IN PAST SIMPLE 1 • I was born in Laos. • A box of chocolate was bought last week. • They were surprised by the news. FORM They were surprised by the news. was/were + past particple I was born in Laos. PAST CONTINUOUS 2 • She was being followed. • The room was being cleaned. • They were being given the information when you arrived. FORM She was being followed. was/were being + past particple They were being given the information PAST PERFECT 3 • I had been noticed about the problem. • This house had been painted blue before it was given a fresh coat of paint. • This guitar had been tuned before I broke a string . FORM This guitar had been tuned had been + past particple I had been noticed about the problem. USE • The bridge was built in 1876. (finished action in the past) • The bomb was being defused when it exploded. (interrupted past activity) • The letter didn’t arrive because it had been sent to my old address. (one action before another action in the past) Note The uses are the same in the passive as in the active.