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Multiverses
{
by Chandler Anderson & Cooper O’Brien
Interview with Michio Kaku:
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39q
mbl7mpJQ (0:00 to 2:37)
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39q
mbl7mpJQ#t=5m20s (5:20 to 9:09)
From Universes to Multiverses
mul·ti·verse: An infinite realm
of being or potential being of
which the universe is regarded
as a part or instance.
 Coined in 1895 by the
American philosopher and
psychologist William James.

What is a Multiverse?
According to Kaku, black holes
could be connected to “white
holes”, out of which new universes
are created.
 This could explain a link between
our universe and other “baby
universes” which stem off of our
universe.

Origin of a Universe
Our Universe
New Universes

We are unable to perceive parallel
universes because they exist past
our past and future light cones
(space and time which we can
influence).
Light & Other Universes
Light & Other Universes
Multiverses provide a possible
explanation of dark matter
 “The source of dark matter is
gravitational attraction from nearby
parallel universes of the multiverse
which we are constantly branching to
and from.” – Rob Bryanton
 Gravity travels across dimensions.

Dark Matter
Level I: Beyond our cosmological
horizon
 Level II: Universes with different
physical constants
 Level III: Many-worlds
interpretation of quantum mechanics
 Level IV: Ultimate Ensemble
 Each level can incorporate the levels
below it.

Max Tegmark's Four Levels
Level I: Beyond our
cosmological horizon
 There are an infinite
number Hubble volumes,
all of which are governed
by the same physical
constants and laws.

Max Tegmark's Four Levels
Level II: Universes with
different physical
constants
 There are “bubble
universes” that exist in
close proximity to each
other, but they are all
governed by the same
physical constants and
laws.

Max Tegmark's Four Levels



Level III: Many-worlds interpretation of
quantum mechanics
Every time a chance event occurs, the universe
is split and a universe is created for each
possibility.
Schrodinger's Cat
Max Tegmark's Four Levels
Level IV: Ultimate Ensemble
 There are other sets of universes which
exist under different mathematical
structures.
 Tegmark’s own hypothesis: “Our external
physical reality is a mathematical
structure”

2+2=5?
Max Tegmark's Four Levels

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v
=ySBaYMESb8o (0:00-2:36)
Conclusion






http://www.fourmilab.ch/documents/gtpp/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiverse
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39qmbl7m
pJQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySBaYMES
b8o
http://imaginingthetenthdimension.blogspot.co
m/2007/05/multiverse-and-dark-matter_17.html
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010
/04/100409-black-holes-alternate-universemultiverse-einstein-wormholes/
References
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