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Group Member:
Rebecca. Sarah
 Voc.
 Dramatization
of the poem
 Paraphrase
 Introduction
 Structure
 Contrast
 Conclusion
(Theme/Main idea)
Hearth (N) A hearth is the floor of a fireplace, which
sometimes extends into the room.
--It was winter and there was a huge fire roaring in the
 Mete (Verb) (formal) to give sb a punishment; to
make sb suffer bad treatment.
-- Severe penalties were meted out by the court.
 Lee (N) the side or part of sth that provides
shelter against the wind.
--We built the house in the lee of the hill.
Dole (Verb) to give out an amount of food,
money, etc. to a number of people in a group.
--The landlord doles his servant unequally.
 Hoard (Verb) to collect and keep large
amounts of food, money, etc., especially
--The king hoards a lot of money for the war.
 Thro’ = through
 Scud (Verb) (literary) (of clouds) to move
quickly across the sky.
--Puffy white clouds were scudding past.
Drift (N) the movement of the sea or air.
--The general direction of drift on the east
coast is very unsteady.
 Dim (Adj) where you cannot see well because
there is not much light.
--It’s very dangerous to walk along a dim
street at night.
 Climates (N) a general attitude or feeling; an
atmosphere or a situation which exists in a
particular place.
--We need to create a climate in which business
can prosper.
 Council (N) (formal) (especially in the past) a
formal meeting to discuss what action to take
in a particular situation.
--The King held a council at Nottingham from
14 to 19 October 1330.
 Margin (N) the empty space at the side of a
written or printed page.
--Notes scribbled in the margin
Fade (Verb) to disappear gradually.
--His voice faded to a whisper
 Yearn (Verb) (literary) to want sth very much,
especially when it is very difficult to get.
--There was a yearning look in his eyes.
 Scepter (N) a decorated rod carried by a king or
queen at ceremonies as a symbol of their power.
--Scepter is a symbol of power that many people want
to get it.
Isle (N) used especially in poetry and names
to mean ‘island’
--the Isle of Skye
 Discern (Verb) to know, recognize or
understand sth, especially sth that is not
--It is possible to discern a number of
different techniques in her work.
Prudence (N) sensible and careful when you
make judgements and decisions
--Maybe you'll exercise a little more financial
prudence next time.
 Subdue (Verb) to bring sb/sth under control,
especially by using force
--Troops were called in to subdue the rebels.
 Sphere (N) an area of activity, influence or
interest; a particular section of society
--He and I moved in totally different social
Wrought = work
 Toil (Verb) to work very hard and/or for a
long time
--Hundreds of men toiled for years at building
the pyramid.
 Hath = have
 Smite (Verb) to have a great effect on sb,
especially an unpleasant or serious one
--Suddenly my conscience smote me.
Furrow (N) a long narrow cut in the ground,
especially one made by a plough for planting
seeds in.
--Dark ploughed earth, with white chalk in the
Paraphrase-First Stanza
The only advantage that an admirable king can
have is standing beside a warm fireplace, and
matched with an aged wife. I punished the
savage people with unequal laws, but the
treasures, sleep, and feed are not mine, for I
cannot rest from travel, or I will have nothing for
the rest of my life. I have greatly enjoyed and
suffered all times with whom loved me alone
when sailing quickly through the dim sea to
Hyades Vext on shore. I became a name, for
always roaming with a hungry heart. I have seen
and known much and was delight for the battle
with my peers about the cities of men, manners,
climates, councils and governments, not least
myself, and honored all of them., which were far
on the plains of windy Troy.
Paraphrase—First Stanza
I am not little, but they should be honored and enjoy
the victory with my people. At the wide open filed of
Troy, I have become a part of all that I have
encountered. Experiences are like beams that
untravelled the world shining through an arch on me
whenever I move. It is a dull thing to pause, to make
no use of the useless and rather to make the best of
the things good to use. It is great to breather life, but
life is too little, especially mine. A bringer from the
eternal silence had brought something vile. I would
like to store the precious for myself, but the gray
spirit was always yearning in desire to follow the true
knowledge, which is the utmost of human knowledge,
like a sinking star.
Second Stanza
This is my own son Telemachus. The one I love. I left
my scepter and the isle to him and he was discerning
to fulfill this labor. He slowly and mildly conquered a
rugged people under prudence. Through the soft
process, he made them good and obeyed. He is
nothing to blame. He centered the power and
executed the duties on the people. He couldn’t be
failed in paying highly worship to my household gods
and be tender to the people when I was gone. He did
his jobs well, but I did mine.
Third Stanza
The vessel puffs its sail in the port. The broad seas
are dark and glooming. The mariners with me are
toiled. You and I are old and have yet got the honor
and toil. Although death I coming, some works of
noble note should be done before the end of life. I
am the man who strives with god. The day wanes
and the moon climbs, and there are so many deep
voices around me and encourages me that it was not
too late to seek a new world. Go away; I am ready to
smite the surrounding furrows. I want to sail beyond
the sunset and bath in all the western stars until I die.
Maybe I will be wash down at the gulf or touch the
happy isle. Probably I can meet great Achilles.
Although we do not own the strength in the old days,
we are one equal temper of heroic hearts. Perhaps
we are weaker by the time and fate, but still will to
strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.
 Main
Ulysses want to continue a
challenging and adventured life
instead of staying stable to death.
Homer’s and Dante’s Ulysses
In this poem, Tennyson reworks the figure of Ulysses by
drawing on the ancient hero of Homer's Odyssey and the
medieval hero of Dante's Inferno. Homer's Ulysses, learns
from a prophecy that he will take a final sea voyage after
killing the suitors of his wife Penelope. The details of this
sea voyage are described by Dante in the Inferno: Ulysses
finds himself restless in Ithaca and driven by "the longing I
had to gain experience of the world."
Dante's Ulysses is a tragic figure who dies while sailing too
far in an insatiable thirst for knowledge. Tennyson
combines these two accounts by having Ulysses make his
speech shortly after returning to Ithaca and resuming his
administrative responsibilities, and shortly before
embarking on his final voyage.
This poem is written as a dramatic monologue:
the entire poem is spoken by a single character,
whose identity is revealed by his own words. The
lines are in blank verse, or unrhymed iambic
pentameter, which serves to impart a fluid and
natural quality to speech. Many of the lines are
enjambed, which means that a thought does not
end with the line-break; the sentences often end
in the middle, rather than the end, of the lines.
The use of enjambment is appropriate in a poem
about pushing forward "beyond the utmost bound
of human thought." Finally, the poem is divided
into four paragraph-like sections, each of which
comprises a distinct thematic unit of the poem.
Structure--Dramatic Monologue
Tennyson takes on the persona of an
unhappy king that is not satisfied until he
is once again traveling. He makes allusions
to Achilles assuming the reader already
knows who he is.
Tennyson wrote “Ulysses” in blank verse
to keep Ulysses speech more natural.
A dramatic monologue is used because
Ulysses is the only speaker throughout
the entire poem.
Structure--Detail analysis
Listener—Mariner (already died)
Audience—Readers (now)
Analysis on the poem
First stanza—soliloquy (a speech in a play, in which a
character alone on the stage speaks his or her thoughts
aloud p.1772)
sentense1~5: mono syllabus, giving heavy feeling.
6~21:recalling the journey he had with his
mariners. His
glory, also inferred his greatness.
His travels have exposed him to many different types of
people and ways of living. They have also exposed him to
the "delight of battle" while fighting the Trojan War with his
men. His glory brings him empty and hollowness, so he
wants to go on for his glory.
Second stanza
Ulysses now speaks to an unidentified audience
concerning his son Telemachus, who will act as his
successor while the great hero resumes his travels: he says,
"This is my son, mine own Telemachus, to whom I leave the
scepter and the isle." He speaks highly but also
patronizingly of his son's capabilities as a ruler, praising his
prudence, dedication, and devotion to the gods.
Telemachus will do his work of governing the island while
Ulysses will do his work of traveling the seas: "He works
his work, I mine."
Third Stanza
Third stanzaIn the final stanza, Ulysses addresses the mariners
with whom he has worked, traveled, and weathered life's storms
over many years. He declares that although he and they are old,
they still have the potential to do something noble and honorable
before "the long day wanes." He encourages them to make use of
their old age because "'tis not too late to seek a newer world." He
declares that his goal is to sail onward "beyond the sunset" until
his death. Perhaps, he suggests, they may even reach the "Happy
Isles," or the paradise of perpetual summer described in Greek
mythology where great heroes like the warrior Achilles were
believed to have been taken after their deaths. Although Ulysses
and his mariners are not as strong as they were in youth, they are
"strong in will" and are sustained by their resolve to push onward
relentlessly: "To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield."
Compare between Home & Adventure
Going Home
The hoard, and sleep, and feed, and know not me.
I cannot rest from travel; I will drink
Life to the lees. All times I have enjoyed greatly.
How dult it is to pause, to make an end.
To rust unburished, not to shine in use!
And this gray sprint yearning in desire
To follow knowledge like a sinking star,
Beyond the utmost bound of human thought.
Continuing the Adventure
I. Deal with the age problem
Free hearts, free foreheads, - you and I are old;
Old age hath yet his honor and his toil.
One equal temper of heroic hearts,
Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will
To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.
II. Convince that it is consider great to do so
Death closes all; but something ere the end.
Some work of noble note, may be yet done.
Moans round with many voices. Come, my friends.
‘Tis not too late to seek a newer world.
III. No doubt at all in his mind
To sail beyond the sunset, and the baths
Of all western stars, until I die.
It may be that the gulfs will wish us down;
It may be we shall touch the Happy Isles,
Figurative language
1. Metaphor: “I will drink / Life to the lees”
(6-7) His is saying that he is going to get
everything out of life that he can.
2. Metaphor- '"'From that eternal silence,
something more,'"' (27). The eternal
silence mentioned here is meaning death.
3. Metaphor- '"'There lies the port,'"' (44). The port is a
metaphor for his life. They are sailing into
the sunset of life.
Imagery used
1. Visual imagery: “And this gray spirit yearning in desire”(30).
He is using the word '"'grey'"' to describe his old, aged spirit.
2. Visual imagery: “There gloom the dark, broad seas”(45).
Ulysses is describing the sea. He is telling how broad it is and
the dark gloominess of it.
3. Visual imagery: “To sail beyond the sunset, and the baths / Of
all the western stars”(60-61). In these two lines, the reader
picture the black silhouette of a boat sailing into the
sunset. Then
late at night, the stars curtain the western sky.
Victorian character
the sustaining idea was the idea of progress-growth of industry and trade; social progress in
concern for the poor; progress toward democratic
government; scientific progress; discoveries of
Charles Darwin about the facts of creation and
evolution; moral progress in terms of the ideals
of purity and of family life and domesticity. This
ceaseless activity is captured in a few lines from
his poem "Ulysses":
One equal temper of heroic hearts,
Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will
To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield (68-70)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Alfred Tennyson was born August 6th, 1809 and
died on October 6, 1892, at the age of 83.
Tennyson worries about money all his life. He
also had a lifelong fear of mental illness. In 1827
Tennyson escaped the troubled atmosphere of his
home to Cambridge, and became famous there.
He joined the Apostles In 1829, and met his best
friend Arthur Hallam's there. The success of his
1842 Poems made Tennyson a popular poet, and
in 1845 he received a Civil List pension. The
success of "The Princess" and In Memoriam and
his appointment in 1850 as Poet Laureate finally
established him as the most popular poet of the
Victorian era.
As a child, Tennyson was influenced profoundly by the
poetry of Byron and Scott, and his earliest poems reflect
the lyric intensity and meditative expressiveness of his
Romantic forebears. However, unlike the Romantics, whose
nature poems present a scene that raises an emotional or
psychological problem; Tennyson uses nature as a
psychological category. Not only is Tennyson a poet of the
natural and psychological landscape, he also attends
frequently to the past, and historical events. In addition to
treating the history of his nation, Tennyson also explores
the mythological past, as articulated in classical works of
Homer, Virgil, and Dante. His Ulysses draws upon actual
incidents in Homer's Odyssey. Tennyson thus looked both to
historical and mythological pasts as repositories for his
ln dramatic monologues, the character of the
speaker emerges almost unintentionally from his
own words. Ulysses' incompetence as a ruler is
evidenced by his preference for potential quests
rather than his present responsibilities.
He devotes a full 26 lines to his own egotistical
proclamation of his zeal for the wandering life,
and another 26 lines to the exhortation of his
mariners to roam the seas with him. However, he
offers only 11 lines of lukewarm praise to his son
concerning the governance of the kingdom in his
absence, and a mere two words about his "aged
wife" Penelope. Thus, the speaker's own words
betray his abdication of responsibility and his
specificity of purpose.
Work Cited
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