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Unit 3
Future forms
The form we choose for the future
depends on our relationship to a
future event
The form used will depend on a person’s
intentions, how certain they are that something
will happen, and how much control they have
over what will happen.
I. Predictions
1. Future will
2. Future going to
3. Future continuous
4. Future Perfect
1. We use will to predict or make
guesses about future events.
Who do you think will win the
It will rain early in the morning and
then (will) clear up later in the day.
Who’s that latter from? It’ll be from
the bank I expect.
2. When we have external evidence or
support for what we are saying, we
often use going to.
Be careful! You’re going to break it. (You
can see the object slipping)
Don’t give it to the baby, she’ll only break
it. (Based on your knowledge of children)
The Future Continuous is used for
actions that are going on now and which
we think will progress into the future.
Ex: They’ll be working on this project
till next spring.
The Future Continuous is also used
when we project ourselves into the
future and see something happening.
Ex: This time next week we’ll be lying on
the beach in Tenerife
We use the Future Perfect when we
project ourselves into the future and look
back to say whether an action has been
Ex: Will you have finished writing the report
by the time I get back?
The Future Perfect is also used to
speculate about the present.
Ex: Do you think they will have left by now or
will they still be at home?
II. Scheduled events
1. Present Simple
2. Future will
1. Simple Present
We usually talk about scheduled future events
outside our control using the Present Simple.
The election booths close at midnight.
The new TV drama starts at eight –
The train leaves in half an hour.
2. Future will
We can talk about official future events
using the Present Simple or Will.
The ceremony begins/ will begin in a
few minutes.
III. Decisions - will
We use will to react to events that have just
happened or something that has just been
The phone’s ringing, can someone answer
it? OK, I’ll get it.
What would you like to drink? I’ll have a
beer, please.
IV. Intensions and decisions
Going to
Future Continuous
1. Going to
We use going to when we have already
made a decision, or to talk about
Ex: I’m going to apply for another job.
Are you going to carry on using the
computer or can I turn it off?
2. Future Continuous
Using the Future Continuous is a polite
way to ask other people about their
intensions without trying to influence
Will you be needing any more help with
this, or can I go home now?
 Will you be seeing Michael next week? If
so, could you give him this?
V. Plans and arrangements
1. Present Continuous
2. Future Continuous
1. Present Continuous
The Present Continuous is used to talk
or ask about plans and arrangements.
 I’m selling my house my house. We’re
moving to Brighton.
 Are you doing anything interesting this
2. Future Continuous
We use the Future Continuous to talk
about situations outside our control.
- Ms Southern will be arriving on the
six o’clock flight.
- The company won’t be closing down
till the end of the year.
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