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Time Expression with Hacer
(asking / telling how long
something has been going on)
Time Expression with Hacer
Describes an action that began
in the past and has continued
into the present time and may
continue in the future.
ex: I have been living in SC for
20 years.
Time Expression with Hacer
 Formula
 Hace + time+ que+ Pronoun + present tense
verb
 I have been studying Spanish for 3 years.
 Hace tres años que yo estudio español.
 They have been studying English for 5 years.
 Hace cinco años que ellos estudian inglés.
Time Expression with Hacer
Practice
Use: Hace + time+ que+ Pronoun +present
tense verb
1. Ellos / correr / 2 meses.
They have been running for 2 months.
2. Yo / jugar al golf / 3 días.
I have been playing golf for 3 days.
3. Tú / cocinar / 3 años.
You have been cooking for 3 years.
Time Expression with Hacer
Answers
Use: Hace + time+ que+ present tense verb
1. Ellos / correr . 2 meses.
They have been running for 2 months.
Hace dos meses que ellos corren.
2. Yo / jugar al golf / 3 días.
I have been playing golf for 7 days.
Hace siete días que yo juego al golf.
3. Tú / cocinar / 3 años.
You have been cooking for 3 years.
Hace tres años que tu cocinas.
Time Expression with Hacer
 To make it a negative expression, add
no to the pattern in front of the
conjugated verb.
Hace + time+ que+ Pronoun + NO
present tense verb
Time Expression with Hacer
Hace + time+ que+ Pronoun +NO present
tense verb
 Yo / no estudiar español / un año
I have not studied Spanish for a year.
Hace un año que yo no estudio español.
Time Expression with Hacer
 How do you ask what length of time an
action has been taking place?
 ¿Cuánto tiempo hace que + pronoun +
present tense verb?
 ¿Cuánto may change if the vocabulary
for time is masculine or feminine and
singular and plural.
 Ex: ¿Cuántas semanas hace que visitas
NY?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How long has your mom been cooking?.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
My mom has been cooking for 2 hours.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How long have the students been taking notes?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
The students have been taking notes for 15 minutes.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How long have you and Pablo been
friends?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
Pablo and I have been friends for 20 years.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How long is it since you called?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
I haven’t called for a many years.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How long has your father been working
In the garden?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
My father has been working in the garden all morning.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How long has your sister been studying for the
Spanish test?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
My sister has been studying for three
hours for the Spanish Test.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How many years have you been taking piano lessons?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
I have been playing piano for 3 years and 5 months.
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
How long have you been married?
¡PRACTIQUEMOS!
We’re married for more than 20 years.
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