close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

код для вставкиСкачать
Water price
Why do we care about pricing ?
Water princing policies in practice
1. « Water pays for water »
The water bill
Paying for drinking water and
sanitation services
• Fixed portion
• Variable portion
• Water Agency’s fees
Water price in 2011 in the Seine-Normandie
district
20%
Taxes for water
agency
Domestic sewage
transport &
treatment
Per cubic meter
Production &
transport of
drinking
water
TVA
The price of water varies between 2.9 and
4.6 € / m3 for 85 % of the population
96 % of municipalities
whose price is less than
2.2 € / m3 are not
connected to public
sanitation
Distribution of the population
according to the price of water for all
municipalities
Changes in the price are contained
Water price + 1,3% / year
Sanitation price : + 3% / year
=> the sanitation share now
exceeds the water one
Key change factors :
• Investments (new
equipment, compliance and
renewal)
• Higher prices in grouped
• municipalities… explained by
greater investments
• The average price of the
sanitation service is slightly
higher when the service is
managed by a delegate
2. Is tap water expensive ?
Comparison with Europe
•
•
Moyenne Europe : 3,25 €/m3
European countries (5 biggest cities) :
6,42 € au Danemark
5,29 € en Allemagne
3,79 € au Royaume-Uni
3,77 € aux Pays-Bas
France : 3,62 € TTC/m3
3,51 € en Belgique
3,04 € en Finlande
2,54 € en Suède
2,11 € en Espagne
0,88 € en Italie
Water in Household Budget
• a monthly budget of € 30 / household  € 362 / year
(~ 0.9% of the annual budget of an average household
in 2012)
• For comparison :
 Soft drinks = 2.7 %
 Phones = 2.7 %
 Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco = 3.6 %
 Electricity, gas & other fuels = 4.7 %
• Bottled water is100 times more expensive
0,00362 €/l
0,34 €/l
3. SISPEA – a national
observatory for water and
sanitation services
http://www.services.eaufrance.fr/observatoire
Quelques résultats nationaux
du SISPEA
Part de la facture d’eau
dans le revenu des
ménages en 2010
Moyenne
nationale 2010
= 1,2%
Situation 2010
Métropole : de 1,0% (Ile de
France) à 1,6% (Bretagne)
Martinique :
2,2%
Quelques résultats nationaux…
Tarif moyen eau potable +
assainissement collectif au
01/01/2012
148 litres par usager domestique
par jour en moyenne
Quelques résultats nationaux…
Evolution annuelle moyenne des principaux
indicateurs entre 2009 et 2011
Prix AEP
Prix AC
Taux
renouvellement
AEP
Taux
renouvellement ICGP AEP ICGP AC
AC
% population
couverte
52%
38%
27%
11%
Nombre de services
exploités
2 296
1 389
378
53
Rendement
Conformité
microbio
Conformité
physicochimique
24%
47%
46%
46%
1 584 1 266
2 262
2 443
2 486
36%
4. Is the principle "Water
pays for water" reaching
its limits?
A new deal
• Financial difficulties
• Drop in consumption
• Financial requirements for the general water
cycle
• New issues
 Right to water for all
 climate change
 Future renewal of the networks
 Stormwater management
 …
Financial flows for water services and
sanitation (billions € )
State
Taxes : 772
Users connected to
the network
Fees : 1812
Water bills :
3338
Private
companies
Grants :
14
Share :
1244
Departments
and Regions
Water Agencies
Water bills :
6429
Municipalities
Grants: 1357
Grants : 1071
General Budget
: 100
Grants :
441
Industry, Agriculture,
Rivers….
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа