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Developing Decision-Making
and Judgment Skills with
WebQuests
Bernie Dodge
San Diego State University
http://edweb.sdsu.edu/webquest/decision/
Teaching Decision Skills
Why is this important?
How do we do it with WebQuests?
How might we do it better?
A Thought Experiment
Tomorrow, Apple will open the first two of
25 retail stores to open in 2001.
One is in the Glendale Galleria.
Word on the Street…
Rumor has it that Steve Jobs will be there
There may be fabulous giveaways
It’s a pivotal moment in Apple history
There may be a new something unveiled
Decisions, Decisions
If you left the CUE conference early
tomorrow, you could be there.
What will you do?
Debriefing
Values?
Alternatives?
Probabilities?
Uncertainty?
Importance
We make decisions in
everyday life, and
sometimes have to
reconcile our choices
with choices made by
those around us.
Importance
We expect
professionals
to have a rich
set of
decisionmaking
strategies.
Importance
In a dot com
economy,
decisions
need to be
made fast and
well.
Importance
We expect the
next
generation of
citizens to be
able to vote
intelligently.
Importance
Today’s
children will
face far more
career and life
choices than
did our
generation.
What kinds of lessons are there?
Deciding on a personal course of action
Developing an informed opinion
Ranking and Rating
Choosing a Personal Action
Living it Up
College Search NC
First Car
Developing an informed opinion
Are We There Yet?
Bowhead Whaling
DNA Profiling
Rating or Ranking
Chicago
Models of Decision-Making
Should be explicitly taught
Should be at appropriate complexity
Expressed in the Process part of the
WebQuest
Red Cross Guide
Simple Model
F igure out the problem
I dentify solutions
N ame the pros and cons of each choice
D ecide which is best and act on it
F igure out the problem
What is to be decided or solved?
What kind of data is important?
What’s important to you in figuring out a
solution?
I dentify solutions
What are your choices?
– Given to you?
– Brainstorm alternatives?
Think outside the box if that’s appropriate.
N ame the pros and cons
For each alternative decision or solution,
identify the positives and negatives
Think multi-dimensionally
Fold in your own values
If this is a group process, either work
toward consensus or agree to disagree
D ecide what’s best and act on it
Scan all the pros and cons
Recognize tradeoffs
Be willing to reconsider
Again, if this is a group process strive for
consensus or agree to disagree
Evaluate the consequences of your
decision and go back to Find if necessary.
How do we scaffold this?
Guide sheets to capture values, choices
Techniques borrowed from business
Decision trees
DeBono’s PMI Technique
Creative Decision-Making:
Decision Tree 1
Decision Tree 2
Decision Tree 3
Decision Tree 4
Penny Matrix
Where in the Curriculum?
English / Language Arts
– Sequel to a story: what would the characters
do next?
Social Studies
– Alternative histories
– Current social policy decisions
Where in the Curriculum?
Mathematics
– Contingent probabilities
Science
– New technologies
– Science-related policy decisions
tttc.org
Developing Decision-Making
and Judgment Skills with
WebQuests
Bernie Dodge
San Diego State University
http://edweb.sdsu.edu/webquest/decision/
1/--страниц
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