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...student conference “Topical humanitarian issues of our time”

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THE FOURTH ANNUAL SCIENTIFIC STUDENT CONFERENCE
“TOPICAL HUMANITARIAN ISSUES OF OUR TIME”
ABSTRACTS
PANEL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
THE NATO STRATEGIC CONCEPT
Balandina Anastasia
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, instituted in 1949, is going through
tough times. For some time already, the NATO member-states are lowering their
military budget, which means that the USA are playing an increasingly important
role. Encountering new problems, old enemies: while the USSR does not exist
anymore, Russia has taken its place with one reservation – some ex-soviet
countries are turning to the NATO. What is the strategic concept of the NATO and
how it may evolve in the future are the issues under consideration in this work.
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN GEORGIA AND ABKHAZIA - THE
PRESENT DAY SITUATION
Malyhina Elena
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
The report is devoted to the consequences of the ethno-political conflict between
Georgia and Abkhazia. The aim of the work is to show what impact this conflict
had on the present day international status of Abkhazia and explain the reason of
the absence of interplay between these two states.
ORATORY OR SPEAKING SKILLS
Kuryndikov Nikita
The Faculty of political science
1st year student
It is common knowledge that powerful leaders had powerful speaking skills. It is
difficult to overestimate the importance of oratory in political and social spheres.
In his work the author touches upon several key points connected with oratory:
1) The definition of oratory
2) The function of oratory
3) The example of great orators
4) The story of George the Sixth (The most dangerous moment in the history of the
British monarchy)
HOW AUTOCRACIES FALL
Sirotina Antonina
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student.
The author makes an attempt to analyze the way and the reason this type of
political regime may be overthrown. Though some autocracies have democratic
institutions their role is often diminished.
The observers emphasize at least 3 reasons that make a dictator leave his office:
the insider-led actions, the mass-led actions or the death from natural causes.
WHAT IS HAPPENING IN IRAQ?
Kozhemyaka Stanislav
The Faculty of political science
1st year student
I would like to discuss the topic of latest events in Iraq, their various causes and
historical roots.
I would like to speak on the importance of the events and analyze the reasons of
why it has happened and what may be the consequences for us and for the world.
MONO- and MULTILINGUAL COUNTRIES
Safarov Yusif
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
There are lots of countries all over the world with two, three or even more
official languages. The examples are Belgium, Canada, Switzerland, which
officially support different languages on their territory. As a rule, experts claim
that citizens of such countries are lucky, because they've got an opportunity to
learn different languages from their birth.
However, is it so easy as it sounds? Doesn't such a phenomenon create
difficulties in these countries? In this work the author made an attempt to study this
issue and make a conclusion, if monolingual country is better than multilingual
one.
THE ROLE OF POLITICAL LEADERSHIP IN THE MODERN WORLD
Miloslavskaya Sofia
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
Political science deals with different studies, most of them being problem-driven.
Among the urgent issues that political science faces today, the problem of
leadership clearly stands out. Leadership is an essential feature of government as a
whole: weak leadership may lead to government failure, while strong leadership
can guarantee success, well-being and stability in society. Leadership is a historical
phenomenon; its structures and methods do change in the course of time.
Leadership is a part of complicated social processes that bring about concrete
political outcomes. There are some types of political leadership that can be
distinguished and characterized. According to M. Hermann the main tasks of each
political leader are to:




interpret the existing problems,
offer the ways and means for their solution,
propagate personal visions as solutions or, at least, responses to problems
mobilize followers and supporters to implement those solutions into life
(Heifetz 1994)
Some political changes can really pose direct risks to society, and some politics
can cause real troubles. Unreasonable political management can turn natural or
human-made events into catastrophe. Moreover, political risk is often perceived to
be outside of management’s control, making it difficult to define, predict, and align
with other objectives.
IMMIGRATION TO SPAIN
Danilova Anastasia
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
The work deals with an urgent issue – immigration to Spain. The causes and the
consequences of this phenomenon, the way it affects the economy, the internal
policy and the social sphere of Spain are under consideration.
ROBOTS AGAINST HUMANS OR HUMANS AGAINST ROBOTS?
Lobko Yana
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
Today humanity is coming close to the time when robots will be used
everywhere. But it is not clear if all of them will be useful and safe for
people.What if almost invisible in everyday life, the evolution of robots results in
the revolution of robots? But there is an alternative version of future events. People
worry that In future many of them may lose their jobs because of the robots. So,
how will relations between people and technology (robots in particular) develop
and whether the neo-luddism attracts many new followers?
PERCEPTION OF POLITICAL IMAGES
Alyona Manuzina
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
Due to the development of information technologies the perception of political
leaders’ images is getting crucial. The sphere of international relations is following
this tendency too. It means that the states should care not only about their actions
and processes they are involved into but also about the perception of themselves as
well. That is why the work is devoted to the study of political image, and the way it
influences real developments.
IMAGE VS. IDEOLOGY
Kosheleva Alena
The Faculty of political science
Due to the development of information the Internet has become a crucial part of
political campaign. The models of positioning of political subjects in the World
Wide Web are becoming increasingly more and more important. Using the web
sites, political parties communicate with electorate. This communication is based
on feedback mechanism. Ideological values and political issues are translated by
means of this channel of information.
The work is devoted to comparison of the two strategies that can be used by
political parties in their work on the websites. The main aim is to trace how
political ideology influences the strategies of Democratic Party and Republican
Party in the USA.
THE PHENOMENON OF RACISM IN THE MODERN WORLD
Smirnova Daria
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
The problem of relations between different ethnic groups has always been
important in our history. It can influence us in different ways, causing various
problems, from a slight tension in the society to serious conflicts, which sometimes
can even lead to a war. There used to exist different views on this problem,
including liberal ideas of equality and peaceful coexistence or radical nationalist
and racist theories. The latter can strengthen conflicts, no matter if it is common
people’s xenophobia or a state ideology.
Of course nowadays democratic values, which are widely spread and supported
by most of the countries, do not allow any forms of discrimination to be
established officially by the state. But does it mean that in fact people of different
races and other ethnic groups live together peacefully? Although there may be less
real conflicts, xenophobia and elements of racism in different forms still exist even
in the most democratic countries.
The aim of this work is to analyze the phenomenon of racism, how it developed
through years, to look into the roots of it, examining several theories on that
subject. I would also like to draw attention to the current situation and the ways
racism influences life of modern people. As globalization takes place and different
ethnic groups mix together, it's important to understand this process.
GOALS AND EXPECTATIONS OF MAJOR U.S. PARTIES
CONCERNING 2016 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN
Gabelko Anton
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
After solid victory at the 2014 congressional elections the Republicans feel quite
encouraged about the future presidential campaign, but a number of key states is
still held by the Democrats, so no easy victory is to be expected. The conservative
"Tea Party" wing of the Republican party has recently increased its influence, so it
could provide its own candidate. In the Democratic Party the main question is
"who is it going to be, if not Hillary?"
THE NATURE OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY
Revazashvily Grigorii
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
This presentation deals with the origin of American democracy in general and
seeks to answer the question why the USA has become such an influential country.
By analyzing the main trends and directions of democracy in the USA, the author
tries to explain the process of’ ‘westernazation’ that has embraced much of the
world.
ARE INSECTS TO BECOME THE FOOD OF THE FUTURE?
Yegorov Yegor
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
As we know, the population of our planet has been growing from year to year.
That is why the problem of food (or lack of it) has come to the fore. There is
perhaps no problem worthy of serious discussion as that of food for future
generations. Recently a few articles have been published that are concerned with
this urgent issue. The author tries to estimate the most important ideas that have
been proposed by different writers to show what progress has been made on
understanding this issue.
IS OUR HEALTH THE PRICE FOR HUMAN DEVELOPMENT?
Bogdanova Liza
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
Human development is something that is impossible to stop. As a result of this
continuous progress, life of people has become much easier and more comfortable.
But today the mankind has encountered an inevitable problem. One of the most
developed nations – I mean Japan- where everything seemed to have been
calculated in advance has proved to be helpless before the forces of nature. After
the tremendous earthquake, followed by a tsunamy, the atomic power station
Fukusima-1 was badly damaged. The further the progress – the more dangerous
life on our planet is. Scientific progress and human development cannot go without
serious side effects. We will always be paying a very high price for progress.
THE INFLUENCE OF WORLD POLITICAL SITUATION ON
EXCHANGE RATE STABILITY
Kononov Zahar
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
According to the latest events, the exchange rate of rouble is not stable.
Consequently, plans of our government for the currency market demand
examination. There may be two solutions to a current situation: 1. Russian
government tries to freeze a decline of the rouble, buying progressive amount of
dollars, 2. it allows the rouble take its course, making no obstacles on its way
down. The aim of the work is to give all pros and cons of the above mentioned.
RUSSIA AND UKRAINE – NATIONAL IDEA vs NATIONALISM
Ivanenko Yuri
The faculty of political science
2nd year student
The time we live in is very hard. Peoples all over the world suffer from many
problems such as political and social shocks, economic crisis, uneven population
explosion and recession, fatal ecological disasters and also the crisis of national
identity. It’s an open secret that the increase of national self-consciousness in the
whole world is a response to globalization threatening with extinction of many
peoples’ original ethnical culture. Nowadays we can see it in Russian – Ukrainian
relations. Two urgent issues are under consideration: the national Russian idea and
the Ukrainian nationalism.
THE IDEAL OF HUMAN UNITY
Mishina Anastasiya
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
The article under the headline "The Ideal of Human Unity" is devoted to one of
the most important social and political ideas of Indian philosopher Aurobindo
Ghose. His idea of Human Unity is of vital importance nowadays, because of both
separatist trends and the urge towards multinational unification. In the collection of
articles under the title "The Ideal of Human Unity" Aurobindo Ghose speaks about
the social or ‘collective’ life. He believes that integration of mankind will
definitely take place because it is rooted in the Nature itself.
THE PROBLEM OF ISIS PROLIFERATION
Starikov Kirill
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
The increasing threat of ISIS attracts much attention. The following questions
require serious consideration - the origin of the movement (ISIS) and its aims, the
role it plays in the Middle East, and the distinctions between ISIS and other
terrorist organizations. The position of the USA is also my focus of attention.
THANK YOU FOR NOT SMOKING
Margusheva Alina
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
The work deals with the problem of smoking and its influence on health.
Government policy concerning the conflict between smokers and non-smokers,
moral and psychological aspects of the problem are under consideration. Special
attention is devoted to preventive measures.
HUNGARY AND RUSSIA AFTER CRIMEA
Strahov Aleksandr
The Faculty of Political science
3rd year student
The work deals with Russian-Hungarian relations after the Crimean events.
Hungary is the only state that openly expresses its dissatisfaction by European
politics of sanctions and continues its cooperation with Russia. The author gives
his understanding of the events. The perspective of Russian-Hungarian relations is
under consideration too.
‘IF YOU CONTROL THE MEDIA, YOU CONTROL THE PEOPLE.
MEDIA EFFECT’
Makarenkova Anastasiya
The Faculty of political science.
3rd year student
The work concerns the problem of manipulation in mass media. There are many
different theories of mass media influence on people's attitudes, outlooks, and
behavior. The author draws our attention to those which are most frequently used:
cognitive processing, agenda settings, priming, framing and cultivation theory.
THE PROBLELM OF RATIONAL CHOICE IN OUR UP-TO-DATE LIFE
AND POLITICS
Kuznetsova Anastasya
The faculty of Political Science
2nd year student
I bet that almost every person faces a simple problem of choice in everyday life.
But is it so easy to make the choice? How does a person act when making the
choice? And how to make a right one? It is worth mentioning that we all live in a
society, so people, speaking in terms of science, are main subjects of activity and
decision-making is an important part of their social life. People work in different
spheres, including politics. How should a person act if he works in a political
structure responsible for life of entire nation? How should a politician act to make
a rational choice with less unwanted consequences? And is it really possible to
count all "pros" and "contras"? Can the choice and the situation of choice be
predictable? In my report I will try to answer these questions using the theory of
rational choice that was and is very important and popular in political science. I
will also try to figure out how society makes its collective choice during elections,
and whether it is really possible to come to an honest agreement or there will
always exist the need in some manipulation techniques because of a very
complicated structure of people's mind.
STUDENT ACTIVISM AS A PART OF POLITICAL MOVEMENT
Glebova Polina
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
Student activism is directed towards political, environmental, economic or social
changes. Student movements have influenced the great political events in many
countries worldwide. It is a unique phenomenon, but today we do not pay enough
attention to it, though its impact on the political transformation is greater than we
can imagine sometimes. Students occupy the unique position in our society: they
are at the vanguard of a generation that often differs markedly from that of their
forebears. There was a great amount of precedents of student activism through
history. The most prominent were student demonstrations in France, the USA,
Great Britain and Islamic countries as well.
OBJECTIVIST PHILOSOPHY: RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE
Ananiev Dmitrii
The Faculty of political science.
2nd year student
Objectivism is a philosophical system created by an American writer Ayn Rand
in the middle of the XX century. Best described as the philosophy of rational
individualism. Its central tenets are that existence exist, consciousness is conscious,
A is A. It is all about our reality and that it exists independently and objectively, no
matter whether we believe and accept it or not. What is derived from it is that the
only thing we can rely on is the human mind, powered by logic and the only way
to live in this objective world is through rational thinking and freedom. And
freedom assumes complete and well protected individual rights and, of course,
capitalism. And here comes our problem. Should we accept this system, may we
call it universal and besides, what we, Russians may do with it? This is a
philosophy of thought and action and deciding on accepting it or declining may
change life not only of some individuals, but as a consequence — of a whole
nation.
THE ERA OF POLITICAL PERFORMANCE
Bibichadze Anna
The faculty of political science.
1st year student
The aim of the work is to show how the world has changed; to give an exact
definition of the era of political performance, and to explain, why people have
become victims of the policy.
NINE BIG QUESTIONS BEFORE SCOTLAND’S BIG VOTE ON
INDEPENDENCE
Sorokin Evgeniy
The Faculty of political science.
2nd year student
The work deals with the consequences of possible disconnection of Scotland
from the United Kingdom. Special attention is given to the possible economic
consequences of might be Scottish independence, its political implications and the
influence of independence on the people’s cultural identity. The impact of
economic factors on the activity of modern separatist movements in developed
countries is under consideration too.
WHO STIGMATIZES VOTE BUYING
Mihailova Ekaterina
The Faculty of political science.
2nd year student
The work deals with the vote-buying practice and public opinion’s view on it.
Vote buying process has two kinds of consequences: negative effects at the
systematic level (quality of democracy, competitiveness of electoral process) and
positive aspects at the individual level (benefits for citizens). There are several
surveys on public attitude to vote-buying phenomenon, which are conducted in
five Latin American countries. These surveys reveal a level of stigmatization of
vote-buying, as well as the reasons and criteria of stigmatization which depend on
different social groups. It is very important for us to identify the factors that
determine the levels of stigmatization of vote buying in order to understand the
conditions under which, for example, anti-vote buying campaigns organized by
civil society or the state are more likely to be effective.
INDIA AND PAKISTAN: NUCLEAR DETERRENCE PROBLEMS
Kalmykova Darya
The Faculty of political science.
3rd year student
The end of the “cold war” gave the international community an opportunity to
create a new system of international relations. But still there is a chance of
destabilization of international climate on the regional level even after diversion
from the bipolar world. In this connection, proliferation of nuclear weapon (or
weapon of mass destruction) is a special hazard.
There is a long-lasting conflict between the two nuclear powers – India and
Pakistan. India is trying to become a regional leader while Pakistan is trying to
strengthen its hand in Muslim world. Militarization of the region and
destabilization of their relations may as well result in serious conflicts in all South
Asia..
THE CHANGE OF PEOPLE VALUES: DEVELOPMENT OR
DEGRADATION?
Matieshina Antonina
The Faculty of political science.
1st year student
The aim of this work is to find out if people's values have changed qualitatively
and if so what the reason for such a change was.
The object of research is values of Russia’s people.
The subject of work is pastime, education and interests of people.
The methods of research are as follows:
 Statistic data analysis of the quality of Russia’s education and pastime of
people.
 General rules in changing values based on these data.
THE PROBLEM OF IMAGE FORMATION OF RUSSIA THROUGH
SOCIAL NETWORKS
Loschilina Mariya
The Faculty of political science.
3rd year student
Image of the country is an important instrument of influence on its citizens and
foreigners. Positive image allows the country to get not only investments, a large
number of tourists or joint projects. First of all, image is an indicator of trust and
reputation. In this work the role of social networks in shaping the image of the
country is analyzed due to the speed, convenience and practicality of the Internet.
Political values formation helps politicians to shape the image of the country.
Therefore notable political values translated through social networks are collected
and analyzed in the work. Thus, it could be valuable not only for a would-be
politician but for people who are interested in philosophy, psychology and other
disciplines that study man, society and their interaction.
ART AND POLITICS
SOCIO-POLITICAL FUNCTIONS OFART IN THE MODERN WORLD
Rogova Nastya
The Faculty of political science.
2nd year student
Politics and Art: do they have something in common or are they completely
different spheres? Can art have an impact on socio-political reality? What matters
most: political content or aesthetic qualities? These questions have haunted
people’s minds since the late sixties.
A strong relationship between arts and politics, particularly between various
kinds of art and power, occurs across historical epochs and cultures. As they
respond to contemporaneous events and politics, the arts take on political as well
as social dimensions, becoming a focus of controversy and even a force of political
as well as social change.
Art appeals to our aesthetic senses. Art contributes to our culture. It helps
establish pride in our community and give inspiration. It helps to transform an
otherwise dull existence. It helps us to get in touch with our inner beauty and the
finer things in life. Getting involved in art improves confidence, selfempowerment, and helps us to release our inner potential.
Evoking political art’s frequent pitfalls allows us to see that aesthetic pleasure
and politics are not mutually exclusive. To the contrary, the seduction of formal
beauty can be one of political art’s most effective strategies and greatest weapons.
IMMIGRATION IN RUSSIA AND EUROPEAN UNION. COMPARATIVE
ANALYSIS
Baikalov Gleb
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
During the last two decades the word "multiculturalism" has been the key-word
of the European policy, as its member- states have been working hard to build up
an open-bordered community, in which all people have equal rights irrespective of
their gender, religion, skin color or birthplace. However the policy of
multiculturalism has failed to succeed. And the main factor of this failure is,
admittedly, an immigration policy.
The aim of the work is to find the answers to the following questions:
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
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Why did Europe fail to succeed in building open borders?
How does social support affect immigrants behavior?
What is the difference between’ labour’ and ‘non-labour’ immigrants?
What is so-called "immigration ghetto" and whether it exists in Russia?
FRANCE – USA RELATIONS IN THE 2000-s
Klubkov Vladislav
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
How did the USA influence France in the 2000-s? The problem for France was to
keep independence in foreign policy after its integration in military structures of
the North Atlantic Alliance in 2009. It was also important for the other European
member-states of the NATO.
SWEDISH SOCIALISM
Bondareva Anna
The Faculty of political science
1st year student
The work is devoted to the famous phenomenon in the present political life, the
so called Swedish Socialism. People hold extremely different opinions on this
political system. On the one hand there is an incredible number of myths about
"Swedish happiness" and "Earthly Paradise". On the other hand everybody knows
about a burden of taxes, an increasing poverty and the possibility for the Swedes to
turn into an ethnic minority in their own country.
The aim of the study is to analyze the historical preconditions of the emerge of
such an unusual political system, the transformation of the "capitalist Socialism"
during the XX century, and to answer the question if the Swedish Socialism is so
good as it seems.
THE BASIC PROBLEMS OF COOPERATION BETWEEN THE CENTER
AND REGIONS IN RUSSIA
Gorushkin Aleksandr
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
Today’s Russian economic system is based on taking a large percentage of
resources and money from the regions. This system, that can be called
overcentralized’, inhibits the economic development of Russia. The regions have
fewer opportunities to invest their own money in social programs, infrastructure or
tourist sector – instead, they have to wait for months before they receive necessary
funds from the center. Certain alternatives that might solve the problems of
inefficient distribution of money can be suggested. They can be found in the
experience of other countries and in Russian history.
IS SARCASM A BRAND-NEW TRUTH?
Kovtun Alice
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
In a contemporary world being completely honest is unprofitable, especially if
you are a journalist. It's absolutely normal to write articles that exaggerate reality
or, on the contrary, underestimate it. It particularly concerns German media, often
accused of being unfair to Russia and concealing the situation in Ukraine.
However, there is a German TV-show "Asylum" (Äóðäîì - ïðèì.), that criticizes
famous German newspapers, politicians and their actions, revealing the true
situation in the world politics. So, is satirical TV-show more reliable than official
governmental media?
DECISION MAKING MECHANISM OF THE EUROPEAN UNION:
ADVANTAGES AND PROBLEMS.
Gudzenko Maria
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
The report deals with the way the decisions are made in the EU, its advantages
and limits. The key objective is to figure out when the perspective and logic
decision- making system met its real crisis and what has caused it.
THE INTERNET AS THE MEANS OF MODERN INFORMATION
WARFARE
Bannikova Anastasia
The Faculty of political science
3rd year student
Nowadays a military confrontation stops being the main means of achieving
foreign policy goals. States are seeking new ways and methods of influencing
global politics. One of the alternative ways of attacking political rivals with
minimal risk of retaliation is information and psychological impact on the citizens
of the enemy-state, or the information war. The work concerns the info war stages
and means of counteracting the information war remaining anonymous, and the US
systems monitoring all political discussions in the Internet. In conclusion the
author emphasizes that information war, as any other war, is dangerous, but the use
of the Internet makes it even more destructive.
RUSSIA AND UKRAINE – NATIONAL IDEA vs NATIONALISM
Ivanenko Yuri
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
The time we live in is very hard. Peoples all over the world suffer greatly from
political and social shocks, economic crisis, fatal ecological disasters and also the
crisis of national identity. It's an open secret that the increase of national selfconsciousness in the whole world is a response to globalization threatening with
extinction of many peoples' original ethnical culture.
The work concerns the two urgent issues - the national Russian idea and the
Ukrainian nationalism. Its antinational character that serves the interests merely of
home and foreign big business.
GLOBALIZATION 3.0. WHY HAS THE WORLD BECOME FLAT?
Ivanova Polina
Tha Faculty of political science
3rd year student
A famous American journalist Thomas Friedman stated that the world has
become flat. This is a metaphor for viewing the world as a level playing field in
terms of commerce, where all competitors have equal opportunities. Countries,
companies, and individuals have to remain competitive in a global market where
historical and geographical divisions are becoming increasingly irrelevant.
According to T. Friedman, the first major "flattener" is the collapse of the Berlin
Wall (9/11/89). It didn't merely symbolize the end of the Cold War, but allowed
people from the other side of the wall to join the economic mainstream. It was a
symbol of release: the door opened to a freer, flatter, and more democratic world.
But the forces that flatten the world can be used either to bring everyone up to
the same level, or to bring them all down to the same level, and the aim of
humanity is to use these forces creatively avoiding destruction.
TECHNOLOGIES OF ‘COLOUR REVOLUTIONS’ AND CONTROLLED
CHAOS.
Tyurkina Anna
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
The work is devoted to the problems of rapidly changing world where, the
technologies of armed revolutions are being replaced b the technologies of colour
revolutions, which disguised the true revolutionary movements, and thus remained
almost unopposed. Their aim is to destabilize the situation in the country using
among other technologies blackmail and youth protest movements. There is a
striking similarity in the scenarios of changing political regimes in different
countries, which can be seen as the repetition of the same pattern of organizational
chart. The mechanism of “control chaos” is another evolutionary breakthrough in
colour revolutions. The system of measures that help to reduce the risk of color
revolutions is also under consideration.
ON THE HISTORY OF THE ISIS
Evseev Eldar
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
The ISIS was created as a part of Al-Qaeda in 2006. It belonged to this terrorist
organization and was named «Islamic state of Iraq». In 2013, when it started
fighting against Bashar al Assad, the name of the organization was changed into
“Islamic State of Iraq and Syria”
It is important to stress that the ISIS was founded not only with the help of AlQaeda, but also with the assistance of some other countries such as the UK, the
USA, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, that were planning to use it in their own political
interests.
THE UNO ROLE IN THE WORLD INTEGRATION PROCESSES
Plesheeva Valeria
The Faculty of political science
The United Nations is an international organization, its main functions are to
guarantee international cooperation, provide international law and security,
preserve human rights, and keep peace in the world .
Besides maintaining peace, the UN is to protect human rights and provide
humanitarian help when it is necessary: deliver food, drinking water, shelter, and
other humanitarian services to people displaced by famine, war, and natural
disaster.
. The UN can also give technical assistance in elections, in improving judicial
structures and drafting constitutions, in training human rights officials, etc.
The UN plays an integral part in social and economic development. In order to
strengthen the role of the United Nations Organization, efforts should be made to
uphold the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations
Organization
MOSCOW RESUMES SUPPLIES OF GAS TO UKRAINE
Guseva Yulia
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
Ukraine, Russia and the European Union signed a deal Thursday that will see
Moscow resume vital supplies of gas to its ex-Soviet neighbor over the winter in
return for payments funded in part by Kiev's Western creditors. After several failed
rounds of talks in recent weeks as conflict rumbles on despite a ceasefire in eastern
Ukraine, the accord also eases concerns that a new "gas war" could disrupt winter
supplies of energy to EU states, notably through pipelines shut down across
Ukraine since June.
THE BRETTON WOODS FINANCIAL SYSTEM
Donetskii Dmitrii
The Faculty of political science
The aim of the Bretton Woods meeting was to set up a new system of rules,
regulations, and procedures for the major economies of the world. It was designed
to give economic stability together with the monetary order to the major
independent countries. Setting up a system of rules, institutions, and procedures to
regulate the international monetary system, the planners at Bretton Woods
established the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), which today is part of the World Bank
Group. These organizations became operational in 1945 after a sufficient number
of countries had ratified the agreement.
PERCEPTION OF POLITICAL IMAGES
Manuzina Alyona
The Faculty of political science
2nd year student
Due to the development of information technologies the perception of political
leaders’ images is getting crucial. The sphere of international relations is following
this tendency too. It means that the states should care not only about their actions
and processes they are involved into but also about the perception of themselves as
well. So the work is devoted to the study of political images and the way they
influence the real developments.
THE FOURTH ANNUAL SCIENTIFIC STUDENT CONFERENCE
”TOPICAL HUMANITARIAN ISSUES OF OUR TIME”
PANEL OF PHILOSOPHY
THE HARD PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Kolomoets Pavel
The Philosophy Faculty
2nd year student
Consciousness is one of the fundamental facts of human existence. The main task
of the science of consciousness in recent years has been the search for correlations
between certain areas of the brain and certain states of consciousness. The work is
devoted to David Chalmers and his view on the hard problem of consciousness,
and behaviour that is accompanied by subjective experience. Examples of
contemporary theoretical ideas are under consideration too.
VELIMIR KHLEBNIKOV – A MAN WHO CONQUERED TIME
Abdrakhmanova Anastasia.
The Philosophy faculty
2nd year student
Velimir Khlebnikov is my favorite poet, one of the greatest writers of the
Russian Silver Age. Everything about him was unusual: from his appearance to his
poetry. In my report I will tell about Velimir’s biography and some interesting
facts of his life. I will talk of my favorite poems. Also I will introduce the listeners
to a little-known field of his creative work – the studies of time based on
mathematical laws, and I will even show how he predicted one of the greatest
turning points in our history. My report will be followed by an audio-visual
accompaniment.
“You still have not understood that my word Is god howling in a cage.” -- Velimir
Khlebnikov
‘CATHARSIS IN CINEMA’
Muchaeva Victoria
The Faculty of philosophy
2nd year student
The subject of the article is catharsis of the film. Since the days of Aristotle
catharsis as reflected experience has a compensative purpose which affects moral
consciousness and behavior of human being. A film director aims to touch the
inner emotions of spectators. But how to do it?
INTUITION
Nikolaeva Alisa
The Philosophy faculty.
2nd year student
The aim of the work is to draw attention to the actual philosophical problem of
intuition. The evolution of ideas about intuition since the dawn of philosophical
thought to here and now awakens the interest of each of us. So, what is intuition
and what impact it has on our lives?
INNOVATIONS IN EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH
Zamotkin Ivan
The Faculty of philosophy
2nd year student
It goes without saying that education should be a lifelong journey for everyone.
To fulfill its task education requires innovation. The digital revolution has changed
the traditional classroom methods of teaching with a new way of distribution.
Massive open online courses (MOOS) are considered to have transformed onesize-fits-all system of school education beyond recognition. Moreover, with datamining methods in teaching becoming a real opportunity, learning is believed to be
becoming more adaptive and customizing. Philosophy of education is called upon
to provide us with an in-depth analysis of ongoing shift in education.
THE QUEST FOR BEAUTY: THE TRANSFORMATION OF BEAUTY
CONCEPT FROM WILLIAM HOGARTH TO OSCAR WILDE.
Shchedrina Elena
The Faculty of philosophy
2nd year student
The concept of beauty has been at the centre of philosophical thinking since the
time of Plato. It is interesting to point out that this concept has manifested itself in
various forms in different countries. In Great Britain it gave rise to the philosophy
of aesthetism and William Hogarth is considered to be one of its founders. I have
tried to lay the focus of my research on William Hogarth’s work “Analysis of
Beauty’’, where he is investigating the transformation of beauty concept from the
time of Plato to the 19-th century. To my mind, this work can be taken to be a
turning point in the perception of beauty. W. Hogarth exercised a great influence
on Oscar Wilde’s creative activities.
THE CONCEPT OF FAITH IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
Pavlova Sardaana
The Philosophy faculty.
2nd year student
The work is devoted to the role of faith and works in the concept of salvation in
Christianity. How faith relates with works, and who is given hope for salvation:
supine believer or active churchman? And is it possible for non-Christian, who
does good deeds, to save himself.
LANGUAGE GAME CONCEPTION IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF LUDWIG
WITTGENSTEIN
Legeido Vasilii
The Faculty of Phylosophy
2nd year student
Wittgenstein is known as one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th
century. He is also known for the great change in his conception: he came from the
idea of logic necessity in The Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus to the language
game conception in the philosophical investigations. The aim of this report is to
show and analyze the main concepts of Wittgenstein’s late philosophy such as
language-games and “Meaning is Use” conception and to find out why
Wittgenstein’s late philosophy is so hard for understanding.
CLASSICAL AND NON-CLASSICAL APPROACHES TO PHILOSOPHY:
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Karneev Rodion
Faculty of philosophy
2nd year student
The aim of the presentation is to draw a distinction between classical and nonclassical philosophy, thus determining the specifics of a post-classical approach.
The work is concerned with the following questions:
 When did non-classical philosophy break up from classical one?
 What was the role of F.Nietzsche, S.Freud, and K.Marx in this process?
 Who was the first to introduce the concept distinguishing several
fundamental epochs in the evolution of philosophical tradition?
WHY DID HARRY POTTER AND SOCRATES CHOOSE DEATH?
VIRTUE AND THE COMMON GOOD
Barkanova Elena
Faculty of philosophy
2nd year student
Popular culture boosts philosophical reflection and its influence on mankind
tends to grow with every passing year. The work is an attempt to draw a
comparison between Harry Potter, the protagonist of the British writer
J.K.Rowling’s series and Socrates, the ancient Greek philosopher.
The presentation aims to cover, among others, the following points:
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The ultimate goal of wizards and non-wizards is happiness;
Harry and Socrates vs. the greatest villain Voldemort and sophists;
Harry’s fate as an illustration of Plato’s theories of justice and virtue;
The main reasons that made Socrates and Harry choose death: sacrificial
love, goodness, and concern for the common good.
ROCK-MUSIC AS A CULTURAL-ONTOLOGICAL PHENOMENON
Vysochina Angelina
Faculty of philosophy
2nd year student
The aim of the presentation is to introduce the audience to the cultural and
existential foundation of rock-culture and to outline socio-cultural dynamics of
rock-music from marginality to the mainstream.
Moreover, we will try to show the socio-cultural foundation of rock-culture
marginality and to consider:
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rock as a subculture;
rock as aloofness and riot;
rock as a way of seeing the world;
rock as a way of organizing human existence;
rock as a phenomenon of soft power.
COGNITIVE FOUNDATIONS OF LINGUISTIC METAPHOR
Dorohina Elizaveta
Faculty of philosophy
2nd year student
The report covers the notion of metaphor as a linguistic phenomenon that has
intrigued philosophers since ancient times. Over the centuries thinkers have
worked out different concepts of linguistic metaphor and defined its essential
characteristics in many ways.
In the middle of the 20th century a cognitive approach became the main method
of interpreting the metaphor. In its terms the metaphor is seen as a complex
phenomenon including cognitive, psychological and communicative aspects. This
approach is still widespread and actively developing nowadays, which proves the
importance of the issue for both contemporary linguistics and philosophy.
INTUITION
Nikolaeva Alisa
The Philosophy faculty.
2nd year student
The aim of the work is to draw attention to the actual philosophical problem of
intuition. The evolution of ideas about intuition since the dawn of philosophical
thought to here and now awakens the interest of each of us. So, what is intuition
and what impact it has on our lives?
THE FOURTH ANNUAL SCIENTIFIC STUDENT CONFERENCE
“TOPICAL HUMANITARIAN ISSUES OF OUR TIME”
PANEL OF SOCIOLOGY
BUREAUCRACY IN MANAGERIAL STRUCTURES
Fedina Mariya, Shatlygina Mariya
The Faculty of sociology
2nd year students
The work is devoted to the problem of bureaucracy in managerial structures:
private and public organizations. The influence of bureaucracy machinery on
managerial decision-making will be viewed. Besides, in our work we’ll discuss
pros and cons of this aspect: high economic efficiency and corruption.
THE HISTORY OF BUREAUCRACY
Kupriyanova Anastasia, Pochukaeva Ekaterina, Fillipova Anna
The Faculty of sociology
2nd year students
The work is devoted to the problem of bureaucracy development. The whole
history of bureaucracy is divided into 3 periods. The first period deals with the first
steps of bureaucracy. The next period describes the development of bureaucracy in
medieval times. The third period concerns modern bureaucracy and sociological
theories of bureaucracy (K. Marx, M, Veber, R. Merton theories).
CORRUPTION AS A STATE AND ECONOMIC PROBLEM
Klimova Alexandra
The Faculty of sociology
As we all know, corruption is a malpractice, bribery, bribe-taking, abuse of
authority, commercial bribery or other illegal use by an individual of his official
position. Historical roots of corruption are likely to go back to the custom of
making gifts to woo. In my project I want to talk to colleagues about the problem.
It appears not only in a moral context, but is also an economic and political
problem.
CORRUPTION IN SHOW BUSINESS: MUSIC INDUSTRY
Lyubko Polina, Illarionova Elya
The Faculty of sociology
2nd year students
Nowadays the problem of corruption is one of the most burning problems. The
aim of the work is to show the structure and functioning of the mechanism of
corruption. Besides, the authors will give a master class..
BIG COMPANY BUREAUCRACY AND WAYS TO CUT THROUGH IT
Allahkulieva Kamilla
The Faculty of sociology
2nd year student
Bureaucracy is a type of business structure popular among governments and
public administrations that were influenced by the thinking of Max Weber.
Although often associated with excessive paperwork in modern times, a
bureaucratic organization was originally intended to have a hierarchical or
pyramidal structure to help achieve the most rational and efficient operation at the
lowest cost.
When you are working with or within a large organization, it's important to
keep it simple and stay focused on the goal so you don't get consumed by
bureaucracy.
Even though many of us work in small teams or small companies, we also work
with large organizations all the time. They are our customers, our suppliers, and
our partners. Some of you may even have been successful enough to build your
start-up into a 100+ employee company that exhibits the organizational dynamics
of a large corporation.
We all understand the challenges of getting things done within a larger
organization. First, it's easier for a large organization to say "no" than "yes."
Second, decisions often require multiple people, who all have busy schedules, and
in some cases only a few people in a large organization make the majority of
decisions. Finally, it's often hard to find someone motivated to make any change
that involves risk.
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CULTURE IN THE PROCESS OF GLOBALIZATION
Bakunina Viktoria, Shapovalova Marina
The Faculty of sociology
Modern technology has made it possible to create a kind of global culture. The
Internet, fax machines, satellites and cable TV are sweeping away cultural
boundaries. Global entertainment companies do their best to influence
consciousness and general outlook of people all over the world, shaping perception
and dreams of ordinary citizens, wherever they live. Local cultures will inevitably
fall victim to this global “consumer” culture. With spreading consuming values
people overwhelm sense of community and social solidarity. Common culture may
lead to shared values, but at the same time it can pose a threat to local customs and
traditions, demeaning versatility of world culture and natural identities.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEDERAL BUREAUCRACY IN THE USA
Panferov G, Panferov D.
The Faculty of sociology
The work is devoted to the problem of American bureaucracy. The aim of the
work is to show different periods of its growth and development. Present types of
organization of federal bureaucracy and its functions are also under consideration.
BUREAUCRACY IN CHILD PROTECTION
Miloslavova Alina
The Faculty of sociology
Nowadays bureaucracy has penetrated into almost all parts of our life - child
care, protection and education of children. Yet the author tries to find something
positive in it.
CORRUPTION IN SPORT
Pulber Ekaterina
The Faculty of sociology
2nd year student
The work is devoted to the problem of corruption in sport. We all know that
some of the sports events are adjusted and the referees are bribed. Moreover, the
score sometimes is known before the beginning of the game. The aim of the work
is to analyze why this is happening and what we can do.
THE TUDORS: FEAR AND HATRED, PAPER WARS
Kalinovskaya Kseniya, Guseva Natalia
The Faculty of sociology
The work is devoted to Catherine of Aragon and her tragic fate. King of England
Henry VIII Tudor decided to divorce Catherine to marry his mistress Anne Boleyn.
He ordered to fabricate the evidence of illegitimacy of his marriage. Thus,
bureaucracy led to the fall of the Queen and indirectly influenced the destiny of
England.
FASHION IN XV- XVI CENTURIES
Korsak Margarita, Imranova Elvira
The Faculty of sociology
What you wore depended on who you were in the Medieval Times. Fashion is
an integral part of every culture. In their work the authors describe people’s tastes
and preferences of that time.
BUREAUCRACY IN THE USA AND RUSSIA EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS
Fedorova Polina
The Faculty of sociology
The aim of the work is to show the development of bureaucracy and the way
people have changed their attitude towards this problem. Besides the author
compares these two educational systems and shows their similarities and
differences.
TRENDS OF GLOBALIZATION OF EDUCATION IN EUROPE
Borodina Olga, Kushner Elena
The Faculty of sociology
2nd year students
The aim of the work is to reveal the influence of globalization of education in
Europe on scientific and cultural world-view of the modern European society.
The process of forming integrated educational field; present day education as a
sphere mostly exposed to global processes; formation and predication of
international education; reaching the integration of the higher education and
political interests of the countries with saving traditions and goals in educational
sphere; influence of developed countries on changing education in developed
regions of the world, and including them in the global educational space are the
main issues under consideration.
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