<3lV [email protected][email protected]?38C67EX6+ 7?3546V VL38H V6R464 3838H OC 4 iR h384 VL3 ™S( 4 RbV6C6IA38H RX+1 @T;<BC635H 7 38XfO[7:@T;AH H?C67 ‹ I< ;A94638H
A69C67?3
38=5;YX]35$7 4`[email protected] IQOl=8RI<IQO[U]R7?O[@T;AR4 VL3EXLC6U6I<;A387PV635H7 38H:[email protected][@TH5cf384eXfO7 @T;<=5C6I<;A387 354 =53
B.! C6;W=8R46(+=835* 7?|461 &3E* 1 IQOl7?35= _6/ 387:= _63 VL3"4 O[@?;38M 7:3 46R;A7?3 H:RC6 Hv2 R7$4`3 V63B798;: 1 *
38H X67:RX67?; [email protected] 38H V63 I 3^OC V6C IQO[= 97?O46V63 OU6H:[email protected];<R4 c I<O 2 O;<ULI<3 X67:R 2 R46VL38C67 [email protected] 2 O;<ULI<38H
XZ387?H:X][email protected]?;Aa35HNV / 3'[email protected]?3846H:;<R4 1 H?XfO[@?;QOIA3! c6I<O;<H:[email protected]?387 BC & / C6463 3'1 [email protected]?C638IAI<3E3'[email protected]?;AR4 a387:HNIA3B_!4
H?357TO\V6ƒ; ¡`=5;<I<@3 4 [email protected]=8fR 4`X 3'@T;[email protected]?;Aa3 *
I IM LI!O I THYQV Y ‘ ˆ Np ’
+IJ78K5L/0/5$'&(8,+I3-.#&/1023(."547(*M+I1K*N
.0/ 3 j+X 381 7:;<384L=83 THYQV Y 7?3897?RC6XZ30V635HW;<46H @T;[email protected][email protected]“O 4 351 7?;<=8O;<4LH8c5OI<IA3 4 O46V6H][email protected]?C 381 V6R;AH * . 30V 3'1 @[email protected]
38H @ H:;[email protected]?C 31 3'jL. [email protected]?34`[email protected] OC 1 Rg IA3OG+C6V * . OE=8OI<R[@[email protected] / 9I<O=83PXZ3874 3'@ V63V 381 X6IARih387$OH:H?3FP2 O=8;AI<[email protected] [email protected]
I<35H I<;A94638H O @T35= _646;ABbCL3`=5R46H:;<H:@?3 O M [email protected];AI<;<H:387 V63lI 3^OC = _6OC6V63\H?RC6H X67?35H?H?;AR4 X]RC6H7 2 R7 4 357 C64
@T. 7:RC ˆ VfO46H * I<35BC638IW35H:@ X6IQO[=/UT381 3 HC6YQ4LV3E IAY ;<94L3 * 1 1 C6;AHI 1 / 3^OC 9635M I<3 [email protected]?RC67PV635H ˆ XL_61 [email protected] [email protected]?;<X6IA1;<=8O[@T35C67?H *
38H X67:34`;38M 7:38H0IA;<94635H"V
bKQ V 38X6IARNh 3538H>[email protected]:3
k 3'@
[email protected];<[email protected]>X6IQO= 3835HNO M 4
Q [email protected]:@T3 X67:R 2 R46VL38C67 VL3 46fR 4UL7?38CLH?38H U6C6I<IA38H$V / O[;<7 [email protected] 7 ™f381 H:™ [email protected] ™f3'@ ™ X67:R [email protected] 2 R7:™@T|f3 | V6ƒ; 2 b *
2 C6H:;<R4 V63 I<O I<C.4 ;38M 7?3 BC6; 7:3846V IQO7:38=5R46H:@?7?C6='@T;AR4 V6;ƒ¡`=5;<I<3 * 1 [email protected][email protected]?3 7TO;AH?R4 c THYQV Y bRCNc6I<O
X6_fO[H?3 H:C6;Aa[[email protected]:@ =8R46H @T; @TC 1 351 3 1 V63NIA;<914L38H XL. IQO= 381 [email protected]:3 |f| 4 [email protected] ( ||f| 4 1 V63NXL7?R 2 R4LV638C67 ^* ž 4
™f™p fc k I<R469C6T35HH0I<YQ;<9V46 38Y H"[email protected] 3'@ 3 NO ~:[email protected] 3835H * 38H p|| [email protected]?fR 4C6I @T;<XLI<;<=8O[@T35C67?H 7 35XfO7:@?;<H"H:C67 ™ I<;A94638H
=8 R46H:@?;[email protected]@
b¯8$8 ! Af9CL7?3 (+* & * : @3 g 4 3 Oe
M =538H X61 7?R 2 R46V638CL7 X6IAC6HE97TO4LV638H5c I<OeV6 ; › CLH?;<R4
V63EIQO\I<^C 4`;35M 7?3 VfO[46H I<O`1 9IQO=53E7:38H @T3 ƒ; 4 XZR7 @ [email protected][1 [email protected] IQO\7 [email protected];AR4eO469CLIQO;A7?3 463 X][email protected]^cH?35I<R4 I<35H
38TH @TH;ƒ4 YQVO[@? ;<Y R4LH8c 3'g @T7:3E;A4.2 387:;<351 C67?3 OlM BC638IABC638H V63897 38H *
35H:@ I<3\H?35C6I$V [email protected][email protected]?38C67VL3 =83'@[email protected]?3 384Sa387?9C67?3 354 2 R46='@T;[email protected] 4 [email protected]@[email protected] V638=H 4 q3 b
H?CL7?38H$H?C67$I<3 fC+j [email protected]?7?;<4LRH O ,@ 4`RH?X6_ 381 7?;ABC638H * 8KIX67:R+V6CL;[email protected] 381 9SO[I<3 4`[email protected] V635H I<ƒ; 4 ; @T35H"H?C67 I<3 fC+j
V63 [email protected]:;<46RH=5R$H 4`;<BC635H *
8KI
.
IS R X K RŸOTSŸIMLQO P
O KiL I!O K IUWV I X¶I
ˆ
. 3 X67:R ~:[email protected] A V / 3 [email protected]?;<R4 V /ŒTHYQV Y a387:H C64 _M4 X67 3'1 aR; @ I / ;<4L‘ H:@ ‹“O[’ I<IQO @T;<R4 V63 ‹f| I<;<94638H H?C6X6XZR7¸b
@ O[[email protected] OC @[email protected] O[I ˆ ‹f|f| [email protected]?Rf4C6I @T;<XLI<;<=8O[@T35C67?H * : OIA97 3E1 I<3EX67:[email protected] 4 3 V63 IQO`V6;ƒ›]C6H?;AR4 cfIA3 V 3'1 @[email protected]
.
k
.
XZRC67?7?O;[email protected] O[@[email protected]?38;</4LV61 7?3lC64L3`7 381 H:RI<[email protected]?;<R4 O[469C6I<O;<7:3 * 8K=835=8C6UZ3\H?387?OeIA3lV 351 @?38='@T38CL7 [email protected]?7?;<4LRH
V63 _M4 V63 I _ 34`;<H:X6_ 35M 7?3 H?CLV *
I IM LI!O I [Ÿ]iWEZ ‘ ˆ ™N’
-.#&/0 ( ##10 J7)& *10233 5(). 0 516*3(8R0 5 *R5
. 3NV 3'1 @[email protected] 35H:@ [email protected]$_L3'jLO9R46OI<3 V63Bk ( 4 V63 V6;<O4 35M @T7:3cSXZR7:@[email protected] ,f‹ 4`R+VLC6I<[email protected];<BC635H
H?CL7 ( 351 @TO935H * . 3H:;[email protected]?3 7?. 3'@T354bC XfO[7 1 IQO`1 =8RIAIQOUZR7TO @T;<R4e1 H:1 3lH?; @TC63 OC IQO1 7:93EV6 1 3 1 hbI<RH5c 384 7835M 1 =83c>O M
k ‹f|| 4 V63PXL7?R 2 R4LV638C67 * 38H0XL7?RX67:; 3'@ 38H0VLClH?;[email protected][email protected] [email protected] 3PIQO7:934`[email protected] [email protected]; 3538H *! 4\[email protected] ;A387 3'@ O93
V63 IQO @?RC67 ! A69C67?3 (+* k & O 3'1 @ 3 1 ; 4*4 357?9 3N1 [email protected]`4CLR46H O[@,4`RH:X6_ 381 7:;<BC635H [email protected] 3'1 @ 3 1 7?35=8R46H @T7:C6;[email protected]?H *
I LNR IK" [ # ‘ |“’
-$ &/0 ( $H*0/"#1K* 6*%#&F!7(*N
. O =8RI<IQO[U]R7?O[@T;AR4 [ # 7?3897?RC6XZ3 3 jL=5I<C6H:;Aa34`[email protected] IQOUZR7TO @TR;A7?38H ;[email protected]<;[email protected]:38= _6357?= _63[cf384
1
1
1 /
/ 1
4`38B
138= _L7 38I<: IA3 38!V6Af; @T938CL7:7?7T3 O4 (+38* 3c( &C64 35H:[email protected] ; @TX63l7?O[RVfXZORXLH 3 @1 (*3 O M 4LI 3e;<4LX6H:[email protected] O[7:@?I<IQ;<O3 @T;<V6R3 4 I V /K381 BCLC64 ;AX]@ 383 IA38 H:=8[ R#XZ3 V6Xf3 O7 @T;A_M=84;<XZ3 '* 351 9S4 OI<@3V64 35H?35;<[email protected]`O384C
X67:R~:[email protected] T*V\W3YQZ\[S] * .
.
To Shore
Calibration Laser
OM
OM
Central
Electronic Module
(CEM)
String
Electronic Module
(SEM)
Channel
Svjaska
Optical Module
(OM)
Svjaska
Svjaska System
Module
5m
System Module
Further strings
(in preparation)
Bottom Half-strings
(in preparation)
Channel
Installed 1995
5m
Installed 1993/94
OM
OM
7.5m
String 1
21m
String 5
21m
String 4
v (+*
| *)
String 2
200m
17.4m
String 3
* K/ ¯? ¯ 3,+`./ - -0
?8$32/
k
(
v (+* =( (+*
)
* K/ ¯? ¯ 3 THYQV Y 0
?8$32/
?071/ Ÿ4!BQ# 3
kfk
> j! [ #
'/?8
(+*
k )
*{ K/ ¸? ¯ 3 [S]iW³Z 0
?8$32/
kˆ
4 5
798
D8 8: [email protected]<%8
. O =5RI<I<OU]R7TO[@?;<R4 T*V\W3YQZ\[S] 7:3897:RC6XZ3 p XfO}hbHl38C67:RX 351 3846H5c>O a38= 384Sab;<7:R4 p| = _6387:= _638C67:H8c
;<4L9 381 46;A38C67:[email protected]\@T35= _646;A=8;<3546H * 1 O7$4`;PI<35HlV6;ƒ› 381 / 7:[email protected]`;<46H @T; @[email protected]?Hl; 4`X6I<;ABbC 381 HH:/ [email protected]?7?RCL [email protected] / V638H\IQO[U]R“b
7T/O @TR;A7?38H V63 X6_hbH?;ABC63 V638H XfO7:@?;<=5C6I<35H [email protected] V OH:@?7?RX6_hbH?;ABC63cOCbjLBC635I<H H Oi~:[email protected]@ I 8 G 3'@
I 8 ž : ž X][email protected][email protected]=53EBC6;YH:3E7?OX6XZR7:@?3 O`M I<O 4 357 *
. 3 V 351 @[email protected]?38C67 T*VXW!YQZ\[S] H?387?O X6I<O= 31 O M ( |f| 4 VL3NX67:R 2 R46V635C678c O M ˆ | _M4 OC I<O7?93 VL3 mJRC6IAR4
‘ ’)i* a O46HWH?OPa387:H?;<R4 O[[email protected]<IA3c5I<[email protected] 381 I<35H?=5RX]3>35H:@Y=8R4 XZRH 301 VL3 ™|f| [email protected]?Rf4C6I @T;AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C67:H]7 381 XfO7 @T;AH
H?CL 7 1 ( I<;A94635H VL3 ( 351 @TO935H * + _fOBC63 3'1 @ O193 =5fR 4`X]1 R7 @T3 k [email protected]?fR 4C6I @T;<XLI<;<=8O[@T35C67?H * 1 . 38H I<;A94635H H:[email protected]
7?35I<; 38 38HlO M CL1 463 UZR [email protected]?3 V63v~:[email protected];ARˆ 4e;<46H @ OIAI 383 354 V 38+ =534UL7?3 (“|f1 |S( 1 c38IAI<3qb¯4 3g 4`3 7?35I<; 353 O`M IQO\=bRg @?3 XfO[7
C64 =bOg U6IA3 38ˆ I<[email protected]?. 7?“R b [email protected];ABC63lV63 ‹ _M4 V63\IAR469 * 35I<C6c; bK=8;"O 3'@ *3 4 ;AH 384 XLIQO=53 A64 [email protected]?1 RU67?3 /( ||
!V A6/ C694C67?H:3 R(bC6*H;b 4 & O[* 7?;<435H0=8m [email protected]=5H @?I<;<38RH [email protected]:381 3P35H I<38H0V6IA3 ;<9X64L_38hbHdH?3';<@>BC6IQON3NUZRRC gi @TV63 3 V6=8X3 R~:[email protected]=5g @?I<3 ;<R4lO[;<H:46RH:4S;[email protected]>[email protected] C6›]3N38='I /@TOC I<;ƒ354 38H 354O M @TI O[[email protected];A;<RV643
9 351 4 381 7?OI<3>@T 7?O46H?; @T35* [email protected] XfO7JIQOUZR [email protected]?3 VLX3 ~:R46!='@T;AR4 * . vO Af9C67?3 (+* X67 381 [email protected]& 3 IA3 H:= _ 3 1 4 ONV6C V 351 @[email protected]?38C67 *
v H
D
(+*
ˆ >8 ¯ Ÿ1 q i , ! $# . 9 ? 5 / ? ,FD$1Ÿ;:S('` 3 J1Ÿ4!5!  5 ¸ (' G I ) 3E 3D 3+D72 ? !"$#&%0
'
)(!* #,+a% #S*-,
I A .-ŸOXI
Jm [email protected]?38H IA38H I<;A94638HH:[email protected] ;<[email protected];<BC6351 H * .ž I<I<35H H:[email protected] O=5=87:R+= _ 351 38H O[C H?RI Xf1O[7NC6461 3 [email protected] O[;<43b
@T354C638H O`M IQOa357:@?;<=^O[I<3EXfO7 C6463 UZRC 353 * 38C67 V6;<H:X]RH?;[email protected]?;<R4eOC H?RIY35H:@ XL7 38H:[email protected] 353 Af9CL7?3 (b* ,+* 4
V6. ;AH?XZRH?; @T;ƒ2 O=5RC6H @T;<BC63 X]357$4`[email protected]`V63e7?35I 1 Og = _6357 I<O 1 I<;<9463 HTO4LH O^aR+ ;<7 O M ;A4ˆ @?387 a384L;<7`X6_h+H:;<[email protected] 4 [email protected] *
3 =8R7:X6H\V63 IQO 1 IA;<9463 38H @ CL4n=Og U6I<3 35I<[email protected]:R“b¯4 38=8O46;A/2Bb1 CL3 !ž : & V63 | 1 4 BbCL;PH?C6X6XZR7 @T3 I<35H
[email protected]?1 7TO;[email protected] 1 4 38=8O46;ABbCL38H [email protected] H:1 387 @EOC @T7?O46H?XZR7 @ V61 3lI 381 46357?9;A3 ˆ 3'@ V638H V6R464 3835H a387:H [email protected] [email protected]?7?3\I<35H
V6; › [email protected]?H [email protected] O938H * ˆ8KQI h O ( [email protected];<1 94L3cH 35XfO7 35H V63 . c {4e1 cX]RC67 C6463 I<R469C638C61 7 @[email protected]<3
;<4LH:@T7:^C 4`[email protected] 353 V63 k ‹ + 4 H:C67"I<ON1 XfO7 @T;<3 H?CLX 387:;<38CL7?3PV63 I<ONI<;A9463 * 35H [email protected]?1 [email protected]>7?3597?RC6X 38HdXfO7 + c
2 R74 [email protected]>C64 [email protected] * _fO[BbCL3 [email protected]=8R4 XZR7:@?3kj4`RbV6C6I<35H>[email protected];ABC638H>V6;A7?;<9 38H"a357?H$I<3PUfOH5c O M k
XfO7 7?OX6XZR7:@ O M / I<O a387 @T;A=^OIA3 ! Af9CL7?3 (+* p & c C64 4 RbV6C6IA3V63\[email protected]?7 Rg IA3lI<Rb=^OI)c C64 ;<4L=8I<;A46fR 4. 35M @?7? 3 3'@
C64 =5Rf4`XfOH *Ÿa [email protected]?7?38H ;<46H @T7:C^4 [email protected] H?38 7 [email protected] O`M IQO\=^OIA;<U67?O[@T;AR4Bl6V635H UfOIA;<H:[email protected]?;<BC638H ! žJa & 3'@
c
/
£ª10 5N N^ ª«´¬°U¬VN¬20Q¦q¬° O «¦ ¨ Wi¥´ 5i®;°U¥«®¸¥$´[Wi¥ ¨43 NQ«N°U±@¥;­ ´;£
N£ª1687)9 ²:9;7 ^Nª«´¬°U¬VN¬26N­ ¦q«=®< ¦q°·´ Wi¥>7\¥®f¥;­ ®fN¥ Z O3V­\¨?3 [email protected]¨ O °U¬¦q¬° O «!Wi¥¶¨Œ¦ ²:9A7¶£
5
k
v (+*
)
* K/ ¸? ¯ ! T{V\W!YQZ\[Ÿ] 0
?8!32/
1
2
5
6
3
4
9
10
7
8
11
v 12
(+* , j >i  i '! = ¯ ¸ ! T*V\W3YQZ\[S] 0
C6463 UfOIA;<H?3PI<OH?357$XLIQO= 381 3 H?C67 C6463 I<;A9463H?X 351 =8;AfBC63 ! : 8 . & * Q C X6;A/ 38V`[email protected]:@T3 I<;<9463cSH:[email protected] X6I<O= 351 H
C64 _hbV67?RX6_6R463\XZRC67 IA3 XZRH?; @T;[email protected] 4 [email protected] O=8RC6H:@?;<BC63c O;<46H:;dBC C644 RbV6C6IA/ 3 [email protected] I<3 X]RCL7
I<3 @?7TO; @[email protected] [email protected]?;A94fOC+j X67?R [email protected] V63 [email protected]?fR 4C6I @T;<XLI<;<=8O[@[email protected] _6R7:I<R93 *
X³D
I
#$
71
4
0/ ?
R\C A I R K XI
. 3=4 [email protected];ABbCL3 ! : & ‘ (’ 38H:@NC64 351 I 31 4`[email protected]`4 Oi~:38C67 V6C V 3'1 @T38='@T35C67 * 8KI [email protected];<[email protected] I<3EX6_6Rb
@[email protected]?;<X6IA;<=8/21O[@T35C67 ! 1 : & O;A46H?+ ;LBb/ CL3NH?R4 381 IA38='@T7?R46;<BC63[cSH?R4 /2O1 I<;ƒ4 [email protected] O[@?;<R43'@ CL4 H;h+H @^[email protected] 4 3 V63 1 . žJa
H?357:a[[email protected] I 3'@ OIAR464fO[93‘ “k )’ * 35H:@"CL463>H?X6_ 35M 7?3$V630. a387:7?3 V 38XfO;AH?H:38C67JV63 c 1 [email protected] c BC6;SV61 R;[email protected] 35H?;AH:@T357
O M C64L1 3 X67?35H?H:;<R4 VL3 1 p|f| UfO7 3'@ O M I<O =8R7?7?RH?;<R4 * O H?. X6_ 35M 7?3 35H:@l=5R461 H @T;A @?C 383 V63 ( _ [email protected] ;AH?X6_ 38M 7?35H
7?35I<; 3838H XfO7 C6463 V 35X67?1 35H?H:;<R4 ;[email protected]?387:463 V63 1 (|f| 4 UfO7 * O XfO7 @T;A3 H:C6X 387:;<35C67?3 35H:@lXZ38;[email protected]?3 354 46R;<7
!R6A [email protected]?C6;<B7?C63 3 (+35* @ p XZ& RXZC6R7 C64 7;A74635; V6`4 C6;<;<H:7:383 7dIQIAOl38H H?357?;A46H?H?B;AC6U638;<IAH ;[email protected] V63 3 O[7 C+3 1 jef3'X6j+_6;<[email protected]?R;<464SH @?38B7?C64L;W3 @TRC63 = _LI /38O[[email protected] @T7:[email protected][email protected]?Rg 3 @ 3X61 cbOIQ7:O @?;<@T3 7?OV646C H$4`4`;<RbH:H?V6;AC6U6I<;3 b
I<; @ 3 1 V6Cea38 7:7?3 VfO46HIA3 U6I<35C ! 7 351 9;<R4 V63 H?3546H?;AU6;<IA;[email protected] 3N1 V638H 1 : & 38*!H a @ H?C6X 351 7?;A38C67:3 O M ™ * . 3 [email protected] O='@
£$²B°Œ«N°Mª«“´'¬­ V]R ¥«@¬ ¦ ¬° [email protected]« !°U«N¥
k
,
[email protected]?;<[email protected]:3 IA3 [email protected] [email protected]?;<X6IA;<=^O @[email protected] IQO H?X6_ 38M 7?3 38H:@ OH:H?C67/ 3 1 Xf1 O7`C64938I V63 H:;<IA;<=8R463 BbCL;
V6+ R/ ; @ XZ387 4 3'@[email protected]?7?3NVL3H4`;<46;ƒ4 ;AH?3870I<O 7:3 f3 jL;AR4 V63 IQOEˆ I<C^4`;35M 7?3Pa357?HPI 3'[email protected] 387?;A38C67$V6Ce4`R+VL/ C6I<[email protected]?;<BC63 *
38H:@`XZRC67:BbCLR;PH?R4 ;<4LV6;<=53 [email protected]?;<BC63 ! 4 G & 38H @ =5Rfˆ 4`X67?;[email protected]:3 =538IAC6; V63 I 3^O[C V63 4 357
! 4 G kfk & 3'@ =835I<C6;WVLCea387?7:3 VL3EI<OH?X6_ 38M 7?3 ! 4 G p & *
v (b* p 8>¸9! 9 4 i? ¯ 3
/>  2š i G $#%$.0 q_E 2 ! 1Ÿ; :S K1. / 4!0_I 1.q 1 / !,
2 ! š1Ÿ;:S 1> >¯š  @0
LED
v (+* ‹ ) **Q# ! 3 Ÿ >0
4 U6I<;A46VfO93`=5R46H /@T;[email protected]?C 3`1 V / CL463 =8O93`V63{AfIAH=1 4`;<4L=838H 354 b¯4 351 @TOI ! OI<IA;QOˆ93 V6+ 3{2 357 3'@ V63`46;A= _38I &
H?357:@ O M V6;ƒ4 ;A4bCL387I 3 1 › 3'@\V6Ck= _fO 4`X 4 O91 4 [email protected];ABC63 @T357?7:38H:@?7?3 !| c & ‘ ’* 3eVL387?4L;<387š4`RbV6;ƒAf3
IQO @T7?ON~:38='@TR;A7?3\V635H [email protected]?1 7?R1 4LH V63 /2 O;AU6I<3 384L387?1 9;<3`X67?;A461=8;AXfOI<[email protected] [email protected] 1 [email protected]:. 3 IQO X6_61 R[@TRb=^O[@?_6R+VL3`1 3'@I<O
X67:34`1 ;1 38M 7:3NV.hb46RbV63[[email protected] 3'@ 357?;<R7?3NI CL46ƒ; 2 R7 4 ; @ 3V63 I<O 7 35X]R46H?3 V6C : * 3NH?= _ [email protected] O (+* ‹ X67 38H:[email protected]
I<. 35H 38I [email protected] [email protected]@ IA38C67PV6;AH?XZRH?; @T;AR4 VfO46HIAB3 4 RbV6C6IA1 3 [email protected]?;<BC63 *
[email protected]?Rf4C6I @T;AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C67:H B1 C6; H?357?R9 [email protected] 34`X6I<Rih 38H [email protected] V6;QO4e1 35M @?7?3 VL3 | XZRC6=538 1 H * 8KIAHe1 H:[email protected]
V63 @¯hbXZ3 p |f‹ b ( | ! 2 OU67:;<BC 35HNXfO7 O 4 O 4 O[@TH:C & * 35C67?H =8O7TO[[email protected] 357?;AH:@T;ABC638H H:[email protected] X67 [email protected] 3835H =8;b
V635H?H?RC6H l @?/ 3 4`X6H VL3 @T7?O46H:;[email protected] / ! & V635H [email protected]/ “R b 381 [email protected]?7?R4LH [email protected]?3 4`[email protected]:3 I / ;<IAI<^C 4`;<46O[@T;AR4 V6C @TC6UZ3 3'@
I OXLXfO7?; @T;AR4 V63 I ; 4`X6C6IAH?;AR4 H:C67I O46RbV63 * k\4LH *
?8$32/
B2
1
c
k
p
z
;:
V6;AH?XZ387:H?;<R4`VLC @[email protected] XLH VL3 @?7TO46/ H:;[email protected] ! & [email protected]?R“b 351 I<[email protected]:R46H lSVL;ƒ› 381 7?3546=83 V635H @?34`X6H>V63
=5RI<[email protected]?;<R4 VL38HE= _fO7?938HEH?C67 I 384LH?34 U6I<3\V63\IQO [email protected]=^O[@?_6RbV63la387:H I<O [email protected] ;38M 7?3\V.hb46RbV63 *
kl46H *
9SO[;<4 ! z & lW7?OX6XZR7:@ [email protected]?7?3`I<3l=5RC67TO[[email protected]\I / O4LR+V63l3'@EI<[email protected]_6R[@TR“b 381 I<[email protected]?7?;<BC63 * G
| cfX]RC67PC6463 @T3546H?;AR4 V63 (|f|f| o *
3 4 [email protected] 381 3 ! & [email protected]?3 4`X6H4 381 =538H:HTO;A7?3EX]RCL7PBbCL3EI / ƒ; 4 XLC6I<1 H:;<R4 V61 3 I / O46RbV63 OC69 4 [email protected]?3
@?3 4`X6 HPV6j
V63 | O M ™| V63 HTOeaO[I<38CL7 4 O j+; 4 OI<3lIAR7?H:BbCL3 I<3`@TC6UZ3 35H:@ 35=8I<O;<7 3 XfO[7 C6463 ; 4`X6C6I<H:;<R4
IA^C 4 ;A4638CLH?3 @T7838M HU67835M a3 * l4LH *
7?OX6XZR7:@ l67?OX6XZR7:@[email protected]?3EIQOl_fO[[email protected] XL;<= [email protected] I<O\[email protected] IQO a[OIAI 381 3 ! 4 ;A46; 4 ^C 4
O^a[[email protected] I<3 X6;A= & cLH?C67IQOVL;<H:@?7?;[email protected];AR4 V635H`4`38H:C67?35H VL38H = _fO7?938H * . 3N7?OX6XZR7:@ 35H:@ = _LR;<H:;]XZRC67$X]RC+aR;A7$;AH?RIA387>C64 [email protected]“R b 381 [email protected]?7?R4 C646;ABbCL3 (+! * X]3 & * : O;<H>@TRC6H
I<35H H:;<94fO[C+jn384SaRih 381 H XfO7 I<3 @TC6/ UZ3 4L3 [email protected] XfOH V63 1 XZ3 I<[email protected][@T;AR4 V63 I / O“4 X6IA;ƒAf=8O[@T;AR4
X67:RhaR+BC63eC6463 V6;AH?XZ387:H?;<R4 VL3eI “O 4 X6IA;[email protected]?C6V63 VL3eI<O 7 35X] [email protected] [email protected]?;<X6IA;<=8O[@T35C67 Q* a 3 X6I<CLH
;<I X][email protected]:7?;Aa387 BC63 X6IAC6H?;A38C67:H [email protected]?R46H 1 O7:7?;Aa1 [email protected] VfO4LHeCL4 ;[email protected]/ 7 a[OI<IA3 V63 @[email protected] XLH @T7?RX =8RC67 @
XZR1 C67 X67:R aRbBbCL387 + X6I<CLH?;<35C67?H1 ƒ; 4 XLC6I<H:;<R46H H 35XfO7 3838H Q* a O46H =83l=8OH I O 4`X6I<; @TC6VL3 V6C H:;<94fO[IdXZRC67?7?O
V 35XfOH?H:387 XZ3 * 38=8;Y7:38X67 [email protected] 4`R;A46H V63 ( VL38H =^OH *
7
7
D
I ' L
K
RC61 7$4bC.4 351 7?;<H:387$I<381H H?1 ;A94fO1 Cbj H:R7:@[email protected] V61 35H 1 : cL1 O“Af4 / VL3 I<35H @?7TO46H:X]R7:@T357X~:C6H:BC / O M IQO =Rg @T3[c+CL463
X6C6=53 35I<[email protected]:R46;ABbCL3 O 3'@ 3 H?X 35=8;<OI<[email protected] [email protected] 35a35I<RXLX 383 lZI Q OG=‘ ’ cQ‘ ,“’)*
a O46H ™‹ V635H>=^OH5cSI<38H01H:;<946OC+jlH:[email protected] O M / 354Sa+;A7?R4 X]3 * mJR1 C6H>=835H$H:;<94fO[C+j ! O1 X6XZ38I 351 H¶/ 4 RbV63G 1 ž &
[email protected] 4e3g 4`38H =^[email protected] 387:;<H:@?;<1 BC635H8cd;AI$4 35H:@lV6R46= XfOH 4 38=538H?H?O;<7:3 V63 4C^4 387:;<H:387I [email protected]<3 / V6C
H?;A94fOI * G+;fIA3 H:;<946OIf38H / @ C64 G ž cb;AIf=8R7:7?35H?XZR46V O M C64 9SOUfO7:;[email protected] ! Af9C67:3 (b1 * ™ [email protected] & 3'@ H:38C61 IAH$I O“4 b
X6IA;[email protected] ! O[C3bKV635H?H:C6H$V C64`H?35C6;<I & [email protected]>IA3 @[email protected] 1 X6H0VL3 X6OH?H?O1 [email protected] =89 R46H?357:a 38H * G+;LI<3PH? ;A94fOI+V / 38X6OH?H:3 IA3
9SOU6O7?; @ ! Af9C67?3 (+* ™ c1 UfO[H & c;AI638H @ OIAR7?H 35= [email protected];AI<IAR464 3 O M | c p P ! 4 RbV63 7 & c3'@ I [email protected]
V6. CeH?;A94fOI 35H:/@ 384SaRN 1 h 3 O\M I<Ol/ =bRg @?3 *
3`@?3 4`X6HEV O[7?7?; a 383`+ V63 I ƒ; 4 XLC6I<1 H:;<R4 35H:@ V 351 @?38$7 4`;<4 3 1 H:C67 CL463 X 381 7?;AR+VL3 V6.03`/ I / _6Rw 7:I<R93l=81 fR 4`1 X6I 3'1 @ 351 3
XfO1 7 C6463 aO[I<38CL7 ! m o & V6R464 351 3NXfO[7$IA3 =5R4Sa387 @T;A9 H?H?35C67 @[email protected] 4 XL;H b @?3846H:;<R/ 4 * _6R7:I<R93 9 354 387?OI<3 V6C
V 3'@T38='@T35C67H2 R46='@T;AR46463 w¯O M w C6463=2 7 38BC63546=83 V63 ( | : P * Q C XfOH:HTO93 V CL463; 4`X6C6IAH?;AR4eOC3bKVL38H?H:C6H
V6C H:38C6;AIcI<3 =8R4Sa357:@?;<+ H?H:[email protected]?3 4`X6;H [email protected]?;<1R4 V6R464L3 IQO a1 O[I<38CL7 V63 IQO @?3846H:;<R4 =5/ R7?7:38H:X]1 R4LVfO4S/ @T3 O M =53
@[email protected] XLH V63 XfOH:HTO93 * 35=8;JX]357$4`1 [email protected] V63 V [email protected]$4`1 ;<46357X67 / 35=8;<H:34`384S. @ [email protected]?34`X6H V O[7?7?;1 a 383EV63 I ;ƒ4 X6CLIb
H?;AR4 ! + | \4LH & [email protected]<OX 387:;<RbV63 =8R46=5387:4 383 V63 I _6R7?IAR93 * O A69C67?3 (+*-( | V 35=87?; @ I<3 X67:;<46=5;<XZ3
V6. Cem o *
3\@T7TO[;[email protected]@4 [email protected] 354 4`R+V63š7 4 RUL;<I<;AH?3I / Q .G X][email protected] ‹ He‘ p ’)* 1 RCL7 351 ab; @T387EC6463 O1 C69b
4`[email protected] O[@?;<R4 V6C @T3 4`X6H 4`R7 @XfO7lIA3 @?3 4`X6HlV63 @T7?O;[email protected]?3 4`[email protected] VL38HlH?;A94fOCbj c ( Q OG [email protected]\X67 35abC6H
XfO7 4`R+VLC6I<3 [email protected]?;<BC63[c>O“Af41 BC63 I<3 H?35=8R4LV X67?3546463eI<3 7?35IQO;AH\I<R7:H?BC63 I<3 X67:34`;<387\351 H:@ 1 R+=5=8C6X 3 1 *
4 @?7?R;AH?;3M 4`3 Q .G 35H:@ X67 [email protected] X]RCL7 = _fOBC6š3 4`R+VLC6I<[email protected]?;<BC63c]X][email protected]?O;[email protected]?387 I<38H 35a [email protected] 4 [email protected]
X67:Rha384fO[[email protected] V63 IQOlUfO[I<;<H:3 [email protected]?;<BC63 ! X6O7TO97TOX6_L3 (+* k * ( O & *
+ _6OBC63 X6CL=83 Q .Gk38H @ ;[email protected] 381 97 381 3eH?C67`C6463 =^O7 @T5
3 4 35M 7?3[c038I<IA3 b 4 @3g 4 1 3 ;A46H 351 7 381 3eH?CL7 IA3e= _6OH?H:;<H
+
2
/
1
[email protected]?384fO[[email protected] @[email protected] I 38I<[email protected]?7?R46;ABC63 V63 [email protected] Rg I<3 * 3 = _fOH?H:;<H 351 H:@eX6IQO[= 3 VfO[46H C64 [email protected]?384635C67 . 384
@T; @ O4L3 =^O[XfOU6IA3 V63 7 38H:;<H:@?387 O[C+j [email protected][;<[email protected] X6_ hbH?;<BC635H X67 [email protected]?38HeOC 2 R4LV V63 IQ?O 4 357 * 35H
1
4 £"3
! ­¦ «´° ¬#! ° R¥;5ZN­¥$¦3W
$£"%Q«¦q¨ O'& 7\°Œ«(& 5i¦+RZN¨Œ¥;­
)£*5}°Œ«(@& ¨U¥¶µfFOq¬O 9Ÿ¨U¥$®¯¬­ O «
*,+£¤ ¦,± ¥ 6][email protected]­R
*'@* £"! ° R ¥.9- O ¨U¬¦/@& ¥10 O «}± ¥­¬¥SVN­
k‹
mode simple
2,5 pe
20 ns
mode complexe
mode simple
mode complexe
v (+* (“| q ? 1> _A 1>3
/ ¯ 32š /? 1Ÿ_?/ { ¸32 1>HQ# +D
0
q/ i/ "! j 2 1Ÿ!Œ .+* )/ ' * .1/@0
v (+* ™ j ? q 2šŸ >, / / / 32
>')8 0 )S $# 2 1Ÿ!Œ , ¸5. 45 q+2 ! 2 1Ÿ '(
4Ÿ 9/ )8 '* 2' 9 / 0
=8R4 XZRHTO[[email protected]?38H ;<46=5I<C635H VfO4LH =83 [email protected] 4 bR V6C6IA3 VL3 [email protected]?7 Rg [email protected] 351 [email protected] 381 38H\VfO[46H IA3
XfO7?O97?OX6_63 H:C6;Aa[[email protected] *
CED
I A I K}LRŸO Q I CQI RŸO }K LR A I
6_ OBC63 351 @TO1 93 38H:1 @ 1 381 BC6;<X 3 1 V / C64 4`R+V6CLI<3 V63 [email protected] Rg I<3 IAR+=8OI ! . + : < & * . 38H =8O7:@?38H BC / ;<I
[email protected]?;<[email protected] H:[email protected] 354C^4 357 3538H =8;b V638H:H?RCLH l
= 8O7:@?3 4 38M 7:3 V635H UZRC6H:H?RIA38H l 38IAI<3 XZ387$4`[email protected]`V6354`38H?CL7?387 IQO V6;A7?38='@T;AR4nw 3'@ I / ;A46=8IA;<4fO[;<H?R4 V6C
4`R+VLC6I<3
=8O7:@?30V6C H hbH:@^3 M 4`3 VL30V 381 =5I<384L= _634`[email protected]\lh38IAI<3"XZ3874 3'@WV6309 351 7?357WI<38HW4L;Aa38OC+j VL30V 381 =5I<384L= _634`[email protected] *
8KI h O kl46; a3^O[C+(
. | [email protected][email protected] I<j 35HPl V6R464 381 38H 384eH?R7:@T;A3 V63 I / Q OG [email protected] 38467:389;AH:@?7 381 35H
. l6=8*R EiA46=8;AV6384L=838H I<Rb=^O[I<38H H?C67C64 351 @TO93
. ( l ( =58R Ei<4L=8;<VL3846=538HI<Rb=^OIA38HPO[C 4`R;<4LH VfO46HIA3 V 351 @[email protected]?38C67
V. + L3 I / _6R7?IAR93 l+38IAI<3 V6;AH:@?7?;<ULC63 I<3 H:;<94fO[I V63 I / _6R7:I<R9(3 4 35M 7?3 XZRC67PI<OHhb46= _67:R46;<H?O[@T;AR4
=8O7:@?3E
V635H :
=8O7:@?3 V / O=5BbCL;<H?; @T;AR4 VL38H VLR464 351 38H l 38I<IA3 X]35$7 4`[email protected] 381 9SOIA3 4`[email protected] @?7TO4L$H 4`[email protected][email protected]?7?3 I<35H =5fR 4 b
4 O46V635HV63 [email protected] I<3 O[H hb46= _67:R463 *
.0/ [email protected] 4U6IA3 V635H V6R4L4 381 35HV / C64 . + : ! wVLR464 351 38HV63 X6_ hbH?;<BC63[cdV63 [email protected]?7 Rg IA3 O;H hb46= _67?R463 & H:[email protected]
7?3597?RC6X 381 35H XfO7 [email protected] 7 ! 351 @ O[938H & a357?H IA3 4`R+/VLC6I<3 . V6+ 3 [email protected] I<3 4 O gi @T7:3 ! : . 1 + : & V63 =53
[email protected]?38C675cWBbCL;"[email protected] 4 X6IA;[email protected] 389SO[I<3 4`[email protected] IA38HH 2 [email protected]?;<R46HN+ V CL4 : * 8KI"384SaR;<3lI<35H V6R4L4 3835H O[C w X6;<35V V63
IQ. OIA;<9+ 4L3c OlM C64 [email protected]?7?3B4`R+V6/2CL1 I<3 V63 [email protected]?7 Rg IA3 l6IA3 G : *
%3 G : [email protected]?;<[email protected]@[email protected] I [email protected]?7?R4L;<BC63>V6C [email protected] I<3 Ow ;H h+4L= _67?R4L3cVL3$I / _6R7?I<R93c^VL38HJ;<46H @T7?.C 4 [email protected]?H
V 35/ 1 V6; 351 HlOC XZRH?; @T;<R464634`[email protected]=8RCLH:@T;ABC63cdO;<46H:;$BC / OC+j UfOIA;<H?35H I<OH?357 * GbR4 7 Rg IA3 35H:@ 351 9SOI<[email protected] [email protected]
V 384SaiR [email protected] 7:38=535aR;<7 @[email protected] I<35HN;<34 2 R$7 4 O[@T;[email protected]?7?3lI<35HH 4`R+VLC6I<[email protected] I<3VL3IQO`I<;<9463 3'@
IQO=Rg @T3[c6ab;QOlIQOlUZR [email protected]?3 V63 ~:R46='@T;<R4 *
+
.
*$¢N£ }O ®¦q¨ 0 @O «@¬­[email protected]¨²$OWVN¨Œ¥
*M£ª«N°U¬°·¦q¨Œ°·´¥6ei± ¥;\ ­°¥³¥¸¬[R ¥;¬-¦P O3VN­\¨Œ¥´ Z ¦ ­¦3R ¥¸P ¬­¥$´ iW ¥$´\®;¦ ­¬¥´a¥\ ¨U¥$®¯¬­ O «° bdVN¥$´;£
* / £$²j¦@´'¬¥;­ O}®¦q¨M®SO «¬­ O ¨²$OWVN¨Œ¥
* 5N£*5¬­°Œ«(&0 O «¬­[email protected]¨M²$OWVN¨Œ¥
k™
X¶R @ K}I CXI RŸO K RŸO
I3D
. O UZR gi @T3EV63v~:[email protected];AR4 ! Af9C67:3 (+*-( & 7?3=8 R; @ I<O\@?3846H:;<R4 4 381 =835H?H?O;<7:3 O M I / OIA; 4`[email protected] O[@?;<R4 VL3 I / 384!b
[email protected] V6C\V 351 @[email protected]?38C67>3'@>. IQO 7?35V6;<H @T7:;<U6C6 3 OC+j\IA;<94635H * + 351 @:@[email protected]?;AR4\38H:@>354SaRih 381 3NVL3P1 IQO =bR[g 1 @T3 ab;QO IA3
=bO[g / U6I<3 35I<38='@T1 7:R“[email protected];<BC63 * [email protected]?7TO46H;2 R7$4 O[@?38C67 35H:@ X6I<O= 3 VfO46H . C64 =5Rf4 X61 O7:@?; 4`[email protected] H 38XfO71 3cW7:34`X6I<;
V _C6;<IA3 V6; 35I<[email protected]:;<BC63 X]RCL7C64 4`38;<IAI<35C67 7:[email protected] 7:R;<V6;AH?H:34`[email protected] * 35HV6R4L4 3835H\@?7TO4LH?;[email protected][email protected] 359SOI<[email protected] [email protected]
XfO7PI<OlU]Rhgi @T3 VL3 ~:[email protected]?;<R4 *
v H7
S#S! U%9# *
,
(+*-(
%
>8 ¸*!"J5 !/ ¸=! ? Ÿ0
+ * ( #7% #S*-,$,!
X,
%
&
"
&
% )* % X"!
. O X67 381 =5;<H?;AR4\O469C6IQO;A7?3 V /UT{V\W!YQZ\[Ÿ] [email protected]<ON7?35=8R4LH:@T7:[email protected]?;<R4\[email protected][=838H0VL38H¶4C6R46H0V 381 [email protected]
V63 IQO7 381 H:RI<[email protected]?;<R4 @?34`. X]R7:38IAI<3NVLC V 3'1 @T35=51 @T35C61 78cZO;A46H?; BbCL3 V63 I<O=8R4646O;<H:HTO46=53 VLC XZRH?; @T;[email protected] [email protected]
H?X6O[@T;<OIWV638H I<;A94638H * 1 38H V61 ;<H:X]RH:;[email protected]?;ƒ2 HPV 35V6; 35H`O\M IQO\=^OIA;<U67?O[@T;AR4 @[email protected] XZR7?35I<IA3 [email protected] XZRH?; @T;[email protected] [email protected]
V635H IA;<94635H [email protected] X67 38H:[email protected] 35HNVfO4LH IA38HV635C+jeXfO7?O97TO[X6_638HH:C6;Aa[[email protected] *
D
BA "XQL K 'RŸO KiI RSLNI A A I
. ON4 381 =835H?H:;[email protected] 3P1 VL3 IQON=8OI<;AU67TO @T;<[email protected]?34`X]R7:38IAI<30ab;<[email protected] 2 O;[email protected] BC63PIQO4 35H?C67:3 V638H"@?34`X6HdV / O7:7?; a 351 3
V635HdX6_6R[@TR46H + ) 387:381 4^_[Rha V6R; @$35g @T7:3$3 › [email protected]?C 1 381 3 O a38= CL463$XL7 381 =5;<H:;<R4 V63$I / R7?V67:3 VL3 46H IQO7 381 H:RI<[email protected];<R4
@[email protected] 4 XZR7:38I<IA3 V6CeV [email protected]?/ 38='@T38CL7 V6R;[email protected] 3'g @T7?3 ;A4.2 387:;<38CL7?3 . O M + | c \46H *
4ž \[email protected]/ 4 ;A387"IA;<38C c[I _6R7?I<R93$;[email protected]:463PV63P= _fO[BbCL3 : XZ387$4`[email protected]"V63 4 35H?C67:38. 70+ IA3 V 381 =8/OIQO[93 [email protected]?34`X6H
O^. a35=NI _6R7:I<1R93PX67?;A46=8;AXfOI<3[c=83 BC6;ZOH?H:C67?3 IQO H hb46= _67:R46;<H?O[@T;AR4 [email protected]?3 I<35H : * G h ON~:[email protected][email protected] VL38H
3 4 35H?C67:387 I<3\@T34`X6H V63 @?7TO46H:;[email protected]=4 Rih384
žJa 1 X6IQO[= . 3835HVfO4LH = _fOBC63 4 [email protected];ABC638H “O Af4 V6{
V635H : * O`=^OIA;<U67?O[@T;AR1 4 [email protected]@3 4 X6H 7?35IQO[@?;Aa3 351 [email protected]?7?3 I<38H 4`R+V6CLI<[email protected];<BC635HN35H:@ [email protected] 354C6397hOg =83 O M
V635H UfOIA;<H?35H R1 [email protected];<BC635H 7 38XfO7 @T;A38H H:[email protected][email protected] + IA3NV 3'@[email protected]@EO M C6463NUfOI<;AH?3 IQOH:387$X6IQO= 1 383 H?C67 I<O IA;<9463
;<4LH:@T7:^C 1 4`[email protected] 353 ! aR;<7$XfO7?O97TO[X6_63 p+* k * &/ * 38H V635C+j V6387:46;<357?H ;H h+H @^@3M 4 35H X][email protected] 389SOIA3 4`[email protected] @T7:3
[email protected]?;<I<;AH 35H/ X]RCL=7 4`38H:C67?357 I<OeIAR469C635C67 V [email protected]?;<R4 [email protected] IQO I<R4L9C638CL7EVL3 V6; › C6H:;<R4 V63 IQO I<.C 4 ;38M 7?3
VfO4LH I 38OC *
F C O A I R>KiR A K A KiIXL# . 3 @?3 4`X6H>V63 @?7TO4LH?;[email protected] 4`iR h384 V6C [email protected] [email protected]?;<X6IA;<=8O b
@T35C67 35H:@ 4`138H:C67 3 1 / 97 Og =53`O M C64L3 . žJa ! V6;<RbV63 351 I<[email protected]:“R bKIA^C 4`;<[email protected] & 3834 2 38$7 4 381 3NVfO46H CL463 =^O[X6H?C6IA3
46R;A7?3 X6I<O= 353 O\M I O[7?1 7?;38M 7:3 V63 @TRCLH IA38HX6_6R[@TfR [email protected];AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C67:H ! Af9C61 7:3 (+* ‹ & * 46/ 3ERCLa357:@?C67?3EV63
4*4 XZ3874 3'@lV63 H [email protected]?;<R4L46387CL463 2 O;AU6I<3 2 7TO='@T;AR4 V63 IAC^4`;38M 7:3 [email protected] ;AH?3 [email protected] ;AI<IAC^4 ;A46387 I<O X6_6R b
@TRb=^O @T_6RbV63 O M 1 @?7TO^a357?H IQO Af463`=8RC6= _L3 V / OI<.C 4 ;A46;<^C 4 X67 381 [email protected] OeM I / O1 7?7:;35M 7?3lV6C 1 : * + 3`H hbH @^3M 4`3
XZ387$4`[email protected] a 357?;ƒA6387I<3 @?34`X6HV63 @T7TO[46H?; @V6C67TO[[email protected] I<OX67?;AH?3 V63 V6R464 3838H *
ˆ|
. žJa* + 35HNUfOIA;<H:38H [email protected] 3 X6V6I<O;A=H?XZ351 38RH H?; [email protected];2W7 38I<H [email protected]?C6C64 [email protected]<7 ;[email protected] 46V6V67:353 H(_64 3'RbjLV6O9C6RIA384fHORI [email protected]?R;<[email protected]= H8_fc O3'[email protected] C6ˆ3B2 UfOO=5I<3 ;AH?=835RfH 4`[email protected];<7:[email protected]?C63 35H
[email protected] ;A46=8IAC638HXfO7PIA;<94L3 * + 35H . žJa 1 XZ3874 3'@[email protected][email protected] V / ;AI<IAC^4 ;A46387 ‹ O M | 3'1 @ O938HV / C6463E/2I<;<1 9463NaR;<H?;A463c
35. @EC64 X6_6R[@[email protected];AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C67 X6I<O= 3lVfO[46H IQO UfOIA;<H?3 4 35H?C67:3 [email protected]4` X6H )a+7?O; VL3`I [email protected] ;AH?H:;<R4 VL38H
žJa*
< BA @I A IML + fR 4{4`3 H:R4 46fR 4 I / ;<4LV6;<BC63[c]= / 35H:@ C64 I<OH?357NBC6; [email protected] 4 3'@ V63=5RC67 @T38H 3'@ ;<[email protected]?3846H:38H
; 4`X6C6IAH?;AR46H IA^C 4`;<46/ 35C6H?35H * 8KI35H:@ X6IQO= 3>1 1 OC X6;<351V V63>IQOPI<;A9463";A46H:@?7?^C 4`[email protected] 351 3 ! aR;<7WXfO7?O97?OX6_63 p+* k * & c
[email protected] 35H:@ =^OX6OU6I<3 V ;AI<I<.C 4 ;A46387$IQO 4`R;[email protected] 3 V6CeV [email protected][email protected]?38C67 *
< BA @I=R K XI +
X³D (R K RŸOQOQI I!O K
. O XL7 381 =5;<H:;<R4`@T34`XZR7?35I<I<3 O[@:@T3546V6C63 35H:@PVL3 46H * 463 357?7?35C67 V63 46H$H?C67 IA3 @?34`X6H V / O7:7?; a 351 3
V6351 H [email protected] + ) 357?384._R a 381 BC6;Aa[O/ [email protected] O M C6463\357?7?35C6 7EV63 (( [email protected] H?CL7 IA3lX] RH:;[email protected]?1 ;<R464L34`[email protected] H?XfO @T;QO[I"V6C
V. 3'@T38='@T35C67 * 8KI 2 [email protected] V6R46= BbCL3 I 387?7:38C67 H?C67 I<3`X]RH:;[email protected]?;<R464L34`[email protected]:R;[email protected] ;<4.2 357?;A38C67:3 O M [email protected][email protected]?3 a[OI</ 35C67 *
3 XZRH?; @T;[email protected] [email protected] 7?35IQO[@?;ƒ2 [email protected]:3 I<35H IA;<94635H\38H:@ [email protected] 354C XfO7 C64 HhbH [email protected]^3M + 4`3 O=5/RC6H @T;<BC63 V C6.463
XfO7 @^c [email protected]<35H ;A46=8IA;<46Rf4e35M @?7?351H 3'@lI<35H =8R4 XfO[1 HX6IQO[= 38H1 VfO46H= 1 _6OBC63 : c"1 V [email protected]?7?3 XfO[7:@ / * 3
XZRH?; @T;<R.046/463 4`[email protected]\O[U6H?RIACkV6CnV [email protected][email protected]?38C67`38H @ V [email protected]$4`;<4 3 X6O7 G I<R7:HlV61 C V 38X6IAR;<[email protected] [email protected] C6463
I<;A9463 * 357?7:38C67\H?CL7lI<3 XZRH?; @T;<R46463 4`[email protected] 4 [email protected];ABbCL38H\38H @ ;A4.2 387:;<35C67?3 O M | [email protected] ‘ ™,’ c
‘ f, |“’)*
(R K 'R OQOXI I3OŸK LI A K G+C67 = _fOBC63 3'1 @ O93cfC64 =8fR 4`XfOH 4 35H?C67:3 I / R7?;<[email protected] O[@?;<R4 3'@NI<O`7:[email protected] O b
@T+ ;AR4 V63`IQO 1 I<;A9463c [email protected] ;A46=8IA;<46R4 3'M @T7?35H(4`[email protected] I / ;<46=5I<;A4fO;<H:R4 XfO[7E7?OX6XZR7:@ O M IQO a357:@?;<=^O[I<3 *
17 3538XfH>OV67 @TR;<46H>4 H:38C6357 H>I<X]O 35IA$7;<94`4L353 @?* @[email protected] H V6_ 3PhbV67?357?=8RRXL4L_6H:[email protected]:C635H ;<7:7?3P3 IQ=8 HO R;2 aR387 4S4 @ 3 I<38V6H>38H>H:;<I<9;A4f946O[C+35H j f* Oa =83 RC6X6H:I<[email protected]?;<H5BcC6H?38; jlH$X6_ hb7?RbV6V67?RC6X6; @T_6H>[email protected]?H:7?RR4S;[email protected]
31 4`[email protected]:@T35C67?H>X6I<O= 351 H>[email protected]\V 351 @?38='@T38CL7 * . [email protected]?34`X6H0V / O7?7:;Aa 381 3PVL38H>H?;A94fOC+j38H @[email protected]+;<IA;<H 3 1 XZRC67038H @T;cb
4`3878cXfO[7 @?7?;QO[469C6I<O[@T;AR4 cI<OEXZRH?; @T;AR4\V63N= _fO[=8C64 V635H _ hbV67?RX6_6R4635HPH?C67$IQO I<;A9463 * 3'@[email protected]?3NXZRH?; @T;<R4
38H @ [email protected]^a38= C6463 X67 351 =8;<H:1;<R4`V63 I / R7?V67:3V63HkE=4 * + 3 XZRH?; @T;[email protected] [email protected] 7:38IQO @T;ƒ2]38H @ H:C6;Aab;@[email protected]
OC I<R469\V638HX67:;<H?35HV63 VLR464 3538H *
(R K 'R OQOXI I3OŸK X @R A . O X]RH?;[email protected]?;<R4 OU6H?RI<C63 V6CkV 3'1 @[email protected]`38H:@\V 351 @T35$7 4`;<4 351 3 OC 4 iR h384
V63 1 U6OI<;AH?38H . O=5RC6H:@?;<BC635H ALj 381 35H OC X61 ;A38V V63 1= _fOBC63 I<;A9463 1 [email protected] V638H U6OI<;AH?38H X6IQO[= 381 35H [email protected] V6C
V 3'@T38='@T35C67 * 38C67XZRH?; @T;AR4 38H @ 7:38IA35a 383EXfO7 G IAR7?HPV6C V 35X6I<R;<3 4`[email protected] IA;<94L38H *
H
* % [#,( U%9# *-,
&
"
# S# "
#,
0. /2351 a[OIACfO[@T;AR4 V635H =^[email protected] 381 7:;<H:@?;<BC635H V6C H?;[email protected][email protected] VLC?4`;<IA;<35C 4 O7?;A4 38H @ ; 4`X]R7:@ O[[email protected]?3 * 8KI"38H @ ;<43b
V6. ;AH?XZ3846H?OU6I<3PVL3 =5R46/ 4fO [email protected]:3cX6O703'j+34`X6IA3cIA38H0X67:RX61 7?; 351 1 @ 381 H>[email protected]?;<B1 C638H0VL3 I / 38OC cRC`I<O 1 U6;<RbKHTO[I<;<H:H?C67:3 *
3 X67:R91 7T“O 4{4`3 V 3 jL1 XLI<R7?O[1 @T;AR4 V635H H?;[email protected]?38H 35H:@ V 35V6; + 3 O M =835H 3'@TC6VL38H8c [email protected] O V6R464 3 IA38H ;A4.2 R7$4 Ob
@T/K;AR1 46H 4 38=538H?H?O;<7:38H X67 38H:[email protected] 35381 H VfO46H =83'@[email protected]:38='@T;<R4 * 3 X67?R97TO 4*4 3 H:3X]RC67?H:C6;[email protected] O“Af4 V63 H?C6; a+7:3
I 35aRI<[email protected];<R4 V63 =835H 1 =8O7TO='@ 3'@T;<H @T;ABbCL38H8c 4 O;AH OC6H:H?; 384 abC63 V63 @T7:RCLa387 I<3 4`38;AI<I<35C67 H:;[email protected]?3 X]RCL7
;<4LH:@ O[I<I<357 IA(3 2 [email protected] 3'@[email protected] V63 _M4 *
D
I? KiI
. 35H =5R+R7?V6R4L4 381 35H 9 381 R97?OX6_6;ABC638H0V6C`H?; @T3PH:[email protected] ˆ ( | / Ec , | / ž! Af9CL7?3 (+*-(( & * . O XL7?R^j+; 4`;[email protected] 3 1
V6. 35H ;A4.2 7TOH @T7:[email protected]?C67?351 HE1VL3`I / 8 ž : ž ! . OHG+3 hb463 b H?C67¸b;: 357 & 2 O[ =8;<IA;[email protected]?3 I<35H V 381 X6IAR;<[email protected] [email protected] 384?4`387 *
38HE=8R4LV6;[email protected]?;<R46BH 4 [email protected] 38R7:RI<R9;<BC635H8c]@?38IAI<38H BC63`IQO ab;[email protected]?38H:H?3 3'@EIQO V6;<7:38='@T;<R4 V6C [email protected][;<46H:;0BbCL3 I<O
[email protected] V63`IQO _6RC6IA3 [email protected] 351 @ 3 1 351 @?C6V6; 381 38H X][email protected] ˆ O4L4 381 35HH?C67 I / gi<IA3aR;AH?;<4L3 V63 1 R7?BC6387:RI<IA38H *
.
ˆ
. 38HP=5R46V6; @T;<R46H 4 351 =838H:HTO;A7?35H XZRC67 I<3 V 351 X6I<R;<34`[email protected] V638HI<;A94635H ! CL463 _6RC6IA3 ;<432 381 7?;A38C67:3 O M c 4 3'@
C6463 a+; @T35H?H?3/ V6C [email protected] ;<4.2 351 7?;<35C67?3 O M ( 4LR+35C6V6H 1 & V6R;Aa384S+ @l/ 3'g @T7?3 [email protected] X6IA;<35H [email protected] I<35HNRX 351 7TO[@?;<R4LH
38œ4 4`3875c = 35H:@ O M V6;A7?3 [email protected] k5~:RC61 7?H =8R46H [email protected];2 H * 38H @ [email protected]?3 4 O; [email protected] [email protected]4 U67?3 BC63 =538H
=8. R46V6;[email protected]?;<[email protected]*I<V\3 W3X6YQIAC6Z\HP[S]H?RCLa1 3541 @NX67 [email protected]?1 38H X6IAC6HV63 2 R;<HPXfO7 4`R;AH *
3 1 H:RIYV6C H:;[email protected]?3
O [email protected] 3E;<1 4LH?XZ/ [email protected] 3 XfO[7 IA3 H?RC6H¸b¯4 O7?;A4 1 I<3 NO[[email protected];AI<3 JVL3 I / 8 ž : ž 384
V 35=83 4 1 U67?3 ™f™‹L1 * 8KI"35H:@E=8R4LH:@T; @TC 3lV C64L3`UZRC63lH:RI<;[email protected] 353\X]RCL7(h X6I<O=8357 I<38H IA;<94L38H8c][email protected] IA3
7?35I<3'a 3 UfO @T_ h!4 1 3'@T7?;ABC63 ! Af9CL7?3 (+*-( k & 4`[email protected]:3 Bb CL3 IA3 H?;[email protected]?3 38H @ BCfO[H?; 4`1 [email protected]\X6I<O[@ * 463 P8R463 V63
k 4 V63 =bRg @ [email protected] I<OX][email protected]?3 38H:@@?7838M H 2 O;AU6I<3
c [email protected];W4L3EXL7 38H:[email protected] OC6=5C6463EO46R4 OIA;<3
@TR|fX]| R97TOX6_L;<BC63 O 351 @ 3E1 7:[email protected]?384C63 XZRC67P=538H =^[email protected] ! 381 7:;<H: @?;<p BC635& H *
v (+*-((5
v (+* ( k / `/ / / 5 8 EF2 / q;:>j$}Ÿ*!
 2 @ 0UIX i J _1Ÿ;:S32 > 1Ÿ 'H _1> +D
2
Q# E!1Ÿ ? j =K/ ¸? ¯ !0
JT* V\¯ W3YQ40Z\i/ L[S4] 3198!;:S ¸
0
A
. 38HPXfO[7TO4 35M @[email protected] BC63 I<O HTOIA;<46; @ 3 1 RC [email protected]4`X 351 7TO[@?C67?3 VL3 I / 3^OC [email protected] O;[email protected]$I / RU!~:3'@PV63 X6IAC6H?;A38C67:H
=^O“4 Xf1 O[94638HNV63 4`38H?CL7?38H * . O 1 HTO[I<;<4L;[email protected] 3 1 V6R;[email protected]'g @T7:3=8R4L4bCL3\O a38=lX67 381 =5;<H?;AR4 cZ=^O7NIQO`ab; @T38H:H?3lV6C H:R4
384 ˆfV ˆ 38XZ 38 [email protected]\=538IAI<3 b =8; 38H @l4 38=538/ H:HTO;A7?3 XZRC67I<O 7?35=8R46H @T7:C6=51 @?;<R4kO=5RC6H @T;<BC63 *¶ž I<IA3 35H:@\H: @TO+ U6IA3 O M
k c
9 VL3 H?35I XfO7=_b9 V 38OC 3 4 3g 4`3 I<[email protected]@4 X 387TO @TC67:3 463 a[O7:;<3`XfOH l kLc
4
7?3'‹ a[O46= _63 I<O ! ab;[email protected] H?H:3 V6C [email protected][O& 7:*³;<3 a V63 ( O M ™ =4[1 H8c [email protected]:@l354 4`Rih35ˆ 46463 V63 p (=4[H * * ž GLO
V6;A7?38='@T;AR4 X67?; ab;<I 359;<3 I<3 H:3846H ž H:@ b C638H @N=5Rf4{4`3 ;<4LV6;<BC 3 H:C67IQO Af9CL7?3 (+*-( *
v (+*-( ˆ j,? G 4?8> % (/i¯ i G ,¸ % ? !>` !{
¯ T*V\W!YEZ\[S] '
2
!_i/ j ,= ¸ #0 # / ?8.31Ÿ, %0XIX ? ! 3, ." 4!, !a4?8> ? q, 3D
1>Ÿ! >
G ! 1 / ! j! ! 0
ˆ
(
X³D =LNR L# I K I R K XI
. O @?7TO4LH?XfO7:3846=53 V63 I / 3^OC [email protected] I<O V6;› CLH?;<R4 V63 IQO IAC^4`;38M 7:[email protected] VL38C+j XfO7?O4 3'M @T7:38H ;ƒ4 XZR7 @ [email protected]
=^O[7E;AI<1 H ;[email protected] .0VL/ ;<[email protected]?34`[email protected]?C67 IQO V 3'1 @[email protected];AR4 V638Hj4C6R46H [email protected] X67 381 =8;AH?;AR4 V63\7?38=5R46H @[email protected];AR4
V6C 1 V 3'@T38='@T35C67 * O[U6H?R7:[email protected];AR4=~:RC63 H:C67I<3NaRI<C.4 3 H:3846H:;<U6IA3 V6C V [email protected][email protected][email protected];ƒ›]C6H?;AR4 H?C67I<O
X6.07 / 38=8;AH?1 ;AR4eO469C6I<O;<7:3 * 
O @[email protected] 354CfO[@T;AR43 › [email protected]; a3 ! & 35H:@07:38IA; 381 3 ONM I / ;[email protected]?3846H:;[email protected] 3$1 V63 IQO H:RC67:[email protected]?;<I<;AH 1 351 3 ! & cfONM I / ;[email protected]?3846H:;[email protected] 3 1
V6C H?;<94fOIf7?3 =8 C H:C67 I<3 [email protected]?fR 4C6I @T;<XLI<;<=8O[@T35C67 ! & [email protected] O M I<O V6;<H @ O46=53 ! & H [email protected] IQO H?RCL7?=83 V6C
X6_6R[@TfR [email protected];AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C67 XfO7 l
!(b* &
< . 3 7TO[X6X]R7:@ V / O 4`X6IA;[email protected] VL38H X6;A=8H VL38H V6;AH:@?7?;<[email protected];AR46H V638H @?3 4`X6H V / O7?7:;Aa 381 3 [email protected] H?CL7 C6 4
X6_6/ R[@TRf1 [email protected];AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C675c4 35H?C67 381 H OM V635C+j V6;AH:@TO46=835HPV6;ƒ› 381 7:[email protected] I<O a[OI<35C67 V63 I<O I<R4L9C638CL7
V O[@[email protected] 384CfO[@?;<R4 3 › [email protected]; a3 *
v (+* (
B q;5!.j! (¯32 1>"Q# qq/ i/ B! -198>¸.('³ +2* i/ G 3
¯ 3=!H1Ÿ ?1>!=! " ? ! 2 %0
!2
32
.
K8
. 38H I<R469C638C67:H V / OULH?R7:[email protected];AR4 3'@ V63EV6;ƒ›]C6H:;<R4 X][email protected] @T7:3 [email protected] H 351 XfO7 31 4`[email protected] XfO[7NON~:CLH:@T3qb
4`[email protected] VL38H V6R464 381 35H O^a35= C64 H:X][email protected][email protected] X6O7$H:; 4CLIQO[@?;<R4*: [email protected]?3 + O7:I<Re‘ ‹N’* . 38H aO[I<38CL7?H V63
IQOlIAR469C635C67PV / OU6H:[email protected]?;<R4 ! "$# & [email protected] V63 V6;ƒ›]C6H?;AR4 ! &%(' & 1 O;<4LH?;WBC63EI / O469IA3(4 Rih384 VL3 V6;› CLH?;<R4
.0*! ) / O[[email protected]†“9‡iI<*3 €,4`+ &NR hH:38R4 [email protected] V6O[3 ;<46V6H:;ƒ; ›]RC6ULH?;[email protected]?R384 4C6XZH 38*.74 4 3'@3 [email protected] 4 V [email protected] I<A63 4638;<H 7 @NIQVLO RIA46R4 463B9CLAf389C6CL7 7?3 V63(+*-( V6;› * C6H:;<R4 [email protected]›]38='@T;Aa3 ! &%(' - . &
H?35I<RB4 l
&%(' "%(' - . G
!(b* ( &
[email protected]†“‡i€,+
)
Oa 46H I<3E=^O[H V / C6463 V6ƒ; ›]/ C6H:;<R4 a357?H I / O^a[[email protected]^c"O M d †“‡Nv € u G cIQO\I<R469C638C67 V63EV6ƒ; ›]C6H:;<R4 @3 ›][email protected]?;Aa3 38H @
;<. 43Af46;<3 IQOV6;› CLH?;<R1 4e4 ;A42fC63 XfOHH:C67I<3 @[email protected] 1 XLH VL3EX6O [email protected]?R46H *
38H0H:RC67?=538H>[email protected]?;<I<;AH 35/ 38H"H:[email protected]>V638H0V6;AR+VL38H0X6C6IAH 35381 H8c1 [email protected]>=8R 4{4`1 3 IQO X67?RX6O9SO[@?;<R4VL38H0/ X6_6R[@TR46H0V 381 XZ3846V
V63eIQO I<R4L9C638CL7`V R4LV63c I<35{H 4`38H:C67?35H [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] ›]38='@TC 3538H V6O46H`I<3 U6I<35C3'@ I C6I @T7?O ab;ARI<3'@ * a 35H
ˆk
D
YE
v (+*
/ ! !
X 381 7:;<RbV63
! & : C6O;<7?4 H ™f™
! & [email protected] |f|
! & CL;<4 ™™
& |f|
! (b* (,B
2
T V\W3YQZ\[S]
! "! ?$ ? 9/ q ;:> =!j$#%$ !" B ¯ *
" .- ! 4 & " % ' .- ! 4 & $# ! 4 & &%(' ! 4 & @d †“‡i€
c c (k
f| c ˆp j| c p ˆ ‹ | c p ˆ
,
ˆ (+c ( j| c ™p
ˆ
k | k
‹ c j| cUk
™j‹
p
| c pp
ˆ
+c
f| ˆ‹ k ((+cUc k j| cUc k
(
j| c ( ˆ(p
| cp ( | j|
( k (‹ c |j| c , | c , k
/@0
*
v q¸"!B$.32š /i9(/ ! H7198HG , -1Ÿ,?8> B!B ! d:/ ^¯ 3 'E 3B!
! 2 0 , 4> j$# 8>q & > ('
1 B 1 / q [email protected]
1
/
q!
7 351 H?C6I1 @ O[1 @?H [email protected] [email protected] X67 381 [email protected] 1 381 H 1 V6O46H / I<3 @ OULI<3^O[C (+* * Q a38= I / 3846H:34U6IA3 VL38HNVLR464 351 38HNXL7?;<H:38H5c
;<I]O [email protected] (3 4`[email protected] 3 BC63 I<35H X67:1 RX67?; [email protected] 38H V63 I 38OC H:[email protected]=8R4LH: @ O[[email protected]?38HH?CL7 @[email protected] I<O [email protected] IA;<94L38H8c
4 O;<H5cL=8R 4{4`3 I<3B4`[email protected]:3 389SOIA34`[email protected]<3 @TOU6IA3^OC (+* 38I<IA38HPH:C6;[email protected][O7?;<O[@T;AR46H H?O;<H:R4646;38M 7?35H *
. O I<R469C635C67 VL3 V6ƒ; ›]C6H:;<R4 [email protected]›][email protected]?;Aa3 38H @lV63 I / R7:V67?3 V63ek |f| 4 VfO46H I<3`U6I<35C [email protected] I / R7:V67?3 V63
|f| 4 VfO46H I / [email protected]?7TO^ab;<[email protected] * . O I<R469C6/35C67 V / OULH?R7:XL+ @T;A/ R4 35H:@[email protected][email protected]?/ 34`[email protected]<C6Hj2 O;<ULI<3 V / 384Sab;<7:R4
f, | 4 VfO46HEI<3\U6IAT{38C V\W!RYQC Z\( [Ÿ] 4 VfO[46H I [email protected]?O^a+;ARI<3'@ * 35H:@VLR46=`I [email protected]?;<R4 BC6; 38H:@ I<3š2 O='@T35C67
V6fR 4`;<[email protected]]RC67
*
D
"LNR A IM L K RŸO CXI X
K IM LI"IMK C I R> K XC I BA QLNI XL A I R\C A I=R K XI
. 35H H:C672 O[=838H V635H4`RbV6C6I<35H [email protected]?;<BC635H H:3 [email protected] H 381 V6;ƒ4 [email protected]@ V63B4`;<=57?R“b R7?9SO[46;<H4 35H *
. O @T7TO[46H$4`;<H:H?;Aab; @ 31 V635H H?X6_ 35M 7?35H 384 35H:@ O“]› [email protected] 381 3 * . 35H"`4 ;<=57?R“b R7?9O46;<H4 35H =5Rf4*4 3lIA38H UfO='@ 351 7?;<35H
[email protected] H:3 V 351 a38I<RX6X]357 H:C67 @[email protected] IQO H:C67. 2 O[=83 1 V63 IQO H?XL_W38M 7:3 3'@ 2 1 R7$4`[email protected] 46R74 O[I<34`[email protected] CL463
H?CLU6H:1 @TO46=83 @?7TO46H:XfO7:[email protected][c 4 O[;<H =5RI<I<1O4S1 @T3 * 38H H 38VL; `4 [email protected] H?3 V 351 X]RH:384S. @\BC63 H?CL7lIQO H:C672 O=53
H?CLX 387:;<38CL/ 7?3 VL3 IQO\H?XL_W38M 7:3 [email protected][email protected] 1 X6; 359 38/ H XfO7 I<3 H?CLU6H:@?7TO[@NV638H [email protected] 387:;<38H * O`X]357:@T3EV6/ [email protected][46H?XfONb
7?3546=83 V CL463 + H:X6_ 38M 7:3c]H?C67 O464 381 3c0O M I _LR7?;[email protected] O[I<3cf35H:@N1 V63 `4 R;<4LH VL3 ( c=8Rf4*`4 3 I ;A46V6;<BC63 I<O
Af9CL7?3 (+*-(,L* 3'@[email protected][OIA38C67 7:38X67 [email protected] CL463\I<; `
4 ;[email protected]?3 H:C6X 357?;<35C67?3`=^O[7 I<38HB`
4 RbV6C6I<35H [email protected]?;<BC638H VfO[46H
T*V\W3YQZ\[S] H:[email protected]\R7?;[email protected] 351 H\a387:H`IA3 UfOH5cNO M k * . 3 @TOC+j V63 H 351 V6; `
4 [email protected] O @T;<R4 X67 351 [email protected]?3 V635HlaONb
7?;<1 O[@T;AR46H H?O;<H:R4646;38M 7:38H BC6;[email protected]@ O M I / OCL9f 4 [email protected] O[@?;<R4 [email protected] I /2351 @ 351 ‘ ™“)’ * . / Oe=5Rf`4 X]RH:;[email protected]?;<R4 VL38H
H 35V6; `4 [email protected]?H 38H @ =838IAI<3 V638H IA;[email protected]?H V635H 7?; a+;38M 7:[email protected];[email protected] O[I<38H5c =53lBbCL;dXZ387$`4 [email protected] V 35H:@?; `4 387NIA3 @TOC+j V63
ˆfˆ
H 351 V6; 4`[email protected][@T;AR4 4 iR h384 O M | c |f| ( =4O4 c6XZRC67C64 @ O[C+j V / O=8=5C^4C6I<O[@T;AR4 V63 | c | ˆ 9 [[email protected] < O4 *
CED
< R A %OXI I!O I
. OlU6;ARI<C^4`;<4L38H?=53846=53 38H @ IA3 U67?CL;[email protected] R46V O4UL;[email protected] 381 H:[email protected] O[C52 R4LVeVL38Hv4 357?H * 463 XfO7 @T;A3
X67:Rhab;[email protected]>I / [email protected]›][email protected] + ) 38. 7:384^_[RhaEV635H 1 351 I<351 [email protected]:R46HW;AH?H?CLH V63>I<O @T7TO[[email protected] O[@?;<R4 V6C c [email protected] [email protected]?30VL38H
R7:9SO46;AH$4`38Hdab;Aa[[email protected]?H * OH2 R74 3 9 384 357TOIA3PV63PIQONVL;<H:@?7?;[email protected];AR4V6/ C\46R4U67?3PVL3P=89 RC6XLH X6O7"H?35=8R4LV638H
384 2 [email protected];AR4 V6C @?3 4`X6H 38H @ C6463\=8fR 4`[email protected][email protected]?;<4C63lV63lI .0R/27:1 V67?3 V63 f, | _ P[cWH?C67 I<OBC638IAI<3 H:3
H?CLX][email protected]>VL38H0; 4`X6C6IAH?;AR46HY/21 U6783'M a35H VL3 97TO[46V63PO 4`X6IA;[email protected] * 1 3'@TC6VL3 V63 I<ONU6;<RI<^C 4`;<4635H?=53846=53 38. H @
C64 XZR;<[email protected];ƒ4 XZR7:@[email protected] VfO[46HPI 35a[OIACfO[@T;AR4 V6C H:;[email protected] 3 BC6; /21 O\VLR464 3 IA;<38C OM CL463 X6C6U6IA;<=^O @T;<R4 ‘ k ™“’)* O
V635C+j+;3M 4`3EXfO7:@?;<3 V63E=83'@[email protected]@T_ 35M H?3 38H:@N=8R4LHTO=57 383 O`M I 3'@TC6VL3 V63 IQOlU6;ARI<^C 4`;<4L38H?=53846=53cf= _fO[ X6;[email protected]?7?38H p
[email protected] ‹L*
H
#
,!
.
1
/UT{V\W!YQZ\[Ÿ]
1
1V 35X6I<RO ;A3I<;A4`[email protected] 3'[email protected] H [email protected]<3l7 381V [email protected] X 38R1 7?4LO[H:@[email protected];A7?RO[4 @T35V6C6357 H V I<;[email protected]* H:[email protected] I XZ/K38138IA7$384`='@T;<7?HNRV6463l;<BC6aO[3 I<;<[email protected] 38I<7 O`[email protected]?OX6467?HRb4 = 35;AH?V6H?C6;AR7:4 38HEVLV6383H
;<432 R7$4 O[@T;AR46H V63\IQO =Rg @T3 O M I / ;A46H:@?7?C^4`[email protected] * ž I<I<3O 3'1 @ 3l1 ;ƒ4{4`387:9 381 3 V6C ( 46R a34 U67?3 ™f™™ OC (
~:C6;AI<I<3'@ (“|f|f| O M (|| 4 V63 X67:R2 R46VL38C67 * GLO=8R43Af9C67?O[@T;AR4 38H @7?38I<O[@T; [email protected] [email protected]?Rb= _63 V63 =835I<IA3 V6C V635H?;<94`1 VLClV 351 @?38 =51 @?38C67¶1 Af46OI * . OHˆ A69C67?3 (b* (1 p 4`[email protected]:3 C64\H?= _ 31 4 O VL3PIQONIA;<9463 *ž I<IA3 35H:@>=8R4 XZRH 351 3
V63 , 3'@ O935H H 38X6O7 35HEVL13 ,+ c 4ec X6I<1 O= 35H [email protected]:3 ( =Og U6IA38H V63*k |f| 4 * ž IAI<31 35H:@"4 1 O[;<[email protected]¸b
@T;A=^O IA3 97 O[g =83 / O M C6463EUZRC 383 * _6OBC61 3 3'1 @ O93EXZR7:@?3 ( H?X6_ 38M 7?35H [email protected] ‹ /2H:1 [email protected] 35BbCL;<X 3538HNVL3=4`R+VLC6I<35H
[email protected]?;<BC6351 H J* a [email protected]:38H`OX6X6O7?35;<I<H5cdV 35V6; 35H`OCnXZRH:;[email protected];[email protected] [email protected]@ O M I 35a[OIACfO[@T;AR4 V6C H?; @T3eh H:[email protected]
;<4LH:@ O[I<I 35H *
v (+*-(p"
)
* !B 4
'
?8!32/
ˆ
=K32/ . ¯ 3"Q# T*V\W!YEZ\[S] 0
v (+*-(™5 ) 8!32/ * >B$# 2 D
/ G (,? . q9? !1>! ! #"
5 4- 9/ (
? !> ? . $}+ +2 >S3
4 (!j! " $} ($# 4 ) , .-/0
v (+*-(‹ )A F2 1. i !  q;53
4! ! 2šS. ;2 i7198$/ ;:> ",? .3D
!a
1.= 4 ' /? ? != 2š! D
Ÿ0
0. / O[4fOIƒhbH:3 V638H\V6R464 381 35Hl7?35=8C635;<I<IA;<35HO 2 O; @I / RU!~:3'@lV / C6463 @?_W38M H:3?‘ ™,’*³ž IAI<3e4`[email protected]:3 BC63 I<3 X]Rb
H?; @T;[email protected] 1 [email protected] VL38H 4`Rb1 V6C61 I<351 H R[email protected]?;<BC638HE381 H @ RUL1 @T354bC O^a38= C6463`X67 351 =8. ;AH?;<R4 V63 (| =4 *Xa 38Hj4C6R46H
O[@$4 RH:X6_ 357?;<BC635H [email protected] [email protected] 3 389OI<[email protected] [email protected] [email protected]?38='@ [email protected] 7:38=5R46H:@?7?C6; @TH O V6;<H @T7:;<[email protected]?;<R4 O469CLIQO;A7?3EV63
=835šH 4C6R4LH38H @\X67 351 [email protected] 381 3 Af9C67:3 (+*-(‹ [email protected]:@\=5Rf4 X6O7 351 3 O^a38= * I<O H?;ƒ4C6I<O[@T;AR4 *Xa O46H I<38H V638Cbj
V6;AH:@T7:;<[email protected];<R46H8cR4 7:[email protected]:RCLa3 C64 [email protected]›][email protected]=5R464C V63 I<O 7?35=8R1 46H @T7:[email protected]?;<R4 H?; IA38H XL_6R1 @[email protected]?;<X6IA;<=8O[@T35C67?H
H?R/ [email protected] 381 XfO7 @T;AH H?C67 C64L3 H:+ 38C6IA3 I<;<9463c$V638C+j 1 O469IA38'H P 3546;[email protected]+j X][email protected] H?3 V 35V6C6;<7:3 V638H @?34`X6H
V O7?7:;Aa 383l1 [email protected]?1 R46H * 1 38=8;>35H:@E3'j+X6IA;<BC 3lH?CL7EI<O Af9C67:3 (+*-( ™L\* a O4LH I<3l=^O[H / V63\IQO I<;A9463 bc I<35H
H?;A94fOCbj [email protected];<[email protected] V 35=8RbV 38HlO\M m 357?7?3[c;<[email protected]:R+V6CL;<HTO[[email protected]@?34`X6Hv4 R7 @1 V63 X6I<CLH V HX]RC67= _fOBC61 3
; 4`X6C6IAH?;AR4 [email protected]?fR 4C6I @T;AX6I<;A=^O[@?38C67 * G+38C6IAH I<35HNX67:3 4`;<[email protected] b 38IA38='@T7?/ R46H R4S @ X6C 3'g @T7:[email protected];AI<;AH 38H
XZRC67 7?35=8R4LH:@T7:C6;<7:3\I<38H @?7TO=5 38H V638H"4C6R46H *\a O[46H =838HE=8R46V6;[email protected]?;<R4LH ;<I"4 35H:@EXfOH XZRH?H:/ ;<U6IA3lV63\V6;<H¸b
@T;A469C6357 IA38"H 4C6I @T; b 4C6R4LH V635H 4`R46“R b 4C6R46H * 7 IA38H _ [email protected]_ 35M H?35HlX67?;AH?38H X]RC67 I iO ~:C6H:@?3 1 4`384S1 @
V635H @T/ 7?O=835HN463 1 [email protected] aO[IQOU6IAw 38HBC63 XZRC67 V635H H?ƒ; 4 X6/IA3 [email protected][=838H5cf; 4`X6I<;[email protected] 387?7:38C67 1 @T781 38M H 35I<3'a 353
H?CL7PI O469IAO3 P 3846; @ OI]V638H 4 [email protected]?; b¯4 C6R46H 3* a 3NX6+I<C6H V O[X67835M HPI<38H / H?; 4 C6IQO[@?;<R4LH XL7838M HPVL3 ( 35a [email protected] 4 [email protected]
7?35=8R4LH:@T7:C6;[email protected]?H H?CLv7 k [email protected] 4C6I @T; b 4C6R4LH * 38=5; XZ38$7 4`[email protected] V 3 j+1 X6I<;ABbCL387 ! 384 XfO7 @T;A3 & I<3 2 O;[email protected]$BC63
I<35H VL;<H:@?7?;[email protected];AR46H X67:Rha384fO[[email protected] V63 I<OeH:; 4CLIQO[@?;<R4 3'@V635H V6R4L4 3835H 463 H?R;[email protected] X6OH @?w [email protected] O5M 2 O; @E384
O=5=8R7:V ‘ ™“, ’)*
H
+!9* % * %
+ S# ,!
( )* % X"!
. O a[OIA;<VfO[@?;<R4eV635H 6V ;ƒ› 381 7:[email protected] H;h+H @^[email protected] 4 35H O^a38=lIQO I<;<9463 +c O XZ387$4`;<H\O M IQO =5RI<I<OUZR7TO[@?;<R4 T*V
W!YEZ\[S] V6
3 4 3'@[email protected]?7?3nO M I / ^3 O[C C64 [email protected][email protected]¯hbX]3[c [email protected]<3 V638H:;<94 38H @ 384 @TRC6H X]R;<[email protected] ;[email protected];ABC63O M
* £$µŸ¨ V´°Œ¥SVN­ ´
@«´\¦ ¬ R O ´;ZFf ¥;\ ­°cb6V¥´ iW ¥ iW °Œ­¥$®¯¬° O «!Z¦ ­¦ ¨U¨ ¥P ¨U¥E¥¸¬\¬­L¥$P ´ Z ­Oi®fN¥$´;£
RV]O
* 4 £LNQ«N¥ ¥@ZN¨Œ°Œ®¦ ¬° O « ® O6R Z¨ ¥\ R ¥;«¬¦ °U­¥Z O3VN­­ ¦q°U¬UZN­ O ± ¥«N°Œ­UWi¥ ¨·¦ R ¦3VN± ¦q°·´¥ ® [email protected]«N«¦ °Œ´´¦ «®¸¥ Wi¥´_Z­O6ZN­°S¥;\ ¬]¥$\ ´ O3Z
¬°cbdVN¥´ Wi¥ ¨43 ¥$¦+V WVH´°U¬¥_W"3 ° RR ¥;­ ´° O « Wi¥ ¨Œ¦ ¨U° & «¥5N£ !¥´ ¨ O «(&6VN¥SVN­ ´ W"3 ¦3T´O ­ Zi¬° O «v¥;¬[Wi¥UWN° V´° [email protected]«aVi¬°U¨Œ°·´¥\ ¥´ ´;[email protected]«¬
®¸¥¨U¨Œ¥´ W]V(´°U¬¥ W"3 ) £
ˆ
,
=835I<1 C6;ZV6C 1 V 3'1 @[email protected] Af4fO[Ifl+= / 35H:@I<O I<;A9463 [email protected] 1 ! A69C67?3 (+* p & * .0/23'1 @TC6V63NV63 IQOEU6;<RI<C^4`;<4635H?=51 3846=53
X67 [email protected] 383 [email protected]:@[email protected]_ 38M H?3X67:R a+;[email protected]>V635H0V6R464 3538H>7?35=8C635;<IAI<;<35HdXfO[[email protected]:@T3PIA;<9463 38IAI<3$H?387?O V 38=57?;[email protected]?3
X6IAC6HPI<R;A4 c6O[C = _fO[X6;[email protected]?7?3 p+*
H
,
% [9(
* >+$#a"!)"a%
# S#( U% "!
( >&$>&$*-,$, X)(
LC [email protected] BC638IABbCL38H 4 R;AH8cf4`R4l1 @T7?O^aO[;<I6H / 351 H:@$;<46H:=87?; @>VfO46H I</ 3P=8OV67:3 V6C`V 3'1 a38IARX6XZ34`[email protected]$I<R9;A=8;A38I
V63 IQO =8RIAIQOUZR7TO @T;<R4 * 8KI O XZR7:@ 3 H:C61 7 IA3 . V 3'a35I<RX6XZ34`[email protected] 1 C64L3 ;<[email protected]?3872 O[=83 97TOX6_L;<BC63 [email protected] 7?3 C64
[email protected]?;<I<;AHTO[@?38C67 3'@lC6463 U6OH?3 VL3 V6R4L4 3835H * O UfO[H?3 / V63 V6R464 3538Hl7:3897:RC6XZ3 @TR1 [email protected]<35H V6R4L4 3835Hl1 V63
[email protected]?7 Rg IA3 O1 ;H hb46= _67?R461 3c3'@"@TRC6HdIA38HdX6O7TO4e35M @?7?35H"V ;<461 ; @T;QO[I<;<H?O[@T;AR4 V635H"=^O[7:@T35H 38IA38/ ='@T7?R46;<BC635H"X6IQO[+ = 3835H
VfO4LH$IA3PV [email protected][email protected]?38C67 * O7>3'j+34`X6IA3c= _fOBC63 Q OG\4 38=835H?H:;[email protected] p XfO7TO“4 / 3'M @T7?35H>V ;A46;[email protected]?;QOIA;<H?O[@T;AR4 * 38I<O
[email protected]?H:;N3'g @T7?3 IQO aO[I<38CL7 V63 [email protected]?3846H:;<R4 O M 384SaRih387 O M I<O UZR [email protected]?3 V OIA; 4`[email protected] O[@?;<R4 V635H 4`R+VLC6I<35H
R. [email protected]?;<BC635H *
R7?H V63 IQO54 ;AH?3 1 384 [email protected] V63 IQO I<;<9463cY1I<3 ! >, ‘ , ’ c = _6387:= _63 =835HXfO7?O4 3'M @T7:38HVfO[46H
IQO UfOH:3 V63`V6R4L4 [email protected] I<35H 354aR;<3 1 OC V [email protected][email protected]?38C67XZRC67EH?R4 1;<4L;[email protected];<.0OI</ ;AHTO[@?;<R4 * 4 97?O46V 46fR 4U67:3
V63\XfO7?O 4 35M @T7:38H V6R; [email protected]`3'g @T7?3\[email protected]?7 35H VfO[46H IQO UfOH:3`VL3`VLR464 3538H * ;<[email protected] 2 O=53`97TOX6_L;<BC63\H?357:@ O M
2 O=5;<I<; @T357 =83 @?7TO^a[O;<IJ‘ ,Si( ’*
+ [email protected]:@T3\;<[email protected]?387 2 O[=83l38H @ 381 =57?;[email protected]?3l384 QYWo Q X* ž IAI<3 ;<[email protected]?7?R93IQO U6OH?3\V63lV6R464 381 35H XfO7 7?35BCW35M @?38H G . c
[email protected] IQO\[email protected] XLI<;[email protected] O^a38=IA38HaO[I<38/ CL7?H [email protected] 381 38HNXfO7 I / [email protected];AI<;<H?O[/ @T35C67 * .0/ ;AV 381 3 9 381 41 351 7TOIA3 =8R46H:;<H @T3eO`M =87 381 387 C64
384LH?3 4 U6I<3 / VL3 XfO7?O 4 35M @T7:38H V ;A46;[email protected]?;QOIA;<H?O[@T;AR4 ONM XfO[7:@T;A7 V C64 3846H:3 4U6IA3 V ¯3 ~hONM 3'j+;<H @ [email protected] ! Af9C67:38H (+* k | O
[email protected] U & [email protected] V C6{4 1 4 RbV6ƒ; A63870IQO a[OIA38C67>V635H$XfO[7TO 4 35M @?7?38H ! Af9C67:3 (+* k | = & * 4\a+;AH?CfO[I<;<H:38C67 ! Af9C67:3 (b* k &
XZ387$4`[email protected] a 357?;ƒ[email protected]?38C675cZIA38HPXfO[7TO4 35M @?7?38H= _6R;<H?;AH *
a
ˆ
A
p
v (+* k |
)AJ31Ÿ! 5Q#?/ ! $# >¯ [email protected] ? 4$3198!;:> i q/> C
G 2  Q# >  K/ ¸? ¯ [email protected]
.1 2'G
, v (+* k JA 31Ÿ3,{Q# ?/ !*$# >¯ [email protected] ? 43198!;:S i q/> G /i . i š !1.
Q# >  2  /  0
2'G
, ˆ‹
H
[9(+*-
,
* )(
. 35HdXZ3872 R7$4 O46=835HdO @[email protected] @ 381 IA38H:=8RXZ3 T*V\W!YEZ\[S] H:[email protected] 381 H:[email protected] 351 38H0VfO4LHd=83$XfO7?O97TO[X6_63 *
. OeXZRH:;[email protected];AR4 V6C V 351 @[email protected]?38C675cdBC6;>V [email protected] A646;[email protected] H?R4 =8;A38I0RU6H:387 aO[U6I<3[cJ3'@ I<Oe7 381 H:RI<[email protected]?;<R4 O4L9C6IQO[;<7?3lH:[email protected]
351 aR+BC 351 38H * . 3 @ OCb1 j V /23'1 a 351 4634`[email protected]?H XL7?R [email protected] V638H V6;Aa38+ 7?H:38H H:RC67:=838HPXZR1 H:H?;<ULI<1 38H$V63 [email protected]:;<46RH 38H @
V6;A7?38='@[email protected] 4 [email protected]?35I<; 3 O M IQO H:C672 O[=83 3 › [email protected]?;Aa3 V6C1 V 3'@T38='@T35C67 * 38I<IA3 b =8;38H 1 @"X67 [email protected] 383P;A=8;M4 O;<HYI<35HdH:; 4C3b
IQO @T;<R46H V635H XL7?Rb=838H:H?C6H X6_hbH?;ABbCL38HNBC6;WI<1OV [email protected]?3874 1 ;[email protected] [email protected] X67 [email protected] 3835H OC = _fOX6; @T7:3 ,L*Sž 4.Af4
C6463 U67835M a3 =5fR 4 X6O7TO;AH?R4 [email protected]?7?3 I<35HV6ƒ; › 387:[email protected]@ 35I<35H?=8RX]35HlO\M [email protected]:;<46RHO[= _W35M a387TO =83 = _fOX6; @T7:3 *
=#S a#( #S
S
. [email protected] 351 I<35H?=8RX]35HEO M [email protected]?7?;<4LRH RULH?387 [email protected] 9 381 4 351 7TOIA34`[email protected]$I<38H [email protected]:;<46RH [email protected] *.a 3 =53`2 O; @^c
;<IAH/ 4L3 aR;[email protected] BC / C6463 XfO7 @T;A3 V63 I<O aRYCLg 1 @T3 = 381 IA38H:@?3 * . O X6O7:@?;<1 3 VLC 1 =8;<35I RU6H?357:a[OU6IA3c O[1 C =8RC67:H
V. C6463 [email protected][@T;AR4\=8Rf4`X6I35M @T3PVL3 I<O mJ1 387:7?3[cbV 38XZ3846V V638H$=8Rb1 R7?V6R464 3835H$9 38R97?OX6_6;ABC638H>V6C V [email protected][email protected]?38C67 *
O A61 9C67?3 (+* k ( ! 384n1 [email protected] & 7?38XL7 38H:384S1 @T3 3841 =5R+R7?V6R4L4 3835H ˆ 9S OI<O/ [email protected]?;<BC6 35H`IA/ 3 =8.0;<35/ IPRU6H:387:a[OULI<3eX]RCL7
C64 @ 38IA38H:=8RXZ3\X6IQO= 3`OC+j .=8RbR7:V6R464 3538HE9 38R97TOXL_6;<1BC635H ( | c , | ž* O469IA1 3\H?RIA;<[email protected][email protected] O1I
=8RCLa357:@ 38H:@ V6"3 T kL`c YE” V H?7 Y * šO . Af9C67:3 [email protected]?7T1OIA3 7?38XL7 38H:[email protected] I<3 =5;<38I]a+;AH?;AU6 I<3 XfO[[email protected] 38IA1 38H?=5RXZ3EXLIQO. = 3
OC X Rg IA3 G+C6V
O Af9C67?3l;A.4 2 387:;<38CL7?335H:@ IQO =8fR 4UL;<4fO;AH?R4 VL38H V635C+j @ 35I<35H?=8RX]35H O
e
=8R4 X6I 31 4`[email protected] O[!7?;[email protected] / 3 1 hl38H @ 3'1 & a+* ;[email protected]?3 * Q = _6OBC63N;A46H:@[email protected]^cSC64 O469IA3 H:RI<;AV63PV63 | c ” H?7 38H @ =5Rf4{4 * C64
OC V635C+jeH?; @T38HV RU6H:387 aO @T;<R4 *
0
0.1
0.2
0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
0.7 0.8 0.9
1
ANTARES
AMANDA
0
0.2
0.4
1.2 1.4
0.6 0.8 1.0
1.6
1.8
2
ANTARES
et
(+* k ( A /i ;5
V\W!YQZ\[Ÿ]
Q# T{
8.! % '
T
`
E
Y
V
Y
Q#
¸
? >, %
3 ? F 2 5Ÿ i 5 %0 IX ? 3 !,?Ÿ; :S >*$#?/ 8> ?!
&
/i 2*; 5 9 / /iv  ; 5 2*5 ?8>š& #% /i ; 5 1> + 2* D
? 0Q 0 / ¯? T*
¸ V\!
W3YQ1ŸZ\ [S?_] / # "
? i$!> i/ Q#
/U 1. ¯ !, 2 T32 H?
0
B
? > ('= ? `Q# YQV Y
G ¸! 2 F 2 > 2 32 0
AMANDA
)( *
"a% # *
,
,
"
# 9
0. / RU6H:387:a[O[@?;<R4 V63 H?RC67?=538H XZR46='@TC635I<IA38H\V63 [email protected]?;A46RH`4 / 38H:@ XZRH?H:;<U6IA3 BbCL3 H:; I<O 7 381 H:RI<[email protected];<R4
O469C6IQO;A7?3l35H:@ OH?H:3FP{A6463 XZRC67EI<Rb=^O[I<;<H:387 I<O H?RC67:=83 1 31 4`[email protected][email protected]?7?+ ;A=83\[email protected] 7 1 351 V6C6;<7:3\H?;<946;ƒAf=8O[@T; [email protected] 351 [email protected]
U67:C6;[email protected] R461 VeV635H`[email protected] [email protected]:;<46RH O[@$4 RH?X6_ 357?;ABbCL38H * 13'@[email protected] 7 38H?RI<[email protected]?;<R4eO469C6IQO;A7?3 V 38XZ3846V
V63 I<O BCfOIA;[email protected] 3 V63 7:38. =8R46H:@?7?C6='@T;<R4 V638H 1 @?7TO=538H =5381 =5; 38H @3'j+X]RH 3 X6IAC6H I<R;<4`VfO461 HP=53 V6Rb=8C^T*4`V\[email protected]^Z\c6O[SC ]
XfO7?O97?OX6_63 ,L* (b* k * . O Af9C61 7?3 (b* kfk X67 [email protected]?3IQO7 38H:RI<[email protected];<R4O469C6IQO;A7?3 BC63 I<3>@ 35I<35H?=8RX]3
XZRC67?7?O O[@:@T35;<46V67:3 * O 7 [email protected];AR4 O[469C6I<O;<7:3 ! O469IA3 [email protected]?3 I<[email protected]?7?;A46R ;A46=8;[email protected] 3'@ IA3 4CLR4
ˆ™
7?35=8R4LH:@T7:C6;[email protected] & c O;<46H:;dBC63lI / 3 ¡ =8O1=8; @ 31 ;[email protected]?;A46H835M BC63lV63l1 IQO 7?38=5R46H @[email protected];AR4 ! [email protected]?3l/2IA3 1 4C6R4 a+7?O;d3'@
I<*3 4C6R4 7?351 =8R46H @T7:C6;[email protected] & 1 [email protected] X67 [email protected] 38/ 35H * Q U6OH?H:3 3846357?9;A3 ! 1 ) | mJ35o & cdI 35=^O7 @O4L1 9C6IQO[;<7?3
38H @ VLfR 4 ;A4 3 XfO[7 I<O =8;<4 34 1 O[@T;ABbCL3PV63I ;<[email protected] 7TO='@T;<[email protected]?7?;A46R“bK4C6=5I 35R4 * QNCbj\X6I<CLH [email protected] 3546387:9;<35H
! + |f| mJ35o & cC6463 7 38H?RI<[email protected]?;<R4 V63 | c ( 38H @NO @[email protected] *
Angular resolution (degrees)
Angular Resolution
2.5
µ rec-µ true
µ rec-ν
2
(+* kfk 4 02 / >,
e !q B J2š> ,? .3D
q! ' š >,5 2š>œ/i$" 2šS ? . q30
1.5
1
0.5
0
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
log10[Eν (GeV)]
"!9(
* >
)* %9#
. OEH?C67;2 O=83 [email protected]›][email protected]?;Aa3 38H @ I<3 X67:R+V6CL;[email protected] V63NI<OEH:C672 O[=83NVL3N9 351 4 381 7?O[@T;AR4 V635H4CLR46H ;A46V6C6; @TH>XfO7$I<35H
4635/UT*[email protected]:W!;<46YQRZ\H [SO^] a35= I / 3 ¡ =8O=8; @ 3`1 V63\7?35=8R46H @T7:[email protected]?;<R4 * . O Af9C67?3 (+* k ˆ 4`[email protected] 7:3\IQO 1 H?C67;2 O=83`[email protected]›]38='@T; a3
V <
384 @T357$4`3 V63(4 C6R46H & VfO46HPH?O a35w7?H?;[email protected]?C638IAI<3 *.ž I<IA3N35H:@ 3'aO[I<C 353 OM 384Sab;<7:R4 | c |
!
_M4 *
(+* k ˆ )S3 [email protected]
Muon Effective Area
'&(
T*V\W!YEZ\[S]
0.09
Ang( ν ,µ reco )<1.0 deg Events
4
Ang( ν ,µ reco )<0.3 deg Events
0.08
Selected Events
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0
1
+ *
2
#,(<*
,
3
4
- *
5
)( ?3D
/ Q#
/ 1. D
$3198> .0 %0 I ` ! [email protected] ? '&(? /
5¸ >> /? / /-/ 32 >
/ ? > / 1>!  :.9/ !
3 ? . q? /1. D
4$3
198> .40 !0 %j ? F2 1._i/ /?
? 1Ÿ,/ Ÿ> ! / / / 32 >
!>Q$# 4 ` E,? . q3E/?
3
q, 3 $_/ q 3, G #
| k 0 I 4 8>q & >
 ! [email protected] ? 40i/ F2 / ; :> / ¯? ¯ [email protected]
K
2
Aeff,µ [Km ]
?
6
7
8
Log10(E ν [GeV])
"a% 9)(
% ( * * + (
,!X"a% #,!*(
. 3 @ OULI<3^O[C XL7 381 H:[email protected] C6463 7?OX6;AV63 =8Rf`4 XfO7?O;<H:R4 [email protected]?3 I<35H @ 381 I<35H?=5RX]35H`O\M [email protected]?;A46RH l T*V W!YEZ\[S] c THYQV(+*-Y ( c C O*Ei _ OI[[email protected] [Ÿ]iWEZ * 4L3$=5Rf4 X6O7TO;AH?R4 [email protected][email protected] 381 I<35H?=5RX]35H8ch=835X][email protected] 463 V6R;[email protected]
XfOHPH:3 I<; `4 ;[email protected]?387$OC+j R7?V67:38HV63 97?O46V635C67V63 IQO7 381 H:RI<[email protected]?;<R4 O[469C6I<O;<7:[email protected]<O H?CL72 O=53E3 › [email protected]?;Aa3[c
*,$£ 7X3¦ Z]Z O ­¬ WV]« O6RTN­¥ WN¥ ¬­¦@®¸¥$´3­¥®SO «´¬­ VN°U¬¥$´!¥;¬>´]¥\ ¨U¥$®¯¬° O «« ¥;\ ¥$´!¦3V «]O6RTN­¥Ÿ¬ Oq¬ ¦q¨]Wi¥ RVFO «´^¦,©@¦ «¬!¬­ ¦,± ¥­´]¥ \
¨Œ¥ W ¥¸\ ¬¥®¸¬S¥ V­£
|
O ;<HWV6R;[email protected]=8R4 XfO[7?387JOCLH?H?;bI<35HJO a[[email protected]@J;A46=8R4Sa 381 4L;<384S1 @?1 HdI<; 381 HYOCbjE=8R46VL;[email protected];AR46HWV63 V 351 X6/I<R;A34`[email protected]^c
OC+jE;A4.2 7TO[H:@T7:[email protected]?C67?35H VL;<H?XZR46;AU6I<35HWRC OC+jE=8R46V6;[email protected]?;<R4LHQ4 [email protected] 38R7:RI<R9;<BC635H 4 3'[email protected] X6IA3>V O^a[[email protected] O[93
[email protected] V / ;<4L=8R4Sa 381 46;[email protected] 38H @NX67:RXZRH 3 1 VfO4LH IA3 @ OULI<3^O[C (b* ( XZRC67P= _fO=5C64 VL38*[email protected] 381 IA38H:=8RXZ38H *
4
Y E (+*-(=
F2 .1 i ! ?$ ? 9 / q ;:S j! "9/ ? 1> G 3q i0
T `YEV Y
T V\W!YEZ\[S] [S]iW³Z
*
C OFEi _ OI
I<;<91 4638H ( 351 @T1O935H
™ I<;<91 4638H
‹ IA;<91 4L38H
(
™S( : < f™ || : < ,f‹ : <
pc ||k _M4 : <
| | | c |f|fˆ ‹ _M4
| c | š_M 4
| c |S( _!4
k
1 V63 |ZcO[( ;<U6IA3NV6;› C6H:;<R4
Q C6=8C64 U67?CL;[email protected]
ZO[=8;<IA;[email protected] 3N
2 R46Ve384Sab;<7:[email protected] [email protected] OI V 381 XLI<R;A3`
4 [email protected]
V63 IAC^4 ;38M 7:3
7?O46V63 V6;› CLH?;<R4
G+OI<;AH?H?CL7?3
C ;<RIAC^`
4 ;<4635H?=83546=83
V63 IQOIAC^`4 ;38M 7:3
V635H 1 :
A
53 1 @[email protected]?38C67
G+CL72 O=53 ž ›][email protected]?;Aa3
351 H * Q 469C6I<O;<7:3
Q a[[email protected] O[93
8K46=5R4Sa 381 46;[email protected]
a
@ G?H
I?: @ G
O46H5cdIQO =8RIAIQOUZR7TO @T;<R4 T*V\W!1 YEZ\[S] @T7?O a[O;AI<IA3 O M 1 I<1 O =8R46H:@?17?C6='@T;<R4 V / CL4 1 @ 381 IA38H:=8RXZ3 O M
O X6_fO[H?3lV637:. 38= _6357?= _63\3'1 @ 1 V 35a38IARX6XZ34`[email protected] [email protected] 3lO= _63'a 353`O a38=\I<3 V 3/24`1 R46H @T7?O[@T35C67
14 35=838H:HTO;A7?35H R! 4SI<[email protected] I<351 ;<@ 93 1 463V 351 a& 38* I<R38X6HJX X6381 357?RHNXL3'[email protected] ; 3'a[@ O35IAHW;<V V635C1 38HH:;A* @?3 H:[email protected]=8R464C635H8chI<[email protected]= _L46;<BC635H 3'@ I 35I<[email protected]:R46;ABbCL3
. OeVL387?4L;38M 7:3 3'1 @ OXZ3cWI<OeIA;<[email protected] V635a[O; @ H?357:ab;<7 OeM I<O aO[I<;<V6O[@T;AR4 97?O46V635C67 46O[@TC67:3 VLC V63qb
H?;A1 94 V6C V 351 @[email protected]?38C6. 7 * 8KI$VL35a[O;[email protected] 381 9SO[I<3 4`[email protected] 1aO[I<;<VL387EI / 3846H:3 4U6IA3 V635HH?RI<[email protected]?;<R46H 7?3'@T384C635HlX]Rˆ C67 IA3
@ 35I<35H?=8RX]3šAf4fO[I * 35HEXL7?RU6I3M 4`38H 7:38/ [email protected] 35H H:C67 =83\X67:[email protected][¯@ h+XZ3 ! aR;<7 IA31 XfO7?O97TO[X6_63 p+* k * & 7?q3 b
@ O[[email protected]<BC63\X]35C I<Oe1 4 . ;AH?3 O M I 3^O[C VL/ 38H [email protected] ;38M 7:38H I<;A94635H * 8K. I"35H:@E4 35=838H:HTO;A7?3`V63\X61 IQO[=8387 CL463
[email protected]?7?3$I<;<[email protected]?R/21 ¯@ hbX]3 ! G ( & O;A46H?;bBC C6463 IA;<9463 V61 3 @T38H @ ! :58 : & ! 384 1 =8RC61 7:H"V63 7 3^OIA;<1 H?O[@T;AR4 c
OCš4`Rf4`[email protected]"V63 I . 38=87:;[email protected]?1 C67?3$V63P=83 VLR+=5C^4 [email protected] & XZRC67d1 a 357?;ƒA6387"IA1 38H"H:RI<[email protected]?;<R4LH ˆ V 35=8;AV 3835H XZRC67 7 35H?RC6VL7?3
=835H XL7?R1 U6I3M 4`38H * 3EV 35X6I<R;A3 4`[email protected] @NXL7?R97?O . 4*4 3 XZRC67V [email protected] 4U67?3 ( |f| XZRC67I<3 1 [email protected]?R¯@ hbX]1 3[cZ3'@
XZRC6(7 2 35ab7:;<387 “( |f| X]RC67 IQO IA;<9463 [email protected] @ * O =8R4L4638='@T;<R4 V635H ( IA;<94L38H 38H @EX67 3'a+CL3 35?4 2 3'a+7:;<357
.( |f3| =^O[* I<384LV67?;A387NVLš3 4 ;AH?3eO M I / 3^OC VLC V 351 @[email protected]?38C67 X6I<O46; Af3 I<O =8R464638='@T;AR4 V63lIQO`[email protected] 4 ;38M 7:3I<;A9463E384
~:C6;AI<I<3'@ (|| * . 38HV6357?46;38M 7:38H I<;<94638H !™ 3M 4`3 O M ( 3M 4`3 & H:387:[email protected] [email protected] 381 38H 384 2 351 ab7?;A387 (||Sp+*
a 35X6C6;AH ‹ .
4635/UT*[email protected]:W!;<46YQRZ\H [S* ]
V
(
[O 46H0I<35H$O[464 381 35H p“| cV635H H?O[@T35I<IA;[email protected]"384L7?381 9;<H:@[email protected] V61 35H$UZRC.› 381 35H>H?RC6V6O;<4635H>V637TO}/ hR4LH$9SO“4{4 O *
OX6;<VL34`[email protected];<I+38H @$7:38=5R464C BC63=538H>U]RC.› 3538H5cOX6XZ38I 35H0H?C67:[email protected]>9SO4*4 O+c[H:[email protected]>V R7?;<9;<463 3 [email protected]
@T357?7:38H:@?7?3 3'@ 4 3g 4`3 3 [email protected]?7TOb H?R1 I<O;<1 7:3 * : O[;<HO[C~:RC67:V / _C6; 1 384L=8R7:3 IQOe4fO[@TCL7?3 VLC X6_ 381 4LRf4 35M 463 4 / 35H:@
BC63lXfO7 @T;A38I<IA3 4`[email protected] 3'j+X6IA;<BC 383 * I<CLH?;<35C67?HH/ 4 RbV 38M [email protected]_ 35R17?;AB1 C638H V63 H?C67:[email protected]?H X]357$4`[email protected]:@[email protected] VL37?3qb
X67:R+V6CL;<7?3 IA38HPRULH?387 a[O[@T;[email protected]@[email protected]@ V 3'j+X6I<;ABC6387=835H 3'a [email protected] [email protected]?H *
+ 3 = _6OX6;[email protected]?7?3 35H:@V 351 V6; 3 1 OCbj H?CL7?HTO[[email protected] 4*4 O I<O [email protected] 4 ;38M 7:3 XfO7 @T;<3NV 381 =57?;[email protected] =5R464fO[;<H?H?O46=538H
V63 =538H0X6_ 381 46fR 4e38M 4L381 H0XfO7 1 @T;A=8C6IA;<387:H ! [email protected];AR4 k * & “* ž 46H?CL;[email protected][cVfO+ 4LH"IQO H?38='@T;AR4 k *-( c1 =5387:@TO;<4L³H 4`R+V 35M I<35H
3'j+1 ;AH:@ O[41 @?H H:[email protected] [email protected] 38H >* ž .4 Af4 cbI<3 4 RbV 35M I<3 V6'C C RC6I<3'@ V63 O46R4 38H:@ 3'j+XZRH 3 VLH3 4 O46;35M 7?3 X6I<CLH
V 3'@ O;AI<I 353 VfO4LH I<[email protected];AR4 k * k *
a
"!
5
$#
798;:
&%
$'(%*) ) %
I?>J: I D :
. 35H H?CL7?HTO[[email protected] 9SO4*4 OLcdRC9SO“4{4 O 7TO}h U6C67?H @TH ! OC & c 2 [email protected] X6O7:@?;<3 V638H X6_ 351 46Rf4 38M 4635H I<35H
X6IAC6H ab;<RI<[email protected]?/2HN1 =8R464C6H VfO46H I/2/1 46; a357?H H?;dI /[email protected] 4 ;AH?H:;<R4eV63 I<O H:RC67?=53l38H @ ;<H:[email protected]:RX]3 c]354 BC638IABb1 CL1 38H
H?+ 35=8R4LV61 38H5c"I 38BC6; aO[I<[email protected] V63 I 3546387:9;<3`X67:R+V6CL;[email protected]`XfO7EI<3 G+RIA38;AI0V61 C67TO[[email protected] @[email protected] H?O abw ;<3 38H:@ I<;AU 387 383 *
/I K3813E= _LX638_ I<38IA34LfR V64 3\35M I 46/ 3E4LO;AX6aXf357?O[H 7TOhgi [email protected]+4S;A7?abR;<7?4 R4 C64 C64LH:C63"7?2 H?RO;[email protected]?O3\7E~:X6R7:CLR+7 V6CL3'@;[email protected] XfXfOO[77B_ 4 34`;AI<I<;<;AH:RX64e_ 35M V 7?/ 3O[c>464 4 381O35;AHHP383'@H:@[email protected]?O78738M H 9S7TO[O[IQO7?3j+;<O 3M
[email protected]?XLRC7838M~:HeRCLC67?4H38O4eXZH?38C6#7 =5XL C X]RVLH?3O4SI @ / _LBb;<CLH:@?3 R7?I /2;[email protected] B1 4 C63 ;AH?H?V6;A35RH 4 H:V6C63 7?H?I<O\OCLH:@TRHeC67:9S=8O 3 4*H?4R; @O ;<H:[email protected]:k RX]3 & * c IA38H V6R4L4 381 35H [email protected] IA38H =^ONb
7TO[[email protected] 351 7?;AH:@T;ABC638HPRULH?387 a[O[@T;AR464635I<I<35H X67:;<46=5;<XfOIA38H VL38HH?C67:[email protected] 9S!,+ O 4*4* *OE & [email protected] X67 351 [email protected] 381 35H !,+ k * *-( & *
a O[46H I<35H O[464 381 35H | c V635HEX6OihbH"4C646;AH V63\I / O74 34C6=5I 381 O;<7:+ 3 b I<38H ž @ O[H;b ˆ 46;<H5c I 1 / OG G [email protected]/ I<O
7TO46VL3 C 7:[email protected] O[9463 7?¯3 ~:R;<[email protected] IQO f7TO46=53 354
cJ3'@I<O _6;A463 354
bNV 35=8;<[email protected] C64
@T7?O;[email protected] 3 1 V / ;[email protected]?387:V6;<='@T;<R4! V635H 38H:HTO;AH 4C6=8I 3^1 O;A7?35H ! m 35H: @ ™f, C | O4 mJ7?3^O ¯@ h & * 1 RCL7 ™a , 381 7?& ; Af387$BC63 =83 @T7?O;[email protected] 3 1
:
H
>#,( % *#a"!
*@/£ .}° ¨·¦j´ O3VN­ ®¸¥ S¥ \ R ¥¸¬ WN¦q«´ ¬ O6Vi¬¥$´ ¨Œ¥´ iW °Œ­¥$®¯¬° [email protected]«´ ¥;¬ bdVN¥(´¥VN¨·´ ¨Œ¥´-Z]f]O ¬O «“´ NZ ­ OWVN°U¬´WN¦q«“´ ¨43 ¦ «(& ¨Œ¥´O ¨Œ° WN¥
°Œ«@¬¥;­ ®¸¥Zi¬]¥U\ Z¦ ­\¨U¥J´¦ ¬¥;¨Œ¨U°U¬¥¶´O «¬[W ¥¸\ ¬¥®¸¬]¥$\ ´;£
k
H?R;[email protected]`. [email protected] 3 1 [email protected] BC / OC6=8CL4 38H?H?O; 463 1 H:R;[email protected]`7 381 OI<;AH 3 1 1 H?CL7 mJ387?7:3 RC VfO4LH I / 38H:XfO=53c I<38H`HTO @T38IAI<; @T38H
o+ ž Q [email protected] 4`;<HP384eR7:U6;[email protected]?3 VW38M HI<3 V [email protected] V635HNO[464 3835H ,|L*
+
1
/4 3838HH @ H?O[7:@T383546I<I<V6; @TCL353 H XLRU6C6H:U638I<7;ABaC6384S3 @ BbI<C3 / XL3547?34`™;<35p 7 k H?CL‘ , 7?ˆ HT’O[* [email protected]/ 9S38OH @T4*; 4 4 O[O @?;<I<R3 4 ( @?~:78C638M ;AHeI<[email protected] XLX6™7?,SR^j+p ; 4 ‘ , kO[’)@T* ; a3 [email protected]:[email protected] H V V635;<=87:[email protected]?;<38R7 [email protected] H
V635H , [email protected]:38H H?C67:[email protected]?H/ RU6H:387 a 35 1 H`~:C6H?BC / OIAR7?H5cQ4`[email protected]:3 BC / ;<IAHEXL7?R ab;<[email protected] I / 3'[email protected] 351 7?;A38C67EV6C
HhbH @^3M 4`3EH?RI<O;<7:1 3 * : O;<HPI R7:;<9;A1463NVL3E=538H H?C67:[email protected] 9SO4*4 O 7:38H @T3E1 C64 4=h+H @^35M 7?3 *
a O46H I<381H O464 3538H ‹f| c$IA38H @?_ 38R7:;<35H H?3 / VL;Aab;<H:[email protected] 384 VL38C+j =^O[@ 389R7:;<35H VL38H Hhb/ H @^3M 4`38H UL;<4fO;A7?35H
RC V638H 3'@TR;AI<35H OeM 46/ [email protected]?1 R46H8cJX67?Rb= _635H= 38H @ O M VL;<7?3`VfO4LH [email protected]?7?3 9SOIQOhjL;A3c RC +V [email protected]?7?38H + HhbH:@^3M 4`38H
X6IAC6H IAR;<[email protected];<46H5cJO\M I 3'[email protected] 357?;A38C67 [email protected]:3 19OIQO j+;A3 >* ž 4 O^ab7?;AI ™f™ cfI<3 HTO[@?38IAI<;[email protected]?3 / 1 ! Rf4`[email protected]?R4
O 4{4 O }O h ULH?387 a[O[@TR;7 h & 38H @P384SaiR h 3cO^a38= O M H:R4 U]R7?V cb384S @T7:3 [email protected]?7?35H8cLI 3 j+X 387:;<384L=83 CIQ0m G ž
!V6C$;A7?C6387?='[email protected]@M;ARQN46H46V V63\m 7?X6O7:46RhH?a;A38384f4SO[@ 46G+=8R3 C6V67?=5383 HEž H?C6jL7:XZHT38O7:C+; @T4`HE38H?4S3 @ 4 & .* U6a I<3 35M H 35g @?HT7?O 3\[email protected];4 2 R;$7 38M 4 7?3N3 1 O4`46384 4S351 @ 3 V6V6;A3HH:@?2 7?R;<[email protected]?381 ;<3\R46H?4LCL37E4`I<O [email protected]^RWcbCLg I<@?353H
= 351 I<35H:@T3 * QNXL7838M HP_C6; @O464 381 38HV63NX67?;AH?3 V63 VLR464 351 38H8cfI<O V6;AH:@T+ 7:;<[email protected];<R4 V635H (p| 1 ˆ H:[email protected]?357:a 381 H 1
XfO/ 7 CIQ0m G ž [email protected]"=8IQO[;<[email protected] 4 [email protected]>;<H?R[@T7?RX]3 ! Af9C61 7:`3 k * & * [email protected]:@T3;<H:[email protected]:RX6;<3 35I<ƒ; 4 ;A463 1 I<O 1 XZRH:H?;<UL;<I<; @ 3
V C6463R7?1 ;<9;<463 1 9SO[IQO='@T;<BC63[c=^O7 VfO46H =83 =8OHNI<O 7 38XfO7 @T; @T;<R4eVL38H 1 H:[email protected] OC67TO[;[email protected] [email protected] 3 X67?Rb= _63 V63
=835I<IA3EXL7 38H:[email protected] 353H?CL7 I<šO A69C67?=3 k *-(+* 8KIY7?35H:@T3 OI<R7?HPV61 35C+j ;<[email protected]?X67 [email protected] O @T;<R46HX]RH:H?;AU6I<35H H:C67 IQO\X67?R aq3 b
4fO4L=83lV635H H?C67:HT1 [email protected] H:R;[email protected]<38HNH?RC67:=835H [email protected] X6I<O= 3538H O M V635H V6;AH:@ O[46=835H =8RH 4 RIAR9;ABbCL38šH ‘ , ’ c]H?R; @
38IAI<[email protected] H?; @TC 3538H OC 46; a3^O[CeVLC _fO[I<R\9SOI<[email protected]?;<BC63 ‘ ,“, ’)*
:
v k
* j q !
;5
! a4 2 2*{ E 5!, ' 5 i q/ / - 1.#+ )
k
! , . ! + ' *-( . ?$#j >q !i?
Q# 3 q 
;5
8 E1
?
8HG
4
;:S0
4
?3D
/ 38H:@ O^a35= IA3HTO @T38IAI<; @T3DC$38X6XZR)GQ ! 4 ;AH 384 R7:U6;[email protected]?3l384 ™f™, & c]BbCL3`I / R7?;<9;<463 3'[email protected]T7?ObK9SO[IQO='@T;<BC63
V635H H:C67?H?O1 [email protected]`38H @ Af4fOIA34`[email protected] OV^4`;<H?3 * Q IQO H:C6;[email protected]?3eVL3eI /2 [email protected] 4 ;AH?H:;<R4 X67:Rf4`XL+ @T3 ! I<31 OC & c"=83eHTONb
@T35I<IA;[email protected] V 3'@[email protected] VL38H [email protected] 35/ [email protected] VfO4LH I<3 V6Rf4 O;<463 3'@ [email protected]?;<BC63 + * [email protected]:@T3 [email protected] ;AH?H:;<R4 X][email protected]
V6C67:1387 BC638IABC638=H 4 ;[email protected] ~:CLH?BC O M X6IAC6H?;A38C67:H H?34 O;A4638H [email protected] a1 R;<7:3`XLI<C6H * 1 [email protected]?7?3 b XfO7 @T;<35H8cYOX!b
XZ38I 35381 H “O [email protected]?387?9I<R ; cRC V6357?46;1 38M 7:38HNIAC638CL7?H cRC 3546.0=8/2R1 7:38H 34`;<H:H?;<R4 7 34 [email protected]?38H KcZXZ381 74 3'@[email protected][email protected]
V63 V 3'@T35$7 4`;<46357I<3 ,$ ! $q ! V 35=^O/ I<O93 H?XZ38='@T7?OI & * [email protected] ;AH?H:;<R4 [email protected];<BC63 X]357$4`[email protected]\V63 V 3'@T357$4`/ ;<46357
BC638IAI<3l35H:@EIQO 9SO[IQO j+;<3 _ Rg @T3[c [email protected]= 35H:@EIQeO 4`38H:C67?3\V6C ,$ ! $q1 V6. 3\IQO 9OIQO j+;A3BC6;0X]357$4`[email protected] V 38/ H @T;cb
4`387 IQO V6;AH:@TO46=83 O M IQO BC635I<I<3\I<O H?RC67:=83`V6C C 35H:@EH?; @TC 353 * O [email protected] 4 ;38M 7?3lRU6H?357:a[O[@T;AR4 V C6463
+
:
8
8
ˆ
31 4`;<H:H?;AR4 7 31 4 [email protected] c38H:@NOH:H?Rb=8; 351 3 O[C* OC ™Sp|S((“‹ < 1* C6. 38IABbCL1 38H _638C67:38H X6I<[email protected] O[7?V cfVfO[46H
=83 4e3g 1 4`3 H?CL7?HTO[[email protected]^c"CL463 [email protected]:38XfO[7:@T;A3 [email protected]?;<BC63 38H @\RU6H:387:a 353 * 3 V 1 38=8OIQO93 H?XZ1 38='@T7TO[IP38H:@`O[I<R7:H
38H @Tƒ; 4 3 O M G | ‹ k ! & 1 *Ÿa O46H I<3 =81 OHN1 VL3 1 BC635I<BC638H H?C67:[email protected] 34`;<H:H?;AR46HP7 [email protected] O[[email protected][46H
I<.03 / VLfR 4 1 O[;<463 7?OV6;[email protected] 359SOIA34`[email protected] [email protected] 3EV 38=8RCLa357:@T35H *
O[464 383 H:C6;Aa[[email protected]?3c"O[I<R7:H BC63 @?RC6HIA38HH:[email protected]\O[X6XfO7?O;<H:[email protected] O M CL463 V6;AH:@ O[46=83 =5RH$4`RIAR9;<BC63
! & cbI<#3 C ™f‹| ˆ ( [email protected] 4U6I<3 O46R7 4 OIA3 4`[email protected]$X67?Rb= _63 l G | |f|‹ * 8KI [email protected] X6IAC6H8c 35g @T7:3
OH:H?Rb=8; 3\1 1 O M I<OEH:C6X]357?46R a[O ™f™‹ U ; c+V63 ¯@ hbX](3 8K= .* ž 4 1 ™f™f™ cC6463 7TO;A3 V / OULH?R7:[email protected];AR4 V6C 357 [email protected] I<35H
=^O[7TO='@ 387:;<H @T;<B/2C61 35H [email protected] X67?1 Rb= _638HEV63\=835I<IA38H RU6H:387 a 35 38H VfO46HEI<35H 3'j+X6I<RH?;<R46H V638HEH?C6XZ387:46R a[O3cY38H @
3'[email protected]?7TO; @T3 V63 I @3 4 ;AH?H:;<R4 7 3 4 [email protected] V6C H?CL7?1 HTO[[email protected] C ™f™|Sp | 3* ž 4 ( |f| cLVfO4LHPIQO =5RC6/ = _63 V63 9SO P
[email protected]?RC67TO[41 @IA3 H?CL7?HTO[+CL,@ 1 C | ( cV635H 35I<@3 4 [email protected]?H @T35I<H BC63 I<13 H?;AI<;<=5;<^C 4e cI<3 H:R.C 2 7:3c6.0I / O7:91 R4 H:/ [email protected]
4`;<H 354 35ab;<V63546=83 * 38H 35I<3 4`384S @[email protected]¯@ hbX6;ABbCL3 4`[email protected]`OH?H:R+=5; 35HlOC+j H?C6XZ387:46R aO[3 * ;<V 353 V C6463
OH:H?Rb=8;QO @T;<R4 [email protected]?7?3 I<35H OC 3'@lI<35HH?CLX]357?46R a[O3 O 351 @ 3 1 =8R46H?;AV 381 7 381 3 V 35M H ™f, ‹ ‘ p ’ c"O[;<46H:;$BC / 384
cfBCfO46V CL4 H?CL7?HTO[[email protected]@?7838M H U67?;AI<I<[email protected] @ HTO[;<H?;Y354 V6;A7?38='@T;AR4 VLC 7?O46V CfO[93 VL3š: O938I<I<O4
+ ™S3P“p H?™ 357TO IQONXL7?3 4`;35M 7?3 RU6H?357:a[O[@T;AR4\V / [email protected]?7?3P=5IQOH:H?3PV63H?CL7?HTO[[email protected] OX6XZ38I 381 3 G l KG+R [email protected] O 4*4 O *
38XZ3^O[@?387 ‘ pN( ’)*
a 387:46;35M [email protected] 4 [email protected] [email protected] 4 ;38M 7:3lO4fOI hbH?3 VL38H V6R4L4 381 35HEVL3I /23 1 4`;<H:H?;<R4 X67:fR 4 [email protected] VLC C |S( ( |, c
4`[email protected]?3 C646H
3 2 R7:@T3 X]RIQO7:;<HTO @T;<R4 V635H X6_6R[@TR46H
‘ k : O[;<H CL463 [email protected]?7?3NO4f OI h+H:3
ˆ‘ p ’ 463 =5R.4 Af7 4 3 XfOH=53E7 381 H:[email protected][@^c6BC6;Y7:38H:@?3 =8!R [email protected]:R a‹f38| 7:H 3 1 * (| & p ’)*
1 7838M H`V63 BCfO[[email protected] O464 381 38H`[email protected] 351 =8RC6I 381 35H V635X6C6;AH I<O [email protected] 4 ;38M 7?3 V 3'1 @[email protected];AR4 V / CL4H?CL7?HTO[[email protected]
9SO4*4 OLc83'@ VL3$97?O46V635HJO a[O4L= 381 35HdR1 [email protected] 351 @ 3$1 7 3^1 OIA;<H 381 38H5c 97 O[g =83 OC+j VL;ƒ› 381 [email protected][@?38I<IA;[email protected]?38H 1 3'@[email protected] 381 IA38H?=5RXZ38H
OClH:RI * ž 4\XfO[1 7:@T;A=8C6IA;<357 I<ONX]RH?H?;AU6;[email protected] 3 V63P7:1 38V6;A7?;[email protected] ~:RC67?H"XLI<C6H"7?OX6;AV63 1 4`[email protected]=538H>V 1 [email protected]?38='@T38CL7?H0a357?H
C64 XZR;[email protected] 35=8;AHNV6C =5;<38I)cX]35$7 4`[email protected] VL3 V 3'@T38='@T357 I<38H H?C67:[email protected] 3'@ I<35C67 @3 4 ;AH?H?;AR4e7 3 4 [email protected][46H
@T/[email protected] I<R469C635C67?H V / R46V635H * . 38H 7 @3 1 4 O[463846=538He/ [email protected]]35$7 4`/ ;<H V63 =8R.4 Af$7 4`387 I / _ hbX]R[@T_ 35M H?3 V63
I R7:;<9;A463 3 [email protected] bK9SO1 I<[email protected]?;<BC63[[email protected];AI H:3 4U6IA3 OC ~:RCL7?V _C6;c6BC63 I OH:H?Rb=8;<O[@T;AR4 V635HH?C67:[email protected]?H O a38=EI<35H
H?CLX]357?46R a[O3 H:R;[email protected] 3'@ OU6IA;<3 * 351 H:@?3 IQO XZRIQO7:;<H?O[@T;AR4 V635H X6_6R[@TR46H5cYIQO V6387:46;35M 7?3 1 46RCLa38I<IA/ 3\384 V6O[@T3[c
BC6;[email protected] 1 4U6IA3 3846=5R7?3 [email protected] @ 353c>351 @\BC6;Pƒ; 4 X6IA;<BC6357TO; @^cWXfO7l3 j+3 4`X6I<3[c"IQO X67 38H:3846=53 V C64k= _fO 4`X
4 O94 3'@T;<BC63\;[email protected]?3846H:3 3'@ R7:V6R464 3 RC IQO 4`R+V6; Af=^O @T;<R4 V6C 4`R+VL3`VL3 X67:[email protected]?;<R4 V638H [email protected]?R46H *
1 RC67 3'j+X6IA;<BC6357 =835H RU6H:387 aO @T;<R46H8cbV63 46R 4U67?35C+j 4 RbV 38M IA38H [email protected] 351 @ 3N1 V 3'1 a35I<RX6X 381 H * 8KI<H XZ387 4 3'@[email protected][email protected]
V63/ 7:38X67:R+VLC6;<1 7:3 X6I<CLHdRCš4`R;<4LH U6;A384lIA38HdRU6H?357:a[O[@T;AR46H5c4 O;<H I<34=h+H @^35M 7?3 V635H%EO“4{4 O O}hDC$C67?H @TH
4 38H @NXfO[H 7 38H:RI<C *
:
.
:
:
H7
9*
+!# % )(
*-
( [ U% #S*-,$,!
I % RŸO LNR K}I
"LNR L IM K I šKiI RSLNI A A I
V635H( C 35H:@0I<O a[O7:; 351 @ 3$1 VL38H³2 R74
)(
D
. O`=^[email protected] 381 7:;<H:@?;<BC63EIQO\X6I<CLH [email protected]?3 V635HNX67:RAfIAH @?34`X]R7:38IAH
1 38H * 1 I<CLH?;<35C67?H 3'j+34`X6IA38H"V63$=8RCL7?UZ38H"V63 I<C^4`;35M 7?38H
5
3
d
H
'
3
"
@
6
V
5
3
"
H
6
V
6
C
7
8
3
[email protected] X67 381 [email protected] 381 35H Af9C67:3 k * 1 k * 1 463`=8IQO[H?H?;Af=^O @T;<R4 VL3 =835H [email protected]?34`X]R7?38IAH 38H @V6R4L= V6;¡`=8;<IA3 O M
2 O;A7?3c!4 O;<H V63B4 O46;35M 7?3 9 384 387TO[I<3c+I<35H ; 4`X6C6IAH?;<R46JH 4 [email protected][email protected](
1V 35=87?R;<H?H?O46=53P3'j+X][email protected];A38IAI<3 X6IAC6H"[email protected] * 8KI64 / hO O[X6XfO7:3 4*4 [email protected]"3 Xf2 ORH"$7 4`V63P3`78O M 38M 9=8IA7?3 R;<H:H?C6H?70O46I / =5;<4S3 @T7T35O46X6H?;A; [email protected] 3$3N1 V63'[email protected]
= _fOBC63l;ƒ4 XLC6I<H:;<R4 IA38+ H X67:34`;35M 7?38H X][email protected] 3'g @T7:3X6I<CLHNI<C.4 ;A4638C6H:38H51 c RC4`R;A461 H IAC^4`;<4635C6H?35HNBC63
H?CL;Aa[[email protected] ‘ ,‹“’ c ‘ p“|/ ’)* 387 @ O;A46HNH:[email protected]?BH 4 [email protected][email protected] CL463 a[O7?;<OU6;AI<;[email protected] 3 H?C67NV638H 35= _638IAI<38H V63 @?3 4`X6H
@T. 7838M H=8RC61 7:@?38H8cV63 I R7:V67?3 VL3EI<O 4 ;A1 I<IA;<H?35=8R4LV63 1 *
O V6C67 3831 V638H0H:[email protected]?H 35467?.359;<H @T7 38H01 XfO7dI<3 V 3'1 @[email protected] CIQ0m G ž 3'1 @ OULI<;[email protected]=8I<O;<7:3 4`[email protected]"I / 3 jL;AH:@?3846=53PV63
V635C+jl=8O[@ 359R7?;A38H V63 OC * ONV6C67 383Pm ™f| c[V 3 Af46;A3 =8fR 4*4`3 I<3 @[email protected] 4 X6Hd4 38=538H?H?O;<7:3 XZRC670O=5=8^C 4 C6I<357
:
¢N£ !¥ ´VN­ ´¦3Vi¬X¦¥SV(¨U°Œ¥SV(¨Œ¥J¢/$ :L¥;\ ±}­°U¥­*,)')}£
£ Q«H­¥W´;fN° :¬XWi¥ +Fe $6M 5]e}®SO ­­¥$´;Z O «`W ¦ P VN«N¥ Wi°·´¬¦q«“®¸¥ Wi¥ +]e 5 UZ® Z`O6VN­[VN«$NQ«N°U±@¥;­ ´ NZ ¨Œ¦q¬ £
/ £ 6FO ­ R¥ ,¥ \ &@¦ ¨U¥ R¥«¬ ¦3Z]Z“¥¨ ¥;\ ¥ 46!7 9 +^ 6“¦ ´¬ 7\°·´¥¶¦q«`W 9 @Z`[email protected]«N¥;«¬°·¦q¨E¥®¦,© £
M LN
V63I /2381 46357?9;A3 @[email protected]<3PVLC`ULC67?H @ ! [email protected]:3 '3 @ ™ & cSH?3V6;AH:@?7?;<ULC63PV63v4 O[46;35M 7?3 U6;ƒ4 RbVfOIA3 * + [email protected]:@T3
V6;AH:@T7:;<[email protected];<R4 chX67 351 [email protected] 381 3 Af9CL7?3 k * ˆ c4 [email protected]?7?3$V638+C jX6;<=5H O M | cUkN3'@ (| H:38=5R46V635H8cSBC6;L=5R7?7:38H:X][email protected]
™f|
7?35H?XZ38='@T;Aa34`[email protected] O\M V635HNH?CL7?HTO[[email protected] =8RC67 @TH !*) ( H & cZ3'@`O\M V635H H:[email protected] I<R4L9/ H ! + ( H & * . 3E7TOX6XZR+ 7 @
V6C 46R 4U67?13 V63 H?CL7?HTO[[email protected]\=8RC67:@?1 HlOC 46Rf4 U67?3 VL3 H?C67:[email protected]\I</ R4L9H 35H:@lV 384Sab;<7:R4 k ‘ ,Sp’)*P! 3
7TO[X6X]R7:@$V 38XZ3846V VLC H?35C6;<IZV63 V 38=5I<384L= _634`[email protected] G ž cL= 35H:@ OEM V6;<7:3 BC63 =835IQO 4L3NH?;A946;Af3 X6OH
2 R7:= 3 1 4`[email protected] BC / ;<I h O[;[email protected]^cL384e7 3^1 O[I<;[email protected] 31 3c 4 R;A46H V63 H:[email protected] =8RC67:@?H BC63 V63 I<R469H * & v k * k =
A !d5 (
!` 2š G , F2 5,H! 198>¸. 1.H!>9(/ !`¯32 1> % , 71Ÿ_/ i > / H!
 / , 9"/ ! 1Ÿ, JŒ"¯32 1> Œ"! ( 3,!' 4 2 2*B* . ,)/@0
,
v k * ˆ j ;5! ! !_i/ ,
"! 3,!'B >, 4 _/ X1. 0/ ¯? ¸ ! + ) 0
%
<; 354BC63 IA38H H?C67:[email protected]?H 31 4`35ˆ @:@[email protected] 9 381 4 381 7TO[I<34`[email protected] V638H [email protected]
[email protected]?7?3 | _3'/ o [email protected] : 35o cO^a351 = 1 C64 1 4 O j+;1 4 C^. [email protected]?RC67 /21 V63 (|| b || _[35oc[[email protected]?R46H"V63$BC6< 38IABbCL38H
_3'o ~:C6H?BC O M ‹ 3'o [email protected] [email protected] 3lV [email protected]?38='@ 38H * 3 fC+j H 3'@ [email protected]:3 | c 3'@ |f| [email protected] [[email protected] [H8c 3'@
IQOB6C63846=53 384 381 1 4L387?9;<3 1 a[O7?;A3 [email protected]:3 | [email protected] | / 387:9 [@= 4 < * 1 1 a 3š4 O46;35M 7?3XL_ 3846R4 3546RI<R9;<BC63[c I<3 H:X][email protected]?7?3` V CL4 H:[email protected] @ 9 384 357TOIA34`[email protected] =^[email protected] 381 7:;<H 3\1 XfO[7
IQO 2 [email protected]?;<R4 V63 C O4LV ‘ p ’ l
%
! % & ! K & 6
X
L
_
R
T
@
R
L
4
H
k* &
!
 ! & _3'o =4 < H G
u
w + !
& ! K & %
RWC M I<35HEX6O7TO 4e35M @?7?35H c c 3'@ H:[email protected] [email protected] XfO7ENO ~:CLH:@[email protected] 4 [email protected]?CL7 IA38u H V6R464 381 38H5c 3'@ 38H @
= _6R;AH?;WXZRC67PBC63EIQO 2 [email protected];AR4 H?R; @=8% [email protected]?;<4C63 l
G ! & || _[35o ! k *( &
.0/2351 % 46387:9;<3 V6CeX6;A=% c cf=8R7:7?38H:X]R46VfO4Su @ OC54 O j+;ƒ 4C^4 VL3EI<O 2 [email protected]?;<R4 <  ! & c35H:@ 7?35I<; 351 3 O M [email protected] 1 XfO7 G ! ( & cSH:; ) ( 1 ‘ p“, ’)* : O;AH>[email protected]:@T37?35X67 351 [email protected][@T;AR4 4 / 35H:@$I<3P7?3 [email protected]$V / OC6=5C6463
@T. _ 38R7:;<3XfO7 @T;<=5C6I<;38M 7:# 3 =8R4L=8387:[email protected] IA3 u 4 35=^O4L;<$H 4`3V63X67?RbV6C6='@T;AR4 VL38H 7T}O hR4L463 4`[email protected]$V6C`H?C67:[email protected] *
O Af9C67:=3 k * 3854 4`[email protected]?3 C64e3'[email protected] 4 X6IA3 H?C67IA3 H?C67:HTOCL#@ OC ™™f| ( k *
@KiL7X \K 'R O C O A I I . O Af9C67:3 k 4 [email protected]?7?3EBbCL3I<35H H:[email protected] [email protected] 381 X6O7:@?;<H V63
*
2 O =5 R4 ;<H?R[@T7?RX]3 H:C67IQO aRWC+g @T3 = 351 I<35H:@T3[cV63 BC6;YX6IQO;AV6 3 354 2 O^a38C67 V / C6463 H?RCL7?=83E3'[email protected]?7TO b 9SOIQO[[email protected];ABC63c
RC OC X6IAC6H X67:R+= _L3cWH?; @TC 351 3VfO4LHEIA3 _fO[I<R 9SOI<[email protected]?;<BC63 * a O4LH I / [email protected]_ 1 38M H?3lRWC M IA38H H:[email protected]?HEH:[email protected]
V635H = _f/ O[46V638IAI<35HH:@TO46VfO7:V6H Kc V635H\O4fOI hbH?38H ! ‘ ‹f|’ c ‘ ‹ ’ & [email protected] 4 [email protected]?7 3 BC63 I<O V6;AH:@?7?;<[email protected];AR4 VL38H
OC 4 35H:@PX6OH _6fR 4`R9635M 463NV6O46H CL4 38H?X6O=83 C6=5I<;AV6;<354 ! V6O46H IA3 =8OH [email protected]?7TO;A7?3[cbIA38H$H?C67:[email protected]?HPI<35H
X6IAC6H 381 I<R;<94 351 H H?357TO;[email protected] I<35H4`R;A46H U67:;<I<I<[email protected] & * ž
"LNR L IM K I % I iK L BA I C
0
=
.
:
:
X³D
I 9 'RŸO L I OQI!O K}I
53 X6C6;AH /21 I<38CL7 [email protected] ;38M 7:3 V 351 @[email protected]?;<R4 c I<35H )$q¸ ³ H:[email protected]/ @?7835M H 2 7 381 [email protected]{4`[email protected] RU6H:387 a 351 HkO M I<O
H?CL;[email protected]\V63\I [email protected] ;AH?H?1 ;AR4 X67:Rf4 [email protected]=538=5; 97 Og =53 O M I<O 7?OX6;AV61 ;[email protected] 3lV 1 R7?;</ [email protected] O[@?;<R4 V61 35H H?O[@T35I<IA;[email protected] 384?2 R46=qb
@T;[email protected] 4 [email protected] * 3^O4^4`R;A46H8cWO[C6=8C64 V635H )$q¯ ³ V [email protected]?38='@ 38HE4 38H @ O[H?H?Rb=8; 3 O M C64 H:[email protected]=8RC67:@ *
a
N£ª«¬]¥\ & ­ ¦q¨Œ¥
5
4
W]V`V
4
¥«N¥;­ & °Œ¥E­¥ ®S< VH´VN­\¨·¦WVN­]¥;\ ¥_WVB´;V­´¦+Vi¬$£
@ W"3;\
p
v k
*
Ÿ *Q# M ¯32 >`! !> i/ Q# 3 !,3 4 2 2*'`/?* }$ ? !
+`Ÿ0 )"f!+* / %
"332
1
. O`BC635H:@?;<R4 V63 H?O^aR;A7 H:;Y=838H H?C67:[email protected] / [email protected] [email protected]›]38='@T;Aa34`[email protected] XfOH V /[email protected] 4 ;AH?H:;<R4 7 [email protected] 4 [O [email protected][c]RC H:;
381 IAI<[email protected] X6I<CLH VL;ƒ¡`=8;AI<38HE O\M V 351 @[email protected]?387 7?38H /@T3ERCLa387:@?3 *
RC67PI</35H H?CL7?HTO[[email protected]<R4L9H8c ‹f| O‰M ™fˆ | V [email protected]:3 38C+j [email protected] [email protected] 4 ;AH?H?;AR4 7 31 4 [email protected]?3 384 c | VfO4LH I [email protected];ABbCL3c63'@ H:38C6IA34`[email protected] 354 7?OV6;<R5‘ ,f‹“’)*
>. /K31 4`;<H:H?;AR4 7 [email protected] 4 [email protected] 384 38H @NX67:38H:[email protected]?RC~:RC67:HRU6H?357:a 381 3 * . 3;fC+j
38H @ =^O[7TO='@ 381 7:;<H 3 1 XfO7 C6463 I<R;V63 XLC6;<H:HTO461 =53 V 351 =87?R;<[email protected] 354 2 R46='@T;<[email protected]?34`1 X6H !
c
O^a35= ‘
35M HPIQO X67:34`;35M 7?3 V 3'@[email protected];AR4 OC
cR4eORU6H:387 a 3 BC63 IQO fC6384L=83
V6/ 3 IQO 7 31 4 O 46 | 3546=8( 3e |“/ ’38& 4 *^a 7?35X67 351 [email protected]?3 X67838M H`V63 1 ˆ | ! VL3eI<O ™Spf|SC6(38(“4L‹ =8& 3e384 /K1 c0=53 BbCL;P; 4`X6I<;ABbCL3 BC63
I O“[email protected]?387?9I<R ; / b 4 38H @NX6OHIQOlB/2C61 38C63 O\M UfO/ H?H:3 3546387:9;<3 1 V6C H?XZ38='@T7?3EV63 I 34`;<H:H?;AR4 X67?R4 [email protected]?3c>4 O;<H
X67:Rhab;[email protected] V CL463 VL;<H?H:;<XfO @T;<R4 V 3846357?9;A3EV R7:;<9;A463 V6; › [email protected]?e3 ‘ p ‹N’*
K BA KiIML A R 1 RC67 | VL38H\H?C67:[email protected] [email protected] I<O X]RH?;[email protected]?;<R4 35H:@ U6;<354 351 @ O[U6I<;A3c"I<O
7 [email protected] 4 O[463846=53 [email protected];ABC63 38H @1 RU6H?357:a 381 3 .* 463EOU6H:3846=53 VL3 V 351 @[email protected]?;<R4 [email protected]'g @T7?3 VLC63 O\M I / 3 [email protected];<4L=51 @T;AR4 IA3
I<R469 VL3 I<OEIA;<9463PVL3 ab;<H 383[c+RC OC 4L;Aa38OC VL3 I<OEH:RC67?=53N35I<I<q3 b¯4 3g . 4`3cX6O7>I<38H XZR1C6H?H:;35M 7?38H$X67 [email protected]?38H
VfO4L1H I<v3 4`;<IA;<38Cl;[email protected]:9SO1 I<O=51 @?;<[email protected] =838IAI<35H VL3NIQO 9SOI<O j+;<3P1 _ R[g @T3 * 33 6C+j V63N/I<OE7 3 4 O46384L=83 [email protected];ABC63
38H @ 389SOIA3 4`[email protected]=8O7TO='@ 357?;<H 3>XfO7 C64L3 IAR;VL3 XLC6;<H:HTO46=53>V 38=57?R;AH?HTO[[email protected]?3c [email protected] ;A46V63 j 38H @J=8fR 4`XfO7?OU6I<3
OlM =835I<C6;WV635H7 3 4 O463546=835H 354 *
C 'R KiIML A R
6
4
3
7
1 4 O46384L=83 7TO[V6;<R O 3'1 @ 3 1 RU6H:387 a 351 3 H:C67lC6463 ab;[email protected] O[;<463 VL3 C
3
H?. 35C6I<@3 4 [email protected] * . O X67:3 4`;38M 7:3 1 V 3'1 @[email protected];AR4 V63l=83 X6_ 381 4LfR 4 35M 463\38H @ OH?1 H:R+1 =5; 351 3\OC 1H?C61 7:[email protected] C ™Sp | |f‹L*
38EH [email protected]?CfO[@T;AR46H RU6H?357:a [email protected] 384Sab;<7:R4 C64 4`R;<H [email protected] 3'@ 3;[email protected]?387:X67 3'@ 3835H =8fR 4*4`3 C64 3 › 3'@
V63 H?=5;<[email protected];AI<I<O[@T;AR4 V65C 4`;<I<;A38C ;[email protected]:H:@?38I<I<O;<7:š3 ‘ p ™“’)*
. 35He=8O7TO[[email protected] 351 7?;AH:@T;ABC638H X67 381 H:[email protected] 351 38He;<=8;)c 7 381 H?.C 4 [email protected] XL7838M H V63 k O464 351 38H V / RU6H?357:a[O[@?;<R4 * ž IAI<35H
R4S1 @ X]357$4`;<H\V /2351 @ O[U6I<;A7`VL38H + 4`RbVW38M [email protected]_ 351 R7?;ABC638H V63 H:[email protected] 1 9SO4*1 4 O+c"V63 IA38H O“¡`46387`[email protected] V / 384
V 3'a38IARX6XZ387PV63N46RCLa3^OC+j * 357:@TO;<46H V63 =835H 4 RbV 38M [email protected] 38H:[email protected] 35H [email protected];AR4 H?CL;Aa[[email protected] *
L KiIML - A R %
:
-
-
‹
564
)
798;:
8 8;:
@
' %) ) %
8
% I?> :D:
. 35H 4 RbV 38M IA38H @?_ 381 R7?;<BC635H V6R;[email protected] 7?35X67?RbV6C6;A7?3 IA38H XL7?RX67:; 3'1 @ 381 H RU6H?357:a[O[@T;AR464635I<IA38H V 351 =87:;[email protected]
X67 381 = 351 V634*4`[email protected] * . 38C67 ;<[email protected] 351 7835g @ 38H @ 351 9SOI<[email protected] [email protected] V63eX67 381 V6;A7?3eI<38H`7 351 H?C6I @ O[@?H O[/ @:@T3546V6C6H V63 2 [email protected]?C67?35H
RU6H:387 aO @T;<R46H XZRH?H:;<U6IA38H * a O1 46H I<O X6I<CLXfO7:@ V638HB4`R+V 38M I<35H8c]IQO X67:R+1 [email protected]?;<R4 V C64 H:[email protected]*4 O
H?3 2 O[;[email protected] VfO[46. H C64 ~:[email protected] =838H 3¯~:[email protected]?;<R4LH [email protected]?7TOb 7?/38I<O[@T; ab;<H:@?38H`RU6H:387:a 3538HeVfO46/ H V6; a357?H RU!~:3'@TH OH @T7?Rb
X6_ hbH?;ABbCL3 * 1 38H 4`RbVW38M IA38H`V6R;[email protected] 35H?HTO}h387 V 3'j+X6I<;ABC63875c H?; X]RH?H?;AU6I<3[c$I O[X6XfO7:;[email protected];AR4kV63 =538H=~:[email protected]?H
!4`IA38R+H V X635M I<7?35RH 9 V638463 ; @TX6387?CLR7?9 H 381 & 46cd; @T3'[email protected]?OeH X6;A7?I RbH:V6RC64S='@ @T;<H:RC64 =8=5V6;<4638H='@[email protected]}4 [email protected] HlV 9S351O=84*7?; [email protected] VfO[Vf46OH46H IQO=8H?3835H`=5~:@?3';<[email protected] * k 8KI 3'j+;<H . @T338HvX64`IAC6R+H?V;A3835M C6I<357:HH
*-(+* *
V63 X67:[email protected];AR4 V63 9SO4*4 O[H [email protected] OUZR7?V 381 HVfO46HI<O\H:38='@T;<R4 k * (+*-(+*
H7
(
*0&
'
( &$
+!9* ,$#% "!=(
0. /2381 46357?9;A3 X67:R+VLC6;[email protected]?3$VfO[46HdIA38HdH:[email protected]?H"9SO4*4 O ! VfO46H I / [email protected]_ 38M H?3 RYC M 35I<I<3 38H @ 31 4`;<H:3>V632 O=5 R4
;<H:[email protected]:RXZ3 & 38H @N=5Rf4`XfO7TO[U6I<3 O\M I /K381 4L387?9;<3 97?O ab; @ O[@?;<R464L38I<IA3NIA;<U 351 7 381 3 XfO[7PI / O=8=57 351 @?;<R4 V / 384Sab;<7:R4 CL463
4 OH?H:3 H:RIQO;A7?3 V63"4 O @T;35M 7?3 H?CL7NC64 RU!~:[email protected]=8Rf4`XfO='@ V63 4 OH?H:3 H @T35I<IQO[;<7?3 *Sa 3 XLI<C6H5cZ354 7?O;<H:R4 VL38H
381 = _L38I<IA38HV63 @?3 4`X6HPV63 a[1 O7?;</ O[@T;AR4e4`;<H?35H 384 ~:38C c6R4 H?C6XLX]RH:3 BC63 IA3(4 R[@T38CL/ [email protected]?7TOIWX67:R+VLC6;<[email protected]
I<. 35H\H?C67:[email protected]?H 35H:*@ 2 R$7 4 31 V [email protected]:RC 46R;<7lVL3 4 OH?H:3 H @T35I<IQO[;<7?3 X61 I<[email protected] Rg @`BC CL4n1 @T7:RC 46R;<7 4 OH?H:;ƒ2 *
38H 1 4`R+V 35M I<35HV63 X67:R9 384L;[email protected]?Hl=8OXfOULI<38HlVL3 X67?RbV6C6;A7?3 [email protected][email protected]?3 3846357?9;A3 H?3 H 35XfO7:[email protected] H:38IAR4 V638Cbj
=^O @ 389R7?;A38H l
3 4 OH:H?;Aa3
I / 3 › [email protected] 4 [email protected] =5R+35C67V / CL463 3'1 @TR;AI<(
I<O=8RSOIA38H:=8384L=83EV / O[H:@T7:38H =8fR 4`XfO='@THVfO4LH VL38HH hbH:@^3 M 4`38H U6;<4fO[;<7?35H
=5RI<I<OX6HTO[78chV63PIQO H?C6X67?O46R a[O RC
a O46/ HdIQONX67:3 4`;35M 7?3 =8O[@ 351 9R7:;<3c[[email protected];<H:@?;<469C6+ 387 I<3 4`RbVW38M IA3$V6C\
V63PI 1 _ hbX]357?46R a[O ! H:C6X]357?46R a[O 1 H?C6XZ38¸7 b¯4 OH?H:;Aa3 & * 1 [email protected]>I<35H"X67:R9 381 4L;[email protected] 7?HdV638H>H?CL7?HTO[[email protected]/ CL3
V6C67 383 CL38IWBC63 H?R; @I<3B4 38=8O46;<H4 3N;<4SaRbBC [email protected]?RC6H=835H4`RbVW38M IA38HPX67 38V6;[email protected] IQO 2 R7$4 O[@T;AR4 V C64
@T7:RC 46* R;[email protected] 3 1 V / C64 V6;AH?BC63 ! RCeV / [email protected]:3 & V / O=5=87 3'1 @T;AR4 *
=R A"A^ L
463 3'1 @TR;AI<3 4 OH:H?;Aa3 aR; @\H?R4k=5R+35C67l+ V63 2 387lH / 3 1 › R4L/ V67?357`XZRC67l=5/ 7 351 387l1 [email protected]:RC
46 R;A7 VL3 387?7 ! @?. 7?RC 4LR;<7E38/ 4 7:[email protected] O[@?;<R4 cYaR;<7 O461 463 j+13 & 38/K4S1 @?RC67 3 V CL4 V6;<H:BbCL3 V O=8=57 [email protected]?;<R4 V63
[email protected] OCbj V O=8=57 [email protected]?;<R4 38H @ @?7835M H 35I<3'a 3[[email protected] 384L387?9;<[email protected] 35g @?7?3\3'[email protected]?O;[email protected]?3lV63\V638Cbj
|
*
2 O=5 R46(
H OlM u l Xf O7 @T;A7PV63 I / [email protected]?;<R4 VL3EI<šO 4 O[@?;35M 7?3 V6CeV6;AH?BC63 RC V6C @TR7?3
&
O lM XfO7 @T;A7PV63 I /2381 46357?9;A3 [email protected][@T;AR464635I<IA3NV6C @T7:RC 4LR;<7 X6! O7I / @3 ›][email protected] C I<O46.V 2 R7:V b 4fNO ~:3 _ ‘ ‹f‹N’
+ [email protected] 351 a 381 4L3 4`[email protected]?3 V 381 7:RC6IA387TO[;[email protected] VfO46H$C64 354ab;A7?R464L3 4`[email protected] V63546H?3[cLX67:R+= _L3NV635H 7 351 9;<R4LH$V6v3 2 R7 4 O b
@T;AR4 V /2351 @TR;<I<35H *
L OXRS 8KI H / O9;[email protected]`VfO[46H =53 =^O[H V / C6463 3'1 @TR;AI<3 O M [email protected]?7?R4 H:C6XZ38$7 4 OH:H?;Aa3 354 [email protected][@T;AR4 c
X67:R+V6CL;[email protected]\OM IQO . H:C6;[email protected]?3NV / C646/ 3 3 j+X6I<RH:;<R4 354 H?C6XZ387:46R a[1 O\1BC6;)cL354 7TOIA381 [email protected];AH?HT1 O[[email protected] 7TOX6;AV63 4`[email protected]+ƒ; 4 X6IAR1 H?3
384 @?7?RC 46R;<7 * R7?H V63 I ; 4`X6I<RH?;<R4 cIQ=O 4 O[@?;35M 7?3NXL7 138= [email protected] 4{4`[email protected] ¯3 ~:[email protected] 383 XfO7 IQ,O G 38H:@U6OIQ}O h 383[c
[email protected] 1 IA3 4`;<I<;A38/ C RYC M O I<;<35C I<3 /21 C 38H:@ O1 [email protected]:@TRih 3`VL3lH?38H UfO[7hR46H * 4 1 @?R7?3lVL3 | 38H @
X67 38V6; @$3'@ I 3 [email protected][=51 @T;AR4\1 V63 I 3846357?9;A3 7 38H:[email protected]?3 VL3 I<OE=5R4Sa387:H?;AR4 V6C fC+j`V63 iR [email protected];A469 384 C64 [email protected]
7?35IQO[@?;Aab;<H @T3(4 O94 [email protected];AH 3*‘ ‹ ’)*
\ IMLOQRJS
1 @?R;<IAš3 4 OH:H?; a3 k 384 [email protected][@T;AR4 7TOXL;<V63[cWH / @3 ›]R46V67:3 3'"@ 2 R$7 4`3
6
4
3
5
3
C64 @T7:RC 4LR;<7 V63 | * . 38HE=8RC6= _638HE3'[email protected]?387?4L38H ;A46;[email protected]?;QOIA3 4`[email protected] ¯3 ~:38='@ 381 35H 463\H /2351 = [email protected]
£ 3¦ i° °U« i¬° @« i¥ ¨ ¥«N¥;­ & °Œ¥ ¦/&@« ¥¸¬° N¥® @«@¬¥;« N¥ N¦q«´E¨Œ¥ ± ¨ ¥ N«N¥ ´ N­ ¦@®¸¥ c¥;­ ¥;¥ N­ N«N¥
N­ ¥¥ @«N« ¥¥ i¥$´'¬\¨Œ¥ H´ ­¬¦ «¬ (±@¥®¯¬¥ N­ N¥ µ ©}«¬°Œ«(& ¦ ¬­ ¦,± ¥;­ ´ ®¸¥;¬¬¥J´ N­ ¦ ®;¥ £
!
:
KW
WV F\ UWO
R
V
\ 3e
O
W
FV
?3;\
@ O
R
\
WV
bdV
SV [W
O
V
W
O
6O
$P
™
V]R
-W"3 V
V 1:
V
:
;:
R
\
e Z O3V UV
O M1 I / ;A4.Af46; 38IAI<38H7:[email protected]][email protected]:C67 IA3 @T7?RC 46R;[email protected]?7TOIJX]RC67 2 R7$4`387C64 V6;<H:BbCL3 V / O=8=57 3'1 @T;<R4 * . 35H
[email protected]?R;<IA38H4 O[H?H?; a35H [email protected] =5R464C635H X]RCL7NX67:R+1 V6CL+ ;<7?3 V638H [email protected]?HEBC6; I<35C67`2 [email protected]]357?1 V67:3V63I<O{4 O[@T;38M 7?3
O M CL4 / @ OCbj VL3 | O M /K| 1 X6O7NO[464 383 * 3'@[email protected]=4 O @T;35M 7?3 38H @[email protected]?RC~:RC67:HNX67 38H:[email protected][C 4`Rf4 [email protected]
V63 I @3 ›]R46VL7?3 4` [email protected] V63 I [email protected]?R;<IA3š‘ ‹S(’)*
=R BA I I!O I . e
O 2 C6H:;<R4 V63\V635C+j 351 @TR;<I<35H ! CL463 351 @TR;<I<3eOeM [email protected]:R4 RC CL463\4f1 O;<4L/ 3lU6IQO4L= _63
RCk/ 384L=81 R7:3 C64 @?7?RCk46R;A7 & 2 R7 4 3 7T1 OX6;AV63 4`[email protected]\ [email protected]:RCk46+ R;A7 ! V63 1 387:7 & [email protected]?RC67 3 V C64 V6;<H:BC63
V O=8=57 3'@T;<R4kO\M XfO7 @T;<7PVL1 =3 4 O[1 @T;38M 7:3 7 38H:;<1 V6CL38I<IA3 ! | & * 38/2H 1 X6_ 384LRf4 35M 4638H [email protected] X67?RU6OU6I<[email protected] [email protected]
I<;A38C VfO4LH V635HOP5R4635H 38IAR;<94 3835HPV638H 7 359;<R4L. H VL3"1 2 R74 O @T;<R4 V [email protected];<I<35H ! =83EBC6;YH?1 [email protected]<3 [email protected][V6;<=qb
@TR;<7?3 O^a1 35=l=8387 @ O;A4638HNRU6H?357:a[O[@?;<R46H ‘ ‹ k ’ & * 35H 3846357?9;A38HH 4`;<H:38H 38{4 ~:38C 3'@ IA38H 35= _638IAI<38H V63 @?3 4`X61 H
;<4SaR+BC 3538HVfO46H =83B4`R+V 35M I<3 X]RCL7?7TO[;<[email protected]:3846VL7?3 =8R4 [email protected]?3 V635HPH?C67:[email protected]?HP9SO4*4 OEV63 =8RC67:@?3 V6C67 383
‘ ‹Sp ’ Xc ‘ ‹“, ’*
+ 35e
H 4`R+V 35M I<35H`/VL3 X67:R9 381 4L;A/ @T35C67?H X67 3'1 aR;[email protected]^c$OC Af4fOI)c CL463 V6RC6U6I<3 ¸3 1 ~:[email protected]?;<R4nH?RC6{H 1 2 R/2$7 1 4`3 V63
~:[email protected]?HV63 XfO7:@ 3'@ V [email protected]?3 V63 I RUM~:[email protected]=8R4 XfO[[email protected][email protected][[email protected] IA;<U 35M [email protected]@?RC6HC6463 [email protected]; @ 3 V 3846357?9;A3
H?ƒ; 4 ;AIQO;A7?3 * + [email protected]:@T3 351 46387:9;<3 I<;AU 381 7 381 3 VfO46H$I<35\H ~:3'@TH 35H:@P=5R4Sa357:@T;A3NXZRC67 X67?RbV6C6;A7?3 I<3 H?C67:[email protected] 4*4 O
I<CL; b¯4e3g 4`3 *
H77
+!9*K& " * % # * ,
&$>
*
,
(
(
RbV 35M I<38H0VL3 X67:[email protected]?;<R4\[email protected] [email protected] 9O4{4 O * m 7:R;<H0V / [email protected]?7?3
1
1
381 CbjEH?R1 [email protected] X67 [email protected] 38Hd;A=8; * 4EV6381 HJX61 IAC6HJO46=8;A384 c IA3J4 RbV 38M IA30V63>IQOC RCLI<3>V63 f38C / chOXfO7 @T;<=5C6I<;38M 7:34`34 @
35a/ RI<C [email protected] 1 38H @ X6O72 R;AH0=8R4LH?;<V 387 3=5Rf4{4`3 H @ O4LVfO7?V * 4*4 RbV 38M IA3PBC63 I R4`XZRC67:7TO; @0+ BCfOIA;ƒAf357
V ;<[email protected]$4 38V6;<+ O;<7:3 [email protected]?3lIA3 4`R+V 38M I<3 V63I<O C RC6IA3 1 V63 35C [email protected] IA3 4`. R+V 38M I<3 V6C C RCLI<[email protected] O46+ R4 c IA3
4`R+V 35M I<3 V6C RC6X V63 fC6H?;AIcf38H @ 7?OX6;<VL3 4`[email protected] 38=87:;[email protected] 3846H:C6;[email protected]?3 * 3=4`R+V 38M I<3 V6C C [email protected] V63 O[46R4
2 O; @PI / R!U ~:3'@V / CL463 VL38H?=57?;[email protected];AR4 X6I<C6HPV 351 @ O[;<I<I 381 3 [email protected]?;<R4eH?C6; a[[email protected] *
8KIf3 j+;<H:@?3NO[C6H?H:;ZXLI<C6H:;<38CL7?HJ4
D
'LNIJX
BA"A R\CXI A
/ CL463 97TO46VL3 [email protected];[email protected] 3 1 V /2381 46357?9;A3 38H:@eIA;<U 351 7 381 3 VfO46H C64 [email protected]?;[email protected] aRI<C^4`3c$V63
4
H
?
L
C
6
X
]
X
R
?
H
3
B
C
I / R7:V67?3 6V C 7TO}hR4 97TO^ab;[email protected][@T;AR464635IYV63I / RU!~:3'@ [email protected]?OIcZRXfOBC63[c V / RWC M @[email protected]?3 2 R7$4`3EV637TO[V6;QO[@?;<R4
38H @ ;A46=^OX6OU6I<3 V63EH /K381 = _6OX6XZ387 * a /2O1 46H =83EaRIAC^4 3[cI /2381 46357?9;A3E;[email protected]:463E38/ H:@ OH?H:3FP 97TO4L. V63 XZRC67BC63
IQBO 4 O[@T;38M 7:3PBbCL;Sh\35H:@[email protected]?384C63NH 3'@T3546V63 IA;<U67:31 4`[email protected]^c]O M IQOB4 O46;38M 7?3PV 1 C64L3NUZ1 Rf4UZ3 * 1 OEH:C672 O[=83 V63
=8/ 3'@[email protected]?3 U]RC6I<3$V632 38C c[RC ¶ 1 W! O;A46H?;+OX6XZ38I 383 354l7TO;AH?R4 1V63 H?O H?X6_ 357?;A=8;[email protected] 3 H:C6X6XZR1 H 353c354 2 O;<[email protected]
I OU6H @[email protected]?;<R4eV63 / @[email protected] X6_ 3546Rf4 38M 463 V63 =5RI<IA; 4 O[[email protected];A/ R4 & cb1 O1 =5= 35I38M 7:3 7?OX6;<VL34`[email protected] ! I<;A4 / 3^O;[email protected] [email protected] O^a38=
I<3/K1 7?iO hR4 & ~:C6H?BC O M V635H`ab; @T38H:H?35H 7?35IQO[1 @?;Aab;<H @T35H * 1 O[=8= 35I 357TO[@?;<R4 [email protected]?;<4C63 ~:C6H?BC O M =83eBC63 @[email protected]?3
I 384L387?9;<3 ;<[email protected]?387?4L3EH:R;[email protected] =8R4Sa357:@?;<3E384 3846357?9;A3E=5;<4 3'@T;ABbCL3 *
R I) KiIML“OXI . O H:C67 2 O=53\V63lIQO UZRC6IA3V6š
3 2 38C ab;<[email protected] X]357?1 [email protected] / I<eO 4 O @T;35M 7?3 O 4U6;<[email protected]
/
/
[email protected] = 38H @ =53 = _LR+=eBC6;H?387?O. ;[email protected] O M I R7?;A9;<1 4L3 V63eIQO 7TO[V6;QO[@?;<R4 RU6H?357:a 383[c$V RWC M I<3 46fR 4 VL3 4`R+V 38M I<3
V61 35HN= _6Rb=8H 3'jb1 @T357?4635šH ‘ ‹f™“1 ’)* 3 [email protected] ! V 35H?;A9463 OC6H?H:; I<O`UZRC6IA3 V6"3 2 35C & =8R4Sa357:@?;[email protected] 3'@ @?7TO4LH 2238M 7:3 H:R4
384L387?9;<3 =8;A4 [email protected]?;<BC63e384 3546387:9;<3 ;[email protected]?387:463 VfO46H`C64= _LR+= O^aO[[email protected] ! $} > - VfO46H`I<3 4`;<IA;<38C
;<.04S/ @?387?H @T35I<IQO[;<7?3 & [email protected]$1 VfO4LH$C64 = _6Rb= O7:7?;35M 7?3 ;! , / ,i > 1 - VfO[46H$IA3P [email protected] & ! ;AI<IAC6H:@?7TO[@?;<R4 A691 C67?1 `3 k * , & *
RU6H?357:a[O[@T;AR47 [email protected] O[[email protected]?3 V63 =53 X67:R+=538H?H:C6H ONC6463 V6C67 353PV63 | O M || H"VfO4LH"I<3$7 [email protected] [email protected]?;<35I
@T357?7:38H:@?1 7?3[Ec 4 O/ ;<H IA3 4 RbV 38M IA3l463`7?38XL7?RbV6C6;[email protected] X6OH IA38H a[O7?;<O[@T;AR46H VfO[46H IA38H 1 =8RC67?UZ38H V63\I<^C 4`;35M 7?3 * 8KI
463`X67 35V6;A1 @ BC C64 H?35C6I [email protected] C646;<BC63`X6;A=`VL3 IQO[7?935C67 / * 463 X]RH:H?;AU6;<IA;[email protected] 3 X]RCL7EH:C6$7 / 4`[email protected] 1 [email protected][email protected]?3
V6;¡ [email protected] 3 35H:@PVL3NH?CLX6X]RH?387 BbCL3NI<3`4 ;AI<;A38C\O4UL;[email protected]$4 35H:@PX6OH _6R4 R9638M 4634 O[;<H>BC ;AI]H:3NX67 38H:[email protected]
d5
8 ?
8 ?
i£/.i¦ «´\¦,±[email protected]°U­ ¨Œ¥¶´¥«´
¥;¨Œ¥ iW ¥¶¨Œ¦ Z]f}©i´° bdVN¥ iW ¥$´ Z ¦q­¬°·® VN¨Œ¥´£
WV!RO WP
,f|
v k * , ! 1Ÿ,FD
1.4
Q# 3 ?8>? /> Q# !
?8>
? qq G , ,d:>
/ > 'œ
>5 3 œ! $} /i > 1> ? 3¯ 
2*`
G , 2 5>¸ ' ) 1>3 q>¸ +D
¸  $ 2 ? % 'E. 02  G
! ?8> ? )"f¯ q 0
?H R/2C61 H2 R74 3 V / 1O4 O[HB‘ ™f|“’)* 1 : O[;<H I<[email protected];<IAI<3V63 =538HPO4 OH V635ab7?O;[email protected] 3'g @T7:3 @T7838M H [email protected]?;[email protected][email protected] IQOE=8R4Sa357?H:;<R4
V 3846357?9;A3 =5;<4 3'@T;ABbCL3 354 384L387?9;<3`/ ;<[email protected]?463`463`H?387?O;[email protected][HOH:H?3FP [email protected]¡`=^O[=83 ‘ ™ ’*Qa 3`X6I<C6HEI<35HEO4 O[H
@T7838M H XL7?Rb= _63 V63 I<O 1 V6;<7:38='@T;<R4 /21 V63 I RULH?387 a[O[@T35C67 V63'a+7?O;<[email protected]?RbV6C6;A7?3 V638HPX6;A=8H$X6I<C6H IQO7:938H5c+=53 BbCL;
OC67?O;[email protected]$XZRC67 =5R46H 35BC63846=53 I 35IQO7:9;<H:[email protected] [email protected]$V635HP; 4`X6C6I<H:;<R4LH$O^a38= I<3 @[email protected] X6H VfO46HPIA38H =5RC67:U]35HPV63
I<.C 4 ;38M 7?35vH 1 ‘ ™S(N’J! =83BC6;61 4 / 38H @ XfOH0RU6H:387 a 3[1 cH?38='@T;AR4*1 k * * ( O & 1 * . ONa[O7:;QOUL;<I<; @ 3 1 X][email protected] 381 9OI<[email protected] [email protected] @T7:3
X67:RhaR+BC 353 XfO[71 VL38H 35=^O7 @TH ; 4`X]R7:@ O[[email protected] 1 O`M I<O\H;h!4 3'@T7?;A 3 H?X6_ 357?;ABb1 CL3 [email protected] I<3 [email protected]?3'[email protected] V63
4`R+V 35M I<3>OXLX]35I 30Jm h+XZ3 8 ‘ ™ ’ c RWC M I<OVLC67 353$V6CEH?CL7?HTO[[email protected]:@ V6;<7:;<9 353"XfO7YIA3>@?34`X6HYV63>[email protected];AH?H:34`[email protected]
V6C [email protected] * : O;<HPI2OlM 3846=5R7?3[cf I<38HX67:R AfIAH @T3 4`XZR7?35I<HPV635H H:[email protected]?H 463 H:[email protected] X6OH7?38XL7?RbV6C6;[email protected]?H *
1 (O 4`384 3E1 O M X]RH @TC6IA387"BC63PI<ONV6;AH?H?;AXfO[@?;<R4 V63
R O KiIMLOQI . [email protected] M 4 3$V63PIQO a[O7:;QOUL;<I<; @ 3>
I /K381 4L387?1 9;<3 =8;<4 351 @T;ABC63$4L3 H?. R;[email protected] C64 X61 _ 381 46fR 4e38M 4L3 / 3'[email protected] 357?463[c 4 O;<HW;[email protected]:463 “* a 38H =8RCL= _638H"VL3 4 O[@T;38M 7?3
O46ƒ; 4 3538HJ/ V63 2 O[[email protected] [email protected] P V6; › [email protected]?H8c. O M I ;<4S1 @ 387?;A38C67YV63 IQOU]RCLI<3 V63 1 2 135C 1 c;[email protected]?387?O9;<H:[email protected] [email protected]?7?3
38IAI<35H ! V RWC M I<3 @?387 4 3 V63= _6Rb=8H ;[email protected]:4638H & * 35H [email protected]?7?R4LHNH?357TO;[email protected] O=5= 35I 387 38H V6O46H =538H = _6Rb=8H 3'@
X6+ 7:R+V6CL;<7TO[;<[email protected] 7T}O + [email protected] 4 [email protected]?H 9S“O 4{4 O XfO7E7T}O hR4L463 4`[email protected];H hb46= _67?R[@T7?R4 [email protected] XfO7E;<[email protected]='@T;<R4
fR 4`[email protected] ;<4Sa387?H:3 * _fOBC63 = _LR+= X67?RbV6C6;A7TO; @ C64 X6;A= V6O46H I<Oe=5RC67:U]3 V63 IA^C 4`;38M 7:3cW3'@O;A46H?;>IA3
4`R+V 35M I<3 XZRC67:7TO; @\3'j+X6I<;ABC6387\I<35HlaO[7?;QO @T;<R46H * : O;<H\I / 3 ¡ =8O=8; @ 3 1 V63e=8R4Sa387?H:;<R4nV63eI /2381 46357?9;A3 384
7TO}hR461 [email protected] [email protected] 9SO4*4 O 463 X][email protected] 35g @?7?3cO[C54`1 ;<35C+1 j]c6BC63EV63 BbCL38I<BC635H [email protected]=83 BC6;W7?35BbCL;38M 7 @
C6463 384L387?9;<3 ! ;A46;[email protected]?;QOIA3 & @T7838M H ! aR;<7:3 @T7?RX & 38I<3'a 38{3 ‘ ™ k ’*
R O KiIMLOQI*C O A I R\CI A I CXI G+;cVfO4LHNI<3 =8OV67?3 V6
C 4`R+V 38M I<3 VL38H
1
1
= 1 _6Rb=8H\1 ;<[email protected]?387?4L38H8c>R4k1 X67:1 3846V . 384 =8R46H?;AV 387?O[@T;AR4 C6463 [email protected]<IA3e=5RI<IA; 4 O[@T;AR4 V6C [email protected] I<O =57?;<H:3
384L387?9 [email protected];ABC63 >35H:@ 35ab/ ; @ 383 * O UZRC6I<3 V63 2 38C VL35ab;<[email protected] CL4 =bRg 463 c 4 O[;<HNIA38H X6O7:@?;<HTO[46HNV6C 4`R+V 38M I<3
Xf+ O7:I<[email protected]@?RC~:RCL7?HV C64 ¶ * .
3 [email protected];[email protected] O @[email protected];<46VL7?3 C61 4 2 O[[email protected] [email protected] P V63EI / R7:V67?3 V6=3 k |f| XZRC67X]RCLaR;A7X67?RbV6C6;A7?3 I<35H
9SO4*4 OH$VL3 X6I<C6H / [email protected]?3 3846357?9;A3 1 * 8KI 2 R7$4`3NCL4 = _6R+= 7:38I<O[@T; a+;AH:@?3 VfO[46HP/2I<1 3 9SO P 354ab;[email protected] ! =1 _6Rb=
3'[email protected]?387?4L3 & 4 O;A/2HP1 4 38H:@ XfOH “O ›]38='@ 3EVfO46HI<O\XL7?3 4`1 ;35M 7?3 X6_fO[1 H?3 ! [email protected] I 3 4`;<H?H:;<R4 XL7?fR 4`[email protected] 3 & * IAC6H
I<R;<4 ! O[X67835M H I @3 4 ;AH?H?;AR4 X67:fR 4 X+1 @T3 & IA3 [email protected] .0O[/ =8= 35I35M 7?3EI<38H 35I<38='@T7:R46HV6C 4`;<IA;</ 35C cLBC6;)cfXfO7 3 4`;<H:H?;<R4
Hhb46=/[email protected]?7?R4 cX67:R+VLC61 ;<H:384S1 @ I<O 7 [email protected] O4L3846=53 * R4LV63V63 = _L1 R+=7TO[I<[email protected]?;[email protected] O^a35= I O=5=8C^4 ˆ C6IQ. O[@?;<R4 V6C 9SO P
[email protected] I @3 4 ;AH?H?;AR4 35H:@ V 38=8OI 353 O^a38=EI<3 @[email protected] 4 XLH8c6a357?H V638vH 2 7 35BC63846=538H X6I<C6H 2 O;AU6I<35jH ‘ ™ ’)* O Af9C67?"3 k *-p
;<. IAI<C6H @T7:3 =83j4`R+V 35M I<3 * 1
3 [email protected]`35H:@\H?CLX6X]RH 3 35g @T7:3 C64kX6IQO[$H 4 O V /2381 I<[email protected]?7?R46Hl3'@\V63 XZRH?; @T7?R46H * Q a35= CL4 =5387 @ O;A1 4 V63897 3 1
V6.03 /21 X]RIAI<[email protected]?;<R4 UfO[7hR46;<BC63[1 c =53e4 1 RbV 35M I<3\X]RT*C6V\7?7?W!OYE;[email protected]\[SX6] 7?RbV6C6;A7?3`V638H [email protected]?;A46RH V63 _fO[[email protected]/ 35H 3846357?9;A38H *
OC fCbj V63=538H [email protected]:;<46RH O V O;<IAI<35C67?vH 2 O;[email protected]
/I R3'!U @T~:C63'[email protected] V6/ C6346IQ3 O @TH?_ 3835M 4LH?H?3 ;<UL‘ ™;<I<N, ; @’*3EV6C @ 35I<35H?=8RX]3
d5
$£ !¥ ® O 8 «N¥ Z ¥SVN¬[R ¥S8 R ¥ iW ¥;±@¥;«N°Œ­ NV «N¥ ¬­ O3RZ¥¸¬¬¥ ,* [email protected]¢ £
)£ !¥´ ­]¥ \ : ¥\ ­¥«®¸¥$´U¦ P ®;¥UROW¥P ¨U¥6e]WN¦q«“´ ¨Œ¦ ´VN° ¬¥ iW ¥J®¸¥;¬[O3VN±}­ ¦/&@¥3e}´¥­[email protected]«@¬a¥,\ &@¦q¨Œ¥SR ¥«@¬\´O3V´ ¨Œ¥¶«]O3R iW ¥ "!! £
,
v k *-p" ?G j!jJ5 ! !$} ' .B $? - G "/ > H? 2 0/
X³D R>K -EO R\CXI A
+ J3 4`R+V 38M I<3dX67?RXZRH:3 CL463 [email protected]:3¶4 O[46;35M 7?3"V63>=57 381 357YI<38HWH @T7:[email protected]?C67?35HdV635HJH:[email protected]?HJX6O7Y;<[email protected]='@T;<R4
O^a35=ECL45`4 ;<IA;<35C 3 [email protected]?387:463 *Sa O4LH =83 =8OH8c6I<O V6C67 381 3 V6C H:C67?/ [email protected] 38H @[email protected] I 351 3 / XfO7 IQO V6CL7 381 3 V63 ab;A3
V6/KC 1 4 R[@T38CL7`[email protected]?OI *Ja 1 O[46H\=8354 RbV 38M IA3 V63em hbXZ3 88 c0= 38H:@ I<3 a384S1 @ BC6;4 38H @ XfO[H`_LRf4 R9f38M 463 1
I 384L387?9;<3 38H @ [email protected]?7 353384 X6I<C6H:;<35C67?H =8R4LV6 3846H?O[ @T;AR46+ H ! UfO[I<I<35H & cf7 38X6O7:@?;<38H VfO4LH C64 :~ [email protected] =8RIAI<;ƒ4 3
H?35/K1I<R4 C6463 2 O;<ULI<3lRCLa387 @TC67:3 O469CLIQO;A7?3 ! € | & * 38H UfOI<IA38H C6I @T7TONKb 7?35IQO[@?;Aab;<H / @T35H ! |/ |f| & c
H [email protected][email protected] 7?1 OV61 ;<OI<[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] ab;<35461 [email protected] 2 7TO[X6X]1 357 I<3`4 ;<IA;<35C1 ;<4S1 @?387?H @T35I<IQO[;<7?3 ! O M /2I 1 ;<[email protected];ABbCL3 V C6463
X6IAC6;<3eV63 4 [email protected] 38R7:;[email protected]?38H & RWCM IA38C6+ 7 384L387?9;<3 =5;<4 3'@T;ABbCL3 38H @ IA;<U 357 [email protected] X67?RbV6C6; @ I [email protected] ;AH?H:;<R4 9SO4*4 O
XfO7 7TOV6;<O[@T;AR4 H;bh 46= _67?R[@T7?R4 * _fO=5C6463 / V635HPUfOI<IA38H$X67?RbV6C6; @ C6463 ;ƒ4 XLC6I<H:;<R4`VfO46HPIA38H =5RC67:U]35HPV63
I<C.4 ;38M 7?3 * : O;<H IA3 4 RbV 35M I<3O UZ38H:R;<4 V 1 C644 ;AI<;A38C H:C.`¡ HTO4*`4 [email protected] V6384LH?3 ! 4 O;<H XfOH RXfO[BbCL3 & cW=53
BC6;W=8R7?7?35H?XZR46V OC 4 RbV 38M IA3 /2V61 3EX67?R9 3846; @T35C67PV638H_bh X]357?46R a[O3 *
Q 4 35H?C67:3 BC63eI<35HlUfOIAI<38HlH 3'@[email protected] 38IAI<35H fA 46;<H:[email protected] XfO7\V63'a3546;<7`[email protected]?;<9C 35E H8c>H?3 2 [email protected] 384
fC6;AV63 384 `
4 [email protected] [email protected] =5RI<IA38='@T;ƒ22 [email protected] 2 R74 [email protected]\C6463 H?R7 @T3 V63 [email protected] =5RI<IA; 4 3 1 * . O 7 31 4 O463546=83 38H @
X6/ 7:R+V6CL;[email protected] O[I<R7:HlV63 IQO 4 [email protected] 4 3 41 O46;381M 7:3 BbCL3 VfO[46H\I<3 `4 R+V 35M I<3d;A7?35UfOI<I)c ‘ S™ p)’ * .0/ ;AI<IAC6H:@?7TO[@?;<R4 V63
I 384LH?34 U6I<3 V6C5`4 R+V 35M I<3 35H:@ X67 [email protected] 383"fA 9C67:3=k *ŒL‹ *
v k U* ‹ $ ) >8 ! ! *-, /@0
,S(
5
8 8
798
@
?I
@I 8ED
8
%BG
@G
/2351 @?C6V63EX67?RXZRH 381 3EVfO46H =83'@[email protected]@T_ 35M H?3[c]35H:@ UfOH 351 3 H:C67 IA3j4 RbV 38M IA3 V6C C$RC6I<3'@ V63
4
6
E
3
f
X
O
:
7
?
@
<
;
3
6
V
E
3
I
+ O46R4 ! J> ! & * . 3v4 RbV 38M IA3PV6C C [email protected]>V63 + O46R4 O 351 @ 3 1 V 351 a35I<RXLX 3 1 X6O7 Q *Ma O703'@
Q *Ma 3 C1 ~:C6I<O * . 3XZR;<[email protected] 351 XfO7 @$VLC*4`RbVW38M IA3 ! IA3PX67?R9 381 46; @T38CL7 & 38H @ UfOH 31 H:C67>V638H>RU6H:387 aO @T;<R46H
RC [email protected]<R9;<38H O a38= I<38H R!U ~:[email protected]?H X6IAC6H X67?Rb= _635H 3'@ XLI<C6H(2 O=5;<IA34`[email protected] RU6H:387 aO[U6I<[email protected]<H BC63
I<+ 35H 4 ;A=87:R+BCfOH?O7?1 H *
[email protected]:@T3PH:[email protected]?;<R4lV 38=87:;A. @0IA3 4`R+V 35M I<3$V6C C [email protected] + 1 [email protected]?38I6BC / ;<I+38H @>X67 351 [email protected] 3 1 V6O46H"IA38H"7 [email protected] 2 381 7:3846=538H
‘ ™f™“’ Xc ‘ ™‹“’ 35=
@ ‘ |f|“’)* O Af9C67:=3 k Œ* ™ ;<IAI<C6H @T7:3 I<3 H:= 3846O7?;AR`VLC 4`R+V 38M I<3NV638H =^O4L46R4UfOIAI<H *
I IK . 35H ~:3'@TH [email protected] RU6H:387 a 351 H @?7838M HB2 7 381 BC634*4`[email protected] OH:@?7?RX6_hbH?;ABC63cQ4 O[;<H IA38C67j4 381 =^O[46;<H4 34 / 35H:@
XfOH 3546=8R7?3 @TR[@ 1 OIA3 4`[email protected] =8R 4 X67:;<H * . 38H ;H h+H @^@3M 4 35He=5fR 4*4 3 IA38H BCfOH?O7?H RC IA1 38eH 4`;<=57?RbBCfOHTO[7?H8c
XZ3846. VfO[[email protected] V638H X 387:;<RbV638H V6=3 2 R7 @T3 [email protected]?1 ;<R4 cZXL7?RbV6C6;<H:[email protected] VL38H ~:3'@TH 1 @?781 35M H =8RIAI<ƒ; 4 1 35HPV6R [email protected] IA"3 2 O='@T35C67
V63 R7:384S#@ P X][email protected] @?7?3 @T7838M H\97?O46V * O7l3'[email protected] 4 X6IA3 X]RC67l;<I 1 O 3'@ 3 4`ˆ 38H:C67 3 O M + ( X]RCL7
.G ™ w k*‘ |’ [email protected] ;<I6XZRC67:7TO; @ O[@[email protected]?38;A46V67?3
| X]RCL7 G | | Nb¯k ‹ š1 ‘ ’* 35XH ~:[email protected]?H>463
1
[email protected] OH 1 V6#38H 38=8RC6 I<[email protected] [email protected][email protected];<4C6H V63"4 O[@?;35M 7?3c>4 O;AH 7:38H:H?34 U6I<[email protected] O M V635H 3¸~:[email protected]? ;<R46H V6;AH?=87835M @?38H
=8+ R 4 XZR+ H 3538H VL39I<RU6C6I<35H ! =8R4LV63846H?O[@T;AR46H & ;<46VL;Aab;<V6CL38I<IA38H lfIA38H [email protected]?HNV63 =^O46R4 ! =^O[4646R4UfOIAI<H l
C & * 35H ~:3'@THeV63 =8O4646R4bU6OI<IAH @?7TO^a357?H:[email protected] V635H V6;AH:@ O[46=835H BC6; X][email protected] @?7?3 X6I<C6H:;<35C67?H 2 R;AH
IQO @ O;AI<I<3eV63 [email protected]:3 9SOIQOhjL;[email protected]@ 384 7:38H:@[email protected] @T7838M H =8RI<I<ƒ; 4 351/ H * 8KI<H 7TOIA3[email protected];A/2H?1 H:[email protected] VfO46H . IA3 4`;<IA;<38C
;<[email protected]?387?H @T35I<IQO[;<7?3 ! ;<[email protected]?H @T38IAIQO7X4`38V6;AC^4‰li8G.: 1 & 3'@"OC=Af4fOI)c ;<I<HYH O7:783'g @[email protected]'@dH 3'@[email protected] * 1 O`4 O[@T;38M 7?3
=8R 4 XZRHTO[1 [email protected]/ I<35HN=^O[4646R4UfO/2IA1 I<H 38H @ H?C6XLX]RH 383 3'g @T7?3 V63 I<{O 4 O[@T;38M 7?3EUfO;7 hR4L;<BC63 ! RX61 XZRH 353 O M C6*4 ~:3'@
=8R /241 XZRH 3 V .C64 X6IQO[$H 4 O V 38< [email protected]?7?R4 1 X]RH:;[email protected]?7?R4 & c]=5fR 4*4 3EX][email protected] ;<ˆ 46V6;ABC6387 IQO XL7 38H:3846=53lV637?O;<35H
V 34`;<H:H?;<R4 h 3'@
RU6H?357:a 3835HNVfO[46HI<3B4`;<=87:R+BCfO[HTO7G3G kk ‘ k ’*
w¯w
w
R K RŸO IMLOXRS QL XK 9
a O[46HYI<30=8357?=5I<3>V63 7 381 H:RI<[email protected];<1 R4E1 VLC O1 C ™f‹f| ˆ ( +c8C64 H?C67:[email protected] @?7838M HJX67:R+= _63 ! 7?38VLH?_6;[email protected] P G |L*U|f|f‹ & 1 c
IQOH?CLX]357?46R a[O G ™f™f‹ U ; / O [email protected] 3$RU6H:387:a 353 !* [email protected]?38IAI<3>=8*R EiA46=8;AV6384L=83 H:XfO[@?;[email protected]@?3 4`X]R7?38IAI<3>O 4 354 3
I<1 35H"[email protected]?HNONM XZ3846 H:387 O M I O[H?H?Rb=8;<O[@T;[email protected]:3 H?C6XZ387:46R a[[email protected]?C67:[email protected]?H09SO 4*4 O ‘ ™‹’)* 8KI<H R4S¶@ 4`;<HJ384
35ab;AV63846=53 BC63EIQOl=8RC67?UZ3 V63 IAC^4`;38M 7:3 V638H O“[email protected]?387?9I<R ; HPV638H H?C67:[email protected] [email protected] 7?35V6H?_6;[email protected]:@ =8R464C c
4`[email protected]?3 C6463 U]RH?H?3[c =8R 4 XfO @T;<ULI<3 O^a38= C6463 H:C6X]357?46R a[OkV63 ¯@ hbX]3 G ™f™f‹ U ; [email protected] I<%
O fC6384L=83
38H @/ =5R7?7:;<9 351 3 O[C 7?35V6H?_6;[email protected] VLC H?CL7?HTO[[email protected] ‘ | ’* 8KI<H"4 [email protected][email protected] / 381 9OI<[email protected] [email protected] BC / / ;<I>38H @ @?7838M H X67?RUfOU6IA3
BC / ;<I h O; @ C64 7TOX6XZR7 @ [email protected]:3 OC 3'[email protected] G * QN;A46H?;)c I RU6H:387:a[O[@?;<R4 V C61 4 H?C67:[email protected] 1 ƒ; 4 X6IA;<BC63
BC C6463H?C6XZ387:46R a[O VL35ab7TO ; @P 35g @?7?3 ab;<H:;<U6IA3 4 O;<HJ=835I<IA3 bK=5;LXZRC67:7TO; @ 35g 1 @?7?3 4 OH:BbC 383XfO1 7"I<ON7 @3 4 O[463846=53
V6/ C C RC463e/ XfOH 35g @T7:3 O[H?H?3 P IA^C 4 ;A4638CLH?3 V6/C 2 O[;[email protected]`V63eH?R4 35I<R;[email protected] 4 [email protected] * 38=8;AX67?RbBC63 4`384S/ @8c
I RU6H:387 aO @T;<R4 V CL463 H:1 C6XZ387?4LRha[Ok; 4`X6I<;ABC63 BC C64 H:[email protected] V635ab7?O;[email protected]^aR;<7 38C I<;A38œC 4 O;<H 1 BC ;<I
463 H:387TO[;[email protected] XfO[H RU6H?357:a 3 O M =^OC6H:3 V63 IQO 2 R7:@T3 =5RI<IA; 4 O[@T;AR4kV638=H ~:3'@TH BC6; IA3 X67?RbV6C6;[email protected] * RC67
O^aR;A7 CL4 / 46fR 4UL7?3 VL3 H?CL7?HTO[[email protected]'@V63 H?C6XZ387:46R aO VL3 ¯@ hbX]{3 8$8 Qc 8KU [email protected] 8K= ! H?C6XZ387:46R aO[3 X67?RbV6C6; @T35H
H?CL;[email protected] OlM I 3 › [email protected] / [email protected] V63 IA38C67P=5R+35C678c6aR;<7P/K1 I<O=8I<OH?H:;ƒAf=8O[@T;AR4 V638HH:C6X]357?46R a[O3E384HQN461 4L3'j+3 Q * &
=8R 4 XfO @T;<ULI<3VfO[46H I 46; a387:H8cW;AEI 2 [email protected] BC63`I 3 4`;<ˆ H:H?;AR4 V638H 9S“O 4{4 OH H:R;[email protected] @?7838M H =5RI<IA; 4 383 V6O46H C64
O469I<3 H?RIA;<V63>BC6;bH?R; @ CL463 2 7TO[[email protected];AR4 V63 O46HJI<3 4 RbV 35M I<3>V6C=8O4646R4UfO[I<IchO[C 4`fR 4 [email protected]
V63$/ I / 3 4`;<H?H:;<R4EX67:fR 4 [email protected]=8O4646R4b( U6OI< IA|H [email protected] ”02 O* ='a @T38CL7dV63 . [email protected] P V63 | ^c =83$BC6;LXZ387 4 3'@
V O[@[email protected]?38;A46V67?3 =53j2 O[[email protected] =8RIAI<;ƒ4 O[@?;<R4 *
3A
5
:
.
:
!
!
:
.
*,+£ 6“¦ ®¯¬¥SVN­[WN¥ O ­¥;«¬ * * £
*'@* £ 7\¥$® O6RTN°Œ«¦q°·´O «¥ Z(¥« '* * / £
*$¢N£ª [email protected]«N°Œ´¦ ¬° [email protected]« NW ¥³¨·¦ ® O6V®fN¥ ¥\ ¨U¥$®¯¬­[email protected]«N° bdVN¥6e Z`O6VN­XWi¥$´K¥;\ ¨Œ¥SR ¥;«¬ ´ iW ¥ N6 ¥
k
i¥ }. ° * * 5 £
O3V!W
9 !"# D<
%$ - &' )(*,+.--0/1*,2435+268792;:"-6</=*,></=(2(*[email protected],(/'ABDCE79+(2GF2 H,/=>I6<22(J(C2KA ><2
(2LC./=((2L-B1*4*,><MK-.6I2NM2N(OHP+(Q/=R S?2;HUTN/=M-B1T;H4T2N([email protected],B16XW#+(2YF2 H,/=>I6<2%B
Z (2N+.H,@,/=([/1+[+([email protected]?/=+
(/=><@]\^2H_C.2N*`aF2 [email protected],B1>I*?2NMdR.6eB1R6<2NM2N(OHf+.([email protected]><2hC2*DiF2 S?2TH][email protected]?2H,/=MdRj2h*,[email protected])6879/=R S?2;H)TN2([email protected]
2HXk#/[email protected],M24+(%C>I*[email protected],2H,>I/=(nfo2N(%+(pHV2MK-.*X*,+--j/=* q
F2 C.2l6879/[email protected],[email protected]?24CE79+(2rS?/[email protected],z(!F2 21bs)[email protected],B1(OH
TN2;H,H,2rS?/[email protected],(!NF2 21ft6I2N*aF2 S?2NT;H]BLC2l6IBD*,[email protected]?(/'ABu*?2l*,/=(OHvNF2 6</=>Iw1(xNF2 *UBL
Z +(2UC>I*gH]B1(.TN2ly b|{|(*,+>}HV2f
[email protected],B1(OH~C2N*^-!NF2 @,></"C.2N*^[email protected],2;HV>I/1(l>I(OHV2(*,2fC2N*S?2;HV*^*?2)k#/[email protected],M2N(OHb.s)2N*^/=R.*,[email protected]></=(**[email protected]^C2N*~M>}€
[email protected]?/"35+B*[email protected]?*dƒ‚=‚ „†M/=([email protected]?2N(OH‡+(2hT/[email protected],@ NF2 6IBHV></=(l2N([email protected]?2h6ˆ7iaF2 S?2NTH,>I/=(qC2‰MPBHV>82Z @,2_CB(*Š6<2xS?2HdWCB1(.*Š6<2
TB*_C2dTN2XM/ C2NZ 6<21f‹687iiF2 S?2THV></=(LCE79+(ŒTB((/=(5RB16<6&\~2H_6IBPC>IM>I(5+.H,>I/=(q*,/1+CB1><(2dC2dMKBH,>82NZ @?2hCB(*
6I2‡C><*,35+21bx2NT>nTN/1MKM2Š*?>n6<2ŠC><*,35+2S?/1+B1><H6<2Ž@/1 6I2‡C2Ž@ NF2 *,[email protected]?A1/=>[email protected]-j/[email protected]* S?2;HV*Nb.s_B1(*TN2)TNB1*Nf"6I2*
S?2H,*~-0/[email protected],@VB>I2N([email protected],[email protected]?+*?35+E7#B
Z 687iNF2 -+.>I*,2MK2(OH~C+`@ NF2 *[email protected]?A1/=>[email protected]+><*‡T2N*?*,[email protected]
NNO#"K 'ˆ jh‘
2hTNB1((/1( RB16I‘ [email protected],BA=[email protected]?*,2d6IBC.>I*?HVB1(T2~S?+*?3 +n7#B1Z [email protected],2N*gHV2dC.2N*qaF2 S?2NT;H]B
z
C2Œ*,[email protected],(/'ABYWy \4BA=2T+.(’[email protected] /[email protected],2(5H,“ ”–• -j/=+.AB1(OH`BH,H,2N>I([email protected],2p‚'—˜'b^s_B1(*l*?/=(
@ ;F2 k'NF2 @?2N(OHV><2N68f>I6*N7aF2 H,2N(C™BD
Z +.(24A ><HV2*,*?24š ”œ› •1 C246ˆ7m/[email protected],[email protected]?2PC246IBqA ><H,2N*?*,2lC+p*?/=(pCB1(*h+(p-6eB*,MKB
£
•
@,26eBH,><A >I*gHV2ož‹š ”œ› •PŸ š‹ˆ¡ ¢ ‚ ¤5¥ ¦.b0§¨MK2*,[email protected]?2h35+E79>I6-!NF2 (E2Z [email protected]?2d2HŽB1R*?/[email protected],Rj2h6<[email protected]?2N*?H,2hC2r‘ *,[email protected]?(/'AB.f
6I2KTB1(.(/=(5RB16<6xTN/1(5H,>I(5+24C.24*N7iF2 H,2N([email protected]?2BL
Z +(2PA >}HV2N*?*,2lš ¡8› ©«ª Ÿ ‚ ¤O¥ ¦"[email protected],B16I2(OHV><HNb BLT/=6I6<>I*?>I/=(
A >I/=6<2N(OHV2K2N([email protected]?246I2KTB1(.(/=(5RB16<6!2;Hd6I2*uaF2 S?2NTHVBLC24*[email protected],(/'ABL*,2KkB1><H‰*,/1+*dk#/[email protected],M2CE7m><([email protected],B1TH,>I/=(.*
(5+TN6;NF2 /=( €a(5+TN6;NF2 /=([email protected],/ C+>I*,B1(OH)MKB S?/[email protected]?><H]B>[email protected],2MK2(OH~C2N*)-.>I/=‘ (*Š(2N+"[email protected],2*_2HŽT]¬[email protected],wNF2 *NbE­Š([email protected]?H,>I2‰C2
687aNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2XC2*h-></=(*®T]¬[email protected]?wtNF2 *‰*N7iNF2 T]¬B--02K2N((2N+.H,@,><(/=*Nb 2N*‰-></=(*®(2N+"[email protected],2*r*?2KC!NF2 *,><(OH2NZ [email protected],2N(OHh2N(
C2+":®wOB1MMKB1*n35+>[email protected]?/"C.+>I*?2N(OH C2N*[email protected],Rj2N*)F2 6I2NT;[email protected]?/=MPBw=(!F2 H,>I35+2*E*,[email protected] 35+26I35+2N* 6</=([email protected],*Cn7m><(5H,[email protected]€
B1T;HV>I/1(Ef Br
Z 6eBh*[email protected]?k‘ B1T2_C+lTB((/=(5RB16<68b"x2N*^[email protected],Rj2N*fTN/1([email protected]>I2*^2N(QNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2ŠH,¬[email protected]?MK><35+21f"T]¬B1+.¯02N(OH
6I2TB((/=(5RB16<68b 7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2£HV¬[email protected],M>I35+2C246IBq*[email protected][email protected],/ C‘ +><Hr+([email protected]>eBH,>I/=(Œ35+>x2*?HhCxNF2 -6IB1TjF2 2
[email protected]~kB1T;[email protected]Žs)/=--6<[email protected]!TN/=6<6I>IMpNF2 2^[email protected]<2‡kB1T;[email protected] /[email protected],2(5H,“ ¡8©«ª °±‚'—²b"x2H,H,2)@VBC>eBH,>I/=(
-j2N+.H^2; [email protected]?2/=R*[email protected]?A|F2 2‡6</[email protected],*?35+26I2!TB1(.(/=(5RB16<6BH?HV2N><(OHo6I2*oTN/1+T]¬2N*2«:"H,[email protected]?(2N*|C+£@?2N*?H,2C2^*[email protected],(/'AB
/+q
Z >I6EC2;A >I2N(OHŠ[email protected](*,[email protected],2N(OH£BK
Z T2N*‡@VB1C>IBHV></=(*b‹x2N6<6I2N*‡[email protected]?/"C+.><HV2*‡B'AB1(OHŠ35+2h6<2N*liF2 S?2TH]B(2‰*,/=><2N(OH
[email protected],B1(*[email protected],2(OHV*Nf>I/1(>I*?2N(OH£6eBŒMPBHV>82Z @,24C.2AB1(OH46<2lTB1((./=(5RB16I61³ŽBu
Z *?/=(´-B1*,*,B1w=21f>I6B1R*,/[email protected],Rj2`T2H,H,2
MKBHV>82NZ @,2®></=(>I* NF2 2b0µ/[email protected]Š@,[email protected],/ C+>[email protected]?2r6<2r*?-02TH,@,2hC.2N*)*[email protected],*,B1+.HV*fn6IB£H,2NM-xNF2 @,[email protected]?2hC2r6eB£*,[email protected]+
TB((/=(5RB16<68f.B‡Z *VBŠ*?/[email protected]?H,>[email protected]?2N*gHV2xC.2x*,[email protected],(/'AB.fC/=><H2; [email protected],2CE792N(OA >[email protected]?/=(4‚'—1¶t·¸W8°X‚ ¹1—‡2c®\«bx¬B135+2
TB((/=(5RB16<[email protected]?/"C.+><Hx+(l-+6<*,2_>I(.C><A >IC.+2N6jC+l*,[email protected],*VB+.Hf6IBhTN/[email protected],Rj2_C2)6<+MK>82NZ @?2ŽC+l*[email protected],*,B1+.H4F2 HVB1(OH
+(2_*?/=MMK2)C.2‰T2N*~-+6<*,2*^3 +.>-02+.A=2(5H‡*?2‰*[email protected],-j/=*[email protected]‹­‡(U*,[email protected]?*VB1+.H‡2*?H~C/=(.T‰+.(q2(*,2MdR6<2_C2
TB((/=(5RB16<6I*b
Qo"º =
{|(*,+.><HV2fB1-‘ @N2Z *K2; [email protected]?2K*?/[email protected]?H,>|[email protected]?2N*gHV2PC.2*[email protected],(./ AB.f 6<2TNB1((/1( RB16I6|><(5H,[email protected],B1w=><H
BA=2Tr6<2)MK><6I><2N+P><([email protected]?*?H,2N6I6IB1>[email protected]?21b 2N*[email protected]>eBH,>I/=(*!C+2*Š[email protected],2NM*,*[email protected],B1¬6I+.(wfBX
Z 68792¯02H~*g» (T]¬@,/[email protected],/1(Ef
2Hx68792¯02H^x/=MK-"HV/=(K>I([email protected],*,2_C./=((2(5H6I>I2+ŒBr
Z 687iNF2 M>I*,*?>I‘/=(@ F2 MPB(2N(OHV2Š35+>n*7m/=R.*,[email protected]=2_*[email protected]-6<+*,><[email protected]?*
S?½ /[email protected]?*CB1(*+(2‡[email protected]?w=2~wOB1MMK2xC2Š6</=([email protected]/=(C2b 2*H,@VBAB1+":C2Ž¼0b5s_B1C./fO§[email protected];H!§rb s)2
F+ S?+6eB£ƒ‚'—.‚;†‹MK/=(OH,@,2N(OH35+2‡6I2^M/"CE2Z 6I2^C+K¾x/=+.6I2HC2ŠB1(./=(KC!NF2 [email protected]?><HR><2N(6I2N*|[email protected],/[email protected]?>;;F2 H"NF2 *C2*!Bke€
[email protected],w=6</'¿~*Nb=À[email protected]?MK2;HCE792;:"-6I><[email protected] w=B16I2MK2(5Ho6879/=R*,[email protected]?ABH,>I/=(XC2*@VB1><‘ 2N*oCE7aNF2 M>I*?*,></=(Ef=wF2 (!NF2 @,B16I2MK2(OH
>I(OH,[email protected],[email protected] F2 H"NF2 2*‡T/=MMK2ŠC2N*[email protected]>I2N*xCE7iF2 MK><*,*?>I/=(4C.2)k#[email protected]‘@C2*[email protected]><2N* » [email protected],/ C+>}HV2N*^[email protected][email protected],2NT/=MX€
R><(B1>I*?/=(q2;€a-`2N(DÁrf‹C/=(OH)6ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>[email protected] *ŠRj/ /=*?HŠC2 /[email protected],2N(OH,“h2HŠ2¯02H)s)/=--6<[email protected]\^T/' ÃI(.TN>IC.2rBA12NT
6I2*lNF2 ([email protected],w=><2N*~C2N*[email protected],B1>I2*^C2‰Ä‹2®[email protected]?/"C.+><H,2N*^[email protected]^+.(2r*?/[email protected]?TN2‰[email protected],2N-j/=*b
"ŠÅ lÆ ‘
2xMK/ CE2NZ 6<[email protected] NF2 C.><Ho6ˆ7iF2 MK><*,*?>I/=(‰C2-¬./1HV½ /=(.*oC2-6<+*t¬B1+.HV2KNF2 ([email protected],w=><[email protected]?/"C+.><HV2!35+2N6<3 +.2N*
C><“N>82Z MK2*ŠC.2h*,2TN/=(.C2N*_BAB1(OH)6<2N*‡-¬/1H,/=(*ŠC+ŒÇ ¾¨W-j/[email protected]Š6879/=R*,[email protected]?ABH,[email protected]\;b‹Àa6I*‡[email protected],/'A >I2((2(5H)C2
6eBLC!NF2 *,><(OH"NF2 [email protected],>I/=(%C2*-.>I/=(*X(.2N+.H,@,2N*f|6I/[email protected]?*,35+2U6I2lTNB1((/1( RB16I6^B-!F2 (!F2 H,@ U
F2 *,+"ÈK*,B1MMK2(5HCB(*
[email protected]?2N*gHV2£C2£*,[email protected]?(/'AB.f / +
Z TN2£[email protected]?(>[email protected]®(E7m2*?H‰-6<+*®/=-B135+2½ B1+":@VB»=/=(.(½ 2NM2N(OHV*‰[email protected]?/"C+.><HV*PBl
Z T2N*
NF2 ([email protected],w1>I2N*bjx2N*‡-¬/1H,/=(*~*,/1(5HŠB1-.-026;NF2 *ŠÉ Ê{([email protected],w12HV><TrljB1MMKB B» *Ë W{!Ç \;b
1Ì
afterglow
GRB
ISM
EGR
Rtp
neutrinos
SNS
CB
trou noir
disque d'accrétion
¦.b
"!
%# $&#%$(' )+*-,/.01023054.6(6+*8796:*<;=*?>@7A*CB1*C>AD1EF*?;G02IHJ.
GK =jML
‘
7iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2h6<>IR!F2 @ NF2 2‰CB1(.*Ž68792;:"-6</=*,></=(qCE7m+.(2d*,[email protected],(/'AB42N*gH)6eB£C>}¯‡F2 @,2N(.TN2dC2*`NF2 ([email protected],w1>I2N*Š[email protected] >}€
H]BHV>I/1((2N6<6I2*2N([email protected]?2®687iF2 HV/1>I6I2XWONd\x2;H‡687iF2 HV/1>I6I2£B
Z (.2N+.H,@,/=(*rWPNFQL\@ NF2 *,+.6<H]B(5H,2K ‚'—SR†=ž
T N
¢
¢
UIVCW XZY ][ \ V UIV^W XZY []\ z
\z
y
y
[
[
'
‚
J
—
5
d
M
¹`–_ „bv
a ‚'—c ² [email protected],w U y \ z U ‚SX _ Ì
Y
Xfe
W¦.b–¦=\
­ ([email protected]><2q><MK-j/[email protected]]B1(OHV2lC.2DTN2;H,H,2 NF2 ([email protected],w1>I2U-0/[email protected],@,B1><Hq2 H,@,2q2NM-0/[email protected]?H"F2 2`[email protected]<2N*TB1(.(/=(5RB16<6I*Nf|2;H
Š
687aNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2ŒC+%S?2;Hq*,[email protected],B1><H`C2u6879/[email protected],[email protected],2ŒC2G‚'— c ²[email protected],whg²bji)(Y*?+--j/=*,2u35+E7m><6_» BG2(5A ><@,/=(™¹ B’
Z ‚'—
TB((/=(5RB16<6I*[email protected]‰‘ *[email protected],*,B1+.H³687aNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2XCE79+(TNB1((/1( RB16I6|2‘ *?HrC/=(T£*,+.--0/1* NF2 2L2 [email protected]?2£C2K6ˆ7m/[email protected],[email protected]?2XC2
Nk=lnm ‚'— c Y [email protected],w.b B®[email protected]!C2Š@ ;F2 k'NF2 @,2(TN2ŠC+PkB1T;[email protected] /[email protected],2(OHV“Ž><(><H,>eB16.C+PTNB1((/=(5RB6I6WˆBAB1(OH
o(pqrors tuwvyx5z{oJ|`uw}
¹
‘
53 +E79>I6n(n7–B1>}H~BH?HV2N><(OH^6I2ŠCxNF2 R+"HŠC.2)6eB£¼Ž\!2N*gH~T]¬/=><*,>I2B
Z ”–• m ‚'—=—=—=—"b 2_TB((/=(5RB16<6n2*?H~*,+.--0/1* F2
[email protected] *®-j2HV>}H®[email protected][email protected],B1--j/[email protected]?H‰B1+ :Œ/=R S?2;HV*‰¬B1R>}HV+26I6I2MK2([email protected],2(TN/=(OH,@ NF2 *‰2N(B1*[email protected],/1-¬O»"*?>I35+2o³ *,BqMKB1*,*?2
2N*gH‡*,+--j/=* NF2 [email protected],/ T]¬2®C2®6eBdMKB1*,*?2‰C.2‰6I
B [email protected],@,2tž
W¦.b Ì \
X k=lnm™— _}‚ X ‚'—1—=—=—O¤ ”œ•
‘
2ŠTNB1((/1( RB16I62*?Hk#/[email protected],M%^F2 C2‡MPBH,>82Z @,2^/[email protected]?C>I(B>[email protected],2‰W#[email protected]»=/=(><35+2'\«f 6<2~(/[email protected]?2~C2Š[email protected]?»1/=(*CB1(*+(
TB((/=(5RB16<6E2N*gHž
Q m Nk=l¤  Y ”œ•
W¦.bœ¹1\
‘
‘
2hTNB1((/=(5RB6I6*N7iF2 HV2([email protected],B1(OH)*?/=([email protected],B S?2HS?+*,35+E7mB1+C!F2 [email protected],2*?HV2rC2d*[email protected],(/'AB.b /[email protected],*?3 +n7m><6
687mBH?HV2N><(OHf.*?/=([email protected]»=/=(`2N*gHž
z š ”œ› •
W¦.b \
y k=l m y ”œ•
z
š”œ› •
‚—=—=—=—
y m S‚ _œb
¹ av‚'— TNM
„ _ a‚'— g#˜ TM ‚ ¤"‚'— ¥ ¦ ”œ• z
š ”œ› •
‚'—=—1—=—
‚
y m ¹1— y e `„ _ av‚'— TN
g#z ˜ M ‚ ¤ ‚'— ¥ ¦ ”œ• š ”œ› •
‚'—=—=—1—
y m `„ _–¦=¹y `„ _ av
‚— g#˜ TNM ‚ ¤"‚— ¥ ¦ ”–• z
§Ž+ €aC26eB4C2£
y fE6I2dTNB1((/1( RB16I6o*7i;F2 HV2(CvBA=2T£6I2hkB1T;[email protected]_CE792;:"-B1(*?>I/=(uš ¡8› ©«ª fE2;H®*,/=(Œ@,B'»1/=(u2N(
k#/=(T;HV></=(ŒC2K6IBlC>I*gH]B1(T
2 ’WCB1(.*r6<[email protected] F2 kF2 @,2(5H,>I26C.2K6IB`¼ )\[email protected],T/[email protected]?+2KC.2N-+><*r6ˆ7m/1R S?2H‰TN2([email protected]
C2;A"><2N(OHž
z š
y k=l!W0\ ¢ y k=l W V y \ ¡8› ©«ª
W¦.b R1\
¡8©«ª
‘
BXC2N(*?><H"‰F2 C.+`TNB1((/=(5RB6I68f.CB1(*~*,/1(`@ F2 kNF2 @?2N(OHV><2N6 [email protected],2-0/1*Nf2N*gHž
X k=l
k=l!W0\ ¢ ˜ Wˆ
W¦.b"=\
y k=lW 0\,\ ²
² !
L K D $
# $|5&%
‘
Z 2(5A ><@,/=(Œ‚xS?/[email protected]?(xNF2 2b
‘ 2*Š[email protected],*^2*?HV><MK2(OH~6I2ŽH,2NM-*^C2)k#/[email protected]?MPBH,>Iz /=(KC+UC>I*[email protected] F2 H,>I/=(vBd
2N*DaF2 S?2NTHVBlC2d*,+.z [email protected],(/'AB.fEC/1(5 H®6IBPMKB1*,*?2 X 2N*gH®*,+--j/=* NF2 2q2 H,@,2dC
2 m ‚'— X e fn*7iF2 T]¬B1--j2N(OH
BX
Z +z (2®A ><HV2 *,*?2 ' °  ¤"‚—`ƒ‚=‚ †8bÀa6<*~*,2®*,/=(OHŠB16</[email protected],*PF2 6I/=><w=(!NF2 *^C.2‰6ˆ7m/1R S?2H~T2N([email protected],B16 CE7m+.(2®C>I*gH]B1(T2
y z m „ ( aq‚— g#˜TM`b"x2H?HV2Š@ NF2 w1>I/=(EfO2(O‘ [email protected],2Š6879/=R S?2;H!T2N([email protected],B16j2H6<2~CxNF2 R+"H[email protected],2N*gHV2ŠC2Ž*[email protected],(/'AB
Wˆ)
y \;f2*?H~*?+--j/=* F2 2‰A >IC.2_C2_MPBHV>82Z @,2b BXC>I*[email protected],><R+.H,>I/=(KC2®•MPBH,>82Z @,2ŽC.2‰6IBX
¼ ‰f2N(lk#/=(T;HV>I/1(lC2
‘
Ì
¢
6eBXC><*?HVB1(TN2®C2-+><*Š6<2_TN2N(OH,@,21fj*,+.><H~+(2‰6I/1>EC2®-+><*,*VB(TN*
2 ,+ f‹BA=2.
T B Z qƒ‚=‚ †ˆb 2®[email protected],/1J6
/
C2®6eBdC.2N(*?><H"‰F2 C2®MKBHV>82NZ @,2ŽCB1(*[email protected]?2N*gHV2‰C2®*,[email protected]?(/'A1B£*,+.><[email protected]?2N6eBHV>I/1(_ž
z •
z
z
z y ¢
V
W00\
Wy \21.W0 y \
W¦.b=\
z
‘
/+3
Z 1W V y \£2*?HK6eBLk#/=(T;HV>I/1(GC.2DÁ‡2BA >I*,><C21b [email protected]=2foT1792N*gHuBŒ
Z C>[email protected]?2U6eB35+B1(OHV>}H"q
F2 C2
MKBHV>82NZ @,2Ž@,2N*gH]B1(OH,2rC2;AB1(OHŠ6<2_TB1(.(/=(5RB16<6-6eB1Tj_F2 2N(4 [email protected]~+(>}H"_F2 C2®*[email protected]?kB1T2Mg#˜)2*?Hž
z •
5 z
5 z y
+ g
¢
W0\
Wˆ¦"b<‚'—=\
o6 q87 u:9<;>[email protected]?yuA vCB<DFE p>GIHB<DFE o8G,JK;ML
N,OQP0u8R STA ;U?IVXW>Ljp
qooYLZP ;\[K[; v];8^_X?`[;MNaJK;ML
N,ObP ; cv ?cVd=eOugf o8hMhji q
BA=2Tož
5
z
- V ¦
z ¢ Ì X a - V ‚
y Y z
!
Wˆ¦"b<‚=‚'\
‘
[email protected]>IBHV></=(GF2 MK><*,[email protected]6eBd*[email protected]?kB1T2®C+UTB1((./=(5RB16I6ˆfBd
Z +(UHV2MK-.*^C/=((!F2 [email protected]?/"C+.><H‰[email protected]?/':"><MPB€
HV>}A=2MK2(5H]\o6I2^*,-j2NT;[email protected]?2‡H,¬2N @?MK><3 +.2^CE7m+.(KT/[email protected],-*(/1>[email protected]/=(OH6I2^MKB:">IMd+MqfCB1(*6I2^@ F2 kF2 @,2N(OH,>I2N6‹C2~6IB
¼ ‰f 2*?HxC2Š6ˆ7m/[email protected],[email protected]?2‡C.2r‚ 2chb"µ/[email protected]*!-¬/1H,/=(*C2ŽT2H?HV2UNF2 ([email protected],w=><21f56eB® 6I/=([email protected]–BH?H"F2 ( +BHV></=(
[email protected],><2~2N([email protected]?2_¹‰w TNM Y W#CB1(*6879¬O»"[email protected],/=w2Z (2'\2H„1—r
½ w TNM Y W#CB1(*6I2~k#[email protected]\Šƒ‚ †ˆb § +(kB1TH,[email protected]„®[email protected] *f
6eB£6I/1([email protected]Š[email protected],B1C>eBHV>I/1(qC.2N*)-¬./1HV/=(.*ŠC+Ç ¾Žf‹CB1(*‡6I2‰@ ;F2 k'NF2 @?2N(OHV><[email protected],2*?H,2hC2‰*,[email protected]?(/'AB.f
2N*gHž
5
l m
zCm ‚'—|wTNM + Y
Wˆ¦"b<‚ „1\
µ/[email protected]/=R.H,2N(><@E5 6eBz C><*?HVB1(TN5
2|/+_Z 6<[email protected],2*?H,2C.2|*,[email protected]?(/'A1B^C2;A >I2N(OH VH @,B1(*[email protected],2(OHf'>I6*,+.È£H C2|C!F2 [email protected],M>I([email protected]
g c 0W 0\ ¢ lž
z
z - V ¦ ª
z ¢
X
y y 5 Ì
Wˆ¦"b<‚'¦=\
l y Y z - V ‚ DH,2N635+2
!
‘
[email protected],2*?H,2dC2d*[email protected],(/'ABlC2A ><2N(OH)[email protected],B1(*[email protected],2(OHPBP
Zz +(2XC.>I*?HVB1(T21fn-j/[email protected]Š6I2*Š[email protected],*Š[email protected] F2 kNF2 @?2N(T2N*
C2*)B1+.z H,[email protected]?*£W#HVB1R6<2B1+D¦.b<‚'\;f‹C2dy ª z ¢ _–„|y‘ ¢ „`_ Ì ap‚'— g c TNMqfj-j/[email protected] - ¢ Ì fj2H)C.2dy ª z ¢
`„ _ y ¢ R`_–5
¹ aK‚'— g#˜!TNMqf=-0/[email protected] - ¢ Wg ¶ \«b B‰MKB1*,*?2~>I([email protected],TN2-.H"F2 2Š[email protected]|6I2^TNB1((/=(5RB6I6tB_
Z MK2*,[email protected]?2
35+E79>I6E-!F2 (E2Z H,@,2‰[email protected]?2N*?H,2rC.2‰*[email protected],(./ AB£2N*gHž
¢ y 5 z
Wˆ¦"b<‚ Ì \
X
k=Y l
!
5
‘
B A=2T X 6eB£MKB1*,*?2hTN><R6I2KW Ì \;f‹2H z C2h6ˆ7m235+BHV></=(`¦.b<‚1‚=b BMPB*,*,2rTN><R6I2f‹H,2N6<6I2®35+E7m26I6<2
2N*gH|TB6ITN+.6;NF2 2_BŽ
Z 6ˆ7m23 +BHV></=(d¦.b}‚ f (E792N*gHoAB16eBR‘ 6I235+2*,> 68792;:"-B(*,></=(UWš ¡ˆ› ©;ª \C+XTNB1((/=(5RB6I6 2N*?Ht(5+6I6<2
6I/[email protected],*,35+E79>[email protected],B'[email protected]?*,2‰6I2)@?2N*?H,2®C2®*,[email protected]?(/'A1B"b 2_TNB16IT+6EC2_6IBdMPB*,*,2®BR*,/[email protected]?R!NF2 2®[email protected]^6I2)TNB1((/=(5RB6I68f
*,>T2N6<+>}€ÊTN>E*7i;F2 HV2N(.CEf‹2N*?H‡C/1((!‰F2 B1+qT]¬B1->}[email protected],2®*?+><AB1(OHb
¦.b}‚
(
"! #%'$ &%($ *) "!=
Nk=l
‚'— c Y N2 @,w
”œ•
š ”œ› •
š ¡8› ©«ª
X k=z l
X z
y [
-
,+
-!/.103254r!
‚—=—=—=—
‚ ¤"‚'— ¥ ¦
‚ ¤5¥ ¦
—"fœ„ X ° ‚'— Y76 w
‚'— X98
„&(-:+a
Ì B‚'Z @— g#˜«TNM
o5; q87 u:9<;>[email protected]?yuA vCB<DFE p>GIHB<DFE o8G`LZP ;\[ [ ; v];8^_X? [;MNaJK;ML N,ObP ; vc?cVd=eOugf o8hMhji`ue?Cf <(=ji q
o(tq?>;ML NO u`9<;>[email protected]?Ou A vaB D E3p>GcHKB D Eo8G sUOu N2;MA?Ou A [email protected]?cVuLKLuLT?CBEDGIKF'J H z o(pML p B IKJ
WMA a
v D zO=f <(=ji q
:
R
[ WMA 2
v Lz:6 s ue? EB KIDGFNJ H
z pML h
B IKJ
#%$&#%$ )* w>`> :20 . .
Å_0' ![$! #" K
' & %j º( ‘
%
2*(5+TN6;NF2 /=(.*xC+4TNB1((/1( RB16I6‹>I(OH,[email protected]=>I*?*,2N(OH!*,+TTN2*,*,>}A=2MK2(5H‡CB(*x6<2‡@?2N*gHV2
C2v*[email protected],(./ AB.b_x2N*>I(OH,[email protected]></=(*`( +.TN6;F2 /=("€Ê( +.TN6;F2 /=( [email protected]?/"C+.>I*,2(OHMPB'S?/[email protected],>}H]B1><@,2NM2N(OHqC2*->I/=(.*
([email protected]?2N*)2;H)T]¬[email protected]?wNF2 *bµ/[email protected]ŽC2*)(5+TN6;NF2 /=(.*)C2h¬B1+.HV2NF2 ([email protected],w=><21f‹[email protected]?HŠC2d6ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2‰C2N*Ž->I/=(.*
T]¬[email protected]?wNF2 *lWœS?+*?3 +n7#B
Z „ 1¦`C2K687iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2K><(><H,>eB1)+6<* 2dC+vTNB1((/1( RB16I6e\_2*?Hh2NM-0/=‘ @gH"F2 [email protected]‰6I2*r(.2N+.H,@,>I(./=*
CB1(.*Š6<2N*^C!F2 *,>I(OH"NF2 [email protected],BHV></=(*~*,+TTN2*,*,>}A=2*Ež +-, .0/21X23
H .4, / › /21 5=b 2N*UNF2 6I2TH,@,/=(*[email protected]?/"C.+><H,*
!
CB1(.*lTN2N*lC!NF2 *,><(OH"NF2 [email protected],>I/=(*fxB>I(*?>Ž35+26I2*4C2+":[-¬./1HV/=(.*4>I*?*,+*lC2D6eBC!F2 *,><(5H"NF2 [email protected],BHV></=(QC2* C!F2 -0/=*?2N(OHX6<[email protected] ([email protected],w=><‘ 2W2(OA"><@,/=(+(vHV><[email protected],*‰C246ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2>I(.><HV>IB16I2XC.+%¾^\‰CB1(*d6<2KTNB1((/=(5RB! 6I68f
[email protected] *XC2l*,BL*,[email protected] BLMPBH,>82Z @,2>I/=(><* F2 24C+pTB((/=(5RB16<6x2*?H£*,+"ÈK*,B1MMK2(5HdT]¬B1‘ +C2U2;HXC2N(.*,2
-j/[email protected] +.2Ž687aNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2‡CxNF2 -j/=* F2 2)*,/1><HTN/=([email protected]?H,>I2)@,B1-><C2NM2N(OH!2N(´F2 ([email protected]?w=>I2~HV¬[email protected],M>I35+2b 2ŠTB1((./=(5RB16I6
2N*gHh*?+--j/=* K
F2 BA=/=><@®+(2XHV2MK-!F2 @VBH,[email protected],2£+(.><k#/[email protected]?MK2X2;Hr6IBlC2N(*?><H"K
F2 CE7aNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2£@VB1C.>eBH,><A=2X><(OHV2NÌ @?(2£C+
• 6 ¡8©«ª#\«b
TB((/=(5RB16<6O2N*gHt-6<+*>IM-0/[email protected]]B1(OH,2|3 +.2!6IB~C.2N(*?><H"F2 CE7iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2!C.2!*?2N*tT/=(*gHV><H,+2N(OH,*W#*,> ”œ7
s)[email protected],B1(OH)*,/1([email protected],T/[email protected]?*)CB1(*Ž[email protected]?HV><2r/[email protected]?2N*?H,2dC2d*[email protected],(./ AB.fn6I2hTNB1((/1( RB16I6*N7iF2 H,2N(C
35+B1z *?>}€iBC>eB1RBHV><3 +.2NM
2N(OHf 2H^*?/=([NF2 ([email protected],w=><2Ž@,B1C>eBHV><A12Ž><(5H,[email protected]?(2_2N*[email protected] NF2 C.+><H,2)CE79+(4kB1TH,[email protected]~y k=l!W ¢
ª
z ¢
y ½\?¤1yk=lW0 y \;bZ/1+.HV2~687aNF2 ([email protected],w1>[email protected]>eBH,><A=2^><([email protected]?([email protected],2*?H]B(5H,2Ž2*?H+.HV><6I><* NF2 ‘ 2^-j/[email protected]@?/"C.+>[email protected]?2
6I2KÇ ¾Šb§Ž[email protected]?/:.><MPBHV><A12NM2N(OH‰+([email protected]?H,>I2l‚ 8¤ 5PC2TN2H?HV2GNF2 ([email protected],w=><22*?HNF2 M>I*,2b 7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2£HV/1HVB16I2
CE79+(q-+6I*?21fCB(*[email protected] ;F2 k'NF2 @?2N(OHV><2N6C+qTB1(.(/=(5RB16<62N*?HEž
z
j
N
=
k
l
y š ”œ•
‚
<¡ ;
>
N:«9 ©=;m ›
z
ª
z
œ
”
•
¦ 5 ¡8©«ª ?
y [email protected] Wy V y !\ ACG B#DFE
B#DHE
z
Njk=l y š ”œ•
¡8©«ª
>
Wˆ¦"b<‚ ¹1\
z
¦ 5 ¡8©«ª ”œ• Wy ª z V ?
y \.š¡8©«ª
35+>AB1+.Hf-j/[email protected]~6<2N*^[email protected],*‡C2®@ ;F2 k'NF2 @,2(TN2rC+`HVB1R6<2B1+q¦.b}‚=fGN «9 =© <¡ ;;m › > ‚S_–¹av‚— ˜ c [email protected],wDW - ¢ Ì \;f2;H
N «9 ©=<¡ ;;m › > :`_œb
¹ a‚'— ˜ c [email protected],wDW - ¢ O\W g 6 \;b
$ %
' & " I J ­Š(2£[email protected]?2h2N*gHV><MPBH,>I‘ /=(`2N*[email protected],/1-0/=* NF2 [email protected])6I2*)B1+"[email protected],*Nfn/ +D
Z *,2+6I2h687iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2
Bl
Z 6eB4*[email protected]?kB1T2£*N7iNF2 T]¬B1-.-02C+uTB1((./=(5RB16I6ˆb 2N*®(5+T6;NF2 /1(*rC.+uTNB1((/1( RB16I6oT/=([email protected]?HV><*,*?2N(OHd+(ŒHV><[email protected]?*
C2l6<[email protected] ([email protected]?w=>I2P2N(%wOB1MMPB*[email protected],/'A=2(B1(OHC2N* \;foCB(*X+(2 F2 -B1>I*?*,[email protected] wOB6I2BL
Z 6IBD6I/=([email protected]
!
CE79>I([email protected];HV></=(UCE7m+.(`(5+T6;NF2 /1(_ž
5
ª ¡8ª ° Ì „owTNM +
)° ¤ Wˆ¦"b<‚:=\
$
Y
e
x2N*!-¬/1H,/=(*wOB1MMPB*|>I(>}HV>I2(OHC2N*!TB1*?TB1C2*KNF2 6<2NT;[email protected],/1MPB1‘ w1(xF2 H,>I35+2N*35+>jTN/=([email protected]?H,>I*?*,2N(OH‰WB1+£J(B16e\
[email protected] ([email protected]?w=>I2‰2N(YF2 ([email protected]? w=>I2r>I([email protected],(2rCB1(*Ž6I2‰TB1((./=(5RB16I6ˆb 2*Ž><(5H,[email protected],B1TH,>I/=(*ŠC2hT2N*)-.¬/1HV/1) (*Nf0-0/=‘ [email protected]
C2*PNF2 ([email protected],w=><2N*!C2h‚'—1— 2;c BK
Z ‚—=—dÇ_2chf"*?/=(OHC/=M>I(!NF2 2N*[email protected]‰[email protected],/ C+T;HV></=(PC2Š-B1><@,2N*'5 5 + b B
6I/1([email protected]^C2®@VB1C.>eBH,>I/=(4-j/[email protected]~C2*~-¬/1H,/=(*~CB1(*~T2rC/1MPB1><(2)CE7aNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2®2N*gHž
\
5
‘
R1—|wTNM + Y
>
Wˆ¦"b<‚ R1\
2N*~-¬/HV/=(*^H,¬[email protected]?MK><3 +.2N*~->;F2 wNF2 *~CB(*~6I2_TB((/=(5RB16<6/=(OH~+(2‰6I/=([email protected]^C2®@VB1C>IBHV></=(_ž
5
>
>
„`_ :wTM + Y
5
Wˆ¦"b<‚=\
5
BA=2T 6eBK*?2NT;HV>I/1(L2ÈTBTN2X
\ ¬./=MK
*?/=(Eb0­Š(2rk#@VB1T;HV>I/1( ¤ dC2*)[email protected],/HV/=(*Ž2N([email protected],B1(OHV*)><(5H,[email protected]€
5 C2 5 ^
B1w=><*,*?2N(OHf2;Hh+(.2£k#@,B1TH,>I/=( ¤
C2687iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2XC2N*‰-¬/1H,/=(*®C26eBlC!F2 *,>I(OH"NF2 [email protected],BHV></=(ŒC2N* oLK]qNM
OQP#R
RUTVXW
OQP0u8R STA ;U?IVXHHW>S Lj
p qo(pq
t L Zo Yo8h\[<]u(vOx
BD
z
=>G:s=ue?ZM
OQP#R
HHS
RUTV:W
: o(L h^Yo8h\[<]u(vOx
BD
z
6TG:s Nc;ML N O u8Ng=eWvyvyu [email protected]?IVXW>L N JK;\! L N
‘
2N*gHPC!NF2 -j/=* F2 2GB
Z 6eBŒ*,[email protected]+GTB1(.(½/=(5RB16<68b 2q(/[email protected]?2UC2`
(5+T6;F2 /=(*C+ @?2N*?H,2`C.2`*[email protected],(/'AB
5
[email protected]><TN>I-B1(OH4B`
Z [email protected]?/"C.+TH,>I/=(uC+pÇ ¾Žf 2N*?Hr2N*gHV><M%F2 2B Z Q l > y Yk=l
l¤½ Ob §Ž><(*,>ˆf B1+
!
@VB»1/=([email protected],B1(*[email protected],2(TN2Ž[email protected]?2N*?H,2ŠC.2Š*[email protected],(/'AB.f 6I2~M/"CE2Z 6I2^*[email protected]?kB1T2Ž[email protected]?/"C.+><H+(4Ç ¾´BA12NTŽ+.(2
NF2 ([email protected],w1>I2_HV/1HVB16I2f.CB(*[email protected] ;F2 k'NF2 @?2N(OHV><2N6C+qTB1(.(/=(5RB16<6 [email protected],2N-j/=*fC2ož
5
5
"¡ˆ©;ª  Y y Yk=l
l
0 >
Y
\
N «=© ;m › 5 5 Wˆ¦"b<]‚ =\
!
¦
µ/[email protected] ¢ LW - ¢ Ì \;fj687iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2h6I><R!NF2 @ NF2 2‰CB1(*Ž+(L-+6<*,2d2*?H N ]©=;– › ° ‚S_X ap‚'—˜ c [email protected],wWON «0©=;m › °
¦ _m+
¦ a‚'—˜ ¶ [email protected]?w5\NW g \«b
L K ^
Å " 2 j$ 0% + ‘
B +2(TN
2 G /=R.*,[email protected] 2h*?+g
@ [email protected],@?2®2N*?H‡@?2N6I>;NF2 2PBd
Z 6ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2_><*,/1H,@,/=-j2LNF2 35+>}A1B6I2N(OH,21fT7m2*?HXBX
Z C>[email protected]?2
687aNF2 ([email protected],w1>I2DNF2 M>I*[email protected]^+(.2r*?/[email protected],T2‰B1+`@?2N-j/=*Nf*?>2N6<6I2DNF2 M2H~C.2‰MKB1(>82NZ @?2)>I*?/[email protected]?/[email protected]ž
” ˆ¡ ¢ Ì Y
G
Wˆ¦"bœ„1—=\
N
‚ ! ”
‘
7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I
2 N ˆ¡ > ‚'— c V ‚'— c ²[email protected],w. f'-0/[email protected]
B +2N(T2!Cn7m+(r*,[email protected]?*VB1+"HoC
2 G ¢ ‚'— + ˜ V ‚'— + 6 [email protected]?wŠTM + Y f
¢ ‚KWT;kib§Ž((2«:"2r§rbœ„"b}‚ \«b
W \-j/[email protected]
BX
‘ Z +(2‰C>I*gH]B1(.TN2_C2‰6I+M>I(./=*,>}H"F2
7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2®6<>IR!F2 @ NF2 [email protected]^+(qTB1((./=(5RB16I6nTN/[email protected][email protected],2N*?-0/1(CGBX
Z +(
2 +.2N(T2rC2tž
‚
G °
Wˆ¦"bœ„"‚'\
Ì W \ N «=© ;m › ²
Y
!
Ì
¢
35+>EAB1+.H G
a‚— + c [email protected],wTNM + Y -0/[email protected]]©=;m › > ‚'—˜a˜Ž[email protected],wf ¢ ‚=f W \ ¢ R£Ç_-0TMg ‘ 2;HŽBA12NT
1 ¢ ‚ K¤ "¡ˆ©;ªo3 +.>oM`2Z (2dB+LkB1TH,[email protected]ŠC2Xs)/[email protected] ° ¡8©«ª ¢ ‚'—1²£W#Tkibn§Š((2«:.2X§rbœ„ b<‚ \«b 7iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2
>I*?/[email protected]?/=-j2LNF2 35+><AB16<2N(OHV2_C.2r6ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2)Cn7m+(`TB1(.(/=(5RB16<6E2N*gHž
”
N ˆ¡ ° N ]© ;m › ²
Wˆ¦"bœ„=„1\
”
35+>EAB1+.j
H N ˆ¡ ¢ ‚'— c ²Š[email protected],wb
Æ #n$ J 2 J K
‘
2 +":lC2®-¬/1H,/=(*lNF2 M>I*[email protected]^6I2_TNB1((/=(5RB6I6E2*?H‡+(2_k#/=(T;HV></=(UC2®687iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2)C2N*~-¬./1HV/=(.*‡2;H
C2®6eBhH,2NM-!NF2 @,[email protected],2®C+qTB1((./=(5RB16I6 Mk=lob
€Ks_B(*[email protected],2uC+ MK/ CE2NZ 6<2LA=/=6<+M21f6IBpH,2NM-!NF2 @,[email protected],2ŒC!NF2 -j2N(.CYC2Œ6eBpC2(*,>}H"Œ
F2 CE7iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2
@VBC>eBH,><A12)TN/=(OH,2N(5+2®CB1(*~6<2ŽA=/=6<+M2_C+UTB1((./=(5RB16I6ˆb )+B1(.Cq6<2)TB((/=(5RB16<6BXBH?HV2N><(OH~6I2)@,B'»1/=(
C2®[email protected],B1(*,[email protected],2([email protected],2*?H,2hC2r*,[email protected]?(/'A1B"fj6ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2‰@VBC>eBH,><A12_2N*?H`NF2 wOB6I2KW]B
Z +(`kB1T;[email protected] [email protected] *V\
<¡ ;
B+
Z N ]9 ©=;m › C2®6ˆ7iF2 3 +BHV></=(U¦.b}‚ ¹"f2;Hž
ª
N ]9 © ¡ ;;m ›
ª
z
˜
¢
k=l 0W y \ °
Wˆ¦"bœ„1¦=\
˜ W
y k=l0W ¢ y ª z \?\ ²
²!
Ì
¢

BA=2T
l ¤ m ‚S_m¦ R?a)‚'— g#˜[email protected],w‡TNM + ²Id12c + ˜f'2H l|f'6eB^T/=(*?HVB1(OHV2!C2¼5HV2N-.¬B1("€a¾x/=6<H,“NMKB1(Eb
€s_B1(*6<2)[email protected],2_C+UM/"CE2Z 6I2Š*,[email protected]/=(l*,+.--0/1*,2®35+2_687iNF2 M>I*?*,>I/1(4C2)6IBd*,[email protected]_C+UTNB1((/=( €
RB16<6n2*?H~2N([NF2 35+><6I><[email protected],2ŽB'A12NT‰6eBrk#@,B1TH,>I/=(lCn7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2_C!F2 -0/1* NF2 2®C2®6ˆ7m><(5H,[email protected],B1TH,>I/=(4C.+D¾’BA=2T®6eB£¼ ‰b
o =qNM T F"!RUTV#%$ L ^
h Yo8\h [<]u(vOx B D
OQP0u8R STA ;U?IVXHHW>S Lj
p qo(pq
o <qro [ = znp s h(=rtY/o8h*),+I=.-
z
=>G:s=ue?ZM T &F !
H S RUTV'#
H
:S
K
L6
o8h\[&(u(vOx
Y
BD
z
6TG:s Nc;ML N O u8Ng=eWvyvyu [email protected]?IVXW>L N JK;\L N
§Ž+Œ@,B'»1/=(Œ[email protected],B1(*[email protected],2(TN2£[email protected]?2N*gHV2£C2X*,[email protected],(/'AB.fE6IBKHV2MK-!F2 @VBH,[email protected],2X2*?HL;F2 A1B6I+!F2 [email protected])6<2N*_B1+ €
[email protected],*r †B£
Z [email protected],/:">IMKBHV>}A=2NM2N(OHž
ª
=k l ˜
>
5
\ Y
5
5
5 ¡8©«ªK  Y " ¡ˆ©;ª
l
¦
y ª Š
Wˆ¦"bœ„ Ì \
µ/[email protected]Ž6ˆ7m/=R.*,[email protected][email protected]‹6I2_H,2NM-*qF2 TN/=+6;rF2 2([email protected],2r6I2®M/=MK2(OHŠ/+q
Z 6I2®TNB1((/=(5RB6I6 2N([email protected]?2hCB(*Ž6<2‰@?2N*gHV2
C2®*,[email protected],(/'ABLW ¢ —=\x2H‡TN26I+>/+l
Z ><6BH,H,2N><(5H~6<[email protected]»=/1(`C2_H,@VB1(*[email protected]?2N(T2r2*?Hž
z
‚ y ª z V y)
aª m
Wˆ¦"bœ„=¹1\

¡8©«ª
‘
[email protected],B'»1/=(2HŽ6eB£HV2NM-!F2 @VBH,[email protected],2rC+LTB((/=(5RB16<6tB>I(*?>35+2h6eBKC.>I*?HVB1(T2h35+E79>[email protected],T/[email protected]Ž[email protected],><2N(OHŠ2N(
k#/=(T;HV></=(UC+qH,2NM-*[email protected],/:">IMKBHV>}A=2NM2N(OH~*?2N6I/1( †1ž
y k=l yk=lW0 ¢ y ª z \
aª yk=lW0 ¢ y ª z \
aª y k=l0W ¢ y ª z \
ª
k=l
y k=lW ?\
ª aª yk=lW?\ m
°
Mk=lW?\ m
°
m
W?\
k=l
z
Wˆ¦"bœ„SR1\
Wˆ¦"bœ„ =\
Wˆ¦"bœ„=\
¡8©«ª 
Wˆ¦"b–¦=—=\
‚ ‘
2N*‡-¬/1H,/=(*~*,/1(5HŠ*,+.--0/1* NF2 *h2 H,@,2NF2 M>I*^><*,/1H,@,/=-><35+2NM2N(OH~CB1(.*Š6<[email protected] F2 kF2 @,2(5H,>I26/ +q
Z 6<2®TB1((./=(5RB16I6
2N*gHŠB1+`@?2N-j/=*~*,26I/=(U+(q*,-j2NT;[email protected],2®HV¬[email protected],M>I35+2tž
-
N G k=l
y
Wˆ¦"bœ„:=\
>
G
„
>
N G =k l _ hW?\ !
Wˆ¦O\
l
[
\U N G =k l Y
Y
yk=lW?\
ª V ‚
5
Wˆ¦"b–¦.‚'\
/‘ + Z N G k=l 2N*?H‡6ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2_C2*~-¬/1H,/=(*~CB1(*‡6I2Ž@ F2 kF2 @,2(5H,>I26C.+`TNB1((/=([email protected],2-0/1*Nb 7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2KC+p-¬/HV/=({N G k=l CB1(*[email protected] F2 kF2 @,2(5H,>I26xC+pTNB1((/=(5RB6I6C2A >I2(OH+N ¢ N G k=l ¤ Wg‚ % \
CB1(.*‡6<[email protected] ;F2 k'NF2 @,2(OHV>I26C2®6879/=R*[email protected]?ABH,[email protected]‡68792N35+BHV>I/1(`¦"b–¦.‚®C2;A >I2N(OHž
N
Q
>
/+l
Z 6I2)[email protected] WON_?\jž
Wg‚ \ Y
Ì W \
Y !
G
N Wg‚
5WON _?\ ¢
\
_ hW?\ a
+ 5 !
" E
N Wg‚
\
_ Wˆ¦"b–¦O„1\
Wˆ¦"b–¦=¦=\
[email protected]?/ A ><‘ 2N(OHC26ˆ7–BH?H"F2 ( +BHV></=(dC+ + :XCB1(.*|6I2N*riF2 S?2NT;H]B_C2*[email protected],(./ [email protected],2*?HVB1(OHC2AB1(OH6I2x½TB1((./=(5RB16I6
 †ˆb B‰[email protected],2)¦.b<‚—rM/=([email protected],2‡+(UB S?+.*?HV2MK2(OH*,[email protected]6I2‡*,-j2NT;[email protected],2ŽC2N*-.¬/1HV/1(*x-j/[email protected]!6I2ŽÇ ¾ S=—"‚ „1¦.f
C2®6eBhk#/1(TH,>I/=(q¦.bm¦O„d>I(OH"F2 [email protected] F2 2®*,[email protected]~6I2)H,2NM-*Nb
R1—
5 ¦.b<‚— ( !
"! = ]$ "!
00 ") " ! = ,+ -!!
Q£¤ N + ! N Q£¤N S .1032 4!?"! "! "$ !
Y
) ! ?! ! = = "$ !F =M`"! !$#"!
K
% º( " ˆº$
" "
|{ (>I(OH"F2 [email protected](OH®6ˆ7m23 +BHV></=(u¦.b–¦=„U*?2N6I/1(6ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2qW#C2N*‰TB1(B1+":uCE7iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2£C+C!F2 HV2TH,[email protected](*
TN2KTB1*h¾x§ ‡¼.{\;f/=(/=R.HV><2N(OHr6eBUTN/[email protected]?R02C2K6I+M>82Z @,2qW6<2K(./[email protected]?2KC2K-¬/1H,/=(*‰2N(k#/1½ (TH,>I/=(uÌ C+
HV2MK-.*]\r-j/[email protected]+(pTB1(.(/=(5RB16<68f T1792N*gHLBD
Z C>[email protected]?2P-j/[email protected]+(24><MK-+.6I*,></=(EbŽ792N*gHB'A12NTl6<24Ç ¾ =— „1¹
35+2Ž6IB_TN/[email protected],B1>I*?/=(K2*?HkB1><H,2€t2([email protected],2ŽB1+.H,@,2N*€[email protected]*gH+(K*,[email protected]?*VB1+.HxTN/=M-j/=* ~F2 CE79+(2Š>IM-+6I*?>I/=(
+(><35+21b‹{|6I6<2_2N*gHŠ[email protected] NF2 *?2N(OH"F2 [email protected],2‰¦.b}‚=‚=b
5 ¦.b}‚=‚
( !
) K+ n
& ( '5 032()#* + ")n "!
= ,+ -! S ( .1032 4!
R"‚
#%$&#%$&#
f;=25B D,M7 w 230 B1*-0*IDj7A; w 02>
‘
792N*gHV>IMKBH,>I/=([email protected]?/"C.+TH,>I/=(`C2h([email protected]?>I(/1*Ž[email protected]?/=-0/1* NF2 [email protected]Š6I2N*ŠB1+.H,[email protected]?*)*,2‰kB1><HŠCB1(.*Ž6879¬O»O€
-j/1HV¬E2Z *,2XC+É É8Rj2B1M C+M- Y Ë 8bEx2NTN>t*,2‡S?+*gHV>}[email protected]Š6I2‰kB1><HŠ35+2XCB1(*Ž[email protected] F2 kF2 @,2N(OH,>I2N6/ +L
Z 6I2rTB1( €
(/=(5RB6I6^2N*gHKB1+´@?2N-j/=*Nf6IBŒ6</=([email protected]>I(OH,[email protected]></=(GC2N*(5+TN6;NF2 /=(*CB1(.*6<2`¾Žf"k=l|f|2*[email protected] *
>I("k'NF2 @,><[email protected]?2®[email protected]»=/1(DC+`¾ 6<+>}€ÊM`2 MK2b
"k=l yk=l
s /=(TPT]¬B135+2U(5+TN6;NF2 /=(%C2*viF2 S?2NT;H]BC24*[email protected],(./ ABABL>I([email protected]=><@hBA12NTU+(%(5+TN6;NF2 /=(pC+´¾Žbos)2
)
6eBXM`2N M2®MPB1(.z >82NZ @?21fCB(*Š6<[email protected] ;F2 k'NF2 @,2(OHV>I26/+U
Z 6IBK¼ 2*?HŽ[email protected]?2N-j/=*Nf‹6eBX6</=([email protected]~CE79>I([email protected];HV>I/1(`C2*
(5+TN6;NF2 /=(.*Nf f2N*gHŠ><(.kNF2 @?>[email protected],2PBX
Z 6eBdHVB1>I6<6I2ŽC.2‰6IB£¼rb
z
z
y ª z V y ‘
[email protected]?2N*gHV2C2K*[email protected],(./ ABD-j2N+"HP2; [email protected],2TN/1(*,><CxNF2 @ K
F2 T/=MKM2É ÉF2 -B1>I*NË Ë-0/[email protected]‰6<2N*®(5+TN6;NF2 /=(.*hC+v¾Žbs)z 2
-6<+*d6eB`6I/=([email protected]!F2 *,><(5H"NF2 [email protected],BHV></=(pC2*X->I/=(.*hT]¬[email protected]? wNF2 *[email protected],/ C+><H,*d2N*gHX-6<+*dTN/[email protected]?H,2l3 +.2 f
B1><(*,>06eB£¼ ™2*?HŽÉ ɈJ(.2=Ë Ë -j/[email protected]^6eBrCxNF2 *?>I(OH"F2 [email protected],>I/=(lC.2N* fT7m2*?HXBX
Z C>[email protected]?2)35+2®6I2)*?/[email protected]?H~C.2N*
2N*gH‡C2
!
!
*,2®C!F2 *,><(5H"NF2 [email protected][email protected]
s)/=(ToH,/=+.H,26ˆ7iF2 ([email protected]?w=>I2|C.2N*( +.TN6;F2 /=(*2N*gHC.>I*,-j/=(><R6I2t-0/[email protected]@,/ C+><@,2C2N* -></=(* ([email protected]?2N*/=+®T]¬[email protected],wNF2 *
WCB1(*‰6I2£TB1*‰/+$
Z ”–• ¡8©«ª\«b{|(OA >[email protected]?/=(C2+":ŒHV><[email protected]?*rC2*r-.>I/=(*‰*,/1(5HrC2*r-></=(*‰T]¬[email protected]?wtNF2 *‰35+>!*?2
C!F2 *,>I(OH2NZ [email protected]?2N(OH_2N((.2N+.H,@,>I(./=*Ž2;H)Md+/1(*Nfj/ +D
Z 6<2N*‡Md+/=(*Š*,2dC!NF2 *,><(OH"NF2 [email protected],2N(OH_2(*,+.><HV2h2N( F2 6I2NT;[email protected]?/=(*Ž2;H
([email protected]?>I(/=*bts)2KTN2PkB><Hf+.(2Pk#@VBTHV></=( m „=¤1¦`C.24687iNF2 ([email protected],w=><2KC.+v(5+TN6;NF2 /=(p><(TN><C2N(OHd*7iF2 T]¬B1--j2
*,/1+*k#/[email protected],M2ŽC.2_(2N+.H,@,><(/=*C2_6IBhC!F2 ‘[email protected],/1>I*,*,B1(T2_C+U‘->I/=(W , . /1=\!2H^C.2_6eBhC!F2 [email protected]?/=>I*?*VB1(T2_C+
Md+/1(q><(C+>}H‰#W ., 5 / › /211\;b 2_kB1TH,[email protected]~C2 /[email protected],2(OHV! “®C2®*,/[email protected]><2_C+L¾¨0W ¡8©«ª\2*?H‡C/=(Ttž
Njk=l¤1¦
Ì\
¡8©«ª/m
ˆ
W
"
¦
–
b
¦
„ X  Y Njk=l ¤1¦ X k=Y l  ˜
TK
Z !!#"$ %'&( )*,+ & w - " !#" & R.-'% M /0 &21 03 &(/ .4 ?»5NZ M
6 " W7'8jb ‚ ¹ Kƒ‚'—=— †&\«b
9 " J 7: # ´º J " J ;: , #+2 J # =< ?> #[email protected]
K
½
§rbs 'l§rbsB 4D+ C04 E" &‘ &&( 4 & ?T 0! " & lT " " &F&( GDT && " &2H 'I 0/ J‘ 4! & " 1 ƒ‚'—=—†LK D¾ T "$MM N ¼ O " &(I " &.w$ ! 4 4 I " &w 4 4 &( TP " &AK 6& "$M H 6 " &w 4 4 &( TP " & Q &R‰¾Sž
”œ•
Q k=l ª ° X k=y lUTJV eª ¡8 ª
W ¦XK–¦O¹Y
=
k
l
Y
!
Q
' &R ¼ž
”œ• z ª X z TV ª ¡8ª
Q °
W ¦XK–3¦ :$Y
y Y z e
!
"µ 4 'Z1 4 + k[ + '&Tf\]& "M H ^ " &w 4 4 &(X+ TP " &_ ^* "$/. l‚—1¶
Q &.U‰¾`P £‚'— Y Q &R ¼ )K
iB& T " & A a 4 &DT "$4 T]¬ J& 4 T'P + " & 4 &. " &w 4 4F &( / T' " & 4 T "  XL
+ ¾bP 4 &
T "4 T]¬ 4 &.G " &.w 4 4. &2/ / T' " & 4 T5"  XD
+ ‘ ¼rf Q &c 4 T'&2 MI /0K!d 45e
T "4 T]¬ " &2qT " &( T'X'+ !Q `k T'/ 4N "$ '&(V“ ' ! NT' 1 M &( !f !.!"$ a 4.
hq87; =V @ O uJu8N0? NcAK[K[ W>NuwR u NOu.- V$g VXL h LKVu#i ?cW>A?Ou8NaOu N,[ ;v ?IV"=AKO u8N,VXL=eVdJ]uLT?Ou8NaV"L>?yuwv]; x>V"NINPu LT?(q
$
R=„
‘
?»5 a M 4f !#" K ' & 4 TP + " & &2/ / w 0/'&2 4 &)k "$ d' ! / '&2R'& MI" »$'&& 4 &.)k TP " &
"
J!Q 4
Q
’° — _R f 4 '+ & w W É É* k T' " & + &. w M
‘ »$&.4 & " f ! 4 T R&.! w 4 4& "
"
"
5
4
e
a
4
'ŽT & )& »
¬ / + & w =Ë Ë ‚—=—†3YPK Z& T'P+ & 1&( &(/ w
k "$ C04 08 4 a TZ8 4 "$ '&( 4I !#" W Q &.d ;+ k + &( 4 T'&( MI /0 Y«f ! & &( 8 4 %& "$4 1!T "$4 T]¬. 4 &Z " &w 4 4 &(/ T' " &I1 &&'&( &( w % )M  M Mc & * a K
­%&. + w " & a 4T]¬ 4 GP '&/_0Dk "$/M 1fT " &( & &(NI& 4 TP+ " & » &( &(/ ‘ w 'f 3 " & ' KtdP// + w " &E',P+ & J
a 4 &.1 /0/PT "$M!Q H a š  Ÿ  ¤ ¥ ¦XK "$ /8 4 !
"4 ')®T "$4 T]¬ ¼ " &( &( ‘ w fA'® T "$4 T]¬. .4 ¾ &A » &( !Q '&T " &( w 1 " &2|k /!! ‘ “ " & '&/ P|T]¬ 4. K " H C P & ˆfD1 Ì 4^Q & ;+ k + '&( ' ¼‰f ! & . 4 &Uk T'/ 4R "$ &(V“ ¡8©«ª ." && + !Q L,'+ 8 4 " &U¦.Km¦ K
L K
X %
J : # +
"
"
"
2 J 5 >
J "
5
J s * '+ 4 M ' &d+ Q! ¾ <»' *Kƒ‚'— †d 4 !./"54 T' " & &T' 4 1 ! " & ‰T]¬ w + B
Q &. 'xT " " & ! /" " & )¦3:1—hÇ-c 4 T H. 9¬5» 0" w 'a &1f . 0 / H 4 " & !" .& 4. ž
W Y
>
1$Tož
*
— _œ„ ! W ‚ V Y ² ¶
¢ „ N ¥
§ !Q ] ' ." & & '+ F 4 MI!4 ½ " & &01 0
&(/ T' " & !!G4 T " " &.& 4 Àg¼ ƒ‚'—S † # F 0 H 4
!" & 4. ž
W ¦XK–¦ $Y
W W ªLY
‘
%&
'
J
K
‚
>
„ ªY
5
+ W ¦XK–¦ RY
! " & ^& 4 ! /"54 &F'
" & ' M!4 " & / &01 / E
E
W ¦XK–¦S$Y
4 T P+ " & 4 T && " &2H "$ $1 '&2 &( . ”œ•G a ¡8©«ª5³ "$ $1 '&2% 4 H &( / 'T " &.
”
G
8 4 GB DHE ¢ K
: %!
#
J ‘ & }»5/lƒ‚'—=—† 81 ¢ NZ1=¤N ' ¢
0 0 H 4 " & 'B& 4
M &(ž
%2 "
) !/"54 ‘ TP " & ]&. 4 / & " Z'0)k 1$NT^U1 /3 H' ¢ NR'¤N‘ NR'¤N (K T " &( / H 4 " & F !0"X.4 T' " & +d " &.'0& + w$ w + K / & " %&Lk " &TP " & !"4¢ ¦ &( / T' " &.# 4 !!./"[eXMI 1$;€
%
"!
\ W . Y ¢
5 +
Ì
W ¦XK $— Y
1$T %`° ¦ P$# D° ‚'„ " H. '& 4 !QF C04 0 M '&([K ‘ M!4 " & / &01 / MI" »&& & 4 0 & " % ª '0R&(1 0" &=N+ w a ‚]=— %&X&N&A 4 &( 8 4 B' & 4 / & " !./"54 / Q &
+ &(XN+ w " & M 4" &Q 4Xe € M  M !./" 1$'& &( 6 ^ '+ &(XN+ w / " & !" &.K
§ !Q d ' 8 4Q " &~¦XK–¦S W &N 4.!!" &(R8 4 - "$ d1 H !"4 ' & 4 / & " Y '‡¦.K Ì —
R1¦
. 0 / H 4 " & '%& 4 0 & " 4 ž
% + ! NR Y + E
5
5
¦XK Ì ‚ Y
W
E

1
ª )
”œ•
"!
¢ % Y 5+ E
¦XK Ì „Y
W
ª " 4 a ª ¤ NU ¢ ª ¤ ”–• 0+ 8 4 1 &( a 1 * &w$ )1 4 L " H./ 1 4 0T0 I
a ½
9
*‘ &wB'&2 6* De 4 C 'R'U F. T' " & 6L " H./ 1 4 1$ %‰Ç ¾ZK
,'+ & w 4 & & 4 0 & " NU !/"54 Q & 4 &Z "$4 TZ "$ &( & ,¬ k 5/ ]" H./ 1 + 1$T)L,'+ & w N 4 \ / ož
Y
¢
N
NR
¢
‚ ' 1$T ; ¢ N ¤N !!#"$ L,'+ & w 4 &. 4 / & " 4 \ 0 4 L,'+ & w 4
&.T &( Q &R + k[ + '&2 ' 4! & " 1 ž
”œ•
) )
Y
¢
g
+
Y
Z,; W ‚ Y Y
5
E

;
1
ª Ä & M '&( 5-& "$M H B " 6& 4 / & " !Q 4 & X+ 4 4. k T' !Q ;$ !#"$4 4 &
1 5+ 1 9 ž
Y - ( > Z/Q W ‚ Y ˜ ”–• Y D W _ ”œ• _X1 _ ; Y
W Y
9
;
„
ª Y
!
) ) W _ ”œ• _"1 9 _ ; Y ¢ ;05 + g
E
Ì
W ¦XK $¦ Y
& 4 TP+ " &
Ì=Ì
W ¦XK Y
&w$ Ì
W ¦XK ¹ Y
Ì
W ¦XK :$Y
1$T Q & "$M H F& 4 TP+ " &. &-XT && " &5H ' W YZ &.T ^ 4.MI & " X+
e
„5K<‚ Y K
‘ W T; k,K §Z4&&. r§)KœM
w Ž¦.K<‚'„ " &( U k " &TP " &4¦.K Ì : !./"$!#"$ " &.& 4 4XeI Z& 4 0 & " '0 M + !Q '
4 / 4 !#"$4 ' !Q/MJPa ;+ k + '&T 4 H. 4 ¦XK<‚$K
5 ¦.K}‚ „ M ) ! , !3 " ! $ ) = ( ) A+ N RÌ
"! ) = ,+ -! " ! "!
"! N
.
($ =N! "!
14!
#%$&#%$ :> ,?D>`> :20 > D;96w. E;=25B D,M7 w 230 B1*-0* Dj7 ; w 023>
Z |
: ' & " ! º 9ºE:
K
§ 1$T 4 & !!0" T]¬^ M! 0/ #*9¬5» !#" V¬ a / 4 É Ê¾d M B4M! Ë Ë 0 M H / + B "$ U
F ! ¬5»5 8 4 !Q T'8 4 F& " &&. ! - fM  M 8 4Q &( X+ ,+ & $ ^ H + '+ ^ "$4 "/M 6& 4 0 & " %Q/' " &8 4 )L " &0 ! T' Q &R + [+ &( 4 '0/ 6 4! & " 1 "$4Q &R
+ + &( 4 T &.& " &2H 4N !#" 'K
- &-Lm¬O» !#" V¬ 'a / 4 ¾d MB4MI! "4 F* + &. ' !." &_T]¬ '+ T N
a . „1¦ 4
"
.
!
!
4
a
M
$
"
4
$
"
0
M
4
* + &. 'J& T'P + & &T '&( d,N+ T]¬
?»50 &. / & " K - &.
+ [+ &( ¼ 4 !#" % " & 4!!#" 0J8 4 0/ N 4! & " 1 E$ XT "$MM 4 &
É É*H# M 4M! Ë Ë 4 & 4 TP+ " & 4 ¾ 2P * + &. !" & H !"$4. !0"X.4 d&. 4 / & " U° „1¤1¦ ”–• X k=l K - & + [+ &( 4 ¾ 4= !#" " & 4!.!" 08 4 JqT && " &2H $ _T "MIM 4 &É ÉLH# M 4M! Ë Ë 4. -& 4 T'P+ " & G + C T' F 4! & " 1 P6-&. 4 / & " ‘
M!#"$ /&( 4 &'+ & $ !°¸„=¤1¦ ”œ• X K !!" X k=l¤ X ! 4 ' ! 4 4. T'&2 &.
" &.& &( 4 & !0"X4 T' " & R& 4 0 & " . ¯U+ '&( /' " &F + + '&( ' Q & 8 4 " &F/ ! TK
‘ !#" a 4
m¬O» V¬ '/
H# M 4M! ! + /'&( ' 45e T e a M f8 4 _L " & ! 4 0 & 4`!" &( _1 4 !/"54 TP " & & 4 / & " K - &N + + &( 4 T &.& " &2H " &
4.!!" /d8 4 "$4 \\& 4 TP+ " & 4 T && " &2H &2/ / $ 0/'&2 "$ 8 4 & "$M H d " & $4 4 &( TP " & &]K¾ &P/ M '&( 4.! + 0 4. 4 & "$M H I " & $4 4 &( TP " &
Q &. ¼ W /T' " &d¦XK–¦.Km¦ G YPK - &\ + + &( 4 T && " &2H " & 4!!#" / 8 4 ' & 4 T'P+ " &
'qT "$4 T]¬' &( / T' " &. &A » &( !Q f&.T "$ &( $%Q &NLT &.& " &2H W ,T /! " &
! + /'&(X+ a /T' " &q¦.Km¦.K–¦ G Y &( /0&(U &. !0"X.4 !" &.K
L K !: º F& # F& J # " # < )> # @
‘ 4 4 4.!!"
' /&( 8 4 RtT " " &. "$4 ' & 4 TP + " & /
" &2 !!/"[eXMI 1$ M '&(
1$Tf JM  M '+ & $ Q &]T&( MI 0/hK i \ L " &T " & a ! MI & 4 TP + " &
4 T && " &2H 4 &.S'+ & $ Nk=l m ”–• z P 4 & MI!.4 " & k=l<m ”œ• z K|À 1 &(/ $U 1$T 4 &G& 4 T'P + " & 4 !#" N z ¢ X z W z ¢ —(Y W &Z + [+ &( " X 4 a 6 4.! & " 1 '0 4N !" YPK ‘ ,+ & $ . !#" X & H !"$4. T'0 &( TP " &fž
z
Ì RY
¢
j
N
=
k
l
N
Y Y V W k=l Y Y
X
¦
K
¥
W
W
Ì
z W ”œ• ‚ Y V ”–•
¢
W ¦XK $Y
X Y
Y Y ¢
X
z
" &.T Y g ž
”œY • „ œ” • ‚ V
$
orq(} W>V v
¢
;MLKL
X
u]u!"%z$#
z
X Y
,E
%'&
¢
z
„ W ”œ• ‚
‘ 4 " 4 " f $B
& & TP+ &
T && &2H 1 &( 1$TF !Q/$/! ¬®¦.Km¦.Km¦ G " &2R T'/ 4R ‘ "$ &(V“ ¡8©«ª K
z
z
¢
N
=
k
l
N
Y Y V W k=l Y Y
¥
W
z W ”œ• ¡8©«ª7Y V W ”œ• 1¡8©«ª7Y
¢
¥
X
Y
Y
Y
”œY • V ‚ Y
W ¦XKœ¹1—$Y
$" 4. N+ T 0 / 4
‘ & $ &0 F!'" ®T] ¬
,+ & & HB ." &Tož
”œY • ¡ˆY ©;ª „ œ” • " ¡ˆ©;ª V W –” Y • V ‚ Y V W ¡ˆY ©;ª V ‚ Y V „ œ” • 1¡8©«ª
o
R=¹
Ì
W ¦XK $ Y
W ¦XKœ¹"‚ Y
W ¦XKœ¹=„Y
W ¦XKœ¹1¦$Y
B" &Ttž
Ì
¢ ¥ „ z ”œ• ¡8©«ª V ”œ• 1¡8©«ª ‚
W ¦XKœ¹ Y
X
§%1NT']1 4 + [+ &T' !Q/MJ'a %Y ”œ•¢ ‚'—=—=—1—G' ¡8©«ª ¢ ‚'—1—=— G! MI* a T " " & 4I 1NT 4 &'+ & $ Q &. ‡T'&( MI /0 Ž° ‚'¦=—rÇ-%&2Pd 6 & * a 1NT
4 &_+ &. r°™¦ _–„£Ç6 & K
‘ !0"X4 " !"
T' & &.] ¯U + &(/ &( 4T' 4Xe 1 4 ] e a M % " &.Tc J!/"54 T«€
" & N& 4 / & " F/ MI"5 + * " & ! '& '&´T "$M! N / '&( 0/ M '&2 !0" $ / 4
T && " &2H Q &.% 6 4.! & " 1 K
¥
K
J
º
^:
" " ( +
#
#+2 J + "
# " , "
- & oT]¬ ! 4 1 &( '' &( TP " &A& 4 TP+ " &.g€ &
8 4 %/ 0" &( 4 5'+ !"4 '/ » - 0"$4 1$ Z4 &. M
' !" &%' " &.T U& 4 / & " KjdT U¯NT' 4 + Q
‘
/ & "$/MI " & "$ &(V“ K
K
º
" " J L
" 2
\:
" &%
4 'T P+ " & 4 / H '& & '+ 8 4 'A8 4 ,+ :
4 6 Mc " & ) F!/"54 TP " &
&U ! NTP L &(1 /3 &TB "$4 U'
‘ 4Q MI *a 8 &( X + ;€ÊT H.0T IT 4 P'+ /' " &F 4 4. 1$NTRL '8 4 " &£¦.K}‚ Ì K i T''//
8 4Q " &G& !. & _!Q Z'&LT "MI! /]L e.! & " & .4 T && " &2H ;' hT % "4 g€ 0 M ] 8 4Q &( X + MI * a T H 8 45 ! '+ /&(/ !"$4 1 "$ / '&2 0 &( d L, + C NT' % 4! & " 1 K
d P1 &( a z ! T "$4 ] cMI * a ;€aT H‘ ) 4B4 &. + !Q /0 4B & & M '&( ! ' ! T#'+ a
J &T'Uy 4 T'&( 4 g»X a M K GMIz * a ' + C T' _ f 4! & " 1 £T "$MM 0 0 H 4 + B0 " & 4 & " &TP " & ž W V y YPK - & ŠT]¬ ! - 4 1 &(.* eX!Q & " & 4
T && " &2H A !./ 0-&qT "$M! /K
‘ M"5 a 'q && " &5H ! + /'&(X+ Q &PTLT]¬ ! ! 0M P !0"X.4 '4T €
'T X + / 0 8 4 4 4 $MIMI K ]& 4 / & " ] " &( !0"X4. Q &hT M"XAa P «€
1 &(%' P+ T' H' ! 'X'+ ?T "$! a & 4 0 & " Gƒ‚'—=— †*K _8 4 '8 4 ' '+ M '&2/
a ! &0 8 4 UT'0 '+ 1 4Q " & f G!0"X4 T' " & f& 4 0 & " P+ Xf
/0&( G
+ 4 € 0 M + K
{ & ! T 4 *,'+ 1 " 4 " & !0" $ / 1 .4 T && " &2H "$ B8 4 / '&( Q &6 ‘ 4.! & " 1 ' 8 4 &( X+ Mc // + C T' E H. "$ Hd+ N&A " &( !Q '+ X+ !/ ^&GT "$M! K T]¬ !. - 4 1 &( ! '+ /'&2/6 M"5 T " & !!#"$ X+ ' 4fMI"5A'a ! /M '0 &( + !#" & 4Xe 8 4 0 " &.U "$4 '1 + 'Z' È& L '0 MI " & 6 F!./"54 T' " & 6& 4 0 & " K
Å)%j % # J + ! º%' & " < ML # " ‘ M"XAa 4 !"$4.
5+
T'I 1 ,¬ a 0 '&( «€ / M! _'+ 1 " 4 + K - &-dT 4 & "$ / !" 0 " & ' ! ¬ " " &%ET "$MM !#"$4 ~Ç ½ ¾—=„"‚ „1—3: !a ‡ R1¦† M"X !0"X4 T' " & ' ! ¬ " " & !"$4./ P MI"5 + K
­%&. !0"X.4 T' " & ! ¬ " " & (MMI !Q ¯'%?»5&T]¬ 0" 0" & W Q &R®T 4MI"5A'a ®Ä ;€
H YR&dN+ T'/ / !"$4. 8 4 ^' ! ¬ " " &- " &( !#" / 5+ % 4 &ŒT]¬ MI! MI & P+ 8 4 &( '&/
"$0" && 6+ P% 4R $ & 0 &T'K
- & _T . 4MI"5Aa 'Ž && " &2H %*,+ M 0 " & !/"MI! /-/-1 " "$ M &( M"X + ‘
½
ƒ‚'—O¹ †LK &(1 0" && M '&( " 4 a DÇ ¾ 0 + M F M"$ &. &0G' ! 4 '+ "$ & + J* " H C P
R:
‘
T " MI!Q T'XT'&( / *K '+ "$ MI / 1 8 4 1 G" &&. 4 a T'' " H C '£T "$MI! T' a 4. * eX! " " & & 4! & " 1 + C T'X+ _MI * a "$4 4 " & 1 KdP// MI * a + C T'X+ "$‘ /M 4 & = 4 "$4 -L,P+ "$ 5P ,¬q­ & B* eX! " " & '& 4! & " 1 F" & /
TR1$'&([K 4MI* a M H &( 0 0 H 4 + " 0"$! 8 4 M &( Q & 1&(dPd& " & !#" / 5+ $
!#"$4 /5+ 4Xe + & $ !QZ &( / T' " &D "$M! " &DÀ &(1$ / W Àg^¼Y !Q + NT' /" &. ! + 0&( Q &. ! MI% T &.& " &2H K1dNT QMJ'a & / a *,+ M 0 " & 4 &F 4 4 $MIMI " M '&(
!#" 0 5£+  ‚—O¹ †  ‚3— :†LK
‘ " / 4 "
T &( H &™Àg^¼ '+ T' 0" &G 4 ' ! ¬ " " & + C T' 4! & " 1 ` 1 '+ X+
'+ 1 4 + xT "$MM d "$4 i€ "MI & &( Q &‡ S† 4F!/" &( / T' " &. & 4 TP+ " &"€ & 4 TP+ " &AK=d'0 ¬ + T]‘ ¬ '0/dT "$0 T' 1NT^ '0/ 4! & " 1 Mc ! 1$T^ = T X+ ! 4 Ž¬ 4 ƒ‚'—O¹ †LK c!./"54 T' " & & 4 0 & " Q &.B' &(/ T' " &U& 4 TP+ " &"€ & 4 TP+ " &_'&2‘ hT && " & €
H .P 4.! & " 1 -!"$4./ &. !Q ^' !Q T 4 * a M &( MI"5 + K B!/"54 TP " &
6& 4 0 & "FQ &.‡T')& "$4 1$ 4MI"5Aa "4 T' MI"5Aa B 4. € M  M 5&6/ /" &( !Q H "$/ + ! 4 M '&2 Q &XT' " T 4M &(^8 4 ' !!4 f 4 M"XA'a N+ T / Q &^ + [+ &T'D †
 S†  ‚—=—† Pdƒ‚'—.‚† 'U8 4 1 '&2 }' ! '+ /'&2X+ K
RSR
R
" # !%$ &
!
‘ MI"5 " !!#"$
'
T &
X+ ' 4 M"XAa !. + 0&(X'+ Q &PTT]¬ !. !"$ '&2 4 ',T 0! " & * &( TP " &E'&2 I£T &.& " &2H P + C NTP c 4! & " 1 K ' " &2 '+ X+
Ì ' &. ! &( 4 M"XA'a '
+ 5'+ 1$TIL,P+ /" hT " H "$ " & .K ½ K Á 4 HH 0
T]¬ " T &( & 4 M"XA'a d Ä 'H W 1 "$ ! ! ¬.¦.K XK G Y " 4 a C P '0 X+ T "$MM 4 &=+ T "$4 M &(T " &( & 4f MI * a K d' N+ T "$4 M &( '0^T " &0 4 + ŽT "$4 T]¬. 8 4 & " &( ! "$ T# + M &( "$4 NM M 1 '//I' ! 4 1$'&( &( -!#"$46!/" 1 " 8 4 '®T]¬ " T &( &'
/
4 4 4 T 0! " &UT "MI! 'a / 4JM"5 a B & : R Y K
‘ '+ &d+ M"5&( %a - 4 W 4 & (?M
McN4 &()'dT]¬ " T &(/ &. ' "$!.!" 0&( a T 4Xe 8 4 !/"
f /
!#" /'&2 '^T]¬ " TR e &' " 4 a ' &( TP " & " &(R 4 &( 4 & C PR' 4 & M 4 e X+ / 4 K
‘ M"XAa ' && " &2H )'0 4 & MI"5A'a PT]¬ " T' e &'KoÀ !! à ‰T ! & Q &( &
! & H G '& T "$M! lT]¬ " T &( &f8 4 / P+ 1$ "$!! &( a * &(X+ / 4M M 4 T && " &2H a L "$!.!" 5+ hT]¬ " T &( &'Z&( 4Xe T && " &2H ¯R+ &( 'Kn­U& 4 ¯U + &.T& " HF]8 4 & MI"5A'a Ä H f4 + " 4 4 4 $"$4 1$ & + !Q &( /0 M &( 4cC ' A & -8 4 I MI!4 " & / 4 ' &( / T' " &.
&( PT "$4 T]¬' Q &.] C P " &( !#"$4"$0 $ &^ MI" 4. T'&( / 4 4. 4 [K§ L &(1$ / 4 + 4 4 4 Q &. MI"5A'a ' &.& " &2H T " &( " P'+ !Q M" 4 &(/ &. "$ 8 4 MI!.4 " & '+ 4 &( 4 &( // M '&( 4^C P W '‡T && " &5H YPK
‘
‘
^Ì ?T#+ & /".4EM"XAa "$/ $ & ®T &.& " &2H - !/ Q &6 " & '&/ M H‘ K /NT
" & K % '1 &( 4. 'xT TPX+ / 8 4 .4 T &.& " &2H P 4 % 4! & " 1 K !T]¬ " T
&(/ &. Q &. )T && " &2H + & + &(U '" & &2/ 0M + 3 W + C a '+ 1 " 8 4 + !Q ' 4 4 Y
‘
" &2 &2 /"54 Q &I /T' " & Ì K 5K "$4 MI"5 + " & 8 4 C T #+ + % & 8 4 * 4 " & !/" Ì MM ‘ ' = '#
! Q &%®T . rT' M"XA'a Q " &( N+ T / /
Q &.^ !Q $/! ¬ K–¦XK &2/ / T' " &]& 4 TP+ " & & 4 TP + " & 'F !0"X4 T' " & &. 4 / & " " &2 !Q M Ì '+ + 'E³TP// !Q M '+ / " &G'0 N+ T / Q &6 !Q $ ! ¬ Ì K Ì K & & Q &
0NTP " & Kœ¹c " &( !. + 0&(X'+ ®T <T 4 !!0"[e.Mc %8 4 ! /M '0 '&2 XT "$M! '& F ¯U + &.T&( ) '+ 4 / " HX & 4 !Q ' 4 4 U'‡T' 4XeJ!0"X4. 1$ThT''//)& "$4 1$'
',T 0! " & K
6
54
)(
* 0
17
/6
84
6
:6
94
,
'
+*-,/. 10
32 32
<;
=2
?> [email protected] 7
R
7
'
7
‘
‘
f?T#+ & /"_"$/ $ & 4 M"5 a !./ Q &F " & &(X + $ X+ K f?T#'+ & /"_ N+ T / 4
!Q/$/! ¬_¦XK–¦ '0R M M BPR* 4 " & - 4 ®¦.K '0/B1 HK"­%& ,T /! " &
*,'+ 1 " 4 " & 4 T &.& " &2H & '0 4! & " 1 0 !0"$!" 5+ I')' &( / T' " &.
& 4 TP+ " & & 4 TP+ " &8 4 & '+ 4 '&2% " &2 &2 /"54 'K
- &~T''// !Q !Q/MJ'a 4 5+ !#"$4R + T 0 _T && " &5H W Ì K K YdPZ 4.! & " 1 W Ì K K $Y & 8 4 ' M"5 T " & !.!"$ X'+ 4 T IT 4 ‡T TPX+ 0 8 4 ' '
+ C T' 6 4! & " 1 " &( ! '+ /&(X+ 'K
7
6
,,
, =2
2WMAv ?cW>A?Ou8NCOu NU; vIV";(@KO u8N STAKV,J uR [uLJ]uLT? JAvKuR 98uwR vyuLT?IV u O JK;\L N Ou STA uO WMLNOu [KOd;M=wusO uFLKW - J]uFObP W(@ g
ue? STA u OQP W>L =eWMLN VdJu( vOu u N ?u8R =:vIV ?u LVXLJV"=wuu?CO uvKuR 98uwR vyuLT?IV u O=u N ?CVXLJV"STA,u5R uLbu [ W>NI;\LT? B !$#"#% u N ?CO u 9<;[email protected]?yuA v
J]u 7&WvyuLT?'& J]u Od;(&WMLu J]u =*)KW= sW>AJKA,+.-0/!1*-243 .57698s JK;ML NaOuJvKuR 98uwR vyuLT?IV u O JA = ;\LKLKW>L @ ;\O"OdG:q > VZOuJvKueR 9ju(R vOu L>?IV u O
LZP u N ?a[ ;MN,V"L JVdSTA`u R O";(U ; vIVd;@KOu u8N0? JW>LKL,u(R uYJ ;\L N,OuhvKuR 98uwR vyuLT?IV u O J]u Od; N AK[uwvILKW0U; ;\A vOu [WTNYB :" W>A $ #% N W>LT?
OQP0u R L uwvyxMVuCJA=;MLKLKWML @ ;MOXO`ue? O u 9<;M=e?Ou A vYJ u 7ZWrvOu LT?'& J u Od;;& WML u J]u =*) W = JK;\LN Ou3v uR 98uwR vyuLT?cVuOZJ u Od; NcAK[uwvILKW0U;>G s
NI;\A9 [ WMA v Ou N<U ; vIV";(@KO u8NaJ`u8R =:vIV=U ;\LT?aOd; ?I;MVXO"O u J]u ObP W(@> ue? [email protected]? :" WMA A $ :% N W>L>? Od;gO"WML x>A uAv JA*=;MLKLKWML @ ;MOXOJK;\L N
NcWML vKuR 98uwR vyuLT?IV u O sTWMA)O";gJ uL NcV ?Ku R J]u O";(& WML u J]u =*K) W= JK;ML NaN W>Ljv uR 98uwR vyuLT?cVuO G q
%
M
j$('$('
%
)+*-,/.01023054.6(6
‘ ^MI
/0 .4 T & & " &2H U 4!!#" 5+ !/" T]¬ ‰T 4 & ! P " H C P% ' t ž
ICBEDGF
Ì K Y
a _" X
W
X k=l ¢
#HJI
&( U* " H C PxT "$M!Q T'T'&( / ;' + H 4 + C N‘ TP 6 % 4! & " 1 WLK .MdY Q '+ /& R " &
" &G / C ' 1NT 4 &.]1 '/0 E
NPHJO I7Q K "$ 08 4 1$ /^ 0/ 4! & " 1 '+ /& c 1$NT 4 & 1 0/ .3 (
NRS4O T4U Q !K V B. 0 &T' R* " H C PT'&2 $ " & / » " & 'W K k=l Y
Q &.U " & + [+ '&2 ' !/"$!. 6RW
,
'
Z\[
K k=l W Y7X K M NP\Z Y [
,...
,
N^]C_a`
Ì K Y
V K M Y
W
W
k=l W Y
" 4 a K .MJ'0 M ' 4 + Q & + + '&( ' 4! & " 1 R46 !#" [P Sk=l W Y7X `k=l W YbNGk=l W YPK
‘ " !T && &5H D8 4 Q &\ " & + [+ '&2 ' %4 &. "$0M !0" T0c 4 &d ! c a D X+ T "$MM 4 &qT»5 & » " & K k=l P 6 " & 4 4;d k=l fK e F '& X6+ ." &T9W
Ì KJh$Y
X k=l d
k=lgX
W
K Yk=l k=l
!
‘ " $4 4Z4 " & T && &2H & -'0 !./ 0 ] "$ ]8 4 ^1 " 4.M 4 T4i5 & ] "$ J+ ( 4 1 " 4M ! c a / i " & K k=ljW
Ì
=2
d
h ! K k=k l X ! Ì K =kY l k=l
d k=l X K =k l
h
‘ "$ 6!0"$!Q ( " " $4 4 MI !Q
U
& $ & W i " &;Y 0!T " &2 TPX + !Q '&( ;Z.4 T && " &2H Q & + [+ &( U ;" &ŠT0c " 8 4 '+ KbV & !!" 4 T &.& " &2H a " & i " & '+ 1 " 4 9W
d k=l W Y
X mk=l lk K k=l W Y
" 4 a K k=l W Y '0 " && + !Q *,+ 8 4Q " & Ì K32XK
Ì Ì
W K Y
T 4 ‘ "
'
U " & $4 4.
.
17
Ì
W \K nY
5 Ì K ,
j$('$
B !( "! ( "! !%"$ ! ! # "!
)+. >AD1EF*?;G02 Hh.
6
‘ ^MI
/0 .4J 0/ 4! & " 1 Z 4!!#" 5'+ P e N"$M M &. X a +
WT
M X *B
X
16
I
,/. X98
N+ T 0" 1NTc f &T' a L " H C ' ‰T'&2 ‘
* + 8 4Q " & h.K$YPK ^Mc 0/- " 6
4.! X
.M X
X
-
h K k.M
K . M [ Y
W
Ì
W K-:$Y
[
0 " & 4 &.I "$ !4 / &T& W Y +
& " 1 '0R W
(
-,1 1
W K RY
W K"$Y
W K $Y
!V B" &T- ^ & X+ .4J 0/ 6 4! & " 1 a X K M QRW
X W - V h(Y X K Mk.M
W K Y
" 4 a I + $" &'&( )* " H C PŽT'&( / P K .M 0B 4!! !#" 5)+ 1 MI * a 6'- 6 h.K ‘ / i " &
&(/ &. ' + C NT' ) % 4! & " 1 K .M '+ XN
4 + a `_-:ja g ^T M ! 4 / 4 W 1 "$
+
P
+
1
!Q/ $/! c h.=K h.K H G YPK '0 !Q/M P+ + !Q W
Y
K .M X I `_ :ba g T M
W K
‘ 4 Mc *a a &.T G' e.!./M !Q W
8 &( X+ 0 &( 4 F
,/.
,
,/.
57
2
M W Y7X
* 0
,/.
2
,,
K . M [ Y
,2
W K Y
!
‘ $ MMI
a M * a + C NTP F W Y T F
^ '& X + W !Q 4 & X + )
4 'T Y c
.4 ! & " 1 (& a L 1 (& 4 T &.& " &2H '0 + & !Q W
X
W Y
X
X
-
K .M [ K V+, M K .M [ + g
,
,
W K $h Y
,
W K Y
V"$MI!Q Z 4]* ,+ 8 4Q " " & K , 4 P 1$ T" " & $4 4!QZ 0X+ & 4Q " 4& ! 5 " l B ! c " " & -a Q!Q&- &
& &£T IT i & & &.T R & 1 ( &.T
6 8 4 B / i " &&. M &( $MIMI]4 T && " &2H ! 4 U,N+ T0c !! K
V
`K X K .M -- V+h, K X .M M5 l (
W K , nY
! Y
‘ "
c
I
M
4
!
"
&U&( 0/ & 1 & X+ MI" i && '- " & i " & ] / & 7
!Q &T' #& ! 4 1$'&2 '6 rT IT 4 P'+ U8 4 ] - .h K "$4.% ')- & [+ / 4 Q / i " & ) / & 7
!Q &T'60R e !" P+ "T "$MM % M" &( B $4 K=25Kb%
V
1NT6 " &T' " & . - V g T W 2- Y
" & ! 4 a * 4 & C04 0/ M &( '+ / 0MI & 1 4.)4 i " & c / & !Q '&T !"$4.
a 4
')- .h K ‘ !Q/MJPa ‰T' C04 M &( + ! & &( 4J !.!"$ ‹T '0 I
6
5
‘ T " &
!!" T'/ 4 K
‘
T]8 4. ! '+ /'&2XF
+ 4 ! $4. K=h. K
" &(U' !Q MJ' a g- # '%
." &( & + ! ' & '&2 !/" 1
i " & & !Q &.T^
K
'&2 4 & C04 M '&2
& '+ 1 4 ]+ 8 4 B8 4 R tr ( × 10
14
cm)
Rtr
10
10
3
2
10
2
32
4
6
8
10
12
n (fMsn/fRsn 2=1)
) ! !#" ! "$$ " &%'9()!*%+" (!
&1!*). !2%+"34 !% )/" -65 ' 7' !() 0%+"
K A1
A0
! ,-".!*)/"%+" !.' "(0!# ".!
8 ,(
X
Y A2
-1.5
4000
-2
3500
3000
-2.5
p0
-31.46
p1
0.01625
p2
28.62
0.3
0.25
2500
2000
0.2
-3
p0
p1
p2
1500
1000
500
555.5
0.8632
-37.43
-3.5
0.15
-4
p0
1.534
p1
0.02734
p2
-1.33
0.1
0
0
2
4
6
8
KJh !:90'!.;"(".!<%+""!
V!#"$!Q4 10
2
fMsn/fRsn
0
2
4
6
8
10
2
fMsn/fRsn
,(>.=" -""!?%+"? 1& !*). !
8 %+"
Y CB
0
2
. - V g T W 2
5
4
6
8
10
2
fMsn/fRsn
- -Y 5 ' @A""! () .N!
.4c i " & U & !Q &T' 5 B '& X+ I
M " i$'&& Pd $ MMI " (& xT I T 4 .H ‘ ^ M"
-2D XK
& X+
i$'&&0 W
5
` [
- V Y
l
K
W
g
+
X
W K :$Y
M M
2
K
+,
2
K
,
,
'U $ MMI Z'0ŠT <T 4 P+ 1$T)L,'+ 8 4 " & K K
"4 - X
M 0 /fPI " &
'0 N 4.! & " 1 ."$ 1 "$ F4 & i " & e & & 7K e c
$/MIMI % " &( " && + !Q W
,
X M X
!
K . M
!
K . M
X
X
W Y
[
W Y V
;
, 2
[
Y+
K .M
K .M
;
,
W K RY
K Y.M
,
Y
W K $Y
,
W 0- W 7Y V - W Y/Y
‘ c *a " "$ !#"$4
& ' &
P ) /
gX
` 1$NT W Y
1$T)f+ 8 Q4 " &. K FP K T68 4 MJa & a *,+ 8 4QK " & W
6
,
=2 .
2X
!
X
M K Y M X K `Y Y K .M
5
!
@
X
5
W K $Y
W K Y
l KMiB&G& + 4. =2 .
=2 ,
W K Y
V $L " 4 & .' + 1/ "MI!! M '&( MI X + B L eX! " &.&( " " & " HX '&( 4 &J+ 8 Q4 " & .4 /NT " & + &(U ,T
& &( '0 KV & - X
& W
X V
.
2
#
X
#
' U
$/MIMI W Y P1 &(RW
2!
X
.M
K `Y K . M
2 5 l
=2 2
W K Y
K . M
=2
X
l K .M - W'K ` Y V - W Y H6wDj7 B D +B> A> D1E ;IH
W Y
X K K Y ` M
Y
,
+V ,
5 W K Gh$Y
~T && " &2H Q‘ &( & 0/ U 4! & " 1 ) 1NT 4 &N+ & $ Njk=l X Z\[ X k=l " 4 a Z\[
" & TP 4 "$‘ &( & *K &( '& 4. ' H "$ H# Mc // 4! & " 1 8 4 0
! + /'&( P1 &(d 4 K 'd& 4 TP+ " &. 4 T &.& " &2H #PT 45e H "$ H + U 4! & " 1 T " &(1$ /0&( 4 + &. qT & '+ 8 4 J'& + &. f c /M 8 4 "$ 08 4 !!./" T0c&( * + 8 4 H *,+ & $ ! /4 U1 )Q &.d 6!0"X4 T' " & W!" &d~T && " &2H 4 / '&2 0 &( Y K!%&/" !Q 4X e !U
" &_T0c '+ !#"$4-4 & !" & & 4 !0"X4. [K
&_0T c + '& % 1NT&(1 & V !.! /"[eX" MI 1$ M '4 &2 BMMI"$" + RL,'+ !&! $ "$4 !"$" /&.M & '& 4 '+ &0 " $ c 0MI 8 4 ! + + Q &
_T && &5H * B+ ',+ T0c
&(Z 6& & 'K
e ŠT && " &2H H. "$ H 4 & MI /0 T H.
4c !#" Q &.d + + '&( ' B 4! & " 1 X
* + &. 4 i50 a M ; 4 T 4 && 4 0 & " &A !0"X.4 .RW
‘
;
7
7
" X
W Nk=l X Y Y V W k=l
" 4 a k=lS* M!4 " & " & $ 4 & 4 T & & " &2H *K ‘ & 0 W
:]C_a` X N k=l " X
!h
YY
=2
W K Y
T' 4^ ‘ "$ &( N4 i5 a M ;
=2
W K !nY
e " ; $'d4& 4 0 &
" " &2 ! 0"X4. % MI!#"$ &( 4 & N+ & $ U " 5NR & 8 4 4 & M!4 " &
& R " .'U- iX a M & ^4 .& '+ & $ 9W
& ‘
' 4 & TP 4.U " X
"$ &( ; W
=2
W Njk=l X V NR Y Y V W k=l V Y Y
Njk=l
:]C_a` X
'&
V NR
X "
4 &( L !.!/"[eXMI " & U
N > _' Nk=l > k=l
i5 a M W 8;Kfh.K=h Y " H. '& 4 !Q 4 .4 K -',+ T
"
>
*, . . 0 '
2 X
W K :$Y
=2
W K SRY
C ' 0"$4 1 L,'+ & $ & 4
0 RW
8
h X =k Y l
I* ci !#" c a 0NU'
Njk=l
‘
- &‰TI8 4 4 \& "$4 ]& "$4 / &T0c / " & K
i2 a M '0ŠT <T 4 P+ 1$T)L,'+ 8 4Q " & K :.K
! 4 \ " & &( /M + + C a P+ 1 " 8 4 + '0 .! / 0 d‘ '&XT "$M! Q &. T " & 4 T && " &2H Q &U* + C T' I 4! & " 1 K 0 /4 TP 4 ‰TP / Q &.U /NTP " &N 4 1 &2/K
32
;
=2
W K $ Y
,+ & $ & 4
<T 4 %!./" $ " &.)'0 . ,T 4 X'+ 7
;
‘ "$ 4
/8 U^T && " &2H ! '+ & 'a U R 4! & " 1 ( & 4 T'P+ " & R 4. T' 1 &( 4
T && " &2H &( /$ //'&( 1$NTXT' 4Xe '- C NTP ) 4! & " 1 K d 45e T " &( TT#+ P+ + BP-'
& 4 TP+ " &. 4 T &.& " &2H " &2 / '&( 'K ' !" &B& 4 -P®T0c + - " &2 !/"54 a T''//
&(/ T 1 &( "$4 T0c " T 1 &([K ' H' '+ T' 0"$MI & P+ 8 4 ' & + ' !Q / i " &&
M &( ( MIMI]!0" 1& &2 - N+ T /"$ / &T ' !." &d& 4 ';,'+ /& '&(Z 4 8 4 8 4 " & $4 4 &2/ / T' " & W
KmT M Y a 4 T' 4 T &.& " &2H *K dNT T " & 4. a T + 4 & " & &( /M + B&( 6R& 4 T'P+ " & .4 T && " &2H &A i &( !Q R&T "$ &(/ $ 'U
'0/ 6 4! & " 1 K
d 4 B& 4 T'P + " & 4 T && " &2H &( //'&(-& &T " &( &26%& 4 TP+ " & ! 4 Z&( TP// " & &2/ 0M + 3 oT0c 4 + J' &./ + ( M &( !! P+ " &. qT0c " T "‘ 4 !!
"$ '&2
"#" T a ! J& & F& + [+ &.T a "$0M N a & !Q T " &( T' " & Q &. W + [+ '&2 ' G 4.! & " 1 4 !" YPK %&[0T c " T 0/* a J/ P+ 1$ "$!! K eX " & '
TP 4. ‘ "$ '&2 ' & 4 TP+ " & 4 T && " &2H P I " & &( /M + !" &.
! 4 1&( ' !./"54 / W Mc !Q "$4DC0"$4. Y a TP// &(/ T W &( B‡T && " &2H P " &
&(/ /M + .3 Y >K V * &( T' 1 &( $L &( / T' " & & 4 T'P+ " & T''0 " &^0T c " 8 4 + ^T " &2 /
4
a TNT#+ P + 6& 4 TP+ " & 4! & " 1 K d'0 P+ 1 " 4 " & 4 + ^ 4. ‘ H $4.'&( "
4
a
"
!
Q
K
Ž‘ T && &2H '0 + 0&(X + & + + '&( ' Z 4! & " 1 ^4c !#" 'K T " &2 TP " & ‘ "$ &( 8 4 ‘ ! Z ! c a 4 T &.& " &2H ! 4 M "$ Z&A iG'0 ! ! '+ /'&2X+ K TP 4. " &( - R& 4 TP+ " &. .4 T && " &2H '0%$ Z\[ X&$('!) P~T' 4A & 4 TP+ " &. ) " & &2/ 0M + 3 B'0%
$ l '!* W ,+ !"4 !Q &T . - [YPK
4 7
,/. . .
4
;
2.
4
;
;
;
6
;
-* ,/. 0 4
?;
;
&
;
*)
J
7
;
;
;
7
4
/103246574987:,4<;=4<> > @?1AB4;B4C B?=C1D D43EF5G8749HJI57K [email protected]:,49A15M:,ILH(I1;BIN=5BP
O4 @O4 5QILA15G;=?LABAR6
O4 SUTWV KJHXAB4E9V IYLKZ5[NI1E[;=4<[email protected]@TBHJE
;\V ?LA;B49E];=46C [email protected]:,[email protected]];=K^[email protected]
`B032(I6NB8Q?=;=TC5QKZ?1Aa;=43ENBKJ?LAbE IcHdV [email protected] [email protected]@5;=4kEiT8iefI1Cg4LlmIHJ?L8_EnSUTB4GHJIcNB8Q?m;BTC5QKZ?1Aa;=49EoNBKJ?LAE
I<HdV [email protected]@4kIL878QK [email protected][43EF5]TBAp4gjq4g5G;=4 L?LHJTB:,4L0
*)
@
9
r
les nucléons SN
accélérés par le choc
avant
les nucléons CB
ralentis par le choc
arrière
CB =
in
choc
SN ~ 1
!!#!/ ".!#" %+" " ="&A '" A" "!!#!/ ".!/" ! %! 4 " 91"h". %+"&
.' ".!# 5 -" " $".!" %!A""" -".! ". %+".' "0!# '-" " !'!".""$ !%+"
.' ".!# #$!<"h"". $" " "?A" " =" "! 5 ".6A" !'!".""$ ! %+"%!#" B %+"p" ="&$!'A".!(
" Aa
" " =""))=" /" ! "/!". !%+" ! -".!(%' "!!#!/!#4 " . "*-" ."$ "+.', -/.',-"
B
B
410243-50 67"8:9<;840=K8406>@?A7BK >0C2:3C;8:9(=,D9(;"[email protected]=8:;EK =;E2FC50 0=7"8 V HG 7$8&0CD,V HG 0IK J L4K ?A7M>7$62 * ,/. . 0N ;OKK J
?(0M=7"637 0P6RQS02TDM7 D840VU 0W?(7 ;"60V30c;FU 50 0 ' N D3"QS02TDX06Y2:K 0V=?(7 3Z7$6[D>7"K 62#?(0M8FC50 \ZC50 8:0C6[D:9(0C?]7
;
K
8:0C=^;"2_>0X3C0CD4D0 ;E60`U 0?(0#aW;F>b0J ?<0#7c50 D,
50 8:0C=8:9<2 0Dd?A7V=8:;F> 3D9<;E6e>060 D:8:9<6;E2f02TD9<agC50 0 h nHo
k bk
i Tj%kl j%mk pqnr's 'tvubw/x'y"zv{u r w'| r |Fxbz t { r u s
‘
0c
7
7 3C9(6~C50 a}7 D9(U K 0`>02#3 ;,3C27 $7"6€D#0D7"848:90CJ 8:0`024D%>1C50 D:08:aW9(6~50 0B=7$8‚?A73;E62408T"7 D9(;"6ƒ>0B?Q„9<a
}
N
= K ?<2:9<;E6 ,9q9<?^6RQ }7B=7"2&>0‚=8:;F> K 3D9(;"6 >0%60 K D849(6;"2 =; K 8 K 6†3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?R7 €7"6€D K 60#>062:9<D,50
€‰ 0CD K 6Š50 L 03D 7‹C50 Œ€7"?(0Ca0C6€D1>0‚>06249<D,%
€‰ N ?<0‚8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?^>0
3;"624D7"6€D0Wˆ
50 3;E624D 7$6[D:0Wˆ
?A7 ;E60X>03 ;F3X0C24D_>~50 Ž69O=7"8f?QC50 U K 9(?(9<‡8:0‚>RQ„9<a= K ?(249(;E6
P‘
W‘/’
'!)
ˆ ‰
“ '!) W” '!)
“ ’ W”•’
ˆ E‰
W”
;bK J “ $ /–
0D
0C24Dd?(7Ma}B7$˜2:™2:š 0#™ >0%2 K =0846; $7W; K >0#3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?q7"‡24;E8:‡~C50 0#>7"62f?(7 ;"60
‰ N aW02 K 8FW
3 ;FU K 50 006 K 6‹D0Ca=2`>;"66~—
50 ˆ
50 >7"62`?(0P8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?]>0?(7 ;E60W3 ;FU K 50 0 › 7
e
;
LN^]'_ ` X
0c
.
X
X
,
X
0c
i
M
X
W
M
M
;
]
a7"2:240D:87"624\Z50 8F50 0X>7"62d3C0CD:D:0
W”
; ;E600C24DRW
Xœ K
i
.
'!)•ž
BŸ
X
œ
K
“
'!)•ž
Q
]
B˜ ™š ™
0c
h
2.
;
ˆ h,‰
K Z3 7"66;E6[‡7"?(? N 0CD BŸ 0C24DX?A7†>9<24D7"630P=7$8:3; K 8 K 0P=7$8X?Q„;"6>0V>0P3 ;F3
;bK J '!)¡0C24DX?(0V8:7 E;E6‹
>
B˜ N
N
=06>7$6[D K 60%> K 8F50 0
>$7 62&?(0¢8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?R>0%?Q50 L 03D 7B; K >7$62&?(0‚8FC50 \ZC50 8:0C6[D:9(0C?q> K 37"66;E6[‡7$?(?
7ZE0C3
VŸ
B˜
“ B˜ ™š ™
ˆ ‰
i
K
9W
0CD
X N Q
W
B˜
]
X Q
X
0c
h2
]
B˜ ™š ™ £
$
ˆ h!h ‰
'+6‹3C;EK aB‡9<67"N 6€K D30C20¤,=8:0C2:249(;E62`;E6¥D84; K EK 0 N 7eJ =7"84D:9(8%>0P; ?(7 K 8:0?(7$D9<;E6 2 †>0P3;E62:08T$N7$D9<;E6Y>0
?QS9(aW=
?<2:9<;E6
60X8:0?(7$D9<;E6e06€D840`?<02f\7"3D0 8:2‚>0 › ;E8406€D
r
n
0c
7 ¤e3 ;,3C2%7Z$7"6€D‚0D‚7$8:8:90J 840 >7"62¢?<0
8F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?b>0?A7
; ;E6030c;FU K 50 09W
“ ’ Šž ’
gX
M
“ '! •
) ž '!)
n
M
ˆ ;
;
7
M
la pression CB se
termine quand tout le
matériel CB est dans
la zone de choc
SN
>
‰
0c;,3 ›
7 ŽŒ K 840 &a;"6[D:8:0+?<0+3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?€0D'?A7&2 K =^0C8:6; $7¢>7$62O?(0]8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?€>0]?A7 ;"60]>0]3
› &
6 K 3?50 ;E62`>0P?(7e2 K =08:6;v[email protected]€D8406€DM>7"62X?(0 ;"609<6€D084agC50 >9A7$9(8:0M7ZE0’ 3 K 6Y\7"3CD:0 K 8>0
2 K =150 849(0 K 8; K 50 ŒE7"?d7 K \7"3CD:0 K 8P>0 › ;E8:0C6[D > K 2 K 8:2:7 K DŒ€7"aWa}7gˆ $
D $
3;"?(?(9<2:9<;E62_6 K 3?C50 ;E6 6 K 3?C50 ;E6¥U K 92CQ„0C6‹2 K 9<"06€D2:;E6€D 7 J K 60cC50 6084ŒE9(0M‡9(0C6Y7 K >02:2 K 2> K
=84;,> K 3CD9<;E6e>02d=9<;E62 ;
h
7 :]C_a`
;
0C2
;
E
:
8
C
0
[
6
D
›
€‰ › 0C2
2:0 K 9(?>0
,/. . .
out ~ 1000
CB ~ 2
choc=1
la pression SN
continue après que
tout le matériel CB
soit dans la zone de
choc
un nouveau
choc arrière se
développe
n
¡ !!#!/ ".!#" %+" " =" %!7A"X"" -".! ". %+"7V!#" %+" " ="
B
41K ;EaWa0‚?A7M>0C62:9 D,K #50 >0C2†50 L 03D 7B>N 0#2 K =08:6K;v$7P02TDd=? K 2~\;7"9(‡?<K 0‚>0#=? K 249(0 K 8:2&;E84>8:0C2f>K 0#ŒE8:K 7"6>0 KK 8
U 0—?(7¥>06249<D,
50 > 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<? ?<0e\7$3CD0 8W>0 › ;E8406€D 7 30c;,37"848:90CJ 8:0e02TD}‡0Z7 3; =Š=? 2
N
=0CD9 D&U K Q„7 K 30c;F3#7Z"7$6[D ?q=0 K D 0C6 D840%06 7 >0C2:2:; K 2d> K 2:0 K 9(?^>0#=8:;F> K 3D9<;E6 >0C2f=9(;E62 240?<;E6†?(0C2
=7"8:7"a0CJ D8402d> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?b0CD_>0?A7B2 K =08:6;v$7 i,=9(U K 0aW06€D N ?(0`30c;F3B7"848:90CJ 8:0`7$D:D:09<6[D¢?QS0¤FD:8F50 aW9<D,`50 > K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?7Z$7"6€D%U K 0`30? K 9 7 39O60`2:;E9 D
i
K `
‰ › ;"8:2:U K 0M?(0X3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?
=7"8TE0C6 K 7 K 87 ";E6¥>0`D:87"62:=7"84063C0M> K 8:02TD0B>0M?A7P2 K =^0C8:6; $7¥ˆ
N
N
K
K
K
K
2:0D84; "0`>7$62¢3C0CD4D0X2:9<D 7$D:9(;E6 ?(02d6 3C?50 ;"62‚> 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?O;E6€De50 D,
50 \8:0C9(6~C50 2 0CD¢9(?q6RQ 7P=? K 2
>06 K 3?C50 ;E62B>9(2:=;E69<‡?(0C2`=; K 8X3;"6[D:8:0C‡7"[email protected] K 7"6€D9<D,}
50 >RQS9(aW= K ?<2:9<;E6Y06€D8:7"6€D0‹7—
J ?Q 7Z$7"6€D N K
N
N
K
K
‚9<62:9 [email protected]; E0C?(?<0†;E6>0e>0†3 ;F3e2:0e>~50 E0?<;E==0
3;EaWaW06 37"6€D—7¥
J ?Q„7 $7"6€DP> 37"66;E6[‡7$?(?
N
3;"aaW0#9(?<? K 2TD8F‚
50 2 K 8d?A7BŽŒ K 8:0 K 9<$7"6€D_?(02f=7"87"[email protected] D:8:0C2†50 D K >950 2 =? K 249(0 K 8:2f;E6>02_>03 ;F32
=0 K "06€DfD8:7 "0842:08f?<0¢37"66;"6F‡7"?(?^7Z"7$6[D&U K Q„9<?^6RQ„7"9 D&7$D4D0C9(6€D&?<0¢8:7 ";E6†>0_D87$62:=7$8:0630#> K 8402TD0
>02 K =^0C8:6; $7 V
0c
o
i
k
e
0c
i
|,ye't uRw/x'y"zv{u r w'| r |FxOzZt${ r u s
7;
0c
J ?Q„9<6€D08T\7"30Y2 K =^0C8:6; $7
;E60 3 ;FU K 50 0
G 7$62e?(0Y3Z7"2e;bK J >0C260 K D849(6;"[email protected];E6€D—=8:;F> K 9<D:27g
N
‰
‰
ˆ 7P
J ?Q„7Z$7"6€D 0CD $; K 7P
J ?QS9(6€D:084\7$303Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<? ;E60#3 ;FU K 50 0†ˆ 7P
J ?Q„7"8:8490J 840 ?(0C2eC50 U K 7$D9<;E62 W0D
K
J ?(7 ;E60&>0f3 ;F3&02TD]>9(aW9(6 K C50 01>0f?Q„9<a= K ?(249(;E6
24;E6€D]a;F>9<Ž150 023Z7"8?Q„9<a= ?(249(;E6#D8:7"624a9<2:0`7%
0aW=;E84D,50 0#=7"8d?<02f60 K D849(6;E2 102e50 U K 7$D:9(;E62_>0CF9(0C6606€D
’
‘
‘ '!)
‘/’ – ‘
–
'!)
ˆ ‰
’
W

”
’
W

•
”
’
'!) ‰ “
‰ “
ˆ –
'!)
'!)
ˆ –
ˆ ‰
h.
7;
4
,
0c ;
X
,
0c
M
RW
2
M
M
hn
X
M
M
h
0324A?LT>149IT<C*)[email protected]@ 8Q4nAB4][email protected]];O4 L49HZ?1NBNb498;IAEXHJ4 [email protected]?LA ILHZH I hIAU5SUTB4RHJ4 > > C*)B?=C;B48Q4g5Q?LTB8 D D dC*)B?=C
E74[NB8Q?LNILYL43IAU5o;=4GHdV I m5Q8B9O4 :,K^5BO4 I8Q87K 49 874 ;=T [email protected] ILHZH [email protected]_EH V I ILAU5 C3
/ 1*2 A4ME7?LKZ5RIL878QK=oO4 Ic HdV I hIAU5;BT
[email protected]?1A bIHJHd0 o46C*B) ?=Ck;=4 8Q4g57?1TB8RAWV I,[email protected] 5Bk
O4 NB8QKJER49A [email protected]?L:,N=5Q4L0
'
$(
r
"!$#
&%
! "a" =""))=" -"")) " 7
= 4 ""V"@ %' "!!#!/ "!O '" /" ". 'F 3"!#4 "V" "._" %+"7W.' "0!# '+! !#',"' " ="%$" %d" ".A \ " = 4 "[email protected]%' " !!#!/
B
N
;bK J
02TD1?(7%\87"3D9(;"6W>qQ„9<a= K ?(2:9<;E6V9(639(>06€D0d>0C2~6 K 3C?50 ;"62~> K Z3 7$66;E6[‡7"?<?; K >0¢?(7%2 K =0846; $7
0aW=;E84D,50 0#=7"8d?<02f60 K D849(6;E2
‘ '!)
‘ ’
’
£
'!)
‘
‘’
0CD
ˆ ‰
W
X
VK ?Q„9<6€D08T\7"30M7Z"7$6[D N
'!)
8
M X
M
0c
M
h
Z3 7"8%?(7C;E60M>0B3 ;F3V7"ŒE9 D¢3C;EaWa0 K 6 ‡0Z7$a > K aW= =; K 8¢?(0C2
6 3?50 ;E62XD:80J 2840?A7 D9<F9<24D0C2#>0P?A7†2 K =^0C8:6; $7ˆ>7"62?(0V8FC50 \ZC50 8:06€D:9(0?]>0P?(7C;E60P>0W3 ;F3 ‰ OG 0P?(7
N
a0 aW0#a}7"690J 840 ?Q50 U K 7$D:9(;E6 02TD¢aW;F>9<\ZC50 0%2:9b>0C2¢60 K D:8:9(6;E2d2:;E6€D_=8:;F> K 9 D2
’
r
'!) ‰ “ ‰ “ ’ ž ’
–
–
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ ‰
'!) ž '!)
h
X
M
M
0c
W
M
0c
h
0c
N
G 7"62_D; K 2%?(0C2%3Z7"2 ?<02¢\7$3CD0 K 8:2‚>0 › ;E8:0C6€DV> K 3 ;F3V7Z$7"6€D%0D#> K 3 ;F3V7"848:90CJ 8:0`2:;E6€N D#3C0 K ¤ƒ>0
A? 7C;E60M>0`3 ;F3X>7"62_?(0C2¢8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?<2_>0`840=;E2¢>0`?(7W2 K =^0C8:6; $70D‚> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<? 8402:=03D9
E0Ca0C6€D R› 0\7"3CD:0 K 8¢>0 › ;E8406€D`>0M?(7C;E60`3 ;,U K C50 0B>7"62‚?(0X8F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?'>0M?(7W2 K =^0C8:6; $7 02TD
N
$ ™š ™ 0CD_;E67
’ '!*
$
ˆ ‰
$ ™š ™
'!)
› 0#\7"3CD:0 K 8d>0 › ;E8:0C6€D>0?A7;"60>03 ;,3>7$62d?(0#8F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?b> K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?R$ ™š ™ 02TD
0c
]
0c
W
l
$ '!)
'!*
X
0c
lM
] X
'!)
$ ™ š ™
]
]
]
$ ™š ™ $('!) –c“ ™š ™ “ '!)
]
RW
h
ˆ ‰
/; K 8+>02M50 L 03D 7#>0&2 K =^0C8:6; $7>;E6€D+?A7¢>06249<D,f
50 6RQ„0C24D]=7$2+3;E62TD 7"6€D:0f06V\;E63D9(;"6B>0f?A7¢>9(2TD 7"63C0
N
K
L
K
>0C= 9(21?QS;E‡ 0CD&306€D:87"? ?<021\7"3D0 8:2f>0 › ;"8:06€D%>02f3 ;,3C2d7 $7"6€Df0Dd7"848:90CJ 8:[email protected] E;"? K 0C6[Dd=06>7"6€D
U K 0X?(0#3 ;F3X7"8:8490J 840%D8:7 "0842:0X?A7B3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<? 0c
0c
"!$#
h
%&('
)+*-,
&-./+0
k21+m 43685 7 m k
50 =7$8 K 6•06240aB‡?<0}>0=7"8:7"a0J D8402M9<69<D:9A7 K ¤ ?
› 0a;F>R0J ?<0P> K:9 7"66;E6[‡7"?(?*02TDB37"87"3D,C50 8:9(2F}
N
N
2Q„7"ŒE9 D> K \7"3CD:0 K 8>0 › ;E8:0C6€DW9(69 D9A7$?/> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?k$<;>= >qQ K 6Y\7"3D0 K 8X2 K 8X27ea}7"242:[email protected] y
>0C2%\7"3CD:0 K 842%>RQS0¤,=7"6249(;E6B;DC = U K 7"6>Y?(0`3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?/0C24D06€D:8:0V?QS;E‡ L 0D%3C06€D8:7"?0D#?(0`>150 ‡ K D> 0
r
N
?A7X2 K =0846; $7 0CD B C U K 7"6>†?(0‚37"66;"6F‡7"?(?HD8:7 "0842:0#?(0C250 L 0C3CD7B>0%2 K =^0C8:6; $7 › 0C 2&’= 8:;" =8:9C50 D,C50 2
sZr N
> K 84024D:0V>0V2 K =^0C8:6; $7 2:;E6€D 840=8F50 2:0C6€D,50 2†7}
J ?Q 7"9<>0M>qQ K 6ƒ\7$3CD0 K 8%2 K 8#?A7}>9(24D7"63C0
?
N
>RQ K 6Š\7"3D0 K 8 2 K 8}27•a7"2:240 [email protected] sZr 0D†>0ƒ?Q„9<6>9<[email protected] >0ƒ?(7‹?<;E9¢>0ƒ= K 9<2:27$630ƒ>~50 3849<$7"6€D†?(7
>9<24D849(‡ K D9(;"6—>0V2:7 >06249<D,B
50 >0Va7$D90J 8:0`06ƒ\;E63CD9<;E6ƒ>0V?(7>9<24D7"630P7 K 306€D:8:0 6Y7 9<6>9<U K 50
U K 01=? K 249(0 K 8:2';E6>0C2/>0*3;F32/=^0 K E0C6[DD87Z"08:2408?<0]3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?[7Z$7"6€D/U K Q„9<?F6qQ 7$D4D0C9(ŒE60*?(0]8:7";E6
>0VD8:7"624=7"8:0C630W> K 8:0C24D0P>0P2 K =^0C8:6; $7 /; K 8>150 3C8:9(840V?QC50 ";E? K D:9(;E6¥>0W3C02X;E6>0C2>0P3;,3P?<0
D0Ca=2_0C24D_2FC50 =7"8F`
50 0C6 ns 2 K 3C30242:9 \2 h
Tj 7 l 5 o_j '06>7"6€DP37"U K 0†=7"2 K 60 =7"84D:9(0W>0 [email protected]2 K =0846; $7ƒ0CD K 60 =7"8TD9<0}
> K 37"66;"6F‡7"?(?*06€D8406€D
Ÿ
N
>7"62¢?(7C;E60X>0X3;,3 9b?QS;E6>0>0X3;F3M7P=7"843; K 8 [email protected] 60X>9(2TD 7"63C0 '!)‹>7"62_?(0#37"66;E6[‡7$?(?
?A7†> K 8F50 0W> K =7"2X>0VD0Ca=2X2 K 9<$7"6€DX024DX>~50 Ž69<0>0V\7 3C;E6 [email protected]
J 3C0U K 0W?A7†>9<24D 7$630P8:0C24D7"6€D0W2:;E9 D
K
K
=7"843; 8 006 '"& !"#%$ )
(+*,
#
Ÿ
1
- /˜ . '!*
'!) –
'!)
ˆ ‰
'!)
0 “ '!)
.
'4& !"#5$
'!*32
#
K 8 K Ÿ’ >7"62¢?(7B2 K =0846; "7 N 7$?(;E842f?A7B> K 8F50 0X> K
N
0C24D ,
– Ÿ’
$
ˆ ‰
“ . '!* '4& !"#5$
N
/; K d
8 ?(0#3;F3M7Z$7"6€D 42 9b?(0#37"66;E6[‡7$?(?O7V=7"843;
=84;,3 7$9(6e=7"2 C50 $7"? K 50 0 V
7 J =7"8TD9<8&> K 3;,3`7Z$7"6€D
- ˜/.’6 '!*
0
2
#
N
J =7"8TD9(8X> K 3;,3†7Z$7"6€DB; K > K 3;F3†7"848:90J 8:0W6RQC50 D7"6€DV=7"2‹C50 Œ€7"?<02
› 02B>0 K ¤•> K 8F50 02•50 $7"? K C50 02e7—
3"7 QS02TD‚?(7B> K 8F50 0X?A7B=? K 2f\7"- 9(‡˜ ?<0‚U K 9O02TD_8:0CD:06 K 0 N
=7"84D:9(8'>013C0CD4D01> K 8FC50 0 . '!*‹>7$62?<0*8FC50 \ZC50 8:06€D:9(0?F>0~?A7 C;E60~>013;F3 ?A7da7"2:2401>0~3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?
7"‡24;E8:‡~50 0X024D_37"?(3 K ?C50 0 98 ?(?<0%$7 K D ,
 '& ”
- Ÿ
#
'!) 0 œ
'!)
ˆ%> >;? ‰
'!);: <4= ž '!)
;bK J '!);: <4=b0C24D/?([email protected]";E6M> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?q7_
J 3C0CD/9(62TD 7"6€D v › Q„7 K Œ"a0C6[D7$D9<;E6#> K [email protected];E6X> K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?
=06>7$6[D_3C0XD:0aW=2f02TD ,
 - ˜
' )
‰
. '!* $ . !
'!) : <4= 0
%ˆ > >D>
'!* 2 B AC! B
$
- Ÿ
N
'!) U K 0=7"8:3C; K 8TD¢?<0%3 ;F3X7"8:8490J 840#>7"62d?<0#3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(? 0C24DeC50 $7"? K 50 0 7V
J =7"8TD9(81>0
›- ˜ 7V>9(2TD 7"63C0
. '!*E,
-
Ÿ
-
'!) 0
˜
. '!*
0CD ž '!) 024D¢?A7B>06249<D,
50 > K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?D,
ž '!)
”
0
œ
'!)
'!) : <4=
ˆ%> >GF ‰
' )
“ .!
' *
!
2
£
1
'!) :"<4=
ˆ%> > ‰
6 3;"62:9<>b0J 840%U K Q 7 K =7"2:2:7"ŒE0%>0%37"U K 0#6; K E0C?(?(0¢;E6>0‚>0%3;F3PˆCH 2 ‰ ?A7X?(;E6Œ K 0 K 81> K 37"66;E6
‡7"?<?R02TD_>9(aW9(6 K C50 0#
= 7"8I,
1
'!)+J5K 0
1
'!)+J5K
rqr
'!)
'!) $ . '!*
' )
!
ˆ%> > ‰
50 ’6 >0¥a}7$D:90CJ 8:[email protected]>0¥2 K =0846; $7c7"‡2:;"8:‡~C50 0¥024De3C;E6€D0C6 K 0¥>7"62 K 6 3 ;E 60—D:8:;E6U K ¥
50 >0
› 7•U K 7"6€D- 9 D,Ÿƒ
K K
K =^0C8:6; $7 ‰ N ?A7‹>9(2TD 7"63C0—=7$8:3; K 8 K 0¥=7"8}?<0—3;F3
7 D0 8
ˆ
>
$
7
6
2
(
?
0
F
8
50
\
50
:
8
C
0
€
6
D
(
9
C
0
%
?
>
ƒ
0
(
?
‹
7
2
- ˜
N
7Z$7"6€D¢> K 87"6€D . '!* ˆ>7$62d?(0%8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?b>0?(7C;E60>0#3;F3 ‰ 0D¢>0X?(7"8:Œ"0 K 8 ?(7B?A7"84ŒE0 K 8&> K
3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<? F› 7M?A7$8:ŒE0 K 8 B>~50 =06>e>0¢?QS0 ¤,=7"6249(;E6 B ! #> K 37"66;"6F‡7"?(?ˆ>7$62&2:;"6†8FC50 \ZC50 8:0C6[D:9(0C? ‰ N
50 > K 8:0C24D:0f>0&2 K =^0C8:6; $7Wˆ8F50 \ ‰ $7"849(0~2:0?<;E6V?A7¢?(;E9F>0f= K 9<2:2:7"630f>qQ„9<6>9(3C01 >;E63,
› 7%>062:9<D,&
’ - -Ÿ  '& ”•’ r ‰
#
Ÿ
œ
%ˆ > >
0
’ Ÿ ‰ - Ÿ ‰
Ÿ
œ
ˆ
%ˆ > >
ž 0
7ZE0C3
,
Ÿ
› 0#\7"3CD:0 K 8d>RQS0¤,=7"62:9(;"6B
0
Ÿ’6
Ÿ
ˆ ‰
-
Ÿ
0
- ˜
0
Ÿ’
-
. '!*
Ÿ
'!)~ˆ
“ . !
' *
Ÿ ‰
2
0
`0C24DeC50 $7"? K
B
!
ˆ
ˆ%> F ‰
ˆ%> F< ‰
ˆ%> F ‰
Ÿ – Ÿ ‰
#
50 >7"62_?(0#8FC50 \ZC50 8:06€D:9(0?b>0X?(7 ;E60X3;,U K C50 0M0CDf$7 K D ,
- ˜
)
. '!* $ . '!'!
* B A! B 2
$
’ ˆ%> F ? ‰
B
- Ÿ
0
!
Ÿ
Ÿ
N
' ) ?([email protected];"6ƒ> K 37"66;E6[‡7$?(?O06
!
7Wa}7$2:2:0`>0M2 K =08:6;v$7 7$‡2:;E84‡~50 0M=^; K 8
0
›
!
6—6;$D0
30)(+*`0C24D
,

&
”•’6
#
B
;bK J
! 0
h'&)(&)(
'!)
– Ÿ
i‹m* j,+
B
7
!

!–
!
B
 –
!
!
’ œ ž
0
?
 –
Ÿ
Ÿ
#"
–
Ÿ
–
Ÿ
Ÿ
#"
–
Ÿ
%$
ˆ%> F6> ‰
l-*/.
j103254
› 7M=8:;F> K 3CD:9(;E6>[email protected] E;"660aW06€D:2fŒ€7"aWa}7#02TDf02TD9<agC50 0‚2:0C?(;E6>0 K ¤ aW;,>R0J ?(0C2I,[?(0¢a;F>R0J ?<0d>0
K2 48 \7"3C0W0DX?(0VaW;,>R0CJ ?(0B>0P";E? K a0 8 6‹3C0WU K 9+3C;E63C08:60?<0Va;F>R0J ?<0B>0P2 K 84\7"3C0 N ;E6Y8:0C=8:0C6>•?(7
8:0C?A7$D:9(;E6>;E667"6€Df?A7XU K 7"6€D9<D,%
50 >RQ50 60C8:ŒE9<0%?(9<‡~50 8F50 0¢=7"8 K 6†3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?02TD9<agC50 0%>7"621?(0‚37">840%> K
N
aW;,>R0CJ ?(0`;E8:9<ŒE9(67$?1ˆ E;E9<850 U K 7 D9(;"6 ? ‰ qG 7"62%?<0M3Z7$2#> K a;F>R0J ?<0M>0B";E? K a0 ?Q 50 608:Œ"9(0M?<9(‡~C50 8FC50 0
>7"62%?(0`2 K 8427 K D%024DƒC50 Œ€7"?<0aW06€D‚37"?(3 K ?C50 [email protected]}
J =7"84D:9(8_>0B?Q 50 608:Œ"9(0M9<6€D08460M=8F50 2406€D0P>7$62%?(0`3Z7"6 N
6;E6[‡7$?(? ?<;E8:24U K Q„9<?C50 a0C8:ŒE0X>02—50 L 03D 7}>0M2 K =0846; "7
7 6 ^› QC50 6084ŒE9(0B9<6€D08460M0C24D#37"?(3 K ?C50 0M0)¤7$3CD0 N K K
N
K
K
aW06€D 7 \ 8~0CDX7M
J a0C2 840‚>0‚?Q„7 $7"6350 0¢> 37"66;E6[‡7$?(? F› Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0‚>RQ K 6†2 K 8:27 K D&$7 K D >7$621?<0
8F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?b> K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?O7 K 8:0=;EI
2 ,
8%9 BA)::
; KJ
b
'!) JDCHE
I ? 0HJ H49Ei5,I K
8;
#%!
0
< $ A B $
>=
$
' )BA
!
@? '!) JDC-E
"
GF
?
024D¢?(0%";E? K a0#> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?R?(;"8:2:U K QS9(?¢50 aW08:Œ"0#> K 8402TD0X>02 K =0846; "7 ˆ%> FDF ‰
[email protected]?1T=574 [email protected] [email protected] KZAU574987A4 [email protected] ;BIAEcHZ4 [email protected]?LAILHZHoAB4 ;B4-Lm8QILK^5N4gM 5Q874%HJK @O4 89O4 4%S1T4
HJ?L8_E7SUTB4GHZ46C9IABA?LAIHJHqHZTKPO :>[email protected] :,4 ;[email protected]]578_IAbEiNIL8749AU590
r
h'&)(&h
i‹m* j,+
7
l-*/.
.
k
j
mHlH.,**k
7
K Y
0 6 K 3?C50 ;E6 > K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?%9(6€D:087$ŒE9<D=? K 2:9(0 K 8:2 \;"9(2 7Z"03Y?(0C2 6 K 3?50 ;E62e>0¥?(7 ;"60
N
3;FU K 50 [email protected]ƒ7¥
J 37"3 K [email protected]>0†30C29<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62 ?Q„9<a= K ?(249(;E6‹> K 6 K 3?C50 ;E6 >9(aW9(6 K 0>RQ K 6 \7"3D0 K 8
: ! & ?/2 K D>0VU K 0C?(U K 02#9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62Pˆ ‰ 7ZE03P?<02%6 K 3C?50 ;"62#>0B?(7 ;E60V3;,U K C50 0P
=^; K 8
7
U K 0B?QC50 6084ŒE9(0X>7"62¢?(0X30C6[D:8:0B>0Ma7"2:240B=7"242:0B24; K 2‚?<0`240 K 9<?/>0M=84;,> K 3CD9<;E6—>02%=9<;E62 ?QS9(6<
N
K
K
K
D0C84\7"3C07Z"7$6[D ?(0C2&6 3?50 ;E62f>0#?A7M2 =08:6;v$7V9(6€D:087$ŒE9(242:06€D_7ZE0C3#06€F9(84;E6 7 J ? 6 3?50 ;E62f>0
?A7 C;E60X3 ;FU8 K 50 0`7 $7"6€D_>RQ +0C D:8:0X7"‡24;E8:‡~50 2 ‘ ‰ K
‰
K
K
0CDY?QS9(aW= ?<2:9<;E6 ?<;E6ŒE9 D >9<67"?<0Šˆ
> 60 K D8:9<6; 2:;E6€D 3Z7$?(3 K ?50 0C2¥>7"62Y?<0
› QC50 6084ŒE9(0ˆ
K
K
K
K
8F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?>0f?(7%2 =0846; $7=; 8+3 7"U 0d3;E?<?(9(249(;E6X6 3?50 ;E6 6 K 3?50 ;E6 + 6V2 K ==;E2:0dU K 0fD; K 2+?(0C2
6 K 3?50 ;E62#> K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?0CD%U K 0BD; K 2#?<02%6 K 3C?C50 ;E62#>0B?(7}2 K =^0C8:6; $7 E;E6€D9(6€D:087$ŒE9(8_>0B\7 3C ;E6
N
9(>06€D9<U K 0 06>7"6€D K 6 )(+*}>;E66~
50 >0D:0aW=2 ?(0P
6;"aB‡8:0>0}6 K 3C?C50 ;E62M>0}2 K =^0C8:6; $7—; K >0
’
3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?q9<6[D,50 ŒE8F
50 7M
J ?(7 ;E60#3 ;,U K C50 0024D B ™ : ; K B ™ : '!) 8:0C2:=03CD:9<"0aW06€D › Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0
0aW=;E84D,50 0#=7"8d?<02f60 K D849(6;E2d0C24D ,
9
7"U
8
:"<"= 0
8 :"<"=
'&
B #™ !
' )
:
=
8 :"<4 =
=
'& ’ B #™
:
0CD_?QC50 6084ŒE9(0#>0?(7 ;E603;FU K 50 0†7P
J ?QS9(2:2 K 0#>030)(+*`>0D:0aW=2d>0CF9<06€D
* 0
8
. '!* : <4=
8
'!) : <4=
”
:"<4=
–
8
30U K 9O=08:aW0CDd>0X37"?(3 K ?(0C8f2:;E6e\7"3D0 K 8f>0 › ;"8:06€D
'&
$ AB # 0
$
;bK J
8
. '!* : <4=
)(+*`=8F50 350 >0C6[D
N
0D
‘
8
. '!* :"<4=
,
'!);: <4=
*
‘
. '!* : <4=
”
:"<"=
–
8
: <4=
'!) : <4= –
‘
:"<4=
ˆ%> F ‰
2:;E6€DB?QC50 6084ŒE9(0P0DM?Q„9<a= K ?(2:9<;E6¥>0?A7;E603;FU K 50 0}37"?(3 K ?C50 02M7 K
. '!* :"<4=
3"QS024DP7V
J >9(840
8
‘
–
: 4< =
,
,
8
. '!* : <4= 0
$ ACB : <4=
$
ˆ%> F ‰
* ' & # K = 8:0Ca9<08/9( * N ;E6 K D:9(?<9(2:0 K 60Bag50 D ;F>0`9<D,C50 87$D:9<"0`=; K 8_D8:; K E0C8%?(0X\7"3CD:0 K 8¢>0 › ;E8:0C6€DB9<69 N
D9(7"?>0V37"U K 0ˆ6; K E0C?(?(0 ‰ ;"60V>0P3;F3 >0BD:0?<?(0B24;E84D:0VU K 0V30V\7"3CD:0 K 8#>0 › ;"8:06€DV60B$7"8:9<0
=7"2M7"=80J 2MU K 0?A7 ;E60>0}3;,3}7"9<D`7"‡24;E8:‡~}
50 ?A7e=840aW90J 840U K 7$6[D:9<D,}
50 3Z7$?(3 K ?50 0W>06 K 3?C50 ;E62`>0
3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?~0DV>0 2 K =08:6;v$7 50 ?(9<‡8:0W>0$7"849(0C8
7"8M?A72 K 9<D:0}?<0\7"3D0 K 8M>0 › ;E8406€D}024DB?A7"9<2:2F
K
K
K
?(;"8:2:U 0>0C2d6 3?C50 ;E62_2 ==?C50 a0C6[D7"9(8402d2:;"6[D¢7"‡2:;E84‡150 2 › 7%ŽŒ K 840 > N #a;"6[D:8:0f?Q50 E;E? K D9<;E6V> K \7"3CD:0 K 8]>0 › ;E8:0C6€D _>; 0d?A7 ;E60_3 N ;,U K C50 0¢>RQ K 63Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?
K
3 F?<9(6>849(U 0 3;EaWaW0
6 3 7"6€D17Z"03_?(0f3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?9(63C9(>0C6€D¢Fˆ $ 0 =^; K 8+30CD~0¤,0Ca=?<0 ‰ L4K 2 N
U K Q 7%
J 30&U K QS9(?7"9<D7$D:D:09<6[D?([email protected] E;E6V>01D8:7"62:=7"8:0C630f>0C2B50 L 0C3CD 7¢>0&2 K =^0C8:6; $7 7ZE0C,
3 $ A B $ 0 N K
K
0 U 7 D8:03 ;F32`7"8:8490J 8402D8:7 "0842:06€DM2 3C30242:9 E0aW06€DP?<0W37"66;"6F‡7"?(?]7Z$7"6€D
G 7"623C0CDB0)¤,0aW=?(
N
U K 0W?([email protected] E;"660aW06€D`Œ€7"aWa}7 =8:;F> K 9(2:7"6€DX?(0 X"
I ! 6RQ„7"==7"8:7"9(242:0 F=9(U K 0Ca0C6€D 2:0 K ?*?<0P=8:0 N
aW9(08`3 ;F3e7"8:8490J 840 =84;,> K 9<DV>0C2V=9(;"62 7$?(;E842MU K 0e?(0C2B3 ;F32W7Z"7$6[D:2V06g=84;,> K 9(2:0C6€DVD; K L ; K 8:2 › 7=84;,> K 3CD:9(;[email protected]>0X60 K D:8:9<6;E2_>150 =06>\;E84D:0aW06€D‚>0`?(7W3C9(6~C50 a}7$D:9(U K 0>0`30X=8:0Ca9<08d3 ;F3 ^› 0C2
=9<;E62+3 7"84Œ/50 2*2:0_>~C50 2:9(6€DZ0J ŒE8406€D10D*>;E660C6€D17 K Ž67"?>02*60 K D849(6;E2_ˆa K ;E69(U K 02 ‰ >;E6€D*?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0
02TD#>0`?QS;E8:>840`>0 $0 # ; K =? K 2 q› Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0XD:;"D 7$?(0X0aW=^;E8TD,C50 0M=7"8_?(0C2‚60 K D849(6;"2‚=0 K D 0C D840
>0?QS;E84>8:0#>
0 &% ˆ; K =? K 2 ‰ >0X?QC50 6084ŒE9(0#> K 37"66;E6[‡7$?(?R9<639<>06€D J ?Q„9<6€D08T\7"307Z$7"6€DB02TDVaW;E9(6>8:0P3Z7"8`9(?]02TDB=84;E=;E84D:9(;E6<
› 0}6;"aB‡8:0>0}60 K D:8:9(6;E2M=84;,> K 9<D:2e7—
K
K
60C?&7 6;EaB‡840 >0 6 3C?50 ;"62 39(‡?(02`> K 8:0C24D:0†>0 2 K =^0C8:6; $7 › Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0 >0 3C02B60 K D:8:9(6;E2B02TD
7
'B0HJ HE9V IYLKZ5
)(+*-,. /
10
;=4kHdV [email protected]: B HJ46;=4kNI8_I:,[email protected] 578Q49E
2'
T=57KJHZK E=O4 ;BIAE HZ4 C ILNBK^5Q874 B0
γ (x)
> " ! $
" " ="
" ! #" h" B $ &%
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000 9000 10000
sec (ref. SN)
N
50 ŒE7"?(0Ca0C6[D/‡9<06B=? K 2/\7$9(‡?<0‚ˆ(' ? #0 # ‰ F=9<U K 0aW06€D ?(02/60 K D8:9<6;E2/=8:;F> K 9 D2/7 K 3;F3&7Z$7"6€D
0aW=;E84D:06€Dda;"9(62f>0 % >0X?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0%> K Z3 7"66;E6[‡7"?(? 6 K 3C?50 ;"6< 6 K 3C?50 ;"60C6[D:8:0`?A7;E60`>0X3;F3
› C0 2¢60 K D849(6;"2¢24;E6€D‚=84;,> K 9<D:2f=7"8_?(02d9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E62d
N
‰
K
0CDX?<0W37"66;"6F‡7"?(?dˆ; ?A7 ;E60>0P3;F3W=8FC50 350 >06€D0 0CDX06€D840?(7 ˆ6; K E0?<?(0 ‰ C;E60P>0W3;F3W0D
N
?(0C2g50 L 03D 7‹>02 K =^0C8:6; $7 *) [email protected]=7"8:7"a0CJ D849(2:7$D9<;E6g>02W2:0C3CD9<;E620 3Z7"3C02>RQ„9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E6 >0—?(7
a K ? D9<=?(9<39<D,f
50 >02f=9(;E6210CDf>0#?(7`>~C50 2:9<6[D,50 ŒE8:7$D9<;E6†>0%3C02f>0C8:69<0842f=^0C8:aW0CDf>RQS02TD9<a0C81?A7`U K 7"6€D9<D,50
K
>0ƒ60 D:8:9(6;E2}=84;,> K 9<D:0 9 0CD:D:0ƒ=7"8:7"agC50 D849(2:7$D9<;E6¡0C24D†>~50 3849<D:0¥7 K =7$87"ŒE8:7"= 0 > > ; K 8 K 60
N
r0/
/
2:9<a K ?(7$D9<;E6`=? K 2>~C50 D 7$9(?(?50 0 ?<02=8:;EŒE8:7"aWa0C,
2 + > F.-
02
D 14357698:;- ;E6€DM50 D,50 K D:9(?<9(2FC50 2 < zv{>={ sn
zv{u r w'| s /[email protected]?Ht nBACA | sEDGF0HBIKJ |[zMLONQP2RTS&U
N
K
K D9<?(9<2:0P?(0W6 K 3?50 ;E6c9<639<>06€D`0CDB?<0}6 K 3C?50 ;"639<‡?(0W>7"62`?Q K 6•>02
3 7"U 0 9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E6 ;"6
=84;EŒE87$aaW02V14395768W: ; K + N
; K 8B?(0C2M9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E62e7—
J =? K 2M>0 F 0$# >7"62B?(0306€D:8:0†>0 a7"242:0 3"QS02TDG14357698: U K 9
02TD K D9(?<9(2F50 › 0C2¢9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E62d24;E6€D‚249(a K ?50 0C2_>7"62d?(08F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?O>0X?A7V2 K =0846; $7}7 K 8:0C=^;E2d37"8
14357698: 7$>a0Df?(0C2fU K 7">849<E0C3CD:0 K [email protected] 608:Œ"9(0 9(aW= K ?<2:9(;"6}>0C2_>0 K ¤e=7"84D:9(3 K ?(02f>0#?QS9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"6
ˆ=7"84D:9(3 K ?(0%9<639<>06€D00D¢=7"84D:9(3 K ?(0 39<‡?(0 ‰ 3;"aaW0%=7"8:7"a0CJ D840#>RQS06€D8F50 0 K N
9[?QC50 6084ŒE9(0]>7"62/?<0*3C06€D8401>0*a7"2:240~0C24D/9(6\ZC50 8:9(0 8:0 3"QS02TD¢7d
J ?Q„7"9(>0+>4
0 + U K 0*?A7d=8:;F> K 3 N
D9<;E6e>060 K D8:9<6;E2f0C24D¢3Z7"?<3 K ?50 0 G 7"62d303Z7$2 ?(0#3C;,>0X249(a K ?(0#?A7B=8:;E=7$Œ€7$D9<;E6†>RQ K 60X=7"8TD9(3 K ?(0
9(639(>06€D0%>7"62 K 6e0C6[F9< 8:;E660aW06€D 6†2 K ==;E2:0#U K 0#?<02&=7"84D:9(3 K ?(02~39<‡?(0C2&> K aW9(?(9<0 K D8:7 "0842F50
>;E9 E0C6[
D 0C D:8:07 K 8:0=;E2 3 7$73 K 60>02X9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E622:;"6[DXD8:7"62T\;E8:ag50 0C2X>7"62X?(0P8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?]>0
N
N
K
30V6 3C?C50 ;E<6 3C9(‡?<0V7 K 8:0C=^;"2 9(6249 7 J ?Q„9<6€D08T\7"30B7"8:8490J 840 ?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0B0CD?Q„9<a= K ?(2:9<;[email protected]> K 6 K 3?C50 ;E6
9(639(>06€Dd>7"62d?<0#8FC50 \ZC50 8:0C6[D:9(0C?'> K 6 K 3C?C50 ;E<6 3C9(‡?<0#2:;E6€D ,
7
8 ; ™ Y; X ™ : !
‘ ; ™ ;X :
™ !
0
0
8; ™
‘ ;™ =
=
$ . '!*
$ . '!* –
– ‘
;
™
8; ™ =
=
“ . !
' *
“ . !
' *
r
ˆ%> F ‰
ˆ%> F ‰
3Z7$8dD:; K 2f?<02d6 K 3?50 ;E62 3C9(‡?<02f2:;"6[D‚7 K 8:0C=^;"2_>7"62d?(0#8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?b>0X?A7 C;E60>03;F3 N
J ?QS9(6€D0C84\7"3C0‚7Z$7"6€D&;"6[D&?(9(0 K 0C6[D:8:0%>02&6 K 3C?50 ;"62&9(639(>06€D2~>;E6€D
8 6†8:0"7$630 ?(0C219(6€D:087$3CD9<;E627M
K
K
?Q 50 608:Œ"9(0M0C24DWˆ=^; 8 6 9( *B>;"66~50 ‰ D; K L ; K 8:2%?(7a0 aW0M0D#>02‚6 K 3?C50 ;E62 39<‡?(0C2‚>;"6[D%?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0
N
7 K Œ"a0C6[D:0X7_
J 3 7"U K 0&9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E6 >7$62?<0~8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?F>01?(7¢2 K =^0C8:6; $7 $› QC50 6084ŒE9(0~0CD?Q„9<a= K ?(249(;E6
>0C26 K 3?50 ;E629(639(>06€D2'>7"62/?(0*8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?[> K 6 K 3?50 ;E6 39<‡?(0]=; K 8'?(0C2/9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E62&7_
J ?QS9(6€D0C84\7"3C0
7Z$7"6€D¢24;E6€D
,
8 ; ™ ; X ™ : !
‘ ; ™ ;X :
r
™
8 ™ ; X : 8 ; ™
!
”
=
8 ™ ;X : ‘ ; ™
!
= ”
0
!
0
– ‘ ™ ;X :
– ‘
!
‘
;
= 8 ;
™ ;X :
!
= ™
ˆ%> ™
‰
ˆ%> a ;E6€D:8:0 K 6e0¤,0Ca=?<0%>0#>9<24D:8:9(‡ K D9<;E6 >0C2_60 K :D 8:9(6 ;E2&3Z7$?(3 K ?50 2f=7"8.+
› 7MŽŒ K 48 0 > K
K
57698: =; 8 @
6 06240aB‡?(0=7"8TD9(3 K ?(9<08~>0`=7"87"[email protected] D:8:0C2f9(69 D9A7 K ¤ ‰
0D,143
∝ Nν
› Q K D9<?(9<27$D:9(;E6 > 0 + 0CD 1 F> 3;E6> K 9<D 7 J K 6ŠD0Ca=2}>0ƒ3Z7$?(3 K ?‚=? K D ;" D}?(;E6Œ 9<?_\7 K D
06€F9(84;E6 F 0 K 8:0C2 =^; K 8M2:9<a K ?<08X?(02M9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"62`[email protected]=8:;F> K 3D9<;E6>0C2B60 K D8:9<6;E2B=; K 8 K 6
062:0aM‡?(0%>0%=7"8:7"a0J D84021>~50 3849<$7"6€D K 6†3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(? ; K 8C50 $7"? K 081?Q„9< 6 K 0C630¢>021=7"87$a0J D8:0C2
N
2 K 8+?A7%=84;,> K 3CD9<;E6V>0d60 K D849(6;E2 K 60f=7"87"acC50 D:8:9<27$D:9(;E6V750 D,50 K D:9(?(9<2FC50 0 0C?(?<0&02TD~>~50 3849<D:0f39 7"=80J 2 choc arriere : <E ν >≈ 200 GeV
5
10
choc avant : <Eν >≈ 15 GeV
> r ( ) Q )
, O"h" + 14395768W: %
4
10
3
10
2
10
10
1
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
Eν (GeV)
"!
,
h'&h'&
.
7
4,
'
m
4& 0 ,
&-./
0
&(/
,
&(./+0
+ 7 -l */.%k5.dj,+ */. .dj,+ */.
|[t z |w"!$| # r |Ft ? {|¥w/x r x/y&=%|[# u r { r y€{wO| r z
nHo
6 2 K ==;E2:0V7 U K 0V?<02¢6;€7 K ¤ƒ=8FC50 2:0C6[D:2#>7"62‚?(0M37"66;"6F‡7"?(?'0CD#>7"62%?<0`84024D:0V>0B2 K =^0C8:6; $7
ƒ
2:;"6[D>9(242:;F3950 2 9<62:9[?<02=7"84D:9(3 K ?(02'9(639(>06€D0C20CD?(0C2/=7$84D9<3 K ?<02'39<‡?(0C2/24;E6€D+>02/=8:;$D;E62/; K >02
60 K D84;E62 K 69<U K 0aW06€D E› 0C2+=8:;$D;E62=^0C8:>0C6[D]>0f?(0 K 8X50 608:Œ"9(0&=7$89(;E69(27 D9(;"6M7Z$7"6€D]>RQS9(6€D0C87"ŒE9<8 N
N
G 7"62X?(0C2`9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62X0C6€D8:0N ?(0W3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?*0DM?(7 C;E603;,U K C50 0 ?(0W=8:;$D;E6‹9(63C9(>0C6[D 3"[email protected] J
>9<8:0_?(0_6 K 3?C50 ;E6 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(? =^0C8:> >0¢?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0¢>7"621?(7 C;E60‚3;,U K C50 0 G 7"62~?<0219<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62
N
06€D:8:0?A7 C;E603 ;FU K 50 00CDd?<02}50 L 03CD7V>0#2 K =0846; $7 3"QS02TD¢?<0%=84;"D;E6†>0X?(; 7M2 K =^0C8:6; $7WU K 9q=^0C8:>
>0?Q 50 608:Œ"9(0#>7"62_?(7 ;E60`9<6[D:084agC50 >9A7"9<8:0 › 7V?(;E6Œ K 0 K 8f>RQ„9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E'
6 & $ 024I
D ,
;
&
$ 0
(*)+
ˆ%> A
$ $ ž . '!*
'
, 0HJ H E9V IYLKZ5[;=T.-0/21Bl;BILAE]HJ4 :,?m;[email protected] HJ46EiT8iefI1Cg4 ;=?LAU5 HJ49E]NbI8_I:>4gK 5Q8743EREi?1A15[;B?LABAR9O4 E];BILAE]HJ4k5QI HZ43IT
=0 I
HJ49E ,
` C ILNBK^5Q8743EREiTBK LhIAU5QE %0
3 50 4 LL94 CGTBAp?18Q;[email protected] KPO [email protected]];=4 /Ll 687:9;10
10
‰
L1?LKJ8
;bK J ?A7P>06249<D,50 ž . '!* 024D‚30C?(?(0U K 0`?QS;E6—;E‡2:08TE0B>0= K 9<2¢?<0`8FC50 \ZC50 8:06€D:9(0?'>0X?A7;E60M3;FU K 50 0 R› 7
=084D:0>RQC50 6084ŒE9(0>0?(7B=7"84D:9(3 K ?(0#9<639<>06€D0#0C24D ,
7
8 : A #C#
;
&
0
$
0$#
ž
ˆ%> ‰
?
K 3 K P
6 \7"3CD:0 K 8+>0 › ;E8406€Dd6RQ„7"==7"87 D+3Z7$8+?A7%3;"6[D:87"3D9<;E6V>0 › ;E8:0C6[Dd2 K +
8 ?(7%?(;E6Œ K 0 K 8+>qQ„9<6[D:08
K
K
K
7"3D9(;"6†024Dd3C;EaW=^0C62FC50 0X>7"62d?Q„7 ŒEaW06€D7$D9<;E6}>0#?(7B>062:9<D,#
50 > a 9<?(9(0 24; K d
2 30D:D:0X3C;E6€D8:7"3CD:9(;E6 50 =8:9(2402e>0C28FC50 \Z50 84063C02
› /N 0C2240/ 3CD:9(;E620 37"30C2—>0C29<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;[email protected] K 3C?C50 ;E6< 6 K 3C?C50 ;E6 ;"6[D C50 D,‹
- 0D K D9(?<9(2F50 02d24; K 2¢\;"8:aW0X>0M=7"8:7"agC50 D849(2:7$D9<;E62f2:9<a=?(02 9 0%
2 =7"87"acC50 D:8:9<27$D:9(;E62f24;E6€D
=8F50 2:0C6€D,50 0C2‚>7$62¢?<02f>0 K ¤@=7"8:7"ŒE8:7"= 0C2_2 K 9<$7"6€D:2 o
p |Fy"zv{u r/s |cy n yE| s { r | # = n s zv{Rx'| s
r z |[t n y"zv{u r/s
K 8 >0C2—9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E62 (9 6~C50 ?A7"2TD9<U K 027 J 7 K D0C2 C50 6084ŒE9(0C2 N A? 7c2403CD:9(;E6 0 3Z7$30
+ 6 7$>;E=D:0‹=; N e
& 0 ? aB‡ 30dU K 902TD*$7"?<9(>0%ˆ 7
J % ‰ = ; K 8+
?<02+6 K ” 3? 50 ;E62*” 0C6< >0:2 24; K 2*>0
0$# [› 7%2:0C3CD9<;E6
N
N
0 37"309(6~C50 ?A7"2TD9(U K 0V0C<6 >02:24; K 2`> K =9(3
7J * 0
0
$
#
02TDX>9(aW9(6 K C50 0
0
K
=7"8 60X\;"63CD:9(;E6 !18409 D 9<ŒE60CI
8 ,
0
F
0

7ZE0C3`?(7B>9(2TD 7"63C006< >0242:; K 2¢> K =9(3
 8 ,
0
8

=^; K 8
*
– ” – ”
8

=; K 8
ˆ%> ‰
>
ˆ%> ‰
F
ˆ%> ‰

0CD_?(7B>0aW9 ?A7"84ŒE0 K 8~> K =9(3
,
0$# 0
K
K
J =7"8TD9(8+>0_?(7%\;E63CD:9(;E6 !18409 D 9<ŒE60C8+6RQ„0C24D~=8FC50 2:0C6[D1U K ¢
0 =; K 8]>0C2PC50 6084ŒE9(0C2
› 0f\7"3CD:0 8*;E‡D:06  7
N
N
06 >0C2:2:; K 2/> K =9(3
3Z7"8 7 K >0242 K 2 ?A7&2:0C3CD:9(;E60 37"30]9(6~
50 ?A7$24D9<U K 002TDO=87 D(9 U K 0Ca0C6€DO3;E62TD 7"6€D:0
7
N
ˆ 7e
J 3Z7 K 2:0W>0P?A7†=8F50 2:0C630>0W6;EaB‡840 K 2402X8FC50 2:;E67$630C2 ‰ 9<62:9 ?A7†2403CD:9(;E6 0 3 7"30W9(6~C50 ?A7"2TD9<U K 0
N
>0C2¢9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E62 02TD_=7"87$ag50 D8FC50 02:0?<;E6 ,
+ ;
:
‰
ˆ – < ˆ%> ‰
=
=
K;bJ ?(0]\7"3CD:0 K 8
– 0¤,='ˆ – ‰ 024D K 6M\7"3D0 K 8>0~2:0 K 9(? N 9(6€D84;,> K 9<D/7$Ž6B>018:0C=8:;F> K <9 8:0*?A7d2:0C3CD9<;E6
 8
W” N
0 37"30_7 K >0242 K 2*> K 2:0 K 9(?>0f=8:;F> K 3D9(;"6W>02]=9(;"62>7"62*?<0U K 0C??(02+=7"87"[email protected] D:8:0C2
0D
2:;"6[D_?(7P>9(24D7"63C07 K >02:2 K 2‚> K 240 K 9<?R>0=8:;F> K 3D9<;E6e>02_=9(;"62I,
– ” – !
 8
”
r ‰
*
%ˆ > 0

0CD_?(7B>9(2TD 7"63C006€D840`?<0#2:0 K 9(?R>0=84;,> K 3CD:9(;E6e>0C2¢=9<;E62f0D¢?(7B8FC50 2:;E67$630
,
W”
” – ” – !
!
”
‰
0#
%ˆ > 0
0 F6>
r z |[t n y"zv{u r/s
› 7V2:03D9<;E60 3Z7"3C0`9<6150 ?(7"24D:9(U K 0#>0C2_9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62 E 024D_=7$87"agC50 D:8F50 0#240?<;E6?(7B8:0C?A7$D:9(;E6#"I,
? 0
!
aB‡
60'&MApEiTNBNb?UEi46SUTB4(*)
+ ; :
/L0
!
0
+ ;
:
ˆ – $ F
=
!
D?
<
%
‰
ˆ%> ‰
P‘
‘ – ‘
‘
;N
;
B : 7ZE03
B : 0 ;bK J
0$# $3 0
#C!
#K %!
N
K
—
7
\
8
"
7
3
D
<
9
E
;
6
>
†
0
=
0
T
8
D
†
0
R
>
S
Q
(
9
W
a
=
?
<
:
2
(
9
"
;
•
6
=
;
8
B
<
?
0
6 K 3 ?50 ;E6g=849(63C9(=7"?*02TDW=8:9<2:0 3C;E624D7"6€D0 >0 D 0C?(?(0
›
2:;"84D0U K 0 ,
‘
‰
AB 0
: ! & ‘ ;
%ˆ > <
$
: ! & ' $ F N 7 K 2:249/‡9<06g7 J 7 K D0MU K Q 7
7ZE0C3
J ‡7"2:240•50 60C8:ŒE9<0 › 7W$7"?<0 K 8 K D9<?(9<2F50 0#>0 : ! &#02TD
D9<8FC50 0V7 K 7"2:7"8:>¥>7$62 K 60P>9<24D849(‡ K D9(;"6—=84;,> K 9<[email protected] J ?Q„7"9(>0`>0 + =; K 8#?<02%9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E627 J
‡7"242:[email protected] 608:Œ"9(02f0D_>0 1 3957698: =; K 8d?(0C2f9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"6c7 J 7 K D0C2eC50 6084ŒE9(0C2 y o
p |Fy"zv{u r's | y n yE| s | # = n s zv{RxO| s
› 0C2~2403CD:9(;E62~0
?A7M\;"8:aW0 ,
37"30C2&>0C2~9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E62]6 K 3C?50 ;"6< 6 K C3 ?50 ;"6 50 ?(7"24D:9(U K 0C2*24;E6€D1840=8F50 2406€D,C50 02f2:; K 2
+
:& ;™
! #5$
<
%
ˆ%> ‰
‘
;bK J
02TD—?Q„9<a= K ?(2:9<;E6Š> K 6 K 3?50 ;E6 9(63C9(>0C6€D>7"[email protected]?(0Y8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?> K ?(7"‡;E8 7$D:;E9(840 1› 7g=084D:0
N
>RQ50 60C8:ŒE9<0}>7$62B?(0C2`3C;E?(?<9(249(;E62ƒC50 ?A7"2TD9(U K 0C2`>~50 =06>c>0}?QS9(aW= K ?(249(;E6¥9<639<>06€D:0 0C6ca;"0660 ?(7
N
\87$3CD9<;E6V>RQS9(aW= K ?<2:9(;"6B0aW=^;"84D,C50 0f=7"8+?(7%=7"84D:9(3 K ?(0&=8:9(639(=7"?(0 30C?(?<0&U K 90aW=^;"84D0f?(7%=? K 2+ŒE87"6>0
N
=7"8TDd>0?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0#>0?A7V3;"?(?(9<2:9<;E6 02TD ,
: & ; ™ 0 $ F ˆ 2 H6* ‰ £
ˆ%> ? ‰
!
0
aB‡
?+aB‡
#5$
50 =7$87"agC50 D:= 8F50 0C2d2:0?<;E6 ,
› 02d>;E66150 0C2¢0)¤=~50 8:9<a0C6€D 7"?<02d;E6€DeC50 D,
:& ;™
DF
ˆ – <
$ F
! #5$ 0 $
P‘
‘ – ‘
; N ‘ B ;: N
B : 0CD
7ZE0C3
0 # 2 = ?([email protected]:0 K
0
0
%
#
!
C
#
!
?(0C2%3;"?(?(9<2:9<;E62_6 K 3?C50 ;E6< 6 K 3?C50 ;E6 bG 7$62%?(0C2#3;E?<?(9<2:9(;"62eC50 ?A7"2TD9<U
%
¢‰
ˆ%> 6> ‰
9(?d>0—=8:;F> K 3CD:9(;E6¡>02}=9(;E62>7$62
K 02 N 7 J 7 K D:050 60C8:ŒE9<0 N ?Q„9<a= K ?(249(;E6
D8:7"62T\ 50 8FC50 0`[email protected]; "0660XD:80J 2f\7"9<‡?(0 N
› 7V2:03D9<;E60 3Z7"3C0YC50 ?A7"2TD9(U K 0#0 q0C3CD:9<E0X=; K 8f?(0%D:87" 6 24\08TD_>RQ„9<a= K (? 249(;E6 02TD‚=8:9(240#2:0C?(;E6 ,
+
;
+
:
& ™
;
!: & ™ 0
! ; #%$
! #%$

K;bJ  ; 02TD?(0`6;EaB‡840B>0V3C;E?(?<9(2:9<;E62e50 ?(7"24D:9(U K 02‚6150 3C0 2:$ 2:7"9(840V=^; K 8%E; ‡D:069<8%?A7a0C a0`9(aW=
$
U K 0X3 0?<?(0%;"‡D0C6 K 0`=7$8 K 602:0 K ?(03;E?<?(9<2:9(;"6}9(6~50 ?A7$24D9<U K 0 ,
E ;
: ! & 0
! : & #%$ ™ ‰
;
ˆ : ! &
 $ 0
;
+ˆ ! : & #%$ ™ ‰
h'&h'&
j. 7 l .
1 Tl-+Ol
7
ˆ%> DF ‰
K ?(249(;E6
ˆ%> ‰
ˆ%> ‰
k #
1 l *.%k + +m k
50 >0C2d=9(;E62_37"8:Œ/C50 2¢0C24D¢;E‡D:06 K 0†7W
J =7$84D9<8&>RQ K 6ƒ7 L4K 24D:0aW06€D‚>02_9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"6
› 7Pa K ? D9(=?(9(3C9<D,¢
/
K
K
K
@
9(6~50 ?A7$24D9<U 02f>0 - )8 ?(?<0%2 9 D 60\;E63D9(;"6†>0?A7B\;E8:aW0 ,
;
r
:! 0 +ˆ * ‰  ˆ * ‰
 ™š
ˆ%> ‰
rN
K
K ? D9<=?(9<39<D,`
7ZE0C3}?(0C2`=7"87"[email protected] D:8:0CI
2 , 0 $
50 >02
0 $ > †0CD
0 $ @> ; 8`;"‡D0C69(8?A7ea
N
K
=9<;E62f37"84Œ/50 2 ;E6 D9(?<9(240 ,
;
:  ™š ; ! : –
 ˆ%> ‰
! 0
N
0CD_=; K 8f?(7Pa K D?<9(=?<9(39 D,d
50 >0C2¢=9<;E62f>7$62fD; K D:02d?(0C2d9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"62 E ˆ0 q0C3CD:9<E0C2 ‰ ;"6=8406> ,
;
:
 r ‰
A
!

%ˆ > 0
!
"
$ $
4
<
=
E
K
$# %#
>
#r |[t ^
? {|w'| s {u r/s y n t ? | # s
nHo
› Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0 >9<2:=;E69(‡?(0W=^; K 8B=8:;F> K 9<8:0>02V=9<;E62B37"8:Œ/C50 2V02TDV?A7—>9 _508:0C630}06€D840†?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0
>0C216 K 3?50 ;E62~9<639<>06€D2*0CD~30C?(?<0f>02~6 K 3?C50 ;E62*=8:9<639<=7 K ¤ [› 7`U K 7$6[D:9<D,¢
50 >RQ 50 608:Œ"9(0d3;E6€"084D:9(0¢06
K
K
=9<;E62#02TDM?<9(aW9<D,50 0M=7"8#?A7†24D7$D9<24D:9(U 0V>0 ;"9(2:24;E6 2:9]?A7 a ?<D9<=?(9<39 D,X
50 >02=9<;E6202TD`=0CD:9<D:0 6
N
N
02TD9<a0#?Q„9<a= K ?(2:9<;E6}> K 6 K 3C?50 ;"6>7$62d?(0#30C6€D8:0X>0a7"2:240 7V
J ?QC50 D7$DfŽ67"? 3;"aaW0 ,
‘
AB
™
$ 0
;
‘
: ! &
™
r
‰
ˆ%> › QC50 6084ŒE9([email protected]>0C26 K 3C?50 ;"62}=849(N 63C9(=7 K ¤g=84;,> K 9<D2P0C6Š7Z$7"6€D}0D}0C6Š7"848:90CJ 8:[email protected]}8:7"a0C6~50 [email protected]>7"6 2?<0
8F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?q>0‚?A7X2 K =0846; $7 0C6†2 K ==;E2:7"6€DfU K Q„9<?(2~6RQ„;"6[D1=7"2&>qQ„9<a= K ?(2:9<;E6VD8:7"624"0842:0ˆ 2 H * 0
‰ ^› Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0M>9<2:=;E69<‡?(0=; K 8‚?(7W=8:;F> K 3CD:9(;E6>02‚=9(;E62¢0C24D#?(7W>9 _50C8:0C630B0C6€D8:0M?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0X>02
6 K 3?50 ;E62_9<639<>06€D:2_0D_?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0#>02d6 K 3?50 ;E62¢24;E84D7"6€D2I,
8
&
?2 K
8 ;
8 X;
0
8
–
AB
$
–
8 XA B $
r
‰
ˆ%> N
D#062 K 9 D0 > 0Ba K <? D9<=?(9<08f3C0CD:D:050 60C8:ŒE9<0M>9<2:=;E69<‡?(0X=7"8¢?A7}=84;E‡7"‡9(?(9 D,
50 U K Q„7 K a;"9(62 K 6
N
=9<;E6‹ˆ37"84Œ/
50 ; K 60 K D 8:0 ‰ 42 ;E9<Dd=8:;F> K 9<D 3C0`U K 9b>;"660 ,
8
0
8
&
ˆ –
<
N
9<67"?(0Ca0C6€D ? QC50 6084ŒE9(0#>02d60 K D8:9<6;E2d=84;,> K 9<D2&$7 K D
8
;bK J 06¥aW;
› 01\7"3D0 K
2:;"6[D_=84;,>
|# s x
0
ˆ –
< E JGE ‰
‰
,
8
=
A |#
7
$ F
‰
?
r
ˆ%> 8
?A7U K 7$6[D:9<D,M
50 >RQ50 60C8:ŒE9<0`>~50 Œ€7"Œ/50 0B24; K 2¢\;"8:aW0`>0`60 K D8:9<6;E2_02TD
‰
80¤,='ˆ – ? 0C24D]?A7_=8:;"‡7"‡9<?(9<D,]
50 U K Q„9<?,6RQ M7"9<D7 K 3 K 6V=9(;"6B37"84Œ&
50 ?(;"8:2:U K 0
K 9<D:2 "0660
N
r
ˆ%> >
8
=9(;E62
‰
7
› 0¥a;F>R0CJ ?(0ƒ>~C50 3849<D†840=8406>?QS9(>~C50 0ƒŒ/C50 6150 8:7"?(0¥> K aW;,>R0J ?(0>02e37"66;E6[‡7$?(?(2}>0
fG 7$8 0CD
K
4
L
K
K
K
G 0ZIY5 ?(7 [› 02&aW;,>9<Ž37$D9<;E62*7"==;E84D,50 0C2&=^;"84D0C6€D&=849(63C9(=7"?<0aW06€D~2 8&?Q50 E;E? D9<;E6W=8:;EŒ"8:0242:9 E0
> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?>7$62#?(0B8402TD0V>0V2 K =^0C8:6; $7†0CD2 K 8#?A7}=8:;F> K 3CD:9(;E6¥>0V60 K D:8:9<6;E2 q› Q50 E;E? K D9<;E6
9(6 K 0&2 K 8?A7_=8:;F> K 3D9<;E6B>0C2+60 K D:8:9<6;E237"8?QC50 6084ŒE9(0~>7"62?<013C06€D840f>0fa}7$2:2:0~>02+9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62
6 K 3?50 ;E6 6 K 3?50 ;E6¥>9(aW9(6 K 0`7 "03B?<0M8:7"?(0C6[D:9(242:0aW06€D‚> K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<? › 7}=8:;F> K 3D9<;E6ƒ>0`60 K D:8:9 N
N
6;E2~02TD C50 $7"? K 50 0_>RQ K 60%=7$84D 7 K a; E0C6†>02~=8:;"ŒE87"aWaW02 + 0V
D 14395768W: 0D&>RQ„7 K D:8:0%=7$84D
7
J ?Q 7$9(>0V>RQ K 60=7"8:7"ag50 D849(27 D9(;"6¥>02`9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"62 9 0CD4D0W=7"8:7"ag50 D849(27 D9(;"6 =084a0DX>RQ50 $7"? K 0C8
?A7=8:;F> K 3CD:9(;E6 >0Y60 K D849(6;"[email protected]=; K 8 K 6 ŒE8:7"6> 6;EaM‡8:0¥>RQS062:0aM‡?(0 >0Y=7"8:7"a0J D8402†0CD7"9<62:9
>RQC50 D K >9(0C8d3;EaWa;F>~C50 a0C6[D&?(0 K 8f9(6 K 063C0 N
N
N
? K 2+?(;E9<6V>7"62]3C0f>;,3 K aW06€D‚ˆ2:0C3CD:9(;E6 F ‰ 6; K 2+E0C8:84;E62]U K 0 >7"62*?Q„0C62:0CaB‡?<0 ?(7%=8:;F> K 3 D9<;E6B>0160 K D:8:9<6;E20C24D+840C K 0M7%
J ?A7_‡7"9<2:2:01=7"88:7"==;E84D_7‚
J ?QS02TD9(a7$D:9(;E6`7"6€D,C50 8:9(0 K 8:0#ˆ2:0C3CD:9(;E6 ? ? ? ‰ N
K
)9 60_0)¤,=?(9<3Z7$D:9(;E6B‡7"2FC50 0¢2 8+30C84D 7$9(6K 0C2~7$==8:;Z¤,9(a7$D:9(;E62 0CK 24D~7"==;EN84D,50 K 0f>7$62]?A7%2:0C3CD:9(;E6P2 K 9<$7"6€D0 02*7"==8:;Z¤,9(a7$D9<;E62/60f2:;E6€D*=7"2 D9(?<9(2F50 02/>7"62]?<02249(a ?(7$D9<;E62 ;bJ ?<02+840?A7 D9(;"620)¤7$3CD0C2~24;E6€D
K D:9(?(9<2FC50 02 08QI1C57KJ?LA :,?L49ABAB4k;\[email protected] [email protected]:,N.?L875B9O4 4MNIL8]HZ43E]NB8Q?=;=TBKZ5QE];=4 H I,;o9O4 [email protected] Y18QI57KJ?LA%;=43E]NBKJ?LAE
F/ I %
I % F/ % i/ '% 4 F/ %
;F
"!
& /
'
,
&
)
+)
/+/"./",
,
*(*
0 D:D:0—2:0C3CD:9(;E6¡=8FC50 2:06€D:0ƒU K 0?<U K 02 37"?(3 K ?(2W7"==8:;F3150 2U K 9¢=084a0D:D0C6€D >[email protected];EaW=8406>840—?(7
>9 _50C8:063006€D840`?<02f8F50 2 K ?<D 7 D2d>02¢7 K D:0 K 842d0CD_30 K ¤@;E‡D:06 K 2¢7 "03X ?(0#aW;,>R0J ?(0‚>1C50 "0?(;"==~X
50 9(39 K
K D:8:9(6;E2
6
¢
0
=
4
8
0
W
a

9
C
0
J
:
8
¢
0
"
7
=
=
4
8
,
;
3
_
0
0
T
2
1
D
=
:
8
E
;
=
E
;
F
2
C
50
‚
0
>
$
7
6
~
2
<
?
d
0
=
"
7
8
$
7
E
Œ
8
"
7
=
0
>
F
A
?
#
7
=
4
8
,
;
>
C
3
D
<
9
E
;
W
6
>
¢
0
6
0
)
02TD]6~50 Œ"?(9(Œ/50 01a7"9<2?QS9(6 K 0630f>0f?(7‚a}7$2:2:0 3C9(‡?<01>0C2V50 L 03D 7#>0&2 K =^0C8:6; $7X7"==7"8:7 <D3?(7"9(840aW06€D ‰ N K 60P7"==84; ¤,9<a}7$D:9(;E6
K
K
K
8 6Y9(63C? 7"6€D‚?(02‚=^0C84D0C2#>RQ50 60C8:ŒE9<0V=7"8%=84;,> 3CD:9(;E6ƒ>0V60 D:8:9<6;E2Pˆ5> F >[email protected]?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0†> K 2 F24DZ0CJ [email protected]};"‡D0C6 K 0 K 9(2W?(0C2W>9 _508:0C6€D2PD084a0C2P>03C0CD4D07"==84; ¤,9<a}7$D:9(;E6
2:;"6[DC50 $7"? K 50 2V7
J =7$84D9<8d>02%9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62_6 K 3C?C50 ;E<6 6 K 3C?C50 ;E6¥7 K 3 ;,3M7Z"7$6[DV%ˆ > F ?E7 ‰ 0CD#7 K 3 ;F3
7"848:90CJ 8:0W5ˆ > F ?"‡ ‰ 9
%
%
h'& & .%k
1
m
7
.
m1l
+m %
1 m*
*. .
8
=08:6;v$7B7Z"03‚?QC50 6084ŒE9(0
1
j,+
l
7
j
7
mHlH.,**k
; ” N ; C50 D7"6€D
› 0_3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?06€D840‚>7"62~?<0_8402TD0_>0¢2 K
0
?(0¢\7"3CD:0 K 8f>0 › ;E8406€D#9<69<D:9A7"?> K 37"66;"6F‡7"?(?^>7"62f?<0%8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?R>0#?(7B2 K =0846 ; "7P7 K 840 =;E2 ?
87$?(06€D:9<DM7V
J aW02 K 8:0#U K QS9(?R=~C50 6R”
0CJ D: 8:0X0CD_7"‡2:;E84‡^0?(0‚8:02TD0>02 K =^0C8:6; $7 9b?<0%3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?b7"‡24;E8:‡0
K 60a}7$2:2:0—>0—2 K =^0C8:6; $7
9<69<D:9A7"?<0aW06€DP7 K 840=;E2}>7"62}?<08FC50 \ZC50 8:06€D:9(0?¢>0—?(7‹2 K =^0C8:6; $7
N‰
ˆ 0
?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0#> K 2 F24DZ0J aW0`3C;EaB‡9<61#
50 >0CF9<06€D ,
” ‰ – ‘ 8 +
*
ˆ
0
” ” 8 +
” r ‰
%ˆ > F
0
K
› 0#\7"3CD:0 8d>0 › ;E8:0C6€D>0302 F2TDZ0J aW0X>7"62d?(0#8FC50 \ZC50 8:06€D:9(0?O>0?(7B2 K =0846; "7W02TD ,
” 8 r ‰
A
B
*
%ˆ > $ 0
” +
” a}7"242:0 3C9(‡?<0
024DB‡9(0C6=? K 2M=0CD9 D0U K 0 [email protected]}7"242:0> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?~9<639<>06€D†ˆ
” 9*[email protected]
‰ N
?<02}C50 U K 7$D9<;E62 > FB0CD > >0CF9(0C660C6[DI,
*
”
0
A B
”
0
8
$ *
” 8 0
;
; ” ” ˆ%> ‰
ˆ%> ‰
;
N 9 /7 K 3 K 60M3C;E?(?<9(249(;E6e6 K 3?50 ;E6 6 K 3?50 ;E6—6RQ„0C24D‚9(6~C50 ?A7"2TD9(U K 0 3"QS024D7
J >9<8:0X06ƒ?Q 7"‡2:0630B>RQ K 60`=8:; N
> K 3D9<;E6>0‚=9<;E62¢ˆ0D1>;"63¢>0¢60 K D849(6;"2 ‰ 3C0?A72:9<ŒE69 Ž0dU K 0¢?<02*6 K 3?C50 ;E62*=^0C8:>0C6€D&?(0 K 8P50 60C8:ŒE9<0
N
39<6~C50 D:9(U K 0]2:;"9<D'=7"8'>02'3;"?(?(9<2:9<;E62¢C50 ?A7"2TD9(U K 0C2 2:;"9<DO=7"8'>0C2/9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E62'7ZE0C31>0C2XC50 ?(03D84;E62O?(9<‡8:0C2
N
; K ?(9C50 2 HG 7"62¢3C0M3Z7$2 2:9'?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0X>9(2:249(=~C50 0`>7"62‚3C02¢9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"62¢0C24D‚=9C50 Œ50 0X>7"62¢?(02 F2TDZ0J aW0
N
Ž67$?q3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<? a7"2:240%39<‡?(0¢>0%2 K =^0C8:6; $7 3C0%2 F24DZ0J aW0#"7XD06>8:0%"08:2 K 6Š50 U K 9(?<9(‡840¢D 08 aW9(U K 0%0Dd?QS02:2406€D9<0?b>0?QC50 6084ŒE9(0%>~50 Œ€7"Œ/50 0#>7"62_3C02d9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E62&2408:7W24; K 2&\;E84a0#>0#= ;"D;"62
N
D 08:aW9(U K 0C2 ; K 8U K 0f?(0137"66;"6F‡7"?(?F87"?<06€D9<2:240&>0&a7"690J 8:0~2:9<ŒE69<Ž3Z7$D:9<E0 9(?[\7 K D+U K QS9(?,7"‡24;E8:‡0
N
K 60Wa7"2:2403C9(‡?<0W>02 K =^0C8:6; $7—2 K 27"6€D0 7"8X0¤,0aW=?(0 N =^; K 8`?<02=7"8:7"a0J D8402X>08FC50 \ZC50 8:0630
”
Z
”
N
ˆD7"‡?<0Z7 K ? ‰ 30e87"==^;E8TD >;E9 D 0C D:8:0 50 Œ€7$?`7 J F ; K 8P?(0C2P7 K D0 K 8:2ˆ0U ? > 0D
N‰
N
K aW;F>b0J ?<0B=8FC50 2:0C6[D,}
? @>
9(?$7 K D $
7J $
50 9<39 ;OK J
"! ?+=7"2:240 +
"! 6X>7$62`?<0V3Z7">8:0P>
?QS0¤,=7$62:9<;E6—> K 3Z7"6= 6;E6[‡7"?(?'02TD%=849(240M06—3;E= aW=D0}ˆ0CU > M0D > F6> ‰ ; K 8¢87"?<06€D9<8_?<0M37"66;E6 N
‡7"?<? ?(7`=84;,> K 3CD:9(;E6W>0‚60 K D:8:9(6;E2*$7X>0C";E9(8*3;EaM‡?(0C8~?(7X>9 _50C8:0C630¢06€D840‚30C2&>0C8:690J 8:0C2~$7"?<0 K 842
N
0CD F h'& & +
m
1
.
7
m~l
+m %
1 m*
1
j,+
7
l-*/.
.
j
mHl-.,*~k
7
› 0C2¥C50 U K N 7$D9<;E62=8F50 3C50 >06€D:02M24;E6€DXa;F>9<Ž150 02#>7"62?(0B37"2;OK J >02X6N 0 K D849(6;E2#24;E6€DY50 aW9(2 R› 0C2
K
6 8 0 D 849(6;E2 =8:;F> K 9<D:2‚=7$8¢?(7>~C50 2:9(6€D,50 ŒE8:7$D9<;E6—>0C2%‘ =9<;E62‚0D%>0C2%a K ;"62 0aW=^;"84D0C6€D%>0`?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0
ˆ ‰ 7"9<62:9qU K 0X>0`?Q„9<a= K ?(2:9<;E6}?<;E6ŒE9 D K >9(67"?<0Bˆ ‰ H› 02 50 U K 7 D9(;"62 > FV0D > >0CF9(0C660C6[DI,
” – 8 ‰ – ‘ – ‘ ‰ 8 * 0
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ%> ‰
A B
8
$ 0
” –
8
ˆ%> ‰
*
02c50 U K 7 D9(;"62 > Y0D > 24;E6€DW30?<?(0C2VU K 9_24;E6€D K D9<?(9(2F50 0C2V=^; K 8V?A7¥2:9<a K
N
50 7"6aW;E9(62 K 60M7"==84;Z¤9<a}7 D9(;"[email protected]>0`3C02C50 U K 7$D9<;E62_024D¢=8F50 2:0C6€D,50 0V3C9 >; 0242:;
?(0C2‚8F50 2 K ?<D 7 D2%;E‡,D06 K 27Z"03V?(0C250 U K 7 D9(;"62‚0)¤7$3CD0C2 bG 7$62%?(0`3Z7"2‚;OK J ?(0C2†50 U K 7$D:9(;E62 > V0D > =0 K "06€D 0 D840¥C50 3849<D0C2d2:; K 2d?(7M\;E8:aW07"==84;,3 ~50 0
” – 8 ‰ – ‘ – ‘ ‰ 8 *
ˆ:ˆ
ˆ
0
” ” ” 8 – 8 ‰ – 8 8
‘ ‘ 8 –
ˆ
0
” ” ” 8 – 8 ‰ – 8 8 – ‘ ‰ –
8 –
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
0
”
” 8 –
8 – ‘ ‰ 8 ‰
‰ˆ
ˆ –
ˆ
9
?A7 D 9(;"6> K a;F>R0J ?<0 K 2 N =; K 8d0)¤=?(9(U K 0C8
”+ ” N
B0CD
,
‘
‘ ‰‘
;bK J
0
?Q„7"660¤,0
8
A B 0
$
8 7
? ‰
h'&
&)(
8
ˆ –
*
8
‰
,
8
8
– ‘ ‰‘
8
ˆ
– ˆ
8
– ‘
– ‘
‰
8 8
;
0
‰
ˆ
8
0
8
ˆ
0
8
.
” –
8
– ‘
ˆ%> ‰
*
”
ˆ%> D? ‰
– ‘ ‰ ˆ 8 –
– ‘ ‰ 8 ˆ –
8
‰
‰
ˆ%> > ‰
– ‘ ‰ 8:0 0C D K 60+9<a=;E84D7"63C0=7"8TD9(3 K ?(90J 840 N 2:; K ?<9(ŒE6~50 0+>7"62b?(0+=7"8:7"ŒE8:7"= 02 K 9<$7"6€D 7
m
+ 7 -l */.%k5.dj,+ */. .dj,+ */.
"; 62:9<>150 84;E62M?<037"2M=7"84D:9(3 K ?(9(0C8#;OK J ?<02X6;€7 K ¤> K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<?~0DM> K 8:02TD0>0}2 K =^0C8:6; $7
N
2:;"6[D3;"a=?0CJ D:0aW06€De>~50 3C;EaW=^;E2F50 2 >0 D:0?(?<0¥2:;E8TD0 U K 0‹?<02e9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E62†U K 9=84;,> K 9(2:0C6€D—>0C2
60 K D849(6;E2V24;E9(0C6€DWD:; K D:02P>02P9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E62V6 K 3C?C50 ;E6< 6 K 3C?C50 ;E6 +› 02P3C;E?(?<9(2:9<;E62`6 K 3?C50 ;E6< 6 K 3?C50 ;E6
2:;"6[D]840Œ€7$8:>~C50 02+> K 8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?;bK J ?A7 C;E60f3 ;FU K 50 0f0C24D*7 K 840=;E2 9 0D:D:0 ;E601>0f3;F3d7"33 K a K ?<0
?(0C2]6 K 3?C50 ;E62*>0_?A72 K =0846; "7}ˆ7"3C3C50 ?50 8F50 2*=7"8]?(0C2~6 K 3C?C50 ;E62*>0¢?(7 ;E60_>0_3;F3 ‰ 0CD*?(0C2~6 K 3C?50 ;"62
> K 37"66;"6F‡7"?(?Mˆ8:7"?(0C6[D:9(2P=7"8?(0C2}6 K 3?50 ;E62}>0?A7 C;E60>0ƒ3 ;F3 ‰ 1› 026 K 3?50 ;E62}>0—?(7 ;"60
N
3;FU K 50 02:;E6€DX2 K ==^;E2F50 2M7 K 840=;E2X>7"62X?(0V8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?]=84;E=8:0P>0W30D:D:
0 C;E60 7 K aW;Ea0C6€D>0
?A73;E?<?(9(249(;E6 O› 0C2P6 K 3?C50 ;E62V> K 37"66;"6F‡7"?(?&0DV>0†?(7—2 K =0846; $7Y9<6€D08:7"ŒE9<2:2:0C6€DW7 "03e=? K 2:9<0 K 842
N
68 K 3™ ?50 ;E621>0_?A7 ;E60¢‘ 3 ;F™ U K 50 0‚0CD17"9(6249H87"?<06€D9<2:2:0C6€D1>7$62~24;E6 8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0? >7"62~?(0U K 0C?H?Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0
0D¢?Q„9<a= K ?(249(;E6
>0C2_6 K 3C?C50 ;E62_9(63C9(>0C6[D:2d024DI,
–“
8 ™
‰
™ “ ‰” %ˆ > ;F
0 ˆ ™ 9
ˆ%> ‰
O› 0C2M7"==8:;Z¤,9(a7$D9<;E62 K D9(?<9(2F50 02#24;E6€DX?(022 K 9<$7"6€D0C2 ˆ0?<?(02#24;E6€DX>1C50 D7"9(?<?50 0C2}7 J
ˆ
› 0D0C8:aW0_ˆ
8
‘
™
ˆ ™ “
0
–c“ ™
‰”
ˆ%> ‰
;bK J 0D ™ 2:;E6€D]?(0C2\7"3CD:0 K 842+>0 › ;E8:0C6€Df>0C2*6 K 3C?C50 ;E62+9(639(>06€D2+0D+>0f?A7 C;E60f>0f3;,3f>7$62
?(0f8FC50 \ZC50 8:06€D:9(0?>0_?(7%2 K =0846; $7`7 K 8:0C=^;"2 [› QC50 6084ŒE9(0f>7"62]?(0f3C06€D840¢>0fa7"242:0d>RQ K 60_9(6€D0C87"3D9(;"6
6 K 3?50 ;E6 6 K 3?50 ;[email protected](6>9<F9(> K 0?<?(0‚>0CF9(0C6[DI,
*
0
”
”
0
8
ˆ
™
™ ”
–“ ™ “
‰
ˆ%> ‰
D ?(0ƒ\7"3D0 K [email protected]>0 › ;E8406€DY> K 3 06€D:8:0 >0Ya}7"242:0Y>0 ?QS9(6€D0C87"3D9<;E6Š6 K 3?50 ;E6 6 K 3?50 ;E6 @
> 7"62e?<0
K
8F50 \ 50 8406€D9<0?b>08:0C=^;"2_>0X?(7V2 =0846 ; "7P02TD ,
” ˆ ™ ‰
‰
™ 0
%ˆ > 8
*
0
ˆ
™
™
–c“ ™ “
ˆ%> ‰
‰
™
N
6 =;E2:0
ƒ
C50 Œ€7"?f7}
J ?A7P\87"3D9(;"6—>RQ50 60C8:ŒE9<0M> K 3C06€D840B>0Ba7"242:0M0Ca=;E8TD,50 0`=7"8¢?(02¢60 K D 8:9<6;E2
N
N
30U K 9O3;"8:8:0C2:=;E6> >7"62d?(0#8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?b> K 30C6€D8:0X>0a7"2:240 7 J K 60¥50 60C8:ŒE9<0 ,
™ 8 ™
‰
*
%ˆ > 0
N
G 7"62~?(0_8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?q> K 306€D:8:0%>0¢a}7$2:2:0 ?(7X=84;,> K 3CD:9(;E6 >0‚‘ 6™ 0 K D849(6;E2~02TDf2 FagC50 D849(U K 0 7 K D7"6€D
>RQS9(aW= K ?<2:9(;"6 02TD‚0Ca=;E84D,50 0#0C6—7"848:90J 8:0#U K QS06—7Z"7$6[D HG ;E63
0 N
K
K
K
K 3?50 ;E6 6 K 3?50 ;E6 N
"
7
6
d
2
<
?
#
0
F
8
C
50
Z
\
C
50
:
8
C
0
[
6
:
D
(
9
C
0
b
?
>
0
A
?
B
7
2
^
=
C
0
:
8
6
;
$

}
7
7
:
8
C
0
^
=
"
;
2
V
7
J
3
"
7
3
6
X
0
>
0
_
2
(
9
€
6
D
C
0
8
"
7
3
D
<
9
E
;
6
f
2
6
G
8 0Dd?QS9(aW= K ?<2:9(;"6 ‘ >03C02_60 K D:8:9<6;E2 N 0C24D ,
?Q 50 608:Œ"9(0
8
0 ™ ‘
7ZE0C3
,
“ ™
0
”
“ ™
0
0
8
*
™ –
™
8
0
™
™
“ ™
0
™
™
™
*
ˆ%> *
“ ™ “
–
8 – ‘ ‰ > 7"62 K 609(6€D0C87"3D9(;"6†2:08:7 ,
› 7V3;E6€D849(‡ K D9(;"[email protected]>0X?(7B=7"8TD9(0Wˆ
8 – ‘
– “ ™ ‰ ™ * ˆ ™ c
0
™ ” –
“ ™ “
™
ˆ 0
™ –
‰
‰
‰
ˆ%> ˆ%> ?
ˆ%> >
‰
‰
N
0CD4D0P3;"6[D:8:9<‡ K D9<;E6ƒ0C24DYC50 $7"? K 50 0V3C9 >02:24; K #
2 =; K 8#?<02#9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E62#[email protected]"6€D`?<9(0 K 7 K 3;F3P7 $7"6€D
= K 9<2f=^; K 8d?(02f9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E62d7E7"6€D‚?<9(0 K 7 K 3;,3`7"848:90CJ 8:0 9
nHo
^z[t n y"z sBn x
y by n n ^z
N
› 0C2B9(6€D0CN 87"3D9<;E62M6 K C3 ?C50 ;E6< 6 K 3C?C50 ;E6g7 K 3 ;F3†7Z$7"6€D 0C6€D8:0}?A7C;E60†3;FU K 50 0†0DV?(0W8:0C24D:0†>0
2 K =^0C8:6; $7 24;E6€D K ? D87 8:C0 ?A7$D:9<F9(2TD0C2 ?(0~6 K 3?C50 ;E6V9(639(>06€D0C24DD:80J 2/8:0C?A7$D:9<F9(2TD0*0CD+?<0~6 K 3C?50 ;"6< 3C9(‡?<0
02TD_ˆ=87$D:9(U K 0aW06€D ‰ 7 K 840=;E2 "› Q 50 608:Œ"9(01>02+3;"?(?(9<2:9<;E62&7‚
J 30D:D:0&9(6€D0C84\7"3C0&02TD+>7"62?(0~8FC50 \ZC50 8:0C6[D:9(0C?
>0?(0 K 8f30C6€D8:0X>0a7"2:240 ,
8 ™ ” ‰
ˆ ™š A ™ ‰
%ˆ > F
0
N
; K 8 ™š A ™
30C39O2:08FC50 > K 9 DB7 J ,
8 ™ ” ‰
%ˆ > ™š A ™
› Q„0C2:2406€D9<0?O>0X?A7B=84;,> K 3CD9<;E6e>0=9(;"N 62_7P?<9(0 K 7 $7"6€ D_U K 0X?(0#3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?b6RQ„7"9<D_7$D4D0C9(6€Dd?(0#8:7";E6
>0¥D8:7"624=7"8 8:0C630Y>0Y?(72 K =0846; "7 >;E63 ™š A ™
' f› Q50 60C8:ŒE9<0¥>7"62e?(0—306€D:8:0
A B
N
K
K
>8 [email protected]}; 7$2:2:0 ™ 0C24D}7"?(;"8:2
>
#0 # ‡9<06¡7 >0242 2$ > K 240 K 9<?f>0=8:;F> K 3CD:9(;E6 >0C2}=9<;E62ƒ7 J
B : 0
$D $0 # 9 #C!
K
K
K 8:0C24D:0W>0W?(7 2 K =0846; [email protected]<6[D:08:7"ŒE9<D%=? K 249(0 K 8:2%\;E9<27ZE03W?(0C2#6 K 3?50 ;E62>0P?(7
7"U 0W6 3?50 ;E6Y>
N
;"60P>0P3 ;,3 0CD#Ž69<D=7"
8 0 D8:0P7$33C50 ?C50 8F50 L4K 2:U K Q 7e
J ?A7}F9<D:02:240>0W3C0CD4D0;E60 ? K 249(0 K 8:2>0V3C02
9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E62=8:;F> K 9(2406€D]>0C2+=9(;E62 E› 0&\7"3D0 K 8+>0 › ;E8:0C6€D f> K 30C6€D8:0d>0fa7"242:0f>0f?(7‚=8:0Ca90J 840
3;"?(?(9<2:9<;E6}6 K 3C?50 ;"<6 6 K 3C?50 ;"60C24D ,
™ ™š A ™
™š A ™
0
ˆ7ZE03
™š A ™
‰
ˆ%> ˆ%> ‰
‰
N
K
K
K
3 7"U 0V3;E?<?(9<2:9(;"6†2 3C30242:9 E0P30M\7$3CD0 8‚>0 › ;E8:0C6€DB3C8:; D 3;EaWaW0`?QC50 6084ŒE9(0X>7"62‚?(0X306€D:8:0
N
>0da7"2:240f>9(aW9(6 K 0 D8 60 q0D 7 K 3;F3_7Z"7$6[D]?<02+6 K 3C?50 ;"62]9(63C9(>0C6[D:2];E6€D]?A7%a0 aW0 50 60C8:ŒE9<0f=^; K 8
D; K D0C2_?<02d9(6€D:087$3CD9<;E62Xˆ>7"62 K 6 )(+* ‰ 0CD_?(0C2f6 K 3?C50 ;E6< 39(‡?(02d7$33C50 ?0CJ 8:06€D › 02#249(a K ?(7$D9<;E62_>~50 3C8:9 DN 02W7 J ?A7}2403CD:9(;E6 > ?}>;"6606€D0C6 aW;E0C660 F 60 K D:8:9(6;E2%=7"8‚6 K 3?C50 ;E6
>02 K =^0C8:6; $7}7"‡2:;E84‡150 7ZE0C3 K 8 60¥50 6‘ 0C8:ŒE9<0XaW; E0C660X>
0 7 J #0 # ‰
K
K
K
–
=8:; E0C67"6€DM>02X9(6€D0C87"3D9(;" 62#
6 K 3?50 ;E<6 6 K 3?50 ;E6Š7e
J ?QS9(6<
› 7†3;E6€D849(‡ D9(N ;"6Y7 \7$3CD0 8Wˆ
N
D0C84\7"3C0%7Z$7 7"6€D 2QC50 $7"? K 0‚ŒE8 7" 30P7`
J ?QC50 U K 7$D9<;E6 > >`>7"62~?(0_3Z7"2~;OK J 0CD&;"6}D84; K E0Bˆ3\ ™
?Q„7"660¤,0 ? ‰ ,
7
8
– ‘
”
0
ˆ
–c“
‰
™
K
7ZE0C3 0
$ FB=; 8f?<0#3;,3X7Z$7"6€D K
K
K
K“
9?A7g=? =7"8TD>02—60 D:8:9(6;E224;E6€D—=8:;F> 9<D:2e>7"62>029(6€D0C87"3D9(;"62e;OJ
3;"6[D:8:9<‡ K D9<;E6 D;$D 7"?<0#>RQ K 609(6€D0C87"3D9(;"6c7V
J ?Q„9<6[D:08T\7"307Z$7"6€D_>0CF9(0C6€D ,
8 – ‘ ” G 7"62~?(0_3Z7"2~;OK J ?QC50 U K 7$D9<;E6
=0 K D_2Q 50 3C8:9<8:0 ,
7ZE0C3`?(7Ba}7"242:00 ^03D9 E0
>
*
*
,
”
0
8
02TD&?(7`2:0 K ?(0¢3;E6€D:8:9(‡ K D9<;E6Y7 J ˆ
ˆ –
ˆ –
0
‰ ˆ”
‰ ˆ”
ˆ –
ˆ –
‰ ”
$F
‰
”+
N
‰
‰
7"?<;E8:2e?(7
ˆ%> – ‘ ‰ N "7 ?(;"8:2]?Q50 U K 7$D:9(;E6
‰ ” 8
8
” ˆ%> ‰
>
ˆ%> ‰
ˆ%> ‰
ˆ%> ?
‰
ˆ%> @>
‰
› 7a7"2:240`3C9(‡?<0>0M2 K =^0C8:6; $7}6~C50 30C2:27$9(8:0`=^; K 8¢8:7"?(0C6€D9(8f?<0`37"66;"6F‡7"?(?O02TD%24; K 2 02TD9(ac50 0X>RQ K 6
\7"3D0 K 8‚ˆ – ‰ 2:9H?(0f>08:69(08+D:08:aW0d>0d?Q50 U K 7$D:9(;E6 > d02TD19<ŒE6;E8F50 €› 0C2~249(a K ?(7$D9<;E62/2:;E6€D~06
7"3C3;E84> 7ZE0C3‚?Q„7"==8:;Z¤,9(a7$D9<;E6V>0_?Q50 U K 7$D:9(;E6 > 2 K 8*?QS024=7"3C0¢>0C21=7$87"a0CJ D:8:02]3C;E62:9<>~50 8F50 9 0
8FC50 2 K ? D 7$Dd=0 K D 0 D840X3C;EaW=8:9<2&[email protected];E62:9(>~50 87$6[D_?<0%D87$624\0C84D_>RQS9(aW= K ?(249(;E6}> K 8402TD0>02 K =0846; $7 39<‡?(0#"08:2‚?A
7 ;E60`>0M3 ;,3 ) 60`\8:7"3CD:9(;E6•ˆ – ‰ >0M?Q„9<a= K ?(2:9<;E6 9<6N39<>06€D0`02TD%9(60 3Z7"3C0
K
=; 8_87"?<06€D9<8f?A
7 ;E60X>0`3 ;,3X3Z7$8¢0C?(?(00C24D%0Ca=;E8TD,50 0X=7"8d?<02_60 K D:8:9<6;E2 0D‚60`3;E6€D:8:9(‡ K 0`=7"2
7V
J ?Q50 U K 9<?(9(‡?(0¢D 084a9<U K 0#> K 2 F24DZ0J aW0 n y sVn x
o
y by n N
N
?Q„9<6[D:08T\7"30f7$8:8:90J 840 0C6[D:8:0_?A7 C;E60d3;FU K 50 0_0CD*?(0f37"66;E6[‡7$?(? ?(0C2*9<6€D08:7"3CD:9(;E6260d2:;E6€D*U K 0
N
aW; "0660aW06€D8:0C?A7$D:9<F9(2TD02 ‡9(06¥U K 0V?<02%6 K 3C?C50 ;E62#> K 3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?7$9(6249U K 0V?(0C2%6 K 3?50 ;E62#>0
?A7;E60M3 ;,U K C50 0V2:;E9<06€D%D:80J 2‚8:0?(7$D9 F9(24D:02¢>7"62%?<0M8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?>0B?A7W2 K =0846; "7 b› 0M\7"3CD:0 K 8‚>0
7 ;"60>03 ;,30C24D ,
› ;E8:0C6€D >RQ K 6—6 K 3C?50 ;"[email protected]<639<>06€D_>7"62_?<0#8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?b>0?A
;
™
–c“ ; “ ™
ˆ%> F ‰
0 ™
7
7
0CD_?QC50 6084ŒE9(0#>0?Q„9<6[D:08:7"3CD:9(;E6 >7"62d?(0#8FC50 \Z50 8406€D9<0?O> K 30C6[D:8:0X>0a}7$2:2:0#0C24DBˆ3\ 7"660)¤,0 ? ‰ ,
;
8 ™ " ! 9 ” ™š A ™
‰
ˆ%> ™š A ™ ;
; 0D ™š A ™
N
N
0DW2:9f?QS9(aW= K ?<2:9<;E6•D8:7"62TE0842:0024D6~C50 ŒE?(9<ŒE0Z7"‡?(0 30D:D; 0 50 608:Œ"9(0e60e=7"242:0
9 7 K >0 242 K 2#> K 2:0 K 9(?>0B=8:;F> K 3D9<;E6ƒ>0C2%=9(;"62‚U K 0V=; K 8¢>02%$7"?<0 K 842‚>0 D80J 2%Œ"87"6>02 RG 0
N
N
=? K 2 a0 aW0V>7"62X30P37"2 >0C2X=9(;E6260P24;E6€DM=84;,> K 9<D:2#U K 0=; K 8?A7 =8:0aW 90CJ 8:0;"60P>03;,3 N
N
7"9<2+=7"8]7"9<?(?<0 K 842 ?<0&\7"3CD:0 K 8+>0 › ;E8406€Dd> K 30C6€D8:0_>0da7"2:240_>0f?A7#3;E?<?(9<2:9(;"6M6 K 3?50 ;E6 6 K 3?50 ;E6
™ 4 !
9
;
™š A ™
ˆ%> ‰
9 AB '
‰ 7 9(6249 N ?(0C2&U K 0?<U K 02
02TD&D80J 2fŒE8:7"6> >7"62f?(0¢8F50 \ 50 8:0C6€D9(0C?q>0‚?A7M2 K =^0C8:6; $7eˆ ™ 4 !
$
60 K D849(6;E2=84;,> K 9<D:2#=7"8#?(0C26 K 3?C50 ;E62>0P3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?+;E6€D K 60g50 60C8:ŒE9<0V=? K 2XŒ"87"6>0 ,b>0 F 7 J
#0 # 8 – ‘ ‰ >02_9(6€D:087$3CD9<;[email protected]"6€D‚?<9(0 K 7 K 3;,3X7"848:90CJ 8:0 N 2QC50 $7"? K 0
› 7V3;E6€D849(‡ K D9(;"6e7 K \7$3CD0 K 8Xˆ
; ™ AB
N
06 K D9(?<9(2:7"6€D‚?QC50 U K 7$D9<;E6 > >†7Z"03 0 =^; K 8%?A7W=8:0Ca90J 8:0 ;E60M>0
$
3;F3 6eD8:; K E0 ,
9” 4!
8 "! 9 – ‘ 4! 9
‰
%ˆ > ™
™
9
;bK J 4! 0
=^; K 8d?(0#3;F3X7"8:8490J 840 › 7V3;E6€D849(‡ K D9(;"6eD:;"D 7$?(0%> K 3;F3X7"8:8490J 840#>0CF9<06€D ,
9 ” 8
8ˆ 4! 9 – ‘ 4! 9 ‰ 8
4!
‰
%ˆ > ™
94! ” ;
‰
%ˆ > ™
‘
8
N
‰ ?QC50 U K 7$D9<;E6 > >0CF9<06€D ,
L K
K
–
J ˆ
8 6—7 ; D 7$6[D_3C0CD:D:03;E6€D849(‡ D9(;"[email protected]
* 0
ˆ –
‰ ˆ”
” 8
–
9
4!
”
; ™ 024D
N
9
K
K
4!
0 8 \7"3CD:0 K ‘ 8 › +
=^; 8b?(02O=7$87"a0CJ D:8:02‚50 D >950 2 0CD
N
‰ R
–
7
J ˆ
6 QS02TD‚=7"2d>;EaW9(67"6€D:0 7"8d0¤,0aW=?(0 >7"62d?<0X37"2d;OK J
N
9
K
K
>0C2:2:; 2¢> 240 K <9 ?b>0=8:;F> K 3D9(;"[email protected]>02_=9(;E62 0D 4! 0 ;
™
‰
™
ˆ%> 9
;
0C D4D0* 3;E6€D 849(‡ K D 9(;"6
N
*
0C24D¢06
‰
./
* )+0 &-./
N
N
› C0 2'aW;F>9<Ž37$D9<;E62q7"==;E84D,50 02'7 K aW;,>R0J ?(0 >~C50 3849<D0C2b>7"62O3C0*37"=9<D:8:0 =^;"84D0C6€DO2 K 8O?Q C50 ";E? K D9(;"6
> K 3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?(?€>7"62'?(0]8:0C24D0*>0*2 K =0846; $7‚0CD'2 K 8/?(7_=84;,> K 3CD:9(;E6>0*60 K D8:9<6;E2'>7"62'?(0C2O9(6€D0C87"3 D9<;E62+6 K 3C?50 ;"<6 6 K 3C?50 ;"6 ) 60 C;E60d9(6€D0C8:ag50 >9(7"9(84010C6[D:8:0_?(0&37"66;"6F‡7"?(?0D]?(0f8:0C24D:0¢>0d2 K =^0C8:6; $7
N
02TD]>~C50 D:084a9<6150 0 ?A7 ;"60f3 ;FU K 50 0 ) 6P3 ;,3d7$8:8:90J 840&2:0f=84;E=7"Œ"0f>7"62+?<0&3Z7"66;E6[‡7"?<? 0D L4K 24U K Q7 J
N
30U K Q„9<?V50 aW08:Œ"0>0C2‹50 L 0C3CD7>02 K =0846; "7 =? K 2:9<0 K 842M;E6>02`>03 ;,32 K 3C30242:9 E02P=0 K "06€DV?<0
D8:7ZE0842:0C8 ~› 0C260 K D:8:9(6;E2P2:;E6€D=8:;F> K 9 D2V?(;"8:2P>0e?A7¥>~C50 2:9(6€D,50 ŒE8:7$D9<;E6¡>02W=9(;E62W3 7"8:Œ/C50 29<2:2 K 2
>0C2 9(6€D0C87"3D9<;E62}0C6€D 8:0¥?<037"66;"6F‡7"?(?¢0CD ?(7 C;E60ƒ>0—3 ;,3—0CD†0C6[D:8:0ƒ?(7 ;"60ƒ>03 ;,3—0CD†?<0
8:0C24D:0`>02 K =^0C8:6; $7 I
? @7P>0 K ¤@3C;E6€D849(‡ K D:9(;E62M7W
J ?(7B=8:;F> K 3D9(;"6>060 K D849(6;"I
2 ,30C?(?(0> K 3 ;F3
7Z$7"6€D†ˆ06€D840?(7 C;E60W3 ;,U K C50 0}0DM?<0W8402TD0}>02 K =^0C8:6; $7 ‰ 0CD`30C?(?(0P> K 3 ;F3 7"848:90J 8:0ˆ06€D840?<0
3Z7$66;E6[‡7"?<?R0CDd?(7 ;E60#3 ;,U K C50 0 ‰ 9 0C2d3;E6€D849(‡ K D9(;"62f2:;E6€D 50 "7$? K C50 02d>RQ K 60=7"8TDM7V
J ?Q„7"9(>0¢>RQ K 60
N
=7"8:7"agC50 D849(2:7$D9<;E6 0CDe>RQ„7 K D:8:0Y=7"[email protected] "03 ?(0C2†=8:;EŒ"87"aWa0C2 + 0D 1 3957698: d› 0C2e3Z7"?<3 K ?<2
7"==8:;F3 150 2X;E6€DXa;E6€D:8FP
50 U K 0P?A7†a}7$2:2:0 3C9(‡?<0V> K 8402TD0W>0P2 K =0846; "[email protected]~50 3C02427"9<8:0W=^; K 8X
8 8:7"0C?(0CD 6€‘ D9(8
K
?(0]37"66;E6[‡7$?(?€02TD24; 2 02TD9<agC50 0~>RQ K 6X\7"3CD:0 K 8 $ Fd249F?Q„;"6X6~50 ŒE?<9(ŒE0+?(7d>9 _508:0C630~06€D840
!"#"#$&%(')$!*,+.-0/213*,$!-01+4! +657 -8%:9;"</=%:9>*[email protected]/DC *!+! %E9>*,$F.G$.+.% 9>$.*,-HI/[email protected];
"#*6KJ @>L!- /3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@>- @;@>L(/[email protected];[email protected] DCI/ @> -O/3+.%E+ -OI/[email protected];D"#*6KJ @>L* 9;Q,9>$I/[email protected]'!C -8$&% I/[email protected];O /3C!9U% V%W @;@>OI/[email protected];O(/3 A!+X"Y*KJ @;P"#*6!9UZ 3 '6 %:/39>@;@ P !/[email protected]>O /RC!9;% ![
\ /R$!-]^ /3C!9U% 3'2$!*,+.-_ *,"#CI/ *3$!- -! +65G-`%:9;"</R%E9>*,$.-'(/R9>$!-89,aN+!^@;@> [email protected]>/?C *!+!V%:9;*,$
! - / *,$!$! "Y $&%:-TQ&/3"#"</c.+4-8+ -E/3+.%Dde-E %E9>*,$ 6[UfhgV[
+!9>- 'HI/[email protected]>i/3 i!+j"Y*KJ @>k"#*6!9UZ k @Sl %E+!!i! -4CI/ /3"4J % -7 -8%4C -E$&% [ @O-lm/3Q,9U%
[email protected] V 1,*,@;+.%:9;*,$ ! -#/ /R % 9;-8%:9;aN+!-o!+p(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@qV%[email protected]/ts *,$!7 *a+ 7$uv*,$!V%:9;*,$!+
%: "YC.-Y*,[email protected]/k!9>-`%x/3$.XCI/ *,+ +!tI/[email protected]; -`%:4!4-8+!Cy $.*h1R/zdv-E %:9;*,$ [|{,g ' 9TC}*,+ %€ *,9>-^ $!-E "[email protected]> -q!TCI/ /3"4J % -^CI/ %:9;[email protected];9> -!*,$&%[email protected]>0 *,95#-8%[email protected];9>aN+ € 0 I/[email protected]/O-E %E9>*,$ 6[|{[;f,[
lm -ECI/RX!-rCI/ /3"4J % -o -8%#$!-8+!9;%E %:+.!9 FI/[email protected]/-E %E9>*,$
-r/ /3V% 9>-`%:9;a+.-r!+
-E€ + -:/R+.%oQ&/3"#"Y/ [email protected]%x/3$&%'‚3lƒ-`%t/tJ !9 Y @Sl $! Q,9;Y%:*R%x/[email protected];<@>9;M #6[ .%o[ @>/X1R/[email protected];+ ! + ue/3 %E+ !
* $&%:sG!A-E* %:9>A!€ +X(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@S'ICy "YV%E%: $&%W.L- @> %E9>*,$!$. @> -T $!-E "[email protected];-T!ACI/ /R"4VJ % @> [email protected]>+!-T/3 aN+I/R%:- [ - +5t.L$! +.% 9>$!*3-W * E -ECy*,$!!/3$&%:-„-8*,$&%„/[email protected]> [email protected] -0I/[email protected]/o-E %:9;*,$ [ '
AaN+!9]Cy "# %8% /DKl V 1R/[email protected]>+! @B/ C}*3$!-EGKlmY†‡ˆ_‰Šy‹ [
9
,
?
>
F
F
F
F ?
F >
FŒ2 Ž# ‘’’D“”‚Ž#• – — ’ ‘ Ž7–k˜ “Ž#• – • ˜ ^“(•Ž#”
€ lm/(13/R$! X.+p/3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@~I/[email protected]; -8%:F.F-E+!Cy $!*213/6'™%:@;@>Ya+šlm @>@><-8%r 9;%EFI/[email protected];
x›I/3C.9;% „C ! $N%'!9>$ +!T-E+ @B/LC *!+! %E9>*,$Y!„$.+.% 9>$.*,-'aN+!9}.9 J WC}*3+ %8%: /39>-8*,$Y.C !9; %:9;*,$!-P.+œ"#*J @;D* 9;Q,9>$!/[email protected] [ ) $.o*,"#CI/ /39>-8*,$! -GC *!+! %E9>*,$.-O!o$!+6% 9;$!*,-OC *6.+!9;%E€ -`%TC -E$&% c9;9 [
-LC *,C 9 V % -L!+ (/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@^€ V%c!+ -8%:Y!<-8+!Cy $.*h1R/4uv* "#$&%[email protected] -ECI/R#!-LCI/ /R"4VJ % !+"Y*KJ @;r!-Dž?/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@>- [ /XC *!+!V%:9;*,$.Y$! +.% 9>$!*3-c C} $! uv* %:"#$&%L!#@B/F13/[email protected]>+ 9>$.9;%:9>/[email protected]>[email protected]>/ "</R-E-EiV%[email protected] $! Q,9;!€ +Ÿ(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@P %[email protected]/ "Y/3$!9SJ .*,$&%79>@„- l V %: $!jV%
C $J % OI/[email protected]> - ¡ 8 %x/D.P-E+!Cy $!*21R/ [ „/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@K/G%£¢6C.9>aN+!"#$&%0+!$. $! Q,9;„[email protected]* ! Q7I/[email protected]; Vu $&%:9> @[email protected]/¥-8+!Cy $.*h1R/ /F19U%:-8-E#KlƒV56CI/3$!-89>*,$i§=¨n©¡ª#-`%AV56C 9;" 19B/[email protected]>¤ F ue/3V %: + Klm «56CI± /3$! -8 9> *,$w¬I¨n©¡ªœ­®§R¨e©¡ª 3¯ [ žq7ue[_/R¦ %: + Klm«56CI/3$!-89>*,$w-8%#@;9>"#9;% i /œJ @>/13 /[email protected]>+ ¬I³ ¨n©¡ª ¬ ° ©G­ f ') * E -ECy*,$!!/3$&%Y/YJ @>/r19U%:-8-EL!+t-8*,$tI/R$!-„[email protected]/R-E"Y/[email protected];% /=² @>/R%:9U169;-8%E [
$t *,$!-E9;KJ c! +654-E $I/ 9>*,-TCy*,-E-89>[email protected];-TC}*,+ @nlm«5.C!/3$!-E9;*,$X!+(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@]@>* -EaN+Klƒ9>@]/3C!C *x›!
f2¤ ±
%0% /(1, [email protected]> - ¡ 8V%x/r!A-E+!Cy $!*21R/
f,[ «CI5./RC!-T/3š$!lm-E«9;5.*,C!$ /3$! /3-E9;C.*,9>$!o $N% [email protected]ƒ*,M8V%O $&% /[email protected]}8+!-EaN+Klm/3+œ M!+6%[email protected]/¥-E+.C} $!*21R/ d g 'KC!+!9; ¬ ; ­j¬ ‚° ©
¬ ­ ¤
{6[ «5.C!/3$!¬ -E; 9;*,$X­j+!¬ $!9;uv* "#¬ PI/3© [email protected]; u $N%E9> @!+4/3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@n'!-E+ @nlm $!-E "[email protected]>O.G-8*,$7% /28 %
€ /?ZIQ,+ [;f "#*,$&% @>/q u /3V%:° 9;*,$OKl $! Q,9;!+L/3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@, "YCy* % C!/ @>-$.+.% 9>$.*,-$Auv*,$!«²
%:9;*,$t.o-E*,$t€ ue/R %: + ! € * $&%Eso9>$!9U%:9B/[email protected]'.Cy*,+ [email protected]>+!-89> + -W$!-8"[email protected];-O!cCI/ /R"4VJ % -„ 9;1R/3$&%
@>G"#*6KJ @> [ /Y*,+ M}L-E+!C 9;+ c"#*,$&% [email protected]>/YC !9; %:9;*,$X!+"#*6KJ @>A9>$.9;%:9>/[email protected]/R$!-„@nlm›&¢C}*R%:›KJ -E
!+ SMy(/3"!+!"#C 'I/[email protected]>aN+! @H%:*,+.%[email protected] $! Q,9;F!9>-8C}*,$.9>[email protected];¥€-`%Y+6%:9>@;9>- FCy*,+ C *6!+.9 F.C!9;*,$!-'~!*,$&%F $N19 *,$ ¤ % -`%F"#Cy* % CI/ @> -¥$!+6% 9;$!*,- [ -¥! +65Ÿ *,+ My-F9;$.u 9> + * E -ECy*,$!! $&%4/4J @>/FC *!+!V%:9>*3$!#$! +.% 9>$!*,-GI/[email protected];-G!+65œ-8 $I/ 9;*,-G 9;%E-L 9U² !-8-E+!- '@;
-E $I/ 9>* f * E -8C}*,$. /J @>/t*,+ MyF!+ "Y9;@>9> +K' %[email protected];¥-E $I/ 9>* { /J @>/*,+ My¥9>$.u 9;+ 3'‚V%
9TC}*3+ !- Q,9>*,$.-#-8C 9;ZIaN+! -¥[email protected]ƒ-8CI/3 t! -YCI/ /3"4J % -r- @> %E9>*,$!$ -YC}*3+ !*,$!$! ! -q(/ /3V% 9>-`%:9>aN+! -~ *,"#CI/R%:9;[email protected]> -^/(1,[email protected]> -b*3M!-E 1R/R%:9;*,$!-b!- ! C *x›! -OdeC!/ %E9>[email protected]>9SJ "Y $N%
'f(¤,¤,¤&g«[
*€ 3+ ! -<1R/[email protected]> + -#ue/39>[email protected];-r! ; '[email protected]/C *!+! %E9>*,$w!C!9;*,$!-#$Klm/ @>9;+ aN+Kl / J @Slƒ9>$&%E ue/R4/21R/3$&% [
l $! Q,9>o.; -O *[email protected]>@>9;-E9;*,$!-W/3+ix›!*6r / E 9SJ D C!/3-E-8#@;D-E +!9>@‚!oC *!; +!V %:9;*,$k!oC!9;*,$!-PCy*,+ .1R/[email protected]>€ + -‚! {R¤,¤,¤ I/[email protected]>~-E $I/ 9>* f 'R %Cy*,+ .-™1R/[email protected]> + -‚! ¤,¤,¤ I/3$.-™@>?-8 $I/ 9;*
{MI6[/[email protected];@^/D-8C %D *[email protected]>+!+!-G %EQ 9>*,/3$F$!! [email protected];C.* 9>*,-8$!a-H+šlm 9;@~-8%0/=C!%E%:@;+!9>-H$&%D9>"#@;YCy* %:M!/3+.$&%D%:„!!+ /[email protected]>%EP¥-8! < $I-8/ +! Cy9;* f $. *h(1R/ /. '@; !*, $!/(¢,Y*[email protected]>$XY.(+4/3$!$./3*,$!$N$!MI*,/[email protected]>² @
€ /R* @> $&$&%E%:9;%Hs¥[email protected];+!+!9?- Cy /3 C."Y9>!V %D"Y! Y$N%0ue/3aN9 +!<GICI/3/3$.-8-E-T @;[email protected] $! $I/ Q, 9;9>Y* !{6 [ -ož„lƒ*,[email protected];@>%W9;[email protected]>/D*3$!.-G9>"#/39>+$N+.x%:›!9;**,F$ / /RC!9S9>J !O¥./R+X+6²£ue!/3 V-E%:-8 +!+ -o !!+ E -E€ +! 9>@.GC *!+! %E9>*,$7! -0C!9>*, $.- [ /ZIQ,+ "Y*,$&% [email protected] V1,*,@;+.%:9;*,$p!-¥/ /R % 9;-8%:9;aN+!-Y!+
aN+I/R$! @Sl $. Q39>X!+z(/3$²
$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@ -`%O[|/3{ +.Q,"Y $&% [ žq -„/ /R % 9;-8%:9;aN+!-T-E *,$&%„@Sl $!€ Q,9;G.+ "! ! I/[email protected]> V u $&%:9;@]!+
(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@Ÿ/3+ C}*3-'K $iuv*3$! %E9>*,$.o-E*,$kue/3V%:+ ! * $&%:soI/[email protected]> u $&%:9;@™[email protected]/<-8+6²
Eν / ECB (%)
10
2
10
1
-1
10
Estimation initiale
βin = 1/ 3, βout=0
-2
10
βin = βout
-3
10
0
2000
4000
6000
[Uf
8000
10000
12000
. ! " $# % " '& (*) # *) $+ .! 21 435" "" ; 6
% 1 $+58
7 +, # " ,+9+ :) $+# $+# $ " % " 6>:[email protected]@CB%
f2¤ED
γin
" ,+$- /. 0 " " ;+ "=< $+ " ( " rest
EGRB
(1043 ergs)
40
Ajustements de GRBs
35
βin = 1/ 3, βout=0
βin = βout
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
500
1000
1500
[|{
2000
2500
γout
% " " +:) " & ) " + . + + % E( ( . 0 " .! 1 43 % 1$+ /
7 +, # " ,++ ) $+# $+# $-* " ;+ " < $+ ) " + ) W " + ( +
$ ( " % " >:[email protected]? B %
Cy $.*h1R/ [ € l $! Q,9>TC -E $&% ; O.+ ± ! € -E+!C!Cy*,-8„+!$¥-8+[email protected](/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@™d f [email protected]>-8 g C!/ "!„[ € *3+ My- * E € -ECy*,$!.$&%P/ J ­ ¤,¤,¤.[ /„"</R-E-Eq!+o(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@./3+.Q,"Y; $&%:L/„J x›!/3aN+!HC}*39>$&%™-8+ @> -?*3+ My- [ /c*,+ MyO"Y*,$& %:/3$&%:„ * E -8C}*,$.4/R+F-E $I/ 9>* f '6/(1,A¬ ­j¬ ‚° ©G %H¬ € K­ ¤ V%
Cy*,+ !-(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@>-]!*,$&%@Sl $! Q,9;b9;$!9;%E9B/[email protected];‚V%‚; *,"YC 9>-8^$&% ¤ ' TV% f f2¤ Q [ /0*3+ My
! -E $!I/3$&%EL * E -ECy*,$!X/3+F-8 $I/ 9;* { '!/(13A¬ ­ ¬ ­ € ¬ ° © fh{ %0/(= 13A!-H/3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@;!*,$&%[email protected] $! Q,9;<-`%D *,"YC 9>-8< $N% ' 7 %
Q -DC}*39>$&%:-L9>-E*[email protected] - C -E $N%E$&%#@> 1R/[email protected]> + -L !-r/28+!-8%E"#$&%:-o *,M6%:$N+! -cC}¤ *,+ !f- = " f(!¤ !*,$& %c[ / @>< (/[email protected]/3Q,Y-ECyV % /R @Ad !-8›!9;u % g -`%
\ *3$!$N+K')I/[email protected]>O *,$&%:«56%EL.+4"#*6KJ @> SMy(/3" .+!"YC -f2¤6f [
F"Y/3$!9SJ FQ $ /[email protected]>R'™@> -r-E $I/ 9>*,-rC *,C}*3- -rC *6.+!9>-8$&%#"Y*,9;$!-o!7$! +.% 9>$!*,-oV%#@Sl $! Q,9;
!9;-ECy*,$!9>[email protected]>P Cy*,+ @; O -E+ -:/3+.%W-` % aN+!9;1R/[email protected];$&%: [ FŒ #Ž — ˜ “ ŽY• – ” ‘’ ’D ” • ,Ž#• “Ž#• –k˜ :  ‘k”
$L9;$&% %_!+G"Y*KJ @>™ -8%[email protected]*3$GCy+6%_13*,9 @nl V 1,*,@;+.%:9;*,$O!%:*,+6%:-]@;-1R/ 9>/[email protected]> -K$Auv*,$!V%:9;*,$
)
!+ %E"#C!-¥I/R$!-¥@> V u $&%:9;@„.@B/œ-E+!Cy $!*213/ *3+z/3+!-8-E9„M.9>$ $ uv*,$. %:9;*,$ [email protected]/œ!9>-`%x/3$! CI/ *,+ +!7I/[email protected]/-E+.C} $!*21R/ [ žq %8%:7CI/ %:9;7/C}*,+ M!+.%#Klƒ$ "Y*3$N%E aN+! @>aN+!-#V56 "[email protected];- '
Cy*,+ % *,9>-H $!-E "[email protected];-T!ACI/ /R"4VJ % -HC -E $N% -W9U² !-8-E*,+.- [
"!#%$'&($(* ) € /0aN+I/3$&%:9U% b !~"Y/3-8-Eb! -`%:q.~-8+!C} $!*21R/„/RM!-E* M ~CI/ @>^/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@N-`%‚+!$LCI/ /3"4VJ % 9>"#Cy* %:/3$&€ %„!+k"#*J @; [,+ @>@> C -E $N%[email protected]>cCy*,+.13*,9 W /[email protected];$&%:9;-E-8+ [email protected]/#-E+!Cy $!*213/F-8+ @>L(/3$²
$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@ [ A/[email protected]> [email protected] *3C}*,- L C!/ @>-T/3+6%:+ -T %[email protected];+!9aN+!9]-`%„C -8$&% c /3+4x›!/3C!9;% AC !$&%
/3My*,+.%E9>-E-8$&%t/tJ .-o-`%:9;"</R%E9>*,$.-L!.9 - $N%E±-D.¥@B/t"Y/3-8-E< 9>[email protected]; [ žq 9H/tCy*,+ /-šV%r!€ $! @> -qCI/ /3"4J % -~! u $.O!+<%:/[email protected];(/3+ [;f 9>"#C}*,-8-E9;[email protected]> -b!/[email protected];W$!*3+.1,/3+7"Y*KJ @; [ /c"Y/3-E-8
Kl ¡ 8 %x/Y!c-8+!C} $!*21R/¥/3M.-E* M LCI/ @>A(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@_ -8%„!10 f32465f2¤ ;Q<: Cy*,+ € @> -„/R+.%: + - '
"Y/39>-T$%E$I/3$&%O *,"#C.%:[email protected]«5.C!/3$!-E9;*,$!+œž 7W'š@;@>L/R%E%E9;$N8% 0 f 2|9{ 5 f(¤ Q [ c(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@
-`% /[email protected];$&%:98+.-EaN+Kl /YJ -lm/ 8 %E /(1R/3$&%WaN+Klƒ9>@$šl "Y Q,A!+ -8%EL!A-8+!C} $!*21R/ [
f2¤ 3* + 7 " .9> / J @>/.'?9>@W-E+r%X!i"#*6!9UZI @> -FCI/ /R"4VJ % -F$j /3+!Q,"#$&%:/3$&%[email protected] $! Q,9;!+
(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@bd g 'I*,+4$t.9>"#9>$N+I/3$&%[email protected]/oaN+I/3$&%E9;% G !A"Y/3-E-8L! ¦ /3M!-8* M 3')3lƒ-`%Y/rJ !9 A$
!9;"Y9;$+!/3$&%¨ -8*,9;%_¨@>/T"Y/3-E-8~%E*3%x/[email protected];^[email protected]>/T-8+!C} $!*21R/od g 'h-E*39;%[email protected]> -ue/3V%:+ -‚šlm«5.C!/3$!-E9;*,$D!~(/3$²
$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@bde¬ 'I¬ g 'I*,+4 $!* c $4"#*!9;Z)/R$N%[email protected]>/o!9>-`% 9;M!+.%E9>*,$7!A"Y€ /R%:9SJ O!/[email protected] ¡ 8V%x/4d 0'
žq 9_ $t9;"YCy*,-:/R$N%[email protected];O(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@KZ!$I/[email protected]]/39U%0+!$Xue/R %: + ! * $&%EsL! 0 f(¤,¤,¤ '!V%
aN€ +!g«[[email protected] $! Q,9;P!+X-E+ -:/3+.%W-E*39;%[email protected]ƒ* O! f2¤ : Q [ O%x/[email protected];(/32+ [Uf C -E $N%EG% *,9;-H$!-8"[email protected]>-T!ACI/ /3"4J % - [email protected];OC € "Y9; d g C [email protected]> CI/ /3"4J % -! -b/3+.%: + -*+oJ [email protected];- % -8*,$&%~"#*!9;Z - [ H.+6569SJ "YGd g !9>"#9U²
[email protected];-Wue/R %: + -„Klm«56CI/3$!±-89>*,$K'}$kQ&/ I/3$&%„@>+ „ /RC!C}* % aN+!9;1R/[email protected];€ $&%O/3+ /3C!Cy* %„! -Pue/3 %E+ KlƒV56CI/3$.-E9>*3$!+t%:/[email protected]>/3+ [;f dv%x/[email protected]>/3+ Cy* % D /3+X%x/[email protected]>(/R+ [ {,gV[ c. $. 9> $.-E"[email protected]>L!cCI/h²
(/R/R"[email protected]>+.VJ %@K !<Ad"</R-E-EG/3 M.g -E* /YM +.$!Gc!«5.-TC!/3/3+6$!%:-E9;*,+ $- $Ng«[[email protected];@>Ga+!/3$!@;Dž7j% /(1, [email protected]/ ¦ dvLa+.9 V19>$&%P/3+
ˆ e!
( *, + *$+
|
[
{
f
g
#
(
%
E
'
)
'
ˆ "!
h * * # . * # *,i0X*^j " " i -Dk;2
[;f$#&%('E)' ( *, + *$+.4-/+ "10 " + *$# +32
l
% '
" % " i ' 0
5 f2¤,¤,¤,¤ ±
f2¤3¤,¤,¤ ± f(¤,¤, ¤,¤ ± f2¤,¤,¤3± ¤
¬ 6
:76f2¤;9 ±
f
876f2¤/9 ±
f
:7 9 ±
f
87;9
f
¬
:f 7;9
:f 7;9
8f 7 2 9
¤
=<?> de Q,- g
f 5 f(¤AE @CB
f 5 Ff2E ¤[email protected] f f25¤ Ff2¤DE @CB f f25¤ Ff2¤AE @CB
f2¤
* dv" g { 2 5 f(¤
{
4
2
5 f2¤
{ 24 5 G f2¤ { 2415 G f2¤
G
D /J G
5 f2¤3¤,¤
f2¤,¤,¤
H.f °JILK deQ g
2 5 f(¤ABCB f32 {15 f2¤ABCB f32 { 5 f2¤ABCB
:MON
P?Q > dv Q,- g 3f 2 5 f(D¤ [email protected] 3f 2m¤ 5 f2D¤ C 3f 2 ± 5 f2D¤ :
R K TSVUXWOY: Z)[
f
3
2 5 f(A
¤
@\ 3f 2m¤ 5 f2A¤ @ : H 2H15 f2A¤ @
\_
:
^P?] Q > dv Q,- g { 26`15 f(D¤ C { 2 1
{
5 f2D
¤
D%± 2` 5 f2D¤ [email protected]
R K TSVUXWOY:Z)[
:
{ 26`15 ' f(A¤ @ { 2 1{ 5 ' f2A¤ @CB 2415 f2A¤ @\
ba 7 c<?>bd d g
{
¤
f
€ FC "#9> V56"#[email protected];FKl V 1,*,@;+.%:9;*,$ C -E $N% 4 -8%# @>@;¥[email protected]/.$!-89;% 7 !+ /3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@?V%r!
@B/Ys*,$!cx›!*6aN+ r$uv*,$!V%:9;*,$!c%E"#C!-OI/[email protected]> u $N%E9> @™[email protected]>/<-E+!Cy $!*21R/ [ € -O/R+.% -O(/h²
uv* /R "<% /R %E9;-89>%:*,9;$.aN-F+!CI-r/ !%E+p9> +!-8¢[email protected]>9S%(J J "Y - X[ *3/ "Y"# *,F$&%@B/R%:'„ @>"Y/ C 1R /3 /[email protected];%:+ + X!*-X+ J [email protected]>/3/ %E!9>+ "#-t$!!-89> *,$ € * $Klm/3$NC!%ECys3* 'T %:I/3$&$!%#[email protected]>/3 -X-rK% lƒ9>*,$9;-²
V u $&%:9;@>-„C}*,-8 -E9;[email protected]> -ode/3$!$!*3€ $ M!/[email protected]>@n'}s *,$!Dx›!*aN+ R 'K*,+ -8%ED!D-8+!Cy $.*h 1R/ g -8 C} +.%:o -8+ @B/PC *!+! %E9>*,$r!0$! +.% 9>$!*3- [ l V 1,*,@;+.%:9;*,[email protected]/PaN+I/3$&%E9;% 0 Kl $. Q39>[email protected]>9;M H-8*,+!-^uv* "#?!0$! +6²
% 9>$!*3-L $ uv*,$!V%:9>*3$ [email protected]/21R/3$. Y!+ /3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@^I/[email protected]> -`%:Y!<-8+!C} $!*21R/-`% Q&/[email protected]> "Y $&%
C -E $&% [
m CnCn
o p*%$ 8r
) q8 & tsvu p*gq8xwzy u w
€ /F! $!-E9U% r !r"</=%:9SJ D!/[email protected]/¥s *,$!r!rx›!*# -8%A%:*3+=8*,+ [email protected]>+!- @> 1 YaN+!rI/[email protected];o(/3$²
$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@ [ \ /3$!-^@>H/3-^!-bCI/ /3"4J % -^zV%{ ± @>@;?!9;"Y9;$+.0/[email protected]>?%E"#C!-'&"Y/39> -8%E @B/=%:9;13"#$&%G*,$.-8%x/R$N%E<I/[email protected];4 dvZ!Q,+ [ g (/ I/R$!-c Y/[email protected];r(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@
|~}€ ƒ‚ „†\„†‡~„,‚:ˆ:‰‹Š:} Š:}ŒXŽA(’‘”)“‰ •:‰J‡,–‰.—˜‘ :•™:\™„,8šc—8›,–š^‰Oœ š‰—8‰^’‘ ›,\—8‰.—8‰ž|€Ÿ†.‰J‡ }¢¡£›,:c:•¤™:™„†:š
›¥ ~¦(‚D›3™8“‰ —˜‘ :•:‰—8–§)„,–• ‰ —:‰¨¢©eª ¥ ˆD„,«3:‰¬¨¢©¤—8›~–šv–Ž­J“‰ ‰J­:•:‰J“‰ •:‰)‡~–‰"—8‰®|)Ÿ,¯"‰J‡ }
f2¤3
10
)
-3
MOD.A
pck
cb
-1
-2
ρ (g.cm
)
-3
ρ (g.cm
1
10
1
10
10
10
-6
10
-7
0
! [i?i¢± j #i'& A01j0 0 *,- + + " h j * i 0 h * 3 0j ' i¢h* *,h i;* + " + ?* # j,h * 8( -?*$' + + " h* * *
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
10
7000 8000 9000
sec (ref. SN)
h '
'
'
)z- " + 0 * * # . * # *,i?+ " * 0 h * X*,++C* h * i " * $* -e*,i*. j i0
+ " j i h - +C* (*) + h ' i;+ 0 * * # . * # *,i?+ " * 0 h * 0 ' +,-,)?* i¢j ' 2
-3
-4
-5
-6
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
-1
)
10
10
-5
-3
10
-2
-4
0.004 x10
MOD.C
pck
cb
ρ (g.cm
10
-1
-3
10
10
MOD.B
pck
cb
10
0.0035
0.003
0.0025
0.002
0.0015
0.001
0.0005
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
Q, $!-89U%EZI<(/=/ J %:9;13/(¢,"#*3$X$& %~*,[email protected]/L-`%x./3$&$!%(-8'.9;% W%[email protected]>9>/c$!9UaN%:9>+I/3/[email protected]>H$&%:!9U%+<P (!/3„$!$."<*,/R$N%EMI9S/3J @>@„[ -8€ +!/ACyue /3 9>$.M.*[email protected]>1RT/o/3/3+!M.Q,-E"#* M$&%: /RO%:$!9;*,P$<ue/R!9;W%[email protected]/A/3!-q1R$./ -E 9;9>% P -E-`9%²
!+!o/OJ @B/O*3$N% /3V%:9;*,[email protected]>/O s*,$!0x›!*aN+ [ € /As*,$.T.Wx›!*0C !$&%:W! 19;$&%[email protected];0(/3$!$.*,$N MI/[email protected]>@
-E+.9;1R/3$&%('/39;$!-E9)@B€/A! $!-E9U% „ [email protected]>/Gs *,$!„.„x›!*WV%?!+Y(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@y-8*,$&% Q&/[email protected]> -A/GJ x›I/3aN+!P$.*,+.1, @>@;
s*3$!o!Dx›!* [ -O!$.-E9;% - '/3+65C "Y9; -„:9>$!-`%x/3$&%:-„[email protected]/Y% /(1, - r!+ : -8%:o.D-E+!Cy $!*21R/.'
-E*3$N%YCI/ %:9;[email protected];9SJ "#$&% @> 1 - ¤ 24 Qœ" d g % {3¤ Q " : d ^ gV[ %:9U% !D *,"#CI/ : /R9>-E*[email protected]/Y!$!-89;% D "Y*2¢[email protected]/ E o -8%O. 6' <Q¥" [ žq @>@;L!+ ¦ *,@> 9>@_-8%P!
f-`' D%?-8QX+!C " 9> + 'K"<r//RJ 9>-„ 1R/ Qc9>c " uv* %:: '6"Y/R+< $N %A M! $œ+.%?uv*3.$!W @>%E/G9>*,s $k*,$!!„o @>*,/¥$&1,C *R%:uv*,9U1,$!r!d + I /[email protected];o *+ @>@; [email protected]>!/¥[email protected]* $.-E 9;% ! {R¤ Q¥ " : : %Pf /3+k¤ $!9U1,(/[email protected]/#s *,$. /3.9B/R%E9;1,¥d 7 ¤ 2H,g 7 -:/¥.$!-8¤ 9;2% { c g-8%P9>$.u 9> + 7 / J
¤ ' ¤&{ Qr" fh{,{ S[
m Cn
*
w ! q8 u ep s q !
w p‹p u p! &(&6 q8
&
svu p*gq8
wzy u w
€ l 13*,@>+.%E9>*,$w!+wue/R %: + . € * $&%:s4!+ (/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@0 %[email protected]>/œs *,$!t.tx›!*t $wuv*,$!V%:9;*,$
!+p%:"#C!-YI/3$!-#@> V u $&%:9;@[email protected]>/i-8+!Cy $.*h1R/ -8%<C -E$&% 3 'qCy*,+ @> -#% *,9;-r$!-8"[email protected];-Y!
CI/ /3"4J % - 'I-E+ @B/cZ!Q,+ € [ D![
@;* -LaN+!¥@>rue/3V%:+ ! * $&%:s¥.+ (/3$.$!*,$NMI/3€ @;@ -8%EF*,$.-8%x/R$N%D!+ /R$N%[email protected]/XC *,C!/3Q&/R€ %E9>*,$!
x›I/3aN+!k*3$!!t.x›!*k/ E 9SJ 3'[email protected]>7ue/3V%:+ ! * $&%:st!@B/œs*,$.x›!*a+ t1R/ 9> [ / s*3$!
!Fx›!* /[email protected]>$&%E9;%o/([email protected]> -DCI/ /3"4VJ % -D!¤ %4®"</R9>-D/R @SJ FI/[email protected]>¥/3!4 ^ [ ž„lƒ-`%[email protected]; /3C!Cy* %A$&% #@nl $! Q,9>o.#@>/¥"</=%:9SJ D.+/3$!$!€ *,$NMI/[email protected]>@™V%L.+ -8%Er!
-E+.C} $!*21R/.'R/3M!-E* M qCI/ @B/0s*3$!qx›!*aN+ q˜ a+.96C *6.+!9;%_V%E%E~1R/ 9>/R%:9;*,$ [ * [email protected]>b(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@
/ 8 9;13Y/cJ @nlm«56% "Y9U% „ [email protected]/G-E+!Cy $!*213/Xd:/ J Q /3$. g '6€ *]+<J @B/L!$!-89;% P -`%0M}/3+!*[email protected]>+.-que/39>[email protected]>3'[email protected]>/
s*3$!A!Ox›!*L/D%E$!I/R$!¥/ J -8%: / J 5 *,$.-8%x/R$N% [ O$!*,"DM A!Ox›!*G $X/ E 9SJ OaN+!9K% /213 -E
@>A/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@-`%„.9 - $&%W!/[email protected]>-H% *,9;-H(/3- D C}*3+ @>-0CI/ /3"4J % -0! ^L' f2¤ C}*,+ €/G^1R/[email protected]; + V!% +<oue/RCy *,%:+ + !^ € * [$&%:sR']/GJ @B/AC "Y9SJ T*,$!.W!Wx›!*„-`%[email protected];+!- @>V1 „!/3$!®- d 5 0 `3¤,¤,¤,g aN+!<I/3$!- d 5 0 DED&¤,¤&g aN+!9~ € @>@;V²£" "#o-`%[email protected];+!- @>V1 ¥I/3$.- ^
d5 0
žqV%E%EOC "Y9SJ T1R/[email protected]> + !+¥ue/R %: + ! * $&%:s„[email protected]/Gs*,$!O.Px›!*P13/L9>#$ "I+. -8+
@B/DC *:f !`3+!¤, ¤&%Eg«9>[*,$7!A$! +. % 9>$!*3 -W/R+Xx›.*6 L/(13/R$N%'I*, "#"#P @B/o-E /r"Y*,$&% G /3+7CI/ /3Q /RC!›! [ {6[ 6[ f2¤˜`
γ (x)
γ (x)
4500
MOD.A
pck
cb
4000
3500
MOD.B
pck
cb
7000
6000
5000
3000
4000
2500
3000
2000
2000
1500
1000
1000
γ (x)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
0
0
8000 9000 10000
sec (ref. SN)
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
*
m Cn 12000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000 16000
sec (ref. SN)
[
MOD.C
pck
cb
1600
4000
! D # Aj 0 -/+ " j i h - . ' ,+C*,- h *=1 j *,i?+ 3
h -9 i?i¢j i'& 010 *,+ h * 0 3 j i¢* h * ?j,$*,i. j i0
'
'
'
+ " j i h -f+C*(*) +$- h ' i;+ 0 * * # . * # *,i?+ " * 0 h * 0 ' +,)?* i¢j ' - )?j - 0 *$+ *,i;+8*( & 0 *$+ h * ) 'E)' ( *, + *$+
^ - ^ -(*,+ 2 1 ' k * h *$+
j h j i *8# *$F
+ *$,+ +ž+ j i < - *9# )?j - 0 *$+ %E)' i h *$+ '
0 *,- + h *®5 <?> 2
1800
1700
2000
14000 16000
sec (ref. SN)
w ! 8
q u p s
q ! w ‹
p p u !
p (& &
q8
&
svu p*
q8
w y u wrq p* & ) ) p %$( &
€ /XC *!+!V%:9>*3$!#$! +.% 9>$!*,-G$Klm/3C!CI/ / %LaN+!Y-E9^@Sl $. Q39>#I/[email protected]>r $&% <!Y"Y/3-8-E#!<@>/
€ *[email protected]>@>9;-E9;*,$o-`%H-E+!C 9;+ P/3+<-E+.9>@)!„C *!+! %E9>*,$Y!„C.9>*,$!-„d K ¨ _I­ { 2 ¤&{ g«[ € Tue/3 %E+ !
* $&%:[email protected] *,$X9>$! 9>! $N%0-8+ [email protected] *,$6² 9>[email protected]>A/3+ C}*,-H.*,9;% V % A-8+!C 9> + /J
K ¨ _I­ { d f 5 6 ™ g !*,$!R' 5 ™ f32 ± f
d [;f2g
€ /qZIQ,+ [ qC -8$&%:[email protected] 13*,@>+6%:9>*3$P!+Oue/3 %E+ . € * $&%:[email protected]/?s*3$!!^x›!*I/3$!-]@> u $N%E9> @
!+G(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@yde %_19> V² 13 -:/ g $Auv*,$!V%:9>*3$L!+A%: "YC.-_!/[email protected]> V u $&%:9;@[email protected]/H-E+!Cy $!€ *21R/.'hC}*,+ @> -P€ % *,9>-O $!-E "[email protected]> -A!rCI/ /R"4VJ % - [ @- l /3Q39;%O! -L *,@>@;9>-89>*,$!-r/FJ @Slƒ9>$&%: ue/3 r/ E 9SJ [ oue/3V%: + ! * $&%:sr C!/3-E-8Y @>+.9™!+i-E +!9>@!rC *6.+! %E9>*,$k! -AC!€ 9>*,$.-O+!$!9>aN+! "Y $&%LCy*,+ @>/¥C "Y9SJ *,$!.#.#x›.*6rI€ /[email protected];-O/3-A!^- ^ V% [ #"#*J @; $!rCy "# %AC!/3/3+kue/3V%:+ ! * $N%Esr!r CI/R-E-E @>o-E +!9>@‚ %A9>@$Kl ¢k/FCI/3-O!rC *6.+! %E9>*,$k!r$! +.% 9>$!*3-A/3+
x\ ›!*G/ E 9SJ [
H" "#3'}/OJ @Slƒ9>$&%E ue/R0/(1R/3$&%('&@>?ue/R %: + ! € * $N%Es0-8%^%E*,+=8*,+ -^-E+!C 9;+ /OJ 0-E +!9>@_d ZIQ,+ @¢/¥!*,$!c%E*,+=8*,+ -PC *6.+! %E9>*,$k!o$.+.% 9>$.*,-PI/[email protected]>-„9>$&%: /3V%:9>*3$!-„ $N% [email protected]>/<s*,$.o!
x›![ DN*gVA[ %[email protected]> - £ 8V%x/r!A-E+!Cy $!*2 13€ / [
žq*,$&% /39 "#€ $&%H/R+¥ue/3 %E+ . * $N%EsPI/[email protected]> u $&%E9>@}!+ -8%EO!P-E+.C} $!*21R/.'[email protected];„C "#9> ue/3V%:+ ! * $&%[email protected]/Ps*3$!0x›!*6aN+ W!/3$!-^@> u $&%E9>@I.+#/3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@! € -8%[email protected];+!- @; 1 0 C}*,+ ^ aN+!#C}*3+ V%[email protected];+!9U² " "Yc-8%[email protected];+!- @>V1 YaN+! [ /4C *6!+. %:9;*,$œ!
$! +.% 9>$!*,-T/3+7x›!*G / E 9SJ O-`%„@;9 Y /oJ @>/c13 /[email protected]>+ !AAue/3 %E+ ! € * $&%:s [
m Cn m
$ q8
& u pTq8xq8xwzy u w
p
€ -^Z!Q,+ - [ "#*,$&% $&%('&Cy*,+ @;-™% *,9>- $!-E "[email protected];-^!0CI/ /3"4VJ % -! V u $! 3'[email protected]/„19;%E-8-E
[email protected]*3$!!„.Px›!*A/21R/3$&%Ode!9U169;- PCI/ ¯ g !/[email protected]; V u $&%:9;@š[email protected]/c-8+!Cy $.*h1R/ [ + @>@> -q"#€ *,$&% $&%
-E*3$ V 1,*,@;+.%:9;*,$¥ $¥uv*,$! %E9>*,[email protected]/(13/R$! O!+F(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@šI/[email protected]> -`%:O!O-8+!C} $!*21R/ [ /[email protected];9>Q,$!
!9;-E*3$N%E9>$N+!tde $[email protected];+ -8%[email protected]>/¥169U%: -E-E#(/[email protected]>[email protected] #/(1, <@>/7.+ Y!#x›I/3aN+!!,'3lƒ-8%X/XJ .9 [email protected]>/
19;%E-E-8r9>$!-`%x/3$&%x/R$ r!g [email protected]ƒ*,$!.o!rx›!*64dv!9;19>- oCI/ ¯ g«[ € /F 19U%:-8-E C -E$&% <C!/ @B/¥@; 9>Q,$!
f2¤ G
γ pck (x)
1.6
CB
CB
γ pck (x)
pck1
MOD.A
1.08
pck1
1.07
1.06
1.5
pck2
1.05
1.4
1.04
1.3
MOD.B
pck2
pck3
pck4
pck5
1.03
pck6
1.2
pck7
1.02
pck3
1.1
[
! h * ?j, h
. j i0,+ " j i
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
h
' ,+C*,# - # *51 j h *,i?+ 3
i;+ 0 * * . * *,i?+ " * 0 h ' -¤+O*(*) + h i;+ 0 *# *$,+ '
'
'
i¢j ' 2
#
1
0
8000 9000 10000
sec (ref. SN)
h * 0 3 j i¢*
'
i i¢j i'& ' 010 *,i
?
h * 0 +,-,)?*
'
3
CB
1000
1.01
γ pck (x)
1
0
pck8
pck9
pck4
pck10
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000 16000
sec (ref. SN)
pck1
MOD.C
2.5
2
pck2
pck3
1.5
pck4
pck5
pck6
1
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000 16000
sec (ref. SN)
*3$N%E9>$N+!Yde $ *,+!Q3 g -`%0(/[email protected];[email protected] A/(1, [email protected]>„%E"#C!-0"Y -E+ O !C!+.9>[email protected]ƒ$&% A!+7/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@K¯ I/[email protected]> -`%:G!A-E+!Cy $!*213/6'I3lƒ-8%r¯ /oJ !9 [email protected]/D19;%E-E-8A"Y*2¢, $!€ [email protected]ƒ*,$!!O.Lx›!*Yde!9U19>- OCI/ gV[
@]-lm/3Q,9U%0!+4ue/3V%: + ¬œ­ § 7 /3-8-E*9 L /R+4ue/3V%:+ . * $&%:s 5 [email protected]/rs*,$!Gx›!*aN+ R'}C -8$&% /o³J @B/DZIQ,+ [ D![ + $4/ -šV%('[email protected] /(1R/3$! [email protected]ƒ*,$!!O.Gx›.*6G-E+!9U%[email protected]/(13/R$! G.+4/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@ [
$zC} +.%¥13*,9 [email protected]>t/3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@ /[email protected];$&%:9U%¥$z"#*2¢, [email protected];+!-¥M +!-EaN+! "Y $N%7!/3$!¤- ^
aN+!¥I/R$!- ^L'@;+!9U² " "[email protected];+!-cM +!-8a+."#$&%raN+!ƒ^ [ žq /[email protected]> $N%E9>-8-E"#$&%c-8%[email protected]>9 /3+ /2¢3*,$k!+k/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@™/R+k"Y*,"#$&%„*]+tJ 9>@_C $J % [email protected]> -8%:o.o-E+!Cy $!*213/6'š3lƒ-`%¥/¥J !9 X/¥J @>/
1R/[email protected]> + .+¥ue/3 %E+ Klm«56CI/3$!-89>*,$F9;$!9;%E9B/[email protected]¬ 6 de!*3$! Q,/[email protected]> "Y $N%A/cJ @>/c!9>-`%x/3$.^8+.-EaN+Klm/3+7 M!+6%H!+
Q,-8/3%[email protected]># "Y.o $N-E%P+!C}Cy*, + $!*[email protected]>13/6-P' ue/R %: + aN+!-A9™! -`%A€ *@>D" $&%: sr"#[email protected]>/R/¥$!s-O*,@>$! r-„%x›!*,*9>aN-P+ /3#-OIC /3$. -E-G $&@; % -GVu 9> 9 g«$&[ %:žq9;[email protected]@>!9; $- £«8569>V-8%x%E/
! A-E+.C} $!*21R/YV %0I/[email protected]> u $&%E9>@] !+X(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@S'6C -E$&% -„C ! "Y "# $&% [
m Cn
p* $(
tu p‹p*
?u q !8$; ep
p* !# $)p u € l $! Q,9;H"Y*2¢3$!$!HC *!+!9;%E?-E*3+!-uv* "#q!H$.+.% 9>$.*,-CI/ $N+! @ *,$r!H(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@!/3+rx›!*
/ 9SJ oV%LC!/ [email protected] *,$œKl ¡8V%x/7!#-E+!Cy $!*213/X/3+ix›!*</(1R/3$&%('Cy*,+ -A% *,9>-P $!-E "[email protected];-G!
CI8/ /3"4 J % - 'q -`%FC -E $&% k ZIQ3+ - [6` C} *,+ x›I/3aN+! ,'~$ uv*,$!V%:9;*,$ !+ %E"#C!-ide!/3$!-¥@;
ž V *3u % $&¦ %:9;@dv3!lƒA-`@B%t/o/4J -8+!!C}9 < $!/3*2+ 1R/ xg«›![ *¥/(1R/3$&% g ' %E%E $. Q39><"#*2¢, $!$!¥!9;"Y9;$N+!i/XJ x›I/3aN+! !,'_!
" "# [email protected] $! Q,9>L I/3$!-„@>G$&% o!L"</3-8-ED€ . -P *,@>@;9>-E9;*,$!-H!9;"Y9;$N+! [ žq 9‚/ @> -„$N+! @ *[email protected]>/<s*3$!Dx›!*aN+ /[email protected]>$&%E9>-E-8$&%#d ue/3 %E+ . * $N%EsD! -Os*,$! -O!Dx›!*DI/[email protected]> u $N%E9> @
[email protected]/ ¦ '!ZIQ,+ *- [ DNgV[
ž *3 % T ž7jdv3lƒ-`%P/AJ .9 ?/3+ox›!*€ 0/ E 9SJ g '3V%E%E $! Q,9>q"Y*2¢, $!$!0/3+.Q,"Y $&%:c/PJ x›I/3aN+! !0C}*,+ ^(/ @>rue/3V%:+ ! * $N%Es¥!#@B/Xs*,$!Y!<x›.*6YI/[email protected]> u $N%E9> @~!+ (/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@
/3+!Q3"Y $N%E3'6! *,[email protected] $! Q, 9>TI/3$.-? @>W$&% O!P"Y/3-8-EP! -?*[email protected]>@>9;-E9;*,$!-b± /3+! Q,"# $&%E [ *,+ #'
3lƒ-`%%E*,+.%_-E9;"[email protected]>"#$&%]@;*,$&% /39 [ 9>$!-89S'(@>/0›.9 / x›.9>$&% [email protected]>- "Y*KJ @>-Cy*,+ ~aN+!9& -8%!
@B/OaN+I/3$&%E9;% T Kl $! Q,9;0"Y*2¢, $!$!WC *!+!9U%:H-E*3+!-buv* "#T.W$! +.% 9>$!*3-bC!/ [email protected] *,$<9;$!9;!$&%'&-E+!9U%
f2¤ H
v CB /c (ref. SN)
v CB /c (ref. SN)
1
MOD.A
0.9999999
1
MOD.B
0.9999999
0.9999998
0.9999998
0.9999997
0.9999997
0.9999996
0.9999996
0.9999995
0.9999995
0.9999994
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000 9000 10000
sec (ref. SN)
0
[
! 4 # Aj 0 - + " j i;-b*,i . j i0,+ " j i h -+C*(*) +
h i;+ 0 +,-,)?* i¢j - h '
'
'
)' h )A)?j h +.*,i?+ * 0 ' h " + + ' i0X**) 'E Xj - -?*) 'E 0 j i * * ?j, ' ' i?+ '
' < -?* ! )*,i & 0 *,- +,- 0 ' h - *8# * h *X* ! h " " + **
# ) 'E 2 i j - % * *$+,+ 0 * (*( * )' )A)?j +
( ' " + Xj(*z) + ' & 1" 0 " + * # h *:)z- " + 0 *,i?+ *8# * h - ' i
i¢j i'& ' 010 h ' i;+ 0 ' +,-,)?* i¢j ' 2
¯
10
3
MOD.A
cb
sn
2
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000 16000
sec (ref. SN)
MOD.C
0.9999997
0.9999996
0.9999995
0.9999994
<E ν> (par Nucl. GeV)
<E ν> (par Nucl. GeV)
10
4
4000
0.9999998
0
10
2000
v CB /c (ref. SN)
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000 16000
sec (ref. SN)
MOD.B
cb
sn
4
10
3
10
10
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000 8000 9000
sec (ref. SN)
0
! `¤# i¢* % " * ( j;*,i?i¢* ) j h - " +C*/+8j -A+
. j ( * h *^i¢*,- + " i¢j,+ ) 'E i?- 0 *8# j i h * ' i?i¢j i
& ' 010 ' - ?j, 'E " * * t*,+ ) 'E i?- 0 *8# j i
h *9+,-,)?* i¢j
' ' - ?j, ' ' i?+ A2 010 * *$+,+
* :) *$# 8+ *,i?+ *8# **,i. j i0,+ " j i h - +C*(*) + h * ' i;+ 0 *
* # . * # *,i?+ " * 0 h * 0 *# *$,+ ' h * 0 ' +,- )?* i¢j ' 2
[
¯
4000
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
10
MOD.C
cb
sn
3
10
0
f,f2¤
2000
4
<E ν> (par Nucl. GeV)
1
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
@B/o›!9 / x›!9;O!-0ue/3V%:+ -T! € * $&%[email protected]>/rs *,$!A!Gx›!*G!/[email protected]> V u $&%:9;@!+4(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@
Cy*,+ @;-?$! +.% 9>$!*3-?C *!+!9U%:-q/3+Fx›!*A/ E 9SJ [ *,+ @>-q$!€+.% 9;$!*,-?C *6.+!9;%E-H/3+Fx›!*O/(1R/3$&%('[email protected]>/
›!9 / x›!9;L $N% [email protected];-T"Y*KJ @>-T-E+.9;%[email protected];@>G!-Wue/3 %E+ -„! * $&%[email protected]>/#s *,$!L!Dx›!*cI/R$!-„@;
€ V l u $! $&Q,%:9>9;[email protected]"#!*2+ ¢, $!-8$!%:AGCI!/ A-E$N+.+!C} @ $!*3*2$X1R/ C [ *!+!9;%EP *R% Gž 7 deaN+I/3$.4 @>@>„V569>-`%: g -8%T9>$6u 9;+ Y/DJ @>@;
C *6 € !+. 9;%:b *R % ¦ '=(/ @S l $. Q3 9>bI/3$! [email protected]>^ $N% ?.q"Y/3-E-8~! -™*[email protected]>@>9;-E9;*,$!-K -8%™[email protected]>+!-_ue /3 9>[email protected];T dvue/3V%: + ! * $&%:sr!-Gs*3$!-A!rx›!*Y!/[email protected]> u $&%:9;@!+œ(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@S'yZIQ,+ - [ gV[ /R9>-O9>@¢i/
[email protected];[email protected] *,$!-b/3M.-E* M -P/OJ x›I/3aN+! !T *3 % W ž 7 a+.T *3 % ¦ '&(/ @B/P! $!-E9U% 0 !+#(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@
-`%[email protected]>+.- @; 1 [email protected]>/Y! $!-E9U% o !+ -`%:o!D-8+!Cy $.*h1R/ [ 9>[email protected] $! Q,9;L%:*R%x/[email protected];cC *6!+.9;%:L *3 % ž 7Ÿ-8%[email protected];+!- @; 1 AaN+!G *3 % ¦ *,"#"[email protected];OC -E $N%[email protected];OCI/ /RQ /3C.›!O-E+!9U1R/3$&% [
m Cn
p* $( u &(
?u q !8$ p
p* !# $)p u € /rZIQ,+ = [ G "#*,$&% [email protected]>/#aN+I/R$N%E9;% G %E*3%x/[email protected];AKl $! Q,9>[email protected]>9;M A$$.+.% 9>$.*,- [ € l $! Q,9>G%:*3%:/[email protected]>
C *6!+.9;%:7/R+wx›!*4/ E 9SJ 7-8%#$!V%E%E"#$&%<[email protected]>+!- @; 1 7aN+Klm/3+ x›!*4/21R/3$&%#(/ @;7$!*,"DM 7!
[email protected] *,$.-<$&% /3$&%Y$ *,@>@;9>-E9;*,$ -8%¥My(/R+!*,+.C [email protected];+!- @>V1 X Cy*,+ @>7x›!*€ / 8 9SJ 7aN+!tCy*,+ @;
x›!*o/(1R/3$&% [ žqD$!*,"DM [email protected] *,$.-P-`%PC -E $&% o -E+ @> -TZIQ3+ - [H.[ /#C *!+!V%:9>*3$t%:*3%:/[email protected]>
!F$! +.% 9>$!*3-D-E+!9U%[email protected]> -o*,+ My-o!FaN+I/3$&%E9;% < !F"</=%:9SJ </3M!-E* M XCy*,+ @>¥x›!*7/(1R/3$&%o %[email protected];
C "#9> x›!*¥/ E 9SJ [ @>+!€[email protected]/7"</3-8-E#Kl ¡ 8V%x/!#-E+.C} $!*21R/k/3M!-8* M < -8% @>V1 3'[email protected]>+.-c9>@™¨ ¢
/7!Y$.+.% 9>$.*,-AC *!+!9U%:- [ /7aN+I/3$&%:9U% r !#"</3-8-E«²£9;[email protected]>o -8%[email protected]>9 € r/3+iue/3 %E+ KlƒV56CI/3$.-E9>*3$ ¬ !+ /3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@[email protected]>* -EaN+Klƒ9>@% /(1, [email protected];- £ 8V%x/!Y-E+!Cy $!*213/ [ lm«569>-8%E$! F!< %8%:¥«5.C!/3$!-E9;*,$
/3+!Q3"Y $N%[email protected]/DaN+I/3$&%:9U% A Kl $! Q,9;A¨ @>9>M O$X$!+6% 9;$!*,- [
/39;[email protected]>Due/3V%:+ šlm«5.C!/3$!-E9;*,$ ¬ /3+!-8-E9^M!9;$œa+.#@>/F"</3-8-Er!#@B/¥-8+!C} $!*21R&/ -8*,$&%L.CI/ /3"4J % -¥aN+!9 /[email protected];$&%:9;-E-8$&%[email protected]>4(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@ [ žq /[email protected];$&%:9;-E-E "Y $&%¥!9;"Y9;[email protected] $. Q39>t!/3$!-¥@;
$&% c!L"Y/3-8-Ec.-„€ *,@>@;9>-89>*,$!-H$N+! @ *,$6²£$N+! @ *,$ %W!*,$. !+!9U%„@>/#C *6.+! %E9>*,$4!L$.+.% 9>$.*,/oJ @Slƒ9>$&%: ue/3 A/(13/R$N% [ Gx›.*,9U57.-H1R/[email protected]> + -0!A -0!+65XC!/ /3"XJ % -T -8%T!*,$.G9;"YCy* %x/3$&% [
€ -CI/ /R"4VJ % -™!+o"#*6KJ @>~*,$&%+!$!H9;#$ "I+! $!H-8+ @B/TC *!+!V%:9;*,$o!-$.+.% 9>$.*,-™ %™@Sl $! Q,9;
@>9;M 7$pC!›!*R%:*,$!-#Q&/3"#"Y/I/3$!-#@>F-8+ -E/3+.%¥ $w Cy$!z/R+!-E-89 [ *3+ *,$!$I/ % [email protected]ƒ9>$#"!+!$! ! -tCI/ /3"4J % -X-E+ @B/ C *6!+. %:9;*,$ !$.+.% 9>$.*,-4V%t-8+ @Sl "#9>-E-89>*,$ŸQ&/R"Y"Y/.'[email protected] -ECI/3 .CI/ /3"4J % -0-`% %:+.!9 R 'I %[email protected]> - [email protected];%:/R%:-0-8*,$&%WC -8$&% -„I/R$!-0AaN+!9-E+!9U% [
FŒ 0’D• – O” ‘’ ’D O”
MI-E*3/[email protected];@,% % V /R %:/2+!13P! /W9J -:@>-0/3/0$&C!%-`/%„+! $C /3" -8 -8 %%:$& ~9;% -:!G/Rb%E9>-E9*,²£+!!$OCy ! -E -8$!*,-*2+!9;13$&- /W%: -E ~/3ue/R%E9>9;*,% $. /3-_C.$N9>+!! @ "Y *, $6$N²£% $N[ +!€ [email protected] -E*,CI$K/3'h @B?/H-E-E+ 9;"D @;[email protected]>aN/R+!%:9;*,@[email protected]> K-]lƒCI+!/$D /R/3"4$!VJ$!% *, $ -²
W U S Z)[
,-/. U!˜W10˜U324)8WOU!$ .5 6$% . 87 6
,-/. U!˜WJZA0CB U/DE" ;$ ZFG)+$ H 6 H NO1PRQSNOAT!UVN Q T!U
Z
¨ ¨
UX WJU†Z U!˜WJZ
99+:<;1!:9+:=;?>99+:
9
9JI6W;X9JIL:;1Y;X>
" Z
999
9JIK9+>
>
#{UXW$%&UX WOU' U!˜W
!>999+:
9JIL:
M
9
()+* OW U
[email protected]
>M
M
9
€ 0$!*,"DM H%:*3%:/[email protected]!Klƒ$!-8"[email protected]>0!0CI/ /3"4VJ % -^"#[email protected]>*2¢ 0 -`%~. f2H 5<f2¤E[[ *,+ .- /39;-E*,$!- ¡ hJ/
13*6aN+ - 'y %x/39;$!-H$!-8"[email protected]>-0!ACI/ /3"4J % -H.OC} "#€ %E%E$&%0CI/3-T/3+7/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@ššl /R%8%: 9>$! @> /(¢,*,$i!o% /3$!-8CI/ $!#! - £ 8V%x/F!r-E+!Cy $!*21R/ [ #$.*,"DM oK± lm $!-E "[email protected];#.oCI/ /R"4VJ % aN+!9Cy "# %8%: $N%[email protected] "Y9;-E-E9;*,$FKlƒ[email protected]>-8A!A-E+ -:/3+.%TQ&/R"Y"Y/D-`%W. 2H 5 f(¤E\([
f,f,f
10
GeV)
40
tot
11
Eν
tot
Eν
10
10
MOD.B
cb
sn
12
(10
GeV)
40
MOD.A
cb
sn
12
(10
10
10
10
10
9
11
10
9
10
10
5000
6000
7000 8000 9000
sec (ref. SN)
0
! G # i¢* % " * +Cj + ' 0 * 0 " & * # *8# * *,ifi¢*,- + "
i¢j,+ ' ' < -?* ' 0 " i?+C* . ' X* ' ' i?+ *,+
j - j - + *,i. j i0,+ " j i h - +C*(*) +
'Eh " * * # A2
#
h
#
h
' i;+ 0 * * . * *,i?+ " * 0 * 0 * *$,+ ' * 0 ' +,-,)?* ¯
GeV)
4000
40
3000
10
(10
[
2000
tot
1000
10
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
MOD.C
cb
sn
12
11
Eν
0
10
i¢j ' 2
10
9
10
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
28
27
26
MOD.A
cb
sn
25
24
23
22
10
10
10
10
10
21
!
10
10
10
0
Masse absorbee (g)
10
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
i¢j '
i &'
%E)' ( ( *$+
) E' h
' +"* * -# ' i
'
' - ' &+8j & *8* )*,i
h
0' 3 j ¢
i * * ?j, ' ' < -?* ! 2
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
26
25
MOD.B
cb
sn
24
23
22
21
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
28
MOD.C
cb
sn
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
0
f,fh{
4000
27
0
[010 Hgj - #h * - 0 ' i?+ +," - + )?* # * h i¢* j (
2000
28
7000 8000 9000
sec (ref. SN)
Masse absorbee (g)
Masse absorbee (g)
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000 12000 14000 16000 18000
sec (ref. SN)
,1 Y %E%Er-E9>"[email protected]/R%E9>*,$š'[email protected];$#"I+! $!r! -ACI/ /R"4VJ % -O-E+ @;-O(/ /3V% € 9>-`%:9>aN+! -O!+œ[email protected]>-8o!+
-E+ -:/R+.%¥ -8% V %:+!!9 R'~V%<C -8$&% kI/[email protected]>-YCI/ /3Q /RC!›!-Y-E+!9U1R/3$&%:- [ lm9;$#"I+! $!4!+ ue/3V%: + KlƒV56CI/3$.-E9>*3$4¬ 6 de £ hJ/ V 1,*a+ GI/[email protected];OCI/ /RQ /3C.›!OC !$&% g -E+ @nl $! Q,9>[email protected];9>M PI/[email protected];
-E+ -:/R+.%HI/[email protected]>T"#*6KJ @>0!W-E+ ue/3PV%?-8+ @>/A±u /3 %E9>*,$YKl $! Q,9>W!+¥/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@)"#C}* % „CI/ @> -H$!+6% 9;$!*,-0-`%TV56C}*3- LI/[email protected]>/D-EV%:9;*,5$ [ [Uf,[
m p !* pTw gq8
€ l $! Q,9;[email protected]>9;M kCI/ @;k(/3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@PI/[email protected]; /(¢,*3$!$!"#$&%4Q&/3"#"</6'b%E*,+.%7*3"Y"# @>@;
"#Cy* % OCI/ @;-H$! +.% 9>$!*,- '!1R/ 9;$&%0$7uv*,$!V%:9>*3$X.-0CI/ /3"4VJ % - [
€ / ZIQ,+ [;f(¤ C -8$&%:œ@Sl 13*,@>+6%:9>*3$ [email protected] $! Q,9;@>9;M !/[email protected]>-8+ -E/3+.%X$Ÿuv*,$!V%:9;*,$z!+
ue/3V%:+ . € * $&%:sT!0-E* %:9; 5 [ € l $. Q39>0-`%~/[email protected]> [email protected] 0I/3$!-^@>H/3 W!+#"#*6K\ J @>?.W-8+ ue/3 %[email protected]> -AC}*,9;$&%:-A*,$.- +.%:9Uuv-L-8*,$&%c*3M.%: $+.-c/(1, <! -L1R/[email protected];+ -G.#¬ .9 - $&%:- [ +65œ/3-L-8*,$&%
C *,C}\ *3- - ')[email protected];*,$7aN+!A¬ ™-`%[email protected]*,+4$.*,[email protected] [
² € /[email protected]>0/3-q*+#J ¬ ­ ¤ '[email protected]> -~!.9 - $N%E-~*,+ M} -q * E -ECy*,$!.$&%c/LJ .-~1R/[email protected];+ -~.Tue/3V%: + !+ \ * $&%:s?9;$!9;%E9B/[email protected] 5 6 aN+!9!/R+!Q,"#$&%:[email protected];*,[email protected]>b-E [email protected]>/!"J x›!LdeCI/ %:9;~9;$.u 9> + [email protected]/0ZIQ,+ g«[
² /[email protected];(/3-_*+AJ ¬ ­ ' 5 -`%‚/R+L *,$&% /R9 Z.5 b %@B/?1R/[email protected]> + !+Gue/3 %E+ KlƒV56CI/3$.-E9>*3$c¬ 1R/ 9;3'}oaN+!9€ * E -ECy*,$! /FJ ¤ +!$i6 [email protected]/3 "#€ $& %A! -O *, + M} [email protected];*,$i @B/ "J x›!tde CI/ %:9;c-E+.C 9>+ [email protected]/D€ZIQ3+ gV[ lm9;$#"I+!€ $!G!+7ue/3 %E+ ! * $&%:s 5 6 I/3$.-T A(/3-T-`%WC -8$&% c-8+ @>/cZIQ,+ [Uf,f,[ :MONAue/3 %E+ ! * $&%EsL!G-E* %:9;c/R+!Q,"#$&%:A-E9 5 6 -`%„C 9>[email protected];+!- @>V1 3 ')"</R9>[email protected] 13*,@>+6%:9>*3$
!O P?Q > $kuv*,$!V%:9>*3$! 5 -`%:[email protected]>/¥" "Y [ € -A/3+6% -OCI/ /3"4VJ % -P-8*,$&%GZ65 - O ­ { '
­ f ' Q ­ f 'IV% ­ .[
!"#$%$'&($)"*&,+.-/"#$02143576,8$'&,9:"#;<
>=
? @ A
? CB D
! ( j h * 0 *
E?
BD
[;f(h ¤ * # +,- . Aj X*0 - f+ " *,j i i
.
'
' ,+C*,-
h * 0 < - i?+ " + * # h *,# i¢* " * 0 " & * # *8# * h ;i +¤- i +,- + -/+ '
'
%
'
'
. j i0,+ " j i h *5 -)?j - h " J * # *,i?+O*$+6 ' 0 *,- + h * 6 L
2 K
5 6 " 'i M{-?*32IK " N= - $* +,+ 0 * . ' ,+C*,- < - " " i'M{?
- *
K¬ ­ ¤
¬
f,f ±
¬
?GFIH
" h ;i + 0 *
'
- 0*
~¬ A­ ¤
[;f3f
! ƒ# ( j h * 0 * h *+,- .
5"#;
Aj 0 - + " j i
' X*
*,i
.
' !1
h * 0 < - i?+ " + * # h *,# i¢* " * 0 " & * # *8# * h
'
'
%
j 0
i ,+ " j i h =
* 5 - )?j - h " J * # ,* i?+C*$+ . ' ,+C*,- 5 6 i " i'M{-?*) ' + +,- 0 */# Aj
h ;i + 0 *
' ;i +¤- i h +,- + ' /- + ?GFIH
'
0' *,- + * 6 - ' A *$ = 2 1 *
0 -/+ " j iz2
¬
¬ ­ ¤
€ -_% *39>-ZIQ,+ -™-8+!9;1R/3$&%E-Hd [Ufh{ ' [Uf ± V% [;fD&g C -8$&%: $N%^@nl V 1,*,@;+.%:9;*,[email protected]>/0u /3 %E9>*,$GKl $! Q,9;
!+4(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@] "YCy* % GCI/ @> -W$! +.% 9>$!*3-W $tuv*,$!V%:9>*3$4!+Xue/3 %E+ ! € * $&%Esc!L-E* %:9> [ $!*,+61,(/R+K')@>-HCy*,9;$N%E-0-E+! -8-E9Uuv-W-8*,$&%W*3M.%: $+.-„/(1, L.9 - $&%:€-01R/[email protected]> + -H.G¬ [
¦!+9;"Y 9;$+.-PP% ( /*,9;-W/(ZI13Q3G+ +! $-'[email protected];/(* ¢, *,[email protected]>+.¬ -H6 @B/ /R+!Q,Q,3"#'69>@K$& %:-8R% 'š@>/[email protected];ue/3$& %:%E9šC!+ @> +!-?!uv* %:* "Y $! so$&%0!ID/3-8$!* -0 %[email protected]>9> L!+i-`%:A(/3!$!A$.-E*,+!$NCyMI /[email protected]>² @
$!*21R/ [ @Slƒ9>$& 1, -ER'[email protected]>/W€ u /3V%:9;*,$cKl $. Q39>? "YCy* % ?C!/ @> -‚$! +. % 9>$!*3-/3+!Q,"#$&%EH /(1,[email protected];~ue/3V%: + KlƒV56CI/3$.-E9>*3$D9>$!9U%:9>/[email protected] [ /T*,$&% 9>M.+.%:9;*,$7/WJ @B/0C *!+!V%:9>*3$c!b$!+6% 9;$!*,-0/WJ @Slƒ9>$&%E ue/R~/ E 9SJ Pdv$&% @>~(€ /3$.$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@6V%@B/Ts*,$!qx›!*6aN+ g /3C.CI/ / %@B/R9 "Y $&%‚-8+ @> -% *,9;-ZIQ,+ -‚@>* [email protected];~ue/3V%: + ! * $&%:sO!„-E* %:9>„!+7(/3$!$.*,$NMI/[email protected]>@}-`%[email protected]>[email protected];+!-que/39;[email protected]>T %[email protected]>/Lu /R %:9;*,$¥Kl $. Q39>O"#Cy* % PCI/ @> -0$!+.% 9;$!*,[email protected]/[email protected]>+.-TQ /3$!.3'I3lƒ-`%Y/rJ !9 AC}*,+ +.$4/3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@!*,$&%[email protected]ƒV56CI/3$.-E9>*3$49;$!9;%E9B/[email protected];„-`%
@B€ /[email protected]>+!- @; 1 [
/GZIQ3+ [;f2{ "#*,$&% WaN+!„@nlm9;#$ "I+! $!W!„¬ $šlm -8%HC -8$&%:PaN+!„C}*,+ ! -q1R/[email protected]> + € - @; 1 W!
5 6 'V%[email protected]/Ou /3V%:9>*3$Y "YCy* % TCI/ @> -q$! +.% 9>$!*,-~/3+!Q3"Y $N%EP/(1, „@;Tue/3V%: + ! * $N%Es„9;$!9U²
%:9>/[email protected] 5 [ € -?ZIQ,+ - [;f ± 6% [Uf D 9;$!!9>aN+! $&%[email protected]> -que/3 %E+ -H 9U13/R$N%[email protected]> -`%:O!O-8+!C} $!*21R/
$Klƒ9>#$ "!+!$&%HCI/R-?-E+ @B/Gu /3 %E9>*,$<Kl $! Q,9>W"#C}* % PCI/ @> -q$! +.% 9>$!*,- C[ /R9>-q %H/ -šV%HC *h19;$&%
!+x›.*,9U5X! -„ue/3V%:+ - 5 6 ')[email protected]>+.€-Tue/39;[email protected]> -W!/3$!-„@;-T(/3-W*]+4J @;-Tue/3 %E+ -„¬ -8*,$&%P$!*,[email protected]‚/39;$!-E9
[email protected]/YZ!Q,+ [;fh{ @;D"#*,$&% [ DCI/ /3Q /3C!›!o-8+!9;1R/3$&%OCy "YV%A!D1,*,9 [email protected]ƒ9>$!.9>L-ECyV% /[email protected]
[email protected]>/c *39>-E-E/3$! [email protected]/L!$!-89;% P I/[email protected]>- ¡ 8V%x/D!O-8+!Cy $.*h1R/.' '!Cy+6%H9>#$ "!+! I/3$!-H P(/3- [
+3
3E+I " $
, &5+ (3$
f,fD
[Ufh{
! # Aj 0 -/+ " j i h * 0 ' . €' ,+ " j i h *,# i¢* % " *
*,i . j i0,+ " j i h -. ' ,+C*,- h *21 j *,i?+ 3 h *2+8j + " *32
j " +$+ ' i?+ - +8j i?+®jE3& +C*,i?-A+)? j - h *$+ ' 0 *,h - + h * 6 h
' - i¢* ' 0 *,- * " i
¬
[;f ±
¬
h -8 i?i¢j i'& 010 *(*)?j + *8# * )
'
'
'E 0 *$+ i¢*,-/+ " i¢j,+
1 $* +/)?j " i?+ + +,- $X*$+$+ " . +F,* i . j i0,+ " j i h * 5 h ,* # j " +$+ i?+O*$+32F < - * Xj - &,*$+=Xj *$+:)?j i h
'
'
"< - *8# 6
* +,- 0 ' % - *32
!; # Aj 0 - + " j i h * 0 ' . €' ,+ " j i h *,# i¢* % " * h -/ ' i?i¢j i'& ' 010 *(*)?j + *8# * ) 'E 0 *$+bi¢*,. j i0,+ " j i h - . ' ,+O*,- h * 1 j *,i?+ 3 h * +8j + " *32 1 *$+ )?j " i?+ + +,- $X*$+$+ " . +b*,i . j i0,+ " j i h * 5 8+ j i?+"jE&3+C*,i?- + ?
) j - h *$+ ' 0 *,- + h * 6 h *,# j " +$+ ' i?+C*$+32 % j - 0 *$+ ' 0 *,- + h *"5 *,+ 0 ' ' 0 *,- h *b i " i'M-?* ) ' + +,- X*,+”+O* . )' ,+ " j i h *,# i¢* % " *32
¬
¬
f,f + "¢
i j,+T*,i
j " +$+ ' i?+ ?j " + " $* +$-
[;f
!; D=# Aj 0 - + " j i h * 0 ' . €' ,+ " j i h *,# i¢* % " * h -/ ' i?i¢j i'& ' 010 *(*)?j + *8# * ) 'E 0 *$+bi¢*,- + " i¢j,+T*,i
. j i0,+ " j i h - . ' ,+O*,- h * 1 j *,i?+ 3 h * +8j + " *32 1 *$+ )?j " i?+ + ,+ - $X*$+$+ " . +b*,i . j i0,+ " j i h * 5 j " +$+ ' i?+ 8+ j i?+"jE&3+C*,i?- + )?j - h *$+ ' 0 *,- + h * 6 h *,# j " +$+ ' i?+C*$+32 % j - 0 *$+ ' 0 *,- + h *"5 *,+ ?j " + " *$+$0 *$8
+ ' 0 *,- + h * ? OAT!U *,+ h * ? Q T!U i " i'M{-?*,i?+ ) ' *
+ +,- X*,+”+O* . )' ,+ " j i h *,# i¢* % " *32
m Cn
¬
p u !*
!* pTw gq8
¬
& q
$Jp8$;%$ &'$ %$ u p
\ /R$!-rCI/E/3Q:/RC!›[email protected] -ACI/:/R"4VJ % -A-E*,$&%AZ.5 -G- @>*,$œ@D%:/[email protected]/3+ [ ± ' %G+!$œ- [email protected] -LCI/h²
:/R"4VJ % -Y1R/89 [ € lV1,*,@;+.%:9;*,$ $ uv*,$V%:9;*,$ CI/:/3"4 J % 3'bx›I/3aN+(/:/V%89>-`%:9>aN+4!+
-E+E-:/R+.€ %XdeCy*,+G+!$/3$!$!*3$M!/[email protected]>@ g '-`% %E+!!9<[email protected]>*3$ aN+¥¬ -8% Q&/[email protected]/4J sE*t*,+ !9.- $&%c
sE* [ - /:/ V%E9>-`%:9;a+ - (/[email protected] [email protected] -G8C!MO/ N [email protected] o"#_*6KJ @ o-8*,$&%[email protected] $ 8Q,9 r!+œ-E+ E-:/R+.% "Y9;-OI/[email protected] "#*6KJ @ A G-E+ `ue/ L*,+t L1,*[email protected]>+!!" Yd P?Q > ' ^P?] Q > g '[email protected] $ 8Q,9 A%:*R%x/[email protected] ""#C}* `% LCI/ [email protected] -T$ +.% E9²
$!*,-od a g '}@>/Yu#:/ %:9;*,$[email protected]$EQ,9$"#C}*8%€ cCI/[email protected] -P$+6% E9;$!*,-PC!/%:/RC!C}*8%Y/¥J @nl $8Q,9L!+
(/R$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected];@^d baNd d c<?> gEg ' %[email protected] Pue/ % + 0 * $N%EsA A-E* `%:9 A!&+ /3$!$!*,$NMI/[email protected]>@bd 5 g«[
ˆ "!
[ ± # ' ' 0 *,- +
5 6
H,¤,¤
- +)( 0 ( + *8# *$+5)?j - k * 0 *) '
'¤ f
¬ 6
)h ' ( *,+ * < -(ži¢* h 'E# (* ) ' +$
¬
,
*
+
'
¤ ¤ E¤ D
' i;+ 0 *$+ % - # *$+ */Aj 0 - +)(h j i
OAP Q ' OAT!U ' Q T!U
h
f
*$+
*$+
'E)' ,+ * ( +,+*( < -?*$+
?
?
E?
D
€ +%,.-/ +
i & ' 010 +32
' i?i¢j '
³
102 34 052 76 1+ 894 8:4;=<3># <4 [email protected] ACB8 -?DE 6 @F4 6 <";+"8/4 [email protected]+0 8
6 /[email protected]?IH1/;*BJ?8#"./8KA +4!>)<?L;M;@+ H9/&;M>)<4 /NAOBJQP 6 <8+ [email protected] %+4N89/;R0 ?
SA8?38CBT+F4 6 <+N81/;RUV<;@+N;*BJ?8#." /8A + /N;=< 6 @1A/4 [email protected] ;<4 ?5GKAS8/4 [email protected]+
+F4W84 4 E!8:4 6 ;/+X?E 6 @4 <8:4 0 Y?Z8OB[< 66 < < 4 6 <++ /;<$,.-/= 052 A.<8+\; 6 < <- < 6 )ž
±
¬
›
¦
6³ 1A8:4U]<;%>)<4 / 5 +F4 6 4 ?4^0
8 6 /43 E3<H9/!H9/S;<_># <4 [email protected]`ACB8 -?SE 6 @4 6 <!;+!8/4 [email protected]+!A?EN?81/<^G
5 6 UCDH9/?a+E$L;[email protected]:4 <A?4 @?D<^G!;+"@8;/+ [email protected]+"A+ 6 < <- < 6 ›+0 ± 02I4 020 <?+
;=<!E3<+ + bA/^<[email protected]<;;RUc4"[email protected] -?b?8?4 ?=<;"AV 6 8A8:4A 5 6fe H9/.<4 [email protected] D 052hgQ0Oi @+ H9/
5 6 </-EN8:4 Uc;*B8-?"A/K^<[email protected]<;; =<?>j +F4 [email protected]+4l<894 UcEN<?+m;<DE3<++ A/^<[email protected]<;;
F<?>fA?EN?89/09n%@8\;\[email protected]$L A\81/;@8+V?8?A894 +YA?EN?89/X4V;RB8 -?4 @4l<;XE 6 @F4
22 ! 052 ! 052
*(
#
Aj 0 -/+ j i
#
Aj 0 -/+ j i
*,i=.
*(
h * 0 . ,+)(j i h *,# i¢*
' )'
j i0,+*(j i h /- i h *$+) 'E)'
*,i=.
(
h i?i¢j '
i & ' 010 *(*)?j + 8* # * ) 'E 0 *$+^i¢*,-/+ 1( i¢j,+$'
*,+ *$+ h 2
- ( j h* 0 $* - +( 2
% ( *
¬ K­ ¤
h * 0 . ,+)(j i h *,# i¢* (* h i?i¢j '
i & ' 010 *(*)?j + *8# * ) 'E 0 *$+^i¢*,-/+ 1( i¢j,+$' )h '
%
'
j i0,+*(j i /- i h $* +) 'E)' ( *, + *$+ h 2
- ( j h* 0 *$- +( 2
¬
±
6AC<B 8; +Y-?8/A4 /?<[email protected][email protected]?81ENL?<89;/;C E e [email protected]@? F4, -/< X;7W+0 887/4 <[email protected]+XP^Ag?0 EN ?89G/‹0 c<?>[email protected]+F4l<8:4U; 6 @/ 8:4l<-
6
6
i<\H9/.<8:4 ?4VACB8 -?YE 6 @4 6 < ;+Z8/4 [email protected]+ A?E!?89/ + ?; 6 < <E 4 +/? OAP Q </-E!8:4 0
n"<8+ ^<+U;*B8-?YA/D^<[email protected]<;;</-EN894 <^G+ <%E3<+ + 0 + 8!<88QPU;+ ,.-/ +7W0W4
7W0 ± [email protected] 894m;[email protected];/4 [email protected]%;RB 8 -?\4 @4l<;WE 6 @F4 6 <m;+Y8/4 [email protected]+ 6 @/m;+mA?.- 894 +
A ;0 ³ [email protected]?4 H9/Y+ ?.¬ ­ ¤ U ;RB 8 -?V4 @4l<;V</-E!8:4 m< G ? OAP Q 03žY44 6</<-<ENE89 4 4 <4 + [email protected]!/[email protected]
@?8+ < 6 ?AXH9/$ =<?>[email protected];=<"># <4 [email protected] c<?>E 6 @F4\A?EN?89/09n"<8+
;W^<[email protected] ¥
/ ¬ [email protected]&89/;RU;*B8-?\4 @4 <;%E 6 @F4 6 <;+8/4 [email protected]+mA?E!?89/"<^G ? O P Q 0
žY?O+BJQP 6 ;?H9/ 6 <Y;<A?EN?89/4 [email protected]%EN<+ +WACB¡4l<D<L+ @LVWH1/<8A ? O PRQ </-EN894 e [email protected]?
,.-/ 7W0 g0.n%@8;=<b># <4 [email protected]&ACB8 -?"E 6 @F4 6 <;+8/4 [email protected]+A?E!?89/0
i +X</4 +m,.-/+XH9/?C 6 1+ 8:4 8:4\;[email protected];/4 [email protected]+X^< <4?+F4 ?H9/+8M>#@84 [email protected]%4 @/+;+
6 < <E 4 +X+ @894 6 1+8:4+W8S<88P 7W0
22 `
n"<8+$;=<K+ /?54 [email protected]/+ 6 1+8:4 @8+D;=<S+1;4 [email protected]+$8+ E$L;+DA 6 < <E 4 +x›@?+ ?+ 6 @/
G<;/Z; "./PbAV8/4 [email protected]+0iaBG<;/.< 4 [email protected]/ "./Pb+4 6 1+ 894A.<8+ ; <\+ 4 [email protected] 10 D Uh4 [email protected]
A+\QPE 6 ;+XA "./1P&@L4 89/+0
m ) &( w %$ u p
q
!‹p
p u w $)p
ep*
xq
8& rq8
i!
L.<;<2¢<-!A!;RBT+ 6 <NA+ 6 < <E 4 + 6 E!4/8- <[email protected]$LIANG<;/+k?8?4 ?=<;+
6 @+ +?L; 6 @/%;b+8¢1+4 E!!<[email protected]<;; +4 DAD+ / 6 [email protected] G<0i +"@894 <?8:4 +"H9/[email protected]:4+ /+¡²
6 4 ?L;+"AD +4 ?8A!Dx›@? P+ @[email protected]+ 6 <%;+"@L+FG< 4 [email protected]+"A+"+/ + </4 +-:<ENEN<0
³ 8f+ / 66 @+ $H9/CBT?;>)</4W8:G1? @8f/8$A? ^<?8kAb<[email protected]<;;+ 6 @/@E 6 @+ \/8+ / + </4%<
/8 + /+ </[email protected] 6 @4 [email protected] ¢88f8:[email protected]/8SA? ^<?8&A 6 /;++0 \8f</4 [email protected]:4 <?894 6 @hG1?8:4bA/[email protected] ;D;/U? ² E EN O;$>)<4 /[email protected] 8:4 NA!+ @4 ? e 5 )g%[email protected]?54 4 IAN;*[email protected] A
AK2 ¤,¤,¤ ‚0 žY+G<;/[email protected]:[email protected],.E + 6 <;+h< /+F4 E!8:4 +b+ /b;[email protected]+bA31E3<88
e ' .†+C* % 0 j g 6 @/;+\+/ + </4 [email protected]:4W; AE+ ›?5> 4%< 6 / 4 bAV4 EN?8V 2 ¤ 2 0]iaB8 -?;?LV1
6 < /87<[email protected]<;;+F4mA\;[email protected] A\Ab2 ¤D : -U14m;>)<4 /YAWi @ 894 WA\+ @F4 ?\[email protected] 6 ?+
8:4 ¤,¤ 4k2 D,¤,¤ 0
@/ 1A/? Y;Yx›@?5PA+ 6 < <E 4 + ?8?4 ?</P]U /8Y+1;4 [email protected]$+F4 >)<?4 V8$>#@84 [email protected]$A/b>)<4 /
A\i @ 894 WA+ @4 ?\A/3^<[email protected]<;;.H9/?][email protected]?4 4 Ab2 ¤,¤,¤ e dIgU14VA;RB8 -?A?+ 6 @8?L;
@1A ;+WAI+ /F>)<[email protected];/E! g C?; [email protected]?4 4 DAM2 ¤D : - e Ad!gQ0]žY?
[email protected]//"?54 ;b<% + //8 + <// 4 e EN
±
6 6 ;/+ ± ¤,¤ ;[email protected]$LmACBT8+E$L;+ ± A 6 < <E 4 + 6 @++ ?L;+ A.<8+a;[email protected] ;VA
[email protected];/E! e [email protected]:4 ;+ @8:4 5 6 ­ 2 ¤,¤ gZ4 < 6 ;/+ ,¤ A<8+a;[email protected] ;YA+/>)<0 @/bG<;/
; "./PSAD8/4 [email protected]+\?++ /+"ACBT/8<[email protected]<;;RUc/8DA/P? E!$+1;4 [email protected]+F4%>)<?54 6 @/\@L4 8?
A+V8+ E$L;+VA 6 < <
E 4 + 6 1+ 8:4l<4 ?>#+ 83\H9/[email protected] 8;=< 6 @A/4 [email protected]!AX8/4 [email protected]+U
<^GWA+ >)<4 / + A\i @ 894 \?8?4 ?=</1Pj4l<;+ 8:4 2 ¤,¤ %42 ¤3¤ %4 + ;@8!;+ A/P!+8< [email protected]+
ACBTP 6 <8+ [email protected] 6 1+ 8:4+"A<8+;=<D+ 4 [email protected]
8 1020 ?8.<;E!8:4^U ` 8+ EbL;+WA 6 < <
E 4 ++ @8:4
/4 ?;?+1+ 6 @/+F4 ?E!k;
"./PjAN8/4 [email protected]+A.<8+;=<+4 [email protected]+ /?G<8:4 ™0 žY+ 6 < <
E 4 [email protected]:4
[email protected]+A.<8+X;%4l<L;^<2
/ 0 D 0
"!
0 D
%®'E)'
#
¦
[email protected] A ;
/>)<
(
,* + *$+ - +)( 0 ( + $* # +)?j - */# ' 0 - * 0 * M{-Dk h x
* i¢*,-/+ 1( i¢j,+ *,+ 0 '
h X*$+i¢*,-/+ (1i¢j,+32
'
­
?
F
<?>
?¢ ?0
5 !
±
!
@;/EN
$#&%
')(+*-,
.
2 2
D
H
2
2
¬
/
0*
2
D
"
U
G
U
U
U
G
2
U AG
2
U
2
2
2
2
U
5U 2
U
U52
2
U
D
U
U52
U2 UD
U52 "
2 U± G
U
¬
D
G
U52
U52
+8*,i;+(&( 0 (1+ * #
D
±
213/546
/ 4 m;<\A?+4 <8YAm;=<+ @/ <\ ;=< Z ;RBJ<8-; AYG1/+F4a/8$>)<4 / ?E 6 @4 <8:4 A<8+ ;
[email protected] ;kA+ m<[email protected]<;;+0 + 8/-O4%;+W8/4 [email protected]+ 4 @/4\@ENE!;+ 6 @4 @8+ ]+ @8:4%>#@4 EN8:4
@;;?E +A<8+I/8 @ [email protected]/G4 / KACBJ8:G? @8 2 7 5 0aiaB[<8-;7A7G/K+4!;RBJ<8-;38:4 &;<
A? 4 [email protected]/ 4%4%;<NA? 4 [email protected];=
< 0 @/G<;/\;*BJ?#8 "./8A$4"<8-; ]?;Z+/ I4
A+1;4 [email protected] ;+ 8/4 [email protected]+ e E$/@8?H9/+ g 9+ ?E$/;+aA.<8+ ;+ @1A+ * ' i?+ 4 %
[email protected]:4
7
98
0:
38
<;
38
>= [email protected]
CB
98
A8
ED
22 G
GF
IHKJL
8
;=<IA? 4 [email protected] aD+F4 6 @ Ak4%<8-;AkG1/0Ci<NA?+4 ?L/4 [email protected]&8/4 [email protected]+ [email protected] 89/$< 6 +
+1;4 [email protected] C+4A?G1?+1 6 <";=<M+ /F>)< e + / g%H9/[email protected]/ 6 !;D @ 8IAV;?E!?4 6 <";*B[<8-;
+ @;?A"@E 6 ?+m8:4 $4 e g
g e e 0g
B
2 <^G. e g ;=<kA?+F4l<8%A\;/[email protected]+ ?54 e [email protected]?V<88QP 0 052hg 14 k;RBT?8:4 G<;;A.<8+Y;H9/;O;<
A? 4 [email protected]+V8/4 [email protected]+ +F4Y+1;4 [email protected]<G<;/ A +4V @?+ ?\;< 6 ;/+ 6 4 ?54 6 @+ +?L;
4 @/4X8< :<8:4\+ / !+ <ENE!8:4A+4 <4 ?+4 ?H9/ 6 @/X/8S< /+4 E!8:4 c;;%+4 @?+ ? < 2 10
/X;+A?+4 ?L/4 [email protected]+<?8+ ? @L4 89/+ c+ @894\< /+4+A+X>#@84 [email protected]+A;=<$>#@EN
38
;
I8
A8
;
B
38
;
B
! a e ba g"
#%$'& #)(+*
e 0-,g
n%/1P PE 6 ;+!ACB[< /+4 E!8:4 +!+ @8:4 6 1+ 8:4+7+ /!;+D,.-/ + 052 ` 4 052 G 0ai<- <8A/
6 1+ 894$+4 6 @ 6 @4 [email protected];;"</[email protected]$LA8/4 [email protected]+ 6 </8?54ACB8 -? e gY4 6 <
/8?547AM+ /F>)< e E B g0 iZ<S,-/ 02 ` +4I;*B[< /+4 E!8:4I+ /b;=<SA?+4 ?L/4 [email protected]/4 [email protected]+
8:4 < Gk;+ 6 < <E 4 +
bA.<8+X;[email protected] ;%A"+/>)< e 4l<L;</
6 /0 [email protected] A/?4 4 +A.<<$ 8;*+aBJ?/8:84 mF>)A<?4<^G?@<
8 0 5 2 0i<W,.-/ 052 G +F4a;RBJ< /+F4 EN894 + /a;<\A?+4 ?L/4 [email protected]
A78/4 [email protected]+ 6 @A/?4 + <S
;*BJ?894 F>)<3< ? <^GM;+ 6 < <
E 4 +
,SA.<8+$;[email protected] ;!A
+ />)< e 4 <L;</ 0/.9g4DA.<8+$/83A?4 [email protected] 2 5 2 0 i [email protected]$L7A78/4 [email protected]+$+F4
[email protected]<;?+1D</[email protected] IAI89/;@8jAI^<[email protected]<;; 6 @/;+8/4 [email protected]+ 6 @1A/?4 + <M
;RBT?8:4 >)<
< ? 4"</[email protected]$LbA89/;@'8 3 ?L;kACB 4l<7A+ / 6 [email protected] G< 6 @/\;+W8/4 [email protected]+ 6 @A/?4 +
<D ;RBT?8:4 >)<<^G<894 e 8&4 8.<8:[email protected] 6 4 "Ak;<$E$/;54 ? 6 ;??4\A+ 6 [email protected]+ 6 @1A/?54 +X<^G %
@/ * ' i?+ gQ0
B
B
+8
K9
A8
B
"8
98
G B
GF
IH
J L
D
10
13
10
unites arbitraires
unites arbitraires
10
12
10
10
10
14
13
11
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
0
Eν (GeV)
052 `# k *5476 0 * h ' †-98,+C*54 *,i?+ h *
0 ' h (:8,+;Q(=<3-/+*(j i *,i?*,> i¢*5;@(* h *A8ži¢*,- +=;Q(1i¢jB8
4 -?j i.(=3C - *A8D6E; j h -(1+F8 ' -HG?jBG 'JI ' i?+FKL6?j -M;
-/iNG ' i?i¢j iE< ' 010 K h ' iO8 0 *H4 j hQ* P 0 * h *R8,-M;
S ' XG *32 0 8 ' @ (1+ h P
h
' -/i ' [email protected] 0 * * I -?*
15
9
h *
5
2
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
Eν (GeV)
052 G # k *5476 0 * h ' †-98,+C*54 *,i?+ h *
0 ' h (:8,+=;Q(=<3- +)(j i *,iT*,> i¢*5;@(* h *A84i¢*,-/+;Q(1i¢jB8
4 -?j i.(=C3- *A8U6E;Xj h -1(1+F8 ' -G?jBG ' ;V;Q( *5P ;X*AKW6?j -';
-/iNG ' i?i¢j iE< ' 010 K h ' iO8 0 *H4 j hQ* P 0 * h *X8,-';
S ' XG *32 0 8 ' @ (1+ h - , ' P -/i ' [email protected] 0 * h * I -?*
!
J
200
!
J
2
h *
2
5
2
2
iaB8-? A+S8/4 [email protected]+&+4fAV 6 ;<<^G;_A+ ?> 4 X4;RB8 -?_A+8/4 [email protected]+KH1/?
6 <FG1?888:4S</ 8?G^</ A ;=< Z X+F4KA?E!?89/VACBJ/8 >)<4 / e 2 gQ0\i<,.-/ 052 H
[email protected]:4 N/8QPE 6 ;3A "./PjA78/4 [email protected]+bH9/? 6 /G8942Y 4 [email protected]+FG +D+ / 0 i +A/1P
@894 ?L/4 [email protected]+ e @K<^G<8:4I4! @1K< ? [email protected]:4 6 1+ 8:4+ 6 @/D/8 <[email protected]<;;[email protected]!;<
A? 4 [email protected]+F4W;;"A;=
< Z e 0 gY4\<^G 20
;
8
;
"8
8
;
22 H
02 Hƒ# 0 -Ak h * i¢*,- +=Q; (1i¢jB8h 4 -?j i.(=C3- *A8 6 ' ; * ' P 6 ' ; G54 B K 6E;Xj h -1(1+ 6 ' ;4- i G ' i?h i¢j iE< ' 010
6 ' ;†+*( G,- 0 (*5~; 2 *A8 GXj i?+=;Q(=<3- +)(j iO8 *A8G?jBG 'JI ' i?+®*,+ ' ;V;Q( *5; * 88j i?+ 6E; *A> 88*,i?+ *8> *A832 0 8 ' @(1+ - ,
h iO8 0 * 4 j h * P 0 * h * 8,-M; S GX*AK
h
h
'
'
'JI *AG-/i ' [email protected] 0 * * I (:8"*8> * *A2
!
D
!J
4/
(+*
6
1 4/
YX < 6 ?4 < 6 1+ 8:4\A+ PE 6 ;+ A 6 < <E 4 [email protected];/.<8:4 8!>#@84 [email protected]/D4 E 6 + A.<8+
;"1>^ 8:4 ?;A/K +4 Ak+ / 6 [email protected] G< <?8+ ?CH9/k;"<;/; A/ "./PKA8/4 [email protected]+\<44 ?-8.<8:4X;<
Z 0
i +%>)<4 / +"ACBTP 6 <8+ [email protected]_+ D+ @8941Ga;+Y 4 $A+ 6 < <E 4 +%?E 6 @F4l<8:4 +\H9/? ?8 "./8:4+/
;RB [email protected];/4 [email protected] A/ <[email protected]<;;"A.<8+;+ 4 <`A_+/ 6 [email protected] G<0i +</4 + 6 < <E 4 + @/8:4
-<;EN894N/8 @Y ;[email protected];?-^<L;&A.<8+N;RBT+F4 ?EN<4 [email protected] A;=< 6 @1A/4 [email protected]/4 [email protected]+ 4
[email protected]/ "./PAb8/4 [email protected]+W< ?5G<8:4\+/ Z 0 <[email protected][email protected]/+\;kG @8+ 6 ;/+\8fAV4 <?;
A.<8+;" < 6 ?54 k+/?G<8:4 BT+F4W;*B[<8-;%AG1?+1 c;RBJ<8-;W8:4 kA?4 [email protected]/ 4\4;;"A;<
Z "G/A 6 /?+;<$+ @/ cH1/? + <!; 6 ;/+AV4 E!?8.<8940
:
;
8
B
GB
;
8
38
98
98
2
B
i < 6 @1A/4 [email protected]/4 [email protected]+$< 66 < <+Y 4k8.<4 / ;;E!8:4bA<8+b;[email protected] ;!A+ m<[email protected]<;;+0
@/ 4 <?8+ 6 < <E 4 +ZA/[email protected] ; ;+ 8/4 [email protected]+ 6 /G8:4 Y 4 6 @1A/?54 +Z8- <[email protected] 0
<?+&;/ 8-?_+F4fA ;[email protected] _A H9/;H1/+S8:4l<?8+SA 4S;+&AV4 4 / [email protected]:4
@ 6 4 ?E!?+1+ 6 @/;=<&AV4 4 [email protected]!8/4 [email protected][email protected]:4k;RB 8 -?I+F4b+/ 6 ?/ 3</ Zb0Zn% 6 ;/+
;@ + H9/;*B[<8-;\A"G/</-E!8:4 .;RB8 -?"4X;"[email protected]$L"A8/4 [email protected]+XA?E!?89/8:4^0 + 8K -]4
;+ 8/4 [email protected]+ ;+ 6 ;/+I8 - 4 ?H9/[email protected]:4YA?+4 ?L/V+ 6 ;/+ </38:4 \A/[email protected]\A/ 4 @ /! ?;[email protected]:4
</++ ?V;+ 6 ;/[email protected]$L /1PO0 \/ /+ EN894 ;RBT?8>#@ EN<4 [email protected]+ /$;=<KA?4 [email protected]/+ / + </4D4$A
;=<7A/1!A+ 7 AV4 4+ 6 <";+"+ <4 ;;?54 + 6 EN4AI1A/?D;DL/?4%AD>#@8A_A.<8+;<
E!+ / A/ "./P&A8/4 [email protected]+0
Y44 71A/4 [email protected]/L /?4A3>#@8Aj+F4 6 1+ 894MA.<8+b;<+ 4 [email protected]
8 020Zi ++ ?E$/;=< 4 [email protected]+H1/?
[email protected]/+ 6 E!4 4 8:4 ACB4 <L;? ;[email protected] mAOBG 8E!8:4 +V?+ + /+aA/IL /?54 Am>#@8AD4 A/D+?-8<;A.<8+
;MAV4 4 /
+ @894 1+8:4+7A.<8+I;=<f+ 4 [email protected]
8 0 0 Y+!+ ?E$/;<4 [email protected]+ 6 EN4 4 8:4
-<;EN894 A<;/;a;=<"+ />)<6 / -O4 ?GACB
+e 4 [email protected]
8 0 ,:g <^G\;<H9/;;m;[email protected]$L
ACBGa8E!8:4 +X<44 8A/+ 6 /4 Y 4 @L4 89/MA?4 E!8:40i +V1+ /;54l<4 [email protected]:4 6 1+ 894+A.<8+Y;<
+ 4 [email protected]
8 /0 .0 + 8,.8K;=<D+ 4 [email protected]
8 0 6 1+8:4 k/8kA?+ /+ + [email protected]&A+\1+ /;4l< 4 +0
C:
"8
8
98
38
0B
38
38
:
:
#
"! ?=$#%
,.-0/2143
6
134
/
.
6
*
%
6
*
6
0/
4
&%
0(
134
/
%'#
=
(")+*
ai [email protected]+G<4 [email protected] A+S8/4 [email protected]+K<++ @1?+</P + / + </4 +-:<E!E3< < 44 6 <F4 ?/;=< ?4fH9/
;[email protected]@88.<BY 4%AOBJ/8 6 <4W;=<3A? 4 [email protected]+"8/4 [email protected]+%4ACBJ</4 6 <F4 ];=<3A/1DAD;RBE!?+ [email protected]
4 <j
H9/;[email protected]:43;;K< /
;?/O0 Y+7A/P ?8>#@E3< 4 [email protected]+ 4 E 6 @;;M47<8-/;=<? [email protected]:4
[email protected] 6 <;++ < 4 ;;?54 + 0 + ;;+ 6 EN4 4 8:4WAb1A/? k+ ?-8?,.<4 ?5GEN894;L/?4A>#@8AO0
i +A/[email protected] 6 @+ <894 +"AI4 4 D1A/4 [email protected][email protected]:4 6 1+8:4+A.<8+"4 4 I+ 4 [email protected] iaB4 /AIA
;=<M+8+?L?;?4$A/jAY4 4 /
H9/?4;RBG<;/<4 [email protected]!;=< 6 @L.<L?;?54$AIAV4 4 [email protected]
<++ @1?W</[email protected]$L XACB Ga8E!8:4 +YA\+?-8<;.<44 8A/+ 4 6 < ;;A/3L/?4 A>#@8AO0 + ;;+F4
P 6 ;?H9/VkA<8+X; 6 < <- < 6 0520 0
+8
:
<; 65
87
38
"8
<;
>[email protected]?BA&CEDBFHGJI LK
:9 ›,¦®„Xšƒ—˜‘ „ ¥ «~ –™–š–›~•
|~} • ‚ ›~‡,\„†¦(¦(‰™‚¢“‰ ¥ – A«~ ‰‚A›,: ‰ ¢
— “‰ ¥  ‰J• ¥ ˆ:‰)¦(‰J•3š ‰Jš ‰
—¢“‰ ,‰)›~‚:‚­"“‰ „†T™”‰)–•‹—8‰ 6„ ¥ ›,6„†ŽA›,\„Xš–›,•
| †Œ Š
2 2
‰€™Lš¤„ ¥ š  ‰J‰)¦{‰)•3š
) q !Tw $ u p
+3
+ !8$ q !
u pTq
q8
3E
0"@/ 8 $ < 4 /A?3;=<&A/17AOBEN?+ + [email protected] A+$+/ + </4 + < 6 <4 ?A/<4l<;@-/ . 7 A/
AV4 4 / 7 + H 0 iaB 6 @4 + I/4 ?;?+1 e + /";<H9/;;[email protected]/+" G1?8A @8+ <7
;=<N,.8_AD
<6 <- < 6 ^g"+4H9/N;< [email protected]/ L!AN;/EN? DA+k8/4 [email protected]+ V+/?4kQP<4 EN8:4$;=<[email protected]/ L!A
;
38
;
;
;/E bA/ +/ + </4-:<ENEN<0]iZ<7H9/.<894 ?4$AD+ ?-8.<; ?8:4-1bA.<8+";4 E 6 +"AY 6 [email protected]/
4 E 6 [email protected]+ G<4 [email protected] n%77E Y EN!4 E 6 [email protected]+ G<4 [email protected] ZAV 6 8A`;<H9/.<8:4 ?43A7L/?4bA
>#@8Aj?8:4-10 i<KA/13A+$+ / + </4 +$-<ENEN<7G< ?NAN;RBT/8 <K
;RBJ</4 0 ? ;*[email protected]@L+G34 @/+
;+m+ / + </4 +X<^G/874 E 6 [email protected]+ G<4 [email protected] -:<; <$ ;<bA/1"EN< P?EN<;[email protected]+FG A++/ + </4 +
/8N- <8A 6 <4 ?!A7;[email protected]+FG< 4 [email protected]@8+ ?+4 <8/8L /?54bA3>#@[email protected]!?8.<8:4^<k; 6 ;/+
+ @/G894 :;m+?-8<;+ <"8 -?+F4 1 6 8A.<8:4 /8$4 E 6 + 6 ;/+ @/F4 H9/m4 E 6 [email protected]+ G<4 [email protected]
i 4 E [email protected]+FG< 4 [email protected] @/W/8f+ /+ </4"[email protected] +4%[email protected] 6 ;/4 @Y 4\AY,.8? < 6 <4 ?XA/S4 E 6 +
A 7 6 + c+;@8 6
<;
I8
8
38
"8
8
e 02 g
@ / +4I;34 E 6 [email protected]+ G<4 [email protected] EN< P?EN<;Y</4 @?+1 6 @/b4 @/+D;+$+ /+ </4 +0 i 74 E 6 +
[email protected]+G<4 [email protected]$<4m^<;/; 6 @/ </8IA+m2 J,J.%+/ + </4 + 8-?+4 1+ 4a1 6 4 @ ?+ A<8+ ;
^< 4l<;@-/ . 7 A 7 + 0:i m4 E 6 + [email protected]@L+ G<4 [email protected]@?54 Y 4 3G<;/Vm<,.8IACBT?8:4- /8
EN< P?E$/E AW+?-8.<; 6 @/V/83EN?8?E$/E AL /?4VA\>#@8A 9A.<8+V;XL/[email protected] 8? /83E!?;;/
< 66 @4a+?-8.<;+ / L /?54^0i + ,-/ + 0524 0 4 ?1+aA44 <8.<; 1+ [email protected]:4 8:4 ;<W># <4 [email protected]
AX+ ?-8.<;?8:4-1X8I>#@84 [email protected]/!4 E 6 + [email protected]+ G<4 [email protected] :4 ;m4 E 6 + [email protected] [email protected]+FG< 4 [email protected] 6 <
+ / + </4 6 @/I/8`4 E 6 +!EN< P?EN<;[email protected]+FG< 4 [email protected]`,P 0 8 6 /[email protected]?DH9/ 6 ;/+!A G d A/
+ ?-8.<; +F4$8 -?+F4 17< G2 [email protected]+FG< 4 [email protected] 4$H9/M 6 @/ 8:4l<- 6 <++ < H d 6 @/
/8 @L+FG< 4 [email protected] A J, +0 @/J, + X;f4 E 6 +K -]4 ?>[email protected] 8 ! +4AH
, + 6 <
+ / + </4^0 ?8+ ? O+? 6 8A.<8:4/8IA/1 @[email protected]+FG#" P?Q > C;$4 E 6 [email protected]+G<4 [email protected]_/4 ?;?+1
=
ILK
NE ?8 e 2
g
;
I8
>8
"8
I8
7
I8
"
38
=
8
8
8
; ' G,+)(j i h - 8 ( @Ai ' 0 jJ<588*5; I *‹> *,i
#
S j iUG,+)(j i h -¤+O*5476 8 h jJ5< 88*5; I ' +)(j i%$'&(')~2
! 052
S # h *5476 8 4 j˜*,i h jJ<588*5h ; I ' +)(j i
j iU,G +*(j i - +C*5476 8 4 ' k(F4 ' 0 jJ<588*5;
! 0
2
*,i
I ' +*(j i*$'&(+)~2
+ <%" P?Q > = 0 i [email protected]$L bACBG 8EN894 +ADL /?54"A$>#@8A " I NN<+ [email protected]?<7
4 4 DA/1
+ <D1A/5?4 < " I N [email protected] /$
+4X;W>)<4 /A"1A/4 [email protected] E
6 @ ;]A/&L /?54mA%>#@8A 6 @/
" P?Q >
=!
e 0g
Yb>)<4 /WA1A/4 [email protected]+ /%;k4 E 6 [email protected]+ FG<4 [email protected]+F4%4 @/4 <I >)<?4\+ 6 ?5,.H9/I</P+ @/ +
[email protected]:4;%4 E 6 +XACBE!?+ [email protected]+4\@881/O0 ; [email protected]<A.< 6 4 <I ;*B4 /AkA++ /+ </4 +\-<ENEN<0
:
;@8 0 "@/ 8 .;*B 6 @4 + A"AV 6 <F4 .H9/.<8:4 <D<^[email protected]?/8 "./P&A"8/4 [email protected]!H9/? +/?G
;"/PKA+ 6 @4 @8+X-:<ENEN< +4/8 6 @4 +A?+ /4l<L;0cn"<8+;<A A/[email protected] ; m<8M3
[email protected]<;; BT+4V/8 6 @4 +\G<;<L; ;+ 8/4 [email protected]+ + @8:4 6 @1A/?54 +a4 @/4V</N;@8-"A/ 6 <@/+
38
;
;
;
<;
8
;
+8
8
;
:
A/ <[email protected]<;; A.<8+$;+ 4l<fA3+ / 6 [email protected] G< 4$;++ /+ </4 +D+ @[email protected] 6 @+1+bA 6 ;/+ ?/+
^<[email protected]<;;+0.iaBEN?+ + [email protected]&A/K+ /+ </4\8CBJ<D;?/&H1/;@ +H1/k;"^<[email protected]<;;%E! -"A/+F4 kA
;=<I+ / 6 [email protected] G< OEN<?+;<NA/1A$+ <!4 <^G+1D+4%Ab;*[email protected] kAH1/;H9/+%E!+ e ?8>^ ?/ + <3
;<
;=< -/m4 6 ?H9/ACBT/8 6 /;+A/+/ + </4lgXA.<8+X;"1> 8:4 ?; A;[email protected]+FG< 4 /0
;
;
B
>8
8
#
+3#,
i ++/ + </4 +K-:<E!EN<+ @8:4KA+K+ @/ + 6 @84 /;;+ ?;+M8CBJ< 66 < <?+ +8:4KH1/jA.<8+/8
>#8 Y 4 W1A/?54 AW;<%[email protected] /Y 4 \;+4 0iZ<kA?4 [email protected]\;=<+ @/ \[email protected]/"<^GW/8 6 1?+ [email protected]
.;"+?-8<;[email protected]@L+FG kA.<8+/8S<8-;"[email protected];?A I
>8
e 2
e 0-,g
g B
?.;[email protected]$LAOBG 8E!8:4 +YAL /?4 A>#@8A#" I N%+ /a4 @/4 ;RBJ<8-;m+ @;?A 9+4 @881/ <;@+
;[email protected]$L ACBGa8E!8:4 +AL/?4 AX>#@8ANA.<8+V;RBJ<8-;+ @;?A
;%>)<4 /XA1A/4 [email protected]<8-/;=<? WA/L /?54XA">#@8A .H9/?CG</4
AG1?8:4"
I8
8
I [email protected]
!8
/ 7+F4
e 0 .:g
YI>)<4 /A!1A/4 [email protected]<8-/;=<? [email protected]!E$/8 <M
4 @/4 +;+_4 /A+k+ /;++ @/ +
6 @8V3
4 /;;+0
i<7G<;/"A 6 @hG1?8:4bA!;<71+ @;/4 [email protected] <8-/;<?$A+?8+4 /E!8:4 + 6 ;<+"+ /k;+"+ <4 ; 3
;?54 +$4IA&;<[email protected];/4 [email protected] A/ 4;[email protected] 6 <_
8/4 [email protected]+0ai<1+ @;/4 [email protected] <8-/;=<? NA+I+ < 4 ;;?54 +
+BT+F4N>#@4 EN8:43<E ;[email protected]+IA 8? +N<88V+ ;;7+4NEN?;;/3H9/ 2 0 i<[email protected];/4 [email protected]
ACB
</1Pd8 -?+WA+8/4 [email protected]+G8:4 /;;EN8:4 @1A/?54 + <%;+%+ /+ </4 +-:<E!E3<
A.<8+\;"[email protected] ;"A+ m<[email protected]<;;[email protected]?8+m,.8 c;;"+4\6 ACBJ8:G? @8 6 < e >0,.-/
0 , ,:gQ0On"<8+W;=<N+ /?54 ;=<!G<;/WA$;<N1+ @;/4 [email protected]<8-/;<?k+4
6 ?+ < ,! bH1/? 6 E!4WA
-:<A;+X8/4 [email protected]+ e A/&+ ?-8.<; g [email protected]:4;RB8 -?"+4?8> ?/ < $0
:
I
:
"8
"
+ ,
!/ +8
+3
?+78 @E!E$/8 V;+3>)<4 /+MAf1A/4 [email protected] 4 E @ ;;4&<8-/;=<? [email protected]/?+8:4 <
/8
>)<4 /Ak1A/4 [email protected]&A/KL /?54XA">#@8A$# I N 6 @/;[email protected] L+FG< 4 [email protected] " P?Q >jA
# I N " P?Q > e 0 g
8 8<8:4 J, + @E!E! 4 E +;?E!?4 [email protected]+G<4 [email protected] < + /+ </4 d A/k+ ?-8.<;[email protected]+FG + 4 ;a6 4 E 6 + [email protected] [email protected]+G<4 6 [email protected] 6 <Z+ /+ </4 +4 A , 6 +0 i >)<4 /H ZAY1A/4 [email protected] E 6 @ ;;
2 J,
I8
8
+8
98
+ /"/8I<88V 6 @/W/8_+ /+ </4 CG</4 , 7 e , 5 W. 5 , g 2 2 2 5 2 \ 0Ci $>)<4 /"A
1A/4 [email protected]<8-/;=<? 6 @/V/8 6 1?+ [email protected] , +4YA 2 2 . 5 2 : 0i X >)<4 /VA\1A/4 [email protected]
AL/?4XA">#@8A 6 @/X89G1? @8 2 7 @/ 6 8A.<8:4\/8<8 AG1?8:4
# I N e 0 g
[
2 5 2
"8
38
=
98
K B
Cn
?u I8
q x
q w u p
i VL /?54 AY>#@8A e g4 ;V+?-8<; e g 6 EN4 4 8:4 AVAY4 E!?8 ;<+8+?L?;?54 CA B
6 @/C/8k+ ?-8.<;Aa8/4 [email protected]+0 i<m;@?A @?+ [email protected]@88 ;< 6 @L.<L?;?54 [email protected]+ FG " G 8E!8:4 +
+ [email protected]:4W< 4 4 8A/U+
e "g #"
" &
!
e 0 ` g
? " G 8E!8:4 +%+ @8:[email protected]+ Ga+ O;8?5G</[email protected],c<8%$ e gAb44 bE!+/ +F4%[email protected]
8
6 <;< 6 @L<L?;[email protected]+G\+ " Ga8E!8:4 + @/ 6 ;/+
8
&
$ e gQ ' (e Cg
e 0 G g
( ;+F4%8V++ <? Ab 4 ;RB 6 @4 +bACBT/8 ." /4 /.<4 [email protected]+4l< 4 ?+F4 ?H1/kA/fL /?4A>#@8A @8
@?+ ?54m/8\G<;/Y;?EN?54 A/M8?G</MA%@8,c<8 ($ _ 8MA+ + @/+A%;<H9/;;;+NG 8EN8:4 +
@L+FG +$+ @894b+ / 66 @+1+$8 6 <+G8?A/L /?54bA!>#@8AC0Zi [email protected]$LNAOBG 8E!8:4 + ^
" _aH9/
B
;
0
;
8
;
;[email protected]&[email protected][email protected]+FG\[email protected]?54+ <4 ?+F>)<?%;";=< 4 [email protected]
&
$ *) e gQ ' (e g-,.$(_
( +)
e 0 H g
i< 6 @L.<L?;?4A!AY4 4 [email protected] ACBT/8 + ?-8.<;aAI8/4 [email protected]+k<++ @1? <&
/8 + /+ </4b-:<ENEN<7+F4b;<
6 @L.<L?;[email protected]+ FG%</&[email protected]?8+ "_\Ga8E!8:4 +U
'&
( e g
e 02 g
)
(
</1P R+/ + </4 +8/4 [email protected] Z+ <!AV4 E!?8V"A44 >)<[email protected]/ 8C0
e g"
i<D+ 8+ ?L?;?54%AOB
8 <XG1/bH9/ ; L/?4ZA >#@8A 6 /4 Y 4 1A/?4ZACBT/8>)<4 /-:<; < 21 3%2 [ e Hc0 0 :g ^4 @/4
b
83-:< A<8:4 H d A/7+ ?-8.<; :;+ 6 < <- < 6 +V+ /?5G<894 [email protected]:4 8:4m;+ + ?Eb/;=<4 [email protected]+ 6 EN4 4 <8:4
ACBG<;/X;"[email protected]$L"ACBG 8EN894 +WAL/?4XA>#@8A4A+ ?-8.<; <44 8A/+0
7
8
54
#
71 6
*
(
%
1 4/
;
6
i<S+?E$/;=<4 [email protected] @8:4 m<;@f<;<A3AY;?^< 4H9/CBT;;[email protected]?4 6 1+ 894 [email protected] 4 E!8:4D;<
1<;?54 e 4 ;;"H9/[email protected];=<[email protected]<+Y854QgY8K/8&4 E 6 +XA<;/; H9/? 8k+ @?54 6 <+XAVE!+/1EN8:4W;@8-0
WBT+4 6 @/ H9/@?X;[email protected];/EN+N/4 ?;?+1+ 6 @/!;=<_- 8V <4 [email protected]`A+38/4 [email protected]+N<?8+ ?H9/ 6 @/N;<
6 @ 6 <-:< 4 [email protected];=<$AV4 4 [email protected]+XE$/@8+X?8A/?4 [email protected]:4 6 <+X;+E Y E!+0
i [email protected];/E!?8+F4 /EN894A/IAV4 4 /V+4 AV,8? 6 < ;+a;?-8+ 4 ;/ E 6 ;=<E!8:4 BJ+4 /8
1;[email protected]:4";$8:4 [email protected]:988?AD<^GI;bL.< 18:4 IA/AV4 4 /[email protected]:4";< </4 /"4";
A?<
E 4 "+ @8:[email protected]+ 6 <;=< 6 @+ ?54 [email protected]\;=< </4 /\A+\;?-8+0iZ<I;/EN? 6 @1A/?54 6 <X;
2 W.
$:
:
;
;
6 <++ <-VACBT/8kE$/@8k+F4 AV4 4 <L; E Y E! + ?:; E$/@88 6 <+ + 6 <+ QP<4 EN8:4 A.<8+ ; [email protected];/E!
?8+4 /E!8:4A/fAV4 4 / ]^<\;=<I;/E!? + 6 @ 6 <-+/ 6 ;/+?/ +WA? ^<?8+\AE 4 +0]i [email protected];/E!m?8+4 /E!8:4 9</-E!8:4A<8+ 4 @/4 + ;+aA? 4 [email protected]+ AOBJ/8A?+4 <8jAV,.8? :AG1?8:4
;[email protected];/ENDA 6 @ 6 <-<4 [email protected]_< 66 ; R^<844 0 6 ?H9/E!8:4;=<M;@8-// G</4, >#@?+";<
;@8-// ACBJ<[email protected] 6 4 [email protected]:i [email protected];/ENA- 8V <4 [email protected] A.<8+ ;H9/;;+a?8:4 <4 [email protected]+ A+ 8/4 [email protected]+
+ @894X+?E$/;+ +4AV4 EN?8V 6 <; 6 < @/ +XEN< P?E$/E ACBT/8KE$/@8 6 @1A/?40i +XA? 894 +
[email protected];/[email protected]:4W?;;/+4 1+Y,-/ 0 ,0
38
98
98
8
!8
38
volume de génération des neutrinos
L
L
volume
instrumenté
L
canette
0-,
8 =;)( I [email protected]> 5> ; )(!A8"#;Q( #B8AK$% G #&'() I M4
( O 8 ;*M 4+ -> ,
J
2 4 3 6573
:<;=?>@;@ACBD&>FEG= HEG>IAJ>IAK=
. 0/ 1
98
Mi L"+?-8.<; NBOL+4 <$
A?QPL%;QL+m8RL/4P [email protected]+
P @ GL8.<8:4AJL";<$+ @/JP N-LTLS 4 /A?-SL L"<?8+ ?]H9/JL;UL+Y8JL/4P ? 3
6
[email protected]+< 4 [email protected]+ 6 L-S P ?H9/JL+"[email protected]:4-VLS 87LWS PLS + <7
;*B[<?AJLA/
6 P @-P <E!E?L YX$Z [ 2 \ [ 2 ]\ [ 2 ^_\*0CiML
[email protected]<?J8 LDJA L!V- SL 78 LWS P <4 [email protected]
8 L`
8 LS R8 L-P -?ULIAJLEN<8A7?SL L+4A?G1?+LaS L8`2 ?8:4bL-PFG<;;QL+!LS -</PcL8`L-S N L;;QL
;@-:< P ?54 E!?H9J/ [email protected] L+XJ8 L/4 P [email protected]+X+ @8:4X4- LS 78 L-S PLS ++ L;@8&/8K?8:b4 LWPG<;;UL GLS 8?54 <;L4/8ed./P&</fN @?5P
AJLK;RBT/4 ?;?+ <4 LJ/ P0 Mi L&[email protected];/?
E L&JA LK4- LS )8 L-S P <4 [email protected]
8 L+4N7A LS b4 L-PEN?78 L S 6 @J/ PaN < N/8 JA L+!?8:4 L-PG<;U; Lh
+ L8
LS R8 L-P -U? L e Q; L%[email protected]$RL PLAC'B LS <G LS J8 L?
E L8:4 +\,8.<M; L+FY4 [email protected] P EN<;?+ L S 6 < P;=<D+ /?b4 L^g0
i [email protected] P +"RA LD;=<34- LS 78 L-S P <4 [email protected] ]JA L+ 6 @?A+W+ @8:
4 N^<U; N/; LS +0 j ;+ 6 LWP k
E L4 4 L8:4JA LhP Lb4 [email protected]/G L-PU; Lld/P/4 ?;?+ L S
@6 J/ PD;=<4- LS 78 L-S P <4 [email protected] Q; Lmd./P RA LKR8 L/4 P [email protected]+!<4 [email protected]+ 6 L-S P?H9J/ L+ [email protected]
/ LJ8 [email protected] PLK/g
8 d./P H9J/ LU; [email protected]/ L
H9/JL$;*[email protected]/4TLS 4 /A?ULWP00 <PW;=<N+/?4Lb?; +/RnkP <3ACBJ<_IL-N4bL-P"N-L 6 @?A+ <
N <H1/RLoLS G<LS 8JLE?L8:4
6 @/RP
@L4 L8Q? PU; L+A?+Fb4 P ?L/4 [email protected]+H9/M? [email protected] PP L+ 6 @8JA L8:4W<p
/ d/P&7A LS + U? PLS 0
8
-D
<;
8
H
8
;
;
;
;
I8
I8
;
8
2
;
;
:<; = EGDF=
iML + 6 @ ?A+";QL+ 6 ;/+%[email protected]/JP <E!EkL8:4"/4 ?;?+LS + O+ L;@8_;=<[email protected];=< 4 /JP LDACB
[email protected]:4 2 L4 ,0
2%L [email protected]?4X;QL%[email protected];/E?LWAJL;=< N^<8JL44bL e A.<8+X;UL%N^<+AOB'LS G<LS 8JLEkL8:4 +"[email protected]/+ [email protected]?4;<$+ /JP 3
>)<NWL%LWIL-N 4 ?GL e 6 @/JP ;UL +mSL G L S 8RLEkL8:4 [email protected]'3 [email protected]:4L89/+lgE$/;54 ? 6 ;?L-S L 6 <P;UL 6 <[email protected]/JP+YL#LWN4 ?>
A/KE$/@8 e # g0.iMLN @? P&+"L >)<?54+L ;@8K;RB'L S 8JLWP -?Q"L A/K8JL /4P [email protected]@8+?A7LWS PLS 0
38
8
8
;
[email protected] PL+ 6 @8A</ 6 @?A+"AJLI-4LS 87L-S P < 4 [email protected] O?; L+F4A?QYL-S PL8:4 6 @/RP%N <H9/JLgSL G<LS 8JLE?L8:4^0 )L
6 @?A+ L+4A7LS ,[email protected]@ENEkL
* e g # !
!iLWN
" # %$ '& ( ( " )& ( *,+ L.-0/21QL435N./L76JP)8:96:1;)<UP L=RL>[email protected]?OL7-0ABN-LC=RL7-DA '-L7-.
# * L.-0/E1UL>35NF/bL.6JPL78 L7S 8JLWP*9<QL)+:[email protected]?OL7-0ABNWLG=RL7-2A )- L7-IHJ<;1J')6K/
-*< S
T$)
MLN LN ( " -*< O Q
.
L
/
R
P
O
O
("
AJP L78:=TL.8TN7U)VWAK/L 1ULdB6XY6K/Z<1;<-LCS AJU6JPE1[\9VL7S 87LWS PZ'/*<;U8]+^L-N O 1?_<8:=:<QN-L -*AGL-NF/bPZ'1
=R L`1; 1;U<a=JL A:6:<;-0-Z)8RN-LG=JLN-L%dB6X N ,
L.-0/E1[M-LWN./*<;U8fLWnkN7N-L /ZU)/Z)1ULC=RL7-28JL76/bP*<8:U-.
#` # L.-0/1ULC8:U)V bJPLC=RLG8c6JN.1L.S U8:- 3 N7<b:1ULCAB_PEVed7
L7-f/`1;gAJP*U)bB)b:<1;</ `SL hc6I?i6:8j8JL76/bP*<8:Ug/bP*!iL-P0-Le1[mFL-P PL)+ML.1;1QLlL7-f/G=)7SL AGL78:=:)8k/bL
=RL ( L./E=JL ( ! L.-0/E1ULC8KUV bJP LG=RLG- L-N.U8:=JL.-AB_P'8I
l =:<V?L.8:-*<U8m=JL $ L7-f/ [_n L.opVWqr- Pg-r)8 \+s=KU8JNt1;u=:<;-f/bP0<;b:6K/*<;U8v=JL7-r8RL76K/P*<;8KU94L.S 87L-S PL7S -.+JAJU8:=7-SL PL.S -A:P $ AGL76K/ L.Y /PLN7U)8:-*<=)-SL PNBL-S L LN7UVeVkLC6:8:<3wUP*VkL L78 L7S 8JLWP*9<QL)
I8
:
;
;
;
, $ 3jx4+JUz6ty x L.-0/C1QLd:6XY=JL8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)->'/*VWU-0A LWS P*<;hc6JL.-4- L71;U)8{1ULG9iP0U6:AGL |Pf/ZU1
[ T$W. \@+ [ $ \ l G=:<;VkL78K-*<;U)8W=JL ,L7-f/6:8e/})6XW=I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-sABP~)8CHAJU8:=7-SL PLWP~A:P ,
;
L.8=:<€<-Z)8k/ABP‚1QLE8KUV Jb P L2/*U)/}'1B=I?'LFS <SL78JL.V?L.8c/*- L78K9iL78:=RPL7S -~AILWP*VkL./=I?iUbK/L78:<QP~1QLD8:UV bJP L
=JL 8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)-ƒ/ZVeU-*A L-S *P <hc6JL7-D„<;-0<;b:1QL>ABP2e†ˆ‡‰‹ŠˆŒ^(L.8ŽG)8I
;
 8RLD)6K/PLVgL.S / U=RLAILWP*VkL./=RL PLF/bP*U)6KiLWP6:8 dB6X ABP0/*<UN.6:1;<QL-Pz=JLD8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-]HL78MA:)-*-*)8k/‚ABP‘1QL
U)1;6:VkLsU6M1;-06JP035NWL LWIL-NF/Z<L -06:<')8k/‘1;49k)VeVkL~=I?0L7S 8RL-P*9)<UL N.U8:-*<=7L-S PL-S L!F l 4-06JP035NWL LWIL-NF/Z<€iL
L7-f/EAJPL.S -L78k/ ’
SL M
y 1[M-LWN./*<;U8 K ,K
 8RL49iP*)8:=JLAJP*U„=:6JNF/Z<;U)8r“YU8k/L P*1UcL.S / L S LWIL-NF/Z67LWS L>-*6JP~6:8g1;P*9iLE<;8k/L-P0')11ULL78 L7S 8JLWP*9<QL) l L.8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-‹6K/*<;1;<-L.S -‹AJU6JP‹-*<V 6:[email protected]`h„6K<- L-PZ'<UL78k/”AJP*U„=:6:<€/Z-zABP‹=JL7-VN!)8:8KU8cbB)1;1-7+-0U8k/‘94L.S 8)-SL P7SL L78k/PLe• n LFo L./G•– n LFo L./E=:<-0/bP0<;b:67L7S -D6:8:<€3wUiP*V L7S VkL78k/L.8 N.U-*<8„6K-E=RLG1?—'8:91UL4˜GL7S 8K</ )[email protected]
;
:
;
™ 8
$: ;=# @EG>4= RA HEG= ”š ; › BDœ @;=
l L.-‹V6:U8:-‹'/*VWU-0A LWS P*<;hc6JL.-ˆ-*U8k/‹<;-0-*6:-z=JL‚1?_<8c/L-P*N./*<;U8>=RL$P*U8:[email protected]*Ve<;hc6JL.- 1UL.-ˆABP0/*<UN.6:1UL.AJP0<;VW)<UP L7-}ˆ!iLWND=JL7-8KU+)6X=JL1; )6/bLD'/*VWU)-*A LWy PL' l L7-‘V6:U8:-‘ARP*U„=:6:</*-AGL76iL78k/~'/0/bL7<8:=JP L
1UL.-D/ L7S 1QL7- N7UAGL7-Me
y 8RL76K/P*<;8KU-L./!+B-.?_<1;-D-0U8k/4AB_PYLWPP L76JPYPLWN7U8:-f/bP06:</*-EVeU8k/}'8c/*- )1UiP*-Dhc6I?i<;1-E-0U8k/
=JL.-N-L.8:=B)8k/*-}F+<;1-%PL7ARPL7S - L78k/bL.8k/\6:8ŽbRP*6:<€/`=RLe3wU8K=u8:U8j87L.S 91;<9iL!)bK1UL )U<UP AB_PZ)9iP*)A LW$€ ,kF
;
;
;
T$
;
l {
94L.S 8)L-S P*'/Z<U8u=JL1[Y9L-P*bGLLF/ -*tAJP*UA:)9k'/*<;U8 06:-*hc6I?_)6 8:<€iL7)6 =JL1;YVkL-P(L7-0/-*<V 6:1LWS LAB_P
YX [ T$\+ [ B,)•\ l L d:6XW=JL7-A:P0/*<UN76K1UL7-AJP0<;VW)<UP L7-<L7-f/-L.S ABP>SL -L.1;U8 9iP*U)6:AIL.- „AJP*U)/*U8:-.+
L.S 1;<;6KVY+ +J“YW9 3 <L./E8:BU )6X’1;U)6JP*=:-.+JL./YN _N76:8Y=JLN-L7-E9iP0U6:AGL7- -06:</26K8pdB6„X
B
H
L
7
<:
;
;
x x
B,
Y N !iLWNW1QL7-CABP*)VYL.y /bP L7-Gx + O + Y + O L./ =:<QL-S P L78k/Z- - L71;U)8j1QLM9iP*U)6:AIL' l rAJP*U„=:6JNF/Z<;U)8 -LM35)</
N7U)VWVkL AaU)6JP 1UL7-’8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U- VeU8k/})8k/*-7+2ABP <;8k/L-P0')11UL.-r=I?'L.S 8JL-P09<ULLF/{=I?_)8:9)1UL ˜GL.S 8:</ )[email protected]  8
- „-f/!L7y VkL =JL`AaU)8:=7L-S P*'/Z<U8pL7-0/!L7S 9k)1QL7VkL78k/E=7LS :8:<”AJU6JPYN-L`AJP*U9PZ)VeV?L'+j1zAILWP*VkL./=JLlP L./bP0U6KL-P
1UL d:6X =JLN )hc6JL`9iP*U)6:AILC=RLGA:P0/*<UN76K1UL7-DARP*<;VW)<QPL7-.
x @
?
;
;
:<; =
EGDF=
$L.-0/=7SL B8:<J=I?i6:8JLV)8K<@L-y P L/bP7L7y -sARP*UN L4=:6WAaU)<;=:- $ =JLE1[ 9V7SL 87LWS PZ'/*<;U8e=JL.-s8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-]H
<1FL.-0/%L,XAJP*<VgLS L-N 1QL7-V L.Y V?L.-'P*<;)b:1QL7-7+^-*)6K3‚hc6I?i<;1‹-7?_)9</<UN.<=RLV 6:U)8:->=JL.-N-L.8:=B)8k/*-7+
=:U)8JN 1[ -LWN./*<;U8pLWnkN!_N-LL./E1[ AJP0UbB)bK<;1;<€/ LS =JLC/bPZ!L-P*- L-P1[ FL-PP L`8]?—)AKABPZ'<;-*- L78k/EAB);
,
.k
* ! $ $ 3 x4+BUˆ6Y
y x L.-0/E1UL :d 6X 6K/*<;1;<-L>S AJU6JPD1;M9VL7S 87LWS PZ'/*<;U8]
%
" ! 7L -f/E1UL>/bL.VWAK-_N./Z<€3‹=JL [email protected]?'L.S <SL78JL.V?L.8k/!+^<;1IL7-0/ 7L -f/Z<VgL S !iLWN "$#f "&%(' ,() :
)hc6JL L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/ L7-0/AJU8:=7LWS PLGS !iL-Nx @ ? % *! 3 $ % ,K
;
l L7-‘V6:U8:--*U8k/ L.8:-*6:<€/bLARP*UAB'9VL7S - B06K-*hc6I? >y 1[ N7)8JLF/*/bLL-ND1QL~AJP0U9iP*)VWVkL +-,$./+ 10 :)L.1;6:< 30N7<
AJP L78:=TL.8TN7U)VWAK/L1;eAGL-Pf/bL=]?'L.S 8JL-P09<UL`=:6tV 6:U)8{-*6RP4-*U)8tABP N7U6JP0-4- L71;U)8{1UL.-4AJP0U NWL7-0-*6:->=7LS B8:<)6 ABP*)9iP*)A ; L`$€—$)& 2 3 1[-06:</LM=JL 1[W9V7SL 87LWS PZ'/*<;U8]+]1UL.->V 6:U)8:->-*<V 6:1L7S ->-0U8k/ AJP*UA:)94L7S - 06:-*hc6I?_)6j=).SL /L-N./L76JP.+ˆA:6:<PLWN7U8K-0/bP06:</*-EL-NG1UL.-EV L7Y VkL7-DARP*U9iP*)VeV?L.-7
B
. 0/ 0 / 5/465 *'5)387 :91;=< 5)39
3 N-LAJU<8c/7+)'6:-*-0<Kb:<QL78 1QL7-”V6:U8:-<;8:=:6K</Z-ABP1UL7-8JL76/bP*<8:U-h„6RL1UL.-‘V 6:U8K-‘'/*VWU-0A?>7LWS P*<;hc6JL.-*U)8c/EAJP0UAB)94L7S [email protected] VkLCAJP0U9iPZ'VWVkLCBED GF D GF L7-0/bB)-LCS -06JPIH +%[ C^K\@ j1I-*<V 6:1QL1QL7-V 6KU8:-7+/ZU6K/L7-1QL7-A:P0/*<UN76K1UL7-s-L-N.U8:=B'<UPL.-7+JLF/D<;1
PL.AJP*U„=:6:<€/"L7S 9)1UL.V?L.8c/I1[ PL.S AaU)8:-L‚=JL.-‹AJ>:U)/ZU)V 6:1/*<;A:1<UN7'/bL.6JP*-.LK>6B'8:= 1UL7-]V 6:U8:-MLF/z1UL.-ˆABP0/*<UN.6:1UL.-LWN7U8K=B)<UP L7-r-0U8k/rAJP*U)AB)94LWS L7-7+)L71;1QL7-WAILWP*=JL.8c/ 1QL76JP L7S 8JLWP*9<QLt-L.1;U8m1UL7-AJP*UN-L.-*-*6K-rAJPL.S -L78k/ 7SL -Y)6
ABP*)9iP*)A?>JL$€ $'&2f l L7-`A?>:U)/*U8:-NO M L-PL.8?P)UJ+”1QL7-GA?>:U)/*U8:-`AJP*U„=:6:<€/Z- ABPG1ULeAaU'/})-0-*<;6KV8Qk•pLF/
1[(N7UVeAaU)-Z)8k/bL"N7U8k/Z<8c6JLC=JLC1[`b:<;U16:Ve<;8JL.-N-L.8JN-L4-*U8k/mL7S 9)1UL.V?L.8c/s94L7S 87-SL PL.S -2=B)8:-RD GF l LS UT
L./E1;aN.UVeAaU-*)8k/bLN7U)8c/*<;8c6JLG=:6{bRP*6:<€/2=JLG3wU)8:=YU)AK/Z<h„6RLG-0U8k/"L.-0/*<;VgL7S -N7UiP PL.-*AJU8:=JP L \
y 6:8 /})6X
=JL?N7UVeAK/}'9iL\=JL •VP ˜Wh„6K<~-.?—XW0U)6K/bL)6u-0<;98B'1-06JPG1UL7-GA?>:U'/ZUV 6K1/Z<A:1;<QN!'/L76JP0-7 l L.-A:<QN7-G=JL
b:<U1;6:Ve<;8RL7-NWL78JNWLC8JL -*U8k/AB)-2<;8RN71;6K-7 l M-*<V 6:1[ƒ/Z<;U)8mN7UVeA:[email protected] /bLC=RLG1;hPL7S AJU8:- L =JL`1? 3 RY oL.S / L S
L78k/PL7ARP*<;- L)+‹V'<;- 8I?OL7-0/AaU)6JP`1?_<8:-0/Z)8k/A:)-`ARP*<;- L?L.8oN7U)VWAK/LW=:)8:-1QL7-G-*<V 6:1[ƒ/Z<;U)8:- [[ZZ \  8JL
-*<V 6:1;'/Z<U8 -*<VWAK1;<)-SL LmL.-0/e/ZU6K/L.3wU<-M6K/Z<1;<-L-S L”H‘1UL.-$ 3 RY]\ -*U8k/e<;8RN71;6K- U)<UP_^r$„a`K€ [email protected],+ L78
6K/*<;1;<-Z)8k/M1QL76JP /L7VeA:-\=I?i<;8k/ L.S 9iPZ'/*<;U8 LF/e1UL76RP /bL7VeA:-\VeUiP0/aN.UV b:<8)L7S -t y 6:8JLfPL.S -*U16K/Z<U8 -*6JP\1QL
9k)<8I
E
T$i]
M5)39# <6573
. 0/ l hPLWN7U8K-0/bP06JN./*<;U8pL7-f/E1[ =JLWP*8:<@L-y PLTLFS /})AGLC=JL 1[ -0<;V 6:1;'/Z<U8I1;1QL L7-f/6K8’35NF/bL.6JPD<;VeAaUP0/}'8c/
AJU6JP>1QL7-CAGL-P03wUP*VW)8JN-L.->=:6 =7LFS /bL-NF/bL.6JP7 l mPLWN7U8:-f/bP06JN./*<;U8 bJP0<@L.y L7VkL78k/ AJPL7S -L.8k/ L-S Le<UN.<@+GL7-f/`6K8JL
=JL.-GAK1;6:- P-SL NWL78k/bL.-(LF/ =JL7- A:16:-CAILWP03wUiP0V'8c/L7-. 1;1UL(L7-f/`A:P0/*<UN76K1;<@LWy PL.V?L.8c/4UAK/*<;Ve<;-LWS LAJU6JP>=RL7V 6:U)8:-`=]?'L.S 8JL-P09<ULe-*6:A7L-S P*<QL76JP L y Z • n LFo [email protected]:<<L7-f/ 6:8JLe1;<VW<€/bLG/ZU6K/ r
y 35)</GNWN-L.AK/})bK1ULeAaU6RP
[email protected]?0L.S /*6:=JLEhc6:<a8KU6:-s<8k/ L-S P L7-0-L) ‘/[email protected] VkLEAaU6RP1QL7-kL7S 8JLWP*9<QL7-<;8K3 LWS P*<UL.6JPL.- y Z • n LFo + N-LF/*/bL-0/PZ'/ L7S 9<QL
PL.-0/L`=JL.-2A:1;6:-2AGL-Pf3wUiP*VW)8k/bL.- [ `-\@
98
BD > D ;
l P L-N7U)8:-0/P*6JNF/Z<;U)8hL7-0/‚b:)-LWS LD-*6JP‘1QL7-‘<VWAK6:1;-0<;U8:-FPL N7/ 6JL.-‚ABP‘1QL7-”AJ>:U)/ZU)V 6:1/*<;A:1<UN7'/bL.6JP*-. l ?i<;8
3wUiP0V'/*<;U8G=:U8k/”U8 =:<-*AJU-L~-*U8k/1QL7-”AJU-0</Z<U8:-.+ƒ1QL7-‹/bL7VeA:-4L./‘1QL7-”)VWAK1;</*6:=JL.-=JL7N-L.-<;VeA:6:1;-0<;U8K-7
 8RLAJP L7Ve<@LWy PLeL.S /Z)AILN.U8:-*<-0/L\ y -L.S 1UL-NF/Z<U8:8JLWP1QL7-‚<;VeA:6:1-*<U8:-7 l AJP L7Ve<@L-y P LD-L.S 1UL-NF/Z<U8?L,X<;9iL2hc6JL
1UL.-M<;VeA:6:1-*<;U)8:-`-0U<UL.8k/aL78gN7U 9 88JN7<=JL78RN-Lr1;UN!'1UL-06JPM6:8 L.S /Z)9iLr=B'8:-M6:8JLg3 L.8 [email protected] /PL =JL’$)•t8:-. O L
AJP L7Ve<UL-P/B1/PL>AGL-P0V?LF/D=JLC9kP0=JL-P ZZ =RL7-2<;VeA:6:1-*<;U)8:-~=K6’-0<;98:)1#LF/28JLC9kP0=JLChc6I?_6K8JLC3 PZNF/Z<;U)8
• N dG=JL.-<;VeA:6:1-*<U8:->=:6RL7- '6 S M 6:<;-GU8j<;VeAaU)-LMhc6JL1QL7- <;VeA:6:1-*<U8:->-0U<UL.8c/(N!'6:-Z)1QL7-IHz-0<
=JL.6X A?>:U'/ZU8:-]O M LWPL.8?P)U -0U8k/ L7S Ve<;->AB_P>1[[email protected] VkL/PZNWL L78Ž$AJU<;8k/Z-4-L7S A:PL.S -G=]?_6:8RLM=:<;-f/})8JNWL
L./ !iLWN 6:8 LWS N!Pf/>/bL.VWAJUiPL.1=RL +I)1UiP*- =KU</ L.
@ /bP LlN.UVWA:'/Z<b:1ULG!iLWNM6:8JL„</L7-0-L
%
=JL ARP*UAB'9k'/Z<U8!N.UVeAJP*<-L L.8c/PLhNWL71;1QL=JL1[W16:Ve<@L-y P L=B'8:->[email protected]?OL!'6 % ˆYL./%NWL71;1QL=:6 V6:U8 F
U)6JPARPL78K=JPL(L78!N.UVeAK/bLG1UL.-YdB6RN./Z6:'/Z<U8:-2=:6JL.-eW
y 1;M=:<Qa6:-*<U8’=JL`1;e16:Ve<@L-y P L)+:6K8JLG3 L.8 [email protected] /PL`=JL
/ZU)1L-S P*)8JNWL>=JL $)•`8:- L7-f/2)=:Ve<;- L) l 3 P*N./*<;U8W=JL7-D<VWAK6:1;-0<;U8:-AJP0UTL78B'8c/2=K6rV 6:U8eL.-0/D=:U)6:b:1LWS L
L./E1QL7-D<;VeA:6:1-*<U8:-AJP0UiL78:)8k/4=:6 S Q-0U8k/YPL7S =K6:</L7-2=I?OL78k„<UP*U)8Ž Z l L7- <VWAK6:1;-0<;U8:- -7SL 1ULWN./*<;U8:87L-S L7--*U8k/M6K/*<;1<;-LWS L7-GAaU)6JP1?—XW06K-0/bL.V?L.8k/ =JL.-/bP*N-L.-7 O ?OL7-f/aN-LF/MXW06:-
/bL.V?L.8k/Whc6:< N.U8:-f/Z</*6JL 1[TP L-N7U)8:-0/P*6JNF/Z<;U)8vAJP0UAJP L7VkL78k/ =:</L) 1;1QLeL7-f/?N.UVeAaU-L-S L =JLVQ L.S /Z)AIL.=I?_XW06:-f/bL7VkL78k/*--06JN-NWL7-*-0<3w-.
l AJPL.VW<@L-y PLkL7-f/6K8 AJPL S XW06K-0/bL.V?L.8k/1<;87L7S )<UP LMbB)-LWS -*6JPG1[ Ve<;8:<VW<-Z'/*<;U8Y=:
6 q y ABP
/*<UP =JL7-{AaU-0</*<;U8:-fLF/{=JL.-{/bL.VWAK-Y=JL.-t<;VeA:6:1-*<U8:-eL78RPL79)<;-0/PLWS L7-TLF/{-7SL 1ULWN./*<;U8:87L-S L7-.  8JL
N.U8k/bPZ'<;8k/bLL7-f/>XW0U)6K/ LWS LCBa1;\„<€/bL7-0-L`=:6{V 6KU8!L.-0/>ARP*<;- LL.S 9k)1QLr\
y 1[M„</L7-*- L=JLG1[\1;6KVW<@L-y PL
O
=B'8:->1ULG„<;=JL' L AJPLS XW06:-0/L7VkL78k/ =:U8K8JL 6:8JLhL.-0/*<;VW'/Z<U8Y9P*U-0-*<@LWy PL =RL7->AB_PZ)VYL.y /PL7-4=JL
1;/bPZ_N-L)
$ 3 ABP0/*<UPG=JLNWL7- A:PZ)V’L.y /PL.-7+4^Y/bP*N-L.- -*U8k/9VL7S 87LWS PLWS L7-7+”A:6:<;-`-L.S 1UL-NF/Z<U8:87LWS L7-IH1UL7-(PL.S -*<;=K6: =:<QYL-S P L78JNWL L78k/bP LD1ULs/L7VeA:-‘=I?_PP0< L-S L/ >7L7S UP*<;hc6JLs=JL7-A?>KU)/ZU8K- L./<N-L.1;6:<UbK/L78c6\ABPXW06K-0/bL
VkL78k/,‹=:U<L78k/ [email protected] /PL ' $ Z •48K-7+iLF/‚1ULsAJ>:U)/ZU)8 O M LWPL.8?P)U\=:U<€/!U)<UP‘AB_PN7U)6JP*6M6:8RLD=:<;-f/})8JNWL
<8K3C-SL P0<UL76RPLg’
y !••MVY O LF/*/bLcL.S /Z)AIL AGL-P0V?LF/=RL(P L W L./L-PE=JL7--*U16K/Z<U8:-D- L-N7U)8:=B)<QPL7- N7UVeAB
/*<;b:1QL7-2!iLWN`1QL7-D<;VeA:6:1-*<U8:-sVW)<-Dh„6K<ˆ8JLN7UiP PL7-0AaU)8:=JL78k/AB)- My 1[hPL7S )1;<€/ L'S `K O L.-\/PZNWL7-M-0U8k/\6K/Z<1;<;-L-S L.- N7UVeVkLAJU<;8k/M=JLr=7L7S ABPf/\AaU)6JPM6:8JLrVgL.S / >:U=RLg=I?_XW06:-0/L7VkL78k/
)AKAIL.1L-S L “ L7-f/Z<;VW'/*UiP [ `K-\+a-06:<„<UL`=I?i6:8JLM-L.S 1ULWN./Z<U8tAB_P46:8JLMV L.S / >:U„=JL=JLVƒX<V 6:V
=JLP*)<;- L7V b:1;)8JNWLD6K/Z<1;<;-*)8k/‘6:8RL23wU)8JN./*<;U8M=JLD=RL78:-0</ L2S =JL2AJP0UbB)bK<;1;<€/ LS -*<VWA:1<)LWS L) l C/PZNWL
\ '8c/1ULEV?L.<;1;1QL76JPXW06K-0/bL.V?L.8k/ 1;GA:16:-s9PZ)8:=RL4PZ)<-L7Vb:1[)8RN-L L7-f/D6K/*<;1;<-LWS [email protected]?_XW06:/L7VkL78k/ B8B)1
Q: l ?_XW06:-0/L7VkL78k/(B8B'1)L7-f/ L7S 9k'1UL7VkL78k/lLWIL-N./*67LrS ABP6:8JLrVgL.S / >KU=JLW=JLrVWƒX<;V 6:V =RLg P*)<
- L7V b:1;)8JNWL`hc6:<‹6K/Z<1;<-LC=JL.-3wU8JNF/Z<U8:-E=JL=JL.8:-*<€/ LGS =JLARP*UbB'b:<;1</ L"S N7UVeA:[email protected] /bL.-7+‘W
y AB_P0/Z<QP2=JL
1;/bPZ_N-L UbK/L78c6JLr\
y 1?'LFS /})AGLCAJP-SL NGL.S =JL78k/L)
™ 8
(E FBK;"[email protected]; œ# %$&D A; ›
l L.-’/PZNWL7-’=)LS B8K<UL7-pN7U)VWVkL'&)(+*-,/.*10324,65178.:9)(7*-5Y=KU<L78k/{-*'/Z<-035)<QPL =JL.- N.U6:A:6RPL7-’-*6RPY1;
')1UL.6JPC=:6 VWƒX<;V 6:V =JLMPZ)<-L.V b:1['8JN-LMAB_PC=JL79iPL\S =JL\1;<;bGL-Pf/ L'S O L7-N.U6:A:6JP L7-.+‹U)AK/Z<VW<-Z)8k/C1;
T$^
PL.S -*U16K/Z<U8 )8K96:1['<UPL'+ˆ-*U8k/oLFS /Z6:=:<L-S L.- =B)8:- [ `K\@ l ?—)AKA:1;<QN!'/*<;U8j=JLeN-L.- N7U)6:A:6JP L7-\AILWP*VkL./=JL
PL.S =:6:<QPL~/P7L.y -‘-*<98:<JN!'/*<iL.V?L.8k/‘1UL~bJP*6K</=JLs3wU8:=] l L~/Z)b:1UL7)6K€=:U)8:8JL1QL~35NF/bL76RP‘=JL)PL7S =:6RN./Z<U8
-*6RPC1UL8KUV bJP L =I?'.SL <SL78JL.V?L.8k/Z-G=JLMbJP*6K</>=RL 3wU8:=I+IN)?OL7-0/gg
y =K<UPL1[PL7S =:6JNF/Z<U8 -*6JP41UL 8:U)V bJPL=JL
8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-W'/*VWU-0A?>7LWS P*<;hc6JL.-LF/1QLY8:U)V bJPL’=JL’V 6:U8K-g'/*VWU-0A?>7LWS P*<;hc6JL.-7 l cPL7S =:6JNF/Z<U8m-06JP1QL
8:UVbJPL =I?'L.S L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z-AJP*UiL.8B)8k/=:6Y-0<;98:)1 \ L.-0/f7SL 9k'1UL7VkL78k/2<8:=:<;hc67LWS L)
l LW8KUV bJP L=I?'.SL L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z- ARP*UiL.8B)8k/M=:6 -0<;98:)1<L7-0/(PL.S =:6:<€/=JLe350N7/ U)8u<;VeAJUiP0/Z)8k/bL)+ˆVW)<-G6K8JL
bJU8:8JLeP7SL -*U)1;6K/*<;U8 -06JPM1UL.-o.SL L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z-aL7-f/\87L-S NWL7-0-Z)<QPL)+ LF/aN7UiP PL.-*AJU8:= t
y 1[!PL7S -0U1;6K/*<;U8u=JLV!` O
=I?_e†z‡„‰‹ŠˆŒ^e)6„X L.S 8JL-P09<UL.-C1UL7-A:1;6K->bB)-0-L7- B96JP L\$[`&`kF LM-*U)8c/>1UL7-"N-P*<€/!LWy PL7-C=RL hc6B)1;<€/ L`S h„6K<
)-0-*6JP L78k/41;MbaU8K8JL%PL.S -*U16K/Z<U8I
‰ K€p ' - +bTU #b!#+!-0+ +ah!
"Gb-,
35NF/bL.6JP2=JLPL7S =K6JN./*<;U8
•K+ $„
]+ Z 3E!• S
K+€*3E!• NN %
-*<98B)1 O |D
# '/ZVeU-0A?>7L-S P0<;hc6JL.$ ƒ/ZVeU-*A?>7L-S P*<hc6JL7-
N ν (GeV -1 m -2 s-1)
.'& / & ( )+* ; 4 , 8 <: ; D.-G> , $
l LadB6X =RLW8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)-` .SL / LkS L.-0/*<;VgWSL '6 NU>B'A:</PL\AJPLWS NGL.S =JL78k/ AJU6JP =:<YLWS PL.8c/*-(L.8:-L.V b:1QL7-G=JL
ABP*)VYL.y /bP L7- =:6jVWU„=IL.y 1UL AJP0UAJU-L\S =B)8K-NWL./0/bL\/ >IL.y -L)  8 L,XRL.VWAK1UL)+ˆ6/Z<;1<;-LS <UN.<@+L.-0/GAJPL7S -L.8k/ L S 96JP /
L [Q: j1B-.?—'9</=:6adB6XW=JL28JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-AJU6JP‚6:8N7)8:8:U)8„b:)1;1B6:8K<;hc6JL)+c-*NU>B)8k/~h„6]? L.8c„<QP*U8g6K8JL
=:<˜!)<8JLlN.UVWVkLlNWL716:< N7<z-LWP*U8k/ 87LWS N-L7-0-Z)<QPL.-GAJU6JPAJP*U„=:6:<QPL`6:8 -*6JP0-Z)6K/>9k)VeVK 8 <;8RN71;6:)8k/
1[GAaU)8:=7L-S P*'/Z<U8g=JL.-m.SL L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z-2<;-0-*6:-s=JL>1[`-*<;V6:1['/*<;U8]+U8rUbK/*<UL.8c/s1UL8:UV bJP L>=I?'L.S L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z=B)8K-De†z‡„‰‹ŠˆŒ^k+„AJPL7S -L.8k/ LS B96RP0
L K Z AB_P)N71;)-*- L>-0/Z'/Z<-0/*<;hc6JL b:<;8B‚=I?0L7S 8RL-P*9)<UL>=:68JL76K/P*<8:U <;8RN7<
=JL.8c/7 l L>8:U)V bJPL=I?'L.S <SL78JL.V?L.8k/Z-L7-f/DAJPL.S -L.8c/ LS `y /bP0U<;-kL.S /Z)AIL.- B:'6g8:<L!)6r=RL>1[PL-N.U8:-f/bP*6RN./Z<U8
bJP06K/bL'+])ARP7L7y -E-L.S 1ULWN./Z<U8{A:P1QL7-YN7U6KA:6JPL.->=JLGhc6B)1;<€/ LS L./4)AJP7L7y --L7S 1QL-NF/Z<;U)8{=JL.-pL.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-4=:U8k/
[email protected]?_)8:9)1UL L.8c/PL 1ULC8RL76K/P*<;8KUe94L7S 87LWS PLS L./21ULCV6:U8fPLWN7U8:-f/bP06:</YL7-f/E<;8K3 LWS P*<UL.6JPI
y 2` 17 O L -*U)8c/YNWL7-E=JL-P
8:<QL-P*-Ehc6:<FPL7ARPL7S - L78k/bL.8k/`1QL -*<;9)8B)[email protected]!PE<;1-2-*U8k/ N.U8k/bL.8„6K-C=B)8:[email protected] 8RL=JL(PL7S -0U1;6/Z<;U)8{)8K96:1['<UPL
=:6 =7LFS /bLWN./bL.6JP7 O L./*/L =JLWP*8:<@L-y PL(N7U6KA:6JPLM8RLlPL.S =:6:<€/>AB)-41UL8KUV bJP L=I?'L.S L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z- -L.S 1ULWN./Z<U8:87L.S ABPD1QL7-N7U)6:A:6JP L7-E=JL h„6:)1;<€/ L)S K[Q 3 54 #6
7 #89bG+$ : 6
# /
, ;*/
8 < >
=? *`
@ UA
-B U!+
C DW E C+ @ U F -U
G I, [email protected]+C MLNMO • ,
-5
10
-6
10
-7
10
-8
10
-9
10
-10
10
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
log(Eν (GeV)
T$
Nevts par bin
K Z
Z(b
#+ + +# R @J D #< # 7 # &+, 7
# b + ! b @ * @ J U U c <U + b
U # 7 # U h+
b @ *C ,
reconstruction
-1
10
selection
selection &
-2
10
o
θ ( ν - µrec)<3.0
-3
10
-4
10
-5
10
-6
10
-7
10
-8
10
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
log(Eν GeV)
™ 8
:$; ™ BFD A @! ; EG>
!
Nevt par bin
l L.-D=JL76XmN7U8k/P*<;bK6K/Z<U8:-'6rbJP*6:<€/=JL3wU8:=r-*U)8c/2-0<;V 6K1L-S L.-s- L71;U)8r1UL7-s=JL7- N-P*<AK/Z<U8:-ARPL7S - L78k/ LWS L7=B)8K-s1[G-LWN./Z<U8 $ l L7--B96JP L7-'K (LF/'K ]GVeU8k/bP L78k/1QL8KUV bJP L=I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-DU)b:-LWP0<SL7-D=B'8:1ULe=7LFS /bL-NF/bL.6JP7+AaU6RP`6:8RLr)8:87LWS L)+‹AJP*UL78B)8k/M=K6 -*<98B)1<L./=:6 bJP06:</G=JLe3wU8:= q +‹!)'8c/lL./ )AJP7L.y N7U)6:A:6JP L7-7+9L.8’3wU8RN./Z<U8 =JL [email protected]?'7SL 8JLWP*9<QLC=:6’V 6:U8 =K6Y8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U\AJU6JPD1QLC-*<;9)8B)1 ,
l ? L,X L7VeA:1UL =JLG-*6JP0-Z)6/49k'VWVWM6K/Z<1;<;-L S <1I-7?_)9<€/E=JL7-EABP*)VYLFy /bP L7-2=:6 =? `M=B)8K-1QLGVeU„=ˆL7y 1QLC=JL
-*6RP035NWL)+J=:U8:87L.S ->=B)8K-41ULC/Z)b:1UL7)6 Z [QcDAJP0U=:6K</YL78k„<UP0U8 Z + Z LFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/*- !iLW
N ?N7)8:8:U)8„b:)1;1<;=RL78k/Z<h„6RL7-}VkL7-06JPL.S - ABP )8 =B)8K- W†ˆ‡„‰‹ŠˆŒJ O L 8:U)V bJPL!L7-0/’Ub/bL78c6"-*<>1?—'8:91ULY=JL „<;-LWS L
L.8k/bPL 1;{=:<UP L-NF/Z<;U)8 =:6 -*6JP0-Z)6K/kLF/\1[t=:<QPL-NF/Z<U8 =:6GW L./}(L7-f/gL.S 9k)1` y •HVN)?OL7-0/ y =:<QPLg-0<1UL W LF/
AJU<;8k/bLG=:<QPL-NF/bL.V?L.8c/iLWP*-C1[aFL-PP L) O L V [email protected] V?LLFX L.VWA:1QL8JL`AJP*U„=:6:<€/4AK1;6:-h„6RL\$+€*3E!• N % -*<FN-LF/
)8:9)1ULL7-f/=JL`• N d)P*)=I l LbJP06:</~=JLE3wU8:=L.-0/s=JLC$+€*32• N dk.SL <SL78JL.V?L.8k/Z-AB_P)8I+c=:U)8c/ Z 3 • N S
AJP0UTL78B'8c/\=RL7- 8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)- '/*VWU-0A?>7LWS P*<;hc6JL.-lLF/r 1 Z ] 3 • N d =RL7- V 6KU8:- ƒ/ZVeU-*A?>7L-S P*<hc6JL7-`V)1
PLWN7U8K-0/bP06:</*-7 O L.1[hPL.AJPL.S -L78k/LlL78k„<UP0U8jLFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/E/ZU6K-E1QL7- Q ] Z '8:-7
10
K
Z(b
#[email protected] @
e†z‡„‰‹ŠˆŒ^ J D c # <c h+
'
# 7 # + U <G ,
8 GC b EU #0
C+K R ( FG -0
C -,
BdF
BdF atm.
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
Signal
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
log(E GeV)
"! '&()* +,( - -0 5% "- >= ?* & -0()* +
B- 9 ( -' .$># / -C 143 D%# $%37 6E/ #78 # - $>/ '3 2. $%# - / 9<3 >2= 14?*3 $%/@A# 376/ # 8:9;#3 9<3 $%/@A# `•
Nevt par bin
-1
BdF atm.
Signal
10
10
10
10
10
10
K ]
Z(b
#[email protected] @
e†z‡„‰‹ŠˆŒ^ J D c # <c h+
'
# 7 # + U <G ,
8 GC b EU C+ FG -0 C -,
BdF
10
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
log(E GeV)
 8JLE)6K/PLDVg.SL / >KU=JLDAGL76/ [email protected] /bP LD6K/Z<1;<;-L-S LAJU6JP N7)1UN.6:1ULWP‘1ULs8:UV bJP LD=I?'L.S <SL78JL.V?L.8k/Z-IHˆCy [email protected]?_)<;=JLs=JL
1[e-*6JPf35N-LhL#LWN./*<iL=:6 =7L.S /L-NF/bL76RP7 l -06JP035NWLhLWIL-NF/Z<L/Z<QL78k/%N.UVWA/bL=RL7- L#LF/Z-C-*6Kb:<;->A:P41QL
8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U')8k/s-Z=7LFS /bLWN./Z<U8I+„-*U8<;8k/bLWPZNF/Z<;U)8WU6-*U8r'b:-*UiP0AK/Z<U8=:)8:-s1;FL-P PL>A:P7L,X L7VeA:1UL'
l L7-ABPZ'VYLFy /bPL.-41<L7S - e
y 1[W=7L.S /bLWN./*<;U8I+9N.UVWVkLGABPYLFX L7VeA:1UL`1[\=:<Qa6:-0<;U8’=JL1;W16:VW<@L-y P [email protected]?OL.3
+N7N7<€/ LS =RL PLWN7U8:-f/bP06JN./*<;U8 -0U8k/TL7S 9k'1UL7VkL78k/4<;8JN.1;6:-. l -06JP035NWL LWIL-NF/Z<€iL L.-0/CUb/bL78c6JL{W
y [email protected]?_)<;=JL
=I?i6:8JLG-*<V 6:1[ƒ/Z<;U)8N7U)VWA:[email protected] /L)
l N.U8kU16K/Z<U8Ž=]?_6:8cdB6XŽ=:<YLWS PL78k/*<UL71=RL8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U- V6:U8:-ZG!iLWN6:8RLW-06JP035NWLL#LWN./Z<€iL?L78
/bLWP*VkLg=JLr8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)- V 6KU8:-}GAILWP*VkL./M=I?iUbK/L78:<QP PZ'A:<;=JL.V?L.8k/M6:8 8:UV bRPLg=I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-W)-*UN7<L7S -.+ˆAaU6RPC6:8JL\-*U6RPN-L\hc6JL.1UN7U)8:hc6JL F+MLF/ g
y /*U6K/ 8:<€iL!'6Ž=JL\- L71ULWN./*<;U8 & , l L7-%dB6Xa+ˆ/ZU6/
N7U)VWVkL>1UL.-2-*6JPf35N-L.-YL#LWN./*<iL.-7+^=7L.S AIL.8:=JL78k/=JL [email protected]?'L7S 8JLWP*9<QLC=:6 8JL76/bP*<8:U V 6KU8^)L./E=JL -0U8’)8:91QL
˜GL.S 8:</ >B)1 l \-06JP035_N-LLWIL-NF/Z<L(L.8Y8RL76K/P*<;8KU-L7-0/E=7L S B8:<QLN.UVeV?LCB
("! L ( O # ( ! L ( D‹%$ ( '&)(K5
Z !iLWN ( LF/ L ( 1QL7-?L.S 8JL-P09<UL L./2'8:91ULE˜GL.S 8:</ >B)1a=:6g8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U:+„z*
$’1UL8:UV bJP L>=JL8„6RN71L.S U8:- 0N7<b:1UL.
ABP6:8:<€/ L S =JL`U16:V?L'+ ( E1;-LWN./*<;U8TLnkN!NWLM=:6 8JL76/bP*<8:UmLF+
/ &,(@1?—'b:-*UiP0AK/Z<U8{=:)8:->1;
FL-PP L)B# fPL7ARPL7S - L78k/bL’1ULg)U1;6KV?LmL#LWN./*<3 L78 8JL76/bP*<8:U =:6 =7L.S /L-NF/bL76RPIH‚<;1)L.-0/\1QLePZ)A:AJUiPf/M=:6
8:UVbJPLY=I?'LFS <SL78JL.V?L.8c/*-rV?L.-*6JPL7S -g-06JP1QLY8KUV bJP L{=I?'L.S L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z-r94L.S 87L-S PL7S -g=:)8:-g1QL’)U1;6:VkL’=JL
94L.S 8)L-S P*'/Z<U8 B
8
# ( ! L ( O - #0.1 0 (/! L L ( 3
#f40
2
- "( ! (
l $:96JPL K ^GARPL7S - L78k/bL41[C-*6JPf35N-LYLWIL-NF/Z<€iL"L.88JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)-=K6W/ L.S 1UL.-N7U)AILe†z‡„‰‹ŠˆŒ^k 3 ABPf/Z<QP=JL
1[ -06JP035_N-LLWIL-N./*<L)+^1ULC8:U)V bJPLC=]?'LFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/*-4=B)8K-E1QLC=7L.S /L-NF/bL76RPAJU6JP26:8pN-LWP0/}'<;8edB6XfL.-0/ B
# "( ! L ( 9 x ( (
K])
6
N
5
8
O
7
9
;
9
:
(
(
9 9;:
< )8:-ˆ1;s-*6K</bL'+!1[-06JP035_N-L LWIL-NF/Z<€iL<L7-f/z6K/Z<1;<;-L-S L‘AJU6JP]UbK/bL.8:<UP#PZ)A:<=JL7VkL78k/z1QL‘8:UV bRPL‘=I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z'/0/bL78K=:6:-2=B)8:-Ee†ˆ‡‰‹ŠˆŒ^+KAJU6JPD1QL7-D=:<YLWS PL78k/*-d:6XrUb/bL78c6:-E-L.1;U8 1QL7-AB_PZ)VYL.y /PL7-D=K6YVeU=IL7y 1UL
=JL.- O )8K8:U8cbB)11;-7
`K
2
Aeff,ν [m ]
Neutrino Effective Area
10
1
-1
10
-2
10
-3
10
Neutrino Nadir Angle
All angles
00- 30 0
30 0- 60 0
60 0- 90 0
-4
10
-5
10
-6
10
-7
10
K ^
9CDW 6
%m U8 + e†ˆ‡„‰ŠˆŒ^
' 7k#7 #8-, 7b +c R -+ 5 4
# 7 #8 H 4:GF R 0 # < -, < bo U
F e†
‡„‰ŠˆŒ^ , -8
10
-9
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Log10(E ν [GeV])
l L.- PL.S -*6:1€/}'/*- -LrAJPL7S - L78k/bL.8c/e-0U6:- 1;’3wUiP0V?LW=I?_6K8 8:UV bJP Lg=I?'.SL L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z-M„<;-0<;b:1QL7-=:)8:- 1QL
/ L.S 1UL.-N7U)AILMe†ˆ‡„‰ŠˆŒ^ 3 ABPf/Z<UPE=JL NWL 8:UVbJPL'+a1;AJP*U)bB)b:<1;</ SL =I?_U)b:-LWP0''/Z<U8t=JLlN-L =7LFS /bLWN./bL.6JP
-LWPZE=)L.S /L-P*Ve<;87-SL L) l L7-‹=JL.6X(N7U8k/bP0<;b:6/Z<;U)8:-z=:6VeU=IL7y 1UL AJP*U„=:6JNF/Z<;U)8G=RLs8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-‹)6(NU>:UNs!')8k/
L./)6fNU>:UNGPP0<@LWy PL-*U8k/E-L.S ABPLWS L7-. l L.- :96JPL.-2AJPL.S -L78k/ -SL L7-4=:U8:8JL.8k/1QLC8:UV bRPLC=I?'L.S L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z„<;-0<;b:1QL7-D=B)8K-e†ˆ‡„‰ŠˆŒ^+:AB_P2)8fL./EABPD-06JP*-*)6K/YL78’-*6:AKAaU-*)8k/4hc6JLNU>B'h„6RL`-06JP*-*)6K/YL7-f/"N.UV
AJU-L S =JL hN!)8K8:U8cbB)11;-7
.'&( & 1
.'&( & /
4 F37<3<35 <
l r=7L.S AIL.8:=B)8JNWL'8:96:1;)<UP LlL7-f/GAJPL.S -L78k/ L-S L-06JPC1[ :96JPLK[K l LM8:U)V bJPLM=]?'LFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/*-lL7-f/
UbK/L78c6’AaU6RPE6K8Y-06JP*-*)6K/E=:U8k/E1UL.- N!)8:8KU8cbB)1;1-D-*U8k/E<;8K</Z<;)1;<-L.S -!iLWN`1QL7-DABP*)VYL.y /bP L7-D=:6 =?! $
=B)8K-~1QLEVeU„=ˆL7y 1QLE-06JP035_N-L /}'b:1UL7)6 Z [Qc, l N.U8k/bP*<b:6K/*<;U8e=:6NU>KU N!)'8c/7L7-f/)L.8AJU<;8k/*<;1;1L7S -.+N-L.1;1QL
=:6 NU>:UN\P P*<@LWy PL'+IL.8 /PZ)<€/"N.U8k/Z<8„6] l L 8:UV bRPL =I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z- =:<VW<8c6JL`3wUiPf/bL.V?L.8c/41;UiP0-*hc6JLM1;
=:<QPL-NF/Z<U8 =JLr1[ 4LWPPL -.?'L.S 1;U<98JLg=JLeNWL711ULg=:6 W LF/hL./\=B!')8k/}'9iLrAaU)6JPM1UL.- 8JL76/bP*<8:U-MAJP0U=K6:</*=:6pNU>:UN`_PP*<@L-y P LCh„6RLNWL76X’ARP*U„=:6:</*-2)6fNU>:UN`!')8k/! 8pLWIL./7+B1UL7-D8RL76K/P*<;8KU-2AJP*U„=:6:<€/Z-DAJP7L7y -2=:6
-L.6:<;1s=JL AJP*U„=:6JNF/Z<;U)8 =RL7-\A:<;U)8:-\)6gNU>:UNY_PP*<@L-y P Lr-*U8k/\3wUiP0/L7VkL78k/aN7U)1;1;<VgL.S -lLF/\<;1;-b)L7S 87L S +N7<QL78k/
=JL.-435N./L76JP0-4=JL l UPL78k/*˜=JL.- N7U11;<-*<;U)8:-7+:hc6:<-*U8k//bP7L.y - L7S 1QL. L7S -=B)8:-41ULPL.S 3 LWS PL.8c/*<UL.1=JLlPL7AJU-=JL
1[e-*6:AGL-P08:U'K l L7->8RL76K/P*<;8KU->AJP0U=:6K</Z-4)6t8:<€iL7)6 =:6 NU>:UN\!)'8c/48JL -06:b:<;-0-L.8c/GAB'- N-L.->=JL76„X
LWIL./*- L./ -*U8k/M=:U)8JN8JLF/*/L7VkL78k/MVeU<;8:-N7U)1;1;<VgL.S -7 3 6X '1UL78k/*U6JP*-`=JL LN O !• N #
d " % %O $'& 5 +”1;
N7U)8c/P*<b:6K/Z<U8M=JL.-=RL76XaNU>KU N.-- L PL W0U<;8k/!+_L./~)6M=JL.1fKy +)1UL8:U)V bJPLD=RLD8JL76K/P*<8:U-‘„<;-0<;b:1QL7-‘AJP0U=K6:</*)6fNU>:UN!')8k/YL7-f/AK1;6:-mL7S 1QL. LCS hc6I?_)6!NU>:UNGPP0<@LWy PL)
4 F37<3 7:914 ;)( *+:9
< L.6X-*U6:-”VWU„=IL7y 1QL7-U8k/ .SL / LS .SL /*6:=:<L.S -IHNWL716:<KUˆ6`y 1[hc6B'8c/*</ LS =I?'7SL 8JLWP*9<QL1;<b)L-S PL-S Ls=:)8:-‘1QLs-*6RP*-Z'6K/
AJP0UT„<QL78k/g=JL’/ZU6/bL{1?'L.S 8JL-P09<UL =:<-*AJU8:<b:1UL =B)8K-1UL U)1;6:VkLY=K6 N!)8K8:U8cbB)[email protected]+<L./N-L716:<2Uz6 y NWL./*/L
L7S 8RL-P*9)<ULeAJP*U„<UL.8c/`=JLe1[ -*6JPf35N-LW=:6HN7)8:8:U)8„b:)1;1 l L.-(L.8:-L.V b:1QL7-=RLABP*)VYL.y /bP L7- 6K/*<;1;<-L.S -G-0U8k/
N-L.6X’=:6 /})bK1UL!'6 Z [Q `k$
a( Zb #+. 8 -U @ e†ˆ‡‰‹ŠˆŒ^ J!R !R/-J D 6
! <U"MC+ , B+ + GE' 4 " + C/ 7b +G <U
+ I J$U A-+U 7 <M0 b-,
, 8 E!; $&; F! ; 1FB , ;
l VB96JP L K€• VWU8k/PLe1ULe8:UV bJP LW=]?'LFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/*-\'/*/L78:=:6K- =B)8:-e†z‡„‰‹ŠˆŒ^[email protected]Ž3wU8JNF/Z<U8
[email protected]?_)8:91QLe=RLW„6JL=K6AW L./7 l L.- QTL.8:-L.V b:1UL.-=JLWABP*)VYLFy /bP L7-G=:6u/}'b:1UL7)6 Z Q{-0U8k/ AJPL7S - L78k/ L.S -7+
!iLWNjf
y NU>B)hc6JLW3wU)<;- 1[eN7U)8c/P*<b:6K/Z<U8j=:6HNU>:UNW')8k/(L./7+‹-0<<L71;1QLhLFX<;-f/bL'+FNWL711UL\=:6HNU>KU NWPP0<@LWy PL)
U)6JP`1QL =5? •+ˆ<;18I? \ ’A:)-`=RL?N.U8k/bP*<b:6K/*<;U8j=:6HNU>KU NWPP0<@LWy PL‘Hˆ1QL\35_N./bL.6JPG=JL l UiP L78k/Z˜e<;8K</Z<;)1
L7-f/>AJP L7-0h„6RL1UL 35NF/bL76RP=JL l UiPL.8k/Z˜:8B)[email protected]++LF/41QL7-N7U)1;1;<-*<U8:-D8c6JN71L7S U8 8c6JN71L7S U8Y-*U8k/-*U6K-41UL - L76:<1
=JL`AJP*U„=:6JNF/Z<;U)8Y=JL.-4A:<U8:-EAaU)6JP1QL7-YN7U11;<-*<;U)8:-D)6 NU>:U NPP0<@LWy PL) l L7- L78:- L7V bK1UL7-=JLGABPZ'VYLFy /bPL.=?! "LF/ =5? ``=:U8K8JL78k/DA:16:-s=]?'LFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/*-Ehc6JL41UL7-s)6K/PL7-)N!P~1UL35_N./bL.6JPs=]? L,XKA:)8:-*<U8r=:6JP*)8k/
1[/PZ!iLWP*-L-S Le=:6PL7-f/bL\=JL\-*6KAILWP*8:U' $ & 5 "L7-f/G8„[email protected] l L =?! M=:U8:8RLeAK1;6:-C=I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-Ghc6JL
1UL =?! `)1UiP*-Ehc6JL 1QLG35NF/bL.6JP4=JL l UiPL.8c/*˜ <;8K</Z<;)1I=JL(N-L =RL-P*8K<UL-P O 0 O •)•• Z ,+GL.-0/4A:1;6:-pL7S 1QL.<SL
0 =? T O Qk•)• Z F~“{'<;-1?'L.S 8JL-P09<UL’=:6 N7)8:8:U8cbB'1;1YL./g1;ŽVW)-*- Lt=JLt-06:AGL-P*8KUT' -0U8k/rA:1;6K9iO P*)8:=JL.-GAJU6JP =? \hc6JL\AaU)6JP =5? ` N-LMhc6:<<LFXA:1<;hc6JLM1;g=:<QY-SL P L78JNWLW!L-Ne1[ B96RPL Z €+IUˆ6 y <;1
-7?_)9<€/2=JL 1[3 P*N./*<;U8 =JL 8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-DA:PPZ)A:AJUiPf/ \
y 1?'L.S 8JL-P09<ULC=K6 N7)8:8:U8cbB'1;1 ,
E!; $ ; [email protected];GE$+H;
< ' 8:-D1UL%N7)=JPL =:6 VeU=IL7y 1UL4=JLCU16:V?L'+:<;1a8I? \ AJP L7-*hc6JL! W*'V)<-s=JLN.U8k/bP*<b:6K/*<;U8r=:6pNU>:UN
P P*<@LWy PL' PlP*)A:AJUiP0/)6 VeU=IL.y 1UL\=JLg-06JP035_N-L)+<;135)6K/[email protected]?0L7S 8RL-P*9)<ULe<;8k/bLWP*8JLmPL7S AB_P0/Z<QLW=:)8:- 1QL
U)1;6:VkLr=:6 N!)8:8KU8cbB)1;1D-0U</\VeU<8:- 9iP*)8:=JL' O L-N7<2<VWA:1<;hc6JL !iL-N’1ULg35'</Mhc6JL’1ULg35NF/bL.6JP\=JL
l UiPL.8k/Z˜>=JL-*UiPf/Z<QL=:6N!)8:8KU8cbB)1;1J-*U)</~AJP*UNU>JL>=JL`•••L./sh„6RL>[email protected]?'L7S 8JLWP*9<QL1<;b7LWS PLWS L-0U</~=JL41?_UP*=JP L
y " • S daL-P09c`hc6JL 1ULPZ \ U8 =:6gN7)8:8:U8cbB'1;1s=KU</[email protected] /bP LrA:1;6:-AILF/Z</7+VNWLrh„6K<D-LePLF/bP0U6KiL =B'8:
1UL.-G')1QL76JP0- =JL 0 LF/'U)6 $ & 5 =K6Ž/}'b:1UL7)6 Z [Q:  8JL'6K/bP LWAJU-*-0<;b:<1;<€/ L S L.-0/ [email protected]?i<;8K=:<UNWLM=JL1;
1;U)<ˆ=JL`=7L-S N-P0U<;-0-Z)8RN-L=RL`1;\=RL78:-0</ L`S =:6!P L7-f/bLG=JL-06:AILWP*8:U'K+^-*U)</pL7S 9k)1QL7VkL78k/2A:16:-AGL./*</7++N)?OL7-0/e y
=:<QPLEh„6RL41[%PL7S ABPf/Z<€/Z<;U)8e=RL41[ VW)-*- [email protected]?'SL W LWN./} =JL1[ -*6:AGL-P08:U)`-*U<€/~-06:A:AJU-LWS L4A:16:-A:1['/L) l N7U)8:-L.S h„6RL78JNWLmL7-f/hc6JLe1ULhP*)1UL.8c/*<;-0-L7VkL78k/`=:6cN!)8:8KU8cbB)1;1 L.-0/`VWU)<;8:-CbJP06K/}'1 )6j=7L7S bK6K/=RLe-0U8
/bP*XW L./2=:)8:-D1UL PL.-0/bL =JLC-06:AGL-P*8KUT'k,+JL./2=KU8JN)+K1[lN.U8k/bP*<b:6K/*<;U8 )6eNU>KU N P P*<@L-y PL"L7-0/D/P7L.y -35)<;b:1QL)+
U)<UPL8„6K1;1UL' l B9)6JPL K€ ARPL7S - L78k/bL\1QL 8:UV bRPL =I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-GAJU6JP41QL7- `mL.8:-L.V b:1QL7-C=JLMAB4
PZ'VYLFy /bPL.-‚=B)8:-1ULN!'=JPLE=:6eVWU„=IL7y 1QLD=JL2U16:V?L' l ?_<8RdB6JL.8JN-LE=JL7-ABP*)VYL.y /bP L7-<L7-f/?L.S h„6K<')1UL.8k/bL y
N-L.1;1QLEAJU6JP1UL2VeU=IL7y 1UL2=JLE-*6RP035NWL)+„V)<-‚AaU6RP1QL NU>KU N!)'8c/7+1;CV)-0-L=JL7-kSL W L-NF/}G=JL4-06:AILWP*8:U'
<;8 dB6JL ABPf/Z<UN.6:1;<@L-y P L7VkL78k/!
™ 8
`&`
K!• Z(b% #+M8 -UBR R C -7 @ e†ˆ‡‰‹ŠˆŒ^ J7 D 6
o( <U C9h , [email protected] +8 +Y77 C+ EC+ + %U [email protected] b EU+ % @%U -BU/CDW -,
K€ Z(b #+./8 -U( @UlM'0 e†ˆ‡„‰ŠˆŒ^ J R(HR C76
-.J D Hh <UaC+-, hb [email protected] R b U+ l @
U bh - U C+EC+ JECU(U +7- @ : +8 +b6
C+ %# 7 #8 8 -U -,
8CU)</ˆhc6JL‚[email protected]]ABP*)VYLFy /bP L7-ˆ87LWS N-L7-0-Z)<QPL.-‹AJU6JPˆ<8:</*<[)1<;- L-PB1ULVeU„=ˆL7y 1QL‘)=:U)AK/ LS AJU6JPP L7AJPL7S - L78k/bLWP
1[g-0U6JP N-\
L U8k/ 8J.L /0/b.L V?.L 8c/ VeU<8:->=I?i<;8R:d 6J7L 8JNW\
L h„6Re
L 1?—'8:91U`
L =JL „6JLa7L 8k/bP \
L [email protected]?_ƒX M
L =:6 W .L /.L / 1;g=:<
O
PLW.N /*<;U8 =JL 1[hFL-P P)L ?O7L -f/"NWC
L 35.N /7L 6J2
P hc6:<M7L -f/41QC
L A:1;6K-D=).L S /L-*P Ve<;8:)8k/!
+5 * =
7
.'&( &
7 *+ * '5)387<39 l ?OLFX L7VeA:1QL 6K/Z<1;<-L`S )6 ABP*)9iPZ'A?>JLK—$ Q =? `=:)8:-C1UL`VWU„=IL.y 1UL=RL -*6JPf35N-L!F+IARP*U„=:6:</>•K+[•
L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/`ABP )8 AJU6JP%N-LhN7)8:8:U)8„b:)1;1‘AJU6JPC6K8u)8K91UL =RL 6RL LN O •K l eN7U8k/P*<;bK6K/Z<U8 =:6
NU>:UN PP0<@LWy PLmL.-0/\=:UVe<;8:)8k/bLgAJU6JP NWL./e)8K91ULW=JLg„6JL) U6JP TN!'8:8:U8cbB)11;-.+ Z + Z L.S <SL78JL.V?L.8k/Z-
`Q
-*U)8c/C'/*/L78:=:6K-7+ˆ!iLWNW$ ! 2 !• N dTL.S L7S 8RL7VkL78k/ =JL bJP06:</4=JL 3wU8:=] U)6JP L7S 1<;Ve<;8JLWP21[?dB6RN./Z6:'/Z<U8
=:6 bJP06:</ =JL3wU8:= !L-Nr6:8JLr1<;Ve</Le=RL ! O Z ! ] 2 • N % Z ,+$ L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-\=:U)<iL.8k/[email protected] /bP L
Ub:- L-Pf<SL.-7 l WAJP*Ub:)b:<;1</ L>S =JL=7.SL /bLWN./*<;U8TL.-0/ ) L78 )8Ia“{)<- NWL./"LFX L7VeA:1UL`8I?OL7-0/4AB)-E/bP7L.y PL7S )1;<-0/L‘Hˆ1UL.-G-06JP*-*)6K/*-9k)VeVWK+]=B'8:-`1QLMVWU„=IL.y 1ULM=JL.-lN!'8:8:U8cbB)11;-.+I8JLe-*U8k/ ’
y AJP0<;UiP0<‘AB)- /ZU)6:l
=:<QP*<;94L7S -4L-P*-G1[mFL-P PL' ?_)8:9)1ULM=JLM„<;-L-S L\=:U<€/[email protected] /PLaL78k„<UP0U8 <;8K3 LWS P*<UL.6JPW y • N dPZ'=jAJU6JPChc6JL\1QL
-*6RP*-Z'6K/D-*U)</<-*<b:1ULYL78r9k'VWVWGA:Ps1QL7-s-*'/bL.1;1</bL.-IHc1UL.-')1QL76JP0-s=JL.-D)8:91QL7-~=JL4„6JLCXW06K-0/ LWS L7-DAB_P
Y < )=KU:+ 3 < L 6XS W06:1[ LF/ 3 < PD=B'8:- [ •W\z-*U)8c/YP7SL ABPf/Z<QL7-L78k/bP L\• N S L./G ! 2 • N d!
l L.-s8:UVbJPL.-~=I?0L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/Z-sUbK/bL.8c6:-sAB_P7N7)8:8:U8cbB'1;1;-‚=B'8:-~1QL7-$LFX L7VeA:1QL7-6K/Z<1;<;-L7S -‚<UN.< =B'8:1ULWVWU„=IL.y 1UL=RLg-*6JPf35N-L!F+‘-0U8k/\91;U)bB)1UL.V?L.8k/lP L7AJPL7S -L.8k/}'/*<3w-M=JL.-hL78:- L7V b:1QL7-M=JLABPZ'VYLFy /bPL.- -L
1ULWN./*<;U8:87L7S - '6 ABP*)9iPZ'A?>JL Z a`K[`K Y <s1QL7-`-*6JP0-Z)6K/*- 9k)VeVW’-0U8k/MAJP*U„=:6:<€/Z-`-L71U8u/*U6:- NWL7- AB4
PZ'VYLFy /bPL.-7+ƒ-Z)8K-‘AJPLFS 3C-SL P L78JNWLDAaU6RP”[email protected]?i6:8`U6 [email protected]?_)6K/PL7L78:- L7V b:1QLs=JLsABPZ'VYLFy /bPL.-7+ƒ1UL~8:UV bJP Ls=I?0L.S L.S 8JL*
VkL78k/Z-DAB_P-*6JP0-Z)6/L./2ABP)8I+RL.8r3wU8JN./*<;[email protected]?_)8:91QL=JL>„6JL%L.-0/YL78rVeU \ L.8:8JL)++NWL716:<]AJP7SL - L78k/ L S
-*6RPE1; B96JP L K$
K$
Z #+. D <U C+l , IU
# +. l @ lU-BU .DW Y+ 7 "+
/G0-,
G
8 iL76/ PL.8:=JP L7N.UVWA/bL=:6`35)<€/zhc6JLs1QL7-)8:91QL7-z=JL‚6RLsAGL76KL78k/AJP L78:=JP Ls=:<YLWS PL.8c/L7-‹)'1UL76RP*-7
8tAJP L78:= 1ULN!'->=JL =JL.6X =K<;-0/P*<b:6K/Z<U8:-Ehc6JL [email protected]?iU8Y-*6:A:AJU- LhPL7ARPL7S - L78k/}ƒ/Z<L7- =JL 1;WAJP0UbB)bK<;1;<€/ L S
=JL =7.L S /bLW.N /L-P 6:8 -*6R*P -Z'6K/!+L.8 9k)VeV+J- L71U8t-*U)8Ž'8:91UL`=JL„6JL' l ?_6:8RLhL7-0/>9k)6:-0-*<UL.8:8JLhNWL78k/bP-SL L
L78 LN O • N dh*P )= .L /M=Rr
L 1[0P 9i7L 6JP Z 2 !• N S +‘1?—)6/bPL?7L -f/\6:8:<3wU*P Vk)L l .L - B96JP 7L - K€ `TFL / K€ Z
VeU8k/bP.L 8k/ N-.L -D=:<;-f/b*P <b:6K/*<;U8:-~AaU)6JP `2 Z -*6J0P -Z)6K/*- .L /DAJU6JsP =J7L -')1Q7L 6J0P -=JL LN 7N UVeAJ*P <-).L 8c/PL •lFL /
^ 2 • N d ZP '=I
L 1? Ln?7N 7N <€/ L S =JG
L =7.L S /L-FN /Z<;U)8{=J.L -4-*6R*P -Z'6K/4A:2P 1U7L -E=7FL S /bL-FN /b.L 6J*P -9k)VeVM-*U)</E=Je
L `-0<
Y 6:AKAaU-0U8:-h„6R`
[email protected]?_)8:9)1U4
L =R4
L „6JL7L -0/.N UVeAJ*P <-)7L 8k/PG
L • .L /C!• N d ZP )=fFL /Dhc6I? .L 1;1Q>
L -*U<€/D=7.L S AI.L 8:=B)8k/bL =J4
L 1[lBd 6J.L 8JN-C
L =R7L <
-*6R*P -Z'6K/Z-CAJU6J>
P =R7L - )8:9)1U7L -4A:1;6:-49iZP )8K=:-7 )8:- NW.L /*/(
L > \ AJU)/ >ˆ7L y - )L +ˆAJU6J>
P 1Q7L ->A:16:->AG.L /*</Z->)8:91Q7L -7+
1[G=:<;-f/b0P <;b:6K/*<;U8W=J7L -)8:91Q7L -s=R4
L „6J>
L =J.L -D-*6J0P -Z)6K/*-D=7.L S /L-FN / 7L S -D- L-*P 6:8:<3wU*P VkL .L 8 )8:91Q
L -0U1;<=JL 6:8:<
3wUi0P V?L?7L 8g7N U-0<;8c6:-M=Jr
L 1?—'8:91Ue
L =Jg
L „6J!L =:U8JNm.L 1;1Q
L -*6K<PZt6:8Rg
L 3wU8J.N /*<;U8uAJ*P UAJUifP /Z<;U)8:8J7L 11UL y LN U)6JP 1U.L -'8:91U.L --06:A7L-S 0P <U.L 6J*P -YŽ
y • d *P )=I+.SL /}'8c/=:U8:87g
L S hc6Jg
L 1[fBd 6J.L 8JN-Lm.L -0/MAR*P UAJUi0P /*<;U8K8J7L 11Ut
L y
% L 7L hc6B'/*<;U8 `K $„+^AaU6R
P K+ O $ & N 5 FL / & ! KX<.L S -}F+I7L 11UL -*6:<€PZW6K8J`
L 3wU8R.N /Z<U8’AJ*P UAJUifP /Z<;U)8:8J7L 11UL
m
y % L % l L !N )-=:6 UN >:U< Xm=Rt
L 1[j=:<;-f/b*P <b:6K/*<;U8v9k)6:-0-*<U.L 8:8Jt
L AG7L 6/ .L @ /PL!.N U8:-0<;=7LWS PLT
S .N UVWVk{
L 6K8JL
P.L AJP.L S -.L 8c/Z'/Z<U8Y)A:AJ0P U UN >7LWS `
L =RLNWL!N )-.
L hc6J>
L [email protected]?OLWnk7N 7N <€/ E
L S =J7L -~=).L S /L-.N /7L 6J0P -D=77L S AG7L 8K=r=J4
L 1;Bd 6R7L 8JNW>
L =J7L -s-*6J0P -Z)6K/*-shc6J.L 1;1UE
L hc6JL
Y <[email protected]?iU8e-*6:A:AJU- >
-*U)</ 1[g')1Q7L 6JP =Je
L [email protected]?_)8:91QL =J\
L „6J)L +z1U.L - -*6J0P -Z)6K/*-8Je
L AG7L 6KL78k/ FL @ /bP\
L =7FL S /bLW.N / .L S - hc6Je
L AaU6RG
P =R7L - /b7P .L y AG.L /Z<€/b.L -s')1U.L 6J*P -~=JL LN 3 <;8:-0<a1Q4
L 1U
L 8:UV bRP>
L =J4
L 8J7L 6K/*P <8:U-~„<-*<;bK1UE
L =B)8:-De†ˆ‡„‰ŠˆŒ^C-LWZP )<€/1U
L A:1;6K3
7L S 1Q.L )L S 6m.N U8k/b*P )<UP )L +„1UL"UN >KU<€XW=I?i6:8J>
L =K<;-0/*P <b:6K/Z<U8e6:8:<3wU*P VkL .L 8 )8:91Q7L -=J4
L „6J>
L AGL-0P V?FL /=J4
L 35'<UPL
6:8JL.L -0/Z<Vƒ/Z<;U)8r=J7L -2VeU<;8:-DU)AK/Z<VW<-0/b.L -7
`Z
Y <a1UL7-)8:91QL7-=JL6RLC-LC=:<-0/bP0<;b:6RL78k/D-L.1;U8r1;9k)6K-*-*<QL78:8RLC=)L-S NWP*</L)+a `HL.S L7S 8RL7VkL78k/Z-2-LWPZ)<QL78k/DUb
- LWP0 L7S -E=B)8K-2W†ˆ‡„‰‹ŠˆŒJL78 G)8I+JL.8 -*6:A:AJU-*)8k/` -06JP*-*)6K/YL78fN7U 98;8JN.<;=JL.8JN-LCAB_PW0U6JP7 U6RPE6K8JL
/bL.1;1QL=:<-0/P*<;bK6K/Z<U8=JL.-2)8:91QL7-~=JL4„6JL)[email protected]?'L.S U)1;6K/*<;U8W=JL>1[GAJP*U)bB)b:<1;</ LS =RL>=7L.S /L-NF/Z<;U)8r=I?—e†ˆ‡„‰ŠˆŒ^
L78 3wU8JNF/Z<U8 =:6’/L7VeA:- L7-f/"NWL711UL>AJPL7S - L78k/ LWS L-*6RP1; B96JP L QK
< )8:-‚1QL N!)-‚=JLE1[>=:<-0/P*<;bK6K/Z<U8M6:8:<€3wUiP*VkL)+i]TLFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/*-sAJU6JPP0U8k/ [email protected] /bP L2VW<- L78kN7U:988JN7<=JL78JNWLL78
G)8I l ?'.SL U)1;6K/*<;U8 =JL 1[ ARP*UbB'b:<;1</ LS =JL =7L.S /L-NF/Z<;U)8Y=JLF„<UL78k/YN-L.1;1QLCAJPL.S -L78k/ -SL L-06JP21[ B96RPL K€8 K
O L7-c.SL )U1;6K/*<;U8K-`8JLeAJP7SL -L.8k/bL78k/Mhc6JLWAIL.6u=JLe=:<YLWS PL78RN-L7-`-L.1;U8Ž1ULaNU>:U< Xj=JL7-`=:<;-f/bP*<b:6K/*<;U8:- =JL.)8:9)1UL7-=JL{„6JL) < )8:-g1QL7- $HN7)-7+sW†ˆ‡„‰‹ŠˆŒJ AJU6JPP*uVkL./*/PLTL.8 .SL „<;=JL.8JN-L =RL7-r8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-L78
N7U 98;8JN.<;=JL.8JN-LG!iLWN`1QL7-D-*6RP*-Z'6K/Z-E9k)VeVM'AJP7L.y -GG)8’=JL AJP0<;-LC=RL`=:U)8:87L-S L.-7
8M6K/Z<1;<-Z)8k/‹1ULVWU„=IL.
y 1UL=JL~)U1;6:VkL)+ƒ1UL8:UVbJPL~=I?'LFS <SL78JL.V?L.8c/*-‚Ub:-LWP0 L7S - L.-0/=RLD$+ Q Z LF/+[`4AJU6JP7+
PL.-*AGL-NF/Z<L7VkL78k/!+1UL.-~=:<-0/P*<;bK6K/Z<U8:-‚9k)6:-0-*<QL78:8JL L./~6:8:<€3wUiP*VkL2=JL7-s)8:91QL7-=JL„6JL' l L7-kL.S )U1;6K/*<;U8K=JLe1[rAJP0UbB)b:<1;<€/ L S =JLe=7LFS /bL-NF/Z<U8 L.8Ž3wU8RN./Z<U8 =:6Ž/L7VeA:-G=JL.„<UL.8:8JL.8c/lN-L.1;1UL.- AJPL.S -L78k/ L-S L7--*6JPG1UL.B96RPL7M- K€K] L./ K€C^K
< ?_)AJP7L7y -hNWL7-(B96JP L7-.+e†z‡„‰‹ŠˆŒ^’-LWPZ L78 VkL7-06JPLr=JLr=7.SL /bLWN./L-P\1UL.- 8JL76/bP*<8:U-\)-0-*UN7<7SL -\)6X
VeU=IL.y 1ULG=JL7- O )8:8:U8cbB'1;1;-.+]'6 VW<QL76XY)6 bJU6K/4=JL hc6JL.1;hc6JL7-CVeU<-7+J)6tA:<QPL)AJP7L.y -Qr)8K8)L-S L.-C=JL
AJP0<;-L =JL =:U)8:87L-S L.-7
.'&9& 1
65739
$+$ , [email protected]; ; B l ?_<[email protected]?iU- N7<;11['/*<;U8C=RL7-‘8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)-”8I?_4AB)-(.SL / L~S AJP*<-L7L78hN7U)VWAK/Ls=B'8:-VNWL./*/LD)8B'1 \ -L' l =:<-0/}'8JN-L L.8c/PLE1[>-0U6JPNWLL./‚1[ FL-P PLL7-f/bIL7)6JN7U)6:AWAK1;6:-9iP*)8:=JLDhc6JL21;>1;U8:9)6JL76JP”=I?_U)-N7<1;1;'/Z<U8I+
)<8:-*<I1QL7-DA?>:)-L.-=JL.- L#LF/Z-2=I?i<;8k/bLWP03 LWS PL78RN-LL78k/bP L`1QL7- ` 35)Ve<;1;1QL7-~=JL 8JL76K/P*<8:U-D-*U)8c/EVeU \ L78K8)L-S L.-7+
L./ 6K8cNU>:)8:9iL.V?L.8c/ =RLhN7UVeAaU)-*</*<;U8Y=:6 dB6XTL7-0/Gƒ/*/bL.8:=:6I 3 6GB8B)1+]1QL 8:UV bRPL =JLM8RL76K/P*<;8KUV 6:U)8:<;hc6JL.-”AJU6JPP*)<//[email protected] /PL7PL7S =K6:</”=I?_6K835N./L76JP " $ )U<UP L " `k, l L/bL7VeA:-=I?_U)b:-LWP0''/Z<U8 =JLFPZ
=:U8RNA[email protected] /bP LW'6:9VkL78k/ LMS [email protected] VkL35NF/bL.6JP7‹“ [email protected] V?LM=:)8:-N-LaN!'-7+ze†ˆ‡‰‹ŠˆŒ^e- L-PZr/ZU)6 W0U6JP0-%L78
VkL7-*6RPL‚=JL‚=7L.S /L-NF/bL-P‹1UL.-z8JL76K/P*<8:U-ˆ<;-0-*6:-‹=JL.-‹-06JP*-*)6K/*-9k'VWVW=B)8:-z1QLVWU„=IL7y 1QL‘=JL.- O )8K8:U8cbB)11;-7
;
*+
* , 1-; !F; ; B l _? U)-N7<1;1;'/Z<U8W=RL7-8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)--LCAJP0U=K6:</s-7?i<;1;-~U8k/D6:8JL4V)-0-L' l V'-*-L4=:6 8JL76K/P*<8:U <;8k/P*U„=:6:</
)1UiP*-‚6:8W=)7SL 1;)<+L78k/bP L41;G=7LFS /bLWN./Z<U8=RL7-sAJ>:U)/ZU)8:-7LF/s1;G=7L.S /bLWN./*<;U8W=JL7-8JL76/bP*<8:U-. l L PL./ZP*=kL78k/PL
6:8JL AB_P0/Z<QN76:1QLC=JL V'-*-
L L./26:8JLGABPf/Z<QN76:1QL>-Z)8K-EVW)-0-L -*6JPE6:8JL =:<-0/Z)8JN-
L +JL.-0/ B
O
l LC35N./L76JP2=JL l UiPL.8k/Z˜
-.?'LWS N-P*<€/ B
L./7+BAaU)6JP "!
q O
q B
q S
q
rq S
/ $
q
O #$ q q S
`2
Probabilite de detection
14
12
10
8
6
4
1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
2
0.4
0
0
0.0005
0.001
0.0015
0.002
0.0025
θv
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
ans
K€ `) 7-? <U C9
E 5-0b+ Cc # D H FJ +EC LN:O • N d !76
< Z 2 • N SK, f#bf #+
[email protected]< E9+ <Cb,HG,
Probabilite de detection
KLQ + b F c M' D H 0/ a [email protected] @lU
fHU<UmC9 C+ 7- CUT# < F +# <Cb6 +b ,
10
8
6
4
2
1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0
0
0.001
0.002
0.003
0.004
0.005
0.006
0.007
0.008
θv
0
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
K o + b F c M' D H 0/ a [email protected] @lU
fHU<UmC9 C+ 7- D 7 + <C b6 + ,
Probabilite de detection
Probabilite de detection
0.4
ans
K€ Z 7-? <U C9
E -'b+ k 5bY D 7J
+ 'LNMO • LNMO ^ 2 • N d , #b
# +.!C8Cc? E +C <C b, ,
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
0
0.2
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
0
0
4
ans
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
ans
K€K]H + b F M' D H0/ J +C? +# I
@p @U - Ue CJ "
- <UTAC+ 0< 6
+# < b, F ,
K ^o + b F c M' D c0/ J +? +# I
@f @mU - Um CJ "
7- <U >C+ ! 6
D <C b, G ,
`]
 8e8JL.6K/bP0<;8:UG=JL •• n LFo +kAJP0U=K6:</<L.8WV [email protected] VkL/bL.VWA:-hc6I?i6:8A?>KU)/ZU8]+] y 6K8JL=K<;-0/Z)8JNWLE=RL` n AGN)+
-7?i<;1{6K8JLVW)-*- L L.S 9k)1UL {
y 1;’1<;Ve</bL " • ! C^t“pL.o [ 8_\+)6JPZ’6:8oP L./}_P*= =JL Q Z >RL76JP L7- Y =7LFS /bL-NF/Z<U8 -7?i<;1‹AaU)-*-7L.y =JLM6:8JL`/bL711UL`V)-0-L'+]=JLF<QL78k/>/P7L7y -C=77SL 1;<QN!'/L m
y L.8k/bPL.AJPL.8:=JP LkN7P41;W3 L78 [email protected] /bP L
/bL.VWAJUiP L71;1QL>=I?iUb:- L-P0''/*<;U8Y8JL AIL.6K/A:1;6:- [email protected] /PLPL.S 91LWS L -L71U8’1UL -*<98B)1ML.8!PZ \ U8:- O +9LF/1?—'8B)1 \ - L
AJP7SL -L.8k/ L-S L`<UN.<I=JL.P* [email protected] /PLCVeU=K<)LWS L)
O L./0/bLVW)-0-Ls=RLs8JL.6K/bP0<;8:UV 6:U8:<hc6JL7L.-0/-*')1UL.6JP‹1;<;Ve</L) Y <U)8 1[2-*6:AKAaU- LAJP0U NU>JLs=JLs1;EVW)-*- L
=:6 8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U L.S 1ULWN./bP0U8:<h„6RL ( ' `mLFo ,+]1ULlPL./ZP*={=JL.„<UL.8k/ =JL [email protected]?iUiP0=JPL =RL Z • $ -. Y <U8 -*6KA
AJU-LDhc6JL21[V)-0-LD=:6\8JL.6K/bP0<;8:UTL.S 1UL-NF/bP0U8:<;hc6JL)L7-0/‚87L7S 91<;9iL7)b:1UL'+^Cy AB_P0/Z<QP”=JLD1;4')1UL.6JP‘=J
L q
UbK/L78c6JL`=B)8:-1ULN!)=RPL=]? L,XKA7-SL P*<QL78JNWL7->-06JP41QL7-EU-N.<;11['/*<;U8:-s=JL`8RL76K/P*<;8KU-4ƒ/ZVeU-*A?>7L-S P*<hc6JL7- -*U
1['<UPL.-},+J1;VW)-*- L=:6 8JL.6K/bP0<;8:UV 6:U8:<hc6JL)+ ( +]=JLF<QL78k/[email protected]?iUiP*=JP L=JL •K+—• L.o • N q LFo LF/
1UL PLF/}P0=g8I?OL7-0/2AK1;6:-~h„6RLC=JL $)•8K- •K+ Z 8:-ZF < )8:- NWL7-s/P*U<-s=JLWP*8:<QL-P*-)N!)-.+K1UL PLF/}P0=r8I?—'6JPZA:)=I?OL IL./E-*6RPE1;MVW<-L%L78pN7U ;8JN.<;=JL.8JN-L =JL.-E8RL76K/P*<;8KU-EL-NG1UL.-*-PZ \ U)8:-29k)VeVK
.'&9& /
5 7 ( 7 g5/< 7 <
l ?'.SL /*6:=JL\=JL\1[g- L78:-0<;b:<1;</ LS =I?_e†ˆ‡‰‹ŠˆŒ^W)6„X 8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-C<-*-06:- =JL7- -*6RP*-Z'6K/Z-G9k)VeVe=B)8:- 1QL
VeU=IL.y 1UL =:
6 <UPL.bB)112 L.S / !
SL PL!S )1<;-LWS LY<=JL78k/*<;hc6JL7VkL78k/ y NWL71;1QLYARPL7S - L78k/ LWS L =B)8:-?N-LF/*/bL’/ >IL.y -L' l L
VeU=IL.y 1ULgARP*U„=:6:</ =JL7-\8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-\=JLV>B'6K/bL L.S 8JL-P09<UL " •FL.oCF+-L.1;U8uƒXV'8 LF/e|>JN7)1;1
[ Z \ U<QPm7SL 9k'1UL7VkL78k/D1QL>ABP*)9iP*)A?>JL ` $—$)&2F l L dB6X =JLC8RL76K/P*<;8KU-DAJP*U„=:6:<€/Z-=:)8:- N-L VeU=IL7y 1UL
L7-f/MAJP7SL -L.8k/ L_
S B96JP L K€ {Uˆ6]y +2Y
y /*</PLe=JLmN7U)VWAB_PZ)<-*U8I+‹6:8Hd:6X =JLW8JL76/bP*<8:U- ARP*U„=:6:</*-=B'8:O
1ULeVeU=IL.y 1UL\=:6 |~U6:1ULF/G=JL )8KU8oL7-f/ L.S 9k)1UL.V?L.8k/AJPL7S - L78k/ L'S +”AJU6JP6K8HLFX L.VWA:1QL=I?OL78K-L7Vb:1ULW=JL
ABP*)VYL.y /bP L7-4L./‘AJU6JP6:8M)8K91UL~=JL~„6JL X$LWS L) l "P7SL -0U1;6K/*<;U8`)8:9)6:1[)<QPL=I?_W†ˆ‡„‰‹ŠˆŒJD)6„XcL.S 8JL-P09<UL.=JL.-8RL76K/P*<;8KU-‚AJP*U„=:6:<€/Z-=B)8K-1QLDVWU„=IL.y 1UL=JL21;C|sU6:1QLD=JL 9L.6aL7-0/VkL7<1;1UL.6JPLsh„6RLE=:)8:-‚1ULDVeU=IL7y 1UL
=:6Ž|sU6:1QL./ =JL O )8:U)8 BML71;1QLhL7-f/<8K3CL-S P0<UL76RPL{ y + 5Z 1 U6RPGAJU6K)U<UPC<8k/ L7S 9PL-P A:16:- =JL\-*<98B)1+I1UL.N7U)6:A:6JP L7- =JL -L.S 1ULWN./Z<U8#U8k/ L.S / L S PL.1[NU>7LWS L L./’)61:8B)[email protected][email protected]?_)8B)1 \ -L d =:U8K8JL 6:8 -*<98B)1=JL •K+ FQ
L.S L.S 8JL7VkL78k/WABPM)8]+‘AaU)6JPM6:8 bJP*6K</M=JLg3wU)8:= =JL Z ! 2^ 2 • N d l AJP*Ub:)b:<;1</ LWS =JLrVkL./0/bP LeL78
L.S „<=JL78JNWL>=JL.-8JL76/bP*<8:U-<-*-06:-s=JL.--*6RP*-Z'6K/Z-D9k'VWVW =B)8:-~1ULVWU„=IL7y 1QL=RL41[
”<UP L7bB'1;1 VL.-0/D=]? L.8
„<UP0U8’•K+ $ L.8Y=JL.6XY)8:-LF/=]? L.8c„<QP*U8Y•K+ ] Z L78 e'8:-7
l ?'7SL 8JLWP*9<QL=JL.->8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U-AJP*U„=:6:<€/Z- L./>1QL8:U)V bJPL`=JLlNWL76Xthc6JL [email protected]?iU8YAaU6RPPZ'</E=7L.S /L-NF/bL-PC-0U8k/
)-0-L7˜{=:<Y-SL P L78k/Z-eAaU)6JPWAGL-P0V?LF/*/PLY)6m=7LFS /bLWN./bL.6JPre†ˆ‡‰‹ŠˆŒ^{=JLY=:<;- N-P*<VW<8JL-PM1QL VWU„=IL7y 1QL =JL{1;
”<QPL7b:)1;1a=:6YVeU„=ˆL7y 1QL>=JL7- O )8K8:U8cbB)11;-7
K k: 4!h#7 #8
&'GF) @$U - U$$
U" D 42k! 6
G"! !Yl Uk6
# ' @ U9 - U C DW U R b =?! `
F -U G I, H % <Up
C+lM LNMO $ 2 !• N S,
6 ? /'& $% 2 3 A-2= 3 # $ - 6 - # $)(+*-,.0/-132 2%+4 $ / 3 = $ 6 A- 6E39 = 3$ -% -6587: / # %$
`i^
.'&9&
:9?< * *J9 7:9
<
*+
9
:9 M 5/4:9
* l ?N.U1;1;)baUPZ'/*<;U8r4‰‹† I‰ WAJP0<;-E=JL7-=:U8:87L-S L7-=JL7AK6:<;-` & ]\!iL-N1UL =7L.S /L-NF/bL76RP>=B)8:--Z\iL-P
-*<U8 |• )U<UPeABP*)9iP*)A?>JL{$—$F+$L./jŽ
y ABPf/Z<QPW=JLt$)•••Ž!iL-N{1[ iL-P0-*<U8 3 “ 3 < 3 jj} l L.PL.S -*6:1€/}'/*-PL7AJUiPf/ L7S - <QN7<-*U)8c/G<-*-*6K-G=RL?NWL7- =JL76„XjAJP*<-L7-G=JL\=:U8K8)L-S L.-`VW)<;-C1QL7-%PL7S -*6K1/}ƒ/Z-N7U8RN-L-P
8B)8k/[email protected]?_)8:87L-S LE$)••)• -0U8k/AJPL.S 1;<;Ve<;8:)<UP L7- [ `k$C\@ l ?_)8B)1 \ -L2AJPL.8:=kL78kN7UVeAK/bLD1?_<8K3wUiP0V'/*<;U8`=:<UP L-N
/Z<U8:8JL.1;1QL`=:U)8:87L-S L\AB_P>1UL -*'/bL.1;1</bL`| 3 Y "AaU)6JP `KK]-06JP*-*)6K/*-L.8JPL.9<;-f/bPL7S -C=:6JP*)8k/ 1[A7-SL P*<U=RL
&i4] f$)•)••K l M3 L78 [email protected] /bP LC/bL7VeAJUiPL.1;1UL46K/Z<1;<;-L-S L L.-0/E=JL\•MVe<;8c6K/bL.-E')8k/LF/4'AJP7L.y -E1?—'1UL-Pf/bL n |
l ?—'8B)1 \ - L(L.-0/4/P7L.y -E3wUiPf/bL.V?L.8c/=7L.S AIL.8:=B)8k/bL`=:6tVeU=IL7y 1UL '=:UAK/ L)S +9L78t1?_UN-N.6JPP L78JNWL`1QL VWU„=IL7y 1QL =JL
1[ ”<UP L7bB)11]!L-N 1[8KUiP*VW)1;<-Z'/*<;U8e=JL uƒXV'8eL./2| >JN!)11 [ Z \ < LCA:16:-1?'LFS /Z6:=JL%L.-0/2=7L.S =:<LWS L y
1[eVW<-L(L78 L.S „<=JL78JNWLM=JL 8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)-4=JL >:)6K/bL 7SL 8JLWP*9<QL ) • FL.o , l L7-"PL7S -06:1/Z'/Z-4AJPL.S -L78k/ 7SL -g y
/Z<€/bP L4<;8K=:<UN7'/Z<€3z)6g/}'b:1UL7)6 K—$`8JLCAGL76KL78k/EAB)[email protected] /bP L%N7UVeABPL7S -D!iLWNC6:8JL%L.-0/Z<Vƒ/Z<;U)8bB)--SL LC-06JP
1UL VeU=IL7y 1ULC=RL7- O '8:8:U8cbB)11;-. 3 6JN.6:8 LFS <SL.8JL7VkL78k/"L78!N.UiPP7SL 1;'/Z<U8’L-N`6:8{-06JP*-*)6K/9k)VeV 8I?_
L.S / SL Ub:-LWP0 L)S ‰ FK—$I, 8!" #"$$ % &(' ' Z ' '6 )*"' ' Z ' 6
; ; J "!+, C -. <../ 012 "34M "."5+ - , 24 -67 -6
% ! 8G ! /
3 K8 8)L-S L 7 -06JP*-*)6K/
& ]
] ^
&i^
&
&&
2
$)•••
Q&Q
/*U)/})1
`KK]
: ,; <0=C,
8 919
•K+€•
•K+—$)•
•K+—$)•
•K+ •
+ۥ
Ub:-LWP0 L S
•
•
•
•
•
$
< )8:-‚6:8RL PL-S N-L.8k/bL4ARPL S A:6:b:1<UN7'/Z<U8 [ ` Q_\+k1[N7U11[)bJUiPZƒ/Z<;U)8 |Pƒ)1BAJPL.S -L.8c/L4bJP0<@LFy iL7VkL78k/[email protected]?_)8B
1 \ - LE=RL P L-NU>JLWPNU>JL=JL8RL76K/P*<;8KU-<L78kN7U 8JN7<=JL78JNWL4!L-NE=JL7--*6JP0-Z)6/Z-9k)VeVK l GA7LWS P*<U=JLD-.?'LFS /})1QL
L78k/PLC &^ L./‚$)•••K+'!iLWNY]i]$-06JP*-*)6K/Z- L.8JPL.9<;-f/bPL7S -‘AB_P‘| 3 Y /*U6:-‘1QL7-”-06JP*-*)6K/*-V [email protected] V?L7N-L76„X
hc6:<:8I?iU8k/‚AB)-lLFS / LS =7-SL N71QL78JNU>7LES A:P| 3 Y , 3 AJP7L7y -1UL.- N7U)6:A:6JP L7-‚=JL PL7S =:6JNF/Z<U8\=:6MbJP*6K</=JL3wU)8:=
=B)8K-6K8JLE3 L.8 [email protected] /PL2=JL2A:16:-‚U6\VWU<8:-D••C-)6K/*U6JP=:6e-*6RP*-Z'6K/!+^fL.S <SL78JL.V?L.8k/)L.-0/Ub:- L-P0 L'S +'1;UiP0hc6JLG1UL7- N.U ;8RN7<;=RL78JNWL7-D3wUiP0/*6:</L7-D=JLF')<UL.8c/YL.8{)AKAaUiPf/bLWP•+[Q ]„
>
l ?_)8B)1 \ -L AJPL7S - L78k/ LWS LW<QN7<”VeU8k/bP L hc6JLM1UL=)L.S /L-N./L76JP e†ˆ‡„‰ŠˆŒ^M-LWPZeL78 VkL7-*6RPL =JLM=7.SL /bLWN./L-P
=JL.-8JL.6K/bP0<;8:U)-E<-*-06:-2=JL)++LF/ L.8!N.UiPPL7S 1[ƒ/Z<;U)8 L-NG1UL.-E-06JP*-*)6K/*-9k'VWVW-7?i<;1-D-*U8k/AJP*U„=:6:<€/Z-D=B'8:1UL\VeU=IL7y 1UL\=JL.- O '8:8:U8cbB)11;-. O L.AIL.8:=B)8k/[email protected]?iU-N.<;1;1;'/Z<U8Y'’=:<;Ve<;8c6JLWPC1UL\8:UV bRPLe=JLW8RL76K/P*<;8KU=7LFS /bL-NF/ L'S < LEA:1;6:-.+„)6X\„6JL7-s=JL7-s)8B)1 \ - L7-7L IL-N./*67L-S L.-D!iLWN41UL.-~=KU8:87LWS L7-=JL.-~/ 7SL 1UL.-N.UAIL.-)L.83wU8JN
/Z<U8:8JL.V?L.8k/!+1QL/bL7VeA:-‚=I?iUb:- L-P0''/*<;U8\6K/*<;1<;-LsS <UN7<K-L-P*CAJP*Ub:)b:1UL.V?L.8k/)6:9VkL78k/ L S )6:9VkL78k/}ƒ/Z<;U)8
=:6 bJP06:</=JL3wU8K=^(L./ 1UL8KUV bJP Lg=JLg-06JP*-*)6K/aL78 N.U ;8RN7<;=RL78JNWLgAaU)6JPP*)</ [email protected] /bP Lg=:<VW<8„67SL =:<;Ve<
8c6K/Z<U8{=K6t-*<98B)1[F ‹U6K/bLF3wU<;-.+JW†ˆ‡„‰‹ŠˆŒJ '6JPZe1[\AaU-0-*<b:<;1</ LCS =RL=:<-N-P0<;Ve<;8JLWP21ULGVWU„=IL7y 1QL =JL1;
`&
”<QPL7b:)1;1=JL N-L.1;6:<B=JL.- O )8:8:U8cbB'1;1;-. O L7-$PL.S -*6:1€/}'/*-‚-*U8k/=:U8JND/P7L7y -‚AJU-*<€/Z<€3w-7&fL!S )8KVWU<8:-7+'hc6JL NWL
-*U)</~AaU6RPs1ULVWU„=IL.y 1ULE=JL>1[”<UP L7bB'1;1BU6g1QL4VeU=IL7y 1ULE=JL.- O )8:8:U)8„b:)1;1-7+„1UL7-~<;8JNWL-Pf/Z</*6:=JL.-1;<-SL L7-~)6X
VeU=IL.y 1UL.-/ >7L.S UiP*<h„6RL7-E-*U8k/<;VeAaUiPf/})8k/L7-7 l LdB6X’=RLG8RL76K/P*<;8KU-AJU6JP PZ)<€/ [email protected] /PLPLF6 e
y 1;(>B)6:-0-L
<
N7U)VWVkLe y 1;bB)<-*-L' )8K- N-LC=JLWP*8:<QL-P N7)-7+K6:8g/ L.S 1UL7- N7UAGLC=JL>1;`/}'<;1;1QL=]?_6:8_PcV d -L-P* 87L-S NWL7-0-Z)<QPL
AJU6JP L IL-NF/Z6JLWP6K8JL =)L.S /L-N./*<;U8’AJU<;8k/Z6RL%L./)<;8K-*<N.U8k/bPZ'<;8:=JP L 1[/ >7L7S UiP0<UL)
Qk•
"! # $ % &('*)
&` \ !"$#"%'&)(+*-,/.+0213$465 %79:
8 $#"% <;=>4?
O
@% #%%#%ABCDE 4C)C F'4CG ;=%H"I 4)JI 7 HKL5 4CB 4
4+M4C$%D#IN46O#%#%$ PA:#$#$$4Q!"%#%%DR-SST%#IN4R7>%C \ %
U!% \ %AC$UC4?%U%D%U#$$#"$VV
8 LVMXWC W#"4<G
Y %C4?':$$?4C -$P 4% U)4%$UZ$%DM 4CU[\]4"^:
8 _;=%75-4
Y
gf
$)$P+`-%ZNba $$c d5eAL>Z$4P%? 4
e 4ihP9B $C%%7
-$ %PVBTj;klmn)$%/":%9NTnj;=#% 4C5-4C)M4C4C$#$%7 $T4C5% : ?P
4C )$U"O4CI 7 ^)
8 o Vp> [\%$G
q VM4C)4% #$%#$ B$rBs4#%4C$%44CHrOS#%)I?4)JsIPUD$UN
:64C4C#l $$G q % #$ C#$4C$#%$U%7 S%H$)U<;= 4C5%S$ N U $UN:
4C4C#l $$B 44+R-T%AC4%UT#$ 46>4R7!%ADL^ $#%s #%4Cutv54C7w GxGxyz
$ )%%7<;{%4C4C$D:?:Bs49$#% #$4$#%$'[\s46%'44C $AB#%$NX|
ZA d5$BPUZAj;k J%rY a $$c }5n4"VS
8 L> B?P 4)%Z:ZB Z_;=$<G~b4C
4- % HHQ$W )Z%N g d5%BP€VM 4CgZ[\V%75-4C $)$PI_G < !%4
HO) #%I?D %4PKR7$CR-$Z#%$PI 4%!Dc-A‚ -CH%€)A_;=
ƒ '„V?%7 %D"5-4$PD4C46IP$Q$W )l5%#9_;= 4C4X4n9:ƒ A„mtv54Cw"G=yG6l#l†_z"G
‡ K$sT#!$#$% 4n<;{% 4%9C^M 46S)[\[email protected] ˆB‰j;k4|
#$C ZBC$g4: 4CŠ%KU#%) % U^4)B#"%J%[\n#$$^Z% $#% $%G
< C %b"9VJ% )% 9)4%O]#% $ >j;=#"4C5-46% ?P 4%
s|‹n4%G
q % %O:#IN4C % 4C5 PΠ4C $PZL M4C)4$ #%$#%}K$)4%/-$$PH_;x #%465-4C
4R7:#%7^B%4C4C$Or 4Cr"4"$V%-#l ?$%JC$' $sSlPP3%
J$#"!%BA^#%M 4&)(+*-,/.+021B%A> ET9C4?`LŽ ŽjC4?$#"$l EG q #INB4C] 465 P-$$Prj;=B C- ]%^!%$)M 4C^][\% %?4s-%$^B^#%% 4C? G
q M4)4% #%$#%r% NZ$Q%8 "4"n 4V?/%Z$ %%7)C$%$)PnC4%
9%T4C%>)[ 4MCV [\$et ^drnz%9 -#IN$S%T-%?4>#-W 4j$8 $%G < ^C$Œ
CBs>#%$‰%$SP‰"^J$#"!%$:>%S-#$%G q ) 46^ $C$#$n&)(+*-,/.+021
$s€$n~Q$!~ %4C $ !%<S
8 o A[\$%# C$K4[\ 4C$#%$4C4C$ $%8 %A-#$C?%U $s%7^
8 %W 5K$ 46ˆZ$%AU#%>4C4%e 4C]4 D$$PlG
q @ %#% 4 ]G6-% $P b%V#$B4#$$) V]N!%Q$8 M4C4C$#$$#$G q %
4[\ 4C M $7%B'C$D$s %#%!$BAL)#$CLMX4u8j;=4S:C4?$AX|
)$%< 7S-$$P%$T>Le$#% 4 ]GxG q eC4?T $#"%$ŒLe)44/C4?T4s %7$ 4C 4R7DH $s'G6K]!%dK 4% €d5 P€L-$#$Z$ 4C^A4C?H$#% $%P
!%#$ 46 BD: %#%4C!]GxyG
<
' % 8 nyoml5G Y [email protected])4% #%$#%r%%P4!$rB^ƒA 4s G Y %4 |E#$4H54C)_;=$
M4C$> R7<;k4!?46)uM/ W uB:Lr%$G q nN!$Q%8 ]eM4C4C$#$%#$$T$%8 % $<UB]‰:M$$$+$8 #%$$ R7 #[email protected] Š$ U% l #$ $ )$$
8 m [ #%3 %#[email protected]$ [\$%G < n%n$O $%8 e[\%$!Œ 8 L‰)4j%8 „C$4C<<;=B }WCDB $I ] %'% <%8 #$$' $ 4%P'M4C4C$#$$P $$G q ;k4P%$%W A L^M4|
)4% #$%#$T? 4 4C#$4CB%%PSS
8 $HˆBH<;=C4#lX4K4C4C4$g#$ZC$! ?P 4%
#% 4CR-$]$)%$PDSL:C4j$8 $Q-$e)
8 r 4:U$#$4R7>"A d5-R7$P
4C?D)4%OeH%DM $O]" $U{|E 4C$#$R74+%H %]5-4 4CM%HQ$W )
BA $C4C G Y ;k$sBA#$T4CL?>R79T$ 4$A s|E4QC$ t |‹MJ-IzUTLr8$
?% S)4LCA[\D!"$#"S%D!" 4C $QFAd5$:MG
2,
"!#$%'&)(+* ,& -.! ./ 0 0 q ^M4C)4$ #%$#%[ 4C B 4CSLV)4$s|
#$%#$Q Q%W e 4C ]R7L21B $#$%#$Q 3NN$#$$#$G q #$rM4C)46|
% #$%#$$sT?/%!$ %%P9^-l #%4C‰#IN4)4R7V7SCV -#$% T$sT_;=lO--B 4 <;k
M t\#%4C[l$4lz V%‚%-)rt C#$46[d$ dz [email protected] <G q $' ?P 4%
lh7o
C 4C#$$C4$€#$P XW C$PD$DM4C4C$#$%#$B 54$5$G q %A ?P4 )$U4#%$6|
L4C $'t 4 1B?$C"%$744$IzgPU % 4CM%UO5 4 4C€$ 4]R74J!%[\ )$P
%U [ #%9#%$CL 4 7R-4j2]ˆBB j!%#$C$#IN9L:-l#"4r#IN4)4R7 [ lh7oK\_G
$. &)( * &)-.! %/ 0 0 Y N%‚!C$+?P4C )$+M4C)4$ #%$P%l$C%Š4C4C-$
#$)9)d%3:#%T4#$ 4C<A : 4%T!"[\$ J'u$C4$ LV5-44<G
CZ$P $ $VJ% )% U' % -#"4<4C 4R7 J[\ )$/)?-$?P gB
!"[\$<;=n% 464C G Z O$) C$ZM#%$ 4C$!4C5$P"W A$e#%#%$P 4C] ) P
e54 $)% [email protected] C4j$8 G Y $#%4 %:Mu"W 3 465-4"%?4"]#$%I 4eMsX
#$)^L]$4C?^n 4G q r 4#$V4C$^%5-4%PT%P4%C$)$PS #"465)J
%/?P4C )$ŒCŒ? ŠR747j;k4?$8 %PlGdƒ'4C 4PC$ŒMB#"% 4%/!% 5$PgC$+)4C4%
-$4C$#"4C`dK-sl$8 )H4C?$s46[{G < Š€#lŠ%4C 12?$"$%A8 _;x -#IN€<;=:-%B $%
j;E$)4 4C 4j$8 %5-4 4Cb 8 4C $V $#% -$ %^R-4H$;= R7$ 4C) ^
$)4$ [ lh7Co \jG
)&
(
) / $.( &)('* ,&)-! %/ 0 0
: ( /
C$€ PU-$$P% LS s[ #$)T
8 4% !4CC4$Q%8 $![\$%G "W ^5-$%/%C$465%7%W ) %:M"%$SBS%T$ $[l%#lC$$+ S$T ?PX|
4C )$U%r!$#$ 464C<G C$$)% $PDL:C)4j$8 '%Q#%P47< s4TL 4
O $G
&)( ‡ €$s:Bs4C#$C4j$8 $)$PS %-% $P]BTr#%L e$T4N7-#$$#;k$rb
8 4C )$946|
‡
12?%"%>t\ˆ? (
]G6}z G +$sD $%8 D#%$sI4C$)$P % M>r 4C?'C)4%Oe$
MBXl OJG
& ( < ]:M %O?$V O4C $P)R-4U $TM%7)4 D% %7 ^ ?P 4%$#%)]B O%K$Š?P4C )$+4C#$%L4C $ 4C464C[\gt 4L4C $%%ˆB? 7
]GxDz"d%/? %
$ $Tt\ˆ? (
]Gx:M2z"B$ #$#%:tvˆB?l
]-G V#dz'G6GCGk% #G
( ) . $5$P]$?P $)$P)$)% DSC)4j$8 4j%8 #$7 XW "$ G
q $S?$ ><;k%T)L)4j%8 %4C VBSL] 4CV$S ?P 4%
M4C)4$ #%$P>4C$PS$PnhPy] "ToQG q %9% <%8 #$$9#-W 4j%8 $S4 %P9$
N €P!L?%K<;=D$!#$%P-%'%7 Ah> %Ho>r7 R7'C$K$<$8 #%$
<;[email protected][\%>$' -4C $Pn]
8 V% 4C $C?%<;kg`+$PVh7oe %h0
Y
t C$ N ma $$c }5b PA!% $#"$'$PVy^ %
^nz"G q 9J%#%T<;E$)4 4C
%A4C 12 ?$C"$!$;{%>$P Sh7o:p"'ooVrBl5$#Srn}O4C: )
8 h ] V [ lh7Ko \_G
q $eM#%$ 4C$ %" $P]QL C4j$8 r% #$P 47<GU~Q4LmB $]?P4C )$) X|
4C %7HL9C)4j$8 AZ[\ )' 12 N$'-%%H<;=4CP$ 4CA5 4LMC$€ %]C$Z% <%8 #$%$G
Y 12 NueC)4j$8 #%) %uy3NB $ `gLrNBee %#$ tv%9e-l#"42z"Š 465-4
<;kA#$ 4 #%' 4D%!<;kAZ$#% 4C #$ OJ$P4C$CG q DMClm
]GCD-$ %PJ
%]R7$CR-$b% <%8 #$%b#$46%$4#%4jZC$]#$#"% 4s4CR-$ #$% %4C 4C‰t\"O- 4C [ lh7Co \vz G
Y $>#$#"% 4s4CR-$ $#" %S"% %C$'$" 4C$PV4C #% 4)4$'C$4 D% %7 ?$ <;k ?P 4%$G
$ R7V %%b% $s$P%4C4%O 4C': [\%V!%BP
B9R7$CR-$:#%$PI4C$9nr%8 %$Š)S 5%7:B:C$S#lT%9#IN%:%:#-W $%G
lh
@]G62 * #
$6 $- / ! ) !
#]Gx2 !#"$%!%$6!&#"-/('1)+* #$,
.%! !-/. ! " 01. 2 !!-/ 03 4-657/8'"9);:<- = 1!$ 4->. ! "5 0?. 4
2 !!-/ 03 ;@A/B'CD)FE $$G'C H01;$ H 1$" D)&-=. ! "5JI $K-ML9N3 &5 ).)# /O ! 5P /0 ) !
Q ,/R M]GC XS0 T.,!3U , 6K-"!3/L! !%!O+,$6! $VW ! /
X&YZ\[&]=^`_a#b
c df]=ahg
e
i=jYlb!k b
^`]4mDbn]=_9^mb k
o [&pqmb!k Y9^bn_
r$s t#uwvxt&t
bnk ay^z__^zX\]1pqX\]4m^`]jb
{!t|6}n~ €p!a f, pqbn‚`‚ f |
ƒ ^z]X&„,[xZ&bn‚`‚Cbnk _ ay$[ ‡†[#r4ˆxt
‚z[xmDbn]=pqbŠ‰=t#uS‹xtyay_
{xŒz{!t&uŽŒz{!t&,=X&mDX\]=_‘^z]=i f |
pqYX\^z__9[&]=pqb’‰W{!t“uS‹xtNay_
ibnk pqYX\^z__9[&]=pqbŠ‰x”j=_•j –—[#† ‹&vxtNay_
˜ [&i,^X\‚z[&^Yb
{u‹#_
tl™›šŒz{!t f  uSv™›œŒz{!t f  a f,
ž X&w!kb ŸXlib
r4œxt#ur4Žxt
‚z[xmDbn]=pqbŠ‰ {nv#uœxtNay_
tl™¡t\‹#uS‹l{x™¢rŒz{!t f  a f,
dfpqYb!£&b!mDmDbn_Cg
pqYX\^z__9[&]=pqb’‰%œxt“u({!t&tNay_
ibnk pqYX\^z__9[&]=pqb&‰Ovxt“uœxt&thay_
ž ]=^`i=[&^Ybn_
Xlp,bnk [&]¤‰=r4šxt“ur4ˆxt ‹xt&t#u¥{nvxt&thay_
{!t f,¦ u({!t f q~ §p!a f,
dfaebnk i=j=_bn_Cg
p4X&¨ mDb/‰Ovxt\vTuSvl{!t ”Dj,_•j –—[y† š“_
q ;x 4C#l 4 !r
8 $T$OmC9 [\$%/%T-$ CIXSM%7$/$9MBMC$)$PT $‚
4#$ $#" B$U ?P4 )$U"D)44C$$P5-4 BPr%I 7D#%$4$)$PU$$8 D4—©D$$P%G
4ª6« $ ª ª­¬ ® %+5 4LX4J!$ 4C4R7$+j;=#% 4C5-4CM4C)4$ #%$PP%M %5K$%$G
Y %>5 4 4C]J>A%P54C 3 h)N$$%Jl5$#TC>nXO4C: 9_;{%4C 4C]S74CD%DC
)44C: %G q ;k"O4C#l 4S$T$gJ%|I%W ZCZ7 N!#$4C #l 4%T$?%8 | Z#%$sI4C
?P4C )$H#%)'C$U4C 12 ?$C"$% R7$<%;x:N |E4CN4CM4C 4)BHT4j$8 A
%G 3© "4j$8 > A4)T^[ #%CT%#$%C%V 8 $)% 9T4j$8 [email protected]$be
8 @ 4:C'u$#$4CR-G Y " T5 4 4C BC4j%8 9 %TM %5$^'
% 4C $D<;{%$%J4UC> 5%P$Q s[ #$ 2ŒQ
8 _;x)C4C'S#$" 9!% 4C4C#$46$s
XO4 G @ƒH LP 4R7:TM R7$S?%7 4C'@#$#IN$‰„-%4Œ 465-4$'V46|
¯±°³²µ9´ ¶·¹¸&º&µ»\¶¸»\¶µMº&µ¥¼!½¿¾\µ9À4¶ µ³Á9Â&»\¶ µ³´ Á6µ ±Ã µSÁÄ ÁÆÅ—Ç · \È À\µ É ‘µ º&ÀyÊx¸±Å¹µC·¹Å °
lh=Ë
)474C Sj;=#% 4C5-4Cn
8 _;xMJSPr"9 $R-!$$%G D9T#$ 9S#$%9Z$4-4#%4C
4CH%W H4C? 4>5% 4#l Z$K ?4%#"4CR7$gZ#l+:
8 '#$#$%|
4Cb%@4 12?%"$D$[ 4MCG Y $% 4C$4C? %P'$<J%C$P%%P)tsV N2z J R7TC>‚$-L #% J%'T!%L #$$ CD#$4!%M$)$P$G ‡ +%))
8 $DR7S$D$<$8 #%$
M4C)4$ #%$P%U>-% %7 $PU $D>!% 4-4C#$4C'B AC$n%4C 4]>C4j$8 G
« & (
¬\ª­«
q #$-$ 4C $P M4C)4$ #%$#% %r$)!% m [email protected]
j;kl <;k$^V 4C?4Cˆ#l 4C5 $h7o_G q ;=#% 4C5-4CnM4C)4$ #%$P$s^#$ 4 P]%7 e[l"54%
% 4C"lPl5$#n}O4C: % 4CB Z_;=N!%4C N<$8 <G Y %A5 4L 4V46A%W 4"$ Q!"5%$)$PD%A4C 12 ?$C"$%R74Œ^4C$ $?%%7:V
8 #%% 9!$ 4CG
Y % 4%e%]4[\nX4^-% $P$$r4#%4jK$5$Pm%W 3 "5K$%]BeC$e!%$
4 %C ŠZ $ -lC4-%-$#$%)$P"g!%4"%gO "%gH4C $$G q A$#% 4T 465 7 -$ %PTC$ C- % %D%U-$C M$7D U>#$%D $s$G
"! $# q M4C)4$ #%$#%U$s!4P#% 464R7UCUMJ^[\#% 4$)$PK)Z% $#% $!&)(&%
*-,/.+021G q :#%MJ 4V#-lC4- 4% U-$4$U$s%2 ˆB]<;{% 4%U#$M4CH
[\ G q $ $ -$4C-$' P3$7u$-$B TMCl Ë-G G ‡ 7$ 4C$ e
8 4$ %|
4C $7€CU 4C D&(+*-,Š.+01€4% !% 4C%K j;=!%7l5%#A`4 ©D% %7 KB Q"8 %
4 %^]!$$%K#$R74UJ% )%^<;=l54C^]5-<;=% %:MCrr3M4)4% #%$#%
dyPo _' dy (_' dyË_*G )3$!%C$)$P>#$%> $sS PS$>C4?% )$%<#$PSy] |
C$g4CR-$$G q $g!$% P% %?4s-$$"gs-#Ic%$%P%Z P-$#$Z$-$$KR7HC R7
L:C4?$s' %!$DL:#- W G
Q ,/R,+‘ËGx - S/.10 230 .40!/. 230#. 50!230236(787U05 0! 230 " /9 :.2302$6(726!..66K 9 0!- 0< ;>=M0!¤.?; [email protected];
A 6(=:[email protected];/" 6 ;>. B6(7 &(+*-,Š.+01DC
E %GF
R7
® -$ IC
„46
G &(+*-,Š.+01
H#%M ^0lË
I y^N
G Ë
&(+*-,Š.+01 H#"M^0Q
Ë K
8 JS%5-4$> 0
I VN
G GCd
GC}
Y &(+*-,Š.+01
&(+*-,Š.+01
~Q H|€ƒA5-4g 0
~Q H|€ƒA5-4g 0
„%%:MT Iio VN
I
}o:N
I :N
i
q $ H!%$U$ $?4 -%$HPU$!IOn#%)I?:t:LNM$z #;k$sTT
8 4C A]:M '#$
3 #$O '$#$<|E$ <;[email protected] %4/R74/5 4S$P^xy%:d t :7 =P0.8Q86(.16(7
0/=P0!/. 6(7 z"G q D5 C$Š)4DCŠ#$ )%7/ 44C-%€%gxyD G q !I OSZ#%)I?
$sDM%7b>L:4j$8 465 7 g`
- >5 C$US-"|‹#$) nSt RTM%zZ$D!"ˆB4C
- C$)9Vt UWLzH $4C#$>:M >>#$A%D$ $?4 -
- CIO]>#$)I ?$s' <?` LNMYXZR8M<[>UWL G
q TI O3:#$)?T#%P4C$P%[email protected]#% P$& \<:#%)J P:#%P4C-: 'LR7%
>J% %P%DMO © $%A4C4$C$<`-% " 9% /.  G
¼ °^] À É ¾4Än»4· à ¶ µ¥Á À\·`_!Ä $à ÂÅ Äba(cÀ\¶µ'd °¹¯ »4¶ µ³´ Á6µ $à µMÀ Nµ e&µNf»\Å µ(º&À à ÄnÀ5eyº&µ É ¸f¿» Ã Ä c±µ‘µ hg ¸ 4ÉDà ¹· ¸ º&À à µNf»4Á
Á À\¶’Źµ^i$À\µ9Å É µCÁ É ¸/f»¸$Á Ä $à µCÁÆÁ ¸ $à _x· Á ·kj4Źµ³Á °
lh
( « ! « "( W¬ « W¬\ªV -.
q S#$)P '#$7 474C$-#%)D n j;k44CR7
%W 3#%P4C-3%]bB3%W 3)46ˆZ$rBn$n[ #%% n#$)QB"O$)QQ#$ P
t 4C!%J%B#%]B9sV #% PVn 4Bz"G )$sVLr5 $T)44CnC:e_;x #%465-4C
M4C)4$ #%$PR7%C$UR7S 4C$PD$U#%464C$G
q )#%)J P>#$7 47S$s'%4C%e)
8 B 4CUSL:5 %USLV4C?>MBG q )C4?
MBn%9L4)4C :4[d$ 4C$^d%$SIO‰n#$?^ 9 4P%5 CV^$)%G
q ;=4CP$s5 CSS $)'%#IN44ŠT 9R7T)C4?>9MBT#l #$"$S 4C59%D5 4L 4
DL>MBA%!O)D#$)?G ‡ 2$sZ%n?/%!$ 2'_;= D ;='4C‚l4CU')47 $%G A
"O%C>>#lC#$<%D-$ %P: r#IN4C > 4C5 PlG
AB 4L:#% P#%P47 d5-4$P T!%#$ 4 #%S]J 4 hPR-4+
%e%5 CZ$9 8 I yc-A‚ } dy0( _G ® P%% $'4C?€UMB '5 4"!$PD '"(
Ëy'c-A‚ 4Z$$)$P€)#$P!n4< R7DLC446HA_;=$^$! %$'#%sIP G Y $
5 4 4C4CC4R7%7€R7<;k42"O4CAA#$)JPDM4C)4$ #%$P 5 4MCR74#$P 4M
T
8 S#% P'#%P4C-G Y " '#$ 7 '% 4M!%^9
8 L9-$$#%'M#%$ 4C$!P
L:#%#%$P 4CQ$D5 4%$G
q $^I-O#$)?]M $7BV%O N :64C4C#l $T-%B-$nQG oo 8 [email protected]
5 4C$PDSL^Q%W 4j$8 G ‡ +r)#% -$LX4r9)#% P>#$P 47S$Q[\#% 4r
%$ R- ;\^
8 S4sI#$>>hPV t_ r)4CIz G
( « ! « ( ¬ Š«
« - (
¬
« \¬ ª .- q :[email protected] " 9% /. $>!%ˆB4#%):n[\#"[email protected]
%Œb
8 CTI-O3T#$)I ?T%!$4%n]
8 cD‚rt #%% :!"ˆB4C 4b d5-4%73[ 4C
R7<;k‰ $))' 4?4CˆB#$ 46[K$sS $‰-|E%se
8 V#%% V5 $Iz"GJƒA5$#^#$" V!%ˆB464C
I o0 Q!% $#"$' %46D©J$#%9 Q[\sUI-Or9#%)I?/V8 A))$PlG DQ© "
4 4%U %:M> B }WC G
q 3#$-%L 4muIO ]M :$Pr$O N :644#$ % >$:MCe4C4C-$:l5$#
L]4C#$)%>-$P$/"9r4 %#% 4 mN :644#$ %'$:M %S XW Qt #$ -%L 4S$sCS%%5%Z 4-%NTC 4C4#lX$+ ![\7/[ #$!R7H$;k4C/$?P %7/g%
%OrB :Q%W 4C %#%4C2z G2~b4CUL: 4C 4R7>>#$%D)$ %A%D$#$94C ) PG
„[BA>#l 'b $sTG6d24C+<;kQ)B'9#% -$LX4Q%7 9L^4?>9M 9%CIO
VM $G q ;k4P% -% 4C3R74g%‰%>!$V%>R7V#%$%O #$ 7 $ d5-4$$P
:$ObJLX4 —4 ©D$$P%$G+„-4/_;x#"46546S$s'$$8 Q%"5K% d5$#VQ[\DI-O39M%
C U^C4?SMB 5 4>l5%#TO9M Tt\n4CU4<S%;x ?4C C SL:#$ 7 #$7 47Q4R7%%P z)"e3#$-%L 4 B }W6%P bL 4?3MBb"eI O M $G Y ;=%A#$ r $s9GCdG
q 46e&)(+*-,/.+021e$sVB:B ?eu#$ P q 4? G q $T% $
)P %PR- ;=4CA5 4C3$P ‰ %@ #$ f | Ul5%#‰@d$ 8Ë #% f | HB]
4C $#"4C] 465-4"%?4"%<; D$ H$sVtEw"G=yGxy^†_z"G
A>[\#% -$ 4C]IO]>M sAd5$#S#% 7D %>M %5$SB %H%%
%T#$" #$-%L 4 %:MC $?%%79!%J% 4C)%Tn_;{%J-R7)n_;xZ$ G ® >#$Ar $9G6dB9#% -$LX4]b#% 7'l5%#TLVC4?'9M 9 4>">M$5%G
® U#%>#l%BLV4C?'SM ><;k$s'CUrMJr% 4 %U>L:#% P#$7 47 \2
4C?€HMB H%K?%P$Z MM%%PgB/LA[\Z#% 4C5-4C!M4C4C$#$%7 Z% %?4s-%
PD#$%lG
Ä _!ÄnÅ µ9À4¶T¸j
ºÇ Ä Ã Ã\µ ´ ÀÄ Ã · ¸ º&µM½
½ °³² ¸±À\¶’º&µCÁ ²!
4°
à µ À\µhµ³Á à µ g Än· à º&µ¼ »¸±À\¶“À ² º\µ ¯ Â&f nÄ · Á É µ É ·MÄ _µ É À µ Å ¸ c±À\µ9À4¶
¯ f ¯ ¼4° ° ¿Ä Ź¸ cÀ\µCÀ\¶ŠºÇ Ä Ã Ã\µ ´ ÀÄ Ã · ¸ À à · Å · Á µ9´ µÄ¿ »\¶ µC´ Á µ $à µCÁ à º&µ 'f °
º\µ
lh
"-! q $'#%#%4Dl5 #$$A DL^MB99#%$'—4 ©D$ %P $s%J$ $P'5 ?$%G
q $SIOm#$)?) $TM%7]%W n$4MC$rr
8 4% S[ #% $TR74€nPVB9M4%
!"$4C!$%G q :#$-%L 4]IOeMDl5%#>'#% P $ $ %U#$#%4
R74$;k4)J:9
8 j;k4 DA#INBR7A $slG q S4C? DMB A %:MT%W DL>#$:M4B4C )D$-O
#$ 7 $D4s4C#% $Tt "C$ MB#"$4%Iz"G q )!%ˆB464CQQI OQ9M s))
8 Bs4
AL[\#"4$)€J%BPZ$R7%JCDOD#$)?D$Z !$ 4C$>9
8 n $4jP ;=%
BU ;=S?4C4CAR7B QT4C?A>MB % $$8 n%%5%G ˆB<B %b">
LZ$4-4#%4C9 %:)$!%V CT%VGC} lhPjG q e#$#%4b$>R7V4gTZ$4-4#%4C
"O4C B$C46S%W >C ^dVN$$%G
¬ ¬ (
¬\ª6« $./ ªV « !#( ¬\ª­« - & ( * ª­« & -.! ª / 0 0 q #$-%L 4>SIO
)MTl5$#L]5-4C% nm#$ PT$n"W )L#$-%R-$#%]m[ 46>R-n%> ?P 4%
M4C)4$ #%$P9-$?4 %7rb
8 n4C: 4Cmu$#$4CR-G Y % e 4:L 4<+TCn#$
% $s -$4C-$ZBH:#$CLMX4n&)(+*,Š.+021J%9%W 4CHj;=?4C 4C)4$#% #$-|
7$B 46 LT M$#$> d5R7!%TBUC!% $#"$ADj;=#% 4e9#%S#% PlG
q mMr#$ 7 r 5K%bB n‰C4?QMBb r546)#$ˆ $bCr[ 4C^R7
%MB#"% 4%3$)%$PVLnC4j$8 9%‰#%P4C- 4:C O$4$$G q n5 4L 4Q
[email protected] @ 4C3%W @"OC4R7!%@B]@)-4CˆB#$ 4C @L #$#$%7 4 $
MB#"% 4%$G q :]#$-%L 4L94?AMB>d5$#C'#$P $U 4g%W #%) 4C G
ƒA>4C$OJ$C$< $Œ-$#$%P7ŒM!$!"ˆB#$4"K!%$Œ PŒR7$CR-$Œ4‚$4$<<;kN% %$
4 -|E#$-%#$ 4C5%$G ® PA%'hn)4CDT b4))$ 4)C4?>$#% $%<)$$?4C-
%9!$%et\X4R7%%P z$‰#$P 47<G%A? ^R7BP 4C^^!$%T#"^ |
#$$4C4CG Y ;k$L^ %4j$8 9 4C S:!$%-$4C-%S5-4L$D#- W M%'%'L)MJ}W6S #% 4<G
q 9$#% 4n 465 7 '!%#$4CH#%%C4? "HL> #"$U%HZ$%$ 44R7'$! Mj%8 %
%#$7 -%$G,A> 4?LT)44 |EC4? 4C )$P%B 44<R7>' $>GC\Ë:P Z$#% 4C M4j%8 5$)$PlG
$ , q U#$ #"4<;=9$#% $ŒC4?$sŠ4#$ 46g+L€#%#%$ 4>>!"$#"%
&)(+*,Š.+021Glƒ'$$8 Œl54<5 4C!C$+4`©D% %7 $< $#IN4CR7$Š$P5-4 ?/$%Œ 7ŒC$< $ Œ-%#$$P%
Le$ 4j$8 u%I J^l5 P>Le)4Q]
8 j;kl !"$#"%SˆBg#% 4C @n
8 $s$S E-
<;k3$#% $'TC4?S#$ 46' O #%%%P#$))SC9$P%AC4?%A#%)j"8 $%G q %{|
$#% QQ
8 5 C4%9 $PV 4ZM4C$ :%9 $#IN4CR7$VnZ$C4%%PT"Vn-$#%!$ 4C
%4?$%R7U H 464C%%7g#$ 4R7L'#$4CM 4S$-|E4C? _;xC4)$PIX4S$
`4 ©D% $P A B$4CU>% 2 AC$U± ©J% ASV#$ 4 V
8 d$$ G q SMD
#$S%%b%?PC$)$PDT$ :%Z$%$P5-4%%7%''T?S!$4-
%D%Q#%P47<G
!#"%$&#')(+*-,."/'0$'1$32%"4
q ]$#% $)][email protected] $s5-4U] E-$s)"O#% $)$P)#$]R7 %  %#%%
:C4?9C AVL)#$s#% [email protected]@!%%#% $#%%$G q e$C:4—© $$#%:$s>L)4sI#%
-%B P'C$%I ?$DR74Œ $ ^lh oV D% 4?$UQ!% $#"$AˆBB Š"%I 4CD^}xo^
DC E-G q ^ˆ? h
ËG=yV-% %7 9Q#INZ$)9#%S E-J G
}o
+ÆËG=y - AQ#0 ;"2 9 . 6(.46(.n.80W2/L 9 7‡50!/.10 9% 230 = 7&0 C
!
*
*
')(
(
q ]4C?:$#"$T %)4C)$?/$T^)!%#$$TM <%Se4C46|‹4?>4P%P$^C
}:[d%5- 4C$AyG q SF' 4C 4C4-'JD)%S%QL#%SC$ #- W M>>#$$#"4Cb%7 S%
4C?D%ZL9MXW6D #"4C<7<;= %A4J4MCA€LS#$CLM 4C)&(+*-,Š.+01R7C$A\Ë
%9)n yG q C4?S$#"$4D$A!$$))
8 B 4CA9#%% TBXT" R7<;='
q
4C" yG VR7BP46>!$%A © %#% 4C5%%PA% %?4s-$>$sAS$$8 ^}o :N$ $%G
$&!, $&,/
*
*
')(
(
q Ussl%8 <;=#$R74C 464: [\Zj;k4[\nX4T?4R7![\ 4CHBC$gN:6|
4C4C#l $$-$e[\nXH4C 4CM G q :#%MJ 4)&)(+*,Š.+021S:#IN44<<;{$#$4 %D!%$
TC^[\ > C?4C#$4% bH H E lh/jŒ?/%Z$ %%79 44C-V% NP- 4CR-n%TBs4C#$C$$G
bH H E %D $R74C5 C$PD$C4- ?)) Jƒ lh7_B$rL ?P? Y G
q $A!%$%3 4C9$
ƒ '„J 7' ?4-$%'[email protected]Ž Ž #IN$l I dy) J%"%$ .60
0 =A0 T9 ; #%P4C$P'C$ Z$%>IOr9#%-|
/=A0! G A9#%L ¦ $"$
I ?GPƒ #INBR7D4CH4C#$P%Z #%4" H $)^$#$"U%4C!CUZ$MZ )%€)5%#%%
#$7 $B 7:t %P S %IzH% 4[\nX4Z4C5 P%<`
- q Y ~ 4`7$<;k4$P46ˆB#l 4] q Y ~ t #;k$s)V8 4C Sj;E%?lz
° µ9¶BfµS¶µ9»4¶ µ³´ Á6µ $Ã Ä $à À #É ¸ $à µ µCÀ\¶CÂ É Ç µ³Á Ã Ä º&· ¶µSÀ
µ Å Ä c±À4Ä c±µ· 5g ¸¶Bf Ä Ã `· i$À\µ °
}o
- ƒ '„4`d7$A<;k4$P46ˆB#l 4!_;=ƒ'„^t # ;=%
D8 4 lB/C#lŠ€LH4C?$#% $%
L LNMYX TR M L BM
t ËGCdz
r)4R7lz
- L `:M A'[\4C!R7_;=ƒ'„)T#$']:M'#%%PZj;=4C %D !$ 4C$T r$4Cj!%?PŒ-"|‹#$)
q $H5 C$U %4K:t L 2zZ% -"|‹#$))St RTM%z"PD$$?4C-$%UB L9MB >!%$
<;=&)(Œ*-,Š.+021 lh(h jJR-4g#$P 4$Pb%?PC$)$PC$BX$:!$M>%Tˆ[email protected]% %<L)-$
4C4C#$%D<;= %Dr%8 %D ;=4C4C 4LC4X4<G
® ;=$9#$L %:!"5$C!%$:9%T4 %T!$$T !"$#"%^&)(Œ*-,Š.+021nPm%
$#% 46$%G %U PD!%#$ 46%D% lhPy jG
q IO]>#$)I ?!%ˆ4Z)
8 4H>#%$D!%$D$sA4)%%P+`
+*
(
- ¬- "!
$.& (-, * "/'
$#&% '#( )
/ (')( $& )
« &¬ ª %- $.&. /« & « )(
$ ,
( &)
q ?P4CV#$P $BP9LeˆBM^4CR7^^j;kN C?: 4#$4: !"$#"%$Œ %5 Pr
8 Y
q
q
-#IN 4C 4S%
~m}$;k$s!%[\%€ŠLU$ 4S s|‹n4 G [ M 4C#lPŒ<;=D
% $#"TC$ !$#$46ˆB#lX4Q4C-%$ B )#%MJ 4n&(+*-,Š.+01G q )#%-$R7$#$:%b$s
R7<;k4+<;=)]%> 4MCS % S%D!%$l5$#SLV-% C4Ce% %C!$#%$4C tsZIzŒJL %#$#% 4T$ #%$gZ:$G ® ZC$X%ssl%8 %gH 464C%%7
#% 4R7e"V#lC4M 4C‰ $)J $C^<;kPVBT %W e 4C4-%$G/~b4CT%:Z$%V
I O]#%I?]V_;{"]L3M4C)4$ #%$#%]P%]% %?4s-$$%G q @4]
Z$%! #%PXW s#IN 7j;k44644C 4%K#ls$€%K$KNB $K% 4C$7 44R7
LeC$#"V$S!$$><;k4#$4CB4C 3"SV4$#"4‰$ q Y ~ <;kP>B3") ©J$#%$%9B #$A Mj%8 G q %! $ Z-lC4-%K ! % 43t Z$4$ )S
8 L> % 4"O4sIPA €D 46lz
<;kP B -"5K$"#%> Mj$8 )G ‡ <$s J 4CMR7:-$><;k4)% 4Ce4CU%#l \2$%8 SyV4U >P%#$"$ %7 SL:)4n^
8 _;=$%DL:#%%#% 4<G
/3%5-4C $ Mj$8 ) n#$L MJ 4CQ&(+*-,Š.+01)e!$#%4!VR7^!% n 4'C$?P 4%
%DˆBM $ 4R7% $P'%b #$4%$G
Y Mj%8 ':$]© "U UC$H!%$U$ $?4 -%$$G ‡ <$sU"OC4R7!BH?N
4C5 PlG
/
ª
¬\ª "( ¬&ª6« $./ ¬ ( -&0 $% « !
¬ (
q 9
#%-%R7$#%D#$D Mj$8 ) !%!!$%ZDM4C)4$ #%$#%A%!%!4 #%-"4 4C<G
q eTM 12DL $sVM $7 3
8 B 49u:M e<;E%5%$)$P Y A~ t3 6 9 78. :7 4 ;>.40
:6(7 :.46 :7 z GŠƒ #l Mj%8 ^j;kN? +#$%‰%5%$)$P Y '~ 7T 4C9rL#%
%@"5K$%%7 9„ t :7 =P065 Q86(.46(787 =P0!/. 6(7 zAP>T[\nXlB>L%4C SI)J
% q Y ~m%U
TMP- $%G q R-LS%4C $sUC$4Vts 9MP7$z"%CA%H s[d$-$nT
8 #- W B" 54C!$ G
„4_B "O%CBCIO]>#$)I ?-%$Œ$sAU
Ë )c-A‚ B P'C4)4#%)dy6S)$
f
':M#$U$ $?4 -%D% Vly:9C;md } eË X &ËGƒD5$#>-"|‹#$)'
dU:M U Y A~ $€ #$DR-4B $-$$P <
MP- $ X o h>MP7$€B€%4 Y
q
~mGJ~b4 $C9^ 4$P 4j$8 9ToXDh X yQt ^M77 $Iz % PD [l%-$%2#;k$) 8
4C ^h]MP- $%G q ^:M =
>2 L M $7 $ G q VIO‰)#%)I?)M%- Š$C
j;E$R7BX4 ËG6D$ZC K 6'c-[email protected]‚ ?dG &q A<B2CED G
O F AIHJLKNMOB2CEPLA<J M BQASRTDGUWVXC6YZAS[ Y '~ CED]\^CEVZBA_ BOA _
° ` ¸±·¹¶’µ h]C Nµ exµba(Â\Å Ä ¸ à µSµ _¸2c µ9´ µ Ä¿ Å Ä É ¸Å Å Ä/j¸±¶Ä à · ¸ IdegfShWigjlk »4Ķnm ° ²Ÿ° Ê É ¾xÀ\ŠŹµC¶ °
}oLo
YXA6KASK A t -A‚lz [^V"YXA B2C D F A HJLKNMOB2CEPLA6\WA_ ASY C UEC VZBA_ BOA _ HSJLK M]\ VX[<ASRgBQ\ A -D‚ AB Ë o
-A‚
‡ Y>A[ B C R]JEB^AS\TD]A YZA;B2CED F A HJLKNMOB2CEPLAIJ:B^ASRTDC M]CE\ B^VX\ F AS[ A_ U AS_ R:ASK ASRgBQ[ A~ A[ B B^JLD JLD]\ [
VXR AS_ \^VZASD]\ CEDBQCED F A6HJLK M:B2CEPEA \WAS_ AY
* * R]A B^\ A[ CEV ]YXA ARTB^\WA_ A A CED !;HK CIY VZRgBOAS_ \ VXAD]\ AHA#"$ C M]\^JULJTD A _ D]R HSJLD]\B HSVX\ HSD]V B
AB CE D]HSD:R]A F JLR]R AS_ A R CA_ BOA _ F AS R]\ ASPLVZ[ B^\WAS_ A } M]z CE\ HS A BA_ BQCEPLA F"&AS[bCEDOBQ\^A~ [ A_ BQCEPLAS[ R JERTB [email protected][ A_ BOA _ C | © ASH BOAS_ [ " JE\^VXPEVXR]A F A1HAB^B^A1ASRgB^\WAS_ A %F ASCED R C [email protected][8A _ BOA1_ V F ASRgBQV ˆ AS_ ANKGC VX[6VXY C A_ BOA1_ R]JEBOA&_ TD]A Y A CED F D]R]A
D]V BQA F CER][ D:R1HSJLRgB^ASR]AD]\ M AD:B [ A M]\ [email protected]\ F C R][YZAS[H'C(]YZAS[ ® AS[[  [ B ASK AS[ F A_ BQCER]H*) A_ V ˆ HSC BQVZJLR
Ž ClBQAS\ :YXJWH J \z [^AS\ JLRgBIC JLD:BOAS_ [<ASRgBQ\ A YZAS[ [ ASHB^ASD]\ [
,+ =# ! .-E )
!
R [email protected]\QC YX/Y AYXA C UEASH YXCYXVXPER]A [^AHBQAD]\ D]R:A YZVXPLR]A VZR][ B^\^D]K ASRgBOAS_ 0
A ~ ‡1" M JLD]\ :e:7 $2/7O/. /9 0/7 A C Y A CED AB BQA YXVXPER]A AS[BM:\WAS_ [ ASRgBOA_ A ˆ PED]\^A Ë JLK KNA-M JLD]\YXC
.B;>. B6(7;:7&0 z C A _ BOA _ KNVZ[^3
YXVZPLR]A [^AHB^ASD]\ ASYZYXA6AS[B KNCEVXRgBQARTD]A UEAS\ B^[email protected]\ D]R]A JLD A_ A A B AS[B C B B2CE*H ) AS_ 4A CND]R]A C R]HS\ A R
H 5C ]YXA A_ YXAHBQ\ J | K AS_ HSCER]V WD:A F A (o 6(6 K [ D]M]M JL\ B^A YXAS[ F VZULA\^[ VZR][ B^\^D]K ASRgBQ[ F A KNA[^D]\ AS[ [email protected]:R]8A @CEYZVX[^A
JLM:B^9V TD]A<CEVZR][^:V WD D]R [  [B ASK A F A<M JE[^VZB^VXJLR:R]ASK ASRgBbCEHJLD][BQ9V TD]A [ D]\bYXA M:\^ASK VXA\ A_ BQCEPLA ABbD]R HSJLD |
\QC RTB^JLK ABQ\ A [^D:\ YZA F AD O/V ASK A B„ D]\ Y CER]H\^A A[ B<M]YXCEH A _ YXC @CEYZVX[^A;Y CE[ AS;\ ULJLVZ\ [email protected]\^CEPL\QC <M )]A o >=: o C †@?
CEVZR][^V TD D]R H CEM:B^ASD]\ F A M]\ AS[ [^VXJER
#(
#
(
( $&!,
( $ +JË --4 0D. 0! 50/78. ;>.6B6(7 &AQ“0 ;>.66K 9 0 230 [email protected];1:e:7 SS 7&0A2/7O/. /9 0/78. 05 0 C
CB
&" A M]\ J]Y/ASK A F A YXC ˆ ]\^A JEM:BQVWD:A C AS_ PgCEYZASK ASRgB C © AHBOA<_ YXC;KNVZR]VED YXVZPLR]A VXR:[ BQ\ D]K ASRgBOA_ A ® A M:YXD][ D]R]AF D:VZBQA;C F A _ BOAS_ \ VXJL\WA _ YXA F ASD:V/ASK A A_ BQCEPLA R:A [^M A_ HSV ˆ H C B^VXJLR C D R]VZUEA CED F D HJLR]R]AHB^ASD]\GH'C(]YZA
H °JIC É ÉÃ Ã Ã
Ã\´
É Ã
à “Ã
É Ã
M ¯ON ¯QP H µ N ¼ ¸±†@¶ R ¶¼Tµ S · ¸ /d N ÄnH À4¶Ä· ‘»\Ä _±ÀLµ ɵK À ¶µ‘ µMÄn»4· 4»É ¸±µC¶ ¶ à µ9· õ À4i$º&À\µ‘·Âº&º\µ Ä M H Á N ¼µ U µN e&¯OµNN f¯ †/»\ROÅ V µÂ(¯ f ¼WµS µ9½ ¶ N Än½· Ä °À ÄnÀ5e#º&µ ¸/f» Ä/cµ¥º\µ
YX(=
4 « * & /!#/
D<HJLRgBQASR:ASD]\ ? R C [email protected][ A_ BOA_ \^A[^M ASHBOAS_ A [email protected]\ YZAC(]\ VXH C RTB R]A F V © AS_ \ ASR]HA F A 6 o K K CU CEV BA_ BOA _
R]JEBOAS_ A KGC VX[ YZAS[ B^AS[ B^[b[^JLD][bM]\ AS[ [^VXJER [email protected]\BQVZHSD]YZV/AS\ ASK ASRgB M JLD][ [WAS_ [ JLRgB U CEYXV F A_ YZA"$ TD]V+C F JER]H
A_ BOA _ D:BQVZYXVX[WA _
&" A<HSJLD]\^CERgBQJLK4AB^\^AA_ BQCEVZBbM]YXCEH A _ [ D]\ HSAB=A_ BQCEPLA F JLR]H<Y C1" R C M]\^VZ[ CED]HSD:R]A F JLR]R A_ A F A UWVZB^AS[ [^A
F A HSJED]\QCERgB
JLD]\ HSJL\ \^J JL\^A\ YZAS[ F JLR]R AS_ AS[ F AIBQCED F A HSJLK M:BQCEPLAICEHTD]VZ[^AS[C ULASH;Y C YXVXPER]A<[^ASH BQAD]\D]RNBQAS[B
Ë C A _ BOA _ M:Y CEH A _ C ARTUWVZ\^JLR K F A HSA B^B^A YXVZPLR]A F D]\QC RTB YXAS[ F ASD F A\^R]V/AS\^A[ [^AKGC VXR]A[ F A;M:\^VX[ A
FA ANF B^ASJL[R]B R AS _ AS [ "&HSJLA K BQAM [ JLB \ B^ A A_ Ë PgCEAYZ[ ASBNK D]ASR]RgAB6D]YXVZR PLR]HSACEM:CEBQD:AB^D]JL\ R]JLM K JLD]A \ F K AASKN[ D]A\^[^AD]\ \ A Y C1F UWD3VZB^]AS[ \ [^D]A VZB FD AHSJEJLD]R \QF CERgJLB M:B^ V9YbTDR]A C
KNCE9Y )]AD]\^AD][^Ë AKNARgB M]CE[ ASR]\ ASPLVZ[ BQ\WAN_ YZAS[ BQCED F A HSJEKNM:BQCEPLAKNCEVX[ F AS[ F JLR]R AS_ F AS[ F A=HSJLD:\QCERgB6JLRg B
M]D AB^\^A6CEH TD]VZ[^A[ F D:\QCERgB HSA B^BQA M A_ \^VZJ F A
n
"&A[<B^AS[BQ[ M]\WA_ H A _ F ASRgBQ[IJLRgB<M A\^K VX[ F ASRgB^\^AUEJLVX\ F A[ HJLK M JL\BQAKNARTB^[ F A Y C ]VZJLYXD:KNVZR]AS[ HSASR:HSA HSJ()AS_ \ ASRgBQ[=C ULAH1YXA[ VZR:JL\^KNC B^VXJLR][FJED]\^R]VZAS[ [email protected]\6YXAS[ JOH A _ CER:JLYXJLPED]AS[ "&AS[8A_ BQD F AS[ K JLRgBQ\ ASRgB D:R]A
HSJE\^\WA_ Y C B^VXJLR A<Y CEHB^VZUWVZBO#A _ ]VZJLYXD]K VXR:AS[^HASRgBQA CUEASH YXA HJLD]\^CERgB KNCE\ VXR A M]YXD:[ YZAS[ B2C D A HJLKNM D
B2C PLA C [^[^JWHSV ASF _ [CE D M]VXH[ CED ]D]\ [ BQ[ ? K JLRgBQ\^ARgB D]R]A8HSJL\ \WA_ Y C B^VXJLR ® ASRgBQ\ A K J F D]YXA[ F JLMOBQ9V TD]A[
FM AAS_ HSD \^JEA_ VXB^[^D [^CERgV A_ BQA A ACB UEASY H A_ BQY D C F A VX[B2ACER]YXCHGA JLTD\ ]KNV"AYXA[<AS[W[ AS_ M]M]CEVZ\^HS&A[ R D]C1C[ [email protected] [ 0C A_ BO6A _ C(K ?OJE\ " A _ A _A [email protected]^D]\;ASKNYZYXA6CER<M TDAS_ ]\ VXA J F VXA HVZBOAJL_ R]C R AA__ ASBOA[ _
F
F F F
HSJER][WA_ HSD:B^F VZULA[ F F
"nC YXVZPLR]A[ ASH BQASD:\ M]\ JEBQJEB WM A
K AKNA [^V AYXYXAC \^AR]HSJLRgB^\WA _ TD]ASY WD:AS[M]\^(J ]/Y AKNA[
TD]V JLRgB8A_ BOAG_ HJLKNM: \^VX[6AB \WA_ [^JLYZD]F [ C JLD:\^R]V B D:R]AGPL\^CER F A [email protected] BOA _ F A F JLR:RAS_ A[ HSJLR:HSAS\ [email protected]
]VZJLYXD]K VXR:AS[^HASR]HA "&A H*)@CEM:VZBQ\ A [^D]V U CERgBIM:\WAS_ [ ASRgBQA Y [email protected][^A F A HSA[ F JLR]R A_ AS[
$ $
)#1
' ( #,&' (
X
"&A M]\^J BQJEB WM A YXVXPER]A=[^ASH BQAD]\
CM]\^VZ[ AS[ JLR]R A_ AS[ ARgBQ\^ANYXA ! KGC \^[ AB YXA#"
$ D]VZYXYXA B o(66= " [email protected][^A F AS[ F JLR]R FA_ AS [ F A ]VXJLYZ D]K VXR]A[^HSFAR]HSAF A[ B M]\WAS_ [ ASRgBOA_ A F CER][NHSAH*)]CEM]VZB^\^A
AB [email protected][^A=\^AM]\^AR F YZAS[ A_ BQD F AS[ C( JL\ F A_ AS[6YXJL\ [ F AS[ BQA[ B^[ M]\WAS_ H A _ F ARTB^[HO %1Ë o? KNCEVX[ D:R]A
K J F V'&@H ClBQVXJER1AS[B;C M]M JE\ BOA_ A&C=YXC F A(_ &@R:VZBQVZJLR F DB2CED F A;]D]\ [ BQ[
® CER][bYZA H*)@CEM]V BQ\^A<M]\WAS_ H A _ F ARTB JERGC UWD0TD]A Y CF]VZJLYXD]K VXR:AS[^HASR]HA<M JLD:\^\QC VZBbC ULJEVX\bD]R]A<M A_ \^VXJ F VZHSVZBOA _ AB F A M]YZD][FTD VXY [ AS\^CEVZB;M JL[ [^V]YXA F A F V F ARTB^V)@& A\;YZAS[ A[^MAHSAS[ F A[ JL\^PLCER]VX[ KNA[ ]VZJLYXD:KNVZR]AS[ HSASRgB^[
C ULAH YXC JL\ KNA F D M:VXH TD VXYZ[AS_ K AB BQASRgB AS[ F AD M JLVXRgBQ[;[^JLRgB6C $ JLDOBOAS_ [ C D-M JLVXRgB^[ F [email protected][ A
F"nA C_ $ C YZVXPLA :R]VZA=[ BQ[ CEASRgHBQB^[ASD]\ AS[B HSJEKNM JL[WA_ A A A _ B2CEPLA[ #)@C(TD]A A_ B2C PLANHJLK M JL\BQA D]R "$ A B D]R8[^AD]Y
* ,+ AS[ B R A_ HSAS[ [QCEVZ\^A M JED]\ ASR]\ ASPLVZF [ BQ\ ASX \6YXA[ BQCED F ANHJLKNMOB2CEPLA .- R * ,+ \ ASM]\WAS_ [ ASRgBQA F JLR]H=D]R
K J F D:YXA JLMOBQV9TD]A H AS[B C F VZ\^A D]RM<)]JEB^JLK D]Y BQVZM]YXVZH C B^ASD]\
"nC\ D]M:B^D]\^A F A=Y C/& ]\ ANJEM:BQVWD:A F A=Y )]JE\^YXJEPLACASD HJLK KNAHJLR][WA _ TD]ASR]HA Y C K J F V'@& H ClBQVXJER F D
JL\ KGC B F A M]\ VX[ A F A F EJ R]R AS_ A[;HJLR]HSA\^[email protected] RTBIYXA BQCED F A6HSJLK M:BQCEPLA [email protected]\^KNC B<AS[B;A OM]YXVWD A _ F C R][
YXA[ F ASDGM]\^AKNV/AS\ AS[ [^ASH BQVZJLR][ " A _ BQD F A F AS[YXVXPER]AS[ F [email protected][^AIAB F AS[ B2CED F A]D]\ [ BQ[AS[ BM]\WA_ [^ARTBOAS_ A
F[^ACEHR:B^[6VXJLYXR C [^ASH BQVZM]JLD]R VZ[ Y Co M&" AS_ A=\ VXJ HSJWA(VXH0 VZBOHA6_ VXASASRgR B F A HSJL\ R3\W&@A_ RY C B^VXY JLA_ R-BQD ARTA B^\^A A KNYXC J F JLD]\ YZKNAS[ A JEM:ASBQ[VWDM::VXASHS[6[IASAS[ [B B C(M] \WAJL_ [^\ ASF RgA _ BOASC_ A YXCC
F
21 F F
F
Y C [ ASH BQVXJER >= X
;
4 ! 5
6 W87 9 # :
<>=
!
K
"&A6B2CED F A HSJLK M:B2C PLA A[ B YZA R]JEK ]\^A F A HJLD]M][ AR]\^APLVX[BQ\WA _ [email protected]\ID]R]V BOA _ F A BQAKNM][ CNH*)@C(TD]A
R]JLDOULASYZYXA BQ\^CER]H*)]A F ABQASK M][ [email protected]?BA0C/=D?FEA0 ? F A = K [ G1 R$VXR:HSYXD]CERgBNYZA BQASK M][ KNJE\ B LIH | F A
Y AS_ YZASH BQ\^JER]V9TD]A H AS[ B C F VX\ A F AS[ * J+<? YXA BQCED F A HJLKNMOB2CEPLA A[ B 7
2 L ?
LNMYX LL KNRTM M IL >
H L OQP
C ULAH LL K Y C F D]\WAS_ A F D-BQVZKNA [^YXVZHSAA B >2 L YXA R:JLK ] \ A F AL JLVX[FTD]A Y CGU CEYZASD]\ F D8M:\WAO_ D HSJLK M:B^A
C A _ BOA6_ C B BQASVZRgBQA F D]\QC RTBIHSA BQVZKNA [ YXVZHSA KASK A F A(_ &@R:VZBQVZJLRTD]A F C R][IYZA [email protected]\QC PL\QCEM:)]A Ë = = ? ® ASD
¯±°SR µ à µ f »4Á,¿f ¸±¶ à µCÁ à º&µ ¯  UT=ÁC»4ĶWVYX[Z]\_^S`UÂ4»¸À\¶ à ¸±À4Á/Å µCÁ b] a ʓŹ¸±¶ÁB$i À\µ‘Å µ(»4¶ µL´ c É ¸/f » à µMµCÁ ÃWd5³g µ9´ ¶ d µ9À\¶ Ä ¯ Â&µ à À Tà µNf»4Á f¸¶ à º&µ‘¼& eT=ÁŠÁ9Ç Ägf­¸±À à µS»¸À\¶ŠÅ µCÁ ]Wa ÊTº&µ _µC¶Á d ¸ N¯±° ½ M R3hji¯  ¼\ ½k °
XX
AOOAKNM]YZAS[ F AS[U CE\ V C B^VXJLR][ F A HAS[BQCED F A HJLKNMOB2CEPLAIASR&JLR:HBQVZJLR F D1BQASK M][ [ JLRgB M]\WAS_ [^ARgBOAS_ [<[ D]\
Y NC &@PLD]\ A " C5 HVX[^[ A \^AM]\WA_ [^ASRgB^A B^JLD $ JLD:\^[ o )]AD]\^A[ M]\ VX[^A[<CED )@CE[^CE\ F F CER][ Y ASR:[^ASK]YXA F AS[
X(6(6 ):ASD]\ AS[ F A F JER]R AS_ A[ "&AS[bB2CED F AIHJLK M:B2CEPEA F D]\^CERgBHAS\B2CEVZR]AS[ M AS_ \ VXJ F AS[ A_ BQCEVXARTB M]\ JOH*):AS[
F AbLA [email protected] C TD[^A]V A_ BQCEASVZRgB&UWC VXB^\^B^JEASR R F D H AS[ B C F VX\ A [^D]F \ AbYXHSC(AWTDTD]]ASVWYZYXC A UE[C AVZB;[^A _ D]BOM A _ ASUW\ D M JEYZJL[^\^AS[ RgBF A["AB^[6AS[M:BQVX[nHS[M]\WA_ ALH A _ ]F VXASJERgYXD]BQ[ K \ VXD]R]R]AAb[^HYZASVXPLR]R]HAA
F _&]PLD]\^A [ D]MF A_ \^VXAD]\^A JL6NRgB<M D]Ë5R 6& JWOQJLK P [^D]\ K VXR A[ B<M]\WAS_ [ ASRgBOA6_ [^D]\ F YXC &@PLD]\ A F CEVX[ CEDOBQ\^A[
M A_ \^VXJ F A[NR]AY A_ BQCEVXARgF BNM]CE[ \ D]P R]AYZVXPLR:A F 6 A @C [^AM]YXD][ )@CEDOBQA C UEASH F AR]JLK]o\^A?OD M]VXH[ F% B&@PLD]\ A
VXRAS_ \^VZASD]\ A
?
500
450
rate (kHz)
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
11:15
11:30
11:45
12:00
12:15
12:30
12:45
13:00
13:15
500
450
rate (kHz)
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
01:30
01:45
02:00
02:15
02:30
02:45
03:00
03:15
03:30
taux de comptage (kHz)
+ - 7 0]A =P0 230. ; 9 230EA6 A . ; 30 0/7$6(7jE/. ?B6(7 2 9 .10]A C C ; 9 0 C 9 0 ?B0 9 0
6!?B0/78.*2 9 3!;4 #"%$ [email protected];&0 ?B6<230('*),+ ".-/"102 ; ? "43*3 +65 C7 ;8 9 0Y2 9 230gCgC56 9 C 0g C50/78.10
=P0 9 79' "#:;3<- + ; ? "43*3 +65 $ 86 9 =P0 A>0]= A0/A6<2 9 =P0 [email protected][email protected] 9 0 C( 0gCA ;B ?BA 9 A C 230gC ;B 0gC 230gC
6 236(787C05 0gC 6(78.D0/ .70E FG0g C C& ;(;>=P0 9 230 .B; 9 Z230 EA6 A .B; 30A ;B ?BA ;>=P0 ;>. .10]?:78.4086 9 =P0 9 7
'*),+ " 0gC/. 230C'*H " )!I J(KMLb0/. 230 " ) 03N J(KG86 9 =P0 /9 7O' "#:;3>C
500
+ o >
- P 656 A [email protected];QSR
9 0 0DC ' C 9 0 ?B0 9 0?L C 9
9 7 ?:78.10 ( ;>=:=P0 230T' 3 A ?R
400
300
7 9 .40gC C
200
100
15h10
15h12
15h14
15h16
15h18
15h20
temps
UWJV ICWX8Y[X Z d]\ d_^E`aXbZ \WXcZ Y ^[XdZ XcYW`egf_Xch`ji/` c ik`MhWlWX H V_mMV RXSnd`jfonbpfY XSfo`&f d c XSY X j `MeqXSeqXdi/`rY[XbZ \/` d_f]fbXsZ YW`e
fo`reqXtnb\ d_^ d VuU a V
X
+* / 0 R AOO AKNM]YZA F A F VX[BQ\ V9]D:B^VXJLR F A[ B2CED F AGHSJEKNM:BQCEPLA AS[B M]\WAS_ [^ARgBOA/_ &@PLD:\^A =: AB BQA F VX[1D
BQ\ V9] DOBQVXJER M]\WAS_ [ ASRgBQA=M]YZD][^VZASD]\ [;M]VZHS[ C F AS[;U CEYZASD]\ [;M]YZD][;JED KNJEVXR][ \WA_ PLD]YXVZAS\ AS[ \ C I o(66(6 = X(6 6(6 A BG" X(66 OQP "&AS[ HSCED][ AS[ F A HAS[e M][ ASD F J5D [^C BQD]\^C BQVZJLR][ @R]A [^JERTBbM]CE[ ASR]HJL\^A F A_ BQA\^K VXR A_ AS[
IJED][ \^A UOVZASR F \^JLR][ HSAM AR F CERgB F CER][<YXC [^ASH BQVZJLR >=:
Entries
Mean
RMS
6
10
2049362
239.5
600.6
5
10
4
10
3
10
2
10
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
+ = "
- ! ? C/. ?# 9 R
[email protected]?B6(7 230gCY.B; 9 W230JEA6 A R
.B; 300/7 N J(KML86 9 =P0
%" 0]$ A0 A6<2 9 =P0 6?. [email protected] 9 0
2 9 & 0]$ A0 0/ .B; 30?L 230gC
236(787C05 0gC 2 9 9 7 ' ) 3
- ' : ; ? "43*3 +;L 0M R
EA6 A .40 ' 3*3 5 C
10000
Taux de Comptage (kHz)
; ('
"nC R]J BQA F A*) + H*)TD]YXYZAS\AC R]R]AOOA*+ ? C M]\ JLM JE[ F A Y C F VX[ HS\WA _ BQVZ[QC B^VXJLR F AS[ B2CED F A HJLK M:B2CEPEA
UEJLVX\ % >=: ? HJLR][WA _ TD]ASR]HA F D JE\^KNC B1D:B^VXYZVX[WA _ [email protected]\ YZAS[ A _ UbA_ R]ASK ASRgB^[ 3-, .0/21 ? / 4435176
S
H
L
J
]
R
H
X
Y
:
D
B
TD
X
V
<
Y
S
A
[
G
B
]
M
W
\
A
_
A
_
Q
\
(
C
]
Z
Y
A
:
D
^
B
X
V
Z
Y
X
V
^
[
A
=
\
X
Y
S
A
[
"
C
Y
C
]
M
X
Y
E
C
S
H
A
S
A
&
[
"&A[&" 6
8, / ? 17, ? / ? %
F
6
F
JLRgB M:YXD][ VXASD:\^[ C U CERgB2C PLAS[ YX[ R]A1[ JLRgB [email protected][ F VZUWVX[WAS_ [ [email protected]\ D:R M]\WA _ D HJLKNMOBQA YXD]V CED][ [^V CEHB^ASD]\ F A
FBQVZVZKN[^HSA\WA_[^B^YXVXVZ[QHSClA BQVXJEA R B CEF D]AH[ D]B2RCEDBQAS K F M]AG[bHSK JLJLK \ M:B B2R]C A<PLAYXAS D:AS\ R AS[K BD]C YZ[^B^[^VXJWM]HSYZAV A _ F DYZAM]BQA\WKNA _ D M]HSJE[ KNK M:JLB^\A B FM]V\^UWJVXUW[WVXAN_ [email protected] CE\ DY C BQ\QF C D]VZBQ\WAA_ KNA AF RgD B
F
[email protected]\ Y * J+:? ?O
Y;A[ B& C HSVXYZA F AKNJ F V)&]AS\ YXAS[GM]\^JLPE\QCEK KNA[NDOBQVXYZVX[WAS_ [ [email protected]\1YZAS[1M]\ JOHAS[ [^ASD:\^[ F A YXC8YXVZPLR]A:9 VXY AS[B
ASR A<; A B=M JE[^[^V] YXA F A1[ A HSJLR]R:ASHB^AS\=CED M]\ JOHAS[^[ ASD]\ [UOVXCYXA[ HC5] YXA[ A B F A YZASD]\ ASRgULJ LA\ND:R]A
R]JLDOULASYZYXA;UEAS\ [^VXJER F% D]RM]\ JLPL\QC KNK A - R]A [ VXK M]YXAIHSJLR:R]ASH BQVXJER 1=6<>?/@6<1 M AS\ KNA B F A YZA CEVX\ A AB BQA
A A : V] VXYZVZBOA_ CEDR:VZULASCED F A[ M]\^JLPE\QCEK KNA[ F CEH WD:VX[^V BQVZJLR C M AS\ KNVZ[ F ASR]\ ASPLVZ[ B^\^AS\ Y VZR: JL\ KGC B^VXJLR F AS[
A_ U A_ R]ASK ASRgBQ[A" 6: AB^B^A VXR: JE\^KNC BQVZJLRNR:VZULASCED P A_ \^J C A_ BOA _ C $ JLD:BOAS_ A F C R][ YXA[ &@H*]) VZAS\^[ F A F JLR]R AS_ AS[ ASR [email protected]\QC YXY/AYXA C D [^JED][ YZAbB^AS\ KNA F A 2CB DFE GQ AS[ A_ UbAS_ R]AKNARgBQ[ " 6 JERTB A_ BOA_ AR]\^APLVX[BQ\WA_ [
[email protected]\ B^VX\ F D oX E) D]VXR o(66= ASY C=\^AM]\WA_ [^ARTB^A M]\AS[ F A o566 :) ASD]\ AS[;A<; AHB^VZULA[ F A F JLR:RAS_ A[ j+ ASD]YZ[
FAB ADYZA N M]AS\WR]A _ [ D ASHSK JEKN] YZM:ASB^[ A F ASAI[[email protected] \QA CEK AB^JL\^D AS[ JLA RgBNA _ BOAI_ D:BQVZYXVX[WAS_ [g7 YZA<[^ASD:VXY AS[ B BQJLD $ JLD]\^[ &:b A _ C =6 KIH 6 = [ M A ?
F 6 F X(6
+* / n" CJ&@PED]\^A M]\WAS_ [ ASRgBQA<Y C F VX[BQ\^V] D:B^VXJLR F AS[ F JER]R AS_ A[ " 6 CEVZR][^VWD:A HSASYZYXA F A Y C;K4ASK AM AS_ \^VZJ F A
q $ D]VXYZYXA B o(66= ? M JLD]\6YXA[ 4J Y [ CEPEVZB F AS[8A_ UbAS_ R]AKNARgBQ[ 4J ]\ D:BQ[&_&@PLD:\^A F AGPgCED:H*)]A ?
K JED]\ WD:A HASY C[ JLVZB<HJLKNM]CE\QC(: YXA Y C &@PLD:\^A F A F \^JEVZBQA M:\WAS_ [ ASRgBQA YXA[ A _ UbAS_ R]AKNARTB^[ " =6 F VZUWVZ[WAS_ [<[email protected] \
YXAGM]\WA _ D HSJEKNM:B^A F A[04J YR [email protected] [ F A M]\WAO_ D HJLK M:BQA M JLD]\ YZAS[L" 6 ? VZ[ C [email protected]\BYXA[ M]VXH[
M]\WAS_ [^ARgBQ[ F CER][<Y C F VZ[ B^\^V9: D:BQVZJLR F AS[4J Y C JL\ KNA P AS_ R A_ \QCEYZA F AS[ F ASD HSJLD:\J AS[ AS[ B [ VXK VXY C VX\^A
"&AS[;" 6 [^JLRgB AR]\^APLVX[BQ\WA_ [ [^D]\ &]VZB^[ YZA KGCY:VZK D]K M<) W[^VWD:A F AS[ " 6 AS[ B F JLR]H F A oCL ? M IM
XX5= X HSJED]M][ H A[ B8C F VZ\^A X OQP Y+ D:\ Y C,&@PED]\^A 0C F \^JEVZBQA YZAS[W" 6 [QClBQD]\ ASRgB M JLD:\ F AS[ U CEYZASD]\ [
X
Entries
Mean
RMS
5
10
643439
45.75
96.36
Entries
Mean
RMS
643439
52.49
141.1
5
10
4
10
4
10
3
10
3
10
2
10
2
10
10
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
! ? C A1 ?# .1 ? , /5. /@, A(# 606 E , . CS 3% 6 RSE , A =1 6 L , # 176</2. C 3 3% 1 ? 06 C - 3
35. E 6 5 6<106 C S3- 3% , ? 176 5 L , . > 35 . Q' 6</35/21 > 6 .0/ ' 0 '
nbItem
nbItemOrg/pc
A M
HJLD]M][ [email protected]\ BQVZKNA[ YXVXHA K [ H AS[BC VX\^A C
"nA[
M 2BF C D = F A<6HS JEKN"! M:BQCEPLA X(6 A?R JLR:HXBQX5VZJL6R 6 F D=BQAKNM][ J:B^ASRTD][8C M]CE\ = B^VX \ F A[#? " 6 [^JERTBbB^JLF D:B8CFCEX VZB [ VXKOQPVXYXCEVX\ AS[
H C \ [ D]\ YXCN&@PLD:\^A Y C F VX[ B^\^V]D:BQVZJLR F AS[ 4J $#&%(' B*),+4? JLD F.- [" 6 $#&%' B*),+ / DFE G:? F CER][ YXC
\W- _ PLVXJER J D-Y - D]\ [ UEC Y - D:\^[ [^JLRgB6VXR- _ \^V - D]\ - [&C o(66 10 % 6 O,P ? [^JERTB6[ D]M - \^M JL[QC5]Y - [ W+2- D:YX[ Y - [
B2C D 3F - HSJEKNM:BQCEP - 3F - M]YZD][ F3- X O,P $#&%(' B*),+54 66 ? [ JLRgB;M]CE\ B^VXHSD:YXV/- \ - K - RTBKNJ F V'& - _ [
;7698:6<;
<>=
= '?>[email protected]([email protected]&[email protected]>JI KJL 3MON3P - .Q XSRUTOVW P -YX L[Z3\^] W P9\^_3N W \ TOV _3\`Z3\ RU-aV ]9\ TOV.V3-aX`X^- Z3N V.TOR _3P - Z -YbaT N3c.]dceLfPgc3P-(h i
baTfR c W- Z - ]j4J k$#l%' B*),+ m7-aVYnoTfV3bpW \ TOV Z3N V.TOR _3P - Z -qbpT N3c3]rKJsUZ3\ut\^]- h ceLvP X`- c.P-wh i<baTOR c Wk$#&%' B*),
j Jrz{LfN3M Rg-pV|W- L,t -ab}X LtfL X^- N.P:Z - ]KJs.~ R Lf\`] ba- N.\€Z - tPLf\ W
+ DFE G.xwe!am Q KALtvL X^- N3PyZ - ]4
-p‚ W P - N V3- ceLvP n Lf\ W-X \^M V3- Z3P T \ W- Z - c -aVW-„ƒ k X L X \^M V3- P T N3M - m ~3] - P - ceLfP W \ W ] -aX`TOV Z - N† baTOVW P9\^_3N i
W \ TOV ]l‡
i N V3-ˆX \^M V3- _3P\`]-ah -ˆ-pV|W P -‰X^- ]7c T \ VW ]‰kŠs2~‹s m N3]  NlŒ‹LvNYc T \ VW k ƒ Ž s.~ ƒ Ž s m ~
i N V V NeLfM - Z - c T \ VW LfN WT N3P7Z -ˆbp-pWW-qX \^M V.- Q
&
1400
nbItem
nbItem
$
1200
600
550
1000
500
800
450
600
400
350
400
300
200
250
0
0
E,A
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
nbItemOrg
, A(# 6U06‰S3‘ ?!? C 6 3% > 6 ’ 6 R
1=6&6</ , / E 1 ? , d/ 5./@, A(# 76 06 L 0. /
' 0 'L  ' 3- 6</ # > 6<. 5f
.Q Ž 
ƒ“Ž
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
nbItemOrg
G .Q :P , , A 0 6F> 3 . 6 E]?RSE , /21A 6 $
P
$
K - ]:tfL X^- N.P]:Z - ]j4J}z{] TOVWWT N T N3P9] c X N3] n Lf\^_ X^- ]  N -rba-aX`X^- ] Z - ]KJs.~|]LvN n c T N3P:Z -rW P - ] n Lf\^_ X^- ]
tvL X^- N3P] Z -ˆW LvN2†‘Z -‰baTOR c W LfM - k$#&%' B*),+
fs m Q KJL„]L W N3PL W \ TfV Z - ]rKAs„] - ]\`M V L X`- ceLfP X L X \^M V3t - P W \ b L X^- c T N3P Z - ]Uj4J}z -aVW P - 0 Ž s -wW‘ƒ Ž s bpT N3c3]„ceLvP c3P-(h i baTfR c W- Q X- †2\^] W- Z - ] W LfN2†
Z -‰baTOR c W LfM - Lf]] - MfPL V Z.]rc T N3P  N - R L X MfP-h X^- N3P ]L W N3PL W \ TfV ~ X^- ]j4Jrz P - T \`M V3-aVWrX^-ˆR -a‚ RUR L †2\ R N R  N -ba-aX N3\:Z - ] KJs Q \ X Œ TOV ]9N3c3c T ] -d N -X^- ] j4J}z t TOVW baTfV|W \ V N - P Z - ]L W N.P - P Z X L R -p‚ Rg- R L V \ - P - c T N3PdZ - ] W LfN2† Z - baTOR c W LfM - c X N3] -ah X`- t - h ]Sk ba-  N3\ - ] W N V3- ]9N3c3c T ]\ W \ TOV
T c W \ R \^] W- m ~ -pV c3P TOX^TOV M - L VWˆX L‘Z - P V \ - P - c -aVW- Z - ] j4Jrz N3]  NlŒ LYN V V3TOR _.P - Z -UbaT N3c.]qceLvP
c3P-wh i bpTOR c W- Z -‘ƒ Ž s.~ X^- ]ˆKJs X`- ]ˆc X N3] -ah X^- ty- h ]ˆ] - PLf\ -aVW L N VSV3TOR _3P - Z -„bpT N3c3]‰Z - 0 fsOsfs bpQ
 N3\ P - c3P- h ] -pV|W- N V‘W LvN2†‘Z -ˆbaTfR c W LfM - Z - c X N3] Z - „z
K - ]4j J}z ] TOVW koc3P - ]  N - m WT N T N3P]c X L b - h ]] T N3] X L X \`M V3- P T N3M - ~€\ X ] baTOR c W-aVW koc3P - ]  N -,mWT N i
T N3P9] RUT \ V ]  N -X`- ] KJs Q KJL}Z3\ ; - h P -aV3bp-R L †2\ R L X^-y- ] W Z -X Œ T PZ3P - Z - vsOs baT N3c3]’ceLvP’c3P-(h i bpTOR c W- ~
Q
b Π- ] W L Z3\`P - ]Uz
KJL eMON.P - .Q - ] W N V T2TOR Z - X L eMON.P - c3P-ah b - h Z -pV|W- ~ TOV t T \ W N - X^- ]Z - N2† ceLvP W \ - ] RUTOV2i
W L V|W- ]7Z -X L X \`M V3- _3P\`]-ah - ] TOVW baTOR c T ]-ph - ]7Z - c X N3]\ - N3P9]c -pW \ W- ] X \`M V3- ] T P9\ TfV|W L X^- ]a~2ZyN ‚ - ] L X L
Z3\`] b P-ph W \^]L W \ TfV Z - ]y4
j J}z Q KJL X LfPM -:X \`M V3- T P9\ TfV|W L X^-ybp-aVW PL X^-V Π- ] W ~vceLfP baTOVW P - ~vceLf] bpTOR c3P\`] - Q
V c - N W V3TvW- P  N -X^- ]’c T \ VW ]ZlŒ \ V A - †.\ TOV Z -bp-pW9W-X \^M V3- ] TOVW c.P Tb - ] Z - tfL X^- N.P]’ceLvP W \ b N X \ - P - ]
W-pX^X`- ]  N - ‡ ƒ ~ Ž .~ Ž2ƒ 2~ ƒ s 3~ b Œ - ] W LUZ3\^P - Z - ]rc3N3\^]9]L V.ba- ]rZ - Q j - ]}c T \ VW ]ZlŒ \ V A -abpW \ TOV ]
R -aV3-pV|W LfN2† c3] - N3Z Tvi ]L W N3PL W \ TfV ] - h t T N -ah - ]qZeL V ] X L‘] -pbpW \ TOV .Q ƒ Q ƒ L Q + -„R -a‚ RU- ~ X`-UV NeLvM Z - c T \ VW ] V Œ - ] W ceLf] baTOR c3P9\^] Q rV3-„- †2c X \ b L W \ TOV c T ]]\`_ X^- - ] W ~Ac T N3P bp- ]‰c T \ VW ]]9\ W N - h ]ˆ] T N.] X L
X \`M V3- T P9\ TfV|W L X^- ~  N - X`-qW-aR c3] RgT P Wr N.\ LfN3M RU-aVW- L,t -ab„X`-qW LvN2† Z - baTOR c W LvM - ~]aŒ L T N W- L
X L Z3\^] b P-ph W \`]L W \ TOV Q j -ab \LfN3PLf\ W c T N3P - ; -wW Z - Z - ] ba-pV Z3P - Z - ] c T \ VW ]qZ -gX L X \^M V3- Z -aV ] - LYZ - ]
4j Jrz Z - tvL X^- N3Pyc X N3] n Lf\`_ X^- ~ b LfP X Œ -ah b LfP W:-pV|W P -rX L X \`M V3-7-pW X^- ] c T \ V|W ]y]aŒG-ah X LvPMO\ W L t -ab Z - ] KAs‰c X N.]
MOPL V Z3] Q zLv\^] bp-ab \ V3-}noT N3P V \ W c3Lf]ZlŒ - †2c X \ b L W \ TOV c T N3P X^- ] c T \ VW ] LfN i Z - ]9]N3]7Z -}X L X \^M V3- _.P\^]-ah - Q
K T N3PZ - ]Z TOV.V -ah - ]c3P\`] - ]7L,t -ab N V c3P-wh i bpTOR c W- Z - ƒ s2~ X LqZ3\`] W P\^_.N W \ TOV Z - ]c T \ V|W ]c3P- h ] -aVW- Z - ]
Z3\ ;- h P -aV.ba- ]&‡ X Œ \ VW- P9tvL X`X^- - ] W RUT Z3\ - h ceLfP X LtvL X`- N3PAZ3N c3P-wh i bpTOR c W- k$\ VW- P9tvL X`X^-y-aVW P - s -wW ŽfŽ s m ~
-pW \ X&V Œ L ceLf] Z -ˆX \`M V3- T P\ TOVW L X`- Q X L c X L ba- Z -ˆba-wWW-qX \^M V3- T P\ TOVW L X^- ~.N V3- \ V A - †2\ TOV Z X L baT N3P_ - Lfc.ceLfPL ‚ W Q KLfP bpTOVW P - X L„c -aVW- Z - ]rZ - N2†ceLfP W \ - ]Z - X \^M V3-ˆRUTOVW L VW- ~ - ] WX L R -a‚ RUZeL V ] X`-b Lf] Z - ]rZ - N2† c3P9\^] - ] Z - Z TOV3V -ah - ] Q
&
+
P
P
$
O,P
&
$
$
,O P
P
g
-
'&
P
P
k
*
$
P
K - ] ƒ Ž sOs - N3P - ] Z - Z TOV3V -ph - ] -pV P - MO\^] W P-ah - ] ] T N3] X`-SnoT P R L W Z - ][j4Jrz c3P- h ] -pVW-aVW Z - ] \ V2i
baTfV t -ph V \ -pV|W ] Z - Z3\`] b P-ph W \^]L W \ TfV-pW Z - ] bpTOR c T P W-pRg-pV|W ]\ V.baTOR c3P\`]k Šc.] - N.Z Tvi ]L W N.PL W \ TOV m Q K - ]
Z TOV.V -ah - ] -aV P - MO\`] W P-ah - ]}] T N3] X`-noT P R L W KJs V3- c3P- h ] -aVW-aVW ceLf] ba- ]}Z - h ]L,tvL VW LfM - ] R Lf\^]7]L W N3P -aVW
L ŽOŽ sOs baT N.c3]ceLfP W \ Rg- ] X \ bp- ~ -pWrX L  NeL VW \ W - h Z - Z TfV3V -ah - ] -aV P - Mf\^] W P-ph - ] -pV KJs - ] WV3-wWW-aRU-aVW
RUT \ V ]:\ R c T P W L VW-  N -ba-pX^X`-r-pV P - MO\^] W P-ph - ] T N3] X`-rnoT P R L W j4Jrz ~ R -a‚ RU- ]\ ba-aX LqP - c3P- h ] -pVW-WT N W
Z - R -a‚ RU- Z - N† noT \^]’c X N3]  N -X L WTfW L X \ W - h Z - ] W- ] W ]yc3P-ph b - h Z -aVW ]k bwn Q W Lf_ X`- LfN( Q m Q +L V ] X L]N3\ W- ~
X^-b T \u† Z - c3P- h ] -pV|W- P X Œ L V L X ] - L ceLfP W \`P Z -‘X Œ N V T N Z -‘X Œ‹LfN W P - Z -ba- ] noT P R L W ]‘k T N Z -‘X^- ]
baTfR ceLvP - P m ] -no- PL -pV noTfV3bpW \ TOV Z -ˆX Œ -ph W N3Z --pV t\`]LfM-ph - Q
4
!#"%$'& 9 & (')+*,& &.-/-,)10 7 9 & (20234*-5*
KJL7c3P -aR \ - P - -ph W Lfc - Z -’WT N W- ] X`- ]}-wh W N3Z - ] Rg-pV -ah - ]A]9N3P X L_.\ TOX N R \ V3- ] ba-pV3ba- Lg-wh W - h Z - Z -wh W- P R
\ V3- P
X L X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] - ~ b Œ - ] W L„Z3\^P - N V3- - ] W \ R L W \ TOV Z -‰X L baTOR c T ]L VW-ˆbpTOVW \ V N - Z -‰X L _3\ TfX N R \ V3- ] i
ba-pV3ba- Q c3LfP W \^P:Z -}bp-pWW-X \`M V3- Z - _3Lf] - ~ X^- W LvN2†gZ - _3N3P9] W ] - ] W7b L X`b N X - h 9|\ X ]aŒ LfMO\ W Z -X L n PL bwW \ TfV
Z3N W-aR c3]c -aV ZeL V|WX^-a N -pX ~ X^-W LfN2†Z -bpTOR c W LfM -}- ] W ]N.c- h P9\ - N.P L N V ] - N3\ X Q K -W LfN2†Z - _.N3P] W ]
c - P RU-pW Z&Œ - ] W \ Rg- P X^- $Z - MOP- h Z&Œ‹L bwW \ut2\ W - h Z -ˆX L _3\ TOX N R \ V.- ] bp-aV3bp- Q
*
ƒ“Ž
"
;76 698 =
>l ECH> H> DGD
88 JK L X \^M V3- Z - _3Lf] -q- ] Wb L X`b N X -ah - Lg ceLfP W \^PZ - X LgZ3\`] W P\^_.N W \ TOV Z - ] W LvN2†YZ baTfR c W LfM - Q KAL tvL X^- N3P RgT -aV3V3- k + m7-pW ]LgZ3\`]c - P]9\ TOV k m ] TOVW}b L X^b N X -ph - ] ceLfP-ah b 3L VW \ X`X^TOV ]7Z Ž sOsfsOs W \ Rg- ] X \ bp- ]‰kŠ0 ƒ s R \ V"m Q yK N.\^]a~ X L Z3\^] W P9\^_3N W \ TOV- ] W Z3\ R \ V N -ah - ] -pX^TOV ‡
B*! M + k .Q m
1 ,L t -pb B*! ~ X^-W LvN2† Z -‰baTOR c W LvM - Z3N\ -aRU-W \ RU- ] X \ ba- Q KJLUZ3\`] W P\^_.N W \ TOV
V3T N2t - LvNP- h Z.N3\ W- ] -aX^TfVdX^- R -a‚ RU-rb P\ W - P - Q W L V3T N.t - LfNl~ N3]  NlŒ L ba-r N
X L Z3\`]c - P9]\ TfV Z -‰X L Z3\^] W P\`_3N W \ TOV P- h Z3N3\ W- ]N.\`tvL VW- ~eMLfPZ -aVWX L R -p‚ RgX \`M V3- Z - _eLv] -‰- ] WrX L Z - P V \ - P - tvL X`- N3P RUT -pV3V3- T _ W-pV N - Q KJLUZ - P V \ - P - ] W X Œ - P9P - N3P - ] W \ R -ah - ]N3P X L X \^M V3- Z - _3Lf] - koc T N.P ba-wW \ VW- P9tvL X`X^- Z c3P- h ] -pVW- N V Z - ]9]\ V  N3\ - †2c X \  N -:ba-wWW-R -wh W T Z - Z -b L X^b N X Q j -wWW-R -wh W
PLvc3\^Z -pRg-pVW N V3- tvL X^- N3P7c3P Tb - Z -ˆX L ŠtfL X^- N.P X L c X N3] c3P T _3Lf_ X^- Q
$
8&
log
P - h Z.N3\ W-‰T _ W-pV N - ~ - ] W L
-}X LˆtvL X^- N3P RUT -pV3V3-}-wW
tvL X`- N3P Q KJL tvL X`- N3P7Z -qX L
tvL X`- N3P Z -ˆX L„Z.\^]c - P9]\ TOV
ƒ s R \ V"m Q KJL eMON3P - .Q T Z - c - P RU-pW Z -b L X^b N X^- P
σ2
σ1
taux de comptage (kHz)
m3
m2
m1
.Q ! 6 CgC]? / 6 6 > ?FE 351 ? 06&> 3 A 6< 1 ,a06r06 E 35> E .>€06&> 3 > ? /@606 # 3 C 6 //@, ? L + ƒ 6<1 ƒ
, ! ? 6</2/@6</21€06 > 3 ? C 1q ?# .01 ? , /UA .0/ 6 E 35/21 ? > > , / 06 ' 3 A ? /U06 1 35. 06 E , A 1 3 6 3 6 A ?v6M 6
? C 1A ?# .01 ? , / 6 C 14> 3 ’6 E 6a 06</21=6 ?BA ? /2.6 6 06> 3 3% 1 ? 6 6</ , . 6 - 3 % , ? 176„06 C , ? /21 ? > >f6 C 5 L 6<1
> 3 C . ? 35/21=6 6 C 1 ?BA ? /2.6 6 06> 3 3%<1 ? 6 6</ # > 6<.<- , ? /21 ? > >f6 C 5f 6 /@, A(# 6 A ? 1e6M 351 ? , / 3% ? 6 06
+ , .ˆ 06 C8 6M ? ,a06 C E 35> A 6 C?L , . > 3 ? C 1A ?# .1 ? , / /& 3 3 C 06 @ . 6<.26 3 35.1 C 1 35. 06 E , A 1 3 6 L
. C @ .y 3 0 + 3 L 35/ C > 6 E 3 C E , /21q 3 ? 6 6 /@, A(# 6qA ? 1e6M 351 ? , / /& 6 C 18 6 ’6 C 6</21 351 ? L?FE]?$
+
KJLqtvL X^- N3P RUT -pV3V3- Z - ] - P9P - N.P]‰k$P -aX L W \ut - ] m ]9N3P X L X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] -- ] W ZlŒ -pV t2\`P TOV Ž Q 2-pX^TOV Z - ]
\ VW- P9tvL X`X^- ]Z - tfL X^- N.P]ˆZ -UX \^M V3- ]Z - _eLf] - ~ X^- ]tfL X^- N.P] RgT -aV3V3- ] Z - ] - PP - N3P9]q] TOVW Z3N R -a‚ RUT P9Z3P - ‡ Z - L Q 2- N X ] ƒ Z - ]dtfL X^- N.P]Z - X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] - ] TOVW L ; -abwW -ah - ]ZlŒ N V3- - P9P - N3P
]N.c- h P9\ - N.P - L ƒ s Q KyŒ - P9P - N3P W 2c.\  N - ]N3P X L X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] -„- ] Wq- ] W \ R -ah - L -aV t\^P TOV ƒ s k t T \`P
X^- ] eMON3P - ] -aV L V3V3- † - Q ƒ“m Q
" +
U&
1
KJL Z - h & V \ W \ TOV 3Z N W LfN†dZ - _3N3P] W ]7LvZ T c W -ah - c T N3P X^- ]L V L X 2] - ]Z - _3\ TfX N i
R \ V3- ] ba-pV3ba- Z - ] X \^M V3- ]’Z - W- ] W ]:c3P-ah b - h Z -aVW ]k$] -abwW \ TfV Q m ~’-ph W Lv\ W X L n PL bpW \ TOV Z3N Wp- R c.]:c -aV ZeL VW
O,P Q zLf\^] X^T P9]  N -X`-}W LfN†dZ -bpTOR c W LfM p d]fe ` ]d]\ Y Xsf_`(Y d_eqh;Xtike _d ^ QXd\'W^EY X
f XdikiqXtpWi eApigf_` ?`jf_XdpWi &^ 6X WX6V
p d%` `]d \(XbZ \WX Z Y[X Z d_Xgh`ji ik`MhWh;^6iA\ `Mp&\qX rh;e &^Miq\ Y XFf XdZ f_Xtnb\qik^ d pWX Y X e7\qX e \/e p d X e \[h`Me nbXdf_f_X
X L  N a- X^X`-}X`-rW LvN2†Z -}baTOR c W LvM -- ] W ]N3c - h P\ - N3P L fsOs"!
V F^j\q^ e
V #`Mf]XtpWi
X &hWf_^ XdZ XseqpWigf_`rf d WXceAX n \kXdpWi V
$ &%
< *=
@9
;:
' )( *( ,+
'
>7
E+
@?
.-
#
-0/21 354 6(
*9
A9
B(
ƒ O s
87
C'
9 ;:
@4D'
0(
&
Z - t2\ -aVW7W P - ]d-ah X`- t -h -wW  N -‰X L X \`M V3- Z - e_ Lf] - Z- h ceLv]] -ˆbp- ] - N.\ X ~ ba-wWW- Z - h V \ W \ TOVV Œ - ] W c X N3]7N W \ X \ i
]Lv_ X^- 9 -aX^X`- Z TOV.V3- N V W LfN† Z - _3N3P9] W ] - h M L X L ƒ Q rV3-7V.T N.t -pX^X`- Z- h V \ W \ TOV Y
L p- h W - h N W \ X \`]-ah - ~ b L X^b N X -ph L ceLfP W \^P7Z -‰X L X \`M V3- Z - _eLv] - ~"] -aX^TfV ‡
k
_eLf] - \ A ƒ m
k .Q Om
E M B*!
&
L,t -pb B*! ~ X`-W LfN2†Z -}bpTOR c W LfM - ~2_3Lf] - \ ~ X LˆtfL X^- N.PZ -rX L X \^M V.- Z - _eLf] - ~ -wW
~ X`-}V3TOR _3P - Z W \ Rg- ] X \ ba- ] Q j - W LfN2† Z - _3N3P] W ] - ] W X L n PL bwW \ TfV Z - W-aR c3]yc -pV ZeL VW:X^-p N -aX"X^-W LfN2†„Z -bpTOR c W LfM - ] W ]N3c - h P\ - N3P L X L X \`M V3- Z - _eLf] - LfN.M Rg-pVW -ah - Z - fs ~ -wW ba-aX L Z3N3PL VW X ŒG-ah b eL VW \ X^X`TOV Z - ƒ s R \ V
N W \ X \`]- h c T N3P b L X^b N X^- P X L X \`M V3- Z - _3Lf] - Q j -W LfN2†„Z - _3N.P] W ] Z TOV3V3- N V3- \`Z-ah - Z3NUZ - MfP- h ZlŒ L bpW \`t\ W - h
Z -ˆba-wW -ph b eL VW \ X^X`TOV Z3N PN V Q
K Œ - PP - N3P]9N3P X`-W LfN2†gZ - _.N3P] W ] - ] W- ] W \ R -ah - L‰ceLfP W \^P:Z -rX Œ - PP - N3P ]N3P X L X \^M V3- Z - _eLv] - 92\ X ]aŒ LfMO\ W
Z -‘X L Z.\ ;- h P -pV3ba- -aVW P -‘X^-dW LfN2† Z - _3N.P] W ] T _ W-pV N ] -pX^TOV X Œ -ah  NeL W \ TfV .Q  -wWgX L X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] -aX`X^-(i R -a‚ RU- k M % / )“m ~ -wW X`-W LfN†UZ - _3N3P] W ] T _ W-aV N] -aX^TfVgbp-pWW-rR -a‚ RU- -ah  NeL W \ TfV c T N3P N V.-rX \^M V3Z - _eLf] - LfN3M RU-aVW -ph - Z -‰) E E % / ) ~ X Œ - P9P - N3P7]N3P X L X \^M V.- Z - _eLf] - k M % / ) ) E E % / )“m Q
KJLUtvL X`- N3P RgT -aV3V3- Z - ] - PP - N3P9]P -pX L W \`t - ]r]9N3P X`-qW LfN2†YZ - _.N3P] W ] - ] W Z -ƒ ~ R Lv\^] c T N3PrZ - ]
W LvN2†„Z - _3N.P] W ] bpTOR c3P\`] -aVW P - s2~‹s -wWƒ ~ X L}tvL X`- N3P RUT -pV3V3- Z -7X Œ - P9P - N.P:P -aX L W \ut -- ] W \ V.n - h P\ - N3P ƒ s Q K T N.P X^- ] W LvN2† Z - _3N3P9] W ]\ V.n - h P\ - N3P] L s.~ s 2~ X L[tvL X^- N3P RUT -aV.V3- Z - X Œ - PP - N3P - ] WW P - ]
-ah X`- t -ah - ‡ , ~ R Lf\^] bp-aX L baTOV3bp- P V3-qRUT \ V ]Z -‰Ž Z - ] Z TfV3V -ah - ] Q K Œ - PP - N3P7]9N3P X^-}W LfN2†‘Z - _.N3P] W ]
- ] W- ] W \ R -ah - L -aV t\^P TOV ƒ s k t T \`Pd- h ML X`-aRU-aVW X^- ] eMON3P - ] -aV L V3V3- † - Q ƒ“m Q
"
&
&
1
K - ] Z - h V \ W \ TOV ] Z -rX L X \`M V3- Z - 3_ Lf] -r-pW 3Z N W LvN2†gZ - _3N.P] W ] OT VW -ph W - h Z TOV3V -ah - ] Q K - N.PU- h t TOX N W \ TfV
ZeL V ] X`-‰W-aR c3]a~ X^- N3P Z3\^] W P9\^_3N W \ TOV fL \ V ]\  N -qX^- r
] \ .V noT P R L W \ TOV ] T _ W -pV N - ]] TOVW c.P- h ] a- VW -ph - ]ZeL V ]
X^- ]7ceLfPLfMOPLvc - ] ]9N3\`tvL VW ] Q
;76 6
= F @> H> . I2>
KJL eMfN3P - 2Q c.P- h ] -aVW-„X LgtvLfP\^L W \ TOV Z - X L X \^M V.- Z - _eLf] - -pV noTOV3bwW \ TfV Z3N W-pR c.]]N3P WT N WN.\ X^X`-pWm ~’c T N3P X^- ] KAj7z ~ L,t -abX^- ] 
X L[c - h P\ T Z - Z - c3P9\^] - Z - Z TOV3V -ph - ][koZ3N ƒ R LvP]gLfN
RUT Z3N X^- ] T c W \  N - ]q]9N3c - Pc T ]- h ] Q KJL X \^M V3- Z - _eLv] - c.P- h ] -aVW- Z -gnoT P W- ]tfLvP\ L W \ TfV ]a~lZ - c3N3\`] Z - ]
tvL X^- N3P]7_3Lf]] - ] k -aVi Z - ]] T N3] Z -„ƒ sOs"! m N.]  N - Z - ]7tvL X`- N3P9] W P - ]-ah X^- ty-ah - ]qk N3]  NlŒ L Ž sOs5! m Q
X V Œ Lfc3ceLvPL“‚ W LfN b N V3- c - h P\ T Z3\ b \ W - h Q
N3P X L eMON3P - .Q .~ X L X \^M V.- Z - _eLf] -- ] W c3P- h ] -pVW -ah -ˆ-pVnoTOV3bwW \ TfV Z3N W-aR c3]c T N3P N V ] - N X&RUT Z3N X^cT W \  N - Z3NSKAj7z 3~lL t -ab Z - ] bpT N X^- N3P]Z.\ ;- h P -pVW- ]ˆ] -aX^TfV X LtvL X^- N3PZ3N[c3P-wh i<baTOR c W- Q V c - N W
t T \^P  N -‰X L Z3\`] b P-ph W \^]L W \ TfV- ] W c X N3]7\ R c T P W L V|W-X^T P]  N -ˆX`- c3P-(h i baTfR c W-- ] W c X N3]7MOPL V Z Q
rV.- LvN W P -‰R -ph W T Z - Z -ˆb L X`b N X Z -ˆX L X \^M V.- Z - _eLf] - L -ph W - h N W \ X \^]-ah - LfN‘] - \ V Z -ˆX L bpTOX^X Lf_ T PL W \ TOV
Q j -wWW- R -wh W T Z - Z - h V \ WX L X \`M V3- Z - _eLv] - bpTORgRU-‰X L R - h Z.\ L V3- Z - X LgZ3\`] W P9\^_3N W \ TfV
k$Z3L V ] N V -ah b eL V|W \ X`X^TOV Z -Yƒ“Ž R \ V"m Z - ] W LfN2†SZ -gbaTOR c W LvM -gRUT -pV3V - h ] ]N3P fs W \ RU- ] X \ ba- ]dkŠ0
s %] m Q j -pWW-rRUT -pV3V3- ]N3P fs W \ Rg- ] ] X \ ba- ] R Lf]  N - X Œ - ; -pW Z - Z3\^] b P-ph W \`]L W \ TOV ~ baTORURU-TOV c - N W
X^- t T \`P ]N.P X L eMfN3P - Z3N 3LfN W Z -dX L eMON.P - .Q ƒOƒ k X Lc - h P9\ T Z - P - c3P- h ] -pVW -ah - - ] W c X N3] baT N.P W- 9
-aVW P -Uƒ s„L tP9\ Xl-wWrX`- ƒ N3\ Vem Q
&
&
+
-
&
" K T N3P}Z - ]
Z - ] j4Jrz
"
O,P $
$
$# n Lf\`_ X^- ]7tfL
k$] -abwW \ TfV
8&
9
!
%
$
OQP
+
0I C %# # 0 X^- N.P] Z3N
.Q ƒ Q m Q K
'
(
W LfN2† Z q
- baTOR c W LvM - ~ X LUZ3\`] W P\^_.N W \ TOV Z - ]KJs - ] W ]\ R \ X Lf\`P - L ab -pX^X`]- X \`M V3- ‰
] Z - _evL ] U
j Jrz ] OT VW
- b L X`b N X -ah - ] LYc3LfP W \^PZ - ] KJs -wW Z - ] 4
)WVSR` X Z Y!od ` W* X XteA\g\qXtf]f_X pWX,+.)BA
C VED3d MpWikXshWiWXtZ eqX`* \WXtZ XFf_^Mi/e Y [email protected]* &Xt/1Xb03\ 25dF4* 6.7 Y 8 XSk:9 nd8<^Mf_f_;>` G;[email protected]^6? ik`j\ d_^ *
+
&
8& !
0 ('
>" $
9
+
ƒƒ
LCM2
300
300
250
250
baseline kHz
baseline kHz
LCM1
200
150
100
50
150
100
50
0
23/04
07/05
21/05
04/06
18/06
0
02/07
LCM4
LCM5
300
300
250
250
baseline kHz
baseline kHz
200
200
150
100
50
07/05
21/05
04/06
18/06
02/07
23/04
07/05
21/05
04/06
18/06
02/07
200
150
100
50
0
23/04
23/04
.Q 
"
07/05
?
21/05
04/06
18/06
0
02/07
/@606 # 3 C 6 6</ , / E 1 ? , / 5. 176 A C2 , .I> 6 C + A ,a5.> 6 C , 1 [email protected] . 6 C - C . 6M , C 6 C
3 6 EQ+8E , .0> 6<. C 5 06 C ?
6< 1 3 6 Ca
/@606 # 3 C 6 6</ , / E 1 ? , / 5. =1 6 A C2 , .(./ A ,a5.0> 6 , 1 [email protected] .265. 6 A 6 6< 1 3 6 6 C E , .0> 6<. C C , /21 , .q06 53 > 6<. C 06 ’6 RSE , A 1=6 ? 6M 6</21=6 C?L ? / [email protected] .6 6 CJC .F> 3 . 6 .Q d 
?
L X`T P ] ab TOR ceL W \^_ X`- ] Q KJLd] - N X`- Z3\ ;- h P -aV.ba- - ] WX LUZ3\^] b P-ph W \`]L W \ TOV c3P- h ] -pV|W- c T N3P X L X \`M V3- Z - _eLf] b L X^b N X -ah - L ceLvP W \`P7Z - ]rj4Jrz ~  N3\ V Œ - †2\^] W- ceLf] c T N3P X^- ] KAs Q
K - ]Z3\^] W P9\^_3N W \ TOV ]Z - ] X \^M V3- ] Z - _eLf] -qb L X^b N X -ph - ] LUceLvP W \`P Z - ]rKJs -pWrX^- ]rj4J}z ] TOVW c.P- h ] -aVW -ph - ]
]N.P X L eMON3P - .Q ƒ s Q KJL Z3\ ;- h P -aV3bp-‰- ] WV3-wWW- 9 X^- ]tvL X`- N3P9] Z - ] X \`M V3- ]Z - _eLf] -‰b L X^b N X -ph - ] L ceLfP W \^P
Z - ]:4j J}z k eMfN3P - Z - Z3P T \ W-,m c3P- h ] -pV|W-aVW N V3- Z3\`] b P-ph W \^]L W \ TfV  N3\ V3- ] - P -pW P T N.t - ceLf] ZeL V ] ba-aX`X^- ]
T _ W-aV N - ] LgceLfP W \^PrZ - ]ˆKJs[k 3MON3P - Z - MLfN b - m Q KJLdZ3\^] W P\`_3N W \ TOV Z - ] X \^M V3- ]}Z - _eLf] - T _ W-pV N - ]
L,t -pb‰X`- ] KJs RgTfV|W P - bpTOR c T ]L VW- @] 9 -aVW P -‰ s -pW}Ž s"! ~ -aVW P -qŽ s -pW fs"! ~ -pW -pVW P - fs -wW
s ! Q T N.]rP - t\ -pV Z3P TfV ] L bp- ]Z3\^] W P9\^_3N W \ TOV ]ZeL V ] X L„]9N3\ W- Z -ˆba- Z Tb N RU-aVW Q
ƒ“Ž 5
&
O,P
_&
_&
ƒ
O,P
OQP
Entries
Mean
RMS
800
700
10329
76.45
21.86
1600
1400
600
1200
500
1000
400
800
300
600
200
400
100
200
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
Entries
Mean
RMS
0
0
300
50
100
150
200
10286
74.39
21.86
250
300
.Q ƒ sˆ ! ? C q1 ?# .01 ? , / C 06 CE 35> 6<. C 06 C > ? /@6 C 06 # 3 C 6 L 6</ N J(KML , # 1=6</2. 6 C 3 3% 1 ? ˆ06 C S 3
- 3 35. E 6 5 L 6<1 3 %3 1 ? 06 Cg - 3d% , ? 176 5f
(L0) Ligne de Base (kHz)
(CRM) Ligne de Base (kHz)
2Q ƒOƒ ? . 6 C . 6M ? 6<. 6J ? /@6ˆ06 # 3 C 6 6</ , / E 1 ? , / 5.1=6 A Cr , . > 3 6M ? ,a06ˆ5. ' 3
3 ? > 53 . ' : . ? / 3> ? /@606 # 3 C 6 6 C 1 E 35> E .0>f6 6 3 6 E .0/@6 35.1A 6 A 6< 1 ,a06 @ . ?bA ,C6</2/@6 C . "43
1 ?BA 6 C > ?FE 6 C 3 35/21:06 E 35> E .0> 6M > 3 35> 6<.06 > 3(> ? /@606 # 3 C 6 LGE 6 @ . ? A 3 C @ .26 > 3g ? C!E ’6< 1 ? C 351 ? , /  3> ? /@6 06 # 3 C 6I6 C 14> 3 A 6a ? 35/@6q06 > 3Y ? C 1A ?# .1 ? , / 06 C 1 35. 06 E , A 1 3 6 A ,6</ C 35/ C ./
6 E 35/21 ? > > , /U06 '*) A ? / ? . 6 ? / 6M ? 6<. 6 35. 06 # . C 1 C,E 35> E .>v6 3 3% 1 ? 06%> 3 > ? /@6706 # 3 C 6
, # 1=6</2. 6 3% E 6<1 1=6 A 6< 1 ,a06 6 A 3 ?BA . A , # 1=6</2. 6 C 1 063 Lk)L 6 6<1 , 6</35/21 06&> .01 ? > ? C 351 ? , /
06F> 3
;76 6<;
&
H>
A 6a ? 35/@6 eIE.I
KJL eMfN3P - .Q ƒ RUTOVW P -X^- ]tvLfP\^L W \ TOV ]Z.N W LfN2†dZ - _3N3P9] W ] -pVdnoTOV3bwW \ TfV Z3N W-aR c3]p~.]N.P WT N WLX qc- h P9\ T Z - Z - c.P\^] - Z - Z TOV3V -ph - ] Q V3T N.t - LfNl~3LfN b N V3- c - h P9\ T Z3\ b \ W -rh V Œ Lfc3c3LfPL ‚ WbpX Lf\`P -aRU-aVW-pW7X`W LvN2†‘Z - _3N3P9] W ]tvLfP9\ - Z - tvL X^- N3P] W P - ]_3Lf]] - ] LUc3P - ]  N -gƒ Q
K - ]tvLfP9\ L W \ TOV ] W LvN2† Z - _3N3P] W ] b L X^b N X - h L,t -ab„X Œ LfN W P - R -ph W T Z - N W \ X \`]-ph - ZeL V ] X L bpTOX^X Lf_ T PL W \ TOV
- ] W c3P- h ] -aVW - h ]9N3P X L eMON3P - .Q ƒOƒ \ V.n - h P\ - N3P - ~"c T N3P X L„c- h P9\ T Z -ˆ-aVW P - X^-„ƒ sgL,t2P9\ X -wW}X`ƒ N3\ V Q K - W LfN2† Z - _3N3P] W ] - ] W b L X^b N X - h Z -Un Lba TOV \^Z -aVW \  N - k -a Q .Q m}R Lf\^] X L X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] -
$
&
*
ƒ
.
LCM2
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
taux de burst
taux de burst
LCM1
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0
23/04
07/05
21/05
04/06
18/06
0
02/07
LCM4
LCM5
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
taux de burst
taux de burst
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
04/06
18/06
02/07
23/04
07/05
21/05
04/06
18/06
02/07
0.3
0
02/07
18/06
0.4
0.1
21/05
04/06
0.5
0.2
07/05
21/05
0.6
0.1
23/04
07/05
0.7
0.2
0
23/04
235. 06 # . C 1 C <6 / , / E 1 ? , / 5 . 176 A C! , . > 6 C+A a, 5.0> 6 C , 1 [email protected] .26 C - C . M6 R
, C 6 C 3 6 E +8E , .0> 6<. C 5 0 6 C 6< 1 3 6 Ca ˆ 6</ C 6 A(# > 6q06F> 3 M6 ? ,a06q5. ' 0 A 3% C 35. H . ? > > 6<1 6 C 1
’6 C 6</21e6 6 .Q ƒ L ceLfP W \`P}Z - X L  N -aX`X^- \ X- ] WˆT _ W-aV Nl~ - ] W - h tfL X N -ph d
-aVW P - Z - W P - ] n Lf\^_ X`- tvL X^- N3P] N.]  NlŒ Ls.~ Ždb LfP X L
R - h Z3\^L V3- Q zLv\^] X ŒG- h t TOX N W \ TOV M -ah V - h PL X`- Z3N W LfN2†gZ ] -pR _ X Lf_ X^- Q
$
&
Z3\ ; - h P -aRURg-pVW Q b \1~ X^-qW LfN2† Z - _3N3P9] W ]]pŒG-wh W L X`X \^M V.- Z - _eLf] -g- ] W Z - h V \ -„baTfRgRU- -ph W L VW N V3_3N3P] W ] -pVnoTOV3bwW \ TfV Z3N W-aR c3] - ] WWT N W L n Lf\ W
" &
KJL eMfN3P - 2Q ƒ  RUTOVW P -X LqZ3\^] W P\`_3N W \ TOV Z - ] W LfN2†Z - _3N3P9] W ]‰k L MLfN b - m-pWX L ]9N3c - Pc T ]\ W \ TOV
Z -g Z3\`] W P\^_.N W \ TOV ]Z -UW LfN2†SZ - _3N.P] W ] V3T P R L X \`]-ah - ]‰LfN V.TOR _3P - ZlŒ -aVW P-ah - ]a~c T N.PqZ - ]qtvL X`- N3P9]
Z - c3P-wh i<baTOR c W- Z3\ ;- h P -aVW- ] -pWˆX^-qR -p‚ Rg- ] - N.\ X Q K T N3P\ V \ W \^L X \`] - P X`- ] J ~ Ž ceLfPL R -pW P - ]] TOVW
V -ph ba- ]9]Lf\`P - ] Q zLf\^] Z3N.PL VWWT N W- ] X^- ]c.P\^] - ] Z - Z TOV3V -ah - ]p~€] - N X`- ]Z - N†Z&Œ -pV|W P -‰- N2† k X^- ] - N3\ X -wW
X^- c.P-wh i<baTOR c W- mTOVW -ph W -‰h RUT Z3\ - h ] Q
)&
Entries
Mean
RMS
2000
1800
75097
0.3425
0.2344
* +
0.05
0.04
1600
pc<50, th=30mV
Entries 11630
pc=50, th=30mV
Mean
0.30
RMS
0.25
pc>50, th=30mV
Entries 31955
1400
0.03
1200
Mean
0.36
RMS
0.26
Entries 25941
1000
0.02
800
Mean
0.34
RMS
0.19
600
400
0.01
200
35/
C
0
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0
0
1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
Taux de Bursts
? C 1q ?# .01 ? , / C 06 C 1 35. 06 # . C 1 Ca 35. E 6 L 17, .0176 C > 6 C 0, /2/q6 6 CQC , /21 ? /21e6 ’6 6 C
? C ? .01 ? , / % , ? 1=6 ? > C 3 ? 1706 C 0, /2/q6 6 C& , . .0/ C 6<. ? >06 + 3 A[LGC 6 3%’6 6 Cr 3%
35> 6<.‰06 ’6 RSE , A 176 L 6<1%/@, A 35> ? C 6 6 C 35. /@, A(# 6qA 6</21A’6 6 Ca
.Q ƒ  !
> 3‘ 1q #
Taux de Bursts
ƒ
:0 0 # KJL tvL X^- N3P7Z3N ] - N3\ X L N V3- \ V A N -pV3ba- Z3\^P -abwW- ]N.P X`- ] c TvWTOR N X`W \`c X \ i
b L W- N.P] 9 ZeL V ]:N VgR -p‚ Rg- -aV t\^P TOV3V3-pRg-pVW ] T N3] i<R fL P9\ V ~Z - N2†Uc3P9\^] - ]Z - Z TfV3V -ah - ] n Lf\ W- ] L,t -ab Z - ]
tvL X^- N3P]Z - ] - N.\ X Z3\ ; - h P -aVW- ]a~"t TOVW Z TOV3V3- PrZ - N2† X \^M V3- ] Z - _eLf] - Z3\ ;- h P -aVW- ]a~ T N X LUc X N3] eLfN WX \`M V3- Z - _3Lf] - ] - PL T _ W-aV N - L,t -pb X^- ] - N3\ XAX^- c X N.]}_eLf]p~ -wW t\ bp-wi t - P9]L Q K -qW LvN2† Z - _3N3P9] W ]] - PL
- h MOL X^-pRg-pV|W c X N3] n Lv\^_ X`- c T N3P7N V ] - N3\ X c X N3] eLvN W Q K - ] tvL X`- N3P9]7Z - ] - N3\ X N W \ X \^]-ah - ]] TOVW P- h ceLfP W \ - ]
-aVW P - ƒ“Ž‘R H -pW  sOs R H k m ~ R Lv\^] Os Z - ] c3P\`] - ] Z - Z TOV3V -ph - ] TfV|W -ph W -gh - ; -abwW N -ph - ]„L,t -pb N V
] - N3\ X Z - s R H k RUT \ V ]Z - ƒ s L,t -pb B 4  s R H ~ -pW 0 ƒx L t -abIB  s R H m Q X SL
Z TOV.b N V.-‰W P - ] n Lf\`_ X^- \ V A N -pV3ba- Z3N] - N3\ X:35/ > 6 0, /2/q6 6 k eMON3 P - 2Q ƒ  L„MLfN b -,m ~ -pWb T \`]\`P
N V ] - N3\ X Z -q s R H tvL„Z3\ R \ V N - P X^-V.TOR _3P - Z&Œ -pV|W P-ph - ]ZeL V ] X^- ] baX Lf]] - ] ] W L W \`] W \  N - ]qk$_.\ V ] m Z _eLf] W LfN2†‘Z - _3N.P] W ] Q
N"
C B&
C C
:0 K - c.P-wh i<baTOR c W-- ] W N V n L bwW- N3P R N X`W \`c X \ b L W \ n: N3\ V Œ‹Lc3Lf]
ZlŒ \ V A N -aV3bp- Z3\^P -abwW- ]9N3P X`- ] c TfWTfR N X`W \^c X \ b L W- N3P] Q K LfP bpTOVW P - ~ X`-gW LfN2† Z -dbpTOR c W LfM - k$Z TfV3b
X L X \`M V3- Z - _eLv] - ~ Z TOV3bYX^- W LfN2† Z - _3N3P] W ] mg- ] W ] -pV ]\`_ X^-pRg-pV|WRgT Z3\ - h c3LfP X`- c3P-wh i<baTOR c W- ‡
ZlŒ N V3- ceLfP W ceLvP X L‰Z.\^] b P-wh W \^]L W \ TOV„X \w-ah - LfNUc3P-(h i baTfR c W-rX N3\ i<R -p‚ Rg- k TOVgV Œ T _ W \ -aVW: N - Z - ] tvL X`- N3P9]
R N XuW \`c X^- ]qZ3N c3P-wh i<baTOR c W-,mq-pW ba-aX`X^-dX \w-ph - L X L R -ph RgT \`P -„W L R c TOV -pW ~ ZlŒ LfN W P - ceLvP W ceLvP X Œ LfN3M i
RU-aVW L W \ TOV Z3N W-aR c3] RUT P W Q K Œ LfN3M RU-aVW L W \ TfV Z3N[c3P-(h i bpTOR c W- LfN.M Rg-pVW- X LgZ3\^] b P-wh W \`]L W \ TOV -wW
LfN3M Rg-pV|W- X^- W LfN2† Z - _3N3P] W ]UkoZ3\^] W P\`_3N W \ TOV P T N3M - LvN i Z - ]]9N3]ˆZ - ] LfN W P - ]c T N3P E‘4 s ŽOm Q
X Œ \ V t - P] - ~N V c3P-wh i bpTOR c W- c X N3] n Lf\`_ X^- ~OLfN3M Rg-pV|W-7X^-W-aR c3] RgT P W ~ -pW Z3\ R \ V N -X^-W LfN2†„Z - _.N3P] W ]
k$Z.\^] W P\`_3N W \ TOV t - P W- LvN i Z - ]]9N3]}Z - ] „LvN W P - ]c T N.P E s uƒ“ŽOm Q
'&
'
-P V3- LgtvZ3L X^\`-] N3PP h Z \^- ]L c3P\ -wh i<baTOR
1 &
*
c W- - h ML X`- L Ž s„k X \^M V.- _ X`- N - eMfN3P - .Q ƒ m ] -aR _ X^- -w‚ W P - N VUbpTOR c3P TOR \^]
-aVW - X
b -pW W TfVY-wWX^-ˆW-pR c.] RgT P W Q KJL 3MON3P - .Q ƒ RUTOVW P -‰X^- ]}Z3\`] W P\^_.N W \ TOV ] Z - ] W LfN2†
Z - _3N.P] W ]„c T N.P X Lc - h P\ T Z -dbaTORUR N V.- Z - c3P9\^] - Z - Z TOV3V -ph - ]„ZeL V ] X^- ] noT P R L W ] KAs -wW j4J}z Q
X^X`- ]ˆ] TOVW -aV - ; -wW Lf]9] - ]\ R \ X Lf\`P - ] Q KJL RgT -pV3V3- Z.N W LvN2†SZ - _.N3P] W ] b L X^b N X -ph - L ceLfP W \^PˆZ - ]
KJs - ] W c X N3]-ph X^- ty-ph -  N - ba-pX^X^-qT _ W-aV N - L,t -ab„X`- ]ˆj4Jrz R Lf\`] -pX^X^- P - ] W- bpTOR ceL W \`_ X^- L,t -ab„bp-pWWZ - P V \ - P - ~ baTOR c W-W-aV NYZ - ] - P9P - N3P]]N3P X`- ] W LfN†‘Z - _3N3P9] W ] Q
1
P
Entries
Mean
RMS
350
&
10329
0.356
0.1222
Entries
Mean
RMS
300
300
250
250
200
10286
0.3311
0.1409
200
150
150
100
100
50
50
0
0
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0
0
1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
! ? C q1 ?# .01 ? , / C 06 C 1 35. 0 6 # . C 1 C , # 176</2. C 3 6 E > 6 C S 3 - 3 35. E 6 5 L 6<1-> 6 Cg - d3 % , ? 176 5 Lg , . > 3 M6 ? ,a06 E , A A .0/@6q06 ? C 6 0q6 0, /2/ 6 6 Ca
(L0) Taux de bursts
.Q ƒ 0.3
(CRM) Taux de bursts
0-F 10 0 0 % C 0 & C 04 C 0 0
KJLZ3\`] b N3]]9\ TOV eZ L V ] X L}] -abwW \ TfV 3c P-ph b - h Z -aVW- \ V Z3\  N - N -7X`- ]’c.P\^] - ]’Z - Z OT V3V -ph - ] P - h L X \^]-ph - ] L,t -ab
N V 3c P(- h i baTfR c W- Z - Ž 2s ~eZ TOV3V3-pVW Z - ] W LvN2† Z - pb TOR c W LfM - c X N3] c3P T2b - ]Z -‰X L P- h L X \ W - h Q zLf\^] bp- ]
VtX1*6\kiqX = ]m )SXd\Creqh%X
4
ƒŽ
&
c3P9\^] - ] Z - Z TOV3V -ph - ] TOVW -wh W -ˆh - ; -abwW N -ph - ] L„Z - ]c- h P9\ T Z - ] ceLfP W \ b N X \ - P - ] Q KJL 3MON3P - .Q ƒ“Ž RUTOVW P -ˆX L
Z3\`] W P9\^_3N W \ TfV Z - ]}Z3L W- ]LfN2†  N -pX^X^- ] X`- ]Z TOV3V -ah - ] TOVW -wh W -qh -aV P - MO\`] W P-ah - ] k$c3LfP‘-ph b eL VW \ X^X`TOV ] Z -Uƒ s
R \ V ] -aX^TfVUX`-b L X^b N X Z -7X L X \^M V3- Z - _eLv] - m ~L,t -pb Z3\ ;- h P -pV|W- ] bpT N X^- N3P] ] -aX`TOV„X^- ] c.P-wh i<baTOR c W- ] Q K - ]
.Q ƒ“Ž ! ? C 1A ?# .01 ? , / 06 C 35176 C 35. ,R
@ .26<> > 6 C > 6 C 0, /2/ 6 6 C , /21 6< 1e6 ? C 6 C - 3%
6 E 35/21 ? > > , / C 06 ' 3 A ? / 5 L 3 6 E ? M6 6</21=6 C
E , .0> 6<. C C 6<> , / > 6 C( ’6 RSE , A 1=6 c - h P\ T Z - ] T N X L X \`M V3- Z - _3Lf] - -wWX^-‰W LfN†Z - _3N3P9] W ]] TOVWX`- ]c X N3] -ph X^- ty- h ]a~ -aVW P - X^-Uƒ,- PˆzYLf\ -wW
X^-qƒ,- P4)fN3\ V Lf\ V ]9\  NlŒ LfN2†c3P -aR \ - P - ]c.P\^] - ]Z - Z TOV.V -ah - ]a~3] TOVW7ba-pX^X^- ]c -aV Z3L VW7X^- ]  N -aX`X^- ] X^- c3P-(h i
baTfR c W-ˆ- ] Wq4 Ž sk t - P W(m Q K - ]rc - h P\ T Z - ] T N Z - ] X \^M V3- ]7Z - ]r_3Lf] - ] TfV|WrX^- ] RgT \ V ]-ah X`- t -ah - ] k )fN3\ Vem
baT PP - ]c TOV Z -pVW LvN2† Z TfV3V -ah - ]ˆc3P\`] - ]ˆL,t -ab N V c3P-(h i bpTOR c W- Z -UŽ s Q ] W*i bp- N V3- baT V3b \`Z -aV.ba- ~ T N
N V P-ah -pX _3\^Lf\^] + - ] c.P-ah b - h Z -pVW ] W- ] W ]a~ ] - N X:X^- ƒ Q ƒ sL RgTfV|W P- h N V3- L bpW \`t\ W - h \ R c T P W L VW- k$N V3X \`M V3- Z - _eLf] - ]9N3c - h P\ - N3P - L ƒ“Ž s ! m ~ R Lv\^]LvN b N V‘V Œ L -ph W -h - ; -abpW N - h L X L V Z3N‘c3P9\ VW-pR c.] T N
LfN‘Z - h _3N W Z -ˆX ŒG-ph W -h T N X Œ L bpW \`t\ W - h P -pX^- t -ph - c3LfP X L X \^M V3- ] -abwW- N3P - ] WX L c X N3]7\ R c T P W L VW- Q + Œ Lfc3P - ]
X^- ]\ V2noT P R L W \ TOV ]yZ - ] T2b - h L V3T MOPLfc - ]p~ ba-wWW- c- h P9\ T Z - c3P- h ] -pVW-ˆ-aV- ; -wW N V3- c X N3] noT P W- L bpW \`t\ W - h
_3\ TOX N R \ V.- ] bp-aVW-[R Lf\^]  N.\ V3-[bpTOV3ba- P V3-  N - X`- ] TOV.- ] b Tf‚ W \ - P - ] -pW c - N T N RUT -aV.V3-aRU-aVW
c3P TfnoTOV Z - ] Q j -wWW- LfN3M Rg-pV|W L W \ TOV c3P T t\ -aV Z3PLf\ W Z.N Z - h t -pX^T c.c -pRg-pV|W Z - ]Z.\ V3T A LfM -aX`X - h ] R Lv\^] bp- ]
Z - P V \ - P] V.- ] - PLf\ W c X N3]’c.P- h ] -aVW ] L X L}c.P TfnoTOV Z - N3P Z&Œ
ƒ * Q X3- ] W Z TOV3bnoT P W c3P T _eLf_ X`N lŒ \ X ]pŒ‹LfMf\^]] - ZlŒ N V3-„baT V3b \`Z -aV3bp-„-pW‰ NlŒ N V c3P-wh i<baTOR c W- Z -Ž s‘] T \ W N V P-ah -pX baTOR c3P TfR \`] -aVW P X L Z.\^] b P-wh W \^]L W \ TOV‘-pW X`-W-aR c3] RUT P W Q
O,P
P
;76 6
1
&
> @ [email protected] 9F @> H> . I.> [E {H>
eI|E3I
KJL eMfN3P - .Q ƒ k -aV eLfN W ~ L MLvN b - mRUTOVW P -X^- ] W LvN2†Z - _.N3P] W ] -aVnoTOV.bpW \ TOV Z -X L X \`M V3- Z _eLf] - ~ c T N3P WT N W- ] X^- ]Z TOV3V -ph - ]gk1j4Jrz m-pWWT N3] X^- ]ˆKj7z Z TfV|W‰X`- ]  J ] TOVW ]N3c - P9c T ]- h ] Q
N3P ba-pW9W- eMfN3P - ~ TOV V3- c - N W ceLf]t T \^PrZ - baT P9P -pX L W \ TOVYbaX Lv\^P -q-aVW P - X^- ] X \`M V3- ]rZ - ]_3Lf] - -wWˆX^- ]
LW vN2†‘Z - _3N3P9] W ] Q zLf\`] TOV c - N W Z- h V \^P Z - N† P - Mf\ TOV ]&‡
i N V W P9\ L V M X^- Z - c.N3\^] X^- ]rc X N.]}_eLf]}LfN c X N3] 3LfN W ] W LfN2†YZ - _3N3P9] W ] k$Z - s L ƒ“m c T N.P}Z - ] X \`M V3- ]
Z - _3Lf] - _eLv]] - ]‰k10  s ! m ~ N3]  NlŒ LfN‘c X N3] eLvN W ] W LfN2†Z - _3N.P] W ]‰k M ƒ m c T N3P X`- ]c X N3] 3LfN W- ]
s ! mQ
X \`M V3- ]7Z - _eLf] - kŠ0  sO5
i N V3- TOV3- Z -ˆW P - ] n Lf\^_ X`-}W LvN2†‘Z - _3N3P9] W ] k s s ŽOm c T N3P WT N W-ˆX \^M V3- Z - _eLf] - Q
K - W P9\ L V M X^-‰baT P9P - ]c TOV Z LZ - ]c - h P9\ T Z - ] T N X Œ L bwW \`t\ W -‰h - ] W ]\ \ VW-aV ] -  N - X L X \`M V3- Z - _eLv] - - ] W
X L X \ R \ W- \ V.n - h P9\ - N3P - Z3N W LfN2† Z -UbpTOR c W LfM - ~ -wWˆV3TOV[X L bpTOR c T ]L VW- bpTOVW \ V N - k baTORURU- ]N3P X L
eMON.P - .Q ƒ \ V.n - h P\ - N3P - m Q +L V ] bp- b Lf]a~ X L X \`M V3- Z - _eLf] -V Œ - ] W c X N3] N V _ TfV - ] W \ R L W- N3P Z -‘X L
baTfR c T ]L V|W-ˆbaTOVW \ V N - Q
MLfN b - Z -‰ba-W P\ L V M X^- ~ X^- ] X \^M V3- ]7Z - _eLv] - Z -‰W P - ] n Lv\^_ X`- ]tvL X^- N3P]Lf]9] Tb \w-ah - ] L WT N W- tfL X^- N.P
Z -W LfN2† Z - _.N3P] W ]a~ c3P T t\ -pV3V3-aVW Z - ] c3P9\^] - ] Z - Z TOV3V -ph - ]„L,t -pb N V ] - N3\ X c X N3]S-ph X^- t - h Q KJL TfV3Z -‰W P - ] n Lf\`_ X^- ] W LfN2† Z - _3N3P9] W ]}c T N3P WT N W- ]tfL X^- N.P]Z - X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] - c3P T t2\ -aVW Z - ]}c.P\^] - ]rZ Z TOV.V -ah - ] n Lf\ W- ]L,t -ab N V c3P-wh i<baTOR c W- -ah X^- ty- h Q j -pb \’] - baTfV ] W L W- -pV baTOR ceLfPL VWX^- ] eMfN3P - ]c T N.P
X^- ]c3P-wh i<baTOR c W- 4 Ž sk -pV _eLf]p~ L Z3P T \ W- m -pW Ž sk -aV _eLv]a~ LqMLfN b -,m Q N3P bp- ] eMfN3P - ]a~ TOV t T \ W
LfN3]9]\ X Œ \ V A N -pV3ba- Z3N‘c3P-wh i<baTOR c W- ]9N3P X L Z.\^] b P-wh W \^]L W \ TOV k$c X N3] noT P W- c T N3P X`- ]c.P-wh i<baTOR c W- ] c X N.]
&
&
+
*
P
C
&
QO P $
O,P
&
* +
.
ƒ
,
+
&
,&
P
.Q ƒ 35. 06 # . C 1 C 6</ , / E 1 ? , / 06 C > ? /@6 C 06 # 3 C 6 LS , . 71 , .01=6 C > 6 C 0, /2/ 6 6 C - 6</
35.01 L 3 35. E 6 5 Ls , . "! M Ž s - 6</ 35.01 LS3 % , ? 1=6 5 Lc , . "! Ž s - 6</ # 3 C?LS3 35. E 6 5 L 6<1
, . e!g4 Ž s - 6</ # 3 C?L 3 35. E 6 5f 6 C!+ E , .> 6<. C C , /21 , .> 6 Ca+ A a, 5.0> 6 C , 1 [email protected] .26 C?Ls , .
1=, . C > 6 C 6< 1 3 6 Ca
a- h X`- t - h ] m Q V P -aR LfP  N - - h ML X`-aRU-aVW N V3-ˆbaTfV3ba-pV|W PL W \ TOV Z - c T \ VW ]&‡
i L n Lf\^_ X^-X \^M V3- Z - _eLf] -‰-pW7n Lv\^_ X`-}W LfN†‘Z - _3N3P9] W ]c T N3P "! Ž s
i L eLfN W-ˆX \^M V3- Z - _eLf] -q-wW eLfN W7W LfN2†‘Z - _3N.P] W ]rc T N3P e!4 Ž s Q
+L V ] X^-b Lf]’Z - ] Z TOV3V -ph - ]yc3P9\^] - ]yL,t -ab’e! M Ž s„k -aV e