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```Hello
class!!
Unit 7:
Economic Reforms
Writing
Contents
How to write statistics
Examples
Exercises
How to write statistics
–
–
–
How does the chart look like? (Graph, bar, line, pie,
etc.)
Are there any tables of figures?
What does statistical writing ask for? (comparison,
comment, analysis)
Examples
Decrease
Increase
Trend
Others
Decrease
(1)
(2)
• (1) a sudden fall or drop
• (2) a drop / fall / decrease /
decline
Increase
• (3) a dramatic increase
• (4) to rise steadily or
(3)
(4)
Trend
• (9) an upward trend
• (10) a downward trend
(9)
(10)
Others
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
•
•
•
•
(5) to reach a peak
(6) to reach a plateau
(7) to level off
(8) to remain constant
This graph showing sales of Viet Export
Corp. Fill in the missing information
Viet Export Corp.
Ja
n.
Fe
b.
M
ar
.
A
pr
.
M
ay
Ju
n.
Ju
l.
A
ug
.
St
ep
.
O
ct
.
N
ov
.
D
ec
.
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Viet Export Corp.
N
ov
.
D
ec
.
ct
.
O
Ja
n.
F
eb
.
M
ar
.
A
p
r.
M
ay
Ju
n
.
Ju
l.
A
u
g.
St
ep
.
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
dramatically to 100 million.
1. In February, sales increases
___________________
constant 100 million.
2. In the following two months, they remain
______________at
3. In the next three months, they decrease
_________60 million.
4. The next two month two months saw__________________
a dramatic increase to 120
million.
5. This was followed by __________to
40 million in October.
a drop
6. Sales ____________________
increases dramatically in December to finish the ear at 120
million.
The table below presents the achievements
the Government and the people of Tango have
gained in some branches of the economy after
two decades of their economic reform.
1980
1990
2000
Agriculture
Before
1980
-0,5%
3.5%
4.5%
5.4%
Fishery
Forestry
Industry
Construction
Export
-0.4%
-0.2%
-0.6%
-0.3%
0%
3.2%
2.7%
2.3%
4.5%
3.0%
4.0%
3.5%
3.4%
5.3%
4.1%
5.0%
4.5%
4.5%
6.4%
5.3%
1. What was the economic situation in Tango before 1980?
2. What can you say about the economic situation in
Tango from 1980 to 2000?
3. What do you think the Government and the people of
Tango have done do achieve these results?
Based on the information given in the table,
write a report of 150 words on the economic
development of Tango
The economic situation of Tango
before1980.
The measures taken by the Government and
the people of Tango overcome the problems.
The achievement (as presented in the table)
they have made as a result of the reform.
You may begin with
The government and the people of Tango
started its overall economic reform in the
mid 1970s. Before that time, the economy
of the country was in ruins.
Special
Expressions
•  I think they have + Vpp / could have + Vpp
•  The changes in ..... prove that they have + Vpp
• / must have + Vpp
•
•
•
•
•
 They have + Vpp / might have + Vpp
 They have………… so ……
 Due to the ………
 Thanks to the………
 By applying………
Correct the following paragraph
• The government and the people of Tango
started its overall economic reform in the mid
1970s. Before that time, the economy of the
country was in ruins. To solve the problems
economic reforms were applied in some sectors
of the economy. In particular, the Tango
government have introduced new and advanced
farming techniques, which helped to bring back
higher yields for farmers. Fishermen have been
lent more money to buy ships and modern
equipment for off-shore fishing.
Forests have been protected and preserved by
planting more trees. Thanks to domestic and
foreign investments, factories bought high-tech
machines to increase productivity. The building
industry was also in great demand because the
higher the living conditions. More people
wanted to live in new houses full of
convenience and of higher qualities. New
measures in economic reforms helped farmers
and factories produce not only enough for
domestic consumption but also for export.
Homework
Write a short paragraph related to the statistics
of incomes of a company which you find on
the Internet, using the language in statistical
writing.
The end
```
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