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Freshmen Committee #9
Nuclear Proliferation
Hello, my name is Kennedy Farrell, and I will be one of your co-chairs at
SOCOMUN this year! I am a senior at SMCHS, and this is my third year involved in
MUN, as I entered the program in my sophomore year. Model United Nations has
become a big part in my life, and a big part in shaping my previous two years of high
school. It has broadened my mind to the world we live in, and to the issues that people,
and countries face globally. Through Model United Nations, I have developed better
speaking skills, and found a love for debate, which I hope to utilize as a Lawyer for
International Affairs in the future. I have participated in numerous MUN conferences and
traveled to London, England with my school for a conference my junior year. Outside of
MUN, I spend my free time playing golf on the SMCHS team in the fall, or running track
in the spring. I am also involved in National Charity League, in addition to serving at the
Laura’s House ReSale Store.
I will do my best to ensure that SOCOMUN is a positive experience. For some of
you it will be your first conference! Model United Nations is an opportune way to make
friends in committee, while discussing issues of great importance. We will begin
discussing the topic, Nuclear Proliferation, in debate, where you will voice your countries
resolutions to the committee. You will have a chance to discuss those resolutions with
others during cacaus, which is a time to find other countries who take a similar stance as
you regarding the topic. When you have found others who maintain the same country
policy as you, you will create a resolution, which will be voted on during committee. If
you have any questions, do not hesitate to email me at [email protected] . I
look forward to making your acquaintance in committee, and wish you the best of luck in
your overall experience as a delegate in this committee!
By definition, nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, nuclear
knowledge, and nuclear materials since the development of nuclear weapons technology
in the United States. In the year of 1954, advancement in nuclear technology became
apparent when the United States and Russia had both created the first Hydrogen Bomb,
known short as the H-bomb. The H-bomb is a weapon of mass destruction as high
amounts of energy, which causes fusion of hydrogen nuclei. By October 16, 1964, the
five countries of the United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, and China had the
power to develop nuclear weapons. As consequential to the increasing number of
countries developing technology for the intended use of nuclear weapons, the United
States and the Soviet Union issued a Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons, the official name of the NPT July 1, 1968.
The enforcement of the NPT on March 5, 1970, divided countries into two
groups. The first being the five countries who already had nuclear capability, and the
second being the countries who had not already developed nuclear technology. The treaty
states that all five of the countries who have developed nuclear technology are not to use
it to release weapons, or assist any states in developing their own technology. This
reiterates another clause of the treaty which prohibits non-nuclear countries from
developing nuclear weapons. In regards to the countries known to have nuclear
capability, the NPT states they are legally obligated to disarm their weapons and halt the
arms race. Other states known to have nuclear arms, but have failed to sign on to the NPT
treaty are India, Israel, and Pakistan. The only state to have withdrawn from the treaty is
North Korea in the year of 2003, and as consequence, tested weapons in 2006, 2009, and
2013. Although the NPT was created with the intent of diminishing nuclear proliferation
as a whole globally, it is simply not so as seen in past variables throughout history.
Although some of those variables proved to be minimal in terms of casualties,
such as India’s first nuclear test in 1974, and an explosion thought to be set off by South
Africa in the Indian Ocean, the casualties have been adding up in a step towards nuclear
proliferation. Other variables have been of immense priority, such as the revelation of
Israel’s nuclear program inclusive of two hundred nuclear weapons in 1986 by nuclear
connoisseur Mordechai Vanunu. Steps towards these minimal and extensive issues have
been confronted by programs such as the signing of the nuclear test ban in 1996, which
India refused to sign, but was supported by China, France, United Kingdom, Russia, and
the United States. To this date, the Unites States has still not ratified the Comprehensive
Test Ban Treaty. The United Nations is continuing the fight on nuclear weapons through
Resolution 1540, created in 2004 to secure International Peace and Security from nuclear,
chemical, and biological weapons.
Possible Solutions:
When creating solutions for the intent of fighting this issue, keep in mind any
current laws which are already in place, and any solutions which have already been
attempted. Remember, all solutions are viable regardless of funding, as that is dealt with
in the 5th committee and the World Bank. Feel free to take any of the following solution
into consideration, but also remember to be unique when writing your own! Keep in mind
your country’s policy regarding nuclear weapons, as whether they are for developing
them or not (think of the NPT). I am looking forwards to seeing how your country plans
to confront nuclear proliferation!
In order to confront nuclear proliferation, one could retreat back to the original
treaty of Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Although times were different at the
creation of this treaty, the treaty could be fulfilled in disarmament of nuclear weapons in
reference to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The United States could be
encouraged in taking initiative to ratify the treaty, confirming they will not engage in a
test explosion, or encourage other test explosions. By doing so, they will join the one
hundred and fifty seven countries who have ratified the treaty, and influence Pakistan,
India, China, Israel, and North Korea to ratify as well.
In addition, the IAEA will be encouraged to perform consistent inspection of
nuclear facilities, and perform inventory inspections to ensure no multiplication of
nuclear weapons or technology to do so. In order to keep creation of nuclear weapons
monitored, we need to enforce political and economic pressure with the use of sanctions
if a country is found guilty of harboring nuclear weapons despite any treaties signed, as
well as hold the United Nations accountable for taking note of securing on fissile
materials in all Nations.
Questions to consider:
The following questions are provided for consideration for the duration of your research,
but no direct answers are required at the conference.
1. Regarding the issue, what is your countries policy? Is your country apart of the NonProliferation of Nuclear Weapons treaty?
2. If your country is a part of the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons treaty, which
side is it on? Is it apart of the five superpowers?
3. If your country is not a part of the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons treaty, why?
Has your country developed nuclear weapons illegally?
4. If your country has developed nuclear weapons illegally, did it do so with the
assistance of another country? If so, which? What is that country’s stance in terms of the
5. Has your country participated in any test explosions involving nuclear weapons? If so,
where? Was the intent behind the test peaceful? What type of weapons is your country
6. Is your country one of one hundred and fifty seven to ratify the Comprehensive Test
Ban Treaty (CTBT)? Have they upheld the two clauses stated in that treaty?
7. Taking into account the NPT and CTBT, is your country for eradication of all nuclear
weapons globally? If not, why?
8. If nuclear proliferation was inevitable, what defense would your country have against
others in the event of war?
Works Cited
"1540 Committee - Security Council Committee Established Pursuant to
Resolution 1530(2004)." UN News Center. UN, 2004. Web. 04 Apr. 2014.
"50 Facts About U.S. Nuclear Weapons."The Brookings Institution. N.p., n.d.
Web. 4 Apr. 2014.<
Martin, William. "Nuclear Power - Proliferation." Encyclopedia Britannica
Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.
< 421749/nuclearpower/309675/Proliferation>.
"Nuclear Disarmament Resource Collection." NTI: Nuclear Threat Initiative.
James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 21 Oct. 2013. Web. 04
Apr. 2014. <>.
" Nuclear Proliferation" N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2014.
"Nuclear weapons thefacts." New Internationalist All posts RSS. N.p., n.d. Web.
4 Apr.2014.<>.
"Nuclear weapons timeline." ICAN. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2014.
"Taking Forward Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament Negotiations." The United
Nations Office atGeneva. UN, n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.
"Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)." United Nations
Office on Drugsand Crime. UN, n.d. Web. 04 Apr.
"UNODA Nuclear
Weapons Home." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2014.
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