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French financing system
for water management :
6 Water Agencies, from
taxes to subsidies
The 3 levels French model
for water management
 Law and control are ensured by the state
- The Parliament votes global expenditure and tax rate ceilings and
priorities for water agencies action (Law for water and aquatic
environments, 2006)
 Integrated management at the river basin level
•
•
Governance : Basin Committee (stakeholder), management plans
over five years
Economic tools : Water agency (tax and subsidies)
 Water supply and sanitation are managed at a local level
These services are paid, possibility of delegation, autonomy of the water
budget, local decision on the water price.
 Governance : local authority,
 Economic tools : water and sewage investments & operating covered
by the invoice => Price signal
Water Agencies principle :
water pays for water
“one pollutes one pays”
water taxes
from users
6 year action plan
management
“one protects water resource
one gets subsidies”
subsidies and loans
to projects
Fees collected by the water agency are used to
finance water protection investments and operating
costs
Annual budget of the 6 Water Agencies for subsidies
and loans : ± 2,22 billions € (2013-2018)
What is the agency's role ?
The water agency finances,
but does not perform the works
What can she do ?
Collect fees
aiming an effect on user behavior
Grant financial aids according to priorities that
lead to certain actions
-
-
A budget of 712 millions €/year (AESN 2013)
Terms for levies and subsidies included in a multi-year
6 year program (adjustable midterm)
General principles for our 10th
action program (2013-2018)
 Moderation of tax revenue (each year will be
collected the same amount as in 2012)


Expenditure scenario amplifying
actions on the "great water cycle”


Primary objective : WFD
Search for a rebalancing of
contributors
Simplified zoning for fees

Simplification of the aids
Who pays fore what ?
The fees system
Fees addressing different types of
water pressures
• Pollution
 Point source pollution
 Diffuse pollution
 Networks modernization
• Ressource :
 Water abstraction for irrigation, drinking water, industrial
water use ( process water & water cooling), hydroelectricity
• River course morphology :
 Tax on river obstacle
 Protection of aquatic environments
Global expenditure and tax rate
ceilings
 Decided by the Parliament (Finance Law)
 6 year Plans
 2013-2018 : 13,8 billions € (for 6 Water
Agencies)
 2,3 billions € / year
On the SN basin : Contribution depends on
environmental quality
Example : domestic pollution
Based on the WFD
ecological status
 real data
 3 zones
area
rate
1
0,22 €/m3
2
0,39 €/m3
3
0,425 €/m3
-> same principle for water scarcity
Fees on the SN catchment (10th Program) :
abstraction and pollution
Rates in 2018
Base rate
Average
Enhanced
Ceiling
Domestic pollution
€/m3
0,22
0,39
0,425
0,5
Modernization
(domestic) €/m3
0,3
0,3
0,3
0,3
Non domestic
pollution Kg DBO
0,18
0,27
0,38
0,4
Modernization (non
domestic) €/m3
0,24
0,24
0,24
0,3
Abstraction (drinking
water) ct €/m3
3,8 / 6
6,7 / 8,2
7,2 / 14,4
Abstraction industrial
water cooling) ct €/m3
0,28 / 0,35
0,45 / 0,52
0,5 / 1
Total fees 2013 : 729,8 millions €
Other fees on the SN catchment (10th
Program)
Rates 2013-2018
Rate
Hydroelectricity (€/m3/m)
0,3
Obstacles (€/m3)
150
Fishing (€/fisherman/year)
8,8
Low water storage (€/m3 during the low water)
0,01
Diffuse pollution (€/l or €/Kg on pesticides sold)
Total fees 2013 : 729,8 millions €
Who pays what : for 100 € of water taxes…
Water abstraction fee paid
by communities
(households and economic
activities)
10,36 €
Pollution fee paid by
breeders
0,06 €
Water abstraction fee paid
by economic activities
1,46 €
Diffuse pollution fee (paid
on pesticides sold)
2,29 €
Protection of aquatic
environments (fee paid by
fishermen)
0,13 €
Pollution fee paid by
industry
4,33 €
Pollution fee paid by
domestic users (households
and economic activities)
81,37 €
725 M€ collected in 2013
Who is helped for what ?
The subsidies system
AESN 10th Program subsidies
4,7 billions € for 6 years
corresponding to 6.3 billion euros of work
« help more, choose more »
Achieve good ecological status
for 2/3 of rivers in 2021
(RBMP)
How does it work ?
the Project Owner requests funding
BEFORE starting its work ( design stage )
Water
Agency
can bring
technical
help
technical and financial file
Water
Agency
checks
complian
ce with
the
program
Water
Agency
Funding
Commission
Decison and 1st payment
Last payment
Water
Agency
follows
the work
Who gets what : for 100 € collected …
Beneficiaries
local authorities
industry
agriculture
To fight against
industrial pollution
5.84
For animation of
water policy
(management,
knowledge…)
4.92
To fight against
agricultural diffuse
pollution
2.74
To protect and
restore drinking water
ressources
10.9
To protect and
restore rivers and
wetlands
12.01
For domestic
wastewater treatment
63.59
± 654 M€ spent in 2013
10th action plan (2013-2018) :
More subsidies for water cycle
How do we build the program ?
How was the 10th program designed ?
1. Parliament votes Ceiling charges
for the 6 water agencies
2. The department provides a framework
Priorities and rebalancing contributions
(households, industry, agriculture)
3. The C3P (emanation of BC)
4. The Basin Commitee
votes the Program
(October 2012)
works more than 1 year = > 15
meetings, exchanges with the
agency's services (scenarios)
Elaboration of the budget
1) Technical goals
- Identify works needed for achieving good status
- Identify works with high-impact on the environments
- Focus on preventive
- Adjust the rate of aid ( incentive )
Elaboration of the budget
2) Financial goals
Principle
ensure balance between users (fees)
search for suitable financing
Application
issue charges
pay the aids to project owners
0 finances
Elaboration of the budget
3) assess the amounts that the agency needs to carry
out its program
1) Identify needs
= fees and aids
2) Quantify the impact of the previous program
Building the 10th program
Incomes, which condition the aid to be granted
CB 18-10-2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Total
moyenne
729,8
728,2
730,5
728,8
727,0
725,9
Domestique pollution
342,0
339,8
341,3
341,3
341,1
342,2
Modernisation domestique
249,3
246,8
244,3
241,9
239,5
237,1
78,2
79,3
80,4
79,9
79,9
79,9
669,5
665,9
666,1
663,0
660,5
659,1
25,2
26,3
26,7
27,1
27,4
27,5
Modernisation non DOM
9,9
10,9
11,9
12,3
12,7
12,6
Refroidissement retour>99% (ind.)
2,2
2,3
2,5
2,6
2,7
2,8
Autres usages econ. Ind.
7,1
7,3
7,4
8,1
8,3
8,4
44,5
46,8
48,6
50,1
51,1
51,3
2,1
2,5
2,8
3,1
3,3
3,4
11,7
11,0
11,0
10,5
10,0
10,0
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
Total millions euros
AEP (domestique…)
Total Domestique
Non Domestique pollution+
Total non domestique ind.
Irrigation
Poll diffuse (phyto)
Elevage
14,7
14,4
14,7
14,5
14,2
14,3
Alimentation canal
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,1
Protection des M. aquat.
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
Hydrolectricité
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
Obstacles
0,04
0,04
0,04
0,04
0,04
0,04
Stockage en étiage
0,01
0,01
0,01
0,01
0,01
0,01
1,1
1,1
1,1
1,1
1,1
1,1
Total agricole
Total autres redevances
4 370,1
728,4
3 984,1
292,4
86,9
6,7
AESN-DIST-caulliez
Building the 10th program
Work to take into account
TABLEAU 7 - PREVISIONS DES TRAVAUX RETENUS EN M€
SCENARIO DE "COMPROMIS A"
N° LP
Lignes programme
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Total
11
12
13
14
15
18
I - Lutte contre la pollution
Installations de traitement des eaux usées domestiques
Réseaux d'assainissement des eaux usées domestiques
Lutte contre la pollution des activités économiques *
Elimination des déchets
Assistance technique à la dépollution
Lutte contre la pollution agricole
Total lutte contre la pollution
398,6
254,1
62,8
5,0
7,0
39,9
767,4
452,5
273,1
62,8
5,0
7,0
41,9
842,3
458,5
260,2
62,8
5,0
7,0
43,9
837,4
422,7
269,2
62,8
5,0
7,0
46,8
813,5
376,7
277,1
63,8
5,0
7,0
49,8
779,4
275,1
283,1
64,8
5,0
7,0
49,8
684,8
2 384,1
1 616,8
379,8
30,0
42,0
272,1
4 724,8
21
23
24
25
29
II - Gestion des milieux
Gestion quantitative de la ressource
Protection de la ressource
Restauration et gestion des milieux aquatiques
Eau potable
Planification et gestion à l'échelle du bassin et des sous bassins
Total gestion des milieux
19,9
16,9
64,8
109,6
10,0
221,2
20,9
17,9
67,8
109,6
10,0
226,2
21,9
18,9
70,8
109,6
10,0
231,2
22,9
19,9
74,8
111,6
10,0
239,2
24,9
20,9
79,7
113,6
10,0
249,1
24,9
20,9
83,7
113,6
10,0
253,1
135,4
115,4
441,6
667,6
60,0
1 420,0
31
32
33
34
III - Conduite et développement des politiques
Etudes générales
Connaissance environnementale
Action internationale
Information, communication et éducation à l'environnement
Total conduite et développement des politiques
4,0
20,4
10,0
4,5
38,9
4,0
20,4
10,0
4,5
38,9
4,0
20,4
10,0
4,5
38,9
4,0
20,4
10,0
4,5
38,9
4,0
20,4
10,0
4,5
38,9
4,0
20,4
10,0
4,5
38,9
24,0
122,4
60,0
27,0
233,4
1 027,5
1 107,4
1 107,5
1 091,6
1 067,4
976,8
6 378,2
Total général
* hors agricoles
AESN-DIST-caulliez
Building the 10th program
Aids to be granted
AESN
TABLEAU 8 - PREVISIONS DES AUTORISATIONS DE PROGRAMME EN M€
SCENARIO DE "COMPROMIS A"
N° LP
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Lignes programme
I - Lutte contre la pollution
Installations de traitement des eaux usées domestiques
Réseaux d'assainissement des eaux usées domestiques
Lutte contre la pollution des activités économiques *
Elimination des déchets
Assistance technique à la dépollution
Primes pour épuration aux collectivités locales
Aide à la qualité d'exploitation (AQUEX)
Lutte contre la pollution agricole
Total lutte contre la pollution
Total lutte contre la pollution hors primes et aquex
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Total
249,3
136,8
37,6
3,0
3,5
99,7
15,0
30,8
575,7
281,8
146,9
37,6
3,0
3,5
99,7
10,0
32,4
614,9
285,3
141,1
37,6
3,0
3,5
99,7
5,0
33,9
609,1
263,8
146,4
37,6
3,0
3,5
99,7
0,0
36,2
590,2
236,0
150,9
38,1
3,0
3,5
99,7
0,0
38,5
569,7
174,9
154,6
38,8
3,0
3,5
99,7
0,0
38,5
513,0
1 491,1
876,7
227,3
18,0
21,0
598,2
30,0
210,3
3 472,6
2 844,4
10,6
13,0
43,6
60,1
6,0
133,3
11,1
13,8
45,7
60,1
6,0
136,7
11,5
14,5
47,7
60,1
6,0
139,8
12,1
15,3
50,3
61,2
6,0
144,9
13,0
16,1
53,7
62,1
6,0
150,9
13,0
16,1
56,4
62,1
6,0
153,6
71,3
88,8
297,4
365,7
36,0
859,2
21
23
24
25
29
II - Gestion des milieux
Gestion quantitative de la ressource
Protection de la ressource
Restauration et gestion des milieux aquatiques
Eau potable
Planification et gestion à l'échelle du bassin et sous bassins
Total gestion des milieux
31
32
33
34
III - Conduite et développement des politiques
Etudes générales
Connaissance environnementale
Action internationale
Information, communication et éducation à l'environnement
Total conduite et développement des politiques
3,2
19,9
7,0
3,6
33,7
3,2
19,9
7,0
3,6
33,7
3,2
19,9
7,0
3,6
33,7
3,2
19,9
7,0
3,6
33,7
3,2
19,9
7,0
3,6
33,7
3,2
19,9
7,0
3,6
33,7
19,2
119,4
42,0
21,6
202,2
41
42
43
44
45
IV - Dépenses courantes et autres dépenses
Dépenses de fonctionnement hors personnel
Immobilisations
Dépenses de personnel
Charges de régularisation
Charges financières (intérêts et capital)
Total dépenses courantes et autres dépenses
9,9
5,8
34,7
2,0
12,6
65,0
9,5
5,8
34,7
2,0
12,6
64,6
9,1
5,8
34,7
2,0
12,6
64,2
9,1
5,8
34,7
2,0
12,6
64,2
9,1
5,8
34,7
2,0
12,6
64,2
9,1
5,8
34,7
2,0
12,6
64,2
55,8
34,8
208,2
12,0
75,6
386,4
V - Fonds de concours
Fonds de concours ONEMA
57,3
57,3
57,3
59,3
59,3
59,3
349,8
865,0
907,2
904,1
892,3
877,8
823,8
5 270,2
51
Total général
* hors agricoles
AESN-DIST-caulliez
The water Agency system = consistent governance
and economic tools on an adequate area
Governance : river basin committee
•
•
•
Determines objective and action plan
Tradeoff building
Determines tax rate
Follow the results
 May induce tax reflecting local debates not perfectly local
environmental pressures
 willingness to pay
Economic instruments :
 Part of a global tool range (regulatory, license)
 Water price signal for water and sewage services
 Environmental taxes : based on a proxy for dammage on the
environment (transaction cost)
 Subsidies : financial solidarity for action
50 years it works now !!
New challenges
 Financial difficulties for local authorities
 At the moment, the taxes on « large » water cycle are not
sufficient enough … and there is a lack of project owners
 Which new financial / organizational mechanisms could
we put into place?
 Reduction of water consumption (households & industries)
for the last 10 years
-> How can we maintain our level of tax incomes?
 New incentive subsidies to reduce diffuse pollution, but it’s
difficult
->Our aids not competitive with the CAP
 How to translate Good status into visible impacts ?
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