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Understand the primary views of the
Federalists and Anti-Federalists regarding
ratification of the Constitution
Learn how the Federalist Papers were critical to
obtaining approval of the new Constitution,
particularly in New York
Follow the timeline of events leading to
establishment of the first Congress and
inauguration of President Washington
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Most prominent
Federalist--Hamilton
Favored ratification of
the Constitution
Stronger government
could protect business
interests and allow for
interstate and foreign
trade
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Most prominent AntiFederalist—Jefferson
Opposed ratification of
the Constitution
Wanted to protect
state’s rights; feared
power of strong central
government
Desired to protect
farmers rather than
business interests
Wanted a Bill of Rights
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Series of 85 essays published to encourage
ratification
Published between October 1787 and August
1788
Pen name “Publius” used
Most written by Hamilton and Madison; John
Jay was the other contributor
Succeeded in gaining ratification in New York
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First Congress convened in March 1789
Washington unanimously selected President by
the Electoral College
Inaugurated on April 30, 1789
Temporary capital was New York
Bill of Rights introduced during First Congress
Ratified by states in 1791
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